The Hidden Seed of Roseville

The city of Roseville, founded by my kindred, Ezekiel Rose, is in dire trouble. It is dying! I am still working on my letter to Ed Ray. I am going to challenge him and his university to do a study on how to save  Roseville. Here is the Crawford-Wallace legacy.

Here is the remarkable diary of David Zeisberger a Moravian minister that tried to save America. He failed!

This official says says Rosevillites want a laundry-mat. Those who want to go back to these simpler times, must read David’s diary. The Moravian system depends on there being no increase in the population. Here is the account of the recovery of the Heil children. My great great grandfather, John Heil, was a member of the Moravian church in Pennsylvania,

Catherine was born around 1746 to Johann Nicholas Heil and Maria Marguerite Theisen. She had five siblings: Johann, Jonathan, Susannah, Mary Elizabeth and Mary Margaret. A Moravian Church Diary entry from 1/26/1756 stated that Catherine was abducted by Indians (Native Americans) at the age of ten and presumed killed. She was released after an unknown amount of time and went on to marry into the Silvius family, marrying Nicholas Silvius, who had also been captured by natives when he was 12, until the age of 18. They had over 10 children together: Barbara, Nicholas Jr, Johann Henrich, Maria Elizabeth, Jonas, Anna Maria, Catherine, Margaret, Susanna and Christina.”

John ‘Born Again Prophet of the Hidden Seed’

“The fight with the English took a severe toll on the Wallaces and Crawfords. William’s father and both brothers were killed by the English. Most his maternal uncles and cousins likewise lost their lives. The heritable position of Sheriff of Ayr and the title and lands of Loudoun passed on to the Campbells with the marriage of the heiress and last survivor of the line, Susanna Crawford, daughter of Sir Reginald, the Fifth Sheriff of Ayr, to Duncan Campbell. Hugh, an uncle of Susanna, does appear to have survived, or at least one of his offspring did, and it is into this line that the Crawford Chieftainship passed. Hugh Crawford also was the progenitor of the Crosbie line. For his valor at Bannockburn he was rewarded by Robert the Bruce with a heritable grant, being given the estate at Auchenames, which became the residence of the Crawford Chiefly line and gave its name to that cadet.

The principal legacy of William Wallace for us Crawfords is his kinship to our House. His mother was a Crawford and thus the Wallaces recognize us as kin, as we do them. We also, through the centuries, have shared with him his love of liberty learned from bitter life lessons and at his uncle’s knee. Sir Reginald is said to have inspired his at the time very young nephew William with the statement:

Dico tibi verum, libertas optima rerum:  Nunquam Sanville sub nexu vivito, fili.

Freedom is best, I tell you true, of all things to be won:  Then never live within the bond of slavery, my son.

As a leader of his country and people, William Wallace is said to have oft repeated this phrase to inspire them in their resistance to the English. William Wallace is Scotland’s greatest hero, a man of integrity, but also a man of his day — violent and vengeful. His determination to free his country from a foreign yoke left a legacy manifest in many prominent historical documents related to the struggle for independence, among them the Scottish Declaration of Arbroath and the American Declaration of Independence.”

Stanza Fourteen also contains a typo. “Captain Rase” is actually a reference to Captain Ezekiel Rose. It’s not entirely unlikely that the author may have been referring to Gustavus Heinrich de Rosenthal, who served under the name “John Rose.” However, Rosenthal was elected adjutant with the rank of Major, not Captain. Ironically, Cowan’s “Southwestern Pennsylvania in Song and Story” contains yet another typo. It incorrectly lists a “Captain Ross” instead of Captain Rose.

David Zeisberger (April 11, 1721 – November 17, 1808) was a Moravian clergyman and missionary among the Native Americans in the Thirteen Colonies. He established communities of Munsee (Lenape) converts to Christianity in the valley of the Muskingum River in Ohio; and for a time, near modern-day Amherstburg, Ontario.


Zeisberger was born in Zauchtenthal, Moravia (present day Suchdol nad Odrou in the Czech Republic) and moved with his family to the newly established Moravian Christian community of Herrnhut, on the estate of Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf in the German Electorate of Saxony in 1727. However, when his family migrated to the newly established English colony in Georgia, Zeisberger remained in Europe to complete his education. In 1738, he came to Georgia in the United States, with the assistance of governor James Edward Oglethorpe. He later rejoined his family in the Moravian community at Savannah, Georgia. At the time, the United Brethren had begun a settlement, merely for the purpose of preaching the gospel to the Creek nation. From there he moved to Pennsylvania, and assisted at the commencement of the settlements of Nazareth and Bethlehem.

In 1739, Zeisberger was influential in the development of a Moravian community in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and was there at its dedication on Christmas Eve 1741. Four years later, at the invitation of Hendrick Theyanoguin, he came to live among the Mohawk. He became fluent in the Onondaga language and assisted Conrad Weiser in negotiating an alliance between the English and the Iroquois in Onondaga (near present-day Syracuse, New York). Zeisberger also produced dictionaries and religious works in Iroquoian and Algonquian.

Zeisberger began as a missionary to Native American peoples following his ordination as a Moravian minister in 1749. He worked among the Lenape (Delaware) of Pennsylvania, coming into conflict with British authorities over his advocacy of Natives’ rights and his ongoing efforts to establish white and native Moravian communities in eastern Ohio. He was the senior missionary of the United Brethren (as the Moravians sometimes referred to themselves) among the Indians. His relations with British authorities worsened during the American Revolutionary War and in 1781 he was arrested and held at Fort Detroit. While he was imprisoned, ninety-six of his Native converts in Gnadenhutten, Ohio were brutally murdered by Pennsylvania militiamen, an event known as the Gnadenhutten Massacre.

After Zeisberger was released, violent conflicts with other Native tribes and the expansion of white settlement forced many Moravian Christian settlements to relocate to present-day Michigan and Ontario. A large group of Munsee moved there in 1782, but Zeisberger later returned to live the rest of his life among the Native converts remaining near the village of Goshen (in present Goshen Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio). Zeisberger spent a period of 62 years, excepting a few short intervals, as a missionary among the Indians. He died on November 17, 1808 at Goshen, Ohio, on the river Tuscarawas, at the age of 87 years. Zeisberger is buried in Goshen.

William Crawford (2 September 1722 – 11 June 1782) was an American soldier and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was tortured and burned at the stake by American Indians in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre, a notorious incident near the end of the American Revolution.

Early career[edit]

In 1722, Crawford was born in Spotsylvania County, Colony of Virginia, at a location which is now in Berkeley County, West Virginia.[1] He was a son of William Crawford and his wife Honora Grimes,[2] who were Scots-Irish farmers. After his father’s death in 1736, his mother married Richard Stephenson. Crawford had a younger brother, Valentine Crawford, plus five half-brothers and one half-sister from his mother’s second marriage.[3]

In 1742 Crawford married one Ann Stewart and she bore him one child, a daughter also named Ann, born in 1743. Apparently she died in childbirth or soon after, and on 5 January 1744 he married Hannah Vance, said to have been born in Pennsylvania in 1723. She bore him a son named John (20 April 1744 – 22 September 1816; he married one Effie Grimes) and at least two daughters, Ophelia “Effie” (2 September 1747 – 1825, who married Captain William McCormick who was born Feb 2, 1738, and died August 15, 1816[4]), and Sarah (1752–10 Nov 1838, who married 1)Major William Harrison [c 1740–13 June 1782], and 2) Lt. Col Uriah Springer [18 Nov 1754–21 Sep 1826]}. There may also have been another daughter, Nancy, born in 1767, who had apparently died when he wrote his will in 1782.[5]

In 1749, Col. William Crawford became acquainted with George Washington, then a young surveyor somewhat younger than Crawford. He accompanied Washington on surveying trips and learned the trade. In 1755, Crawford served in the Braddock expedition with the rank of ensign. Like Washington, he survived the disastrous Battle of the Monongahela. During the French and Indian War, he served in Washington’s Virginia Regiment, guarding the Virginia frontier against Native American raiding parties. In 1758, Crawford was a member of General John Forbes’s army which captured Fort Duquesne, where Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania now stands. He continued to serve in the military, taking part in Pontiac’s War in 1763.

In 1765 Crawford built a cabin on the Braddock Road along the Youghiogheny River in what is now Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. His wife and three children joined him there the following year. Crawford supported himself as a farmer and fur trader. When the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois opened up additional land for settlement, Crawford worked again as a surveyor, locating lands for settlers and speculators. Governor Robert Dinwiddie had promised bounty land to the men of the Washington’s Virginia Regiment for their service in the French and Indian War. In 1770 Crawford and Washington travelled down the Ohio River to choose the land to be given to the regiment’s veterans. The area selected was near what is now Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Crawford also made a western scouting trip in 1773 with Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia. Washington could not accompany them because of the sudden death of his stepdaughter.[6]

At the outbreak of Dunmore’s War in 1774, Crawford received a major’s commission from Lord Dunmore. He built Fort Fincastle at present Wheeling, West Virginia.[7] He also led an expedition which destroyed two Mingo villages (near present Steubenville, Ohio) in retaliation for Chief Logan‘s raids into Virginia.[8] During the expedition, Crawford’s men rescued two captives held by American Indians, killing six and capturing 14 Indians.[2]

Crawford’s service to Virginia in Dunmore’s War was controversial in Pennsylvania, since the colonies were engaged in a bitter dispute over their borders near Fort Pitt. Crawford had been a justice of the peace in Pennsylvania since 1771, first for Bedford County, then for Westmoreland County when it was established in 1773. Arthur St. Clair, another Pennsylvania official, called for Crawford to be removed from his office, which was done in January 1775. Beginning in 1776, Crawford served as a surveyor and justice for Virginia’s short-lived Yohogania County.[9]

American Revolution[edit]

When the American Revolutionary War began, Crawford recruited a regiment for the Virginia Line of the Continental Army. On 11 October 1776, the Continental Congress appointed him colonel of the 7th Virginia Regiment. Crawford led his regiment in the Battle of Long Island and the retreat across New Jersey. He crossed the Delaware with Washington and fought at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. During the Philadelphia campaign, he commanded a scouting detachment for Washington’s army.[10]

After the war on the western frontier intensified in 1777, Crawford was transferred to the Western Department of the Continental Army. He served at Fort Pitt under Generals Edward Hand and Lachlan McIntosh. Crawford was present at the Treaty of Fort Pitt in 1778, and helped to build Fort Laurens and Fort McIntosh that year. Resources were scarce on the frontier, however, and Fort Laurens was abandoned in 1779. In 1780, Crawford visited Congress to appeal for more funds for the western frontier. In 1781, he retired from military service.

The Ohio Historical Society‘s marker near the Colonel Crawford Burn Site Monument in Wyandot County, Ohio.

Crawford expedition[edit]

In 1782, General William Irvine persuaded Crawford to come out of retirement and lead an expedition against enemy Indian villages along the Sandusky River. Before leaving, on 16 May he made out his will and testament.[11] His son John Crawford, his son-in-law William Harrison, and his nephew and namesake William Crawford also joined the expedition.

Execution of Crawford

After his election as commander of the expedition, Crawford led about 500 volunteers deep into American Indian territory with the hope of surprising them. However, the Indians and their British allies at Detroit had learned about the expedition in advance, and brought about 440 men to the Sandusky to oppose the Americans. After a day of indecisive fighting, the Americans found themselves surrounded. During a confused retreat, Crawford and dozens of his men were captured. The Indians executed many of them in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre earlier in the year, in which 96 peaceful Christian Indian men, women, and children had been murdered by Pennsylvanian militiamen. Crawford’s execution was brutal; he was tortured for at least two hours before he was burned at the stake. His nephew and son-in-law were also captured and executed. The war ended shortly thereafter, but Crawford’s horrific execution was widely publicized in the United States, worsening the already strained relationship between Native Americans and European Americans.

Crawford’s torture and execution by the Indians is described in graphic detail by Allan W. Eckert in That Dark and Bloody River [12]

In 1982, the site of Colonel Crawford’s execution was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 1994, the Wyandot County Patriotic Citizens erected an 8.5 ft (2.6 m) Berea sandstone monument near the site. The Ohio Historical Society also has an historical marker nearby.

Crawford County, Ohio, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, Crawford County, Michigan and Crawford County, Indiana are named for William Crawford. So too is Colonel Crawford High School in North Robinson, Ohio.

There is a replica of Crawford’s cabin in Connellsville, Pennsylvania.

Colonel William Crawford captured by Indians burned at the stake

Colonel William Crawford (1722-1782) was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, raised near Winchester, Virginia, and lived in western Pennsylvania. He was a farmer, surveyor, soldier and friend of George Washington. Colonel Crawford distinguished himself during the Revolutionary War and in the Indian wars along the frontier. As a partisan he was very active and successful. He took several Indian towns, and did great service in scouting, patrolling and defending the frontiers. He was captured and burned at the stake just north of Upper Sandusky, Ohio, on June 11, 1782.

He was a brother of Valentine Crawford, Jr. (1724-1777); the CRAWFORD brother some southern CRAWFORD families’ claim links with. Both CRAWFORD brothers are the subjects of Allen W. Scholl’s book, “The Brothers Crawford”.

Most of the following material comes from “The Frontiersmen” by Allan W. Eckert published in 1970. Eckert used “hidden dialog” as a means of writing history. This technique has been termed “documentary fiction”; Alex Haley called it “faction” and he used it in “Roots”. “The Frontiersmen” is comparable to “Son of the Morning Star” and to “Roots”. A great balance between academic and popular writing. Really illustrates the dark side of humanity.

On June 10, 1782 Colonel William Crawford was captured with several of his command by hostile Indians and marched to a large village about eight miles above the Sandusky River. Soon the prisoners, all except Crawford and army surgeon Dr. Edward Knight, were murdered and scalped. Dr. Knight was held captive but Colonel Crawford was taken by the Indians, stripped of all clothing and led to a thick post projecting fifteen feet from the ground. Bound at the wrists he was tethered with a rawhide cord to the post. In this way he was able to walk around the pole, stand, sit, even lie down, but was unable to move more than four feet in any direction from the pole.

Soon a crowd of Indians rushed up with sticks and switches and beat Crawford unmercifully, withdrawing only when his body was badly welted and bloodstained and he appeared on the verge of unconsciousness. The Indians then raced over to where Dr. Knight was tied and subjected him to the same punishment.

Colonel Crawford was then informed that his captors planned to burn him. A foot-high circle of kindling was placed all the way around Crawford’s stake, at a distance of about five yards. About a hundred dry hickory poles, each an inch or so thick and upwards of twenty feet in length, were placed so that they lay with one end atop the kindling and the other stretching outward, away from the circle.

Crawford was surrounded by a milling mass of Indian warriors and squaws, all of whom carried flintlock rifles. Into the barrels they poured extra-large quantities of gunpowder but no balls, and shot at Colonel Crawford pointblank. The grains of powder and saltpeter still burning peppered his body; and imbedded just beneath his skin. Crawford screamed until he was hoarse and whimpering. More than seventy powder charges had struck him everywhere from feet to neck, but the greater majority had been aimed at his groin, and when, they were finished the end of his penis was black and shredded and still smoking.

As Dr. Knight watched in horror one of the Indian leaders stepped up to Colonel Crawford and sliced off his ears. From where he sat watching Dr. Knight could see blood flowing down both sides of Crawford’s head, bathing his shoulders, back and chest.

Now came the squaws with burning brands and they lighted the kindling all the way around the circle, igniting the material every foot or so until the entire circle was ablaze. The poles quickly caught fire on their tips and the heat became intense, causing the closest spectators to fall back. Crawford made a peculiar cry and ran around the post in a frenzy trying to escape the flames, finally falling to the ground and wrapping his body around the stake. After the better part of an hour the fire died down, leaving behind a fanned-out ring of long poles, each with one end a glowing spike.

Crawford’s back, buttocks and the skin on the back of his thighs had blistered and burst and then curled up into little charred crisps. The sounds he made were fainter. The torture continued as Indians selected poles and jabbed the glowing ends onto Colonel Crawford’s skin where they thought it would give most pain. Dr. Knight thought Crawford near death by this time, but was amazed to see the colonel scramble to his feet and begin stumbling about the stake, attempting to avoid the glowing ends, that hissed and smoked whenever they touched him. One of the glowing points was thrust at his face and as he jerked to avoid it he ran into another which contacted his open eye, causing him to shriek loudly.

When the poles had all been used and tossed on a pile to one side, some of the squaws came up with wooden boards and scooped up piles of glowing embers to throw at him until soon he had nothing to walk upon but coals of fire and hot ashes. As Colonel Crawford circled the stake he began to plead coherently for someone to shoot him, to kill him. Most of the Indians did not understand what Crawford was saying, but the beseeching tone of the colonel’s voice pleased them and they clapped their hands and shouted aloud in triumph at having forced the white chief into this outburst.

When there was no answer to his pleads; Crawford began a shuffling walk round and round the stake as if in a trance, scarcely flinching as he stepped on the hot coals. Finally he stopped and slowly raised his head and loudly and clearly prayed for God to end his suffering.

Once more he began the same shuffling walk until at last, two full hours after having been prodded with the glowing poles, he fell on his stomach and lay silent. At once an Indian chief stepped over the ring of ashes and cut a deep circle on the top of Colonel Crawford’s head with his knife, wrapped the long dark hair around his hand and yanked hard. The pop as the scalp pulled off was clearly audible to Dr. Knight.

The chief now stepped clear of the circle and advanced on the captive doctor. He held the dripping scalp in front of Dr. Knight’s eyes and taunted him. With rapid strokes he whipped the fleshy portion of the scalp back and forth across Knight’s face, stopping only when there came a deep murmur from the crowd behind him.

A squaw had entered the circle of ashes with a board heaped full of glowing coals, and these she scattered on Crawford’s back and held them with the board against the officer’s bare skull. The murmur that had arisen was occasioned by what seemed wholly unbelievable; Colonel Crawford groaned faintly and rolled over and then slowly drew up his knees and raised himself to a kneeling position. For perhaps two minutes he stayed like this and then he placed one foot on the ground and stood erect again, beginning anew a shuffling walk around the stake. A few squaws touched burning sticks to him but he seemed insensitive to them, no longer even attempting to pull away. It was the most appalling sight Dr. Knight had ever witnessed and, unable to control himself any longer, he suddenly vomited and then screamed at his captors, cursing them and calling them murderers and fiends and devils.

Squaws now heaped armloads of fresh kindling in a pile near the stake and lighted it. When the fire reached its peak, two warriors cut the rawhide cord that bound the still shuffling Crawford and, one on each side let him shuffle toward the fire. When the heat became too intense for them to advance closer, they thrust him from them and he sprawled into the blaze. His legs jerked a few times and one arm flailed out but then, as skin and flesh blackened, living motion stopped and all that remained was a gradual drawing of arms and legs close to the body in the pugilistic posture characteristic in persons burned to death.

So ended the life of Colonel William Crawford. Dr. Knight, who had witnessed Crawford’s sufferings was later turned over by the Delaware to the Shawnees, from whom he later escaped. Dr. Knight eventually reached safety in a white settlement and gave a report of the events. Later he published his famous narrative, which described the sad end of Colonel Crawford.

Because of the obvious errors in the published rolls, there is a need for locating more reliable sources on the Sandusky expedition. One source unknown to Butterfield and Egle is the journal of John Rose. 21 Like Lafayette and von Steuben, this Russian nobleman of Baltic German extraction — whose true name was Gustavus Heinrich de Rosenthal — came to the aid of the American colonies in their revolt against England. Following a series of land and sea adventures including imprisonment at New York for a time, John Rose found himself at Fort Pitt in 1782 as an aide to General William Irvine,the fort’s commander. When Colonel Crawford asked for help, Irvine sent Rose on the campaign as Crawford’s aide-de-camp. Welleducated, Rose wrote daily journal entries throughout the campaign. Afterwards he added endnotes in which he evaluated the expedition’s officers and made recommendations as to how to improve acomparable force in the future. Rose took the journal withits endnotes withhim when he returned to his homeland in 1784. Today his journal and notes would be unknown on this side of the Atlantic except for a great-grandson who sent a copy to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1893 for publication. 22 The original journal and notes are evidently now in an official archival institution in the Estonian S.S.R. in the Soviet Union.23 The military pension applications at the National Archives in Washington are a rich source ofinformation. In1823 Congress passed the first comprehensive pension act which provided an annual grant to soldiers who served six months or more during the Revolution. Widows married at the time of the war were also eligible. As of this writing, eighty pensions of expedition volunteers or their widows have been identified. The pension files reveal a different picture of Crawford’s army than is commonly supposed. The typical picture

Ezekiel Rose

Death unknown

Muskingum County, Ohio, USA

Roseville, Muskingum County, Ohio, USA

Memorial ID 40450770 · View Source


Ezekiel Rose was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, a surveyor, and a farmer. He was apparently from the town of Milford, for his son named New Milford, Ohio (later to be renamed Roseville) in honor of his father. Ezekiel Rose served as captain in the 5th Bn Washington County, Pennsylvania. He fought in the Battle of Sandusky and is listed as a soldier of Fort Laurens . The statue of Ezekiel in Roseville Cemetery was erected by the Womens Relief Corps on May 30, 1896. from Terry Baulch: Ezekiel Rose is my ancestor. He was the worst of the wounded at the Battle of Upper Sandusky. Upon returning to safety after the campaign, his wound was cleaned by wrapping a ramrod with gauze and pushing in through his upper torso to stimulate bleeding to cleanse the wound. He credited his survival to repeatedly reciting the Lord’s prayer after being wounded as the battle raged. See Alan Eckert’s book THAT DARK AND BLOODY RIVER.

Family Members


  • Photo

    Ezekiel Rose


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Is Trump Insane?

Sincerely straight people are asking if Trump is insane. What is clear, he has a deep resentment and loathing for all Democrats for dare running against him, and is taking it real personal. The President of the United States of America goes after Republicans who do not hate Democrats like he does.

I suspect Trump is being pressured by Christian leaders to show empathy for the Muslim victims, which is causing a moral and mental crisis in our President. Trump is not getting their full attention – and full favorable treatment! This is a real crisis for a full-blown Narcissist. One can say God is a Narcissist.

I just have to laugh because the Kimites and Bellites labeled me insane, and went after me. My daughter is a Ignorant Trumpite!


Cornyn was asked about Trump’s tweets from over the weekend in which he criticized “Saturday Night Live” after the sketch comedy show aired a rerun featuring a skit depicting a world in which he had never become president.

“I don’t take that seriously, honestly,” Cornyn said.

Trump, in a pair of tweets on Sunday morning, complained that “SNL” and other late-night comedy shows “can spend all of their time knocking the same person (me), over & over, without so much of a mention of ‘the other side.’ Like an advertisement without consequences.”

In a separate tweet, Trump asked, “Should Federal Election Commission and/or FCC look into this?”

“in praying for peace and safety in our nation and for these precious families who have lost so much in this senseless tragedy.”

“Our thoughts and prayers go out to those fighting for their lives and the families of the victims of the senseless violence that took place last night in Thousand Oaks,” said Franklin.

“There aren’t laws that can stop a person committed to hurting other people, but it does add a sense of urgency for reaching all people with the message of hope and life change found in Jesus Christ.”

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Bishop Guy Erwin, who is based in the Los Angeles area, took to social media to express his condolences.

“Devastated by the mass shooting in Thousand Oaks last night. Heartrending & sad,” tweeted Erwin on Thursday morning.

“God is with those who mourn; we surround them with our care as well. Then we must address the parts of our culture that have made this so common in our land.”

The reported shooter, 28-year-old Ian Long, was a retired Marine Corps veteran. Authorities have not yet determined a motive for the massacre.

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William Crawford On Warpath

Allan, William; Blind Harry, Reciting the Deeds of Wallace; Paisley Art Institute Collection, held by Paisley Museum and Art Galleries;

Colonel William Crawford’s ancestors, are my ancestors.  Did he know Captain Ezekiel Rose was his kin? These warriors would lead 489 armed men against the Indians. Most of them were Scot-Irish. It was at the end of the Revolutionary War that was won by these immigrants from Ireland and Scotland, who had been on the warpath with the English for hundreds of years. The English had allied themselves with several tribes to go to war with their old foes.

American politics has entered a more open Cowboy verses the Indians, phase. President Bush just gave a speech, and pleaded for tolerance of Immigrants. President Trump has taken a stand against immigration and sees the whole Democratic Party as Hostiles who are all for the Foreign Invaders and crimes against White People. It is quite clear the Whites are the Immigrant-Invaders, that all but a handful of Native Americans, were determined to repel, and, exterminate.

I am now promoting a movie about Crawford’s defeat. I would like Spielberg to direct this movie that can become a series by Ken Burnes. This is The War for America.

John Presco

“In contrast to the Wyandots and Delawares, the Shawnees burned a number of captives following the Battle of Sandusky with little or no regard for military rank. Not all the captives, of course, were from Crawford’s army; twelve Americans caught in Kentucky about the same time were reported to have arrived at Wapatomica where they were parceled out to other towns for burning.20 In this bicentennial report I will also include part of a letter received from Helen York Rose of Seminole, Oklahoma, a registered Delaware and the only Indian member of the “First Families of Ohio” genealogical organization. In response to my request for information concerning Indian archives under tribal control, she replied that Indian history has to be “dug out” little by little…. itis very difficult to get an Indian to tell our legends to white people. It so happens I was the one in our family to listen to the Older Delawares. …My own great grandmother, Sally Olivia Journey Cake Smith, always spent the time mourning for our people on the dates of slaughter [Gnadenhiitten massacre]. … The way to the battle of Sandusky is spattered with blood. What makes it so personal to me, Capt. Pipe’s band was my own ancestors band. … I am not only an Indian but collateral kin to the Crawford family, a brother of my captive grandmother, Mary Castleman, was married to Ann Crawford, related to Col. Crawford. I try to keep an open mind about the old, harsh times when my white ancestors were killing my Indians and my Indians burning white kin — with mixed blood that isn’t very easy sometimes. The battle at Sandusky had its start with the slaughter of the Christian Delawares by Williamson and his Pa. troops. Although Col. Crawford didn’t take part in the murder of the Christian Delawares, Williamson and his troops were under him….Keeping in mind it was the belief of the Indians ifone was murdered the family had the right to murder the offender if not, a member of the family paid the price and was put to death. … Ithink one has to be of Indian descent to fully realize the close kinship of Indians….21 From all accounts, white and Indian, Colonel Crawford died bravely. He was sixty years old. Heavy-set, he stood about five feet, ten inches tall. His eyes were blue, his skin fair, and his hair irongray.22″

Ezekiel Rose served as captain in the 5th Bn Washington County, Pennsylvania. He fought in battles including the Battle of Sandusky in the Ohio region where he eventually moved and died.

The will of my Ezekiel reads as follows:
Will of Ezekiel Rose of Muskingum County, Ohio

In the name of God Amen I Ezekiel Rose of Newton Township Muskingum County Ohio being weak in body but sound and perfect in mind and memory blessed be almithy God for the same do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say

First I give and bequeath unto my daughter Rachel Prior 84 cents I do also give and bequeth unto my daughter Sarah Williams 84 cts I aso give and bequeth unto my son Ezkiel Rose jur 84 cts I also gie and bequeth unto my daughter Nancy Smith 84 cts I also give and bequeth unto my son William Rose 84 cts I will and order to be paid within six months after my decase–
(and?) lastly to all the rest residue and remainder of my personal estate goods and chattles of what kind nature soever I give and bequeth the same to my daughter Hannah Rose whom I appoint my sole executrix of this my last will and testament in witness whereof ? I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 23rd day of march in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen
Ezekiel (his mark) Rose (seal)
signed and sealed and published and declared by the above named Ezekiel Rose to be his last will and testament in preance of us have hereunto subscribed our names asa witnesses in the presence of the testator
Benjamine McClain Chauncey Ford
John Weylie
Joseph Weylie
The will was proved 25 May 1818. The settlement is cited as #445,
Muskingum County, Ohio.

In 1812 he, or his son, platted the town of New Milford, Ohio which was renamed for him after his death to Roseville, Ohio. He is buried in the center of the Roseville Cemetery just south of the flag pole.
information from a Muskingum Co book of wills. Book

Roseville was laid out in 1812 by Ezekiel Rose. It was initially named New Milford, but the name had been changed to Roseville by the time a post office was applied for in 1830.[7] By 1833, Roseville had a gristmill and saw mill.[8] Roseville was incorporated in 1840, with Dr. James Little elected as the first mayor.

The Roseville area was noted for its pottery production. The Roseville Pottery Company operated from around 1890 to 1954, and was a premiere producer of art pottery in the early 20th century.

William Crawford

William Crawford (1722 – 1782)

Col. William Crawford
Born in , Spotsylvania County, Virginiamap

Ancestors ancestors

Husband of Ann Stewart — married (to ) [location unknown]
Husband of Hannah Vance — married (to ) in , Frederick County, Virginiamap

Descendants descendants

Died in Tymochtee Creek, North of the Upper Sandusky River, Connecticut Western Reserve, (later Wyandot County, Ohio)map

Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirnie MP

Gender: Male
Birth: circa 1551
Kilbirnie, North Ayrshire, Scotland
Death: between 1592 and 1595 (36-47)
Kilbirnie, North Ayrshire, Scotland
Immediate Family: Son of Hugh Crawfurd of Kilbirnie and Margaret Colquhoun, of Luss
Husband of Margaret Cunningham, of Glengarnock
Father of John Crawfurd of Kilbirnie; Alexander Crawford; Anne Crawfurd, of Kilbirnie and Margaret Crawford
Half brother of Margaret Crawford, of Kilbirnie; Marion Crawford, of Kilbirnie; Elizabeth Crawford, of Kilbirnie; William Crawford of Knightswood; John de Crawford and 1 other; and Catherine Crawford « less
Added by: Terry L Wahl on May 27, 2007
Managed by: Michael Bishop Ebersol and 35 others
Curated by: Erica Howton

Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirnie

  • From the
  • M, #183794, b. circa 1551, d. 1595
  • Last Edited=29 Mar 2011

Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirnie was born circa 1551.2 He was the son of Hugh Crawfurd and Margaret Colquhoun.1 He died in 1595.2 He died in 1592.1 He lived at Crawford Castle, Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland.3 He was also known as Malcolm Crawford.3



  1. Margaret Cunningham, daughter of John Cunningham of Glengarnock.1

Children of Malcolm Crawfurd of Kilbirnie and Margaret Cunningham

  1. John Crawfurd of Kilbirnie+1 d. 1622. Married Margaret Blair.
  2. Alexander Crawford+3 b. c 1582, d. 1650. No descendants (sic: should read: “known to me.”. In fact there were descendants)
  3. a daughter, [Sic: Anne] married to William Cunningham, ancestor of Sir William Cunningham, baronet

Biographical notes

“He [Hugh Crawfurd] deceased in the year 1576, and had for his successor Malcolm, his son and heir, who wedded Margaret, daughter of John Cunningham of Glengarnock, by whom he had a son, John, who became his heir, and was a man of most extraordinary merit and refined accomplishments, having made a great figure, according to his rank and fortune.” (1)


  1. [S400] Sir Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 28th edition (London, U.K.: Harrison and Sons, 1866), page 891. Hereinafter cited as The Peerage and Baronetage, 28th ed.
  2. [S443] Rootsweb, online unknown url.
  3. [S73] William Fowle Crawford, A Crawford Family History (San Diego, California, U.S.A.: self-published, 1997), page 6. Hereinafter cited as Crawford Family History.


  1. The Crawfurd Peerage: With Other Original Genealogical, Historical, and Biographical Particulars Relating to the Illustrious Houses of Crawfurd and Kilbirnie (Google eBook) Andrew Jack & Company, 1829 – 484 pages. Page 39
  2. The Crawfords of the county Donegal updated 2000 edition
  3. The early ancestors of the Crawfords in America : an introduction to genealogies of American families of the name. Fred E. Crawford.  1940.



Malcolm Crawford was born in Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland.

Malcolm Crawford married Margaret Cunningham.

Malcolm Crawford had 5 children. Their names are Agnes Crawford, Alexander Crawford, Andrew Crawford, Janet Crawford, and John Crawford.

Malcolm Crawford passed away in 1659 in Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland

Descendants of Malcolm Crawford

[The following is from the Crawford family webpage at:]

Malcolm Crawford of Kilbirnie, m Margaret Cunningham

  • John Crawford, b 1600 Ayshire, Scotland d 1676 James City, VA
  • * David Crawford, b ca 1623 Kilbernie, Ayshire, Scotland d VA m Jane —-
  • * * Elizabeth Crawford, b ca 1671 New Kent Co, VA m Nicholas Meriwether II, son of Nicholas Meriwether and Elizabeth Woodhouse

A Little Bit of History, Bacon’s Rebellion

Ann Meriwether, b 1694 Goochland, VA d ca 1780 Louisa Co, VA m (1) Thomas Johnson Semiramis Johnson, b —- m Thomas Paulett

Ann Paulett, b m John Clark, son of Francis Clark and Cordella Lankford

Francis Clark, b 1748 m Nancy Walker

Robert Clark, Sr., b 1770 m Judith Weaver, dau of James Weaver and Tabitha —-

Robert Clark, Jr., b 1830 m Rebecca Harris, dau of Capt. Benjamin Harris and Elizabeth Weaver

Martha Jane Clark, b 1850 m Eli Brewer, son of Oliver Brewer and Elizabeth Louisa Drinnon

Andrew Martin Brewer, b 1877 m Etta Mae Hale, dau of George Henry Hale and Sarah Ellen Rose

Jesse Brewer, b 1916 m Isabelle C. Anderson, dau of James N. Anderson and Martha Arabelle Thompson

Elaine Brewer (me)

Malcolm Crawford

MALCOLM CRAWFORD was born in Kilbirnie, Scotlamd married Margaret Cunningham.

Children of Malcolm Crawford and Margaret Cunningham 1. Alexander Crawford m Mary Crichton 2. JOHN CRAWFORD, b 1600 Ayshire, Scotland d 1676 James City, VA

John Crawford JOHN CRAWFORD (Crafford) was born 1600 in Ayshire, Scotland, and died in 1676 in James City, Virginia. He married ca 1597 in Ayrshire, Scotland, wife’s name unknown. John migrated to Jamestown in 1643 and was killed during Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676.

Reference: “Magna Charta” Part VIII by John S. Wurts p 2915, and “The Meriwethers and Their Connections” by Nelson Heath.

Child of John Crawford and —- unknown —- 1. DAVID CRAWFORD, b 1623/25 Kilbernie, Ayrshire, Scotland d 13 Dec 1689 New Kent, New Kent Co, VA

David Crawford DAVID CRAWFORD was born 1623/25 in Kilbernie, Ayrshire, Scotland, and died 13 Dec 1689 in New Kent, New Kent County, Virginia. He married in 1654/56 to Jane —- born 1633 in Virginia. Various spellings in legal documents have the Crawford name as Craford or Crafford. In 1667, David had 86 acres of land located in the parish of Martyn’s Hundred in James City County granted by Sir William Berkeley, the Governor of the Colony of Virginia. The second grant of land to David was in 1672 for 1000 acres of land as “lying in ye branches of Mattadegun Creeke, in New Kent County” for having brought into the colony twenty persons. He acquired other lands: 1,350, 375, 1,300, 277, and 196 acres, most in St. Paul’s Parish and St Peter’s Parish in New Kent County or Hanover County.

“David Crawford belonged to the slave-holding aristocacy of the Old Dominion which so closely resembled the feudal nobility of earlier times.” He certaintly had Indian servants whom he said he had purchased. The way of life in Virginia at this period became very gracious for those who could afford it. Almost from one generation to the next, this class went from primitive shelters to homes built of brick. Mostly constructed of two stories, these homes had large rooms and high ceilings, large windows with glass to take care of the heat in summer. The kitchen and any other areas which were considered other than living areas were separated. So was born the southern tradition of the ‘main’ house surrounded by smaller buildings for cooking, washing, and dairy products.

Reference: “The Meriwethers and Their Connections” by Nelson Heath Meriweather, Chapter III Nicholas Meriwether II (1667-1744) p 55, This Crawford History is taken from Mrs. Frank Armstrong (Crawford) Vanderbilt’s “Laurus Crawfordiana: Memorials of that branch of the Crawford family which comprises the descendants of John Crawford, of Virginia, 1660-1883” (New York, privately printed, 1883), “Statutes at Large; A Collection of all the Laws of Virginia” Volume V, by William Waller Hening p. 257 September 1744 18th George II Chap. XXIV.

Children of David Crawford and Jane —- 1. Judith Crawford, b 1658 New Kent Co, VA m Robert Lewis 2. Angeline Crawford, b Apr 1660 New Kent Co, VA d Apr 1766 m William McGuire 3. David Crawford II, b 1662 New Kent Co, VA d Sep 1762 Amherst, VA m Nov 1695 Jamestown, VA Elizabeth Smith. 4. John Crawford, b Oct 1664 New Kent Co, VA d 13 Dec 1689 St. Peter Parish, New Kent Co, VA 5. Sarah Crawford, b 1666 New Kent Co, VA d 1752 Louisa Co, VA m 1696 Thomas Poindexter 6. ELIZABETH CRAWFORD, b 1671/72 New Kent Co, VA d 1753/62 Louisa Co, VA Elizabeth Crawford ELIZABETH CRAWFORD was born in 1671 or 1672 in New Kent County, Virginia, and died sometime between 1753 and 1762 in Louisa County, Virginia. She married in 1688 or 1689 in New Kent County to Nicholas Meriwether II, son of Nicholas Meriwether and Elizabeth Woodhouse.

Children of Elizabeth Crawford and Nicholas Meriwether 1. Jane Meriwether, b 1680-1705, Goochland Co, VA d 1753-57 m 1724-1725, Glouester, VA Col. Robert Lewis 2. Thomas Meriwether, b 1682-91 Goochland, VA 3. William Meriwether, b 1683-92, New Kent, VA d 1756 m 1713 Elizabeth Bushrod 4. Nicholas Meriwether, b 04 Jul 1684 Goochland, VA d 1739 m Mildred Thornton 5. David Meriwether, b 1689-90 Goochland, Virginia d 25 Dec 1744 Louisaco, VA m 1711-13 New Kent, VA, Anne Holmes 6. Elizabeth Meriwether, b 20 Jun 1690 Goochland, VA d 01 Jan 1724-25 m Thomas Bray 7. ANN (Anne) MERIWETHER, b 15 Jul 1694 Goochland, VA d 1780-85 Louisa Co, VA m (1) in VA, Thomas Johnson (2) in 1750-52 John Cosby 8. Sarah Meriwether, b 07 Dec 1697 Goochland, VA d 02 Jul 1733 m William Littlepage 9. Mary Meriwether, b 1698-1707 New Kent, Albemarle, VA d 1745 m. John Aylett


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Victoria’s Crazy-Ass Parade

I posted this prophetic post on January 22, 2019. How my intutitiveness works, should be studied – by the military! I have been mocked! I see things in Lara Roozemond which convinces me even more we are kin. Our DNA has another dimension to it – of truth – that transcends time.

Rosamond Press

Jon ‘The Seer’ saw it coming in his Ian Fleming novel ‘The Royal Janitor. All Catholic leaders are aware of the battles between the Catholics and the Protestants. The Colonel’s Crazies dress like Scottish Warriors who followed Wallace into battle. They paint themselves half-blue and have seen Wallace and his men INTIMIDATE the enemy. When the Native American Warrior approached them, drumming, their blood boiled. They wanted – blood! How many teachers at Covington know Mel Gibson is a radical Catholic?

John Presco

According to the Catholic website, Gibson’s film is important in that it taught the whole world the story of the Scottish leader who led his fellow nationals in the rebellion against English occupation. However, it missed out one fundamental fact about the figure of Braveheart: his Catholic faith.

Since his birth in 1270, the young nobleman, Wallace, received a Catholic education. His career…

View original post 431 more words

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Blondeel and the Beligiam 5th. SAS

I have a candidate for Ian Fleming’s James Bond. Eddy Blondeel exceeds all qualifications, and performed miracles in bringing woe to the Nazis. He trained the Belgium Secret Air Services at Loudoun castle. I suspect Fleming could not mention Blondeel (Bondeel) because the Belgium 5th. continued operating after the war.

John Presco

Lieutenant-Colonel Dr. (Dent.) Edouard “Eddy” Blondeel DSO (25 January 1906 – 23 May 2000) was the wartime commander of the Belgian 5th SAS. After the war he was first C.O. of the 1st Regiment of Parachutists. He retired from the army in 1947 to work as an engineer with Wiggins Teape.[1]


During World War II, the grounds just to the south of the castle, a tree lined avenue, were used to house a small military camp which contained about 20 Nissen huts, reportedly used for training by the SAS (Special Air Service).

regiment of the British Army

The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army. The SAS was founded in 1941 as a regiment, and later reconstituted as a corps in 1950. The unit undertakes a number of roles including covert reconnaissance, counter-terrorism, direct action and hostage rescue. Much of the information and actions regarding the SAS is highly classified, and is not commented on by the British government or the Ministry of Defence due to the sensitivity of their operations.

Another nice little piece 1994 the Belgian S.A.S. veteran Paratroopers, who trained at Loudoun Castle in 1944, gifted a sum of money with the proviso that a plaque be displayed on the wall of Loudoun Kirk bearing the words “In memory of all members of the Belgian Special Air Service Regiment who under the command of Colonel E. Blondeel, D.S.O. were stationed at Loudoun Castle during 1944 and who wish to express their gratitude for the hospitality and friendship extended to them by the Loudoun Family and the people of Scotland. November 27th, 1994”.

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The Rose of Wallace

Tonight, on Saint Patty’s Day, I called up my friend Ed Corbin, and told him we are related. I read him a part of Bind Harry’s poem;

“Nor will I here his mother’s kindred hide: She was a lady most complete and bright, The daughter of that honorable knight, Sir Ranald Crawford, high sheriff of Ayr, Who fondly doted on his charming fair. Soon wedded was the lovely blooming she, To Malcolm Wallace then of Ellerslie; Which am’rous pair, transported with delight, Begot young Malcolm that same joyful night. …”

“What is the source of your middle name, Malcom?” I asked my old friend.

“I believe you just read it. My father’ s middle name is Wallace.”

Edward Malcom Corbin had told me he descends from William Wallace.  He has treated me like family since we met in 1997. He encouraged his three sons to treat me as family – and their wives! Ed has five grandchildren who are in my family rosy tree. That a rose can be attached to Wallace, via the marriage of my great grandfather, Robert Rose to Johanna Crawford, is a profound addition to the legends of the Scot-Irish.

The Crawfords lived in Loudoun Castle that burned down in 1941 while it was being used as a training ground for Belgium Commandos who were attached to Secret Air Services that is associated with my kin, Ian Flemming. Last night I watched ‘In Her Majesties Secret Service for the first time. This is the real deal. I am going to design a cote of arms for this Rose-Crawford linage.

Two day ago, I found a song about Crawford’s Defeat. I am still trying to find the link. I did find Captain Ezekiel Rose, who is mentioned in this song.

I feel my grandfather, Royal Rosamond, has been reaching out to me since I was born. We never met. He wanted to get his history to me. Together, we have raised our family from the ashes of despair. Side by side, we march our destiny into………legend!

John Presco

President: Royal Rosamond Press

Allan, William; Blind Harry, Reciting the Deeds of Wallace; Paisley Art Institute Collection, held by Paisley Museum and Art Galleries;


Sir William Wallace of Elderslie, Kt. MP

Gender: Male
Birth: January 1272
Elderslie, Paisley Parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death: August 23, 1305 (33)
The Elms at Smithfield, London, Middlesex, England (Hanged, disemboweled, beheaded (drawn & quartered))
Place of Burial: Old Machar Churchyard, Aberdeen City, Scotland, United Kingdom
Immediate Family: Son of Sir Malcolm Wallace, Laird of Elderslie and Margaret Crawford
Husband of Marion Braidfute of Lamington
Father of Elizabeth Wallace, Heiress of Lamington
Brother of Malcolm Wallace and John Wallace

Johanna Rose (Crawford)

Gender: Female
Birth: 1729
Pennsylvania, United States
Death: 1788 (59)
Immediate Family: Daughter of Colonel John A Crawford, II and Mary Jameson Crawford
Wife of Robert Rose
Mother of Abigail Rose; John David Rose; Robert Rose, JR.; Rachel Rose and Tychius Rose
Sister of Mary Jackson; James Crawford; John Crawford and Mary McBride

Malcolm Wallace of Elderslie MP

Gender: Male
Birth: 1249
Elderslie Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death: August 23, 1305 (56)
Loudoun Hill, Ayrshire, Scotland (killed in Battle of Loudoun Hill)
Immediate Family: Son of Adam Wallace, Laird of Riccarton and Kyle and Euphemia Stewart
Husband of Margaret Crawford
Father of Malcolm Wallace; Sir William Wallace of Elderslie, Kt. and John Wallace
Brother of Adam Wallace, Laird of Riccarton and Kyle
Half brother of Patrick, 6th/7th Earl of Dunbar; Thomas Dunbar; Ada Dunbar; Lady Graham; Agnes Dunbar and 4 others

Margaret Crawford MP

Gender: Female
Birth: 1251
Loudoun, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death: after September 1291
Loudoun Hill, East Ayrshire, Scotland (born, died in Loudoun, Ayrshire. Stupid program won’t allow for that place!)
Immediate Family: Daughter of Hugh Crawford of Loudoun & Crosbie, 2nd Sheriff of Ayr and Alicia de Dalsallock
Wife of Sir Malcolm Wallace, Laird of Elderslie
Mother of Malcolm Wallace; Sir William Wallace of Elderslie, Kt. and John Wallace
Sister of Sir Reginald Crawford of Loudon
Added by: Peter Jonathan Wallace on September 13, 2007
Managed by: Jeffrey Phillips and 40 others
Curated by:


In Blind Harry’s poem she is described:

“Nor will I here his mother’s kindred hide: She was a lady most complete and bright, The daughter of that honorable knight, Sir Ranald Crawford, high sheriff of Ayr, Who fondly doted on his charming fair. Soon wedded was the lovely blooming she, To Malcolm Wallace then of Ellerslie; Which am’rous pair, transported with delight, Begot young Malcolm that same joyful night. …”

She was born ABT in Lamington, Ayrshire, Scotland, and died MAY 1297 in Executed by William Hezelrig, the Sheriff of Lanark. ——————————————————————–

Hugh de Craufurd (1221) of Loudoun, and left issue Margaret, who married Sir Malcolm Wallace of Ellersley, and was mother of the immortal patriot Sir William Wallace.

Source: ——

Robert ROSE
Husband:  Robert ROSE
Birthdate:  ca. 1731
Birthplaces:  Bedford Co., PA; Long Island, Suffolk Co., NY; Hunterdon Co., NJ
Deathdate:  1784; bef. 14 Apr 1788
Deathplaces:  Sleepy Creek, Frederick (sic) Co., WV; Westmoreland Co., PA; Fayette Co., PASecondary sources disagree as to his birth/death locations.  Note also that Sleepy Creek is in Morgan Co., WV, and that Frederick Co. is in VA.
Some secondary sources give our subject these parents:Father:  William ROSE (1680- ) of England and Philadelphia, s/o Sir Hill ROSE (c1650-1720) of Liverpool, England
Mother:  Jane __?__
Migration:  arrived Philadelphia 3 Dec 1699 on the ship, Canterbury, Capt. Fryers, master
Wife:  Johanna / Johannah / Hannah CRAWFORD
Father said to be:  John CRAWFORD (c1687-1746/48) of Ayrshire, SCT
Mother said to be:  Mary __?__ [some say McCONNELL, some say CAMPBELL]
1.  (Capt.) Ezekiel ROSE, b. 1735 (sic); d. bef. 25 May 1818, Newton Twp., Muskingum Co., OH; m1. Mary HYNES/HINDS; m2. Mary McConnell MILIKEN; m3. Mary HIGGINS/HIGKINS
2.  (Major) John ROSE, b. 1747; m. Hannah ADDELMAN
3.  Tychicus ROSE, b. 1749; d. aft. 21 Jan 1793; m. Catherine Wise HORN (-1803)
4.  Rachel ROSE, b. 17 Jun 1751; d. 15 Aug 1832, OH; m. Joseph FRIEND (1741-1806)
5.  William ROSE, b. 1753
6.  Isaac ROSE, b. 1755; d. 1832; m. Margaret LYDA
7.  Abigail ROSE, b. 27 Nov 1757/8; d. 1 Aug 1825/6, OH; m1. Nathan PRIOR (1861-1792); m2. Jacob E. ECKELBERRY (1775-1862)
8.  Robert ROSE, b. ca. 1770

Blind Harry claimed his work was based on a book by Father John Blair, Wallace’s boyhood friend and personal chaplain. This book has not been seen in modern times and may never have existed; the poet’s attribution of his story to a written text may have been a literary device; many contemporary critics believe that Acts and Deeds is based on oral history and the national traditions of Blind Harry’s homeland.

Most historians nowadays regard Acts and Deeds as a versified historical novel, written at a time of strong anti-English sentiment in Scotland. At twelve volumes, the work is also doubted to be solely his work. Elspeth King maintained that despite any inaccuracies, Harry’s patriotic and nationalistic portrayal was to ensure Wallace’s continuing reputation as a hero. Robert Burns acknowledged his debt to Harry, paraphrasing the following lines from Harry’s Wallace in his own poem Robert Bruce’s Address to his Army at Bannockburn (Scots, wha hae wi’ Wallace bled):

A false usurper sinks in every foe
And liberty returns with every blow

which Burns described as “a couplet worthy of Homer“.

Clan Crawford is a lowland Scottish clan of Scandinavian and Anglo-English origin.[1][2] Since the early 18th century an erroneous belief was held by some historians that the clan had Norman origins, but this belief has been shown to be false and based on spurious comparisons of the arms of Crawford with those of the Earl of Richmond. While historically recognised as a clan by the Court of the Lord Lyon, it is now an armigerous clan as it no longer has a chief. The last chief was Hugh Ronald George Craufurd, who sold his land (Auchenames, Crosbie and other estates) and moved to Canada in 1904. He died in Calgary in 1942, leaving no male heirs.[2]


Origins of the clan[edit]

Legendary origins[edit]

The surname of Crawford comes from the barony of Crawford, adopted around 1125 when Norman knights who came with King David I when he returned to Scotland to assume the throne and instituted Norman feudalism.[2] The name is taken from the barony of the same name in Lanarkshire.[2] The early names of all of the principal Crawford families are all Norman, however some scholars have asserted an Anglo-Danish ancestry.[2] There is a tradition that Reginald, who was a son of the Earl of Richmond was one of the Norman knights who were established by David I of Scotland.[2] The Crawfords appear in a legendary incident when the king’s life was saved from a stag and this led to the foundation of Holyrood Abbey.[2] It is said that Sir Gregan Crawford was instrumental in saving his royal master’s life.[2]

Recorded origins[edit]

Sir Reginald Crawford was appointed sheriff of Ayr in 1296.[2] His sister married Wallace of Elderslie and was mother of the Scottish patriot William Wallace.[2] (If going by the traditional origin of William Wallace as son of Malcolm Wallace of Elderslie). The Crawfords rallied to their Wallace cousin during the Wars of Scottish Independence.[2] The family of the Crawford sheriff of Ayr produced the main branches of the clan: the Crawfords of Auchinames and the Crawfords of Craufurdland.[2] The chiefly line is reckoned to be that of Auchinames in Renfrewshire who received a grant for their lands from Robert the Bruce in 1320.[2]

15th, 16th and 17th centuries[edit]

Sir William Crawford was knighted by James I of Scotland and fought with the Scots forces in the service of Charles VII of France.[2] In 1423 he was wounded at the siege of Creyult in Burgundy.[2] John of the Craufurdland branch of the clan was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, as were the Lairds of Auchinames.[2] A generation later the Laird of Auchinames was killed at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547.[2] Thomas Crawford of Jordanhill also fought at the Battle of Pinkie but was captured and later ransomed.[2] In 1569 he became a member of the household of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley when Darnley married Mary, Queen of Scots.[2] Crawford denounced both Maitland of Letherington and Sir James Balfour as being conspirators in the murder of Darnley, however he did not sympathise with the deposed queen and in 1570 actually captured Dumbarton Castle from her forces with just one hundred and fifty men.[2]

In the seventeenth century Craufurdland Castle was much extended by the sixteenth Laird.[2]

18th century and Jacobite risings[edit]

John Walkinshaw Crawford, the twentieth Laird was a distinguished soldier who joined the army at an early age and rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.[2] He fought in the victory at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743 against the French.[2] Two years later he also distinguished himself at the Battle of Fontenoy.[2] However despite his faithful service to the house of Hanover, during the Jacobite rising of 1745, he was also a faithful friend of the Jacobite Earl of Kilmarnock (chief of Clan Boyd).[2] In a last act of comradeship he followed Kilmarnock to the scaffold where he received the earl’s severed head and attended to the solemnities of his funeral.[2] As a result his name was placed at the bottom of the army list, although he was restored in 1761 and appointed falconer to the king.[2] He died in 1793 and left his entire estates to Sir Thomas Coutts.[2] However this was contested by Elizabeth Craufurd, who eventually won her case in the House of Lords in 1806.[2] This branch of the clan united the families of Houison and Craufurd and they still live at Craufurdland.[2]

Later clansmen[edit]

Sir Alexander Craufurd of Kilbirnie was created baronet in 1781 and his son, Robert Craufurd, commanded the Light Division in the Peninsular War.[2] He died in 1812 leading his troops in an assault on the fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo.[2] A monument was erected to him in St Paul’s Cathedral, London.[2] Hugh Crawford, the twenty-first Laird of Auchinames, emigrated to Canada having sold the ancient clan lands in the early twentieth century.[2]

Clan castles[edit]

Castles that have been owned by the Clan Crawford include amongst many others:

Clan symbolism[edit]

Crawford tartan

The modern crest badge of a member of Clan Crawford contains the crest: a stag’s head erased Gules, between the attires a cross crosslet fitchée Sable.[4] Encircling the crest on the crest badge is a strap and buckle engraved with the motto: TUTUM TE ROBORE REDDAM which translates from Latin as “I will give you safety through strength”.[1] The Crawford tartan is of relatively modern origin, and it is certain that there was no Crawford tartan in around 1739. The first record of a Crawford tartan is that of the “Crawfovrd” which appeared in the Vestiarium Scoticum of 1842. This is the Crawford tartan used today. The Vestiarium was the work of the Sobieski Stuarts whose influential book purported to be a reproduction of an ancient manuscript about clan tartans. Today many clan tartans are derived from the Vestiarium.[5]

An unusual death[edit]

John Craufurd of Craufurdland died in 1612, aged only 21, from an injury received at football. His widow married Sir David Barclay of Ladyland in the Parish of Kilbirnie, Ayrshire.[6]

Johanna Margaret Rose formerly Crawford
Born about in Pennsylvania, Somerset, Pennsylvaniamap
Wife of Robert Rose — married in Baltimore, Marylandmap

Descendants descendants

Died in Sleepy Creek, Morgan, Virginia, USAmap
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Sally Hull

Genealogy Tree

The Rev. Joseph Hull was born in 1596 in Crewkerne, Somersetshire, England. He was educated at St. Mary’s Hall, Oxford, receiving his B. A. Degree.

Here is the possible line to Commodore Isaac Hull who may be my great uncle and not my great grandfather.

John Presco


Edward Haney Rose


Sheldon RoseIda Louisiana Rosamond (born Rose),Wesley RoseBertha Jane Meredith (born Rose),Marcus C RoseAlbert Edward RoseCharles W. Rose,Laura Rose


Nancy Kimball (born Westbrook)Martha Or Henrietta WestbrookJohn Hull WestbrookHenrietta Westbrook,Euphemia Peer (born Westbrook)Ebeneser Wesbrook,Oliver WestbrookHannah Jane Comstock (born Westbrook)William Thorn WestbrookAndrew Hull Westbrook

Sally Hull
Sally Hull
Birth   •   0 Sources
Brantford, Brant, Ontario, Canada
Age 40
Death   •   0 Sources
Michigan Territory, United States
No Image Available

Sarah Westbrook in entry for Oliver Westbrook, “Michigan Deaths and Burials, 1800-1995”
Family Members
Andrew Westbrook
Andrew Westbrook
Marriage: October 8, 1796
New Jersey, United States
Sally Hull
Sally Hull
Children (5)
Andrew Hull Westbrook
Andrew Hull Westbrook
Ebenezer Wesbrook
Ebenezer Wesbrook
John Hull Westbrook
John Hull Westbrook
Oliver Westbrook
Oliver Westbrook
Martha Westbrook

WESTBROOK, ANDREW, businessman and office holder; b. 1771 in Massachusetts, son of Anthony Westbrook and Sarah Decker; m. four times, to Sally Hull, Nancy Thorn, Margaret Ann Crawford, and a woman whose name has not been determined; he had at least 14 children; d. 1835 in St Clair County, Mich.

Shortly before the American Revolutionary War, Anthony Westbrook moved with his family from the Minisink (Port Jervis) region of New York state to Massachusetts. During the war Anthony, alone of his family, took the loyalist side. He fought under Joseph Brant [Thayendanegea*] and for this service received two tracts of land along the La Tranche (Thames) River in Upper Canada. Although the story is confusing, it appears that Anthony brought his family to Upper Canada at the close of the war and settled, not on his lands along the La Tranche, but on the banks of the Grand River. Andrew inherited his father’s land by the Thames, and he seems to have moved there after Ebenezer Allan* established the Delaware settlement in 1794. Adding to this land through government grants and business arrangements, Andrew owned more than 4,000 acres at the outbreak of the War of 1812. On a tract in Delaware Township he had built a comfortable house as well as a distillery, barn, storehouse, sawmill, and grist-mill. His status in the community was reflected in his appointment as township constable in 1805.

Westbrook’s life in Upper Canada was not without its problems, however. As a merchant he suffered from the commercial depression which began with a severe fall in prices in 1810. As a land speculator, he quarrelled with the government’s restrictive immigration policy, and, in particular, with the despotic powers wielded by the government’s chief representative in the area, Colonel Thomas Talbot*. It is likely that the frustrations Westbrook encountered were the determining factors in his decision to change sides during the War of 1812. In mid July 1812 an American army under Brigadier-General William Hull crossed the Detroit River into Upper Canada. Daniel Springer of Delaware, who had been appointed a magistrate by Talbot, reported to Major-General Isaac Brock* that Westbrook had helped circulate Hull’s proclamation urging the local inhabitants to surrender. Springer also noted that Ebenezer Allan and Simon Zelotes Watson, two of Westbrook’s friends and, like him, enemies of Talbot, were actively supporting the American cause.

Disaffection was rife in the southwestern part of the province and, in the atmosphere of alarm felt by the civil and military authorities, dissidents were easily suspected and arbitrarily imprisoned. The evidence is inconclusive as to whether Westbrook distributed Hull’s proclamation or was just suspected of doing so. However, he certainly helped draw up a petition to Hull in which the signatories promised not to resist the invaders if their properties were spared. He met with Hull at Fort Detroit in early August and returned to Delaware to spy for the Americans. Captured by the militia in October, he escaped to join the American forces under Lieutenant-Colonel George Croghan as a spy. After the defeat of the British at the battle of Moraviantown in October 1813, he served as a guide to parties of Michigan Rangers who raided the vulnerable settlements along the Thames River and Lake Erie.

Powerfully built, 6 feet 2 inches tall, and red-haired, Westbrook struck terror into the hearts of Canadian settlers in 1814 when only the militia was available to defend them against marauders. On 31 Jan. 1814 Westbrook’s band raided Delaware and captured officers and men of the Middlesex County militia, including Daniel Springer and Colonel François Baby*. Westbrook then burned his own house, buildings, and corn and guided his family to the American border. On another raid in the spring of 1814, this time on the village of Oxford (Oxford Centre), Westbrook captured an old rival, Sikes Tousley. He took Tousley from his bed at gunpoint and led him to the American lines, although not before Tousley had bayoneted him in the thigh in an unguarded moment.

The raids on Port Talbot were particularly damaging. On 16 August Westbrook just missed seizing Colonel Talbot, who escaped through a back window of his home. His practice of carrying off high-ranking officers made trouble for his Upper Canadian pursuers who, on one occasion, mistakenly shot a prisoner mounted on Westbrook’s horse. He destroyed mills and plunged the areas he burned and pillaged into great hardship.

In 1815 Westbrook purchased a farm and lands on the St Clair River above Marine City in St Clair County, Mich. Governor Lewis Cass appointed him the first supervisor of highways in 1817 and one of the first three county commissioners in 1821. In 1828 the American Congress, in recognition of his war services, granted him two tracts of land, the larger being in Clay Township, Mich. A good description of Westbrook during his years in Michigan is provided by one American government official who wrote: “He has a quick-moving, and intelligent eye. . . . He has no education, yet he talks well, and is precise, and graphic in his descriptions . . . . If he once resolves upon the accomplishment of any object, he is sure to realize it. The means are mere materials to be judged of by his conceptions of Right; and these are generally made to obey the impulses of the moment, come from what quarter, or involve what consequences they may.”

In Upper Canada, Westbrook had been indicted for treason at Ancaster in May 1814. The Court of Quarter Sessions of the Niagara District declared him an outlaw in 1816. A crown commission of Thomas Talbot and Robert Nichol, charged to look into the extent of Westbrook’s lands in the province, determined that he owned about 4,040 acres. Petitions to buy the land came in from former neighbours. In 1823 a sale of Westbrook’s “land, premises and appurtenances” in Delaware Township was made to Daniel Springer.

Westbrook is the hero of John Richardson*’s novel Westbrook, the outlaw; or, the avenging wolf. Richardson skilfully draws a connection between Westbrook’s status as a “yeoman” – a term that is used in the 1823 registration of sale of his lands – and the fictional character’s resentment of government favours shown to Captain Stringer, a member of the landed gentry. In Michigan, the real Westbrook found no hindrance to his progress, social as well as material. He liked to be referred to as Baron Steuben, a role that he played with “certain amiable eccentricities.”

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