The Boy Jesus IN the Temple

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I first read the Bible when I was forty. This STORY has always confounded me. It makes no sense. Why all this detail – that goes nowhere? How could Jesus parents not notice their son – IS GONE – after a day of traveling? Were Joseph and May a part of a LARGE GROUP? Yes! Jesus and his parents are going to make a Passover Sacrifice in one of three groups, then leave for home to eat the sacrifice. Twelve year old Jesus gets into a discussion with a group of elders. Was there a Rabbi amongst them? How about a Scribe who knew his Torah? Did Jesus – correct a Scribe – about the Passover Ritual? If so, who TAUGHT Jesus the Torah? Did Joseph? How about Zachariah, the father of John the Baptist? If so, then John could have astounded the elders with his knowledge – and ANSWER THEIR QUESTIONS! Did a twelve year old John make a Passover Sacrifice – before Jesus did? Were these alleged cousins – experts of THE LAW – that Paul does away with? Paul fights with the Judaizers. Did Paul say this;

13 “But woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You turn the key of the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. For you do not go in yourselves, nor yet allow those who try to go in to do so. 14 Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You destroy widow’s houses, even while pretending to make long prayers; therefore you shall receive greater condemnation.”1

Mary and Joseph did “understand” that their son had found a Rabbi-Teacher who was going to prepare him to – BECOME A RABBI.

“Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house?”[a] 50 But they did not understand what he was saying to them.

One theory – I own -is that Jesus and family were in the third group, and Jesus passed a test to be admitted in the first group – that were admitted onto the Temple grounds, and the door shut. This when Joseph and Mary could not find Jesus. “Father” means Rabbi. It looks like Jesus was recognized as a novice Rabbi, a title he is called many times. I suspect Paul was favored by the Herodians, whose Temple was being rejected – BY CONSERVATIVE JEWS – after Roman Citizens wanted in, including Caligula. Jesus must have been an ultra-conservative who had access to ALTERED TEACHINGS, that were made more liberal to accommodate Greeks and Romans – and European Pagans – who came to the Temple to worship before Paul was born? I doubt the tales of Paul sailing to foreign lands.

Happy Hanukkah

John ‘The Nazarite’

https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Rabbi

The Boy Jesus at the Temple

41 Every year Jesus’ parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover. 42 When he was twelve years old, they went up to the festival, according to the custom. 43 After the festival was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it. 44 Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends. 45 When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. 46 After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47 Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48 When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.”

49 “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house?”[a] 50 But they did not understand what he was saying to them.

51 Then he went down to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them. But his mother treasured all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.

The Home Ceremony.

The first group stationed itself on the mount of the Temple, the second group in the “ḥel,” the space between the Temple wall and the Temple hall, while the third group remained in the Temple court, thus awaiting the evening, when they took their lambs home and roasted them on a spit of pomegranate-wood. No bones might be broken either during the cooking or during the eating. The lamb was set on the table at the evening banquet (see Seder), and was eaten by the assembled company after all had satisfied their appetites with the ḥagigah or other food. The sacrifice had to be consumed entirely that same evening, nothing being allowed to remain overnight. While eating it, the entire company of those who partook was obliged to remain together, and every participant had to take a piece of the lamb at least as large as an olive. Women and girls also might take part in the banquet and eat of the sacrifice.

The fact that the paschal lamb might be killed only at the central sanctuary of Jerusalem, on the other hand, implies that each household was but a member of the larger community; and this is indicated also by the national character of the sacrifice, which kept alive in the memory of the nation the preservation and liberation of the entire people.

PASSOVER SACRIFICE (Hebrew, “zebaḥ Pesaḥ”; lit. “sacrifice of exemption”):

By: Executive Committee of the Editorial Board.Jacob Zallel Lauterbach

Table of Contents

The sacrifice which the Israelites offered at the command of God during the night before the Exodus from Egypt, and which they ate with special ceremonies according to divine direction. The blood of this sacrifice sprinkled on the door-posts of the Israelites was to be a sign to the angel of death, when passing through the land to slay the first-born of the Egyptians that night, that he should pass by the houses of the Israelites (Ex. xii. 1-23). This is called in the Mishnah the “Egyptian Passover sacrifice” (“Pesaḥ Miẓrayim”; Pes. ix. 5). It was ordained, furthermore (Ex. xii. 24-27), that this observance should be repeated annually for all time. This so-called “Pesaḥ Dorot,” the Passover of succeeding generations (Pes. l.c.), differs in many respects from the Pesaḥ Miẓrayim. In the pre-exilic period, however, Pesaḥ was rarely sacrificed in accordance with the legal prescriptions (comp. II Chron. xxxv. 18); but it was regularly offered during the time of the Second Temple, and there was a definite ritual for it, in addition to the regulations prescribed by the Law. The following is a brief summary of the principal ordinances and of the ritual accompanying the sacrifice:The Sacrifice.

The sacrificial animal, which was either a lamb or kid, was necessarily a male, one year old, and without blemish. Each family or society offered one victim together, which did not require the “semikah” (laying on of hands), although it was obligatory to determine who were to take part in the sacrifice that the killing might take place with the proper intentions. Only those who were circumcised and clean before the Law might participate; and they were forbidden to have leavened food in their possession during the act of killing the paschal lamb. The animal was slain on the eve of the Passover, on the afternoon of the 14th of Nisan, after the Tamid sacrifice had been killed, i.e., at three o’clock, or, in case the eve of the Passover fell on Friday, at two. The killing took place in the court of the Temple, and might be performed by a layman, although the blood had to be caught by a priest, and rows of priests with gold or silver cups in their hands stood in line from the Temple court to the altar, where the blood was sprinkled. These cups were rounded on the bottom, so that they could not be set down; for in that case the blood might coagulate. The priest who caught the blood as it dropped from the victim then handed the cup to the priest next to him, receiving from him an empty one, and the full cup was passed along the line until it reached the last priest, who sprinkled its contents on the altar. The lamb was then hung upon special hooks or sticks and skinned; but if the eve of the Passover fell on a Sabbath, the skin was removed down to the breast only. The abdomen was then cut open, and the fatty portions intended for the altar were taken out, placed in a vessel, salted, and offered by the priest on the altar, while the remaining entrails likewise were taken out and cleansed.On Sabbath Eve.

Even if the eve of the Passover fell on a Sabbath, the paschal lamb was killed in the manner described above, the blood was sprinkled on the altar, the entrails removed and cleansed, and the fat offered on the altar; for these four ceremonies in the case of the paschal lamb, and these alone, were exempt from the prohibition against working on the Sabbath. This regulation, that the Sabbath yielded the precedence to the Passover, was not definitely determined until the time of Hillel, who established it as a law and was in return elevated to the dignity of nasi by the Bene Bathyra (Pes. 68a).The Three Groups of Laity.

The people taking part in the sacrifice were divided into three groups. The first of these filled the court of the Temple, so that the gates had to be closed, and while they were killing and offering their paschal lambs the Levites on the platform (“dukan”) recited the “Hallel” (Ps. cxiii.-cxviii.), accompanied by instruments of brass. If the Levites finished their recitation before the priests had completed the sacrifice, they repeated the “Hallel,” although it never happened that they had to repeat it twice. As soon as the first group had offered their sacrifice, the gates were opened to let them out, and their places were taken by the second and third groups successively. All three groups offered their sacrifice in the manner described, while the “Hallel” was recited; but the third group was so small that it had always finished before the Levites reached Ps. cxvi. It was called the “group of the lazy” because it came last. Even if the majority of the people were ritually uncleanon the eve of the Passover, the sacrifice was offered on the 14th of Nisan. Other sacrifices, on the contrary, called “ḥagigah,” which were offered together with the paschal lamb, were omitted if the eve of the Passover fell on a Sabbath, or if the sacrifice was offered in a state of uncleanness, or if the number of participants was so small that they could not consume all the meat. When the sacrifice was completed and the victim was ready for roasting, each one present carried his lamb home, except when the eve of the Passover fell on a Sabbath, in which case it might not be taken away.The Home Ceremony.

The first group stationed itself on the mount of the Temple, the second group in the “ḥel,” the space between the Temple wall and the Temple hall, while the third group remained in the Temple court, thus awaiting the evening, when they took their lambs home and roasted them on a spit of pomegranate-wood. No bones might be broken either during the cooking or during the eating. The lamb was set on the table at the evening banquet (see Seder), and was eaten by the assembled company after all had satisfied their appetites with the ḥagigah or other food. The sacrifice had to be consumed entirely that same evening, nothing being allowed to remain overnight. While eating it, the entire company of those who partook was obliged to remain together, and every participant had to take a piece of the lamb at least as large as an olive. Women and girls also might take part in the banquet and eat of the sacrifice. The following benediction was pronounced before eating the lamb: “Blessed be Thou, the Eternal, our God, the King of the world, who hast sanctified us by Thy commands, and hast ordained that we should eat the Passover.” The “Hallel” was recited during the meal, and when the lamb had been eaten the meaning of the custom was explained, and the story of the Exodus was told (see Seder).

The paschal sacrifice belongs to the “shelamim,” thus forming one of the sacrifices in which the meal is the principal part and indicates the community between God and man. It is really a house or family sacrifice, and each household is regarded as constituting a small community in itself, not only because the lamb is eaten at home, but also because every member of the family is obliged to partake of the meal, on pain of excommunication (“karet”), although each man must be circumcised and all must be ritually clean. The fact that the paschal lamb might be killed only at the central sanctuary of Jerusalem, on the other hand, implies that each household was but a member of the larger community; and this is indicated also by the national character of the sacrifice, which kept alive in the memory of the nation the preservation and liberation of the entire people.

16 Bible Verses about Rabbi

‹›
Most Relevant Verses
John 3:26
Verse Concepts
And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified, behold, He is baptizing and all are coming to Him.”

John 1:38
Verse Concepts
And Jesus turned and saw them following, and *said to them, “What do you seek?” They said to Him, “Rabbi (which translated means Teacher), where are You staying?”

John 4:31
Verse Concepts
Meanwhile the disciples were urging Him, saying, “Rabbi, eat.”

John 6:25
Verse Concepts
When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “Rabbi, when did You get here?”

John 9:2
Verse Concepts
And His disciples asked Him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he would be born blind?”

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John 11:8
Verse Concepts
The disciples *said to Him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone You, and are You going there again?”

Mark 9:5
Verse Concepts
Peter *said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; let us make three tabernacles, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

Mark 11:21
Verse Concepts
Being reminded, Peter *said to Him, “Rabbi, look, the fig tree which You cursed has withered.”

John 1:49
Verse Concepts
Nathanael answered Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel.”

John 3:2
Verse Concepts
this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”

Matthew 26:25
Verse Concepts
And Judas, who was betraying Him, said, “Surely it is not I, Rabbi?” Jesus *said to him, “You have said it yourself.”

Matthew 26:49
Verse Concepts
Immediately Judas went to Jesus and said, “Hail, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.

Mark 14:45
Verse Concepts
After coming, Judas immediately went to Him, saying, “Rabbi!” and kissed Him.

Mark 10:51
Verse Concepts
And answering him, Jesus said, “What do you want Me to do for you?” And the blind man said to Him, “Rabboni, I want to regain my sight!”

John 20:16
Verse Concepts
Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher).

Matthew 23:7-8
and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called Rabbi by men. But do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

From Thematic Bible
Rabbi » Rv,
Rabbi » Jesus called “rabboni,”
Rabbi » Used in addressing jesus
Rabbi » The title of a jewish teacher
Rabbi » Used in addressing john the baptist
Rabbi » Forbidden by jesus as a title to his disciples
Rabbi » Ostentatiously used by the pharisees
Rabbi » Rv,
Mark 14:45
Verse Concepts
After coming, Judas immediately went to Him, saying, “Rabbi!” and kissed Him.

John 4:31
Verse Concepts
Meanwhile the disciples were urging Him, saying, “Rabbi, eat.”

Matthew 26:49
Verse Concepts
Immediately Judas went to Jesus and said, “Hail, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.

Matthew 26:25
Verse Concepts
And Judas, who was betraying Him, said, “Surely it is not I, Rabbi?” Jesus *said to him, “You have said it yourself.”

Mark 11:21
Verse Concepts
Being reminded, Peter *said to Him, “Rabbi, look, the fig tree which You cursed has withered.”

More verses: Mark 9:5 John 9:2 John 11:8
Rabbi » Jesus called “rabboni,”
Mark 10:51
Verse Concepts
And answering him, Jesus said, “What do you want Me to do for you?” And the blind man said to Him, “Rabboni, I want to regain my sight!”

John 20:16
Verse Concepts
Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher).

Rabbi » Used in addressing jesus
John 3:2
Verse Concepts
this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”

John 1:49
Verse Concepts
Nathanael answered Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel.”

John 1:38
Verse Concepts
And Jesus turned and saw them following, and *said to them, “What do you seek?” They said to Him, “Rabbi (which translated means Teacher), where are You staying?”

John 6:25
Verse Concepts
When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “Rabbi, when did You get here?”

Rabbi » The title of a jewish teacher
John 3:2
Verse Concepts
this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”

Matthew 23:7-8
and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called Rabbi by men. “But do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

Rabbi » Used in addressing john the baptist
John 3:26
Verse Concepts
And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified, behold, He is baptizing and all are coming to Him.”

Rabbi » Forbidden by jesus as a title to his disciples
Matthew 23:8
Verse Concepts
But do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.

Rabbi » Ostentatiously used by the pharisees
Matthew 23:7
Verse Concepts
and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called Rabbi by men.

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Rabbi

MATTHEW 23 – JESUS CALLED THEM HYPOCRITES – THE GOSPELS

Read Gospel of Matthew Text

Then Jesus speaking to the crowds and to his disciples, said: 2 “The teachers of the law and the Pharisees now occupy the chair of Moses. 3 Therefore practice and lay to heart everything that they preach but do not copy their works, for they do not follow what they preach. 4 While they make up heavy loads and pile them on other men’s shoulder’s they decline, themselves, to lift a finger to move them. 5 All their actions are done to attract attention. They widen their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and like to have the place of honor at dinner, and the best seats in the synagogues, 7 and to be greeted in the markets with respect, and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by everybody.”

8 “But do not allow yourselves to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have only one Master, Christ, and all you are brothers and sisters. 9 And do not call anyone on earth your father, for one is your Father, which is in heaven. 10 Nor must you allow yourselves to be called ‘leaders,’ for you have only one leader, the Christ. 11 Those who would be the greatest among you must be your servant. 12 Whoever shall exalt themselves will be humbled, and whoever shall humble themselves will be exalted.”

13 “But woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You turn the key of the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. For you do not go in yourselves, nor yet allow those who try to go in to do so. 14 Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You destroy widow’s houses, even while pretending to make long prayers; therefore you shall receive greater condemnation.”1

15 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You scour land and sea to make a single convert, and, when he or she is gained, you make them twice as deserving of the pit as you are yourselves. 16 Woe to you, you blind guides! You say, ‘if any swear by the temple, it counts for nothing; but, if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, their oaths are binding’! 17 Fools that you are and blind! Which is the more important? The gold? Or the temple which has given sacredness to the gold?”

18 “You say, too, ‘If any swear by the altar, their oaths count for nothing, but, if anyone swears by the offering placed on it, their oaths are binding’! 19 Blind indeed! Which is the more important? The offering? Or the altar which gives sacredness to the offering? 20 Therefore anyone, swearing by the altar, swears by it and by all that is on it, 21 And anyone, swearing by the temple, swears by it and by him who dwells in it, 22 While anyone, swearing by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who sits upon it.”

23 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You pay tithes on mint, fennel, and caraway seed, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and good faith. These last you ought to have put into practice, without neglecting the first. 24 You blind guides, to strain out a gnat and to swallow a camel! 25 Woe to you, teachers of law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside they are filled with the results of greed and self-indulgence. 26 You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and the dish, so that the outside may become clean as well.”

27 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You are like whitewashed tombs, which indeed look fair outside, while inside they are filled with dead men’s bones and all kinds of filth. 28 It is the same with you. Outwardly, and to others, you have the look of religious men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and sin.”

29 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You build the tombs of the prophets, and decorate the monuments of religious men, 30 and say: ‘Had we been living in the days of our ancestors, we would not have taken part in their murder of the prophets! 31 By doing this you are furnishing evidence against yourselves that you are true children of the men who murdered the prophets. 32 Thus you fill up the measure of your ancestor’s guilt.”

33 “You serpents and brood of vipers! How can you escape being sentenced to the pit? 34 That is why I send you prophets, wise men, and teachers of the law, some of whom you will crucify and kill, and some of whom you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from town to town; 35 In order that upon your heads may fall every drop of innocent ‘blood split on earth,’ from the blood of innocent Abel down to that of Zechariah, Barachiah’s son, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 All this, I tell you, will come home to the present generation.”

37 “Jerusalem! Jerusalem! She who slays the prophets and stones the messengers sent to her—oh how often have I wished to gather your children round me, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not come! 38 Verily, your house is left to you desolate! 39 For nevermore, I tell you, shall you see me, until you say: ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’”

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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