Prussian Colony In California

Eureka! Mexico was going to sell California to Prussia for $6 million dollars. Carl Janke, brought six portable houses around the Cape in 1848 – before the Gold Rush! One of them was Ralston House. Was Belmont going to be the Capitol of New Prussia? I just found her when I google the King of Prussia who ruled in 1846. My angel has been leading me to her in my book ‘The Royal Janitor’. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussia

Frederick married Victoria, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria

The question I have been asking, is what kind of kingdom was John Fremont going to establish in the West, that Starr King talked him out of? Did Lincoln know about the Prussian offer? What about Chile? The Germans had a colony there that William Stuttmeister dwelt in before he came to California. Are we looking at a hidden Prussian Kingdom – blessed by Victoria – Princess Royal, whom the Osborne House was built!

The Empress and Emperor of Prussia are Harry Windsor’s close kindred. They took away Harry’s uniform today. Will he wear a crown and the Emperor of California? Will Harry and Meghan sit in the grandstand and watch their troops? Will the transformation of the Republican Party, start here?

John Presco

President: Royal Rosamond Press

https://hubpages.com/education/The-Colonization-of-California-France-Prussia-Russia-and-England

Victoria
Princess Royal
Empress Viktoria of Germany (1840-1901).png
German Empress consort
Queen consort of Prussia
Tenure 9 March 1888 – 15 June 1888
Born 21 November 1840
Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom
Died 5 August 1901 (aged 60)
Schloss Friedrichshof, Kronberg im Taunus, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Burial 13 August 1901

Spouse
Frederick III, German Emperor
(m. 1858; died 1888)
Issue
Full name
Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa
House Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Victoria of the United Kingdom

Victoria, Princess Royal (Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa;[1][2][3] 21 November 1840 – 5 August 1901) was German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. She was the eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and was created Princess Royal in 1841. She was the mother of Wilhelm II, German Emperor.

Educated by her father in a politically liberal environment, Victoria was betrothed at the age of sixteen to Prince Frederick of Prussia and supported him in his views that Prussia and the later German Empire should become a constitutional monarchy on the British model. Criticised for this attitude and for her English origins, Victoria suffered ostracism by the Hohenzollerns and the Berlin court. This isolation increased after the rise to power of Otto von Bismarck (one of her most staunch political opponents) in 1862.

https://hubpages.com/education/The-Colonization-of-California-France-Prussia-Russia-and-England

Prussia

Prussia, alone among the contenders for California, had no colonies of its own. All but without a navy of its own, and the weakest and smallest of the European great powers, its position as a candidate for the vast state of California upon the other side of the world can seem unlikely at first. Friedrich Ludwig von Roenne, the German ambassador to the United States, was a vigorous proponent of colonies, and wrote the following to Christian von Bunsen, the Prussian ambassador to the United Kingdom, as follows:

I fully agree with you that now is the moment, under the rule of our excellent King, who has a genuine German mind and heart, which beats aloud for everything that is noble, to lay the foundations of the greatness of our beautiful German Fatherland, in a political as well as in a commercial sense. England will always, as you say, see in us an awkward rival, but the time has arrived when we must act in a bold and independent way, and this can only happen if we are united as if we have a Navy and colonies. What a country Germany could become in such circumstances! She would be the equal of any other . . .

Your idea of purchasing California is an excellent one. I would never have thought of doing such an audacious thing, but, nevertheless, as early as the year 1837 I already had the notion, for when I reported on the condition of immigrants- especially with regard to the question of establishing a penal colony- I called attention to the possibility that Mexico might agree to give up a piece of land in California. The idea of buying all California deserves in every way to be preferred to this. The many Germans who go there yearly from the United States very soon cease to be Germans; they adopt local manners and customs and are entirely lost to Germany. On the other hand, a completely German colony, even long after migration, would retain for our German manufactures a permanent market and yield all the profit to the Mother Country. The possession of such a colony would also provide a good training-ground for our army and offer innumerable other benefits.

Upper California- which alone can be considered- if one can trust the many descriptions of it which which have been produced- the [latest] is I believe that by Alexander Forbes,12 published in 1839 in London- is one of the finest countries in the world, and on account of its happy position between the tropical and northern zones, is capable of bringing forth all the products which are suitable for exchange with the Mother Country, and which also would even be sought after by Mexico and the South American states. It is only necessary that it should be in the possession of an active, industrious and energetic people, and who would dispute these qualities to our German countrymen? These are the qualities whereby they earn so much respect here in the United States. No people on earth are better as cultivators of the soil than the Germans.

England, France and the United States would no doubt look at such an undertaking with jealous eyes, but I can hardly believe they would use force to prevent it from happening. Certainly not the United States! But in any case it would be a good thing, before taking any of the contemplated steps, to assure the cooperation of Denmark through her Navy. Only then would we be powerful enough, and have the means to carry out this plan.

The sovereignty of Mexico over California may hardly at be said at present to be more than a paper one-as a matter of fact I don’t exactly know what the situation is. Three years ago independence was declared.13 Nevertheless it would be very important vis-à-vis the other powers that sovereignty should be ceded by Mexico. Actual possession could then easily be secured without the use of very much force being required. Also, I am inclined to think, because of the looseness of the existing connection, that she would be readily disposed to entertain such a proposition. In any case she would prefer to see Germans there to the English, the Americans or the Texans, and I believe that even these two last would prefer to have Germans to the English.

Nevertheless I am not absolutely in a position to say whether this is likely to have enthusiastic acceptance on the part of Mexico. If Denmark appreciated her advantage she would not hesitate for a moment to cooperate in the closest possible way with Germany. The time is past- or at least should be- when smaller nations should see advantage in being hostile to their more powerful neighbours. . . . The smaller states can only reckon on the continuance of their independence if they don’t stand in the way of their larger neighbours. . .

Ludwig von Roenne’s words were not just idle musings. He planned to negotiate with Denmark for the usage of the Danish navy in communications with the colony, and to have his colleague Baroth von Gerolt, a fluent Spanish speaker, conduct negotiations with the Mexicans. However, in December 1842, he Mexican ambassador to the United States in Washington DC. Talking with Mr. Almonte, the Mexican ambassador, he was convinced that the Mexicans saw advantage in ceding Northern California to the Germans, rather than, as rumors put it, to the American or the English. For the Mexicans, the idea was that it would form an effective buffer state between them and the Americans. He would go ahead as well to contact William Hogan, a former US congressman and the equivalent of a lobbyist, who declared his support for the endeavor. This all came to nought : at this points sources differ with either that the Prussian government advanced no further, quietly shelving the project, or that it proceeded as far as negotiations with the Mexicans in Washington and London for the sum of some $6 million to purchase the colony, but then abruptly dropped out of negotiations. Whichever that it was, California would not be painted in Prussian blue.

  • Prussia

The smallest and the weakest of the European great powers, and lacking in a navy, Prussia’s capability to hold onto the distant colony of California is one which presents itself as doubtful. Although many German colonists came to the United States in the 19th century, few of these were ones that the Prussian state could call upon or view as loyal to its projects : many came from outside of Prussia, such as in Saxony, and of those that came from Prussia, a great number were German liberals fleeing from oppression at home. Prussia’s capability to send colonists was limited, while its limited navy meant that supporting its colony through military means was equally problematic. It was envisioned that Denmark would enable Prussia to support its colony through the support of the Danish navy, but this raises the great problem of colonies : that colonial and continental politics diverged. If Danish support would enable the Prussians to guard their colony, in Europe, Germany desired Schleswig-Holstein, under Danish control, and if, as historically, this conflict flared into war, it would make Danish-German colonial cooperation infeasible. Still, lacking a navy didn’t historically preclude colonial endeavors, such as Belgium’s colony in the Congo, created by a state almost entirely lacking in a navy, Prussia had a famed army and government administrative system, and at least some German settlers might be drawn to California. A continued Prussian hold over California might be unlikely, but with careful management of power politics and an iron hand, Prussia might have been able to forestall American interest in the region long enough to secure it.

Friedrich Ludwig von Rönne, a German liberal and a proponent of German colonization of California.
Friedrich Ludwig von Rönne, a German liberal and a proponent of German colonization of California. 

 

https://tinyurl.com/tafhkxj

 

Frederick married Victoria, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The couple were well-matched; their shared liberal ideology led them to seek greater representation for commoners in the government. Frederick, in spite of his conservative militaristic family background, had developed liberal tendencies as a result of his ties with Britain and his studies at the University of Bonn. As the Crown Prince, he often opposed the conservative Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, particularly in speaking out against Bismarck’s policy of uniting Germany through force, and in urging that the power of the Chancellorship be curbed. Liberals in both Germany and Britain hoped that as emperor, Frederick III would move to liberalize the German Empire.

https://rosamondpress.com/2019/02/26/william-oltman-stuttmeister-2/

https://rosamondpress.com/2019/12/04/stuttmeister-the-wonder-man-2/

https://www.alternatehistory.com/forum/threads/california-deutsche.162789/

https://rosamondpress.com/2011/07/29/were-the-stuttmeisters-rosicrucians/

https://rosamondpress.com/2011/09/09/stuttmeister-janke-wedding-at-ralston-hall/

Stuttmeister Tomb in Colma

A curator for the Oakland Museum called me yesterday and asked me to e-mail him the photograph of my kinfolk having a picnic in the Oakland Hills. I had just returned from Dot Dotsons in Eugene where Jo framed a enlargement of this historic event in a antique frame I purchased. She did a splendid job!Thanks to the Trust my uncle Vincent Rice left me, I have more funds to investigate and record my lost family history. Being poor I have had to endure hardship in order to visit my newfound daughter and newborn grandson in California. Tyler’s father was not there for his son, so when I went to see him for the first time I made a point to ground him in the history of my father’s people whom I and my cousin had just discovered were in a tomb at Cypress Lawn in Colma.

We three were the first kin to enter this tomb in many years. Tyler took an early lunch when Heather breast-fed her son on a marble bench facing the Tiffany window. Afterwards we went atop a hill and had a picnic next to these beautiful angels. Heather told me Tyler remembers being there. I was amazed when I saw his eyes follow a plane in the sky, and then smile.

My friend, Joy, had given me a special AA coin with the image of an angel on it for my late sister, Christine Rosamond, that I slipped into a crack made by an earthquake.

When we drove through San Francisco on our way home, I told Heather this was her and Tyler’s town now, for the Stuttmeisters are listed as a pioneer family, and made the Blue Book. In some respects, this was a Baptism.

Were The Stuttmeisters Prussian Royalty

I found a video of the Dorotheenstadt cemetery this morning. The Stuttmeister family are placed at the entrance. Millions of Berliners have walked past their grave. They appear to be kin to Dorothea von Holstein Glücksburg, Second Wife of the Elector Frederick William, the “Great Elector”, or, they adopted their names in order to honor them. Hedwig is Schleswig-Holstein. This family is very close to the Windsors and married Kaiser Wilhelm. There is rumor the Soviet Union looted all that belonged to this family and there is a search underway to restore lands seized by the East Germans to their rightful owners.My father, Victor William Presco, was an only child. His mother’s middle name was Charlotte. Her mother was Alice Stuttmeister. Victor married Rosemary Rosamond whose ancestors allegedly were Huguenots who are buried in the Huguenot cemetary next to the the Dorotheenstadt cemetary that was named after Dorothea von Holstein.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2011

AGNES EMMA HEDWIG STUTTMEISTER

DOROTHEA SOPHIA STUTTMEISTER

AMALIE CHARLOTTE JOHANNE ELISABETH STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 06 MAR 1860 Sankt Petri, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen

Name: Philippine Auguste Amalie Brandenburg Schwedt

Born: 10 Oct 1745 at Of, Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia

Name: Sophie Dorothea Marie Prussia [5] Note

Born: 25 Jan 1719 at Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia

Dorothea von Holstein

Born: 10/09/1636 in the castle of Glücksburg
Died: 8/16/1689 in Carlsbad (Bohemia)
Burial: Cathedral Berlin

The heirs to the Commonwealth realms are descended from Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, a paternal grandson of George I of Greece. However, by Letters Patent of 8 February 1960, Queen Elizabeth II declared that her children with Prince Philip would belong to the House of Windsor, as would any agnatic descendants who enjoy the style of Royal Highness, and the title of Prince or Princess. (Those who do not have that style and title would bear the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.)[3]
The agnatic lineage is continued from Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
• Christian IX of Denmark

The House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg, the latter name is also spelled Glücksborg), known as the House of Glücksburg (or House of Glücksborg) for short, is a German ducal house, junior branches of which include the royal houses of Denmark and Norway, the deposed royal house of Greece, and the heir to the thrones of the Commonwealth realms[1][2] (although in the latter case, they are, by royal proclamation, declared to be members of the House of Windsor[3]). The family is named after Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, and is a cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg that is descended from King Christian III of Denmark. However, as the elder line of the House of Oldenburg became extinct in the 19th century, the House of Glücksburg is now the senior surviving branch of the House of Oldenburg.

This particular line comes from the Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. The last of them became Duke of Glücksburg and changed his title accordingly to Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. He was married to Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel, a granddaughter of King Frederick V of Denmark.
Neither the Dukes of Beck nor of Glücksburg were sovereign rulers – they held their lands in fief to the sovereign dukes of Schleswig and Holstein (who were also the Kings of Denmark in personal union) and, before 1773, the Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp.

The heirs to the Commonwealth realms are descended from Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, a paternal grandson of George I of Greece. However, by Letters Patent of 8 February 1960, Queen Elizabeth II declared that her children with Prince Philip would belong to the House of Windsor, as would any agnatic descendants who enjoy the style of Royal Highness, and the title of Prince or Princess. (Those who do not have that style and title would bear the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.)[3]
The agnatic lineage is continued from Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
• Christian IX of Denmark
• George I of Greece
• Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
• Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark[2]
• Charles, Prince of Wales[2]
• Prince William, Duke of Cambridge[2]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holstein-Sonderburg-Gl%C3%BCcksburg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_Dorothea_of_Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gl%C3%BCcksburg

http://forum.alexanderpalace.org/index.php?topic=533.15

7. AGNES EMMA HEDWIG STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 06 SEP 1856 Sankt Petri, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
8. ALBERTUS FRIEDERICH STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Male Christening: 11 JUL 1745 Jerusalem, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
9. DOROTHEA SOPHIA STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 03 AUG 1807 Jerusalem, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
10. EMILIE FRIEDRICKE STUDTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 26 JAN 1806 Sankt Nikolai, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
11. AMALIE CHARLOTTE JOHANNE ELISABETH STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 06 MAR 1860 Sankt Petri, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
12. FRIEDRICH HEINRICH STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Male Christening: 30 JAN 1862 Sankt Elisabeth, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
13. JOH. CARL STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Male Christening: 20 AUG 1747 Jerusalem, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
14. JOHANNES HERMANN STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Male Christening: 04 MAY 1826 Friedrichswerder Berlin, Brandenburg, Preussen
15. CARL HEINRICH STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GEDr.
Gender: Male Christening: 15 APR 1805 Sankt Nikolai, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
16. CATHARINA DOROTHEA STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Female Christening: 02 AUG 1743 Jerusalem, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen
17. VICTOR EMANUEL FELIX STUTTMEISTER – International Genealogical Index / GE
Gender: Male Christening: 07 MAR 1861 Sankt Petri, Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, Preussen

Name: Margrave Friedrich Wilhelm Brandenburg Schwedt [1] Note
Born: 27 Dec 1700 at Oranienbaum, Anhalt, Germany [2]
Married: 10 Nov 1734 at Potsdam, Brandenburg, Prussia
Died: 4 Mar 1771 at Wildenbruch, Brandenburg, Prussia [4]

Father: Philipp Wilhelm Margrave Brandenburg Schwedt
Mother: Princess Johanna Charlotte Anhalt-dessau

WIFE

Name: Sophie Dorothea Marie Prussia [5] Note

Born: 25 Jan 1719 at Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia [6]
Died: 13 Nov 1765 at Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia [7]
Father: King Frederick William I Hohenzollern Of Prussia
Mother: Sophia Dorothea Hanover

CHILDREN

Name: Princess Friederike Of Brandenburg-schwedt

Born: 18 Dec 1736 at , Brandenburg, Germany
Died: 9 Mar 1798 at Stuttgart
Husband: Duke Friedrich Ii Of Wurttemberg

Name: Anna Elisabeth Luise Prussia

Born: 22 Apr 1738 at Of, Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia
Died: 10 Feb 1820
Husband: Prince Of Prussia Ferdinand

Name: Georg Philipp Wilhelm Brandenburg Schwedt

Born: 10 Sep 1741 at Of, Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia
Died: 28 Apr 1742

Name: Philippine Auguste Amalie Brandenburg Schwedt

Born: 10 Oct 1745 at Of, Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia
Died: 1 May 1800 at Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia
Husband: Frederick Ii Von Hessen-cassel Landgrave Of Hesse Cassel

Name: Georg Philipp Wilhelm Brandenburg Schwedt

Born: 3 May 1749 at Of, Schwedt, Brandenburg, Prussia
Died: 13 Aug 1751
Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Portrait of Sophia Dorothea by Jacques Vaillant, 1682

Her tomb
Dorothea Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (28 September 1636 – 6 August 1689) was a German noble, Electress of Brandenburg as the spouse of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg.
Contents
[hide]
• 1 Biography
• 2 References
• 3 Ancestry
• 4 Succession

[edit] Biography
Sophia Dorothea was born in Glücksburg. The great-granddaughter of King Christian III of Denmark, she was the daughter of Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Sophia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg. She was the sister of Auguste of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

In 1653 she married Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, brother-in-law to king Frederick III of Denmark. The marriage was childless. In 1665 her first spouse died and she moved to the Herzberg Castle. On 14 June 1668 she remarried to the Great Elector. In 1670, she purchased Brandenburg-Schwedt and other fiefs for her sons. In 1676, she became the commander of her own regiment, Regimentes zu Fuß (1806: No. 7). In 1678 and 1692 she equipped two fleets for the Brandenburg state.

She died at Karlsbad, and is buried in Berlin Cathedral. The Dorotheenstadt neighbourhood of Berlin was a present to her from her husband and is named after her.

Ancestors of Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

[edit] Succession
Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 28 September 1636 Died: 6 August 1689
German royalty

Vacant
Title last held by
Luise Henriette of Nassau
Duchess consort of Prussia
14 June 1668 – 29 April 1688 Succeeded by
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover

Electress consorts of Brandenburg
14 June 1668 – 29 April 1688
Vacant
Title last held by
Dorothea of Denmark
Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess of Lüneburg
9 October 1653 – 15 March 1665 Vacant
Title next held by
Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate and Éléonore Desmier d’Olbreuse

Vacant
Title last held by
Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess of Calenberg and Göttingen
9 October 1653 – 15 March 1665

Frederick William (German: Friedrich Wilhelm) (16 February 1620 – 29 April 1688) was the Elector of Brandenburg and the Duke of Prussia (“Brandenburg-Prussia”) from 1640 until his death. He was of the House of Hohenzollern and is popularly known as the Great Elector (Der Große Kurfürst) because of his military and political skill. Frederick William was also a staunch pillar of the Calvinist faith, associated with the rising commercial class. He saw the importance of trade and promoted it vigorously. The Great Elector’s shrewd domestic reforms gave Prussia a strong position in the post-Westphalia political order of north-central Europe, setting Prussia up for elevation from duchy to kingdom, achieved under his successor.
There is a thread on Crownprincess Cecilie in “The Hohenzollerns”.I’d like to begin a new thread on other Kaiser Wilhelm ‘s daughteers-in-law.How did they look like? What characters they had? Was their married life happy? How were they getting on with formidable Kaiser?

With a short legenda each of Princesses,except Cecilie discussed earlier.

1.Princess Eithel Friedrich,nee Duchess Sophie Charlotte of Oldenburg (1879-1964),eldest daughter of Duke Friedich August and Princess Elisabeth of Prussia. “Lotta” married Eithel Friedrich in 1906 and was divorced in 1926.The married couple had no children (they said EF was a homosexual).It seems Sophie Charlotte wanted to marry and leave her parental home becouse of endless conflicts with her step-mother.May be Prince EF was not the best refuge for Lotta.
.Princess August Wilhelm,nee Prss Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gluksburg (1887-1957), 2d daughter of Duke Friedrich Ferdinand and Prss Caroline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Augustenburg. So Alexandra Victoria was a 1t-cousin of her spouse as her mother was a sister of Empress Augusta Viktoria. Alexandra and Auwi married in 1908,divorced in 1920,they had only one son.She married again.
For me she was the prettiest d-in-law of Kaiser (after Cecilie,of course).
4. Princess Oskar (at first Grafin von Ruppin),nee Countess Ina von Bassewitz (1888-1973).She was the only “non-royal” d-in-law of Kaiser and they said that Wilhelm liked her most of all his d-in-laws. Ina and Oskar married in 1914 and had a very happy family life .The yhad 4 children.

The Dorotheenstädti church

In the year 1687 the Dorotheenstädti church was inaugurated as the tenth place of worship in Berlin and as the first Protestant building of churches. Nearly 200 years in Berlin no more church had been built. By the plague of the yearly 1598 and the Dreißigjährigen war the population had decreased/gone back to at the most 10,000 inhabitants. But in the death year of the large cure prince 1688 18 became already. – to 20,000 inhabitants indicated, and around 1700 were already 29.000. – Frenchmen, Dutchmen, Pfälzer and Welsch Swiss enriched not only the statistics, but likewise the economic, cultural and church development of the city.

If one regards the perspective plan of the fortress Berlin, which the kurfürstliche made land measurer Johann Bernhard Schulz 1688, then „the new city at that time is “, which in the year 1676 after the second wife of Friedrich Wilhelm Dorothea was designated, particularly well to recognize: From the citizen of Berlin „new Thor ” out goes it westward over the fortress ditch into the long-drawn-out Dorotheenstadt, which is protected by „a horn work “. A vierreihige lime tree avenue, to which the cure princess is to have done the first spade line, particularly falls in the eye, and in the west one sees the new church, which exhibits whole a considerable height compared with its surface. Before the church was delighted, the inhabitants held their service the summer over in the free one „under the lime trees “, in the winter met them in the house „Hamburg messenger ” Paul Grothe.

In the year 1674 the cure prince had already given his agreement to the building to a small church, at which both lutherische and reformed preachers should exercise their office. 1678 were begun with the Kirchbau, and at the 3rd Advent 1687 – thus nearly after one decade! – one inaugurated the church in presence of the cure prince Friedrich. That happened with two services on the same day: In the morning the reformed Hofprediger Stosch preached, in the afternoon the lutherische preacher Ranslebens. The argument between the two protestant denominations, which were in certain respects at that time further from each other, moved as today the large churches in Germany the whole people. The sympathy of the cure prince was on sides of the reformed ones, and for reasons of the reasons of state tried it, the conflicts, which expenditure-fenced from the Lutheranern for conscience reasons became to hold down by force. In the year 1683 it had forbidden even a Katechismus, which contained hard attacks against the calvinistische teachings. Also the fact that the church did not receive a Biblical name, was designated but simply after the new suburb, is out of consideration opposite the reformed ones to be explained.

By the edict of potsdam the cure prince 1685 had offered made of France the refugee Protestant in Prussia a new homeland. While in the year 1680 the municipality from 600 Lutheranern and only 37 reformed existed, now the number of the calvinistischen Christians increases. In addition the cure prince gets dutchmen as a building master and craftsmen into his residence. Far more largely however is the number of the French Réfugiés: In the Dorotheenstadt live in the year 1697 already 1615 Frenchmen, that is almost half of all inhabitants. In the year 1698 the national gentleman of the French municipality permits the sharing of the church. Against reimbursement of half of all past expenditures and with the obligation to take part in the future in the preservation of the church you are transferred half of the property at the place of worship. In the course 18. Century should decrease however the number of the Frenchmen in the Dorotheenstadt and the need the use of the church become smaller, since 1705 the French church was built on the gendarme market and 1733 a special chapel in the French hospital, Friedrichstraße 129, near the Oranienburger gate. After some arguments with that in the meantime protestant unierten German municipality in the Dorotheenstadt finally gave up the French municipality in the year 1858 their joint possession right at the church.

One receives a good impression of the first church building by the multicolored illustration on a porcelain cup, which was given to the preacher father (1831-1880) by two Konfirmandinnen and today in the Märki museum is located. The building „forms in the sketch a Greek cross with three right-angled arms, polygon for closed altar area and four low cultivations in the angles of the cross arms, thus a simple central plant “. Since the cathedral church received a new pulpit in the year 1690, the old cathedral pulpit of the church was left to Dorotheenstäd tables. Probably in the year architect, painters and mathematicians the Rütger of long field the church, built the 1695 deceased of which a sandstone intending board in the southern Kreuzflügel reminded.

The bells had called already before completion of the building of churches „under the lime trees ” to the service. The largest was provided with the coat of arms of the cure prince and its wife Sophie Dorothea from the house Holstein luck castle. In the year 1680 it had rung „to the thanks because of the pommerschen Viktoria “, i.e. conquest Stettins. She came to completion of the building into the tower, the two different into an opening of the roof. The middle bell from the year 1723 carried the inscription:

Since Friedrich Wilhelm sat on of Prussia king throne a right Salomon of the large Friedrichs son ward my CASTING made to play there and sound if our Zion wants the highest victim to bring.

Johann Porst, which went then as Propst to pc. Nikolai, published a Gesangbuch, which should find as certification of pietistischer Frömmigkeit far spreading and even to 1905 was again printed during its time at Dorotheen in the year 1708 (first anonymous): „Clergyman and lovely songs, which the spirit of the faith by Dr. Martin Luthern, Johann army man, Paul Gerhard and other one its tools in the previous and current times sealed. “- From 1709 to 1719 the after times Propst of pc. Petri, Johann Gustav Reinbeck, „Beichtvater of the queens” and a taught theologian, was preacher at the new church.

Like many churches in Berlin changed also the Dorotheenstädti in the course 19. Century their face. While French occupation at the beginning of the century had stranger troops – by the way Bavaria – in the church lived, which mutilates monuments, organ pipes taken out, coffins in the Grabgewölbe broken open and the old cathedral pulpit burned. Already since the year 1750 the church ground had served as installing chamber for of Prussia soldiers. All of this did not contribute straight to the preservation of the church. Thus one decided 1861 „to a complete renewal of the church in modern brick forms, with retention of the old sketch, on which on 21 November 1863 the new inauguration took place “. The preachers of the Jerusalemskirche said in their greeting to the colleagues: „We feel also in as much connected you in the spirit as your church, as the unsrige, was similar a monument of the union convicition of our prince house and our protestant population still before the introduction of the union. “

On 18 February 1831 into the Dorotheenstadt as on the Friedrichswerder – both churches were united at the time still in a Pfarrsystem with one another – the 1817 of the king had been carried out proclaimed union. The statute signed by ministers and church executive committees begins with the words: „Stops from now on at the municipalities of the two in all remaining, as before, united Parochien Confessions under separated complete, and forms instead of two for each church only one protestant uniierte municipality. “It is still mentioned that this is valid for all members of the municipality, if the reformed ones not already held themselves among them „the year ago 1817 with express explanation to another reformed municipality”.
It is remarkable that in the year 1846 by the Ministry for the religious affairs the employment of a Universitätspredigers was ordered, which should hold for Dorotheenstäd tables in the church services for the students. At the 3rd Advent 1847 this – for Berlin probably first „übergemeindliche ” Pfarrstelle, apart from the Militärseelsorge – was opened by a service, with which also the catholic rector at that time of the university held a speech. The Studentenpfarramt was maintained however only up to the year 1856. It was then transferred to the emperor Friedrich Gedächtniskirche.

In the year 1902/03 the church was again transformed. In place of the past timber ceiling it received a Tonnengewölbe. The emperor and its wife gave marble reliefs of the large cure prince and the cure princess Dorothea, which today in the garden „of the Schleiermacherhäuser ” (Johannes Dieckmann, early pigeon road 3) to see are. On the right of and to the left of the Altarapsis now two chapels were set. One found as communion chapel use, which took up others the monument of the count of the Mark, which had in the dark confessed one hundred years. This marble monument for with eight years the deceased the natural son of the king Friedrich Wilhelm II. and the Trompeterstochter Wilhelmine Enke, the later countess Lichtenau, was the first large work of Gottfried Schadow and represents in the judgement R. Borrmanns 1893 „the first work of the modern German art in Berlin “. It is located today – without inscription and Girlande – in (east) the citizens of Berlin national gallery.
Already before 250 years there were indications of an at that time still rare tolerance at the Dorotheenstädti church: Not only that the preachers and municipality members of the two protestant confessions forced themselves by their common place of worship mutually „to the bearing SAMness “; it also is reported, „that one with funerals and corpses of having an accident, suicides, Komödianten and the catholics not the strict, often even schimpfliche way did not observe, which were with other churches of Berlin use “: Funeral in a special corner of the cemetery, no bell ring and no candles.

The first Kirchhof was, as generally usually, around the place of worship put on. A free standing monument reminded of the imperial-Russian colonel general Konstantin von Stourdza, who had taken itself in the year 1806 in the zoo the life. A large part of the deceased was buried however in the Kirchengewölbe. Last burying at the old Kirchhof took place in the year 1876, after fifty had been already adjusted years before the funerals officially.

A second cemetery – on the left Spreeufer, which lock Monbijou opposite – was long occupied starting from 1708 about 50 years. In the year 1912 the municipality – together with Friedrichswerder – received the Dorotheenstädti Kirchhof existing this very day, which should become the historically most important cemetery of Berlin. There rest philosopher spruce and Hegel, which sculptors and architects Schinkel, Stüler, Schadow and smoke, which physician hoof country, who antiquity researcher Boeckh, which printer Litfaß and finally from our time heal ne Weigel, Bertold break, Arnold branch and Heinrich man. Starting from 1842 the municipality used a further Kirchhof at the reading road, in the today’s western part of the city. There the Zirkusdirektoren Renz, Schumann and shrubs are buried. Only temporarily – from 1889 to 1912 — the municipality had also a cemetery at the Schamberger road, which was called Tegeler Chaussee at that time.

At the beginning of this century at the Dorotheenstädti church still another minister was active, who admits beyond the borders of the municipality was: D. Wilhelm Schneemelcher, starting from 1902 Secretary-General of the protestant-social congress, founder of the magazine „protestant-socially “. In the church special services were regarded from 1921 to 1923 as Germans from Russia. Berlin was the goal of many refugees also at that time.

In place of 1917 20 years sold bell later a new bell in service were taken, whose inscription represents also a piece „to church history “: „Which the world war us took, has the time of the German unit us again-brought by the welfare service of our municipality and our woman wife in the third realm 1936. To see “- beside it was, as in the chronicle from the year 1937 is noted, the iron cross and – the swastika. In this chronicle it means also: „The burning Reichstag dome became us with all concern over coming heavy events a Fanal of a new free and strong Germany without party spirit and internal fights, like it whenever in Reichstag the damage for the reputation and those will our people expenditure-fenced became.”
On 23 November 1943 the Dorotheenstädti church was heavily damaged with a bomb attack easily, on 21 June 1944. Although it was classified still six years later than receive-worth, the ruin fell 1968 finally the pointed heel to the victim. The municipality is come up in Friedrichswerder. The name of the earlier quarter and its church is only resumed today by the two Kirchhöfe in the east and in the west. Also the Dorotheenstraße, which had been called originally „last road “, was umgewidmet: It is called now Clara Zetkin road. From „the lime trees ” out there the newurban Kirchstraße – this name is still received – leads toward Spree at a parking lot past, which is intended for the half for cars of the opposite message of the United States of America. The entire parking lot is noticeable by its own tree existence: Schnurbäume, God trees and genuine Robinien. There once the first Protestant place of worship of Berlin stood.

The cemetery of Dorotheenstadt is located in the heart of Berlin. It is one of the most interesting cemeteries in Germany, and the final resting place of German playwright Bertolt Brecht.
The cemetery was established in 1762, and although it has only 300 graves, more German artists, philosophers, and politicians are buried here than anywhere else. The tombstones of this cemetery read like the Who’s Who of Berlin’s intellectual and artistic elite.
Stroll through the cemetery which is shaded by giant trees, and you’ll discover the resting places of the philosophers Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Johann Gottlieb Fichte, of writers like Heinrich Mann and Arnold Zweig, or the former German President, Johannes Rau.
Highlights
• The highlight of the cemetery of Dorotheenstadt is the grave of Bertolt Brecht and his wife, the actress Helene Weigel.
The couple lived in the house right next to the cemetery. Fans of Brecht often leave red carnations on his grave, a symbol for his political views.
• No flowers, but expensive cigars adorn the headstone of German dramatist and theatre director Heiner Müller, a trademark of this German artist.
• Another very impressive tomb here is the one of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, the German architect who designed many neoclassicist buildings in Berlin.
He did not only build the landmarks Gendarmenmarkt and the Old Museum, but he also designed his own gravestone.
The Dorotheenstadt is an area of Berlin comprising the area north of
Behrenstrasse (the street parallel and just south of Unter den Linden),
south of the River Oder, east of the Brandenburger Tor, and west of a line
formed by Oberwallstrasse/Falconstrasse/Niederwallstrasse. It was laid
out as a Vorstadt of Berlin in 1674. The record undoubtedly refers to a
baptism in the Dorotheenst”adtische Kirche, erected in 1677 as a
Simultankirche, for the use of both Lutherans and Reformed (merged into
the Evangelische Kirche der Union in 1831). 1680-1840 joined with the
Friedrichswerder Kirche; now Friedrichswerder[-Dorotheenstadt]
Kirchengemeinde. The original church registers for 1677-1874 were
destroyed during World War II, but microfilm copies prepared by the
Reichsstelle f”ur Sippenforschung/ Reichssippenamt in the 1930’s and
1940’s survive in the Evangelisches Zentralarchiv in Berlin. The Family
History Library in Salt Lake City has copies of these microfilms, and you
can borrow copies through any LDS (Mormon) Family History Center.
The Dorotheenstadt cemetery, officially the “Cemetery of the Dorotheenstadt und Friedrichswerder Parishes”, is a landmarked burial ground located in the Berlin district of Mitte which dates to the late 18th century. The entrance to the 17,000 m2 plot is at 126 Chaussee Straße (next door to the Brecht House, where Bertolt Brecht and Helene Weigel spent their last years, at 125 Chaussee Straße). It is also directly adjacent to the French cemetery (also known as the cemetery of the Huguenots), established in 1780, and is sometimes confused with it.
A small area surrounded by a low hedge is reserved for members of the nearby Berlin Academy of Arts, among others René Graetz, Anna Seghers, Erich Arendt and Lin Jaldati, a Jew who survived three concentration camps to make a successful career as a dancer and singer of Jewish songs.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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