Bread and Roses of Marin

Did Beryl Buck ever meet, or see, Mimi Farina, who was a good friend of my ex? Where are Beryl’s things and letters?  Did she ever buy a ticket to go see Bread&Roses?

Above is a pic of where B&R was located in Mill Valley in Marin Couty. Mimi lived on Mount Tamalpais. Mimi created the ideal charity. She is the model for all Buck Foundations. Instead we get a dude playing with his expensive toys.

Sydney Morris screwed up the Brett Weston creative legacy. I had my mother call him and he and Stacey were about to throw away our family photos.

“Do you want them?”

“Of course I want them!”

These are fucking lawyers! They should be banned from getting near creative people.


Mimi died on July 18, 2001, at her home on Mt. Tamalpais in Mill Valley, California, surrounded by her family and close friends.  Her vision lives on in the form of Bread & Roses today.  

The Mission Statement for this inspirational program is as follows:

Bread & Roses is dedicated to uplifting the human spirit by providing free, live, quality entertainment to people who live in institutions or are otherwise isolated from society. Our performances: enrich the soul and promote wellness through the healing power of the performing arts; create a sense of community for our professional performers, in a non-commercial setting in which they can donate their talents to inspire and be inspired; provide an opportunity for non-performing volunteers to contribute a variety of skills and resources that support our humanitarian services and increase the impact of donor contributions. In carrying out this mission, Bread & Roses seeks to create a social awareness of people who are isolated from society, and to encourage the development of similar organizations in other communities.

Cunimund’s grim end and Rosamund are mentioned in J. R. R. Tolkien‘s story “The Lost Road”, when the character Alboin asks his father, Oswin Errol, about the origin of his name:

and Oswin told his son the tale of Alboin son of Audoin, the Lombard king; and of the great battle of the Lombards and the Gepids, remembered as terrible even in the grim sixth century; and of the kings Thurisind and Cunimund, and of Rosamunda. ‘Not a good story for near bed-time,’ he said, ending suddenly with Alboin’s drinking from the jewelled skull of Cunimund…

J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lost Road

In an early version of J. R. R. Tolkien‘s fantasy time-travel story The Lost Road, Tolkien considered placing one of his main characters in the person of Alboin.

Buck, Beryl (Elizabeth) H. (Hamilton)

(1896–1975) philanthropist; born in Minnesota; and Leonard W. (1891–1953) pathologist; born in Vacaville, Calif. Beryl met Leonard at Roosevelt Hospital in Oakland where she was training to be a nurse and he a doctor. They married a year later (1914). Leonard’s father died in 1916, and his mother in 1920, leaving the Buck’s millionaires with a fortune from oil. They built an estate in Ross (Marin County) (1931), and Leonard, a pathologist, taught at the University of California: San Francisco (1928–51). Leonard died suddenly, leaving all his estate to Beryl. She, in turn, formed the Leonard and Beryl Buck Foundation Trust which, after she died, became part of the San Francisco Foundation, with the stipulation that the money be reserved for Marin County’s needy and various nonprofit, educational, religious, and charitable organizations. What was a $15 million bequest became a $253-million trust when the Buck’s Beldridge Oil stock was bought by Shell Oil. Attempts by the San Francisco Foundation to spend money outside the already prosperous Marin County resulted in litigation and a court settlement (1986) establishing the Marin Community Foundation (1987), which administers the trust now valued at more than $500 million for Marin County residents.

“As far as Morris is concerned, the terms of the sale of the Weston archive represents the best outcome for both Weston”s estate, and for the legacy of Weston”s artistic achievement. Any supposed controversy over the sale, says Morris, is strictly in the mind of Williams, and that Brett never explicitly stated how he wanted his archive disposed of.
“I honestly feel the results achieved over the past four years are as good as could have been achieved for this estate,” says Morris. “We”ve done all we can do and I feel good about it. It has not been easy, but it”s my nature to know what I”m doing is right and doing the best job to get the estate closed.
“In my opinion the Center will have the definitive collection of Brett”s work and as far as everyone else is concerned they couldn”t be happier,” says Morris.
As a coda to the events surrounding the legal fight over the sale of Weston”s archive to Keesee, Williams herself was sued this past October by Morris on behalf of the estate over breach of contract for the remaining two books on Weston”s work, and for the return of 600 Weston photographs intended for those publications. She is also being sued for money Morris says is due the estate as a result of ongoing sales of Weston”s work by Williams at the Photography West Gallery.
Williams says she hadn”t gone forward on the other books because Morris told her the estate didn”t want any additional tax liabilities from any additional sales or promotions.
Morris denies Williams assertions, and says only that negotiations between the estate and Williams are ongoing and may be resolved in January.
“My feeling is she breached her contract for the other two books, and the estate issues have nothing to do with her failure to do the last two books,” says Morris. 

Mimi the Muse

mimi4 mimi5 mimi7 mimi11 mimi14pre66 mimi33 mimif3 mimif4 mimif5 mimif6 mimi-farina-wedding2

Mimi Farina-Baez walked the earth as the embodiment of the Pre-Raphaelite Muse. She was a modern day Troubadour. I met her at the last Monterey Pop Festival, and fell in love. She owned the look I loved, that I found in other women, and loved these women. My ex-wife was Mimi’s friend, and did a life-size portrait or her. My late sister, Christine Rosamond Benton, has the same Madonna look.  Arwen has this look. The Ring movies borrow from the world the Pre-Raphaelites rendered.  Tolkien was obsessed with Queen Rosamond and might have modeled Arwin after this Queen. I am going have Mimi be my model for my images of several historic Rosamonds. With the snipping tool I can capture certain angles.  The living muses I tried to get to be my model, could not grasp my ambition to make ROSAMOND a brand name. Here is a woman totally groking on the name Cordelia and Rosamond for the name of her baby when she is born.

Jon Presco



Cunimund had a daughter named Rosamund (or Rosemund). She was forced into marrying Alboin after the Gepids‘ defeat, but she arranged his assassination in 572 or 573.

In literature[edit]

Cunimund’s grim end and Rosamund are mentioned in J. R. R. Tolkien‘s story “The Lost Road”, when the character Alboin asks his father, Oswin Errol, about the origin of his name:

and Oswin told his son the tale of Alboin son of Audoin, the Lombard king; and of the great battle of the Lombards and the Gepids, remembered as terrible even in the grim sixth century; and of the kings Thurisind and Cunimund, and of Rosamunda. ‘Not a good story for near bed-time,’ he said, ending suddenly with Alboin’s drinking from the jewelled skull of Cunimund…

J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lost Road

In an early version of J. R. R. Tolkien‘s fantasy time-travel story The Lost Road, Tolkien considered placing one of his main characters in the person of Alboin.

In Meg Cabot’s Princess Diaries, the country of Genovia’s first ruler was a princess named Rosamund, based on the princess Alboin raped. In the book, Mia writes that Rosamund’s father was killed by a warlord, who made his skull into a cup and forced her to drink from it. She strangled him in his sleep with her braids and was given the principality of Genovia in honor of her brave deed.

Author: Dracotorix   (Authenticated as Dracotorix)
Date: November 30, 2010 at 8:16:16 PM
Reply to: Cordelia talk + suggestions? by Kitty

I love Cordelia, but I think it is a little too long for a kid on it’s own. I like the nickname Cora, but if you prefer Coco or Delia or Lia or Cordie or something they could work too.
I like Cordelia Beatrice Rosamund.
Others could be Cordelia Helen Rosamund, Cordelia Joan Rosamund, Cordelia Undine Rosamund, Cordelia Anne Rosamund, Cordelia Alanis Rosamund, Cordelia Athenais Rosamund, Cordelia Juniper Rosamund, Cordelia Sage Rosamund, Cordelia Willow Rosamund, Cordelia Eve Rosamund, Cordelia Anthea Rosamund, Cordelia Gaia Rosamund, Cordelia Miranda Rosamund, Cordelia Mina Rosamund, Cordelia Wilhelmina Rosamund, Cordelia Isis Rosamund, Cordelia Isadora Rosamund, Cordelia Pelagia Rosamund, Cordelia Tamsin Rosamund, Cordelia Lilith Rosamund, Cordelia Terpsichore Rosamund, Cordelia Emerald Rosamund, Cordelia Avalon Rosamund, Cordelia Jane Rosamund, Cordelia Sahar Rosamund, Cordelia Arwen Rosamund, Cordelia Branwen Rosamund, Cordelia Isolde Rosamund, Cordelia Morwen Rosamund, Cordelia Lyra Rosamund, Cordelia Saffron Rosamund, Cordelia Fleur Rosamund, Cordelia Eleanor Rosamund, Cordelia Sylvie Rosamund, Cordelia Jade Rosamund, or Cordelia Peony Rosamund.
Sorry if some of those are incredibly long..

mimi19lizzie10 mimi16 mimi17 mimi18

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Pynchon’s Eclipse House

Here is the apartment my ex lived in with Thomas Pynchon. It has “ECLIPSE” written all over it!

Don’t you think he is keen on the Buck Hangars and this Nazi talk? Mary Ann Tharaldsen was Christine Rosamond’s sister-in-law. She got Tom a job at Boeing. I bet your Bob Buck makes Pynchon – even more paranoiac! There’s “DOOMSDAY” written all over Bob.

Jon Presco

“Engineering physics, the hardest program at Cornell, was meant to supply Cold War America with its elites—the best and the brightest, junior league. One professor called its students “intellectual supermen”; Pynchon’s old friend David ­Shetzline remembers them as “the slide-rule boys.” But after less than two years in the major, Pynchon left Cornell in order to enlist in another Cold War operation, the Navy. He once wrote that ­calculus was “the only class I ever failed,” but he’s always used self-deprecation to deflect inquiries, and professors ­remembered universally good grades. Tharaldsen says she saw Pynchon’s IQ score, somewhere in the 190s. So why would he leave? He wrote much later about feeling in college “a sense of that other world humming out there”—a sense that would surely nag him from one city to another for the rest of his life. He was also in thrall to Thomas Wolfe and Lord Byron. Most likely he wanted to follow their examples, to experience adventure at ground level and not from the command centers.

What finally smoked him out was Richard Fariña’s wedding to Mimi Baez, sister of the famous folk singer. In August, Pynchon took a bus up the California coast to serve as his friend’s best man. Remembering the visit soon after, Fariña portrayed Pynchon with his head buried in Scientific American before eventually “coming to life with the tacos.” Pynchon later wrote to Mimi that Fariña teased him about his “anti-photograph Thing … what’s the matter, you afraid people are going to stick pins; pour aqua regia? So how could I tell him yeah, yeah right, you got it.”
After Fariña’s wedding, Pynchon went up to Berkeley, where he met up with Tharaldsen and Seidler. For years, Pynchon trackers have wondered about Tharaldsen, listed as married to Pynchon in a 1966–67 alumni directory. The real story is not of a secret marriage but a distressing divorce—hers from Seidler. Pynchon and Tharaldsen quickly fell in love, and when Pynchon went back to Mexico City shortly after John F. Kennedy was assassinated, Tharaldsen soon followed.
In Mexico, Tharaldsen says, Pynchon wrote all night, slept all day, and kept mostly to himself. When he didn’t write, he read—mainly Latin American writers like Jorge Luis Borges, a big influence on his second novel, The Crying of Lot 49. (He also translated Julio Cortázar’s short story “Axolotl.”) His odd writing habits persisted throughout his life; later, when he was in the throes of a chapter, he’d live off junk food (and sometimes pot). He’d cover the windows with black sheets, never answer the door, and avoid anything that smelled of obligation. He often worked on multiple books at once—three or four in the mid-sixties—and a friend remembers him bringing up the subject of 1997’s Mason & Dixon in 1970.
Tharaldsen grew bored of the routine. Soon they moved to Houston, then to Manhattan Beach. Tharaldsen, a painter, did a portrait of Pynchon with a pig on his shoulder, referencing a pig figurine he’d always carry in his pocket, talking to it on the street or at the movies. (He still identified closely with the animals, collecting swine paraphernalia and even signing a note to friends with a drawing of a pig.) Once Tharaldsen painted a man with massive teeth devouring a burger, which she titled Bottomless, Unfillable Nothingness. Pynchon thought it was him, and hated it. Tharaldsen insists it wasn’t, but their friend Mary Beal isn’t so sure. “I know she regarded him as devouring people. I think in the sense that he—well, I shouldn’t say this, because all writers do it. Writers use people.”
Tharaldsen hated L.A., and decided to go back to school in Berkeley. “I thought they were unserious sort of beach people—lazy bums! But Tom didn’t care because he was inside all day and writing all night.” At the moment, eager to break with his publisher, Lippincott (and rejoin Cork Smith, since departed to Viking), he saw Lot 49 as a quickie “potboiler” meant to break his option with the house—forcing them to either reject it, liberating him, or pay him $10,000. They paid him, defying his own low opinion of it. In his introduction to Slow Learner, a later collection of his early stories, he’d write that with Lot 49, “I seem to have forgotten most of what I thought I’d learned up till then.” Now it’s required reading in college courses, a gateway drug to the serious stuff. Which, of course, was his next book: Gravity’s Rainbow.

Gravity’s Rainbow

“a million bureaucrats are diligently plotting death and some of them even know it.”

I have not read Thomas Pynchon’s Gravities Rainbow. I tried, and put it down, along with ‘V’. My former wife, Mary Ann Tharaldsen, lived with Thomas in Mexico for three years, and was his lover. They met at Cornell. Mary Ann showed me the words Thomas wrote her inside her copy of V. There might be some jealousy here, but, I don’t get it, why his books got all this/that attention, and why some say it is one of the greatest American novels ever written.

I’m sorry – and I have just read the treatment by Wikipedia. However, I am intrigued with it’s connection to Rena and her husband, Sir Ian Easton, who got his compatriots at British Aeorspace to put up money to put the ‘White Crusader’ in a cup race. Rena and Ian are Pynchonish. This literary theme I have woven around them takes on a life of its own.

Pynchon takes us back to 1945 a period where Ian Easton excelled as a pilot and hero. This is Ian’s era. He marries a young woman who is not even of my era. Rena is what comes after the Hippie-Peace era – that Thomas appears not to have been a part of. Pynchon seems to have created his own fictional peer group, slipped in a generation – that did not exist – but for the woman I married around the same time Ian and Rena got married, 1979. Mary Ann is ten years my senior. Like Pynchon, Rena dropped out of sight – and is ungrouped – till now!

Putting Rena and Thomas together, reading a book, or, taking a road-reading trip, is no a fantastic stretch of the imagination. Did Thomas employ Mary Ann as a character in his books? Yes.

Again we have a classic study of Life imitating art in a weird way, because Thomas may have been keenly aware of this theory, and creates a Life and Art World where he is the only living thing left standing. Rena and Thomas may have painted themselves into a corner. This may be applicable to my former wife, who is reclusive, now. Are these people just hanging around waiting to be plucked and thrown into the workings of a novelist – who gets the last word?

I have looked at the idea that Ian Easton is the real James Bond, and thus he wanted the most beautiful woman by his side. Rena is – Bondish!

To read this entry about British Aerospace is the read what Pynchon mimicked, even channeled in some manner. Rena must have been surrounded by military eggheads who fought a cold war in her home – around the clock! Dinner at the Eastons must have been like dining in a war room. Rena must have been very impressed as she stood guard as a life-size statue – against the flowery wallpaper.

One can conclude that Easton’s and Pynchon’s world came crashing down on 911 when a rag-tag group of radicals hi-jacked jets and dove them in the trade towers.

“Back to the drawing board, boys!”

What goes up – must come down!
Jon Presco

“Part 4: The Counterforce” is made up of 12 episodes. The plot of this part begins shortly after August 6, 1945 and covers the period up to September 14 of that same year; the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, with extended analepsis to Easter/April Fool’s weekend of 1945 and culminating in a prolepsis to 1970.

British Aerospace plc (BAe) was a British aircraft, munitions and defence-systems manufacturer. Its head office was in the Warwick House in the Farnborough Aerospace Centre in Farnborough, Hampshire.[1] In 1999 it purchased Marconi Electronic Systems, the defence electronics and naval shipbuilding subsidiary of the General Electric Company plc, to form BAE Systems.

BAeSEMA, Siemens Plessey and GEC-Marconi formed UKAMS Ltd in 1994 as part of the Principal Anti-Air Missile System (PAAMS) consortium. UKAMS would become a wholly owned subsidiary of BAe Dynamics in 1998. In 1995 Saab Military Aircraft and BAe signed an agreement for the joint development and marketing of the export version of the JAS 39 Gripen. In 1996 BAe and Matra Defense agreed to merge their missile businesses into a joint venture called Matra BAe Dynamics. In 1997 BAe joined the Lockheed Martin X-35 Joint Strike Fighter team. The company acquired the UK operations of Siemens Plessey Systems (SPS) in 1998 from Siemens AG. DASA purchased SPS’ German assets.[11][12]

TIME named the novel one of its “All-Time 100 Greatest Novels”, a list of the best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005[4] and it is considered by some critics to be one of the greatest American novels ever written.[5]

Additionally, the novel uses many actual events and locations as backdrops to establish chronological order and setting within the complex structure of the book. Examples include the appearance of a photograph of Wernher Von Braun in which his arm is in a cast. Historical documents indicate the time and place of an accident which broke Von Braun’s arm, thereby providing crucial structural details around which the reader can reconstruct Slothrop’s journey.

Gravity’s Rainbow is a 1973 novel by American writer Thomas Pynchon.

A lengthy, complex novel featuring a large cast of characters, the narrative is set primarily in Europe at the end of World War II and centers on the design, production and dispatch of V-2 rockets by the German military, and, in particular, the quest undertaken by several characters to uncover the secret of a mysterious device named the “Schwarzgerät” (“black device”) that is to be installed in a rocket with the serial number “00000”.

Traversing an immense range of knowledge, the novel transgresses boundaries between high and low culture, between literary propriety and profanity, and between science and speculative metaphysics.

The novel shared the 1974 U.S. National Book Award for Fiction with A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories by Isaac Bashevis Singer.[1] Although selected by the Pulitzer Prize jury on fiction for the 1974 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, a single passage involving coprophilia offended the other members of the Pulitzer board, who rejected the selection. No Pulitzer Prize was awarded for fiction that year.[2] The novel was nominated for the 1973 Nebula Award for Best Novel.[3]

TIME named the novel one of its “All-Time 100 Greatest Novels”, a list of the best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005[4] and it is considered by some critics to be one of the greatest American novels ever written.[5]

[…] a million bureaucrats are diligently plotting death and some of them even know it […]
Thomas Pynchon

The Title[edit source]

The novel’s title declares its ambition and sets into resonance the oscillation between doom and freedom expressed throughout the book. An example of the superfluity of meanings characteristic of Pynchon’s work during his early years, “Gravity’s Rainbow” refers to:
the parabolic trajectory of a V-2 rocket: the “rainbow-shaped” path created by the missile as it moves under the influence of gravity, subsequent to the engine’s deactivation;
the arc of the plot. Critics such as Weisenburger have found this trajectory to be cyclical or circular, like the true shape of a rainbow. This follows in the literary tradition of James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake and Herman Melville’s The Confidence-Man.[6]
The light-bending property of gravity, an experimental observation confirming the general theory of relativity, in the context of the bending of light that produces rainbow effects.
The statistical pattern of impacts from rocket-bombs, invoked frequently in the novel by reference to the Poisson distribution.
The introduction of randomness into the science of physics through the development of quantum mechanics, breaking the assumption of a deterministic universe.
The animating effect of mortality on the human imagination.

Gravity’s Rainbow is composed of four parts.

Part 1: Beyond the Zero[edit source]

The name “Beyond the Zero” refers to lack of total extinction of a conditioned stimulus; that is, as seen in Part One, Laszlo Jamf decreases to zero the stimulus he conditioned on Tyrone Slothrop as an infant, but “there can still be a silent extinction beyond the zero,” and so launches the pursuit of a psychic state even less conditioned than a mind wiped of influence. It refers also to the zero of a function describing the trajectory of a rocket, suggesting a continuation of that trajectory beyond the point of impact and destruction. The events of this part occur primarily during the Christmas Advent season of 1944 from December 18–26. The epigraph is a quotation from a pamphlet written by Wernher von Braun and first published in 1962: “Nature does not know extinction; all it knows is transformation. Everything science has taught me, and continues to teach me, strengthens my belief in the continuity of our spiritual existence after death.” [7]

Easton joined the Royal Navy in 1931 and qualified as a pilot at the start of World War II in which he saw active service on aircraft carriers.[1] On 4 January 1941, flying a Fairey Fulmar of 803 Squadron from HMS Formidable during a raid on Dakar he force landed, with his aircrewman Naval Airman James Burkey and was taken prisoner and held by the Vichy French at a camp near Timbuktu until released in November 1942.[2] He was appointed Assistant Director of the Tactical and Weapons Policy Division at the Admiralty in 1960 and was seconded to the Royal Australian Navy as Captain of HMAS Watson in 1962.[1] He went on to be Naval Assistant to the Naval Member of the Templer Committee on Rationalisation of Air Power in 1965, Director of Naval Tactical and Weapons Policy Division at the Admiralty in 1966 and Captain of the aircraft carrier HMS Triumph in 1968.[1] After that he was made Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Policy) in 1969, Flag Officer for the Admiralty Interview Board in 1971 and Head of British Defence Staff and Senior Defence Attaché in Washington D. C. in 1973.[1] He last posting was as Commandant of the Royal College of Defence Studies in 1976: he commissioned armourial bearings for the College which were which were presented during a visit by the Queen in November 1977.[3] He retired in 1978.[1]

Part 2: Un Perm’ au Casino Hermann Goering[edit source]

“Part 2: Un Perm’ au Casino Hermann Goering” (French for “A Furlough at the Hermann Göring Casino”) contains 8 episodes.[8] The events of this section span the five months from Christmas 1944 through to Whitsunday the following year; May 20, 1945. The epigraph is attributed to Merian C. Cooper, speaking to Fay Wray prior to her starring role in King Kong, as recounted by Wray in the September 21, 1969 issue of the New York Times: “You will have the tallest, darkest leading man in Hollywood.”[9]

Part 3: In the Zone[edit source]

“Part 3: In the Zone” comprises 32 episodes.[10] The action of Part 3 is set during the summer of 1945 with analepses (literary flashbacks) to the time period of Part 2 with most events taking place between May 18 and August 6; the day of the first atomic bomb attack and also the Feast of the Transfiguration. The epigraph is taken from The Wizard of Oz, spoken by Dorothy as she arrives in Oz and shows her disorientation with the new environment: “Toto, I have a feeling we’re not in Kansas any more…”

Part 4: The Counterforce[edit source]

“Part 4: The Counterforce” is made up of 12 episodes. The plot of this part begins shortly after August 6, 1945 and covers the period up to September 14 of that same year; the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, with extended analepsis to Easter/April Fool’s weekend of 1945 and culminating in a prolepsis to 1970. The simple epigraphical quotation, “What?” is attributed to Richard M. Nixon, and was added after the galleys of the novel had been printed to insinuate the President’s involvement in the unfolding Watergate scandal.[11] The original quotation for this section (as seen in the advance reading copies of the book) was an excerpt from the lyrics to the Joni Mitchell song “Cactus Tree,” so the change in quote jumped a large cultural divide.

Plot summary[edit source]

A rocket based on the V-2 design being fired
The opening pages of the novel follow Pirate Prentice, first in his dreams, and later around his house in wartime London. Pirate then goes to work at ACHTUNG, a top-secret military branch, with Roger Mexico and Pointsman, who both worked there at the time. It is here the reader is introduced to the possibly promiscuous US Army lieutenant named Tyrone Slothrop (at certain points in the book, Pynchon leads the reader to doubt the very existence of the women Slothrop claims to sleep with), whose erratic story becomes the main plot throughout most of the novel. In “Beyond The Zero”, some of the other characters and organizations in the book note that each of Slothrop’s sexual encounters in London precedes a V-2 rocket hit in the same place by several days. Both Slothrop’s encounters and the rocket sites match the Poisson Distributions calculated by Roger Mexico, leading into reflections on topics as broad as Determinism, the reverse flow of time, and the sexuality of the rocket itself. Slothrop meets a woman named Katje, and they fall in love, maintaining a relationship until Slothrop’s sudden removal to Germany in part three. Many characters not significant until later are introduced in “Beyond the Zero”, including Franz and Leni Pökler, Roger Mexico and Jessica, and Thomas Gwenhidwy, some of whom don’t appear until the closing pages of the novel. Many characters are introduced into the plot and then don’t appear again at all. Indeed, most of the four hundred named characters only make singular appearances, serving merely to demonstrate the sheer scope of Pynchon’s universe. Slothrop is also submitted to various psychological tests, many involving the drug Sodium Amytal. Pavlovian conditioning is a recurring topic, mostly explored through the character of Pavlovian researcher Pointsman. One of the more bizarre Pavlovian episodes involves the conditioning of octopus Grigori to respond to the girl Katje. Early in part two, the octopus attacks Katje on the beach, and Slothrop is “conveniently” at hand to rescue her. Their romance begins here, extending into Part Three and the events that follow.

In part two, “Un Perm’ au Casino Hermann Goering”, Slothrop is studied covertly and sent away by superiors in mysterious circumstances to the Hermann Göring casino in recently liberated France, in which almost the entirety of Part Two takes place. There he learns of a rocket, with the irregular serial number 00000 (Slothrop comments that the numbering system doesn’t allow for four zeroes in one serial, let alone five), and a component called the S-Gerät (short for Schwarzgerät, which translates to black device) which is made out of the hitherto unknown plastic Imipolex G. Several companions suddenly disappear or re-appear after extended amounts of time, including the two guards watching Slothrop and Katje. It is hinted at that Slothrop’s prescience of rocket hits is due to being conditioned as an infant by the creator of Imipolex G, Laszlo Jamf. Later, the reality of this story is called into question in a similar fashion as the existence of Slothrop’s original sexual exploits were. After getting this information, Slothrop escapes from the casino into the coalescing post-war wasteland of Europe, “The Zone”, searching for the 00000 and S-Gerät. In the closing of Part Two, Katje is revealed to be safe in England, enjoying a day at the beach with Roger Mexico and Jessica, as well as Pointsman, who is in charge of Slothrop’s furtive supervision. While unable to contact Slothrop (or prohibited from contacting him), Katje continues to follow his actions through Pointsman.

Slothrop’s quest continues for some time “In The Zone” as he is chased by other characters. Many of these characters are referred to as “shadows,” and are only partially glimpsed by the protagonist. Much of the plot takes place on “The Anubis”, a ferry on which many different characters travel at various times. Slothrop meets and has an extended relationship with Margherita Erdman, a pornographic film actress and masochist. Originally meeting her in an abandoned studio in The Zone, it is she who leads him on to the Anubis. Here, Slothrop later also has extended encounters with her twelve-year-old daughter Bianca, though it is unclear whether or not he has stopped his casual relationship with Margherita by this time. Margherita is later shown to know a great deal more about the 00000, S-Gerät, and Imipolex G than she lets on, even having spent many days in a mysterious and ambiguously described factory and being clothed in an outfit made from the “erotic” plastic. Towards the end of this section, several characters not seen since early in the novel make a return, including Pirate Prentice, in his first appearance since the novel’s very start, as well as Roger Mexico. “In The Zone” also contains the longest episode of the book, a lengthy tale of Franz Pökler, a rocket engineer unwittingly set to assist on the S-Gerät’s production. The story details Pökler’s annual meetings with his daughter Ilse, and his growing paranoia that Ilse is really a series of impostors sent each year to mollify him. Through this story, we find out sparse details about the S-Gerät, including that it has an approximate weight of forty-five kilograms. The story ultimately reveals that the 00000 was fired in the spring of 1945, close to the end of the war. Slothrop spends much of the time as his invented alter-ego Rocketman, wearing an operatic Viking costume with the horns removed from the helmet, making it look like a rocket nose-cone. Rocketman completes various tasks for his own and others’ purposes, including retrieving a large stash of hashish from the centre of the Potsdam Conference. This continues until he leaves the region for northern Germany, continuing his quest for the 00000, as well as answers to his past. It becomes steadily apparent that Slothrop is somehow connected to Dr. Laszlo Jamf, and a series of experiments performed on him as a child.

Slothrop later returns to the Anubis to find Bianca dead, a possible trigger for his impending decline. He continues his pilgrimage through northern Germany, at various stages donning the identities of a Russian colonel and mythical Pig Hero in turn, in search of more information on his childhood and the 00000. Unfortunately, he is repeatedly sidetracked until his persona fragments totally in part four, despite the efforts of some to save him. Throughout “The Counterforce”, there are several brief, hallucinatory stories, of superheroes, silly Kamikaze pilots, and immortal sentient lightbulbs. These are presumed to be the product of Slothrop’s finally collapsed mind. The final identification of him of any certainty is his picture on the cover of an album by obscure English band “The Fool” (another allusion to Tarot, which becomes increasingly significant), where he is credited as playing the Harmonica and Kazoo. At the same time, other characters’ narratives begin to collapse as well, with some characters taking a bizarre trip through Hell, and others flying into nothingness on Zeppelins. A variety of interpretations of this fact exist, including theories that all of the involved characters have a shared consciousness, or even that the other characters are part of Slothrop’s mind, and thus disintegrate along with it. Slothrop’s narrative ends a surprisingly long time before the novel’s end, which focuses more on the 00000, and the people associated with its construction and launch (namely Blicero, Enzian, and Gottfried, amongst others). At this point, the novel also concludes many characters’ stories, including those of Mexico, Pointsman, and Pirate, leaving only the 00000.

As the novel closes, many topics are discussed by the various protagonists around the world, ranging from Tarot cards to Death itself. Towards the end of “The Counterforce”, it transpires that the S-Gerät is actually a capsule crafted by Blicero to contain a human. The story of the 00000’s launch is largely told in flashbacks by the narrator, while in the present Enzian is constructing and preparing its successor, the 00001 (which isn’t fired within the scope of the novel), though it is unknown who is intended to be sacrificed in this model. In the flashbacks, the maniacal Captain Blicero prepares to assemble and fire the 00000, and asks Gottfried to sacrifice himself inside the rocket. He launches the rocket in a pseudo sexual act of sacrifice with his bound adolescent sex slave Gottfried captive within its S-Gerät. At the end of a final episode, told partially in second person, the rocket descends upon Britain. The text halts, in the middle of a song composed by Slothrop’s ancestor, with a complete obliteration of narrative as the 00000 lands (or is about to land) on a cinema.[12] Thus the novel opens and closes in wartime Britain, and opens and closes with the landing of a V-2 rocket.

This image of Wernher von Braun is referred to in the narrative, giving a quite exact timeframe for some events in the book.
Many facts in the novel are based on technical documents relating to the V-2 rockets. Equations featured in the text are correct. References to the works of Pavlov, Ouspensky, and Jung are based on Pynchon’s research. The firing command sequence in German that is recited at the end of the novel is also correct and is probably copied verbatim from the technical report produced by Operation Backfire.

In reality, a V-2 rocket hit the Rex Cinema in Antwerp, where some 1200 people were watching the movie The Plainsman, on December 16, 1944, killing 567 people, the most killed by a single rocket during the entire war.

The secret military organizations practicing occult warfare have an historical backdrop in the Ahnenerbe and other Nazi mysticism, whereas the allied counterparts were limited to certain individuals such as Louis de Wohls work for MI5.

Additionally, the novel uses many actual events and locations as backdrops to establish chronological order and setting within the complex structure of the book. Examples include the appearance of a photograph of Wernher Von Braun in which his arm is in a cast. Historical documents indicate the time and place of an accident which broke Von Braun’s arm, thereby providing crucial structural details around which the reader can reconstruct Slothrop’s journey. Another example is the inclusion of a BBC Radio broadcast of a Benny Goodman performance, the contents of which, according to historical record, were broadcast only once during the period of the novel and by which the events immediately surrounding its mention are fixed. Further historical events, such as Allied bombing raids on Peenemünde and the city of Nordhausen (close to the V-2 producing concentration camp Mittelbau-Dora) also appear in the novel and help to establish the relation of the work’s events to each other.

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Two Eclipse Evacuation Ships

Any fool can now see all the Buck Foundation Babies are undergoing covert preparations to build a starship, gather The Chosen Eggheads, and leave planet earth – TONIGHT – before the Dark Shadow comes ashore at Depot Bay, where a Crew of Crazies hijack a SHIP in the movie ‘One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest’. Bucky Rogers and his boys knew this day was coming in 1993. This is when they began to make their list.

“Make the list and THE WAY will come – to you!”

Bucky began to BORN&BREED the very BEST under the guise of helping the poor. He considered putting Artists&Writers on board, but, after talking to Christine Rosamond, he X-ed Creative Crazies off his secret list. He did not know my sister was a mind reader, like her brother. She was going to spill the beans in her autobiography. What the Bucky Boys did not anticipate, is, I can read the minds of the dead, that continue to broadcast TRUTH. Therefor I have gathered Artists, Writers, Playwrights, and Broadway Actors under the umbrella of the New Fashion Moda. The Bohemian elect will perform a ritual atop the Washington Square Arch that will render The Village a sovereign nation of the world. Hopefully, if successful, the cataclysmic end of planet Earth will be averted. If not, we will wheel out our starship, and get the fuck out of here!

Jon ‘The End Time Elijah’

P.S. Steven Bannon may have built his own Escape the Eclipse ship, and is going to load it with New Age Nazis.

Disproving Stefan Eins

SCIENCE 057CIITYH 008 CIITYH 011 blue-stfans DSC02708DSC02705SCIENCE 049SCIENCE 053

Stefan Eins has remarked he employs “science” in his work. Other artists have scoffed. I can not prove this is the case, because there is no such animal as Scientific Proof. One can only attempt to, Disprove, because there may be Proof that has not yet arrived.” I believe Stefan has opened a new door, entered into a new field, made a runway for the arrival of  New Proof. We must learn to look. Who would suspect a slab of concrete was the center of so much action.

Click on images to enlarge.

While the phrase “scientific proof” is often used in the popular media,[13] many scientists have argued that there is really no such thing. For example, Karl Popper once wrote that “In the empirical sciences, which alone can furnish us with information about the world we live in, proofs do not occur, if we mean by ‘proof’ an argument which establishes once and for ever the truth of a theory,”

Today I went to the Springfield Library to return books I had renewed twice. I have been recovering from an operation and saw a window of opportunity, open, and I went for it. I parked my truck next to the huge slab of concrete where upon was held a chalk festival. I started to walk on, when I stopped in my tracks, and turned.

“Are those rain puddles?”

“The physics of liquid formation are the physics of biology,” he said

For some reason, I brought my camera. A voice told me to. I walked on to the concrete surface – and gasped! I was surrounded by Land Clouds. They were grazing – like sheep. I began to snaps photos. The TIMING had to be right. The rain came in the night. The sun rises in the morning and dries most of the concrete surface. The sun is coming in and out of the right amount of clouds in the sky. The artist, arrives. The observer, is here. The awareness I received from my friend, is…….working? What is working? I considered the science in Mirrors. Then I saw the church steeple. Is this God, Mother Nature, or, Pure Science – at work. Are these God’s random canvases that he lay down so he can execute his Skyscapes – with upside down Trees? To the Creator-Artist, they are right side up!

I had suggested in other blogs, Stefan had somehow shown up at the chalk fest, and did his thing. In an e-mail he said her might show up.

“Who knows?”

Philosophers, such as Karl R. Popper, have provided influential theories of the scientific method within which scientific evidence plays a central role.[6] In summary, Popper provides that a scientist creatively develops a theory which may be falsified by testing the theory against evidence or known facts. Popper’s theory presents an asymmetry in that evidence can prove a theory wrong, by establishing facts that are inconsistent with the theory. In contrast, evidence cannot prove a theory correct because other evidence, yet to be discovered, may exist that is inconsistent with the theory

“This is the ‘Monkey Donkey’ thing,” he said. “It’s monkey rides donkey. Totally random. That in itself is totally amazing. I did this and this happened. This is miraculous to me.”

Is Stefan, God, or Baal? Like the movie ‘The Field of Dreams’ Mr.Eins loves this slab of concrete – and is able to get to it by means of “Another Dimension”‘ But, is this science?

I was totally emersed in thought. If I was deep in the woods, I could not be more alone. I took three photographs of the same pool, and noticed something. Is that a comet? A Jet? A UFO?

Then, they came, these beautiful people. They dispersed onto the concrete canvas. Some had pieces of paper.

“What the hell?”

On walls and window sills, and tucked into neat stacks, are pieces that deal with “the physics of liquid formation,” as he calls some of his earlier work. The pieces were influenced by his long association with leading graffiti artists at Fashion Moda.

He realized that the spots left by quick spray bursts looked lifelike. One resembles a group of tiny, fluorescent pink horseshoe crabs. In another piece, he let green paint flow into white, resulting in a latticework resembling moss.

“The physics of liquid formation are the physics of biology,” he said. “This is a liquid formation. But it is also moss. Same thing. That is why I became an artist, to investigate and find new bounds of knowledge.”

He goes to the narrow hallway and hauls out a slab of plywood onto which he had let brown paint flow.

“This is the ‘Monkey Donkey’ thing,” he said. “It’s monkey rides donkey. Totally random. That in itself is totally amazing. I did this and this happened. This is miraculous to me.”


In this video we have a The New Genesis and prophecy of what is yet to be. What I call amebas, are puddles of water that contains the Life Forms of the Mind. From the remains of a chalk drawing a new dimension is overlayed on a reflecting pond.

What is truly extraordinary, is this series of photos. While taking the third shot, I notice a white streak. I lift my camera skyward and take a clear shot. What is that? Is it a bird? A plane? Or a………Super Moda!

I go to see what these students are placing on the ground. They are clear domes that look like flying saucers. They have landed on my private world. They are taking MEASUREMENTS which key to Scientific Experiments. Tonight there’s going to be a meteor shower. One usually looks up to spot a UFO. But, thanks to Stefan, I learned to see things in a different and new way. For the first time in thirty years, I consider myself an artist. I am going to enter the images I captured in a show. I asked Stefan to enter this blog in his show.

“Houston, the Eagle has landed!”


Our Mars Machines had a close encounter with a comet that is seen at 5:00 o clock in a green glow.

“Comet Siding Spring (C/2013 A1) is seen near Mars (the bright object) as a bluish-green orb at the center in this view of the comet’s extremely close flyby of the Red Planet on Oct. 19, 2014. This image was captured by astronomer Nick Howes and colleagues using telescopes at the Siding Spring Observatory.”

What are the odds that it all came together? These students take a measurement once a month, weather permitting. Humans have a sense of TIME which is a science. The timing is impeccable. Ein’s profile is a annual event.

To behold a moving manmade object crossing a pond high in the sky, is a transcendence. That technology put a man on the moon, and a robot on Mars. These puddles are living paintings, even kinetic sculptures when a slight breeze stirs the surface. Remember, there used to be a store on this site, were humans entered and left with merchandise after exchanging currency, a way of counting and measuring.  Two years ago the store was torn down, and artists and astronomers have led the way to return this site to nature and science. But more than that this concrete is a Landing Pad for the Muses. These Muses will take us to other solar systems and we will be identified as UFOs and Aliens. But, when the dust of confusion, settles, they will see us for what we are……………Artists!

“Where are you from?”

“The Museum.”

“Where is that?”

“It is the place we store Other Dimensions and our Time Machine. We can create something from nothing. We can see things others can’t see.”

“Can you teach us how to do these things?”



FLASH: Los Angeles residents better start making their earthquake-preparedness kits — scientists say there’s a 99 percent chance that a quake will rock the city sometime before 2018. 

Using radar and GPS to measure the likelihood of an earthquake, experts from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena predict a 5.0-magnitude shaker — or bigger — for the L.A. area.”

When I saw the video of me following the crack, and coming to a mound of cracks and rubble, I wondered if this was a sign of things to come.

These are the Children of the Future. They have come to Springfield’s Stonehenge to calculate when the next Solstice and Equinox is going to be. Stonehenge is humankinds oldest, and most beautiful monument to Science.

In 1969 I declared myself a ‘New Pre-Raphaelite’.  On this day, I found  ‘The New Proof Brother and Sisterhood’. Don’t you think it is time to massively fund the Arts and Artists, so they may build a Starship? This is how my novel ‘The Gideon Computer’ ends.

October 20, 2015
Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)
For more than 30 years, scientists have argued about a controversial hypothesis relating to periodic mass extinctions and impact craters — caused by comet and asteroid showers — on Earth.

We are creatures that live amongst the stars. There is no proof there exist other creatures like us. Have I provided proof we must leave, and found another world, perhaps in a New Dimension?

Jon Presco

The Dragon Born Elijah

I have seen signs in heaven, and on earth. I gazed in a puddle of rain water, and beheld a comet. I inquired of a lost mural, and found an astrologer who takes measurements. She once painted a comet, that was sand blasted away. There is a gun, a comet, pointed at Sophia’s head. The master of symbols is decoding as fast as he can. Now I understand why so many have tried to stop me from seeing what I shall see. Disproving the Born Again Elijah, has become an extreme necessity. Was not Elijah taken up in a Chariot of Fire?

Who will go with?

I am a long-haired Merovingian Comet King who wears a Starry Crown. I have been doing genealogies. I have come to lead the children – home! Only I have solved the riddle of Rosamunde, the Queen of the Franks. She is the mermaid – combing her hair while gazing in a mirror. I descend from her. She born me again in a shower of falling stars.



“The word comet derives from the Old English cometa from the Latin comēta or comētēs. That, in turn, is a latinisation of the Greek κομήτης (“wearing long hair”), and the Oxford English Dictionary notes that the term (ἀστὴρ) κομήτης already meant “long-haired star, comet” in Greek. Κομήτης was derived from κομᾶν (“to wear the hair long”), which was itself derived from κόμη (“the hair of the head”) and was used to mean “the tail of a comet”.[9][10]

The astronomical symbol for comets is (), consisting of a small disc with three hairlike extensions.[11]

“Do not tell us our world is coming to an end. Kill the messenger!”

Have there been false prophets before me? Perhaps they spoke the truth, on another world, in another dimension?

Copyright 2017

sci10 sci12 sci13 sci14button25


“Children Of The Future”

We are children of the future
Wonder where this world is going to, going to
We are children of the future
Wonder what in this world we are going to do, going to do

If you’re reading this
Than it means we (did not) failed
But all hope’s not lost
It is not, it is not
If these words ring true
My mulatto brew
It has been foretold
It is yours, it is yours

Yes the children are the future
Yes the children are
They’re the next phase, they’re the next stage
They’re the next great, they’re the next wave
Time is on their side

This is how it grows
It will ebb and flow
So don’t lose your knack
Or your heart, or your heart
They will silence you
Try to punish you
You will find your way
In the stars, in the stars

Yes the children are the future
Yes the children are
They’re the next phase, they’re the next stage
They’re the next great, they’re the next wave
Time is on their side

Be all that you can be
Be all we never were
Succeed where we failed
And make them eat it

If you’re reading this
Than it means we failed
But all hope’s not lost
We will not be the last
We will not

Read more: Bloc Party – Children Of The Future Lyrics | MetroLyrics

He notices. To him, these sidewalk tableaux make him ever more convinced that there is a higher intelligence behind it all. In one of his photographs, “From and to Another Dimension,” for instance, a crack in the sidewalk arches through one square, into another and ends in an orange paint splatter.

“I find situations that correlate to my verbal expressions, as if I had created them,” he said, with a tinge of an accent from his native Austria. “But I didn’t create them. But they are there. My theory is that I created them in a different realm of existence.”

sci3 sci2

Above is what I consider a artistic masterpiece. It is beyond being a readymade, because, it has no owner. No artists name can be applied to it. It is not a co-creation. What it is a faint pink line drawn on the cement that was once the floor of a store that was once covered in linoleum. The scratches you see were made when workmen used tools to take the linoleum up. They were aware these tools were scratching the surface. They saw the patterns they left behind, but, never dreamed they were creating a work of art – that did not exist – until folks who put on Springfield’s Chalk Festival mapped out rectangles on the cement using a square a measuring tape. They then folded in half a piece of cardboard, wrote the artists name on it –  that reserved this space – then taped it to the cement. When I captured this plot in the frame of my photograph, I was a new owner, or, co-owner of this plot, because I was the first to render it into a work of art – or so I thought. After I re-framed the concrete, I considered if I was Stefen Ein’s disciple.


What the chalk line is, is CONJURING. It may represent the coming together of the artistic ideas of two Bohemian Artists, they meeting on the edge of the two-dimensional cage that most framed artwork is, or isn’t in some rare cases. This is one of those rarities. With the suggestion of color, I experienced an optical illusion where I saw this plot covered in faint pastel colors, yellow, blue, green. My mind was filling in the blank area. It took some effort to stop my hallucinating and see what was really there. What I would eventually see, is that this work transcends, teleporting, telephoning, telescoping, and, teledesign, a word I just made up. It could be delayed-telepathy where the message has been sent, after the means to receive the message has been launched.

Then I mentioned the Dwan Gallery in Westwood. Stefen mentioned the Dwan Gallery in New York. What we talked about was TELEMUSE, another word I invented. Picture Muse with wings disguised as workmen with hard-hats, they sweating as their muscles create an invisible work of art. Now, you can smell their sweat. There is no owner. This work comes straight from the Muses who are no longer here to inspire us so the muse of price tags can complete the deal.

What they could be doing is installing a new way to look at art from another dimension that can lead to a new science because it transcends the limitation of physical ownership, thus, molecular ownership which has bogged down the dream of a transporter device like the one we see in Star Trek. If you order nothing, nothing is sent to – you! This is the NON-ORDERED universe that will put Amazon out of business, because it is bigger than Amazon.

“Thou shall not want” are the words of a deity that could be two places at once, and has transcended death.  We can see Zephyrs in the clouds. This is the new augury. The augur has laid out the lines for the Stellar Mind Temple. Then, there is Dream Time. tales from, a scarred moon.

When the first rain comes, the Springfield Chalk Art, will wash away. Then there is the chalk lines Ophelia draws on the stone wall in Pan’s Labyrinth. There was a maze made at Fashion Moda. My friend Virginia is kin to the King and Queens of Bohemia. Was a template used to mark the plots of creation? Consider the templum and the auspices of Graffiti Art. Most Americans want to go to a better world. We make doors to – there!

Jon Presco

Copyright 2015

A person’s assumptions or beliefs about the relationship between observations and a hypothesis will affect whether that person takes the observations as evidence.[1] These assumptions or beliefs will also affect how a person utilizes the observations as evidence. For example, the Earth’s apparent lack of motion may be taken as evidence for a geocentric cosmology. However, after sufficient evidence is presented for heliocentric cosmology and the apparent lack of motion is explained, the initial observation is strongly discounted as evidence.

Measurement in Science

First published Mon Jun 15, 2015


I am wearing Merlin’s hat that is full of stars. Did I summon the rain clouds and the sun to make mirrors, crystal balls so I might see into the future?

Measurement is an integral part of modern science as well as of engineering, commerce, and daily life. Measurement is often considered a hallmark of the scientific enterprise and a privileged source of knowledge relative to qualitative modes of inquiry.[1] Despite its ubiquity and importance, there is little consensus among philosophers as to how to define measurement, what sorts of things are measurable, or which conditions make measurement possible. Most (but not all) contemporary authors agree that measurement is an activity that involves interaction with a concrete system with the aim of representing aspects of that system in abstract terms (e.g., in terms of classes, numbers, vectors etc.) But this characterization also fits various kinds of perceptual and linguistic activities that are not usually considered measurements, and is therefore too broad to count as a definition of measurement. Moreover, if “concrete” implies “real”, this characterization is also too narrow, as measurement often involves the representation of ideal systems such as the average household or an electron at complete rest.

Philosophers have written on a variety of conceptual, metaphysical, semantic and epistemological issues related to measurement. This entry will survey the central philosophical standpoints on the nature of measurement, the notion of measurable quantity and related epistemological issues. It will refrain from elaborating on the many discipline-specific problems associated with measurement and focus on issues that have a general character.

1. Overview

Modern philosophical discussions about measurement—spanning from the late nineteenth century to the present day—may be divided into several strands of scholarship. These strands reflect different perspectives on the nature of measurement and the conditions that make measurement possible and reliable. The main strands are mathematical theories of measurement, operationalism, conventionalism, realism, information-theoretic accounts and model-based accounts. These strands of scholarship do not, for the most part, constitute directly competing views. Instead, they are best understood as highlighting different and complementary aspects of measurement. The following is a very rough overview of these perspectives:

  1. Mathematical theories of measurement view measurement as the mapping of qualitative empirical relations to relations among numbers (or other mathematical entities).
  2. Operationalists and conventionalists view measurement as a set of operations that shape the meaning and/or regulate the use of a quantity-term.
  3. Realists view measurement as the estimation of mind-independent properties and/or relations.
  4. Information-theoretic accounts view measurement as the gathering and interpretation of information about a system.
  5. Model-based accounts view measurement as the coherent assignment of values to parameters in a theoretical and/or statistical model of a process.

These perspectives are in principle consistent with each other. While mathematical theories of measurement deal with the mathematical foundations of measurement scales, operationalism and conventionalism are primarily concerned with the semantics of quantity terms, realism is concerned with the metaphysical status of measurable quantities, and information-theoretic and model-based accounts are concerned with the epistemological aspects of measuring. Nonetheless, the subject domain is not as neatly divided as the list above suggests. Issues concerning the metaphysics, epistemology, semantics and mathematical foundations of measurement are interconnected and often bear on one another. Hence, for example, operationalists and conventionalists have often adopted anti-realist views, and proponents of model-based accounts have argued against the prevailing empiricist interpretation of mathematical theories of measurement. These subtleties will become clear in the following discussion.

The list of strands of scholarship is neither exclusive nor exhaustive. It reflects the historical trajectory of the philosophical discussion thus far, rather than any principled distinction among different levels of analysis of measurement. Some philosophical works on measurement belong to more than one strand, while many other works do not squarely fit either. This is especially the case since the early 2000s, when measurement returned to the forefront of philosophical discussion after several decades of relative neglect. This recent body of scholarship is sometimes called “the epistemology of measurement”, and includes a rich array of works that cannot yet be classified into distinct schools of thought. The last section of this entry will be dedicated to surveying some of these developments.

2. Quantity and Magnitude: A Brief History

Although the philosophy of measurement formed as a distinct area of inquiry only during the second half of the nineteenth century, fundamental concepts of measurement such as magnitude and quantity have been discussed since antiquity. According to Euclid’s Elements, a magnitude—such as a line, a surface or a solid—measures another when the latter is a whole multiple of the former (Book V, def. 1 & 2). Two magnitudes have a common measure when they are both whole multiples of some magnitude, and are incommensurable otherwise (Book X, def. 1). The discovery of incommensurable magnitudes allowed Euclid and his contemporaries to develop the notion of a ratio of magnitudes. Ratios can be either rational or irrational, and therefore the concept of ratio is more general than that of measure (Michell 2003, 2004; Grattan-Guinness 1996).

Aristotle distinguished between quantities and qualities. Examples of quantities are numbers, lines, surfaces, bodies, time and place, whereas examples of qualities are justice, health, hotness and paleness (Categories §6 and §8). According to Aristotle, quantities admit of equality and inequality but not of degrees, as “one thing is not more four-foot than another” (ibid. 6.6a19). Qualities, conversely, do not admit of equality or inequality but do admit of degrees, “for one thing is called more pale or less pale than another” (ibid. 8.10b26). Aristotle did not clearly specify whether degrees of qualities such as paleness correspond to distinct qualities, or whether the same quality, paleness, was capable of different intensities. This topic was at the center of an ongoing debate in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries (Jung 2011). Duns Scotus supported the “addition theory”, according to which a change in the degree of a quality can be explained by the addition or subtraction of smaller degrees of that quality (2011: 553). This theory was later refined by Nicole Oresme, who used geometrical figures to represent changes in the intensity of qualities such as velocity (Clagett 1968; Sylla 1971). Oresme’s geometrical representations established a subset of qualities that were amenable to quantitative treatment, thereby challenging the strict Aristotelian dichotomy between quantities and qualities. These developments made possible the formulation of quantitative laws of motion during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (Grant 1996).

The concept of qualitative intensity was further developed by Leibniz and Kant. Leibniz’s “principle of continuity” stated that all natural change is produced by degrees. Leibniz argued that this principle applies not only to changes in extended magnitudes such as length and duration, but also to intensities of representational states of consciousness, such as sounds (Jorgensen 2009; Diehl 2012). Kant is thought to have relied on Leibniz’s principle of continuity to formulate his distinction between extensive and intensive magnitudes. According to Kant, extensive magnitudes are those “in which the representation of the parts makes possible the representation of the whole” (1787: A162/B203). An example is length: a line can only be mentally represented by a successive synthesis in which parts of the line join to form the whole. For Kant, the possibility of such synthesis was grounded in the forms of intuition, namely space and time. Intensive magnitudes, like warmth or colors, also come in continuous degrees, but their apprehension takes place in an instant rather than through a successive synthesis of parts. The degrees of intensive magnitudes “can only be represented through approximation to negation” (1787: A 168/B210), that is, by imagining their gradual diminution until their complete absence.

Scientific developments during the nineteenth century challenged the distinction between extensive and intensive magnitudes. Thermodynamics and wave optics showed that differences in temperature and hue corresponded to differences in spatio-temporal magnitudes such as velocity and wavelength. Electrical magnitudes such as resistance and conductance were shown to be capable of addition and division despite not being extensive in the Kantian sense, i.e., not synthesized from spatial or temporal parts. Moreover, early experiments in psychophysics suggested that intensities of sensation such as brightness and loudness could be represented as sums of “just noticeable differences” among stimuli, and could therefore be thought of as composed of parts (see Section 3.3). These findings, along with advances in the axiomatization of branches of mathematics, motivated some of the leading scientists of the late nineteenth century to attempt to clarify the mathematical foundations of measurement (Maxwell 1873; von Kries 1882; Helmholtz 1887; Mach 1896; Poincaré 1898; Hölder 1901; for historical surveys see Darrigol 2003; Michell 1993, 2003; Cantù and Schlaudt 2013). These works are viewed today as precursors to the body of scholarship known as “measurement theory”.

3. Mathematical Theories of Measurement (“Measurement Theory”)

Mathematical theories of measurement (often referred to collectively as “measurement theory”) concern the conditions under which relations among numbers (and other mathematical entities) can be used to express relations among objects.[2] In order to appreciate the need for mathematical theories of measurement, consider the fact that relations exhibited by numbers—such as equality, sum, difference and ratio—do not always correspond to relations among the objects measured by those numbers. For example, 60 is twice 30, but one would be mistaken in thinking that an object measured at 60 degrees Celsius is twice as hot as an object at 30 degrees Celsius. This is because the zero point of the Celsius scale is arbitrary and does not correspond to an absence of temperature.[3] Similarly, numerical intervals do not always carry empirical information. When subjects are asked to rank on a scale from 1 to 7 how strongly they agree with a given statement, there is no prima facie reason to think that the intervals between 5 and 6 and between 6 and 7 correspond to equal increments of strength of opinion. To provide a third example, equality among numbers is transitive [if (a=b & b=c) then a=c] but empirical comparisons among physical magnitudes reveal only approximate equality, which is not a transitive relation. These examples suggest that not all of the mathematical relations among numbers used in measurement are empirically significant, and that different kinds of measurement scale convey different kinds of empirically significant information.

The study of measurement scales and the empirical information they convey is the main concern of mathematical theories of measurement. In his seminal 1887 essay, “Counting and Measuring”, Hermann von Helmholtz phrased the key question of measurement theory as follows:

[W]hat is the objective meaning of expressing through denominate numbers the relations of real objects as magnitudes, and under what conditions can we do this? (1887: 4)

Broadly speaking, measurement theory sets out to (i) identify the assumptions underlying the use of various mathematical structures for describing aspects of the empirical world, and (ii) draw lessons about the adequacy and limits of using these mathematical structures for describing aspects of the empirical world. Following Otto Hölder (1901), measurement theorists often tackle these goals through formal proofs, with the assumptions in (i) serving as axioms and the lessons in (ii) following as theorems. A key insight of measurement theory is that the empirically significant aspects of a given mathematical structure are those that mirror relevant relations among the objects being measured. For example, the relation “bigger than” among numbers is empirically significant for measuring length insofar as it mirrors the relation “longer than” among objects. This mirroring, or mapping, of relations between objects and mathematical entities constitutes a measurement scale. As will be clarified below, measurement scales are usually thought of as isomorphisms or homomorphisms between objects and mathematical entities.

Other than these broad goals and claims, measurement theory is a highly heterogeneous body of scholarship. It includes works that span from the late nineteenth century to the present day and endorse a wide array of views on the ontology, epistemology and semantics of measurement. Two main differences among mathematical theories of measurement are especially worth mentioning. The first concerns the nature of the relata, or “objects”, whose relations numbers are supposed to mirror. These relata may be understood in at least four different ways: as concrete individual objects, as qualitative observations of concrete individual objects, as abstract representations of individual objects, or as universal properties of objects. Which interpretation is adopted depends in large part on the author’s metaphysical and epistemic commitments. This issue will be especially relevant to the discussion of realist accounts of measurement (Section 5). Second, different measurement theorists have taken different stands on the kind of empirical evidence that is required to establish mappings between objects and numbers. As a result, measurement theorists have come to disagree about the necessary conditions for establishing the measurability of attributes, and specifically about whether psychological attributes are measurable. Debates about measurability have been highly fruitful for the development of measurement theory, and the following subsections will introduce some of these debates and the central concepts developed therein.

3.1 Fundamental and derived measurement

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries several attempts were made to provide a universal definition of measurement. Although accounts of measurement varied, the consensus was that measurement is a method of assigning numbers to magnitudes. For example, Helmholtz (1887: 17) defined measurement as the procedure by which one finds the denominate number that expresses the value of a magnitude, where a “denominate number” is a number together with a unit, e.g., 5 meters, and a magnitude is a quality of objects that is amenable to ordering from smaller to greater, e.g., length. Bertrand Russell similarly stated that measurement is

any method by which a unique and reciprocal correspondence is established between all or some of the magnitudes of a kind and all or some of the numbers, integral, rational or real. (1903: 176)

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Buck vs. Bannon In Intellectual Slug Fest – NOT!

Buck Money, left by Beryl Buck to THE POOR, is paying for an elite learning center that just moved to the old Hamilton Air Force Base. Will Robert Buck Rogers and his MILLION AIR buddies be flying in to shoot the shit, and, impress the fuck out of the HAVE NOTS? If you got it – flaunt it!

“Don’t they look so little from up here. I feel like a Greek God. How about you?”

We have come to the end of The Gideon Computer which is housed in this quaint suburban home in Novato. It is a façade! There are no classes held in this house. They have an image of old library card catalogue  like the one my protagonist looked in to find info on Nazi Hard Water manufacturing. This is where the Chosen Ones come for a Big Krell Brain Boost so they can be a cut above, and not be a part of common reality. This is a very expensive Non-Drug&Alcohol method to achieve an altered state of mind. The poor will be sucking on a bottle of Thunderbird wine, and sniffing lighter fluid.

In the end, I have poor Gideon Prisoners unveiling the Star Ship they designed – at a hangar!

Big-brained Steve Bannon has declared war on everyone. The Buck Institute for Education must apply its teaching methods, and have its students engage Breitbart Bozos in a Intellectual Slug Fest! I see Bot Battles held in Hangar N0.9. Stop boring the young people. Have Mr. Greene fly Bannon in wearing a gold cape!

Robert Buck started out with good intentions, but, after he had that long conversation with Rosamond at the gallery, he was never the same. Christine knew KRELL THINK, and was trying to harness the Monsters of Her Id. Bob Buck got a unintended boost, and he became addicted. This is why he bid Sneaky Snyder to deaden Rosamond’s fame.

The focus at BIE is apathy. After being taught to turn a blind eye to all problems that don’t concern them, and concentrate on their insolated lifestyle inside the vortex, it is hard to get the students motivated like Berkeley students, and other Bay Area college students.

The gentleman above in fake cowboy hat titles his students ‘Solutionaires’ which suggest having money is better than not having money. Wanting what your parents got is boring.

“Never talk back to any Adult Solutionary, or you be a poor garbage man.”


Jon Presco

More than 200 Liberty University alumni have signed on to a Facebook group proposing they return their degrees in protest of University President Jerry Falwell Jr.’s unwavering support of President Donald Trump.

The movement follows a tweet by Falwell that applauded Trump’s response to the recent events in Charlottesville, Virginia.

The new office building at Hamilton Landing, as seen in a site plan, would be next to Hangar No. 7 along Hangar Avenue. (Courtesy of Newmark Cornish & Carey)The new office building at Hamilton Landing, as seen in a site plan, would be next to Hangar No. 7 along Hangar Avenue. (Courtesy of Newmark Cornish & Carey)

Developers want to build a hangar replica for office space near the refurbished military hangars in the Hamilton area of Novato. The complex has 30 commercial tenants in seven hangars. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)Developers want to build a hangar replica for office space near the refurbished military hangars in the Hamilton area of Novato. The complex has 30 commercial tenants in seven hangars. (Alan Dep/Marin Independent Journal)

A replica hangar is in the works to bring 54,000 square feet of new office space to Hamilton Landing at Novato’s former air base.

The owners of the 410,000-square-foot property off Hangar Avenue hope to construct a building modeled after the historic aircraft hangars on remaining vacant land.

“The decision with the current ownership is we’ve had a lot of success with the look and historic nature of the hangars, so build something that looks similar to the hangars out there,” said Haden Ongaro, of San Rafael-based Newmark Cornish and Carey, which has leased out the hangars since 1998. “They’d be two-story buildings. They’d have glass space on either side like the existing ones, a high, open truss on the top floor — like a brand new version of the hangars already there.”

Portland-based ScanlanKemperBard Co. purchased Hamilton Landing, a commercial space with seven renovated hangars and sweeping views of open space, for about $82 million in 2015.

The hangars were transformed into office space in the late 1990s. Today they are occupied by 30 businesses, among them Take-Two Interactive Software Inc., the Marin Community Foundation and the Novato YMCA at Hamilton.

With the hangars fully leased out, the property owners decided it was time to create more office space in the unconventional buildings.

“We continue to have interest but no space to lease, which is what prompted us to push this effort further along,” said Gregory Scharlemann, senior vice president with ScanlanKemperBard.

The proposed eighth hangar, slated to sit in front of Hangar No. 7 with the control tower, could house up to four or five organizations, with one group potentially taking over an entire floor. No tenants have committed to moving in.

“I think a logical thing, just because of Marin’s makeup, it could be a technology company, it could be another gaming company, it could be a life science company,” Ongaro said of potential tenants.

Lease rates for the new hangar would be “significantly higher” than space in the existing hangars, which are being leased at $3.35 per foot, Ongaro said. He said the increased cost would offset building costs.

Within the next two months, the project is expected to go before Novato’s Design Review Commission, kicking off the expected six- to nine-month process to obtain a building permit.

Scharlemann said the hangars are coveted because of their open atriums, high ceilings and unique environment.

He said the hangars’ tenants have been stable in past months, with the Buck Institute for Education the last group to move into a 7,000-square-foot space last month.


Since 2015, the Marin County Free Library relocated from Hangar No. 6 to a county-owned site in spring 2015; the ExecRanks moved into Hangar No. 4 in summer 2015; and Worldwise Inc. moved to Hangar No. 6 in late 2015. In spring 2016, MCM Wealth Management moved to Hangar No. 3, and Horizon Pharmaceutical purchased Raptor Pharmaceutical in Hangar No. 7 in fall 2016.

Monique LeSage, a resident of the Villas at Hamilton, a community situated just across Hangar Avenue from Hamilton Landing, said she is against the addition of more office space at the commercial strip.

“They have enough office room now for a residential neighborhood,” she said. “I don’t know where they’re going to park the cars. Under the hangars? It doesn’t make sense to me. It’s just more greed.”

Adam Clein, a Novato resident who does not live in Hamilton but visits the neighborhood several times a week for dog walking, said he has concerns that added office space could drastically increase traffic in the area.

“Especially along Nave (Drive),” he said. “It gets busy here getting to the highway.”

The Hamilton Field air base, named for Marin fighting ace Lloyd Andrew Hamilton, was built in the 1930s. The site fell into disrepair after the Air Force returned the land to the city of Novato in 1974.

Ongaro said the site’s history is what makes the hangars so popular.

“The tenants really appreciate the history of it being a former base and the reuse of interesting structures,” he said. “I think if somebody just built a traditional office building in that location, it wouldn’t be nearly as successful.”

The National Faculty team is a hand-picked group of seasoned teachers, administrators, school coaches, authors, and PBL experts who conduct professional development activities on behalf of BIE. Each National Faculty member brings his or her own areas of expertise as well as a comprehensive understanding of the BIE Project Based Learning (PBL) model, an instructional reform approach that embodies student-centered, 21st century teaching and learning. In addition to leading PBL professional development activities in the U.S. and abroad, the National Faculty also functions as a professional learning organization, where members innovate, develop and share PBL practices and knowledge.

Project Based Learning’s time has come. The experience of thousands of teachers across all grade levels and subject areas, backed by research, confirms that PBL is an effective and enjoyable way to learn – and develop deeper learning competencies required for success in college, career, and civic life. Why are so many educators across the United States and around the world interested in this teaching method? The answer is a combination of timeless reasons and recent developments.

Teacher Professional Development

BIE provides Core Professional Development Services to hundreds of schools in the U.S. and abroad. This exemplary professional development is anchored in two primary forms of support. The PBL 101 Workshop is BIE’s foundational three-day (consecutive, 7.0 hours per day, including lunch) onsite workshop. After our PBL 101 Workshop, we provide on-site Sustained Support Visits since research and experience show that follow-up is necessary for successful professional development, transformation of practice and the sustainability of the PBL initiative.

Learn more »

Systemic PBL Implementation Services

BIE provides systemic PBL implementation services to more than 25 U.S. school systems in support of more than 10,000 teachers. BIE partners with these systems to ensure the sustainability of Gold Standard PBL as an instructional practice. PBL is most successful when the appropriate culture and structures are in place to support it. Our systemic partnerships vary in size and scope but are always aligned with existing strategic plans and innovation goals. Our proprietary planning model results in a three-year PBL initiative that has as its goal the sustainable implementation of PBL across a system. The plan generates a flexible but structured rollout of professional development. It outlines benchmarks and goals.

Learn more »

PBL Institutes for All

BIE partners with regional organizations to conduct PBL Institutes to support educators seeking high quality, cost-effective professional development for PBL. At a minimum, a PBL Institute includes three sessions of our foundational Gold Standard PBL 101 Workshop, along with at least one of the following services: PBL Leadership Academy, PBL Coaching Academy, and PBL 201 workshops. Some Institutes also feature keynote speakers.

Learning’s time has come. The experience of thousands of teachers across all grade levels and subject areas, backed by research, confirms that PBL is an effective and enjoyable way to learn – and develop deeper learning competencies required for success in college, career, and civic life. Why are so many educators across the United States and around the world interested in this teaching method? The answer is a combination of timeless reasons and recent developments.

  • PBL makes school more engaging for students. Today’s students, more than ever, often find school to be boring and meaningless. In PBL, students are active, not passive; a project engages their hearts and minds, and provides real-world relevance for learning.
  • PBL improves learning. After completing a project, students understand content more deeply, remember what they learn and retain it longer than is often the case with traditional instruction. Because of this, students who gain content knowledge with PBL are better able to apply what they know and can do to new situations.
  • PBL builds success skills for college, career, and life. In the 21st century workplace and in college, success requires more than basic knowledge and skills. In a project, students learn how to take initiative and responsibility, build their confidence, solve problems, work in teams, communicate ideas, and manage themselves more effectively.
  • PBL helps address standards. The Common Core and other present-day standards emphasize real-world application of knowledge and skills, and the development of success skills such as critical thinking/problem solving, collaboration, communication in a variety of media, and speaking and presentation skills. PBL is an effective way to meet these goals.
  • PBL provides opportunities for students to use technology. Students are familiar with and enjoy using a variety of tech tools that are a perfect fit with PBL. With technology, teachers and students can not only find resources and information and create products, but also collaborate more effectively, and connect with experts, partners, and audiences around the world.
  • PBL makes teaching more enjoyable and rewarding. Projects allow teachers to work more closely with active, engaged students doing high-quality, meaningful work, and in many cases to rediscover the joy of learning alongside their students.
  • PBL connects students and schools with communities and the real world. Projects enable students to solve problems and address issues important to them, their communities, and the world. Students learn how to interact with adults and organizations, are exposed to workplaces and adult jobs, and can develop career interests. Parents and community members can be involved in projects.
  • PBL promotes educational equity. All students deserve PBL, since a great project can have a powerful effect and help them reach their potential, and even be transformative for young people. A project that makes a real-world impact can give students a sense of agency and purpose; they see that they can make a difference in their community and the world beyond it.
  • Asia Society
    The Asia Society’s education mission is to develop global competence in students, young leaders, and educators as the foundation for understanding between people in the Asia Pacific region and throughout the world. It works with public schools throughout the United States in its International Studies Schools Network to prepare students to be globally competent and ready for the global innovation age. Visit the Site »
    Big Picture Learning
    Big Picture Learning’s mission is the education of a nation, one student at a time. As a non-profit organization dedicated to a fundamental redesign of education in the United States, Big Picture Learning’s (BPL) vision is to catalyze vital changes in K-Adult education by generating and sustaining innovative, personalized learning environments that work in tandem with the real world of their greater community. Visit the Site »
    Catholic Diocese of Parramatta
    As well as nurturing the spiritual lives of the hundreds of thousands of Catholics in its care, the Diocese supports thousands more in the local community. Its Catholic education system is committed to giving every student a quality education, while CatholicCare and its other agencies and ministries work alongside local people from all walks of life, as well as organizations committed to enhancing the way of life we enjoy in Western Sydney. Visit the Site »
    Coalition of Essential Schools
    The Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) is at the forefront of creating and sustaining personalized, equitable, and intellectually challenging schools. Essential schools are places of powerful learning where all students have the chance to reach their fullest potential. Visit the Site »
    ConnectEd: The California Center for College and Career is dedicated to advancing practice, policy, and research aimed at helping young people prepare for both college and career through Linked Learning — a high school improvement approach. As the national hub for Linked Learning practice, ConnectEd develops tools, supports demonstration projects, provides technical assistance, leads collaboration, and promotes policies that expand high-quality pathways.
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Capturing Sleeping Beauty At Rosamond Gallery

I am the Gideon Institute. I have overcome the world!

Rosamond Press

The work of Disney Artist, Eyvind Earle, hung in the Rosamond Gallery in Carmel. Eyvind illustrated ‘Sleeping Beauty’.

When I was eleven I read all the Grimm’s Fairytales in a month. When my sixteen year old daughter came into my life, I compared her to Sleeping Beauty, who was name ‘Rosamond’. I soon realized she was ‘The Family Sleeper’ who was fresh and untainted. When Heather Hanson came into my life for the first time, I offered to teach her Rosamond’s Style. After giving birth to my grandson, Tyler, she had to focus on being a good mother. Hoping to leave a creative legacy to my grandson, I founded this company just hours ago.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2017

Eyvind Earle (April 26, 1916 – July 20, 2000) was an American artist, author and illustrator, noted for his contribution to the background illustration and styling of Disney

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I Saved Ed Corbin’s Life

We have arrived at the Gideon Institute of Prophecy. With the eclipse comes FULL EXPOSURE. The meek will inherit the earth!

Rosamond Press



Ed Corbin was my neighbor, who lived next door to Hollis Williams who died two years ago. I adopted our mutual friend and paid for his funeral from the $30,000 dollars left to my by my uncle in a Trust. I paid for half of the memorial held at the Campbell Senior Center, across the street from Ed. Above is a photo of me spreading Hollis’s ashes. I worked with Hud-Vash to get H into a apartment.

For years I would bicycle to Ed’s house after blogging for ten hours. We plaid video games. After he had several strokes, I took him to Serenity Lane were he stayed a month. After three months sober, he went back to drinking, and had more strokes. His three sons wanted me to spend more time with Ed, who saw these video games as therapy. It worked. Ed’s recovery from the strokes is a miracle…

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Private Air Force

Is this Buck’s dream? I saw this coming! The Buck Institute needs to be turned into the Buck Peace Center For the Protection Of Poor People From Holy War. Erik Prince sees himself as a Christian Knight on Crusade. 911 has given a boost the Ult-Right and the Republican Party hatred of poor people. There are billions to be had. The Creative Bohemian World used to stand in the way. The Bay Area used to be the Peace Center of the World. Poor old hippies need to be studied before we die in order to preserve a alternative way. ALT-WAY.

Jon Presco

Erik D. Prince, a founder of the private security firm Blackwater Worldwide, and Stephen A. Feinberg, a billionaire financier who owns the giant military contractor DynCorp International, have developed proposals to rely on contractors instead of American troops in Afghanistan at the behest of Stephen K. Bannon, Mr. Trump’s chief strategist, and Jared Kushner, his senior adviser and son-in-law, according to people briefed on the conversations.

Dozens of American-trained dogs were killed by a Kuwaiti-based company last week, according to multiple reports, though there are conflicting explanations for the deaths.

An Instagram post by the Kuwait Animal Rescue Unit showed the dogs’ bodies piled on top of each other in a narrow hallway and called the action by Eastern Securities of Kuwait a “horrifying animal abuse/massacre.”

Read more here:

On Saturday morning, Mr. Bannon sought out Defense Secretary Jim Mattis at the Pentagon to try to get a hearing for their ideas, an American official said. Mr. Mattis listened politely but declined to include the outside strategies in a review of Afghanistan policy that he is leading along with the national security adviser, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster.

Mattis and McMaster have promised to deliver their revised Afghanistan strategy to President Trump this month, and while they’re smart enough to know that not all military contracting is evil, they’re not stupid enough to put stock in Prince, a truly unscrupulous money-eating slug jammed into the cold husk of a crew-cut, flag-pin-flaunting patriot.

The White House is actively considering a bold plan to turn over a big chunk of the U.S. war in Afghanistan to private contractors in an effort to turn the tide in a stalemated war, according to the former head of a security firm pushing the project.

Under the proposal, 5,500 private contractors, primarily former Special Operations troops, would advise Afghan combat forces. The plan also includes a 90-plane private air force that would provide air support in the nearly 16-year-old war against Taliban insurgents, Erik Prince, founder of the Blackwater security firm, told USA TODAY.

The unprecedented proposal comes as the U.S.-backed Afghan military faces a stalemate in the war and growing frustration by President Trump about the lack of progress in the war.

The U.S. military has 8,400 U.S. troops there to train and guide local forces. They do not have a direct combat role, and presumably would be replaced gradually by the contractors.

Afghan National Air Corps L-39 Albatross jets take off in a formation practice for an aerial parade for Afghan National Day in Kabul. The head of the private security firm formerly known as Blackwater wants to provide a private air force to supplement the Afghan’s fledgling fleet.

WASHINGTON — Erik Prince, the former CEO of the private military company known as Blackwater, wants to step up the Afghan air war with a private air force capable of intelligence collection and close-air support, according to a recent proposal submitted to the Afghan government.

According to a senior Afghan military official, Prince has submitted a business proposal offering a “turn-key composite air wing” to help the fledgling Afghan air force in its fight against the Taliban and other militant groups.

The development comes as the White House is considering a plan to draw down the U.S. involvement in Afghanistan and replace the ensuing power vacuum with contractors.

Pentagon officials are skeptical of that plan. Moreover, a senior Afghan defense official told Military Times that U.S. Army Gen. John Nicholson, the commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, has refused to meet with Prince regarding the contractor plan.

Military Times has reached out to U.S. military officials in Afghanistan for a comment on Nicholson’s meeting or lack thereof with Prince and have yet to receive a reply.

The proposal submitted to the Afghan government in March boasts an impressive array of combat aircraft for a private company. The aircraft offered in the proposal includes fixed-wing planes, attack helicopters and drones capable of providing close-air support to maneuvering ground forces, according to a copy of the proposal obtained by Military Times.

The proposal promises to provide ”high speed response” close-air support and ”the entire country can be responded to in under 1 hour.”  The proposal states that weapons release decisions will still be made by Afghans.

The air frames are also outfitted with equipment to provide intelligence collection that includes imagery intelligence, signals intelligence and communications intelligence. The aircraft would be operated by the private company’s employees.

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