Lima Bean


Vicent Rosamond Rice

Copyright 2021

NOTES – for a series and movie about the Lima Bean Prophecy. I posted the following at 10:20 A.M. and listened to the video of Rico Fonseca. If I had coffee in my mouth – I would have spit it out onto my computer when Rico said;

“I’m from Lima Peru!”

I texted Peter last night and told him we have a Grail story. Tortilla Flat is a Grail story. I told Pete there was a special path of Lima beans in Camarillo that produce a magic bean that makes the affects of Chem Trails go away. If Ruben does not want to be in Lima Bean – we may have a replacement.

When Rico was put on the boat to America, his parents gave him a pot of Lima Beans and told them they are very special beans.

“Go plant them in the valley of your ancestor in California and raise a large family that will be a dyansty one day.”

Did Rico listen? No. He wanted to be a Beatnik Artist in the Village where he befriended Christine and her daughter Julie. Some books, write themselves. Here is a pic of Peter and the musician, Tim O’Connor, who lived with me in a Alameda Victorian, where Peter planted gourds, as he was want to do in the backyard of all his friends. He was in the business of making Kalimbas. Ijust posted this on Rico’s Facebook;

“Rico! I too am a artist. I taught my sister how to paint and she became world famous. I just listened to your video again, and am amazed to learn you are from Lima Peru. The Mayan gods have been good to you. They bid you to be extra kind to Christine and Julie. You Villagers are going to be in my story.”

FLASH! Peter Shapiro and I just exchanged these messages:

PETER: 11:03 A.M. Dec 13, 2021. “ill back a “back to the 60’s” festival on my campgrounds.


I took Marilyn to see the movie Withering Heights on our first date. She took me to see the movie Black Orpheus on our second date. She was putting me to – The Test! On our fourth date, she took me to see her good friend, Jazz drummer Les McCann. I passed another test.

Nancy Hamren was the first girl I ever kissed. We were twelve. She dated Mountain Girl’s brother, Gordon, and got me on the bus with Ken Kesey when I graduated from Serenity Lane in 1987. A year later I took the Vow of the Nazarite and wrote a long letter to the Zulu-Nazarites of South Africa informing them I was one with them. Nancy and I passed the Acid Test, ut missed the performances of The Loading Zone and the Marbles, that Peter Shapiro played in. That is the Zone in front of the 13th. Street house where I met Christine, who was the first person I made love with.

Marilyn was a model. My wife Mary Ann and I slept in her bed on our wedding night because Mary Ann hates hotels and motels. Marilyn made the dress MA is wearing. She was good friends of Mimi and Richard Farina. She lived with Thomas Pynchon in Mexico. With the discovery that Ruben Blades, Santana, and Fela played on stage together, my dream of producing a miracle may come true.

I posted this message on Rico Fonseca’s Facebook. Christine contends he owes her a new roof. I do not want more villains in my Nazarite Vision Quest. We can swing the arm of the pendulum the other way. I have had several fallings out with Marilyn over race relations. People of color drawing lines in the sand was not going to work – and I dare say so! Making any race unconformable about their skin color, will get a negative reaction. I recommend Marilyn Reed for any production on this matter. She put on a great show at the Hult Center.

John ‘The Nazarite’

Hello Rico. I have known your neighbor Christine Wandel for 55 years. I am writing a book and a series about Christine’s musician friends helping her put a new roof on her house in Wilkes-Barre. Do you want to be in our show? My friend says there is new roofing material in the house you sold her. Do you know how it got there?

Artist of Greenwich Village Rico Fonseca By http://www.roadjournal.com/NY/rico.htm – YouTube

Rico Fonseca – Greenwich Village Artist Photo Gallery by Hubert Steed at pbase.com

Take The Vow of The Nazarite | Rosamond Press

My La La Dance Movie 3 | Rosamond Press

P. long live the gourdmobile originally invented 50 years ago

G. I want to write book about you called Kid Boston. Hippie Pulp Fiction. The cover will have you ad black girfriend stepping over Neil Cassidy on way to a gig.. Chris needs new roof so Im going to author 18 hancock street a poe like novel. Full of woe and gore. Time to cop out while we can. Gourdmania. Cassidy went to Mexico to find Gourdzilla.

P I may need you to do some rant poetry while my group nutsack plays quetly behind you.

G I wrote a poem about Christine watching me do a painting in from of kenny reeds jazz band. We did jazz and poetry for four years with Izzy Whetstone. What happened to malcom and willy/

P. fly in well havee a amish roof raising inclding a couple of shitty rent parties.

G. I’m too old to climb on a chair

P. dangle down from a large drone.

Series starts with johann gourdseed eastbound in a greyhound driking gourd wine on the way to do the roofing job. When he enters the empty house full of mangy cats the limey appears holding a mumified head shrunked head in a small box.

G Edgar Allan Poe

P. Marras the roofer?

G. Were on the same page. Marras who owned the Knight Owl. His story is up for grabs.

Hippie bootleggers in West Virginia making hootch with gourd mask. New hippie bootleggers take over the village. It aint over till the fat lady sings.

Hello Rico. I have known your neighbor Christine Wandel for 55 years. I am writing a book and a series about Christine’s musician friends helping her put a new roof on her house in Wilkes-Barre. Do you want to be in our show? My friend says there is new roofing material in the house you sold her. Do you know how it got there?

Zulu Nazarites and Black Hebrews

Posted on January 23, 2019 by Royal Rosamond Press

How did I miss the Black Hebrew Israelites who I learned of yesterday. I declared myself a member of Shembe’s Nazarite Church thirty years ago. I have been mocked, and my life threatened by white anarchists.


These two groups have nothing to do with each other.

Seer Jon


The Black Hebrew Israelites involved argue that they are being unfairly singled out in attempts to excuse the students’ treatment of Phillips.

Ephraim Israel, a Hebrew Israelite present on Friday, told the Washington Post that the students were “mocking me as I was trying to teach my brothers, so, yes, the attention turned to them.”

“I explained to them, you want to build the wall for Mexicans and other indigenous people, but you’ve never seen a black or a Mexican shoot up a school,” he said.

While the longer video does show the men taunting other march attendees before turning to the students, who begin to chant and yell in response, Phillips has also told media outlets that he had problems with the students even before their confrontation with the Black Hebrew Israelites. And other videos posted by people on the National Mall that day seem to show Covington students harassing other people in the area near the Indigenous Peoples March.

On Saturday, Shar Yaqataz Banyamyan, another member of the Black Hebrew Israelites present on Friday, discussed the situation on Facebook Live. He argued that his groups’ comments toward the students — which included claims that the students were “Donald Trump incest babies” and “dogs” — were “just rhetoric.”

“Nobody started your children to mount up on us and surround us and start chanting and doing so-called indigenous dances mocking the march,” Banyamyan said.

Zulu Nazarite Prophets

Posted on May 13, 2016by Royal Rosamond Press


When John Gainer came on stage at the Hult Center, I had no idea he was going to sing a Zulu song. Marilyn did not tell me much about the show she was co-producing. She wanted to surprise me. I was surprised!

In 1988 I declared myself a Nazarite, and baptized myself in the McKenzie River. I went to town and got on the internet at the Eugene Public Library. I was looking for other Nazarites. I found them in South Africa. I wrote them.

A year earlier, after reading all of Luke for the first time, I asked Jesus to come into my life and help me with the darkness of Family Incest. He appeared, and said this;

“I and my Father in Heaven are already working on this matter. Be not afraid. Spiritual Courage will be met with Spiritual Courage.”

Rejected by the local church, I found an infinity for John the Baptist who I was named after.  Two hours ago I googled John and Incest. I don’t know why I never did this. I was shocked to see it is a topic being discussed – openly!

After coming into the light, I found my childhood sweetheart again. She invited me to hear the choir she sang in. Inspirational Gospel Sounds of Eugene, is open to everyone. You can be an atheist and sing songs about God. They have always been my Zulu Nazarite Church in America.

Molested children are too young to form a religious opinion. Often, they become super loyal to their abusers. The Truth – does set them free!

At Kenny Reed’s Jazz and Poetry readings, I read my poem ‘Wake Up Ye Africans’ and did a version of the dance you see performed by the men in white.

Play top two videos at same time.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2016


Zulu Nazarites Rebuild Temple?

Posted on November 27, 2018by Royal Rosamond Press

Here is true prophecy in regards to Simon Roche.

The Black Doll Of La La Land

Posted on March 4, 2017 by Royal Rosamond Press


On our second date Marilyn took me to see ‘Black Orpheus’ at the Nuart theater on Santa Monica Blvd. M thinks it was the Tivoli. When I see Mia drive by the Rialto theater, I start to choke. My ‘It Girl’ put her hand on my arm, to comfort me.

“Are you all right?”

“No! I’m having an attack of dejevue!

When we emerged from the theater, M asked me what I thought.

“I think I am a black man trapped in a white man’s body!”

Marilyn looked at me, perturbed. I didn’t know it then that she was setting me up for the greatest White vs. Black Culture Clash – of all time!

“I can dance! Really dance! I stole a LP from Rexall drug store when I was fourteen. I still have it. I used to dance to ‘African Drums’ before I went to school, and after, to relieve the tension. I hate school!”

I am sure Marilyn told Kenny Reed about the black soul lurking inside, me, and that’s why I am the only white man he hates in the Emerald Valley.

Being a Poor White-Black Person, with no money to take M on our first date. Rosemary suggested we go see Wurthering Heights at UCLA, where she went for two years. It was my first date. I tried not to show I was nervous. We did not hold hands, or touch one another inside the movie house. I knew she was waiting for The Kiss. I wanted a really grand kiss! A real movie kiss!

It was nighttime. As we walked the brick path, all of a sudden, I grabbed Marilyn’s hand and, cried!

“Let’s see if we can get to the top of that tower!”

We ran as hard as we could, we bothing laughing! The door was unlocked. There was no one anywhere as we bounded up the stairs! We found the door to the balcony, and looked down on the city lights. We were fifteen and sixteen. I shouted;

“Let’s go to the top of that tower!”

And down the stairs we ran! We conquered both towers! We owned La La Land!

We had people to run from. My best friend, Mark Owen, said this to me;

“I’m going to destroy you. I’m going to take Marilyn from you!”

Mark became Marilyn’s best friend’s lover.

Then, there was Jeff Pasternak, the movie producer’s son, who approached us at school. There was a dark jealousy deep inside. He had a crush on M before I came along. He did not respond to any the e-mails you have read in this blog. He was rich. M and her family were so poor. I was poor. We began to fret over money so we could fund our True Romance. M’s mother was really on my case! Mia’s phone call with her mother – ruined them, ruined the…………

‘The Greatest Love Story Ever Told!’

We never considering cashing in, because our story kept getting bigger and better. M’s half-brother took us to see Dizzy Gillespie at the Lighthouse in Hermosa beach. We would never be the same!

If La La Land resembles any movie, it is Black Orpheus, who was the greatest musician of all time. He was a married man. Mia and Sebastian, did not get married – yet!

Orpheus did not take his lyre into Hades to retrieve his beautiful wife, who had been captured by Death, and his minion of the underworld!

Do you see what Marilyn is holding in her hand? It looks like a Black Oscar. It is the black doll her sister, Shauna gave her. S married Ron Jeffers, Les MaCann’s drummer. She told me she would stay at her sister’s house in Watts. S & M would walk down the street together, in this Black Ghetto. No one fucked with them. M told me they walked past the Watts Towers on the way to Jazz clubs no white man ever entered. When I saw the Watts towers in La La Land, I knew it was A RIP!

Before M married Kenny, she told me not to anyone J.J. Johns kiss her on the couch after he made dinner for her in his apartment in Watts. He wanted to go all they way.

“I’m only fifteen!” she said. But, I think she lied.

What M is holding in her hand, is the Oscar not offered to all the Black Jazz Artists, who created a scene that was the Soul of the City of Angels. It is something else. It is M’s Oscar for the Best Love Story – of all time!

I begged my daughter, and my beautiful muses, to not give up on The Story………

“For all is well, that ends well!”

Everyone thought I was mad when I told them there is so much Illusion and Fakery, that I am compelled to give all I have – for free! For I have seen a Greater Reality. I have beheld, the Great Art. And, this is what we fought over, M and I. I told my love I was corrupting my Creative Soul – by even dwelling in La La Land! I’m sixteen years old having these incredible esoteric conversation up at the Mormon Temple, where we looked down on the city lights. It was our constant stage!

Mia booked out of there after her little stage, with the painted Eifel Tower, failed her. She was destined for The Real Thing!

Jon Presco

Copyright 2017



“Vivien Leigh was my heroine,” Elizabeth once said. “She was innocence on the verge of decadence, always there to be saved.”

On our first date, Marilyn Godfrey and I went to see ‘Withering Heights’ in an auditorium on the grounds of the University of California at Los Angeles. Not having any money, and our mothers being poor, this love story was chosen because it being shown for free. Our father’s were absent from the home. We got no help from them in launching our fifty-five year friendship that began with the deep consideration as to how this agreement between two teenagers was going to go. Would I make it to first base, or, will we make excuses as to why we have to hurry home?

“My mother just got another calling from God. I feel it in my bones. I must rush home to be by her side.”

“My mother has just finished off a gallon of Pisano and his pulling my sister;s hair out by the root. I can feel her pain. I must rush home to protect her. See ya sometime!”

I was fifteen. I had never been on a date, and thus did not know what a bad date looked or felt like. I was at the mercy of Marilyn who had gone on several dates. She had kissed – how many of them? I kissed my childhood friend Nancy when we were both twelve. I assumed she was a good kisser. I had not kissed a girl hence. This kiss was  waiting in the wing, as Heathcliffe made his famous haunted pledge. I include most of his commitment to love, because, at the end of our long bond, I receive a death threat from Marilyn’s black husband, and, a Cease and Desist from the black Director of the Gospel Choir Marilyn is the President of. For the moment, we are studying how White Folks love, in Merry Ol England made famous for this tale of woe.

May she wake in torment!‘ he cried, with frightful vehemence, stamping his foot, and groaning in a sudden paroxysm of ungovernable passion. ‘Why, she’s a liar to the end! Where is she? Not there—not in heaven—not perished—where? Oh! you said you cared nothing for my sufferings! And I pray one prayer—I repeat it till my tongue stiffens—Catherine Earnshaw, may you not rest as long as I am living; you said I killed you—haunt me, then! The murdered do haunt their murderers, I believe. I know that ghosts have wandered on earth. Be with me always—take any form—drive me mad! only do not leave me in this abyss, where I cannot find you! Oh, God! it is unutterable! cannot live without my life! I cannot die without my soul!’

Wow! So this is – love! You can’t even share anything that resembles this in a AA meeting without being accused of being selfish, and on a dry drunk. But, at fifteen Marilyn and I would give it a go. However, this was not our only blue print. M had a master plan that I still have not seen the whole of! Women are Secret Lovers. They play their cards very close to their vest, to their most Secret Heart. So, on our second date she took me to see Black Orpheus. She paid our way. From that day on, I was her puppet on a string.

Chazelle wrote the screenplay in 2010 but did not find a studio willing to finance the production without changes to his design. Following the success of his 2014 film Whiplash, the project was picked up by Summit EntertainmentLa La Land premiered at the Venice Film Festival on August 31, 2016, and was released in the United States on December 9, 2016. It has grossed $370 million worldwide on a production budget of $30 million.[6]

The Zulu Nazarites

Posted on August 24, 2018 by Royal Rosamond Press

Why isn’t Giuliani and Jeff sessions demanding Putin hand over the twelve Russian Army offers who issued warrants. Instead Mr. 911 threatens Americans with a revolt from armed Nazi-like Militias for the Killer Jesus. Giuliani is a TERRORIST.

At the same time, his Mafia-like Boss Man directs attention away from himself and his real legal problems, to South Africa, in order to stir up his Christian Nazi base, and offer them fresh targets to go into their deluded and murderous minds.

Here are members of the church I belong to too. I declared myself a Nazarite in 1987 after I was driven from a Christian church for asking good questions. These are South Africans. I have been mocked and abandoned by friends and family because I chose this church. Today, they are in the news.

John and Jesus were Nazarites. They launched a war against Rome and burned down the debt archives. When the Mob is out of power I offer my services as arbitrator and ambassador.

John Presco 007

On Monday, Aug. 20, news broke that Melania Trump would be taking her first big solo trip as first lady to Africa. But controversial comments about South Africa from her husband on Twitter Wednesday night could affect Melania Trump’s visit to Africa.

My La La Dance Movie 3

Posted on March 2, 2017 by Royal Rosamond Press


Marilyn, Jeff Pasternak, Bryan MacLean, and I went to University High School in La La Land. Bryan played at my wedding. Marilyn was there. You can just see her. All four of us are now at the epicenter of the La La Land Cultural Hoedown. Kenny Reed, and Rick Cobian did a Black and Mexican Bro Thing against Whitey Me in some sick need to change the outcome of their High School days. Marilyn played me that way too. This subject is all good thanks Karem Abdul-Jabbar’s essay. Nisha Calkins didn’t want to be associated with my blog about “threatening women” nor did Belle, Alley, and Rena. That might have changed. It’s good to be topical! Below is the e-mail I sent Jeff in 2011 saying Marilyn and I are collaborating on our story! I refer to my blog that got sabotaged, it named after Eugene’s first newspaper that Joaquin Miller was the editor for.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2017



John Ambrose <braskewitz@yahoo.com>

Toreqwestmusic@q.com04/05/11 at 10:10 AM

Hi Jeff Marilyn and I are going to co-author our story. I will be seeing an attorney today. We are going to split the proceeds. I would like you to contribute your memories of us, and you and Marilyn. Your honesty will be most welcome.


ToMarilyn Calkins07/27/09 at 1:44 PM

Master JublaThe rhythm in this Bo Diddley song, and the Hambone song, are identical. I wonder if the hand gesture at hips was taken from a slapping on the thighs to make a drum beat?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMJeaZtgwng
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HICsPNm2ARY&feature=relatedMy ancestor, Will Rosamond, born in 1887, was performing the Hambone in Mississippi. At the Obama celebration I got folks dancing in a circle clapping hands. I wanted African dancers doing the Jubla in the skit I authored.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juba_dancehttps://www.youtube.com/embed/yeZHB3ozglQ?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparentThe StoryIn 1966 Jeff Pasternak, songwriter, artist and son of legendary film producer Joe Pasternak, was strongly advised by his father not to get involved in Show Business. However, after meeting Elvis Presley on an MGM soundstage Jeff quickly forgot that advice. Months later, out for a good time at the London Fog on Hollywood’s Sunset Strip, Jeff and a friend found their way to a sleazy backstreet bar and Jeff’s life changed forever.The club was almost deserted as they waited for the new band they’d come to hear. Then, around 9:00 pm Jim Morrison and The Doors strolled onto the tiny dance floor. Jeff was captivated and mesmerized. He recalls that surreal night as one of The Doors very best performances. “I knew after I left the club that night that this was the style of music I wanted to write, and the singer I wanted to sound like.”Shortly after that evening Joe Pasternak approached Jeff, asking, “What rock and roll band would you recommend for my new movie, The Sweet Ride?” Jeff immediately told him about The Doors, whom Jeff had been following to about every gig they had around L.A. By then, Jeff says, “Their music and energy had saturated every part of my being.”In a few more weeks Jeff had convinced his friend, John Branca (to later become one of the world’s top music attorneys) to experience The Doors. Two months later, Jeff and John had their own band, The Mustard Greens. “I was on top of the world,” Jeff says, “co-writing original material with John and waiting for my dad to sign The Doors. Who could ask for anything more?” Unfortunately for both the film’s success and music history, Joe Pasternak chose to sign Moby Grape, because they wanted $5,000 less. Shortly thereafter Light My Fire soared up the charts, racking up sales and fans. That’s Show BizThen Jeff’s rebel ways at home resulted in a one-way ticket to the sidewalks of Hollywood. “I’ll never forget the family chauffeur bidding good-bye to me and my stereo on a side street one block from The Whiskey a Go Go. A few nights later inside The Whiskey, Jim Morrison was screaming at his parents on stage, and the song, The End, had me questioning my own destiny,” Jeff recalls.The Juba dance or hambone, originally known as Pattin’ Juba (Giouba, Haiti: Djouba), is a style of dance that involves stomping as well as slapping and patting the arms, legs, chest, and cheeks. It is similar to clogging and the jig, and “pattin’ Juba” would be used to keep time for other dances during a walkaround. A Juba Dance performance could include:
counter-clockwise turning, often with one leg raised,

Wake Up Ye Africans

Posted on April 27, 2019 by Royal Rosamond Press

I just sent this e-mail to Kehinde Andrews:

Dear Kehinde;

I am amused that you administered your black stamp of disapproval of Harry and Meghan coming to live somewhere in Africa. They are under my protection in so many ways. As a Nazarite, they have my blessing to go where ever they want, and live wherever they please. I was born in Oakland California, and knew the White Panthers, the legal team that defended Angelic Davis. I am kin to a son of a Black Panther. His son, Malcolm, is my grandson’s cousin. My high school sweetheart, is kin to the co-author of ‘Fela This Bitch of a life. She lived with Carlos Moore. You will see a photo of me and his son on my blog.

I am questioning your idea that you arrived at Black Nationalism via academics, and the color of your skin? How does that work? Do you have a religious or spiritual calling? I became a member of the Zulu Nazarite Church. I have – white skin. It occurs to me that I may own a bigger view of Black Nationalism, than any black man on the planet. You may just be a penguin dancing atop the tip of the iceberg.

I think we are destined to meet. I live in Eugene Oregon. I can get you booked at the Hult Center. There’s a large painting of the Hapsburgs I would like to show you. As things stand, you have no connection to the Black Panthers. I can supply you with the proper credentials so that you can go where you will in Panther Nation, with your head held high!


John Presco


Gary and Michael were looking for a new convert to practice on. When I called my kin, drunk, he asked me if I wanted to get sober. I was living in the middle of a Oakland Crack Gang hood, who were my friends, and said they would protect me.

“Yes! I got to get sober, and get out of here!”

“Get on the train. You can stay with me until I get you in a program at Serenity Lane.”

Figuring out that Gary and Michael had imported me for – their salvation work – I discussed the crisis I was in – after a relapse! I told Hilary Larson I had a revelation. She was concerned I would drop out of the program. She bid me to seek and find a higher power – soon! This is when I began to look at John the Baptist the Nazarite for life. Soon after, I wrote on a piece of paper “I am a Nazarite!” and baptized myself.

Five years ago, I went to my Jazz and Poetry Reading with a wand, a piece of driftwood I found on the dam of the Blue River Revivor. I practiced my Zulu-Nazarite dance, and read my poem ‘Wake Up Ye Africans’.

John ‘The Nazarite’

Can white people become Rastafarians?

  • AS RASTAFARIANISM has no official dogma and no formal ‘church’, there is no conversion process. The nearest thing to a church that Rastas have is the Twelve Tribes of Israel Church, which is multi-racial and will accept anyone, without a ceremony, who recognises Haile Selassie I to be one of a long line of prophets. Although it is possible to be a ‘cleanface, baldhead’ Rasta, most Rastafarians follow the Nazarites in that they do not use combs or razors (hence beard and dreadlocks) and do not practise any sort of body piercing or tattooing. Also, most Rastafarians follow some or all of the Pentateuchal dietary laws and live lives not dissimilar to Orthodox Jews. The use of marijuana is not as widespread as the media would like us to believe and alcohol is almost invariably not taken. Belief in H. I. M. Haile Selassie as God Himself has taken a blow recently as the Lion of Judah’s body has been found. Many Rastas will choose not to believe this, as God can never die and ‘Jah live’. Many see Ras Tafari as the final prophet following Jesus, Mohammed, etc., before the fall of Babylon. This illustrates the wide range of belief among Rastas. Therefore, to become a Rasta, one must believe Haile Selassie to be at least a prophet descended from Solomon, practise a pious lifestyle and be righteous, but most importantly gain acceptance among a group of believing Rastafarians. This is not as difficult as it seems for a white person. To find out how to live as a Rasta, just ask one of us.Ras Mikey Simeon, Manchester.

Rosalie Ritz and Upstairs Art Association

Posted on December 9, 2014by Royal Rosamond Press


The Nazarites War With Rome Over Temple

Posted on August 19, 2018by Royal Rosamond Press

I am a Nazarite. Here is my church. I am considering founding Virtual Zimbabwe. Marilyn Reed and I have ended our feud, and love one another again.

I discovered there are two William Wilsons buried in St. Georges a father and son. One died in Windsor Castle. I have an amazing genealogy with much history. Stop attacking me and getting in my way!

John Presco

Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940)[1] was a Jamaican-born political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator.[2] He was first President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL).[2][3] He also was President and one of the directors of the Black Star Line, a shipping and passenger line incorporated in Delaware. The Black Star Line went bankrupt and Garvey was imprisoned after a trial that was “probably politically motivated” for mail fraud in the selling of its stock.[4] Even though Garvey’s conviction was upheld on appeal, his sentence was commuted in 1927.[5] Advocates of African Redemption have openly sought to have him exonerated since 1987, continuing to the present day.[6][7]

Prior to the 20th century, leaders such as Prince HallMartin DelanyEdward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a philosophy to inspire a global mass movement and economic empowerment focusing on Africa known as Garveyism.[3] Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement (which proclaim Garvey as a prophet) and the Black Power Movement of the 1960s.[8] Garveyism intended persons of African ancestry in the diaspora to “redeem” the continent of Africa and put an end to European colonialism. His essential ideas about Africa are stated in an editorial in the Negro World entitled “African Fundamentalism”, where he wrote: “Our union must know no clime, boundary, or nationality … to let us hold together under all climes and in every country …”[9]

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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