Boy Sceafa of Moy Mell

My daughter, and then my grandson coming into my life, was a double miracle. This is the Rose Line from June Rosamond, who married Vincent Earl Rice, a cousin of Edgar Rice Burroughs who created Tarzan, who in one story…… found Boy.

June and Vincent died childless and left ten of their family a generous legacy. I dedicate this post to my loving aunt and uncle.

The Voyage of Sceaf – to the Music of Mahler

Sceaf is bundled up by is mother in the middle of the night. Her trusted servant leads the way down a secret passage to a waiting sleigh. As the team of white horses kick up the powdery snow, that rains down like tiny rainbows, the sound of the sleigh bells awaken the maidens of the full moon who are alarmed that the servant had not removed them.

To the sea! Hurry. Oh my darling one! Do not awake fully and behold your mother’s distress, and know of her great loss when she places you in the small skiff, and helps launch you – into the dragon of your destiny! Sail on – dear Sceaf! Sail on! One more lullaby……and goodbye.

John Vincent Rice a.k.a. John Presco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sceafa

Gendolfus Faramond & Rosamond

Posted on April 5, 2013by Royal Rosamond Press

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The Lords of Til-Chatel and Rougemont descend from the Merovingians via Garnier, Count of Troyes. There is a Gendolfus in this line, and Nibelung “the historian”. Much of the history of the Franks is myth that influenced J.R. Tolkein. The Franks claim they descend from the Kings and Queens of Troy, thus the city names of Paris and Troyes.

Many authors claime the Knight Templars descend from the Franks, but, there is no evidence of this link – until now!

I can go anywhere with my genealogical research. Anywhere! The love story of Pharamond and Rosamond is at the very root of Western Storytelling.

I saw myself as Strider as a young man. I behold Rena as the epitone of the Rosamonds. My personal myth has no bounds. I have overcome the Western World!

Jon Gregory the Nazarite

Florent Mundi

“In the Rose of the World”

Copyright 2013

“Many men say that there is nothing in dreams but fables and lies,
but one may have dreams which are not decietful, whose import becomes
quite clear afterward.”

Thus begins the ‘Romaunt of the Rose’ by Chaucer, that ends thus…

“The ending of the tale you see
The Lover draws anigh the tree,
And takes the branch, and takes the rose,
That love and he so dearly chose.”

My daughter Heather was born on Rosemary’s Birthday, September 26,
1984. Eighteen months ago she was introduced to me by an angel, in a
dream. A month ater we would meet for the first time, she just
turning sweet sixteen. She never met her grandmother, Rosemary, or
her aunt,Christine, the world renouned artist, Rosamond, they passing
away before this rose, this branch of the family could be found.

When I was twenty three I let my hair grow long after the Nazarite
Artists of Germany a group who would inspire Dante Gabriel Rossetti
to form the Pre-Raphaelite Artists of Great Britain. Fair Rosamond
and the Romaunt of the Rose was an inspriration to the Pre-
Raphaelites, who like the Nazarite Artists, were bringing back a
religious theme to Art. Both groups drew upon Arthurian and Grail
legends that have been recently been linked to the Knight Templars
who are said to have been Nazarites, and who worshipped John the
Baptist, a Nazarite for life.

Rossetti did a painting of Rosamond, and Edward Burne-Jones did two,
not counting his ‘Briar Rose’ series who was named Rosamond by Grimm
in his tale of ‘Sleeping Beauty’, who I identify as the sleeping
goddess, Ariadne. King Henry built a bower and Labyrinth for Fair
Rosamond, that might have been used to initiate the Templars into an
ancient Hermetic teaching. Lord Tennyson includes her in his poem ‘A
Dream of Fair Women’, and Swinburne wrote an epic poem titled ‘The
Queen Mother and Rosamond’.

Gautheir de Coste Calprenede makes Rosamonde the paramour of
Pharamond King of the Long-haired Franks. Swinburne wrote a similar
work about another paramour of the Merovinians titled ‘Chronicle of
Fredegond,Rosamond’. Pharamond descends from Fromond, a name that
appears twice in a branch of the Rougemont/Rosemont genealogy, and
are the Lords of Neufchatel who become the De La Roche family, also
known as De La Rosa, a name born of the Rock and the Rose. Our Dreams
have come true.

Christine Rosamond Presco, a ‘Rose of the World’ was born October 24,
1947 in Vallejo California. Christina was the third child of Victor
and Rosemary, our mother one of four beautiful daughters born to the
writer and poet, Royal Rosamond, and Mary Magdalene Wieneke. Royal
and Mary met in Los Angeles where Mary went to live after leaving her
father’s farm in Iowa. Seeking her independance, as a young woman
Mary worked as a seamtress in Downtown L.A. The Wienekes were said to
have owned castles in Germany. Mary was a frequent guest at
Krishnamurti’s retreat in the Ojai Valley where her brother had a
farm and may have delved in the philosophy of the Theosophic Society.
Royal wrote stories for ‘Out West’ the ‘Arcadian’ and several Romance
magazines, he sailing to the Anacapa Islands with is friend, Dashiel
Hammet, the author of the ‘Maltese Falcon’, a mystery novel that was
made into a movie about the search for a golden falcon once belonging
to the Knights Templars. Royal taught Earl Stanley Gardner the
rudiments of writing. Royal’s poem ‘Your Name’ could well acompany
Rossetti’s painting of the young man writing his lover’s name in the
sand.

Living by the sea in Ventura California, Rosemary, and her sister,
Lillian, were courted by the famous actor, Errol Flyn, thus, there
was a powerful sense of the Romantic in our household that would
influence both Christine’s and my work. All the Rosamond women were
beautiful, they the arhetypes for the rosy women that began to peer
gracefully from their canvases in the early seventies at a changing
world, their beauty and strength heralding in the Woman’s Movement,
the very idea women could now own their own Creation and Creations.
In the words of Swineburne’s Fair Rosamond;

“But that I am
Part of the perfect witness for the world.”

My dear sister drowned off the Coast of Carmel on March 26,1994. The
legacy this complex person left behind is an important one as we were
both influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite artists who are at the core of
Grail Mysteries that have surfaced once again in the Quest for
Religious and Spiritual pertinence. The name Rosamond means ‘Rose of
the World’ and is one of the names applied to the Shekinah which is
the ‘Light of the World’ that I believe is found at the center of the
Labyrinth, like the one King Henry the second built for the love of
his life, Fair Rosamond. He also built a Well and Arcadia for her
after the story of Tristan and Isolde. A Grail Cup entwined in a vine
was engraved on her tomb. She has been compared to Mary Magdalene by
some authors, and a Catholic Bishop upon seeing how she was being
worshipped by Knights about to go on Crusade, had her remains removed
from the Nunnery at Glascow, and scattered to the wind; he calling
her a whore.

Christine gave me credit for being her teacher, my art touring the
world in a Red Cross show when I was twelve, and then again when I
was sixteen. In 1970 I discovered Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the Pre-
Raphaelite Brotherhood, they modeling their movement after the
Nazarene artists of Germany, a guild dedicated to bringing back a
spritual base to Germany’s fine art. The Rossetti family were all
gifted. Christina Rossetti was an extraordinary poet and was
considered a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Her father
translated ‘Dante’s Inferno’ and owned a Publishing firm that her
brother Michael opperated. Dante was a close friend of the famous
poet, Algernon Swineburne, whose poem ‘The Queen Mother and Fair
Rosamond’ became a model and inspiration for all the Pre-Raphaelites
who resurected themes from the Grail Romances, breathing new life
into the Knights and Fair Maidens of our Ancient Dawn, raising a new
light in the search for the Truth.

On the other hand, there is a striking similarity between what we read in the Lombardic legend itself – the part about KingSheave and his deeds for the people of the Longobards and what we read in “Beowulf” :
LO, praise of the prowess of people-kings of spear-armed Danes, in days long sped, we have heard, and what honor the athelings won! Oft Scyld the Scefing from squadroned foes, from many a tribe, the mead-bench tore, awing the earls. Since erst he lay friendless, a foundling, fate repaid him: for he waxed under welkin, in wealth he throve, till before him the folk, both far and near, who house by the whale-path, heard his mandate, gave him gifts: a good king he!

Therefore, could it be that those Winilli were in fact the Danes!
The Danes were residents of Denmark. Hroðgar’s Heorot is likely to have been located on the island of Sjaelland near the present day city of Roskilde.

Even the episode of Alboin and Rosamunde, which Tolkien only alludes to, and of which Christopher provides us with Paul the Deacon’s account, can – IMO not be considered a hard historical “fact”. “Fact” is, that Paul wrote some 200 years later about events that were subject of much folk-tale and folk-song, and drinking from a skull – jewelled or no – was not altogether rare, since the Huns had “introduced” this habit a few centuries earlier. People back then – as the hypothesis is amongst scholars – thought they would “inherit” the strength of the slain, if they drank from their skulls. But whether or not this “habit” was widespread among Germanic tribes is debated.

One of the possible reasons for Tolkien’s interest in the Lombards was the fact, that the tribe of the Lombards from the middle of the 5th century on began to merge with that of the Saxons at the lower Elbe. Tolkien himself had Saxon ancestors, which was probably one of the reasons for his attempt to create an Anglo-Saxon mythology for England.

http://www.thetolkienwiki.org/wiki.cgi?Lombardic__Legend__in__The__Lost__Road

Rosamunda Bolger (née Took) was the mother of Fredegar “Fatty”
Bolger and Estella Brandybuck. She was married to Odovacar Bolger
and was known as Rosamunda Took prior to the marriage. They lived in
Budgeford in Bridgefields in the Eastfarthing of the Shire.
Rosamunda and Odovacar both attended the Bilbo’s Farewell Party in
3001 along with their children.

Fredegar “Fatty” Bolger

Norman Cates as Fatty Bolger from a Decipher Card designed by Weta
Friend of Frodo Baggins. Fredegar Bolger, called Fatty, was born in
2980 to Odovacar Bolger and Rosamunda Took Bolger. He had a sister
Estella who married Merry Brandybuck. Fatty’s great-great-
grandfather on his mother’s side was Gerontius, the Old Took, who
was also the great-great-grandfather of Merry and of Pippin Took.
Fatty’s family was from Budgeford in Bridgefields in the
Eastfarthing.

http://faculty.smu.edu/bwheeler/tolkien/online_reader/TolkienTheLostRoad.pdf

Soon after Tyler Hunt was born I nicknamed him Sceaf because it was very upsetting to me and Heather than Ryan Hunt apparently abandoned his son. Thank God that turned out not to be the case.
I tried to be a father figure to this beautiful boy so he would not grow up without a father. I now feel the same way about my niece, Drew Benton, who wants to learn about her ancestors. What I have to offer is a wealth of knowlege and information for the Children of the Rose Tree to draw upon for rendering Art, and authoring Books.

Sceafa (Old English: scēafa), also spelled Sceaf (scēaf) or Scef (scēf), was an ancient Lombardic king in English legend. According to his story, Sceafa appeared mysteriously as a child, coming out of the sea in an empty boat. The name also appears in the corrupt forms Seskef, Stefius, Strephius, and Stresaeus. Though the name has historically been modernized Shava (and Latinized Scefius), J. R. R. Tolkien used the modern spelling Sheave.

Older than these is the Old English poem Beowulf which applies the story of the boy in the boat instead to the Danish who is the eponym of the legendary Danish royal lineage known as the Scyldings or Skjöldings. In the opening lines of Beowulf, Scyld is called Scyld Scefing, which might mean Scyld descendant of Scef, Scyld son of Scef, or Scyld of the Sheaf. The Beowulf poet does not explain. But after relating in general terms the glories of Scyld’s reign, the poet describes Scyld’s funeral, how his body was laid in a ship surrounded by treasures, the poet explains:
They decked his body no less bountifully
with offerings than those first ones did
who cast him away when he was a child
and launched him alone out over the waves.

Today California is having important elections.

Peter Rosemond further reported information from the
Records Office in Basle that “before Basle the family resided in
Holland up to 1338, and it is said they descended from the estate
Rosemont, near Belfort, in France, where also the village Rougemont
is found.” A family coat-of-arms was registered in Basle about 1537
when the first Hans became a resident there. A reproduction of this
coat-of-arms in the writer’s possession shows a weaver’s crook
conspicuously, and it will be remembered that in Ireland our people
were linen weavers and farmers, and that Edward, the elder, was a
weaver in this country. Peter Rosemond had seen in print the letters
from Erasmus to Gotschalk Rosemondt. He noticed that a seal used by a
Rosemont in Holland, bearing a jumping fox, was like an emblem he had
noticed in a wall of the house Rebleuten-Zunft in Basle. This seal
dated back to 1430, whereas the coat-of-arms above mentioned dates
from 1534, it seems. Peter Rosemond died September 22, 1930. This is
but a sketch of what he wrote.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hrómundar_saga_Gripssonar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ7MFh49yZE wol

http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/rosamond/10/

The name Rosamund (also spelled Rosamond and Rosamunde) is a girls’ name and can also be a family name (surname). Originally it combined the Germanic elements hros, meaning horse, and mund, meaning “protection”. Later, it was influenced by the Latin phrases rosa munda, meaning “pure rose”,[1] and rosa mundi, meaning “rose of the world”.[2] “Rosamonda” is the Italian, “Rosamunde” is the German and “Rosemonde” the French form of the name.

Rothschild Name Meaning. German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from a house distinguished with a red sign (Middle High German rot ‘red’ + schilt ‘sign’, ‘shield’), the earliest recorded example dating from the 13th century.

http://preraphaelitesisterhood.com/fair-rosamund-and-queen-eleanor/

https://lararoozemond.com/

http://www.viviensmodels.com.au/models/lara-roozemond/

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/‘this-is-not-of-god’-when-anti-trump-evangelicals-confront-their-brethren/ar-AAxGbyq?ocid=spartandhp

http://lotr.wikia.com/wiki/Rohan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aragorn

http://lotr.wikia.com/wiki/Fosco_Baggins

Fosco was the son of Largo Baggins and Tanta (Hornblower) Baggins. Fosco married Ruby Bolger and they had three children DoraDrogo and Dudo. Their son Drogo was the father of Frodo Baggins. Fosco died in TA 2960 (SR 1360).[1]

Drogo Baggins was the eldest son of Fosco Baggins and was the brother of Dora and Dudo Baggins. He married Primula Brandybuck and they had only one child, Frodo Baggins. He was a second cousin to Bilbo Baggins. After his marriage, he lived in Buckland and often stayed at Brandy Hall, where his father-in-law, Gorbadoc Brandybuck kept a generous table. He and his wife died when Frodo was only twelve years old. Drogo drowned in the Brandywine River, but there was some debate as to why; some said that he and Primula went boating after dinner and his weight sunk the boat, while others maintained that his death was not an accident and his wife pushed him in and he pulled her in after him.

Rosamunda was the daughter of Sigismond Took.[1] She married Odovacar, future patriarch of the Bolger Family, and had two children: Fredegar and Estella. The couple and their children attended Bilbo’s Farewell Party in S.R. 1401.[2]

[edit] Etymology

The name in the middle ages it was understood as rosa munda, Latin for “pure rose” but it derives from hros “horse” and mund “hand, protection”. [3]

Rosamunda appears in the third draft of the Took genealogy as Diamanda but as daughter of Hildibrand and not of Sigismond who are her grandfather. The son, the later Fredegar Bolger, appear as Hamilcar.

In the fourth draft her father and grandfather are reversed. The son Hamilcar is now named Belisarius.

In the fifth draft, as shown in LotR Diamanda change name to Rosamunda. Belisarius becomes Fredegar and Estella, the later wife of Peregrin, appears even this is only the case in later editions of LotR. Her birth year and her husband is in all the drafts year 1338 and Odovacar.

Rosamunde married the son of Merovee the King of the Salian Franks who ruled Den Bosch that was called Toxandria. Did these long hairedkings establish the Bailiffs?

Jon Presco

Name: Argotta (Rosamunde) (Queen Of The Franks)
Given Name: Argotta (Rosamunde) (Queen Of The Franks)
Sex: F
Birth: 376 in France
Death: 406
Event: Alt. Birth Alt. Birth 376 France
Occupation: Queen of Franks
_UID: D20800E8C07F4810BA2B302FADE52DAF0BA9
Change Date: 29 Jan 2011 at 15:28
Note: Queen of Franks

Toxandria is the classical name for a region between the Meuse and the Scheldt rivers in the Netherlands and Belgium. The name is also spelled Taxandria. The Salian Franks that settled the area in the 4th century became known as Toxandrians. These tribes gave rise to the Merovingian dynasty that came to dominate what is now Belgium and France.
In these ancient times, the many barbarian tribes, given the broad label as Germanic tribes (Latin Germanicus) by the Romans, originated from Scandinavia and had by the 2nd century BC spread through vast areas of today’s central and western Europe including northern Gaul (Gallia Belgica).
Because of their continuous raids, these tribes subdivided into separate clans and moved on to other areas. In the middle of the 3rd century, two members of the tribal confederacy known as the Franks, the Salians and the Ripuarians, began penetrating the Roman frontier around Mainz but were soon driven back by Emperor Probus. Despite the temporary setback, the moves against the ever-weakening Roman masters resulted in Emperor Julian buying peace in 358 by handing over Toxandria to the Salians who then became Roman allies and provided troops for the imperial army. This entente would shape both the Salian language and law, resulting in the 6th century Salic law written in Latin. The Ripuarians took up residence in a strip of territory between the Rhine River and the Meuse and, like all the wandering tribes, never formed any permanent alliances with the Salians in Toxandria.
In the ensuing years, the Toxandrians did not continue to collectively wander from one place to another as other Germanic tribes, but instead began to expand their territory outwards. The Romans were soon again under attack with the emergence of the first strong leader Meroveus, after whom the Merovingian dynasty would be named. Notably, his son, Childeric I made further agreements that expanded their territory while aiding the Romans in driving out several invaders from around Orléans and Angers. In the ensuing years, Childeric’s son Clovis I emerged as the dominant force who would, through his military might, add parts of present day Germany to his kingdom and shape what was to become modern day France.

The Salian Franks or Salii were a subgroup of the early Franks who originally had been living north of the limes in the area above the Rhine. The Merovingian kings responsible for the conquest of Gaul were Salians. From the 3rd century on, the Salian Franks appear in the historical records as warlike Germanic people and pirates, and as Laeti (allies of the Romans). They were the first Germanic tribe from beyond the limes who settled permanently on Roman land. In 358, they came to some form of agreement with the Romans that allowed them to settle in Toxandria (roughly the area of the current Dutch and Belgian provinces of Noord-Brabant, Antwerpen and Vlaams-Brabant).
The Salians fully adopted the Frankish identity and gradually ceased to appear by their original name from the 7th century onward, when they evolved into the Franks par excellence.[1] The Lex Ripuaria originated about 630 around Cologne and has been described as a later development of the Frankish laws known from Lex Salica.

Father: Genebaud II b: Abt 350 in France
Mother: Miss GENEBAUD b: Abt 358 in France

Marriage 1 Pharamond Of The West Franks b: 370 in Westphalia, Germany
Married: 394
Change Date: 29 Jan 2011
Children
1. Clodion Of Tournai (Clodius Crintus) (Lord Of The West Franks – 430-446) b: 395 in Westphalia, Germany
2. Adalbertus Of The Salian Franks (Duke Of France) b: 396 in Westphalia, Germany
3. Albero (Adelbertus) b: Abt 394
4. Frotmund Of The Salian Franks b: 397
5. Siegse (Argotta) (Princess (“Basina”) Of The Thuringians) THURINGIANS b: 398 in Thuringia, Germany
6. Belizde (Bellicies) (Princess (“Basina”) Of The Thuringians)
7. Fredemundus Of The Salian Franks DESPOSYNI b: 394 in Swaben, Bavaria

Rosamond and the Lost Road to Troy

Posted on June 27, 2014 by Royal Rosamond Press

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J.R.Tolkien’s ‘The Lost Road’ begins thus; “Alboin. Alboin!”

Alboin means ‘Elf-friend’. When I was eighteen I had Hippie elf-friends who I found in Tolkien’s Trilogy. One of them was Christine Wandel. One day she came into my small attic room with no window, lay down on the floor where I lie on a mattress reading by candlelight, and after resting her head on my stomach, she asked;

“Tell me a story!”

I beheld her flaxen hair lit by my candle, and in less then a minute, my story began.

“There once was a hermit that lived deep in the woods. His name was Tristan Tanopoli ‘The Keeper of the Forest.”

Tolkien died before The Lost Road was finished. His son, Christopher, picked up the thread and finished this tale that a page later, asks;

“Why didn’t you call me Thurisind, or Thurismod?”
“Well, really mother had meant to call you Rosamund, only you turned up a boy.”

Alboin would grow up and marry a woman name Rosamund whose treachery would result in his usurpation and death. How interesting! What is this fasciantion with the name Rosamund that carries on in the naming of Frodo’s aunt?

“As a token of her confidence, she told him he need no longer call
her, “Auntie.” The previous year, Bilbo had suggested that Frodo no
longer address him as, “Uncle,” if he wished. Plain, “Bilbo,” would
do. Frodo still called Bilbo, “Uncle,” now and then; it had become
too ingrained a habit. But, following suit, Rosamunda suggested Frodo
might call her, “Rosa,” or, “Rosamunda.” Frodo forgot, and called
her, “Auntie,” many times, but, within the space of an afternoon
tea, “Rosa,” she became.”

Thurismod is the father of Rosamund. It is also spelled Thurismund. This looks like Tharaldsen “son of Thor”. The name Hromund is a Norse baby name. In Norse the meaning of the name Hromund is: Son of Thori.
http://www.special-dictionary.com/names/h/hromund.htm. 1) Combination of HROD and MUND [1] 2) New combination of ROS (flower) and MUND [2]

Tolkien was extremely interested in the eptimology of Norse names. Hromundar may be a form of Rosemund meaning “famous protection”. Thor was compared to Jesus Christ, a who offered protection from evil, and death, thus the idea of immortality in ‘The Rose of the World’. The Draugers ad Ringwaiths lived forever, as a evil force that Thor combatted.

“Due to his inspiration from Hrómundar saga Gripssonar, during the writing of LOTR Tolkien at first foresaw a link between the Wights and the Ringwraiths, initially describing the Black Riders as horsed Wights, but the suggestion that they were the same kind of creatures was dropped in the published work. In the final work there remained a link between them: the wights were now spirits sent by the Witch King.”

http://newboards.theonering.net/forum/gforum/perl/gforum.cgi?do=post_editlog;post=509201;guest=110686354

Shortly after my grandson was born, I named him Sceaf who became King of the Danes who the ancestors of Chris Wandel, blessed, they also holding the title ‘King of Wends’.

What is amazing is my father could have taken the name Rosemond-Rosamond because he married a woman named rose.

“Royce

This most interesting surname derives from a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may be a topographical name for a person who lived at a place where wild roses grew. It may also have been given to a “dweller in a house bearing the sign of the rose i.e., “an Inn”. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man of “rosy” complexion. In each of these instances the surname derives from the Middle English and Old French “rose” or the Germanic female personal name “Rose”, “Royse”, which was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as “Rothais” and is composed of the elements “hrod”, renown plus “haid(is)”, king. Finally, the name may also have originated from the Yiddish female personal name “Royze”, derived from the word for the flower.

Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Royce#ixzz35rcVeRCO

Argotta-Rosamonde was married to Pharamonde ‘King of the Franks’. She is of the Cimri, a tribe that fled to Jutland where to this day there is a struggle over the Land of the Danes and Royal Titles. I will include Wandel’s kindred in my Saga that includes Juaquin Miller and the Pre-Raphaelites. The Franks claim they descend from the Trojans, thus, the Troy-town built for Fair Rosamond by King Henry who claimed his ancestors came from Troy.

An hour ago, I found a video of Mary Ann unveiling her lost Art Work. I see he as Rosamund Took. She and her daughter, Britt, will be in my Saga, as will be the artist, Stefan Eins.

Pauline Diana Bayne illustrated ‘The Chronicles of Nardia’ and Tolkien’s ‘Lord of the Rings. These Story Tellers were good friends, friends of the Elfs. The illustrator, Fanny Corey, encouraged my grandfather Royal Rosamond, to write. My niece, Drew Benton, renders Avatars for computer adventure games.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2014

Pauline Diana Baynes (9 September 1922 – 1 August 2008) was an English illustrator whose work encompassed more than 100 books, notably several by C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien.

Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), commonly called C. S. Lewis and known to his friends and family as “Jack”, was a novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, and Christian apologist. Born in Belfast, Ireland, he held academic positions at both Oxford University (Magdalen College), 1925–1954, and Cambridge University (Magdalene College), 1954–1963. He is best known both for his fictional work, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia, and The Space Trilogy, and for his non-fiction Christian apologetics, such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain.

Lewis and fellow novelist J. R. R. Tolkien were close friends. Both authors served on the English faculty at Oxford University, and both were active in the informal Oxford literary group known as the “Inklings”.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/TmUL1fB3SvU?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent
https://www.youtube.com/embed/7p9vLfenjZE?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

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Older than these is the Old English poem Beowulf which applies the story of the boy in the boat instead to the Danish who is the eponym of the legendary Danish royal lineage known as the Scyldings or Skjöldings. In the opening lines of Beowulf, Scyld is called Scyld Scefing, which might mean Scyld descendant of Scef, Scyld son of Scef, or Scyld of the Sheaf.

My mother was named, Rosemary Rosamond, and my three aunts were born of Royal and Mary Magdalene Rosamond. My ex-wife was Mary Ann Thoraldsen, a descendant of Eric the Red, and thus, Woden. Mary Ann became enamored of me when she beheld the hundred drawings I did of Atlantis.
“Rosamond recalls that Jack Cory and his sister Fanny Y. Cory, cartoonist, started him on his writing career.”

In looking for traces of my Muse, Rena Easton, in Montana, I found what can be described as the Rosamond Holy Grail in Helena Montana. My grandfather lived in Helena and says he was inspired to write by Jack Cory, a political cartoonist and equestrian artist, and his sister Fanny Y. Cory, a famous illustrator who lived in a secluded ranch in Montana.

There was an art show of four generations of this family. This is the vision I had for my family when I became a Pre-Raphaelite. Christine Rosamond Benton did several Fairy paintings, as did Drew, who is employed rendering avatars for fantasy games.

Alas we have a true genealogy that traces the Rosamond Family Muse from the Cory family, to my grandfather, to me, to my sister, and to her daughter Drew Benton whose father was the famous muralist, Garth Benton, the cousin of the artist, Thomas Hart Benton. This is the convergence of three creative families – that is unheard of! The Great Muses are at work here. Consider our DNA!

If I had not been following my Muse wherever she leads me, then I would not have made this profound discovery that cast out the outsider from Rosamond Creative Legacy, those parasites who dare title themselves “caretakers” of Rosamond’s art and life story. If my grandfather came back from the dead, he would take a bullwhip to these usurpers – of his history! Fanny was a very famous woman artist – before Christine was born!

Thank you my dear grandfather, whom I never met, for laying down the true stepping stones of our family history.

Royal wrote a short story about a bullfight in Montana where his sister lived. It appears their father adopted these sibling out to W.S. Spaulding after his wife died.

The top two images were done by Drew Benton. The boy with dragon was done by Drew’s mother, Christine Rosamond Benton. The connections I just made – with no ones help – increase the value of all my families creative efforts. This is what real Art Books look like!

I’ve considered doing illustrations for most of my books. C’mon Rena. Show yourself. Do it for Montana! You were Rosamond’s Muse. This is your State History. You got some major bragging rights! Put this in your resame. At least send me copies of photos of you that I can work from to illustrate
‘Capturing Beauty’. I want your side of the story! I will got to the Governor and have you declared Montana’s State Treasure who brought the history of Royal Rosamond and Fanny Cory, together!

The fairy

The fateful slumber floats and flows
About the tangle of the rose.
But lo the fated hand and heart
To rend the slumberous curse apart.

The threat of war, the hope of peace
The Kingdom’s peril and increase.
Sleep on, and bide the latter day
When fate shall take her chains away.

The maiden pleasance of the land
Knoweth no stir of voice or hand,
No cup the sleeping waters fill,
The restless shuttle lieth still.
~William Morris

Here lies the hoarded love the key
To all the treasure that shall be.
Come, fated hand, the gift to take
And smite the sleeping world awake.

William Morris

Capturing Beauty

Part One

‘Capturing Beauties Rose’

Jon Presco

Copyright 2004

drew2
drew3
drew4

“Many men say that there is nothing in dreams but fables and lies,
but one may have dreams which are not decietful, whose import becomes
quite clear afterward.”

Thus begins the ‘Romaunt of the Rose’ by Chaucer, that ends thus…

“The ending of the tale you see
The Lover draws anigh the tree,
And takes the branch, and takes the rose,
That love and he so dearly chose.”

My daughter Heather was born on Rosemary’s Birthday, September 26,
1984. Eighteen months ago she was introduced to me by an angel, in a
dream. A month ater we would meet for the first time, she just
turning sweet sixteen. She never met her grandmother, Rosemary, or
her aunt,Christine, the world renouned artist, Rosamond, they passing
away before this rose, this branch of the family could be found.

When I was twenty three I let my hair grow long after the Nazarite
Artists of Germany a group who would inspire Dante Gabriel Rossetti
to form the Pre-Raphaelite Artists of Great Britain. Fair Rosamond
and the Romaunt of the Rose was an inspriration to the Pre-
Raphaelites, who like the Nazarite Artists, were bringing back a
religious theme to Art. Both groups drew upon Arthurian and Grail
legends that have been recently been linked to the Knight Templars
who are said to have been Nazarites, and who worshipped John the
Baptist, a Nazarite for life.

Rossetti did a painting of Rosamond, and Edward Burne-Jones did two,
not counting his ‘Briar Rose’ series who was named Rosamond by Grimm
in his tale of ‘Sleeping Beauty’, who I identify as the sleeping
goddess, Ariadne. King Henry built a bower and Labyrinth for Fair
Rosamond, that might have been used to initiate the Templars into an
ancient Hermetic teaching. Lord Tennyson includes her in his poem ‘A
Dream of Fair Women’, and Swinburne wrote an epic poem titled ‘The
Queen Mother and Rosamond’.

Gautheir de Coste Calprenede makes Rosamonde the paramour of
Pharamond King of the Long-haired Franks. Swinburne wrote a similar
work about another paramour of the Merovinians titled ‘Chronicle of
Fredegond,Rosamond’. Pharamond descends from Fromond, a name that
appears twice in a branch of the Rougemont/Rosemont genealogy, and
are the Lords of Neufchatel who become the De La Roche family, also
known as De La Rosa, a name born of the Rock and the Rose. Our Dreams
have come true.

Christine Rosamond Presco, a ‘Rose of the World’ was born October 24,
1947 in Vallejo California. Christina was the third child of Victor
and Rosemary, our mother one of four beautiful daughters born to the
writer and poet, Royal Rosamond, and Mary Magdalene Wieneke. Royal
and Mary met in Los Angeles where Mary went to live after leaving her
father’s farm in Iowa. Seeking her independance, as a young woman
Mary worked as a seamtress in Downtown L.A. The Wienekes were said to
have owned castles in Germany. Mary was a frequent guest at
Krishnamurti’s retreat in the Ojai Valley where her brother had a
farm and may have delved in the philosophy of the Theosophic Society.
Royal wrote stories for ‘Out West’ the ‘Arcadian’ and several Romance
magazines, he sailing to the Anacapa Islands with is friend, Dashiel
Hammet, the author of the ‘Maltese Falcon’, a mystery novel that was
made into a movie about the search for a golden falcon once belonging
to the Knights Templars. Royal taught Earl Stanley Gardner the
rudiments of writing. Royal’s poem ‘Your Name’ could well acompany
Rossetti’s painting of the young man writing his lover’s name in the
sand.

Living by the sea in Ventura California, Rosemary, and her sister,
Lillian, were courted by the famous actor, Errol Flyn, thus, there
was a powerful sense of the Romantic in our household that would
influence both Christine’s and my work. All the Rosamond women were
beautiful, they the arhetypes for the rosy women that began to peer
gracefully from their canvases in the early seventies at a changing
world, their beauty and strength heralding in the Woman’s Movement,
the very idea women could now own their own Creation and Creations.
In the words of Swineburne’s Fair Rosamond;

“But that I am
Part of the perfect witness for the world.”

My dear sister drowned off the Coast of Carmel on March 26,1994. The
legacy this complex person left behind is an important one as we were
both influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite artists who are at the core of
Grail Mysteries that have surfaced once again in the Quest for
Religious and Spiritual pertinence. The name Rosamond means ‘Rose of
the World’ and is one of the names applied to the Shekinah which is
the ‘Light of the World’ that I believe is found at the center of the
Labyrinth, like the one King Henry the second built for the love of
his life, Fair Rosamond. He also built a Well and Arcadia for her
after the story of Tristan and Isolde. A Grail Cup entwined in a vine
was engraved on her tomb. She has been compared to Mary Magdalene by
some authors, and a Catholic Bishop upon seeing how she was being
worshipped by Knights about to go on Crusade, had her remains removed
from the Nunnery at Glascow, and scattered to the wind; he calling
her a whore.

Christine gave me credit for being her teacher, my art touring the
world in a Red Cross show when I was twelve, and then again when I
was sixteen. In 1970 I discovered Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the Pre-
Raphaelite Brotherhood, they modeling their movement after the
Nazarene artists of Germany, a guild dedicated to bringing back a
spritual base to Germany’s fine art. The Rossetti family were all
gifted. Christina Rossetti was an extraordinary poet and was
considered a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Her father
translated ‘Dante’s Inferno’ and owned a Publishing firm that her
brother Michael opperated. Dante was a close friend of the famous
poet, Algernon Swineburne, whose poem ‘The Queen Mother and Fair
Rosamond’ became a model and inspiration for all the Pre-Raphaelites
who resurected themes from the Grail Romances, breathing new life
into the Knights and Fair Maidens of our Ancient Dawn, raising a new
light in the search for the Truth.

On the other hand, there is a striking similarity between what we read in the Lombardic legend itself – the part about KingSheave and his deeds for the people of the Longobards and what we read in “Beowulf” :
LO, praise of the prowess of people-kings of spear-armed Danes, in days long sped, we have heard, and what honor the athelings won! Oft Scyld the Scefing from squadroned foes, from many a tribe, the mead-bench tore, awing the earls. Since erst he lay friendless, a foundling, fate repaid him: for he waxed under welkin, in wealth he throve, till before him the folk, both far and near, who house by the whale-path, heard his mandate, gave him gifts: a good king he!

Therefore, could it be that those Winilli were in fact the Danes!
The Danes were residents of Denmark. Hroðgar’s Heorot is likely to have been located on the island of Sjaelland near the present day city of Roskilde.

Even the episode of Alboin and Rosamunde, which Tolkien only alludes to, and of which Christopher provides us with Paul the Deacon’s account, can – IMO not be considered a hard historical “fact”. “Fact” is, that Paul wrote some 200 years later about events that were subject of much folk-tale and folk-song, and drinking from a skull – jewelled or no – was not altogether rare, since the Huns had “introduced” this habit a few centuries earlier. People back then – as the hypothesis is amongst scholars – thought they would “inherit” the strength of the slain, if they drank from their skulls. But whether or not this “habit” was widespread among Germanic tribes is debated.

One of the possible reasons for Tolkien’s interest in the Lombards was the fact, that the tribe of the Lombards from the middle of the 5th century on began to merge with that of the Saxons at the lower Elbe. Tolkien himself had Saxon ancestors, which was probably one of the reasons for his attempt to create an Anglo-Saxon mythology for England.

http://www.thetolkienwiki.org/wiki.cgi?Lombardic__Legend__in__The__Lost__Road

Rosamunda Bolger (née Took) was the mother of Fredegar “Fatty”
Bolger and Estella Brandybuck. She was married to Odovacar Bolger
and was known as Rosamunda Took prior to the marriage. They lived in
Budgeford in Bridgefields in the Eastfarthing of the Shire.
Rosamunda and Odovacar both attended the Bilbo’s Farewell Party in
3001 along with their children.

Fredegar “Fatty” Bolger

Norman Cates as Fatty Bolger from a Decipher Card designed by Weta
Friend of Frodo Baggins. Fredegar Bolger, called Fatty, was born in
2980 to Odovacar Bolger and Rosamunda Took Bolger. He had a sister
Estella who married Merry Brandybuck. Fatty’s great-great-
grandfather on his mother’s side was Gerontius, the Old Took, who
was also the great-great-grandfather of Merry and of Pippin Took.
Fatty’s family was from Budgeford in Bridgefields in the
Eastfarthing.

Soon after Tyler Hunt was born I nicknamed him Sceaf because it was very upsetting to me and Heather than Ryan Hunt apparently abandoned his son. Thank God that turned out not to be the case.
I tried to be a father figure to this beautiful boy so he would not grow up without a father. I now feel the same way about my niece, Drew Benton, who wants to learn about her ancestors. What I have to offer is a wealth of knowlege and information for the Children of the Rose Tree to draw upon for rendering Art, and authoring Books.

Sceafa (Old English: scēafa), also spelled Sceaf (scēaf) or Scef (scēf), was an ancient Lombardic king in English legend. According to his story, Sceafa appeared mysteriously as a child, coming out of the sea in an empty boat. The name also appears in the corrupt forms Seskef, Stefius, Strephius, and Stresaeus. Though the name has historically been modernized Shava (and Latinized Scefius), J. R. R. Tolkien used the modern spelling Sheave.

Older than these is the Old English poem Beowulf which applies the story of the boy in the boat instead to the Danish who is the eponym of the legendary Danish royal lineage known as the Scyldings or Skjöldings. In the opening lines of Beowulf, Scyld is called Scyld Scefing, which might mean Scyld descendant of Scef, Scyld son of Scef, or Scyld of the Sheaf. The Beowulf poet does not explain. But after relating in general terms the glories of Scyld’s reign, the poet describes Scyld’s funeral, how his body was laid in a ship surrounded by treasures, the poet explains:
They decked his body no less bountifully
with offerings than those first ones did
who cast him away when he was a child
and launched him alone out over the waves.

Geoffrey’s composite Merlin is based primarily on Myrddin Wyllt, also called Merlinus Caledonensis, and Aurelius Ambrosius, a mostly fictionalised version of the historical war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus.[8] The former had nothing to do with Arthur: in British poetry he was a bard driven mad after witnessing the horrors of war, who fled civilization to become a wild man of the wood in the 6th century.[9] Geoffrey had this individual in mind when he wrote his earliest surviving work, the Prophetiae Merlini (Prophecies of Merlin), which he claimed were the actual words of the legendary madman.

According to Nennius, Ambrosius was discovered when the British king Vortigern was trying to erect a tower. The tower always collapsed before completion, and his wise men told him the only solution was to sprinkle the foundation with the blood of a child born without a father. Ambrosius was rumoured to be such a child, but when brought before the king, he revealed the real reason for the tower’s collapse: below the foundation was a lake containing two dragons who destroyed the tower by fighting. Geoffrey retells this story in Historia Regum Britanniæ with some embellishments, and gives the fatherless child the name of the prophetic bard, Merlin. He keeps this new figure separate from Aurelius Ambrosius, and to disguise his changing of Nennius, he simply states that Ambrosius was another name for Merlin. He goes on to add new episodes that tie Merlin into the story of King Arthur and his predecessors.

THE BOWER OF “FAIR ROSAMOND”

THE story of “Fair Rosamond” and her mazy Bower, though it cannot lay claim to that standard of authenticity which is generally required of historical data, has for so long occupied an honoured position in the realm of popular romance that, in a book professing to treat of mazes from a broad point of view, we cannot dismiss it quite as briefly as we might perhaps do in a book on English history.

Most of the subsequent chroniclers seem to have followed Higden in their relation of the story. By Tudor times the romantic and tragic episode had become a favourite theme in popular lore; it was enshrined by the Elizabethan poet Drayton in his “Epistle to Rosamond,” the bower being therein described as an arrangement of subterranean vaults. It achieved its greatest popularity, however, in the ballad form, and was printed, with several other “Strange Histories or Songs and Sonnets of Kinges, Princes, Dukes, Lords, Ladyes, Knights and Gentlemen, etc.,”

An interesting point mentioned by Croxall is that in his time “a delightful Bower” was still in existence at Woodstock and was shown as the original of the story. Another reliable writer of the same period (Thomas Hearne, 1718) makes a similar observation, but in this case it is made clear that the remains are those of a large building, not, as we might have inferred, those of a hedge maze or arbour. These remains, whatever they may have been, have disappeared long since.
Woodstock Park, according to the historian Rouse of Warwick, was the first park to be made in England. Henry the First had a palace here, but the present great building, the masterpiece of Sir John Vanbrugh, was built for the first Duke of Marlborough and was named after the scene of his famous victory, Blenheim.
The traditional story of Fair Rosamond, in which she is made to figure as a cruelly wronged and guileless damsel of impregnable virtue and the victim of an unreasoning jealousy, formed the basis of many novels,
p. 169
e.g., “Fair Rosamond,” by T. Miller (“The Parlour Library”), 1847, and as late as 1911 it was cast into the form of a one-act tragedy by Mr. Oliver W. F. Lodge, under the name of “The Labyrinth,” and was first performed by the Pilgrim Players on October 14 in that year. A little-known opera by Addison deals with the same theme; it is entitled “Rosamond” and is inscribed to the Duchess of Marlborough. The most poignant and beautiful version of the tragedy is that given by Swinburne in his “Rosamond” (not, of course, to be confused with his “Rosamund”).

Tennyson, in his “Becket,” makes that prelate rescue Rosamond from the Queen at the crucial moment and take her to Godstowe nunnery, whence she later escapes to intercede—ineffectually—with his murderers in Canterbury Cathedral.

No authentic portrait of Rosamond is known to exist, but in Hampton Court Palace, just outside Cardinal Wolsey’s Room, there hangs a half-length female portrait by an unknown painter (No. 961 [937]), which is labelled Rosamond Clifford. The lady depicted, however, is attired in a fashion which did not obtain until considerably later than the time of Rosamond; in fact, there seems to be no justification whatever for assuming that the picture represents the fair Rosamond at all, except perhaps in the imagination of the artist.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troy_Town

The name “Troy” has been associated with labyrinths from ancient times.

There is little information about him in the later histories of the Franks. Gregory of Tours only names him once as the father of Childeric I while putting doubt on his descent from Clodio.[2] Many admit today that this formulation finds its explanation in a legend reported by Fredegar.[3] The Chronicle of Fredegar interpolated on this reference by Gregory by adding Merovech was the son of the queen, Clodio’s wife; but his father was a sea-god, bistea Neptuni.[4] No other historical evidence exists that Merovech ever lived. Some researchers have noted that Merovech, the Frankish chieftain, may have been the namesake of a certain god or demigod honored by the Franks prior to their conversion to Christianity. It has been suggested Merovech refers to or is reminiscent to the Dutch river Merwede,[5] nowadays part of the Rhine-Meus-Scheldt delta but historically a main subsidiary of the Rhine, in the neighborhood of which the Salian Franks once dwelled according to Roman historians. Another theory[6] considers this legend to be the creation of a mythological past needed to back up the fast-rising Frankish rule in Western Europe.

According to another legend, Merovech was conceived when Pharamond’s wife encountered a Quinotaur, a sea monster which could change shapes while swimming. Though never stated, it is implied that she was impregnated by it. This legend was related by Fredegar in the seventh century, and may have been known earlier. The legend is probably a back-formation or folk etymology used to explain the Salian Franks’ origin as a sea coast dwelling people, and based on the name itself. The “Mero-” or “Mer-” element in the name suggests a sea or ocean (see Old English “mere,” Latin “mare,” or even the Modern English word “mermaid,” etc.). The “Salian” in “Salian Franks” may be a reference to salt, a reminder of their pre-migration home on the shores of the North Sea (alternatively, it may refer to the Isala or IJssel river behind which their homeland, the Salland, may have been located). The legend could also be explained in a much easier way. The sea monster could have been a foreign conqueror, coming from the sea, taking the dead king’s(Chlodio or Pharamonds) wife to legitimise his rule.

The first Frankish royal dynasty called themselves Merovingians in his honor.Merovech may have been the father of Childeric I who may have succeeded him.

Reference in popular culture

The legend about Merovech’s conception was adapted in 1982 by authors Henry Lincoln and Richard Leigh in their book Holy Blood Holy Grail, as the seed of a new idea. They hypothesized that this “descended from a fish” legend was actually referring to the concept that the Merovingian line had married into the bloodline of Jesus Christ, since the symbol for early Christians had also been a fish. This theory, with no other basis than Lincoln and Leigh’s concoction, was further popularized in 2003 via Dan Brown’s bestselling novel, The Da Vinci Code.[7][8]
There is also a fictional character called The Merovingian in the movies The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions (portrayed by Lambert Wilson). The character is modeled as an ancient and powerful leader of exiles. He also has extensive knowledge of the inner workings of the universe and uses this knowledge to support his decadent lifestyle. The Merovingian is very much a mystical king type character.

http://www.geni.com/people/M%C3%A9rovech-I-King-of-the-Salian-Franks/6000000002143186115

The Frankish mythology that has survived in primary sources is comparable to that of the Aeneas and Romulus myths take in Roman mythology, but altered to suit Germanic tastes. Like many Germanic peoples, the Franks told a founding myth story to explain their connection with peoples of classical history. In the case of the Franks, these peoples were the Sicambri and the Trojans. An anonymous work of 727 called Liber Historiae Francorum states that following the fall of Troy, 12,000 Trojans led by chiefs Priam and Antenor moved to the Tanais (Don) river, settled in Pannonia near the Sea of Azov and founded a city called “Sicambria”. In just two generations (Priam and his son Marcomer) from the fall of Troy (by modern scholars dated in the late Bronze Age) they arrive in the late 4th century AD at the Rhine

Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery has a world-renowned collection of works by Burne-Jones and the Pre-Raphaelites that, some claim, strongly influenced the young J.R.R. Tolkien,[10] who would later go on to write his novels, such as The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, with their influence taken from the same mythological scenes portrayed by the Pre-Raphaelites.

The Briar Rose: The Briar Wood

In the original study for The Briar Wood some of the knights appear to be more feminine than masculine. Burne-Jones modelled the knights from women: Jane Morris, Georgiana (his wife), and Maria Zambaco, the Greek beauty who later became his paramour.

Morris and Co. designs often were created for one medium and then adapted and modified for another. Edward Burne-Jones designed a set of nine two-tile Sleeping Beauty panels for a bedroom fireplace at ‘The Hill’, the home of painter Myles Birket Foster in the 1860s.
Ten years later, he developed a series of three small paintings, and then four larger works that he worked on intermittently from 1870 to 1890. The series was displayed with verses by William Morris. Unlike the fairy tale tales painted for ‘The Hill’, the Briar Rose series does not tell a sequential story but shows the sleepers as seen by the prince as he makes his way through the castle to The Rose Bower.

The Danish part of Jutland. Brown: Southern Schleswig, historically a part of Jutland Region, although now in Germany. Yellow: Holstein, not part of Jutland Region, also Germany.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jutland_Peninsula

The Jutland Peninsula (Danish: Den Jyske Halvø German: Jütische Halbinsel) or more historically the Cimbrian Peninsula (Danish: Den Kimbriske Halvø German: Kimbrische Halbinsel) is a peninsula in Europe, divided between Denmark and Germany. The names are derived from the Jutes and the Cimbri.

and Oswin told his son the tale of Alboin son of Audoin, the Lombard king; and of the great battle of the Lombards and the Gepids, remembered as terrible even in the grim sixth century; and of the kings Thurisind and Cunimund, and of Rosamunda. ‘Not a good story for near bed-time,’ he said, ending suddenly with Alboin’s drinking from the jewelled skull of Cunimund…

Queen Princess Argotta Sicambrian (Argotta) “Rosamunde” Franken formerly Franks aka av Friesland, de Thuringia

Born about 0369 in Sicambria, , Western Europe, Francemap

Daughter of Genebald Franks II and Amalagerge (d’ Ostrogothe) Ostrogoths

[sibling(s) unknown]

Wife of Pharamond (Franks) Franken — married [date unknown] in , , Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germanymap

Wife of Adulphus Ostrogoths — married [date unknown] [location unknown]

Mother of Adelbertus Franks, Afranius Syagrius Franks, Afranius Syagrius Franks, Fredemundus Franks, Fredemundus (Franks) Franken, Adelbertus Moselle, Weldelphus (Of Thuringia) Thüringen, Basina Thuringia, Unknown (UNKNOWN) Unknown, Unknown UNKNOWN, Wedelplus King of (Von Thuringia) Thüringen, UNKNOWN Fredemundus, Erelicia (di Verona) Ostrogoths, Adelbertus (Moselle) de Moselle and Weldelphus (von Thuringia) Thüringen
German tribes were heavily influenced by the neighbouring Celts (Gauls), some of whom live on the Cimbric Peninsula (Jutland), and possibly in Sweden. A number of German gods and goddesses were borrowed from or shared with the Celts; for example Taran/Thor. Edward Dawson theorises that the Dene are likely named after a leader (a woman?), who in turn bore the name of the Goddess Danu or Dana. Either that or they were followers of Dana as a tribe and named such. Such a distinction between gods and earthly leaders is probably irrelevant due to ancient European deification customs wherein a strong leader was often elevated to deity status after death. Additionally, a name for the Danes was ‘Ingwine’. ‘Wine’ means friend, so the Danes were friends of Ingvi, part of the Germanic Ingaevones.

(Additional information by Edward Dawson, and from External Link: The Gutenburg Text of Beowulf, translation by Lesslie Hall, 1892.)

Skiold

First of the Scyldings, important both to Denmark and Angeln.

Skiold, or Scyld, first of the Scyldings, is the founding father of the Danes in southern Sweden, but is also a highly important figure in the list of kings of Angeln. Could there be an ancient connection between the Danes and the Angles which is remembered in this individual? He is sometimes called the king of Reidgotaland, whose location is disputed by scholars.

Fróði I / Frodhi I

Fridlief II

Havar

Fróði II / Frodhi II

Vermund the Sage

Vermund is probably the Vermundus of Saxo Grammaticus in his Danish History. He is said to be a Danish king, but he is a repetition from the list of kings of Angeln – Wærmund. His father and famous son, Wihtlæg and Offa respectively, are also copied, as Vigletus and Uffo. Typically, the famous rulers of a district which later comes to be ruled by Danes are called Danes themselves.

Olaf the Mild

Dan mikilláti / Dan the Magnificent

Son of Danp , who was the brother-in-law of Domar.

Dan is the legendary founder of the (ancient) Danish kingdom. He is mentioned in several medieval Scandinavian texts, which establish that he is either the son of Danp or one of the sons of King Ypper of Uppsala (the other two being Nori, who later rules Norway, and Østen, who later rules the Swedes (possibly the Östen of the late sixth century)). Whatever Dan’s reality in history, his coming suggests that a new dynasty is founded, or at least that a sideshoot of the same dynasty of ancient rulers of the Dene takes over.

Fróði mikilláti / Frodhi III

Son.

Halfdan I

Fridlief III

Fróði IV

Last of the ancient Scyldings?

Ingild / Ingeld / Ingjald

Of the Heaðobards. Survived the defeat against the Scyldings?

Fróði V / Froda

Of the Heaðobards. Killed.

Ingild and Fróði of the Heaðobards (Heathobards or Heathobeards) fight a war of dynastic rivalry (or inter-tribal conflict, if the Heathobards are accepted as the Langobards of western Poland) against the Scyldings. It is a war that apparently represents a shift in power from the traditional rulers of the Danes, signalling the end of the ancient ruling dynasty and allowing the beginning of a new one which is later genealogically attached to the Scyldings (alternatively, the ancient house, whose name is lost, is attached to the new rulers to give them an air of legitimacy).

The new order is represented by the Scyldings and the Healfdena, who win the war and who possibly lead the migration of Danes from Sweden into the Cimbric Peninsula. This puts pressure on the Jutes in the north of the peninsula, probably resulting in feuds and local power struggles (which impacts upon the Angles and minor groups such as the Germanic Rondings). The fifth century migration period is one in which no one Dane rules over all the Danish peoples, representing an interregnum of sorts. At least one probable sub-grouping can be identified under Hnæf Healfdene, and there probably exist other factions which have been lost to history.

fl c.390s?

Scyld Scaefson / Shield Scaefson

Son of Scaef. ‘The Great Ring Giver’. King of the Dene?

Scyld Scaefson is later added to the genealogies of the descendant kings of Angeln, probably due to his importance as an early Dane in the Cimbric Peninsula. He is known as the ‘Great Ring Giver’ signifying a powerful lord who is able to well reward his followers. The question is whether he is a king or perhaps a leader of his peoples as they migrate into the peninsula – or perhaps both. Could Scyld be the father of kings who himself does not rule but helps in establishing his people in their new territory?

fl c.420?

Beowulf

Son of Scyld, father of Healfdene, grandfather of Hrothgar.

fl c.420

Hoc Healfdene?

Born to mixed parentage (‘half-Dane’). King of the Dene?

While not a Scylding himself, Hoc seems to be allied to them by blood or marriage, perhaps explaining the Danish half of his parentage (or the parentage of an earlier generation of his family, although it cannot even be confirmed that Hoc is a name and not an eponym (as per Widsith)). The Danish side of his parentage is covered by the epic poem, Beowulf, which describes him as the son of Beowulf (the elder), while the other side is most likely to be Jutish or Anglian, given that the Danes are intruding into the territory of these peoples. The other likely explanation for ‘Healfdene’ is that he commands a mixed following of Danes and Jutes. The name of Scylding is later attached to the man who is probably his son, Hnæf.

Lombardic Legend in The Lost Road

“I am looking for something I can’t find” – J.R.R.Tolkien

In February 1968, in a Letter addressing an article, Tolkien wrote:

L. (C.S.Lewis) said to me one day: ‘Tollers, there is too little of what we really like in stories. I am afraid we shall have to try and write some ourselves.’ We agreed that he should try ‘space-travel’, and I should try ‘time-travel’.
Letter #294

And so was “The Lost Road” begun.

This exciting story had never been finished, yet it had a strong resonance within the whole scope of Tolkien’s Legendarium.

However, in the existing variants of The Lost Road, there are quite a few other intriguing elements – the strong reference to the history of the Lombards being certainly one of them.

In a letter of July 1964 (Letter # 257), Tolkien gives some account of his book:

When C. S. Lewis and I tossed up, and he was to write on space-travel and I on time-travel, I began an abortive book of time-travel of which the end was to be the presence of my hero in the drowning of Atlantis.

This was to be called Numenor, the Land in the West. … It started with a father-son affinity between Edwin and Elwin of the present, and was supposed to go back into legendary time by way of an Eadwine and AElfwine of circa A.D.918, and Audoin and Alboin of Lombardic legend, and so to the traditions of the North Sea concerning the coming of corn and culture heroes, ancestors of kingly lines, in boats (and their departure in funeral ships). … In my tale we were to come at last to Amandil and Elendil leaders of the loyal party in Numenor, when it fell under the domination of Sauron. Elendil ‘elf-friend’ was the founder of the Exiled kingdoms in Arnor and Gondor.

In a reverse mode, Tolkien named the central characters of his “The Lost Road” Alboin (being the father) and Audoin (being the son).

Lombardic Legend

In the main story, as far as the narrative of “The Lost Road” goes on, comes the Lombardic legend, told by Oswin Errol to his son Alboin.

…’I wondered why Alboin. Why am I called Alboin?…
…it is a real name, isn’t it?’ said Alboin eagerly. ‘I mean, it means something, and men have been called it? It isn’t just invented?
and Oswin told his son the tale of Alboin son of Audoin, the Lombard king; and of the great battle of the Lombards and the Gepids, remembered as terrible even in the grim sixth century; and of the kings Thurisind and Cunimund, and of Rosamunda. ‘Not a good story for near bed-time,’ he said, ending suddenly with Alboin’s drinking from the jewelled skull of Cunimund…

Oswin Errol ended thus the story and did not tell his son how Rosamunda exacted her revenge. The outcome of her machinations was that Alboin was murdered in his bed, and his body was buried ‘at the going up of the stairs which are near to the palace,’ amid great lamentation of the Lombards.

The reference Tolkien makes to the Lombardic legend does not, however, end here.

Further in the course of developing the story, or rather creating its new versions, we find more on the issue – namely, in the myth of KingSheave ([1] , [2] ).

The legend of KingSheave itself is an intriguing and thrilling story. But what connects it to the Lombardic Legend is that in the Poem version, the mysterious child comes to the shores of the land of the Longobards! And it is their people that the migthy foreign king brings high up in development, for he:

Their need he healed, and laws renewed long forsaken.
Words he taught them wise and lovely –
their tongue ripened in the time of Sheave
to song and music. Secrets he opened
runes revealing. Riches he gave them,
reward of labour, wealth and comfort
from the earth calling, acres ploughing,
sowing in season seed of plenty,
hoarding in garner golden harvest
for the help of men. The hoar forests
in his days drew back to the dark mountains;
the shadow receded, and shining corn,
white ears of wheat, whispered in the breezes
where waste had been. The woods trembled.

Halls and houses hewn of timber,
strong towers of stone steep and lofty,
golden-gabled, in his guarded city
they raised and roofed. In his royal dwelling
of wood well-carven the walls were wrought;
fair-hued figures filled with silver,
gold and scarlet, gleaming hung there,
stories boding of strange countries,
were one wise in wit the woven legends
to thread with thought. At his throne men found
counsel and comfort and care’s healing,
justice in judgement. Generous-handed
his gifts he gave. Glory was uplifted.
Far sprang his fame over fallow water,
through Northern lands the renown echoed
of the shining king, Sheave the mighty.

And it is so that the history of the people of the Longobards comes as a legend in “The Lost Road”.

Historia Langobardorum

In his notes and comments to The Lost Road (Volume V-th of the HoMe series), Christopher Tolkien himself pays special attention to the Lombardic legend, providing it in a longer variant, grounding it on the Historia Langobardorum by Paul the Deacon.

The Lombards (‘Long-beards’: Latin Langobardi, Old English Long- beardan) were a Germanic people renowned for their ferocity. From their ancient homes in Scandinavia they moved southwards, but very little is known of their history before the middle of the sixth century. At that time their king was Audoin …

“Historia Langobardorum” can be found in full details at [3].

Interrelations with other sources

It is interesting to find out why Tolkien had paid so much special attention to the tales and legends about the people of the Longobards, why he would make its main characters the prototypes of characters in his own myths and tales… Why the Longobards out of all other existing peoples?!

I would explain it by the fact that since the yearly years of his life Tolkien had been strongly fascinated by the ancient legends and tales of the Old Norse Mythlogy.

In fact, his peculiar interest in creating languages of his own had taken him along a road that lead him to studying the history of those peoples of the North who once, long before his own time, must’ve spoken the languages that appealed to him, peoples that must’ve spoken the language in The Land of Heroes – the “Kalevala”, the languages of those ancient peoples whose legendary heroes used to thrill the imagination of young Tolkien.

And as it is obvious from “Historia Langobardorum”, from the pure historical facts and from the myths themselves, the Longobards were once a people living far in the North. This people had a long and exciting history that must have impressed Tolkien very much. For their march from the far northern regions to the Southern parts of the continent did not last for a couple of years only, and during this migration the tribe would interact with most of the peoples then living in the lands of today’s Europe and left a memorable trace in the European history.

Can it be assumed which Northern people the Longobards were?

An answer to such a question is approached well in details in Book 1, Chapters 1, 2 and 3 in the “Historia Langobardorum”., the author calling them Winnili- coming from the Germanic tribes living in the far northern regions of Europe -in the what was then believed to be an island – Scandinavia. The name of the tribe is considered to mean eager for battle according to Bruckner (322); and according to Schmidt (37) it is related to the Gothic “vinja”, ” pasture.”

On the other hand, there is a striking similarity between what we read in the Lombardic legend itself – the part about KingSheave and his deeds for the people of the Longobards and what we read in “Beowulf” :

LO, praise of the prowess of people-kings of spear-armed Danes, in days long sped, we have heard, and what honor the athelings won! Oft Scyld the Scefing from squadroned foes, from many a tribe, the mead-bench tore, awing the earls. Since erst he lay friendless, a foundling, fate repaid him: for he waxed under welkin, in wealth he throve, till before him the folk, both far and near, who house by the whale-path, heard his mandate, gave him gifts: a good king he!

Therefore, could it be that those Winilli were in fact the Danes!

The Danes were residents of Denmark. Hroðgar’s Heorot is likely to have been located on the island of Sjaelland near the present day city of Roskilde.

The Scylding line is known through Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon sources; the Anglo-Saxon king Cnut (1016-1042, a period coincident with the composition of the Beowulf manuscript) is known to have descended from this line.

The Danes are referred to as the Dena, Beorht-Dena? (Bright-), Gar-Dena? (Spear-), Hring-Dena? (Ring-, Corselet-), East-Dena?, Norð-Dena? (North-), Suð-Dena? (South-), West-Dena?, Scyldings (Sons of Scyld), Ar-Scyldingas? (Honour-), Here-Scyldingas? (Army-), Sige-Scyldingas? (Victory-), Þeod-Scyldingas? (People-), and Ingwines (Ing’s Friends).

Above data taken from : [4]

If the Danes were Ingwines, let’s remember the Ingwaiwar [5]

So, if we trace these interrelations, it results that the Winilli could be the same Danes who were the friends of Ing who in thweir turn were Elf – friends and that the legendary KingSheave = Scyld the Scefing had once come to their lands out from the open sea.

Interesting detail – the scull cup

In the great battle between the Lombards and another Germanic people, the Gepids, Alboin son of Audoin slew Thurismod, son of the Gepid king Thurisind, in single combat; and when the Lombards returned home after their victory they asked Audoin to give his son the rank of a companion of his table, since it was by his valour that they had won the day. But this Audoin would not do, for, he said, ‘it is not the custom among us that the king’s son should sit down with his father before he has first received weapons from the king of some other people.’ When Alboin heard this he went with forty young men of the Lombards to king Thurisind to ask this honour from him. Thurisind welcomed him, invited him to the feast, and seated him at his right hand, where his dead son Thurismod used to sit.

But as the feast went on Thurisind began to think of his son’s death, and seeing Alboin his slayer in his very place his grief burst forth in words: ‘Very pleasant to me is the seat,’ he said, ‘but hard is it to look upon him who sits in it.’ Roused by these words the king’s second son Cunimund began to revile the Lombard guests; insults were uttered on both sides, and swords were grasped. But on the very brink Thurisind leapt up from the table, thrust himself between the Gepids and the Lombards, and threatened to punish the first man who began the fight.

Thus he allayed the quarrel; and taking the arms of his dead son he gave them to Alboin, and sent him back in safety to his father’s kingdom.

Audoin died some ten years after the battle, and Alboin became king of the Lombards in 565. A second battle was fought against the Gepids, in which Alboin slew their king Cunimund and took his daughter Rosamunda captive. At Easter 568 Alboin set out for the conquest of Italy; and in 572 he was murdered.

In the story told by Paul the Deacon, at a banquet in Verona Alboin gave his queen Rosamunda wine to drink in a cup made from the skull of king Cunimund, and invited her to drink merrily with her father (‘and if this should seem to anyone impossible,’ wrote Paul, ‘I declare that I speak the truth in Christ: I have seen (Radgisl) the prince holding the very cup in his hand on a feastday and showing it to those who sat at the table with him.’)

From “Historia Langobardorum”

Many battles had the people of the Longobardi fought throughtout their stormy history, but the battle between them and another ferrociuos tribe, at the time when they had already settled in the lands of present North Italy, seems to be one of the most renown in the history of whole Europe.

Paulus Diaconus speaks of the enemy of the Longobardi to be another Germanic tribe – the Gepids and describes well, as the legend itself, too, the corageous fight of the Longobards against them.

Here are, however, some facts, provided by a leading Bulgarian historian – Bojidar Dimitrov, PhD?.

Indeed, some West-European? authors mention the Bulgarians even during that epoch. These were mainly accounts of battles describing them or their participation. We could only guess as to why did the Pannonian and the Carpathian Bulgarians not come to terms with the Longobards but the frequent wars between them are a fact. It is thanks to them that we know of the battle in which the Bulgarians had cruelly defeated the Longobards, slayed their king Agelmundi and took his daughter captive. Then Lamissio, the new king of the Longobards, hit back and defeated the Bulgarians.

The Bulgarian tribes’ involvement in joint operations with other peoples would eventually disperse a great many of those who inhabited Central Europe. Thus in 568-569 AD, when the Longobardic king Alboin conquered three big areas in northern Italy – Liguria, Lombardy and Etruria, the population that the king sent there did not consist of Longobardic tribes only, but also of Bulgarian allied tribes from Pannonia.

Other Bulgarian tribes in the Avar khanate also took part in the Avar campaigns against Byzantium. In 631-632 AD they launched fierce battles to take over the supreme power in the khanate, but were defeated and 9000 of them left Pannonia and withdrew to Bavaria under the Frankish king Dagobert. It is not known why Dagobert welcomed them but later gave orders for them to be killed overnight. The survivinq 700 families succeeded in escaping in battle, crossing the Alps and arriving in Longobardy, where many of their compatriots had already been living. At long last they were well received and offered their first accommodation in the region of Venice but after the year 668 AD they had to move to the deserted coast of Ravena, an exarchate in present-day Italian region of Campobasso. Two hundred years later an ancient writer, Paulus Diaconus, visited them and heard them speak Latin and Bulgarian.

Details – in : [6]

Therefore, it becomes obvious that though enemies at first, later the Panonian Bulgarians seem to have become allies to the Longobards and together they fought for their new settlements in Northern Italy.

What speaks also of the presence and influence of the Bulgarians in the affairs and the style of life of the Lombards is the detail with the cup made out of the enemy’s scull, which we read about both – in the legend as it comes in “The Lost Road” and in Historia Langobardorum.

This “tradition” had been well often practiced in the war-affairs of the Bulgarians long before and after their interaction with the Longobards and the other European peoples. In 811 A.D., after one of his great victories over the Byzantine Emperors Nicephorus I, Khan Krum – ruler at that time of the already existing and strong state of Bulgaria ( the state was founded in 681), had the Emperor’s skull lined with silver and drank from it at his feasts.

I am not quite certain, whether this essay is meant as a general overview of Lombardic history or legend and Tolkien’s possible connections to that, or if this is just an account of Tolkien’s brief mentionings of the Lombards and an attempt to connect those with “real” legends and/or history. But I’ll add my thoughts anyway:

When Tolkien wrote in his letter (#257) … Audoin and Alboin of Lombardic legend,… he was certainly aware that Paul the Deacon, the main source of most what was known thitherto about the history of the Lombards was no reliable historian whose accounts – especially of the earlier “history” of the Lombards – could be taken for “historical facts”. Paul’s accounts, probably, had a similar “reliability” as, for example, Geoffrey of Monmouth’s accounts in his “Historia regum Britanniae”, written in the 12th century. I think this was the reason for Tolkien’s wording ‘Lombardic legend’ rather than ‘Lombardic history’.

First archeological evidence of the Lombards is from the 1st century BCE, in the region of the lower Elbe and whether or not the Lombards had their origin in Scandinavia is still subject of dispute among serious historians. It should be noted that the Lombards in their early times were passing down their “history” orally, hence only sparse written documentation exists from before their arrival in Italy. Thus it can be suspected, that Paul was relying on Jordanes’ writings – or maybe also on the Origo gentis Langobardorum from the middle of the 7th century – when he ascribed a Scandinavian origin to the Lombards in his Historia Langobardorum, written late in the 8th century. Generally, it seems, it was “fashionable” among early medieval “historians” to ascribe their ancestors a Biblical, Trojan or Scandinavian origin.

Even the episode of Alboin and Rosamunde, which Tolkien only alludes to, and of which Christopher provides us with Paul the Deacon’s account, can – IMO not be considered a hard historical “fact”. “Fact” is, that Paul wrote some 200 years later about events that were subject of much folk-tale and folk-song, and drinking from a skull – jewelled or no – was not altogether rare, since the Huns had “introduced” this habit a few centuries earlier. People back then – as the hypothesis is amongst scholars – thought they would “inherit” the strength of the slain, if they drank from their skulls. But whether or not this “habit” was widespread among Germanic tribes is debated.

One of the possible reasons for Tolkien’s interest in the Lombards was the fact, that the tribe of the Lombards from the middle of the 5th century on began to merge with that of the Saxons at the lower Elbe. Tolkien himself had Saxon ancestors, which was probably one of the reasons for his attempt to create an Anglo-Saxon mythology for England.

— ChW

This study was aimed at providing some historical background (as much as I could find) to the “Lombardic Legend”, for the history of the tribe of the Lombards comes as a legend in the events in “The Lost Road”.

I found intriguing two small elements in the tale told by Oswin to his son Alboin, namely the name of the boy – Alboin and the scull cup; the first one because it revealed in its own subtle way the interaction of Tolkien’s ideas in the process of creating his Legendarium, because this name leads back to the Book of Lost Tales – II and the character of Eriol, the Elf-friend; the second – because I recognized something from the history of my own people and that was a real temptation difficult to resist and not try to find out more about it from the p.o.v. of real history.

This study has also tried to track some interlacing between the “Lombardic legend” and some others tales and legends such as that of Beowulf and that of the misterious KingSheave. — LR

I see, thanks for explaining that, I wasn’t sure as what I should see it. Indeed, if there is one recurrent “motif” in Tolkien’s legendarium it is that of the “Elf-friends”. Eriol (‘one who dreams alone’) became Ælfwine (‘elf-friend’), the ThreeHouses, the Elendili, Bilbo, Frodo, even Gimli, all were – or became – Elf-friends. Even outside Tolkien’s mythology we can make it out, like in Smith (of Wootton Major). And in the Anglo-Saxon name Ælfwine Tolkien could actually make out a linguistic trace of his “Elf-friends”. Alboin (alb … Germanic for ‘elf’ is still existant in a few modern German words) was a Germanic ancestor of the name Ælfwine. Tolkien explains in his Notes on Nomenclature:

Elf-friend. Translate. It was suggested by Ælfwine, the English form of an old Germanic name (represented for instance in the Lombardic Alboin), though its analyzable meaning was probably not recognized or thought significant by the many recorded bearers of the name Aelfwine in Old English.

Thus, it seems only natural that Tolkien’s interest would be immediatly drawn, should he encounter a name like Alboin.

But I do not share your point of view that the Lombards can be considered “Norse-people” at any rate. They are a Germanic people, but definitely not Norse. Norse is primarily a linguistic term referring to Old Norwegian and Old Icelandic, the latter being the language in which the biggest pieces of the old – Germanic or Northern – myths – the Eddas – had survived, in Iceland. On the European continent and in England and Ireland these old pagan myths were either Christianized or extinguished.

Neither is it likely that the Lombards can be made out as “Danes”, according to recent historians the Lombards simply can not – with any certainty – be traced further back than the 1st century BCE and the region of the lower Elbe, neither archeologically nor linguistically. — ChW

I agree with your point about the Lombards not being a “Norse” people, for they seem to be neither Norwegens nor Finns. I only said that Tolkien was strongly interested in Norse mythology and that made him study the history of that part of the continent. Ans as far as I could gather form Historia Langobardorum, the Lombards are believed to have come from the Scandianvian peninsula.

The link I make between the Lombards and the Danes comes as based upon what I read in the Historia Langobardorum, as well as upon the interesting interpretations of the name of their people, given in a quote above, one of them being “sons of Scyld” and another – Ingwines (Ing’s Friends). If Scyld is (as far as I understand) the same KingSheave and if in tales the latter is said to have come to the lands of the Longobards (as in the poem of KingSheave) and to be a “good king” to the Danes (as in Beowulf), can’t such link be assumed?

Besides, you have provided some additional information about the Lombards having some “affairs” with the Anglo – Saxons, this on one hand, and on the other hand the fact that Tolkien named the Anglo – Saxons Ingwaiwar (as appears in my little research Of the Seven Invasions ), then yet taking into consideration the interpretation of the name “Danes” as being “Ingwines” = “Ing’s friends” ” , can’t such link be assumed?

However, ancient history is not an easy matter to deal with, for all we can use are the sources from those times and they sometimes are scarce, and sometimes not even very true. Therefore I would not claim for certain that the Lombards and the Danes are one and the same people. All I am providing are some facts from different sources and my interpretation of these facts. Such “theories” , of course, cannot be taken for granted! Moreover, I am not a history-scholar.–LR

Sorry, it seems then, that I was misreading your question: Can it be determined which of the Norse peoples the Longobards were?. This wording suggests – to me – that Lombards were Norse (speaking) people, maybe a different wording could make this a little more clear. Another statement that could be easily misread is that referring to the Kalevala. Not everyone knows – as you do – that the Kalevala is a Finnish epos and as such it belongs to the Finno-Ugric? language group. But since the reference comes in the paragraph following that mentioning Norse mythology – which belongs to the Indo-European? language group – it could easily be assumed that the Kalevala would belong to Norse mythology…

On the one hand we have a suggested link between Scyld/Sheaf/Ing and the Danes, but a link to the Winnili or Lombards I fail to recognize in the informations you give above. Only if we would consider Tolkien’s poem (In days of yore out of deep Ocean to the Longobards, in the land dwelling that of old they held amid the isles of the North…’) as factual, historical, information, such a connection could be drawn. But in those few texts I have browsed, I have not been able to make out anything which would be able to prove – or at least suggest – such a connection [3] [7] [8], unless we assume that everyone who had possible ancestors in Scandinavia belongs to one and the same people.

But some recent historians suggest that the Winnili were not a race as Paulus assumed, rather a community of several groups or tribes, probably with different ancestors. From archeological evidence it is also assumed that the Lombards were agricultural people before they began to merge with the Saxon shepherds and breeders, the former possibly representing – at least in part – remnants of Old-European? inhabitants, whereas the latter were – again at least in part – the heirs of the Proto-Indoeuropean? nomadic Kurgan people. This seems also supported by humangenetic researches. Karin Priester in Die Geschichte der Langobarden gives a good overview of the recent state of researches about the history of the Lombards. — ChW

I admit one should be very careful with wording.

I’ve changed this here and there above in order to possibly avoid any further misinterpretations. If however there’s still sth. dubious, I’m ready to try to dispel it.

As for the Winilli I don’t think that P.D. leaves the reader with the opinion of them being a “race”, but simply a part of a larger tribe.–LR
Thank you, the essay – to me – looks already much clearer now. What led me to the opinion that Paul assumes the Winnili to be a race, was his statement in book I chapter 1: In like manner also the race of Winnili, [5] that is, of Langobards,… — ChW

Well, I see. However in the content of the story as a whole, I did not get the impression of him considering them a “race”. Perhaps it’s another example of not carefully chosen wording. –LR

Above is a painting done by my late sister titled ‘Story Teller’. Christine was a good story teller, as was Rosemary and myself. This gift ran in the family. What is astounding, is, that the ghost writer Stacey Pierrot hired, claims there exist very few of Christine Rosamond’s words, and thus Tom snyder does not include but a handful. This contradicts what Pierrot said in 1997, that Christine was dictating her life story to Sanda Faulkner. If there exist words by the Rose of the World, then Pierrot can not now proudce them lest she be titled a ‘Story Teller’. I laugh!

Story Teller can be titled ‘Kundry and the Flower Maidens’. Kundry is depicted as a Mary Magdalene, who in turn is depicted as a Grail Lineage from Jesus that begat a royal and divine race. Kundry is called ‘The Rose of Hades’ a name that can be applied to Orpheus and his wife, Eurydice. The photograph of Rena Christiansen, that was used for a Oktoberfest poster at the University of Nebraska, would make a excellent Kundry. Indeed, Rena and her boyfriend engaged in the black arts, which I would push out of her being atop a mountain.

Rena is the Silent Muse of Christine Rosamond, daughter of Rosemary, granddaughter of Maryly Magdalene Rosamond. Yesterday I had lunch with Marilyn Reed who has agreed to help raise Rosamond’s Creative Legacy from hell. She will help sell Rosamond’s images of beautiful women for my two nieces, and act as my agent in seeking a publisher and a producer of a great story – that needs to be told!

Members of the Rosemond family in Holland were Swan Brethren. Lohengrin was a Knight of the Swan. His father, Parsifal, encounters Kundry and the Flower Maidens who hold the secret of the Grail that is needed to save King Arthur’s kingdom. Christine and I were Flower Children.
I have been on the bus!
Jon Presco
Copyright 2011

The historic region of Jutland, the area that was covered by Codex Holmiensis (Jyske Lov) covered the Jutland Peninsula area north of Eider River and included Funen, the North Jutlandic Island and other smaller islands. Much of the varying definitions of what Jutland consists of are due to differences between the Jutland peninsula considered as a geographic feature and Jutland considered as a historical political territory.
Its terrain is relatively flat, with open lands, plains and peat bogs in the west and a more elevated and slightly hilly terrain in the east.

The Cimbri were a Germanic tribe,[1] who together with the Teutones and the Ambrones fought the Roman Republic between 113 and 101 BC. The Cimbri were initially successful, particularly at the Battle of Arausio, in which up to 120,000 Roman soldiers were killed, after which they raided large areas in Gaul and Hispania. In 101 BC, during an attempted invasion of Italy, the Cimbri were decisively defeated by Gaius Marius, and their king, Boiorix, was killed. Some of the surviving captives are reported to have been among the rebelling Gladiators in the Third Servile War.[2] A contemporary Germanic community in Northern Italy who speak the Cimbrian language is also known as the Cimbri.

Archaeologists have not found any clear indications of a mass migration from Jutland in the early Iron Age. The Gundestrup Cauldron, which was deposited in a bog in Himmerland in the 2nd or 1st century BC, shows that there was some sort of contact with southeastern Europe, but it is uncertain if this contact can be associated with the Cimbrian expedition.[3]
Advocates for a northern homeland point to Greek and Roman sources that associate the Cimbri with the peninsula of Jutland, Denmark. According to the Res gestae (ch. 26) of Augustus, the Cimbri were still found in the area around the turn of the 1st century AD:
My fleet sailed from the mouth of the Rhine eastward as far as the lands of the Cimbri, to which, up to that time, no Roman had ever penetrated either by land or by sea, and the Cimbri and Charydes and Semnones and other peoples of the Germans of that same region through their envoys sought my friendship and that of the Roman people.
The contemporary Greek geographer Strabo testifies that the Cimbri still existed as a Germanic tribe, presumably in the “Cimbric peninsula” (since they are said to live by the North Sea and to have paid tribute to Augustus):
As for the Cimbri, some things that are told about them are incorrect and others are extremely improbable. For instance, one could not accept such a reason for their having become a wandering and piratical folk as this that while they were dwelling on a Peninsula they were driven out of their habitations by a great flood-tide; for in fact they still hold the country which they held in earlier times; and they sent as a present to Augustus the most sacred kettle in their country, with a plea for his friendship and for an amnesty of their earlier offences, and when their petition was granted they set sail for home; and it is ridiculous to suppose that they departed from their homes because they were incensed on account of a phenomenon that is natural and eternal, occurring twice every day. And the assertion that an excessive flood-tide once occurred looks like a fabrication, for when the ocean is affected in this way it is subject to increases and diminutions, but these are regulated and periodical.
—[4]
On the map of Ptolemy, the “Kimbroi” are placed on the northernmost part of the peninsula of Jutland.,[5] i.e. in the modern landscape of Himmerland south of Limfjorden (since Vendsyssel-Thy north of the fjord was at that time a group of islands). Himmerland (Old Danish Himbersysel) is generally thought to preserve their name,[6] in an older form without Grimm’s law (PIE k > Germ. h). Alternatively, Latin C- represents an attempt to render the unfamiliar Proto-Germanic h = [χ], perhaps due to Celtic-speaking interpreters (a Celtic intermediary would also explain why Germanic *Þeuðanōz became Latin Teutones).
The origin of the name Cimbri is unknown. One etymology[7] is PIE *tḱim-ro- “inhabitant”, from tḱoi-m- “home” (> Eng. home), itself a derivation from tḱei- “live” (> Greek κτίζω, Latin sinō); then, the Germanic *χimbra- finds an exact cognate in Slavic sębrъ “farmer” (> Croatian, Serbian sebar, Russ. sjabër).
Because of the similarity of the names, the Cimbri were at times associated with Cymry, the Welsh name for themselves.[8] However, this word is regularly derived from Celtic *Kombrogi, meaning “compatriots”.[9] Cumry is an evoluted form of the Old Welsh, with an assimilation of [b] to first [m], the second element brogi changed into bro “country” in Modern Welsh. It is hardly conceivable that the Romans would have recorded such a form as Cimbri[10][11] The name has also been related to the word kimme meaning “rim”, i.e. the people of the coast.[12] Finally, since Antiquity, the name has been related to that of the Cimmerians.[13]
Migration[edit]

Journey of Cimbri and Teutones
Cimbri and Teuton defeats
Cimbri and Teuton victories
Some time before 100 BC many of the Cimbri, as well as the Teutons and Ambrones migrated south-east. After several unsuccessful battles with the Boii and other Celtic tribes, they appeared ca 113 BC in Noricum, where they invaded the lands of one of Rome’s allies, the Taurisci.
On the request of the Roman consul Gnaeus Papirius Carbo, sent to defend the Taurisci, they retreated, only to find themselves deceived and attacked at the Battle of Noreia, where they defeated the Romans. Only a storm, which separated the combatants, saved the Roman forces from complete annihilation.
Invading Gaul[edit]
Now the road to Italy was open, but they turned west towards Gaul. They came into frequent conflict with the Romans, who usually came out the losers. In Commentarii de Bello Gallico the Aduaticii—Belgians of Cimbrian origin—repeatedly sided with Rome’s enemies. In 109 BC, they defeated a Roman army under the consul Marcus Junius Silanus, who was the commander of Gallia Narbonensis. In 107 BC they defeated another Roman army under the consul Gaius Cassius Longinus, who was killed at the Battle of Burdigala (modern day Bordeaux) against the Tigurini, who were allies of the Cimbri.
Attacking the Roman Republic[edit]
It was not until 105 BC that they planned an attack on the Roman Republic itself. At the Rhône, the Cimbri clashed with the Roman armies. Discord between the Roman commanders, the proconsul Quintus Servilius Caepio and the consul Gnaeus Mallius Maximus, hindered Roman coordination and so the Cimbri succeeded in first defeating the legate Marcus Aurelius Scaurus and later inflicted a devastating defeat on Caepio and Maximus at the Battle of Arausio. The Romans lost as many as 80,000 men, excluding auxiliary cavalry and non-combatants who brought the total loss closer to 112,000.
Rome was in panic, and the terror cimbricus became proverbial. Everyone expected to soon see the new Gauls outside of the gates of Rome. Desperate measures were taken: contrary to the Roman constitution, Gaius Marius, who had defeated Jugurtha, was elected consul and supreme commander for five years in a row (104-100 BC).
Defeat[edit]

The Defeat of the Cimbri by Alexandre-Gabriel Décamps
In 103 BC, the Cimbri and their proto-Germanic allies, the Teutons, had turned to the Iberian Peninsula where they pillaged far and wide. During this time C. Marius had the time to prepare and, in 102 BC, he was ready to meet the Teutons and the Ambrones at the Rhône. These two tribes intended to pass into Italy through the western passes, while the Cimbri and the Tigurines were to take the northern route across the Rhine and later across the Tirolian Alps.
At the estuary of the Isère River, the Teutons and the Ambrones met Marius, whose well-defended camp they did not manage to overrun. Instead, they pursued their route, and Marius followed them. At Aquae Sextiae, the Romans won two battles and took the Teuton king Teutobod prisoner.
The Cimbri had penetrated through the Alps into northern Italy. The consul Quintus Lutatius Catulus had not dared to fortify the passes, but instead he had retreated behind the River Po, and so the land was open to the invaders. The Cimbri did not hurry, and the victors of Aquae Sextiae had the time to arrive with reinforcements. At the Battle of Vercellae, at the confluence of the Sesia River with the Po River, in 101 BC, the long voyage of the Cimbri also came to an end.
It was a devastating defeat, two chieftains, Lugius and Boiorix, died on the field, while the other chieftains Caesorix and Claodicus were captured.[14] The women killed both themselves and their children in order to avoid slavery. The Cimbri were annihilated, although some may have survived to return to the homeland where a population with this name was residing in northern Jutland in the 1st century AD, according to the sources quoted above. Some of the surviving captives are reported to have been among the rebelling Gladiators in the Third Servile War.[2]
However, Justin’s epitome of Trogus, 38.4, has Mithridates the Great state that the Cimbri are ravaging Italy while the Social War is going on, i.e. at some time in 90 – 88 BCE, thus more than a decade later,[15] after having sent ambassadors to the Cimbri to request military aid;[16] judging from the context they must then have been living in North Eastern Europe at the time.
Descendants[edit]
According to Julius Caesar, the Belgian tribe of the Atuatuci “was descended from the Cimbri and Teutoni, who, upon their march into our province and Italy, set down such of their stock and stuff as they could not drive or carry with them on the near (i.e. west) side of the Rhine, and left six thousand men of their company there with as guard and garrison” (Gall. 2.29, trans. Edwards). They founded the city of Atuatuca in the land of the Belgic Eburones, whom they dominated. Thus Ambiorix king of the Eburones paid tribute and gave his son and nephew as hostages to the Atuatuci (Gall. 6.27). In the first century AD, the Eburones were replaced or absorbed by the Germanic Tungri, and the city was known as Atuatuca Tungrorum, i.e. the modern city of Tongeren.
The population of modern-day Himmerland claims to be the heirs of the ancient Cimbri. The adventures of the Cimbri are described by the Danish nobel-prize-winning author Johannes V. Jensen, himself born in Himmerland, in the novel Cimbrernes Tog (1922), included in the epic cycle Den lange Rejse (English The Long Journey, 1923). The so-called Cimbrian bull (“Cimbrertyren”), a sculpture by Anders Bundgaard, was erected 14 April 1937 on a central town square in Aalborg, the capital of the region of North Jutland.
A German ethnic minority speaking the Cimbrian language have settled in the mountains between Vicenza, Verona and Trento in Italy (also known as Seven Communities) is also called the (Cimbri). For hundreds of years this isolated population consisting now of 4.400 inhabitants, has claimed to be the direct descendant of the Cimbri retreating in this area after the Roman aftermath. However it was more probably settlers from Bavaria in the Middle Ages. Most linguists remains committed to the hypothesis of medieval (11th to 12th century) immigration, to explain the presence of small German-speaking communities in the north of Italy.[17] Some genetic studies seem to prove a Celtic descendence of most inhabitants in the region, but not Germanic in fact,[18] that is reinforced by the Gaulish toponyms such as those ending with the suffix -ago < Celtic -*ako(n) (f.e. Asiago is clearly the same place-name as the numerous Azay, Aisy, Azé, Ezy in France, all from *Asiacum < Gaulish *Asiāko(n)). The Cimbrian origin is a myth that was popularized by the humanists in the 14th century.
On one occasion in 1709, for instance, Frederick IV of Denmark, also paid them a visit and he was greeted as their king. The population, which kept its independence during the Venice Republic, was later severely devastated by World War I. As a result, many Cimbri have left the mountainous region of Italy and are nowadays dispersed around the world.

By 112 B.C., Rome had its first encounter with migrating Germanic tribes, who five hundred years hence would overthrow their empire. Before this time, most of Western Europe was inhabited by Gauls, and the Germans were confined mostly to northern Germany and Scandinavia. The Cimbri, and Teutones, were two Germanic tribes who were thought to have left their homeland in Jutland, possibly due to flooding. They were several hundred thousand strong and were searching for a new homeland, with their wives, children, and belongings packed into wagons. To the Romans they appeared to be giants—most of the men being over six feet tall, and the women nearly as large.
The Romans first met both tribes when one of their allies in the region of Austria requested their help. The Roman army at first succeeded in driving them away, but later set them up for an ambush, which backfired. A large portion of the Roman army was annihilated and the remainder returned to Rome with stories of the fearsome barbarian hordes. But the worst disgrace was still to come. Seven years later, the Cimbri and Teutons were migrating around Gaul. Rome sent two legions to stop them from entering Roman territory. The leaders however, did not cooperate and as a result the legions were annihilated along with many camp followers. The resulting battle of Arausio was an unmitigated disaster, with more than 100,000 Romans killed, and several legions annhilated. The disaster emboldened the Cimbri to aggressively seek Roman territory, and horrified the Romans. It did, however, provide an opportunity for Marius, a long time veteran, to be elected Consul, and to make very important reforms of the army, before facing the Germans again.
Fortunately for Rome, the two migrating tribes split up and crossed the Alps at different passes, so Marius met them separately. He laid an ambush for the Teutones at Aquae Sextie, and then annihilated them. The entire tribe was slain or taken into slavery, and many of the women killed their children and then themselves. The following year, when the Cimbri passed over the Alps, they met the same fate at Vercellae.
One of the most celebrated Danish raids took place on the monastery on the Island of Lindesfarne off the northeast coast of Great Britain in 793. This raid became a model for Viking raids for the next 200 years and created the legend for the violence that came with them.  It made them a feared group throughout the Medieval world. In 833 a fleet of 350 Viking ship were moored in the Thames river as they pillage London and Canterbury. In 865 the Danes raided English monasteries and periodic raids continued until most of northern England was conquered.  York and its cathedral was sack and the village “reduce to destitution and ignorance” in 867. [Durant 4/483]  Although they slaughtered many original inhabitants, over the next 200 years northern England was settled by the Danes almost to the city of London.  They establish farms, villages, and trade. They established a rule of law known as Danelaw based very much on a jury system above the Thames River.  The Danes had many successive kings that ruled the northern lands of the Isles and fought against Viking raiders from Norway. Unfortunately, they also fought against one another too often. The Vikings,  including now Norwegians, invaded England, Ireland and Normandy. This included several invasions up the Seine River to Paris, one with two hundred ships. Some of the rulers of northern England were relatives of Svein Forkbeard Haraldsson also known as Sweyn of Denmark.  In 1002 Ethelred “the Unready or counseless” conquered several areas of northern England and ordered the massacre of Danish settlers including Svein’s relatives. Svein became the King of Denmark in 985 and in 1000 conquered Norway.  He demanded and received payment to keep from invading Ethelred’s England. Ethelred had to establish the first tax in England to pay the bribe. Finally Svein had just had enough and he drove Ethelred out to Normandy and Svein now became the King of England as well. The Saxons fought back and did recapture some land. When Svein dies Ethelred makes peace with Svein’s son, Canute who fled to Denmark in fear of retribution to become King of Denmark. Ethelred died in 1016 and Canute fights with William Ironside, who lost, and Canute The Great wins the crown of England.  Canute’s empire came apart shortly after his death.  England gains independence in 1042 and Norway in 1047. [Durant 4/483-485]
Christianity probably first came into the Jutland with the captured English monks who had been taken as slaves.  It was a gradual assimilation and conversion. Charlemagne battled Godfred to the Eider river in Jutland but was not able to conquer them. His purpose was to convert the heathen north but also to punish them for their invasions of Franks.  The several battles and the death of Charlemagne in 814 created a stalemate between the north and the Franks.   Christianity made more conversions by diplomacy and concessions than by battles.[Jones]

According the story of Beowulf, The Skjoldungs (the Men of the Shield) were the legendary kings of Denmark and decended from Skjold, the son of Odinn, who according to Ynglinga Saga was the grandson son of Dan. [Jones 45] Odin is, of course, one of the great gods of Scandinavia.  Little accuracy can be authenticated from these legends.  Rather they show that the tribes existing in the north were constantly battling with one another.  

The Catholic church officially came to the area of in the 10th century. Up to this point the people here were probably Norse pagans and held animistic beliefs based on the forces of nature. Harld Bluetooth came to power and under military and church pressure from Germany he imposed the church on his Danish realm with some resentment of his citizens.

In 1230s, the Southern Jutland became known as the Duchy of Slesvig. The division began with a feud among the rulers of Denmark, Canute’s great-grandson, Abel Vlademarsen. Although it remained a Danish fief by marriage alliances it became closer connected to to the German Duchy of Holstein.  Latin was introduced into the churches but by the mid to late 1600’s the Reformation brought reform to the church and Danish churches. Northern Jutland churches started using Danish for services while the Schleswig churches adopted German.  This created a cultural division between the two areas which remains today.
Map of Denmark in 1500’s
The names of the towns have changed a good deal. The towns seem identified to each have a church. The name of one of the towns in the northern most province of Thy is listed as Harthals which I believe is the present town of Hartshal. Holm is probably present Hanstholm. These towns that may have been major trade centers in the 1500’s have become less important due to changes in the geography such as silting of the harbors. Swertsborg is what I believe is present day Vestervig in the area known as the Crimea of Cimbria.  Nicopen is the present Nykobing.  The Cimbria were a tribe that fought successfully against the Romans in the 1c. The lack of accuracy of the map is typical of the time period.
During the Reformation of the 1600s the Convent of the Vestervig Kirke was torn down and the interior was white washed to cover all the images of saints that had been previously painted on the interior walls. Even the bricks and timbers from the church were quarried to build Aalborghus. The simplicity and self-reliant nature of the protestant faith undoubtedly appealed to these farmers sense of nature and propriety. [Vestervig Church]

During World War II the Nazis occupied Denmark from April 9, 1940.  There is a story that King Christian X chose to wear a yellow star in support of the Danish Jews.  Unfortunately the story is false.  The Jews in Denmark were never required to wear the identifying yellow star but there is ample evidence that the King and most Danes were very supportive of the Jews.  The Jews in Denmark were not persecuted until the Autumn of 1943.  After being alerted to the imposition of “The Final Solution”. A letter from Danish church leaders was read in every pulpit in the nation stating, ” Where ever Jews are persecuted because of their religion or race it is the duty of the Christian Church to protest against such persecution, because it is in conflict with the sense of justice inherent in the Danish people and inseparable from our Danish Christian culture through centuries”. Danish authorities and resistance leaders warned the Jewish people and organized the smuggling of more than 7000 Jews and 700 non-Jewish relatives into Sweden.   Although 500 Jews were deported from Denmark to Czechoslovakia, they were allowed to receive letters, packages and most survived the Holocaust.  When the Jews returned to their homes in Denmark they discovered that their homes, pets, gardens and personal belongings were cared for by their neighbors. This was certainly not the case in most of Europe. Even though King Christian didn’t wear a star his support and the goodwill of many Danes obviously saved many lives. 

http://www.next1000.com/family/EC/danish.hist.html

http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsEurope/ScandinaviaDenmark.htm

German tribes were heavily influenced by the neighbouring Celts (Gauls), some of whom live on the Cimbric Peninsula (Jutland), and possibly in Sweden. A number of German gods and goddesses were borrowed from or shared with the Celts; for example Taran/Thor. Edward Dawson theorises that the Dene are likely named after a leader (a woman?), who in turn bore the name of the Goddess Danu or Dana. Either that or they were followers of Dana as a tribe and named such. Such a distinction between gods and earthly leaders is probably irrelevant due to ancient European deification customs wherein a strong leader was often elevated to deity status after death. Additionally, a name for the Danes was ‘Ingwine’. ‘Wine’ means friend, so the Danes were friends of Ingvi, part of the Germanic Ingaevones.
(Additional information by Edward Dawson, and from External Link: The Gutenburg Text of Beowulf, translation by Lesslie Hall, 1892.)

Skiold
First of the Scyldings, important both to Denmark and Angeln.

Skiold, or Scyld, first of the Scyldings, is the founding father of the Danes in southern Sweden, but is also a highly important figure in the list of kings of Angeln. Could there be an ancient connection between the Danes and the Angles which is remembered in this individual? He is sometimes called the king of Reidgotaland, whose location is disputed by scholars.

Fróði I / Frodhi I

Fridlief II

Havar

Fróði II / Frodhi II

Vermund the Sage

Vermund is probably the Vermundus of Saxo Grammaticus in his Danish History. He is said to be a Danish king, but he is a repetition from the list of kings of Angeln – Wærmund. His father and famous son, Wihtlæg and Offa respectively, are also copied, as Vigletus and Uffo. Typically, the famous rulers of a district which later comes to be ruled by Danes are called Danes themselves.

Olaf the Mild

Dan mikilláti / Dan the Magnificent
Son of Danp , who was the brother-in-law of Domar.

Dan is the legendary founder of the (ancient) Danish kingdom. He is mentioned in several medieval Scandinavian texts, which establish that he is either the son of Danp or one of the sons of King Ypper of Uppsala (the other two being Nori, who later rules Norway, and Østen, who later rules the Swedes (possibly the Östen of the late sixth century)). Whatever Dan’s reality in history, his coming suggests that a new dynasty is founded, or at least that a sideshoot of the same dynasty of ancient rulers of the Dene takes over.

Fróði mikilláti / Frodhi III
Son.

Halfdan I

Fridlief III

Fróði IV
Last of the ancient Scyldings?

Ingild / Ingeld / Ingjald
Of the Heaðobards. Survived the defeat against the Scyldings?

Fróði V / Froda
Of the Heaðobards. Killed.

Ingild and Fróði of the Heaðobards (Heathobards or Heathobeards) fight a war of dynastic rivalry (or inter-tribal conflict, if the Heathobards are accepted as the Langobards of western Poland) against the Scyldings. It is a war that apparently represents a shift in power from the traditional rulers of the Danes, signalling the end of the ancient ruling dynasty and allowing the beginning of a new one which is later genealogically attached to the Scyldings (alternatively, the ancient house, whose name is lost, is attached to the new rulers to give them an air of legitimacy).
The new order is represented by the Scyldings and the Healfdena, who win the war and who possibly lead the migration of Danes from Sweden into the Cimbric Peninsula. This puts pressure on the Jutes in the north of the peninsula, probably resulting in feuds and local power struggles (which impacts upon the Angles and minor groups such as the Germanic Rondings). The fifth century migration period is one in which no one Dane rules over all the Danish peoples, representing an interregnum of sorts. At least one probable sub-grouping can be identified under Hnæf Healfdene, and there probably exist other factions which have been lost to history.
fl c.390s?
Scyld Scaefson / Shield Scaefson
Son of Scaef. ‘The Great Ring Giver’. King of the Dene?

Scyld Scaefson is later added to the genealogies of the descendant kings of Angeln, probably due to his importance as an early Dane in the Cimbric Peninsula. He is known as the ‘Great Ring Giver’ signifying a powerful lord who is able to well reward his followers. The question is whether he is a king or perhaps a leader of his peoples as they migrate into the peninsula – or perhaps both. Could Scyld be the father of kings who himself does not rule but helps in establishing his people in their new territory?
fl c.420?
Beowulf
Son of Scyld, father of Healfdene, grandfather of Hrothgar.
fl c.420
Hoc Healfdene?
Born to mixed parentage (‘half-Dane’). King of the Dene?

While not a Scylding himself, Hoc seems to be allied to them by blood or marriage, perhaps explaining the Danish half of his parentage (or the parentage of an earlier generation of his family, although it cannot even be confirmed that Hoc is a name and not an eponym (as per Widsith)). The Danish side of his parentage is covered by the epic poem, Beowulf, which describes him as the son of Beowulf (the elder), while the other side is most likely to be Jutish or Anglian, given that the Danes are intruding into the territory of these peoples. The other likely explanation for ‘Healfdene’ is that he commands a mixed following of Danes and Jutes. The name of Scylding is later attached to the man who is probably his son, Hnæf.

Sceaf; who, as some affirm, was driven on a certain island in Germany, called Scandza, (of which Jornandes, the historian of the Goths, speaks), a little boy in a skiff, without any attendant, asleep, with a handful of corn at his head, whence he was called Sceaf; and, on account of his singular appearance, being well received by the men of that country, and carefully educated, in his riper age he reigned in a town which was called Slaswic, but at present Haithebi; which country, called old Anglia, whence the Angles came into Britain, is situated between the Saxons and the Goths.
However the genealogy in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle year 855, versions B and C, explains instead that Scef was born in Noah’s ark, interpreting Sceaf as a non-Biblical son of Noah, and then continuing with the ancestry of Noah up to Adam as found in Genesis.
Sceaf is unknown outside of English sources except for one mention in Snorri Sturluson’s Prologue to the Prose Edda, which is informed by English sources.

In Beowulf[edit]
Older than these is the Old English poem Beowulf which applies the story of the boy in the boat instead to the Danish who is the eponym of the legendary Danish royal lineage known as the Scyldings or Skjöldings. In the opening lines of Beowulf, Scyld is called Scyld Scefing, which might mean Scyld descendant of Scef, Scyld son of Scef, or Scyld of the Sheaf. The Beowulf poet does not explain. But after relating in general terms the glories of Scyld’s reign, the poet describes Scyld’s funeral, how his body was laid in a ship surrounded by treasures, the poet explains:
They decked his body no less bountifully
with offerings than those first ones did
who cast him away when he was a child
and launched him alone out over the waves.
No other source relates anything similar about Scyld/Skjöld, so it cannot be known whether this is a case of similar stories being told about two different heroes or whether originally separate figures have been confused with one another.

http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/492164

King Sheave is a character in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “Lost Road.” He is mentioned in a scene where Ælfwine, a mariner, tells the story of King Sheave, who was found as a boy in an empty ship coming from the west. He became a king in the North and ruled for many years before sailing away at the end of his life.[1

To the shore the ship came and strode upon the sand, grinding upon the broken shingle. In the twilight as the sun sank men came down to it, and looked within.

A boy lay there, asleep. He was fair of face and limb, dark-haired, white-skinned, but clad in gold. The inner parts of the boat were gold-adorned, a vessel of gold filled with clear water was at his side, [added: at his right was a harp,] beneath his head was a sheaf of corn, the stalks and ears of which gleamed like gold in the dusk. Men knew not what it was.

In wonder they drew the boat high upon the beach, and lifted the boy and bore him up, and laid him sleeping in a wooden house in their burh. They set guards about the door.

*

In the morning the chamber was empty. But upon a high rock men saw the boy standing. The sheaf was in his arms.

As the risen sun shone down, he began to sing in a strange tongue, and they were filled with awe. For they had not yet heard singing, nor seen such beauty. And they had no king among them, for their kings had perished, and they were lordless and unguided.

Therefore they took the boy to be king, and they called him Sheaf; and so is his name remembered in song. For his true name was hidden and is forgotten. Yet he taught men many new words, and their speech was enriched.

Song and verse-craft he taught them, and rune-craft, and tillage and husbandry, and the making of many things; and in his time the dark forests receded and there was plenty, and corn grew in the land; and the carven houses of men were filled with gold and storied webs.

The glory of King Sheaf sprang far and wide in the isles of the North. His children were many and fair, and it is sung that of them are come the kings of men of the North Danes and the West Danes, the South Angles and the East Gothfolk. And in the time of the Sheaf-lords there was peace in the isles, and ships went unarmed from land to land bearing treasure and rich merchandise. And a man might cast a golden ring upon the highway and it would remain until he took it up again.

http://notionclubpapers.blogspot.com/2014/02/what-is-meaning-of-tolkiens-king-sheave.html

Sceaf Ambrosius

Posted on January 28, 2013 by Royal Rosamond Press

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When all is said is done, I am probably over-qualified to be a father and a grandfather. Funny, critics of The Da Vinci Code say the same thing about Jesus. Small world.

Before my daughter came into my life I started collecting children’s books. I owned a old copy of Alice in Wonderland. I had become a master genealogists, and it grieved me to know I was too old to sire a child who would carry on my lineage that I had come to believe was made up of three roses, the name Braskewitz-Prescowitz meaning Abrosius, or, Ambrose.

I used the image of the cherub in the cote of arms for Ambrose to make the Presco cote of arms. I also employed the Midleton-Brodrick cote of arms, because Broderick is a family name.

In 1999, I put God-el within on his Manorah Tree. Note the crescent moon ad star that Ofelia had on her back. Note the variation, McCambridge, and the Duke and Dutchess of Cambridge who are expecting a child. What will be his nickname – if it be a boy?

When Heather sent me this Christmas card of Tyler Hunt – I was amazed! Behold the two images of Sceaf!

Merlin Ambrosius comes for King Arthur when he is an infant. I own HIS STORY. One day my grandson, whom I nicknamed, Sceaf, will come for me. All will be right in the world.

Above you see images of me offering my daughter a cabin in the sky. There I am, Uncle Sama Claus amongst the amazed children, amazed that Sama came and visited the poor children in Poor Town. The parents of these children are in chaos. But, there is hope on their faces that life has good things in store for them. Anyone who would intercept the hope of a child – is evil!

Heather did not receive this gift, because Vicki, Shamus, Linda, and Patrice sent Heather off to Bullhead City to be showered with gold coins dropped from Money Heaven by the Money Angels, and, my packet was returned to me, I having no way to contact my daughter. I was excommunicated as was the wish of my dark brother. But, God will find a way. They will get what is coming to them, for, every great story is worthy of great villians.

Will Tyler Hunt be my champion?

Above is Heather dressed as Merlin. God loves a story – HIS STORY!

Papa

Geoffrey’s composite Merlin is based primarily on Myrddin Wyllt, also called Merlinus Caledonensis, and Aurelius Ambrosius, a mostly fictionalised version of the historical war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus.[8] The former had nothing to do with Arthur: in British poetry he was a bard driven mad after witnessing the horrors of war, who fled civilization to become a wild man of the wood in the 6th century.[9] Geoffrey had this individual in mind when he wrote his earliest surviving work, the Prophetiae Merlini (Prophecies of Merlin), which he claimed were the actual words of the legendary madman.

Geoffrey’s Prophetiae do not reveal much about Merlin’s background. When he included the prophet in his next work, Historia Regum Britanniae, he supplemented the characterisation by attributing to him stories about Aurelius Ambrosius, taken from Nennius’ Historia Brittonum. According to Nennius, Ambrosius was discovered when the British king Vortigern was trying to erect a tower. The tower always collapsed before completion, and his wise men told him the only solution was to sprinkle the foundation with the blood of a child born without a father. Ambrosius was rumoured to be such a child, but when brought before the king, he revealed the real reason for the tower’s collapse: below the foundation was a lake containing two dragons who destroyed the tower by fighting. Geoffrey retells this story in Historia Regum Britanniæ with some embellishments, and gives the fatherless child the name of the prophetic bard, Merlin. He keeps this new figure separate from Aurelius Ambrosius, and to disguise his changing of Nennius, he simply states that Ambrosius was another name for Merlin. He goes on to add new episodes that tie Merlin into the story of King Arthur and his predecessors.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hwbradley/aqwg914.htm

Soon after Tyler Hunt was born I nicknamed him Sceaf because it was very upsetting to me and Heather than Ryan Hunt apparently abandoned his son. Thank God that turned out not to be the case.
I tried to be a father figure to this beautiful boy so he would not grow up without a father. I now feel the same way about my niece, Drew Benton, who wants to learn about her ancestors. What I have to offer is a wealth of knowlege and information for the Children of the Rose Tree to draw upon for rendering Art, and authoring Books.
I have never forced religion on anyone. If you do not want to hear stories with God in them, then you might be interested in Fairytales.
Remember, every young generation believes they invented Drunken Fornication!
Ryan got his act together and has another beautiful son, Brody.
The Yankee Magician
Sceaf in the boat, illustration from Fredrik Sander’s 1893 edition of the Poetic Edda
Sceafa (Old English: scēafa), also spelled Sceaf (scēaf) or Scef (scēf), was an ancient Lombardic king in English legend. According to his story, Sceafa appeared mysteriously as a child, coming out of the sea in an empty boat. The name also appears in the corrupt forms Seskef, Stefius, Strephius, and Stresaeus. Though the name has historically been modernized Shava (and Latinized Scefius), J. R. R. Tolkien used the modern spelling Sheave.
Sulamith Wulfing is becoming “high up there” on my list of favorite illustrators of all time. As soon as I think I have a good idea of the range of her work, I view something new, like Der Fundevogel (The Foundling Bird), based on a tale from the Brothers Grimm, with attention to detail, composition and characterization rivalling Arthur Rackham.
We Now Come to the History of Jon:
Jon, John, Jhon, Jan, are all the same name, though the
pronunciation varies, as the seamen like to shorten everything to be
able to make it easier to call. Jon – that is, “Given” – was a sea-
king, born at Alberga, who sailed from the Flymeer with a fleet of
127 ships fitted out for a long voyage, and laden with amber, tin,
copper, cloth, linen, felt, otter-skins, beaver and rabbit skins.
It is interesting to find out why Tolkien had paid so much special
attention to the tales and legends about the people of the
Longobards, why he would make its main characters the prototypes of
characters in his own myths and tales… Why the Longobards out of
all other existing peoples?!
When Tolkien wrote in his letter (#257) … Audoin and Alboin of
Lombardic legend,… he was certainly aware that Paul the Deacon, the
main source of most what was known thitherto about the history of
the Lombards was no reliable historian whose accounts – especially
of the earlier “history” of the Lombards – could be taken
for “historical facts”. Paul’s accounts, probably, had a
similar “reliability” as, for example, Geoffrey of Monmouth’s
accounts in his “Historia regum Britanniae”, written in the 12th
century. I think this was the reason for Tolkien’s
wording ‘Lombardic legend’ rather than ‘Lombardic history’.
First archeological evidence of the Lombards is from the 1st century
BCE, in the region of the lower Elbe and whether or not the Lombards
had their origin in Scandinavia is still subject of dispute among
serious historians. It should be noted that the Lombards in their
early times were passing down their “history” orally, hence only
sparse written documentation exists from before their arrival in
Italy. Thus it can be suspected, that Paul was relying on Jordanes’
writings – or maybe also on the Origo gentis Langobardorum from the
middle of the 7th century – when he ascribed a Scandinavian origin
to the Lombards in his Historia Langobardorum, written late in the
8th century. Generally, it seems, it was “fashionable” among early
medieval “historians” to ascribe their ancestors a Biblical, Trojan
or Scandinavian origin.

Even the episode of Alboin and Rosamunde, which Tolkien only alludes
to, and of which Christopher provides us with Paul the Deacon’s
account, can – IMO not be considered a hard
historical “fact”. “Fact” is, that Paul wrote some 200 years later
about events that were subject of much folk-tale and folk-song, and
drinking from a skull – jewelled or no – was not altogether rare,
since the Huns had “introduced” this habit a few centuries earlier.
People back then – as the hypothesis is amongst scholars – thought
they would “inherit” the strength of the slain, if they drank from
their skulls. But whether or not this “habit” was widespread among
Germanic tribes is debated.

In the letter n°257, Tolkien wrote:
… I began a fallen through book, a voyage in the time which was
supposed to be completed with the immersion of Atlantis, to which
was to assist my hero. Atlantis was to be called Númenor, the
Country of the West. The directing wire was to be the reappearance
of time to other in the families of human (like Durin among Dwarves)
of a father and a son carrying of the names which one can interpret
like Ami of the happiness and Ami of the Elves. One understands at
the end that those, to the obscure direction from now on, refer to
the context of Atlantis-Númenor and mean “that which is honest
towards Valar, is satisfied happiness and prosperity within the
authorized limits”, and “that which is honest in its friendship
towards the Top-Elves”.

His grandson Sir Julian St. John Lloyd (by his daughter Lady Moyra Brodrick) became land agent to Queen Elizabeth II at Sandringham. Julian’s daughter Alexandra (Mrs. Duncan Byatt) was a Lady-in-Waiting to Diana, Princess of Wales.[12]

He came of a Surrey family who in the 17th century, in the persons of Sir St John Brodrick and Sir Thomas Brodrick, obtained grants of land in the south of Ireland. Sir St John Brodrick settled at Midleton, between Cork and Youghal in 1641; and his son Alan Brodrick (1660–1728), Speaker of the Irish House of Commons and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was created Baron Brodrick in 1715 and Viscount Midleton in 1717 in the Irish peerage.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_John_Brodrick,_1st_Earl_of_Midleton

Sceafa (Old English: scēafa), also spelled Sceaf (scēaf) or Scef (scēf), was an ancient Lombardic king in English legend. According to his story, Sceafa appeared mysteriously as a child, coming out of the sea in an empty boat. The name also appears in the corrupt forms Seskef, Stefius, Strephius, and Stresaeus. Though the name has historically been modernized Shava (and Latinized Scefius), J. R. R. Tolkien used the modern spelling Sheave.

The Old English poem Widsith, line 32, in a listing of famous kings and their countries, has Sceafa Longbeardum, so naming Sceafa as ruler of the Lombards. In Origo Gentis Langobardorum the Lombards’ origins are traced to an “island” in the north named Scadan or Scandan (“Scandinavia”). But neither this account or any other mentions Sceafa among their later kings or gives the names of any kings that ruled them in the land of their origin where they were said to have been known as the Winnili.
[edit] In genealogies
Other than this, Sceaf is mentioned only in chronicles tracing the lineage of the English kings, although variants are found in similar genealogies for the rulers of the Danes, Norwegians and Icelanders in the sagas. Most such genealogies stop at the god Woden, but some trace the supposed ancestors of Woden up to a certain Geat. The account in the Historia Britonum calls Geat a son of a god. Asser in his Life of Alfred writes instead that the pagans worshipped Geat himself for a long time as a god.
Moderns speculate on whether this Geat is any eponym of the people known as Geats, or whether it may be the name of a god, or whether it is both. The apparent Old Norse cognate form Gautr is a very common byname for Odin. The Icelandic Herrauðssaga speaks of King Hring who ruled East Götaland and was son of Gauti son of Odin. Jordanes in his The origin and deeds of the Goths traces the line of the Amelungs up to Hulmul son of Gapt, purportedly the first Gothic hero of record. This Gapt is felt by many commentators to be an error for Gaut.
A few of these genealogies provide mortal ancestors to Geat, tracing his ancestry to Sceaf and then tell of Sceaf’s origin. Æthelweard in his Chronica writes of Sceaf:
This Scef came in a light boat to an island of the ocean which is called Scani, arms around about him, and he was a very young boy, unknown to the dwellers in the land. But he was accepted by them and cared for like one of their own kind, and afterwards they chose him as king, from whose family descended King Æthelwulf.
William of Malmesbury in his Gesta regum anglorum wrote:
.. Sceaf; who, as some affirm, was driven on a certain island in Germany, called Scandza, (of which Jornandes, the historian of the Goths, speaks), a little boy in a skiff, without any attendant, asleep, with a handful of corn at his head, whence he was called Sceaf; and, on account of his singular appearance, being well received by the men of that country, and carefully educated, in his riper age he reigned in a town which was called Slaswic, but at present Haithebi; which country, called old Anglia, whence the Angles came into Britain, is situated between the Saxons and the Goths.
However the genealogy in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle year 855, versions B and C, explains instead that Scef was born in Noah’s ark, interpreting Sceaf as a non-Biblical son of Noah, and then continuing with the ancestry of Noah up to Adam as found in Genesis.
Sceaf is unknown outside of English sources except for one mention in Snorri Sturluson’s Prologue to the Prose Edda, which is informed by English sources.
[edit] Scyld Scefing
[edit] In Beowulf
Older than these is the Old English poem Beowulf which applies the story of the boy in the boat instead to the Danish who is the eponym of the legendary Danish royal lineage known as the Scyldings or Skjöldings. In the opening lines of Beowulf, Scyld is called Scyld Scefing, which might mean Scyld descendant of Scef, Scyld son of Scef, or Scyld of the Sheaf. The Beowulf poet does not explain. But after relating in general terms the glories of Scyld’s reign, the poet describes Scyld’s funeral, how his body was laid in a ship surrounded by treasures, the poet explains:
They decked his body no less bountifully
with offerings than those first ones did
who cast him away when he was a child
and launched him alone out over the waves.
No other source relates anything similar about Scyld/Skjöld, so it cannot be known whether this is a case of similar stories being told about two different heroes or whether originally separate figures have been confused with one another.
[edit] A rite involving scyld and sceaf
A connection between sheaf and shield appears in the 13th century Chronicon de Abingdon which relates a dispute over ownership of a river meadow named Beri between the Abbot of Abingdon and the men of Oxfordshire. The dispute was decided by a ritual in which the monks placed a sheaf (sceaf) of wheat on a round shield (scyld) and a wax candle upon the sheaf which they lit. They then floated the shield with sheaf and candle on the Thames river to see where it would go. The shield purportedly kept to the middle of the Thames until it arrived at the disputed field, which was then an island because of flooding, whereupon it changed its course and entirely circled the meadow between the Thames and the Iffley.

http://fabpedigree.com/s076/f002615.htm
Rosamund or Rosamunde (fl. 572) was the daughter of Cunimund, king of the Gepids, and wife of Alboin, king of the Lombards.

Rosamund was born into a kingdom in crisis, as the Gepid people had been fighting a losing battle against the Lombards since 546, firstly within the context of a Lombardic-Byzantine alliance, and later against the Lombards and the Turkic Avar nomads. These wars had seized the lives of not only her grandfather king Thurisind, but also her uncle, Thurismund, both of which served to establish a long standing hatred of the Lombards in her father, Cunimund, which he passed down to her.

This hatred was what spawned the final war of the Gepids, as Cunimund attempted to win back lost lands against the Lombards. The war, however, quickly turned, and in 567, the Gepid Kingdom would be completely subdued by a mixture of Lombard and Avar forces, her father was decapitated and she, along with many other Gepids, was taken as a prisoner of the Lombards. However, in an attempt to secure a male heir and following the death of his first wife Clotsuinda of Frankia, Alboin took her as his wife. Alboin was noted for his cruelty towards her; his most famous act of cruelty was reported by Paulus Diaconus, who states that at a royal banquet in Verona, Alboin forced her to drink from the skull of her dead father (which he carried around his belt), inviting her “to drink merrily with her father”.[1]

The Changlings of Moy Mell

Posted on October 24, 2012 by Royal Rosamond Press

My late sister, Christine Rosamond Benton, was born in Vallejo Caiifornia on October 24, 1947, she would be sixty five years of age,today, if she had not been swept into the sea on March 26, 1994.

If Christine were alive when my sixteen year old daughher came into my life in 2001, she would have been shocked and angry to learn how her niece was hidden from her and her family – and put in the arms of bruatal San Quninton convict and Con Man who was convicted twice of impersonating Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead, a truly magical human being, whose band made magical music for the Fairy Folk of the Height Ashbury. Randall Delpiano threatened to kill me with a basball bat and is found in Dead lore. Randy terrorized Patrice’s two sons by other men. No doubt these boys felt like Changlings, also.

If the famous artist, Rosamond, were alive today, she would be outraged to learn her niece, Heather Hanson, bonded with a violent and agressive drunk – born on her drunken father’s birthday – and put my grandson in Bill Cornwell’s arms so he could raise Tyler up to be of his ilk, a warlike destructive troll as described by Tolkien.

Christine’s funeral fell on her first sober birthday, and thus she is an Aries in Sobriety. My sober birthday is April 7th. I have twenty five years of sobriety. Christine would have had eighteen. Both Christine and I believed we were, and are, Changlings, for how could two beautiful and creative children, be born to the destructive drunken monsters who claimed they were our parents? As fate would have it, Heather was born on our mother’s birthday. This is not an accident. There is a long attack being launched by the Dark One in order that he capture the Gifts of God, and His Nazarite Prophets that have been seperated and concecrated to Him – who are set appart from His other children in the wilderness – so that they may be tempted by God’s Adversary, the Fallen Angel who wants his own children……………..”Get behind me Satan!”

As fate would have it, my siblings named their children after me, gave them names that are a form of John that means ‘The Gift of God’. I discovered this in 1990, and wrote my sibling a long letter pleading with them to get their children back. I did not know at the time, I had a child. Getting Heather back was suposed to be the beautiful end to OUR beautiful and crestive story, but, here he come, the Troll of Trolls who can not concieve a child, like Delpiano could not concieve a child.

To see Patrice Hanson claim all the creative magic for herself, and covertly move her daughter close to my dead sister in order to claim the Rose ofthe World and put her in her dark family pile, was pure evil, only surpassed by Heather and Bill Cornwell’s succesful attmept to rip Tyler Hunt from me and his destiny. Tyler, the Creative Changling, will be raised as a wild and distructive Orc, a drunkern troll in love with war and gaslone engines that race agressivly aginst other drunken trolls who worship Moonshiners, lawless distillers of rot-gut booze.

To my beloved grandson, Tyler Hunt, always remember this;

“All’s well, that ends well.”

The Fairy Folk of Moy Mell are coming for you. They will never forget you, or forsake you. You are one with them.
Papa

Meher Baba visited the Dunites who lived in flimsy shelters in the sand dunes at Pismo Beach California. Here lived poets and philosophers of another Back to Basics and the Earth Movement where materialism and the worship of money was frowned upon. Baba declared his mission in America was to destroy our love of materialism. This morning I found an article that concludes what I concluded four years ago, that Prosperity theology led Christians to buy homes they could not afford, thus causing the Mortgage Meltdown.
Five years ago I concluded Jesus was born in a Sukkot booth, and not a manger. These booths were temporary shelters wherein the Exodus from slavery is celebrated. This is a return to the wilderness and humble roots. Jesus goes into the wilderness and is tempted, he offered kingdoms and gold. He turns his Advisary down, and begins his ministry, which is to restore the Jubilee.
When Cyrus, the king of Persia, allowed the Jews to return to the Promised Land, he encouraged them to set up Sukkot Booths and revive lost rituals that were once centered around the temple. The Jews title Cyrus ‘Messiah’ for instigating the second Exodus, and for allowing the building of a new Temple. However, I believe a sect of Jews continued to worship God from the ritual of the Sukkot Booth, and Jesus did build one in the wilderness.
Before Jesus was born, the Persian Magi foretold via the stars, that he was coming ‘The Son of David’ who would have the wisdom of Solomon, who may have been King Cyrus. Jesus was ‘The Good Shepherd’ who appear in Ecclesiastes, along with the Son of David – Son of God!
When Jesus enters Jerusalem on a donkey, the people recognize him as ‘The Son of David’ who was an unidentied king – who did not teach a tale of an afterlife, but taught;
“All is vanity!”
Meher Baba descends from the Persian Magi. He made it his mission to contact the Mast, the homeless mystics, whom he personally bathed. Consider Newt Gingrich appealing to the Lucky & Wealthy Evangelical heresy.
“Every dog has his day.”
Evangelical Vanity has brought our nation to the brink of ruin. It has corrupted our political system, and declared war on the poor.
On this day I found the AMERICAN TENTMAKERS OF AMERICA. This is both a Secular and Religious organization based upon the Jublilee and the lost cosmology of the Nazarites that made a home within for the Holy Spirit. the ATA will model itself after the Chautauqua Tents that my grandfather mention in his story ‘Camping On Anacapa’. Royal Rosamond took Lillian to visit the Dunites of Oxnard.
“It was a glorious summer morning at the Chautauqua at Ventura-by-the-sea.”
I offer a religious umbrella to the Occupy Tents. I founded a Nazarite Church in 1997. I am the Minister of that church.
I see large ATA Tents in all major cities wherein the homeless work making white hand-stitched canvas tents for sale. There will be traveling ATA Tents wherein folks perform music, read poetry, and hold seminars on how to live a humble non-materialistic Arcadian Life, as promoted by Royal’s freinds, Homer Croy and Otto Rayburn.
Royal met with Croy about publishing his novel ‘Bound In This Clay’. Croy wrote ‘They Had To See Paris’ starring the humorist Will Rogers who championed the Poor, and demonized the Bankers during the Great Depression.
Let us raise our Tents in the Wilderness – and take back America from the false prophets. Let there be a New Dawn, and a revived pertinence in America!
Jon Presco
Whence comest thou, maiden?” said Connla.
“I come from the Plains of the Ever Living,” she said, “there where there is neither death nor sin. There we keep holiday alway, nor need we help from any in our joy. And in all our pleasure we have no strife. And because we have our homes in the round green hills, men call us the Hill Folk.”
On the journey he was interviewed on behalf of the Associated Press, which quoted him describing his trip as a “new crusade . . . to break down all religious barriers and destroy America’s materialism and amalgamate all creeds into a common element of love”.[46] His intention, according to the resulting article, was to convert thousands of Americans from sin. Describing Baba as “The Messiah,” the article also claims he listed miracles he had performed, and said that a person who becomes one with the truth can accomplish anything, but that it is a weakness to perform miracles only to show spiritual power. However, another description of the interview states that when Baba was asked about the miracles attributed to him, he replied “The only miracle for the Perfect Man to perform is to make others perfect too. I want to make the Americans realize the infinite state which I myself enjoy.”[47]
Hollywood and the “Dunites,” 1934
Meher Baba returned to Hollywood in 1934, avoiding publicity and instead working with a number of screenwriters and filmmakers on proposed film projects. During the earlier 1932 visit he had met a spiritual seeker named Sam Cohen, a Theosophist and resident of a loosely knit freethinkers’ community named “Moy Mell” nestled among the dunes on the beach at Oceano, California. The benefactor of this group of intellectuals, spiritual seekers, artists and social misfits was Chester Alan Arthur III, grandson of the 21st President, who went by the name of Gavin. For a time Gavin published a magazine called the Dune Forum, which included articles by such notables as Stuart Edward White (author of the spiritualist classic, The Unobstructed Universe), and photographic contributions by Ansel Adams and Edward Weston (whose dune photographs are well-known).
Gavin would frequently entertain the intellectual and artistic elite of America at his cabin in the dunes. Although accounts differ somewhat, it appears that Baba sent disciple Meredith Starr and his wife to Moy Mell in 1932, and that they stayed on for a period of time (this was approximately a year and a half before Meredith’s defection). When Baba returned to Hollywood in 1934, he agreed to visit the “Dunite” community. On the evening of Christmas day (accounts different as to the exact days), Baba arrived with eighteen of his followers, including Norina Matchabelli, wife of Georges Matchabelli, known for the popular perfume brand. Norina had previously arranged for a special cabin to be built for Baba, but he chose instead to stay in Gavin’s cabin. Gavin was not in Moy Mell at the time, and it was decided that he wouldn’t mind.
There was also a Theosophical center called the Temple of the People in nearby Halcyon, founded in 1904 with the intent of preparing for the arrival of the next incarnation of the Avatar, but there is no record of Baba visiting it.(21)
L-R: Sam Cohen, Meher Baba, Hugo Sellig, John Doggett
Baba and his group stayed overnight and spent the following day visiting with Sam Cohen and other Dunites, many of whom were eccentric characters and spiritual seekers who gave little importance to social convention. Hugo Seelig was a seeker of truth from an early age, who, after his father’s suicide, roamed the coast of California meeting other seekers and visiting places where they could be found. At Stanford University, he met a resident of Halcyon who told him about Oceano and the little dune colony there. When WWI broke out and America entered the war, Hugo went to live in the dunes and became part of the community, pursuing his writing.
‘Tis a glorious place, forsooth, that Connla holds among shortlived mortals awaiting the day of death. But now the folk of life, the ever-living ones, beg and bid thee come to Moy Mell, the Plain of Pleasure, for they have learnt to know thee, seeing thee in thy home among thy dear ones.Trolls with the changeling they have raised, John Bauer, 1913.A changeling is a creature found in Western European folklore and folk religion. It is typically described as being the offspring of a fairy, troll, elf or other legendary creature that has been secretly left in the place of a human child. Sometimes the term is also used to refer to the child who was taken. The apparent changeling could also be a stock or fetch, an enchanted piece of wood that would soon appear to grow sick and die. The theme of the swapped child is common among medieval literature and reflects concern over infants afflicted by as-then unknown diseases, disorders, or developmental disabilities.

Mithril has produced many of the evil Orcs and Trolls that inhabit Middle-earth.

In J. R. R. Tolkien’s universe of Middle-earth, Orcs (also referred to as Goblins) are human-like but much uglier and crueler, who loved to destroy rather than create anything. They excel in weapons of war.

Originally they were supposed to have been captured Elves that were twisted and tortured by Melkor into their current state. They dwell in caves and in dark places, hating the sunlight. They are bound to service by Sauron, controlled by fear and pain, which is all they understand.

The race of Uruk-hai, described as large black orcs of great strength, are rumored to have been the prodigy of orcs crossbred with humans, to better enable them to withstand the sun. Sauron and Saruman both made use of these warriors to further their aims.

Trolls were giant creatures, maybe 12 feet high, extremely strong but very slow witted. Most trolls also turned to stone in sunlight. They were therefore found in the depths of caves or mines and would hunt at night in the open.

Sauron however had bred Olag-hai trolls, which resisted sunlight and were much more intelligent than normal trolls. It could be that they were huge Orcs instead of Trolls.

Other allies include Wargs, which are large evil and intelligent wolves, that allow orcs to ride them.

A human child might be taken due to many factors: to act as a servant, the love of a human child, or malice.[1] Most often it was thought that fairies exchanged the children. Some Norwegian tales tell that the change was made to prevent inbreeding: to give trolls and humans new blood, humans were given children with enormous strength as a reward. In some rare cases, the very elderly of the Fairy people would be exchanged in the place of a human baby, and then the old fairy could live in comfort, being coddled by its human parents.[2] Simple charms, such as an inverted coat or open iron scissors left where the child sleeps, were thought to ward them off; other measures included a constant watch over the child.[3]

Perhaps the changeling myths of this time period reflect the feudal political structure, where inheritance is the only real way to gain personal or political power. A monarch gave the throne to his first surviving son at his own death. When there was any doubt to the legitimacy of the child, the power of the very state could be called into question and a fight for political power could arise. This inherent fear of war caused by political strife could have been mythologized.

The devil steals a baby and leaves a changeling behind, early 15th century, detail of “The legend of St. Stephen” by Martino di BartolomeoContents [hide]
1 Purpose of a changeling
2 Changelings in medieval folklore
2.1 Cornwall
2.2 Ireland
2.3 Lowland Scotland and Northern England
2.4 Malta
2.5 Scandinavia
2.6 Spain
2.7 Wales
3 “Changelings” in the historical record
4 Changelings in other countries
5 Changelings in the modern world
5.1 Neurological differences
5.2 In Nature
6 Changelings in popular culture
6.1 Literary uses
6.2 Drama
6.3 Comics and games
6.4 Film and TV
7 See also
8 References
9 External links

[edit] Purpose of a changelingSome people believed that trolls would take unbaptized children. Once children had been baptized and therefore become part of the Church, the trolls could not take them. One belief is that trolls thought that being raised by humans was something very classy, and that they therefore wanted to give their own children a human upbringing.

Beauty in human children and young women, particularly blond hair, attracted the fairies.[4]

In Scottish folklore, the children might be replacements for fairy children in the tithe to Hell;[5] this is best known from the ballad of Tam Lin.[6] Also, according to common Scottish myths, a child born with a caul (head helmet) across their face is a changeling, and of fey birth.

Some folklorists believe that fairies were memories of inhabitants of various regions in Europe who had been driven into hiding by invaders. They held that changelings had actually occurred; the hiding people would exchange their own sickly children for the healthy children of the invaders.[7]

In other folklore, the changelings are put in place of the child to feed off of the mother of the child. The kidnapped child then becomes food for the changeling’s mother. This is done for the survival of their kind. Once the changeling mother and the changeling have drained the life from the human mother and child, the changeling and its mother begin to search for a new suitable food source. Other sources[2] say that human milk is necessary for fairy children to survive. In these cases either the newborn human child would be switched with a fairy babe to be suckled by the human mother, or the human mother would be taken back to the fairy world to breastfeed the fairy babies. It is also thought that human midwives were necessary to bring fairy babes into the world.

Some changelings might forget they are not human and proceed to live a human life. Changelings which do not forget, however, may later return to their fairy family, possibly leaving the human family without warning. As for the human child that was taken, he or she may often stay with the fairy family forever.

[edit] Changelings in medieval folklore[edit] CornwallThe Mên-an-Tol stones in Cornwall are supposed to have a fairy or pixie guardian who can make miraculous cures. In one case a changeling baby was put through the stone in order for the mother to get the real child back. Evil pixies had changed her child and the ancient stones were able to reverse their evil spell.[8]

[edit] IrelandIn Ireland, looking at a baby with envy – “over looking the baby” – was dangerous, as it endangered the baby, who was then in the fairies’ power.[9] So too was admiring or envying a woman or man dangerous, unless the person added a blessing; the able-bodied and beautiful were in particular danger. Women were especially in danger in liminal states: being a new bride, or a new mother.[10]

Putting a changeling in a fire would cause it to jump up the chimney and return the human child, but at least one tale recounts a mother with a changeling finding that a fairy woman came to her home with the human child, saying the other fairies had done the exchange, and she wanted her own baby.[9] The tale of surprising a changeling into speech – by brewing eggshells – is also told in Ireland, as in Wales.[11]

Belief in changelings endured in parts of Ireland until as late as 1895, when Bridget Cleary was killed by her husband who believed her to be a changeling.

Changelings, in some instances, were regarded not as substituted fairy children but instead old fairies brought to the human world to die.

[edit] Lowland Scotland and Northern EnglandIn the Anglo-Scottish border region it was believed that elves (or fairies) lived in “Elf Hills” (or “Fairy Hills”). Along with this belief in supernatural beings was the view that they could spirit away children, and even adults, and take them back to their own world (see Elfhame).[12][13] Often, it was thought, a baby would be snatched and replaced with a simulation of the baby, usually a male adult elf, to be suckled by the mother.[12] The real baby would be treated well by the elves and would grow up to be one of them, whereas the changeling baby would be discontented and wearisome.[13] Many herbs, salves and seeds could be used for discovering the fairy-folk and ward off their designs.[13] In one tale a mother suspected that her baby had been taken and replaced with a changeling, a view that was proven to be correct one day when a neighbour ran into the house shouting “Come here and ye’ll se a sight! Yonder’s the Fairy Hill a’ alowe.” To which the elf got up saying “Waes me! What’ll come o’ me wife and bairns?” and made his way out of the chimney.[12] At Byerholm near Newcastleton in Liddesdale sometime during the early 19th century, a dwarf called Robert Elliot or Little Hobbie o’ The Castleton as he was known, was reputed to be a changeling. When taunted by other boys he would not hesitate to draw his gully and dispatch them, however being that he was woefully short in the legs they usually out-ran him and escaped. He was courageous however and when he heard that his neighbour, the six-foot three-inch (191 cm) William Scott of Kirndean, a sturdy and strong borderer, had slandered his name, he invited the man to his house, took him up the stairs and challenged him to a duel. Scott beat a hasty retreat.[13]

Child ballad 40, The Queen of Elfan’s Nourice, depicts the abduction of a new mother, drawing on the folklore of the changelings. Although it is fragmentary, it contains the mother’s grief and the Queen of Elfland’s promise to return her to her own child if she will nurse the queen’s child until it can walk.[14]

[edit] MaltaThe ritual impurity[15] of the parturient mother and her child exposed them, according to traditional Maltese belief, to unusual danger especially during the first few days after birth. A changeling child (called mibdul, “changed”) was taken to St Julian’s Bay,[16] where a statue of the saint stands, and given a sand-bath. A cordial was also administered, in attempts to return the being.[17]

[edit] ScandinaviaSince most beings from Scandinavian folklore are said to be afraid of iron, Scandinavian parents often placed an iron item such as a pair of scissors or a knife on top of an unbaptized infant’s cradle. It was believed that if a human child was taken in spite of such measures, the parents could force the return of the child by treating the changeling cruelly, using methods such as whipping or even inserting it in a heated oven. In at least one case, a woman was taken to court for having killed her child in an oven.[18]

Painting by John Bauer of two trolls with a human child they have raisedIn one Swedish changeling tale,[19] the human mother is advised to brutalize the changeling so that the trolls will return her son, but she refuses, unable to mistreat an innocent child despite knowing its nature. When her husband demands she abandon the changeling, she refuses, and he leaves her – whereupon he meets their son in the forest, wandering free. The son explains that since his mother had never been cruel to the changeling, so the troll mother had never been cruel to him, and when she sacrificed what was dearest to her, her husband, they had realized they had no power over her and released him.

In another Swedish fairy tale[20] (which is depicted by the image), a princess is kidnapped by trolls and replaced with their own offspring against the wishes of the troll mother. The changelings grow up with their new parents, but both find it hard to adapt: the human girl is disgusted by her future bridegroom, a troll prince, whereas the troll girl is bored by her life and by her dull human future groom. Upset with the conditions of their lives, they both go astray in the forest, passing each other without noticing it. The princess comes to the castle whereupon the queen immediately recognizes her, and the troll girl finds a troll woman who is cursing loudly as she works. The troll girl bursts out that the troll woman is much more fun than any other person she has ever seen, and her mother happily sees that her true daughter has returned. Both the human girl and the troll girl marry happily the very same day.

[edit] SpainIn Asturias (North Spain) there is a legend about the Xana, a sort of nymph who used to live near rivers, fountains and lakes, sometimes helping travellers on their journeys. The Xanas were conceived as little female fairies with supernatural beauty. They could deliver babies, “xaninos,” that were sometimes swapped with human babies in order to be baptized. The legend says that in order to distinguish a “xanino” from a human baby, some pots and egg shells should be put close to the fireplace; a xanino would say: “I was born one hundred years ago, and since then I have not seen so many egg shells near the fire!”.

[edit] WalesIn Wales the changeling child (plentyn cael (sing.), plant cael (pl.)) initially resembles the human it substitutes, but gradually grows uglier in appearance and behaviour: ill-featured, malformed, ill-tempered, given to screaming and biting. It may be of less than usual intelligence, but again is identified by its more than childlike wisdom and cunning.

The common means employed to identify a changeling is to cook a family meal in an eggshell. The child will exclaim, “I have seen the acorn before the oak, but I never saw the likes of this,” and vanish, only to be replaced by the original human child. Alternatively, or following this identification, it is supposedly necessary to mistreat the child by placing it in a hot oven, by holding it in a shovel over a hot fire, or by bathing it in a solution of foxglove.[21]

[edit] “Changelings” in the historical recordChildren were thought taken to be changelings by the superstitious, and therefore abused or murdered.

Two 19th century cases reflected the belief in changelings. In 1826, Anne Roche bathed Michael Leahy, a four-year-old boy unable to speak or stand, three times in the Flesk; he drowned the third time. She swore that she was merely attempting to drive the fairy out of him, and the jury acquitted her of murder.[22]

In the 1890s in Ireland, Bridget Cleary was killed by several people, including her husband and cousins, after a short bout of illness (probably pneumonia). Local storyteller Jack Dunne accused Bridget of being a fairy changeling. It is debatable whether her husband, Michael, actually believed her to be a fairy – many believe he concocted a “fairy defence” after he murdered his wife in a fit of rage. The killers were convicted of manslaughter rather than murder, as even after the death they claimed that they were convinced they had killed a changeling, not Bridget Cleary.[23]

[edit] Changelings in other countriesThe ogbanje (pronounced similar to “oh-BWAN-jeh”) is a term meaning “child who comes and goes” among the Igbo people of eastern Nigeria. When a woman would have numerous children either stillborn or die early in infancy, the traditional belief was that it was a malicious spirit that was being reincarnated over and over again to torment the afflicted mother. One of the most commonly-prescribed methods for ridding one’s self of an ogbanje was to find its iyi-uwa, a buried object that ties the evil spirit to the mortal world, and destroy it.

Many scholars now believe that ogbanje stories were attempting to explain children with sickle-cell anemia, which is endemic to West Africa and afflicts around one-quarter of the population. Even today, and especially in areas of Africa lacking medical resources, infant death is common for children born with severe sickle-cell anemia.

The similarity between the European changeling and the Igbo ogbanje is striking enough that Igbos themselves often translate the word into English as “changeling”.

Aswangs, a kind of ghoul from Filipino folklore, are also sometimes said to leave behind duplicates of their victims made of plant matter. Like the stocks of European fairy folklore, the Aswang’s plant duplicates soon appear to sicken and die.

[edit] Changelings in the modern world[edit] Neurological differencesThe reality behind many changeling legends was often the birth of deformed or developmentally disabled children. Among the diseases with symptoms that match the description of changelings in various legends are spina bifida, cystic fibrosis, PKU, progeria, Down syndrome, homocystinuria, Williams syndrome, Hurler syndrome, Hunter syndrome, regressive autism, Prader-Willi Syndrome, and cerebral palsy. The greater proneness of boys to birth defect correlates to the belief that boy babies were more likely to be taken.[24]

As noted, it has been hypothesized that the changeling legend may have developed, or at least been used, to explain the peculiarities of children who did not develop normally, probably including all sorts of developmental delays and abnormalities. In particular, it has been suggested that children with autism would be likely to be labeled as changelings or elf-children due to their strange, sometimes inexplicable behavior. This has found a place in autistic culture. Some autistic adults have come to identify with changelings (or other replacements, such as aliens) for this reason and their own feeling of being in a world where they do not belong and of practically not being the same species as the other people around them.[25]

[edit] In NatureParasitic cuckoo birds regularly practice brood parasitism, or non-reciprocal offspring-swapping. Rather than raising their young on their own, they will lay their egg in another’s nest, leaving the burden on the unsuspecting parents which are of another species altogether. More often than not, the cuckoo chick hatches sooner than its “stepsiblings” and grows faster, eventually hogging most nourishment brought in and may actually “evict” the young of the host species by pushing them off their own nest.

Moy Mell

Posted on August 4, 2018 by Royal Rosamond Press

The Avatar of Moy Mell

Posted on February 23, 2014by Royal Rosamond Press

corey5
corey7
corey8
corey9
moymell

Here is the post that Rena Easton responded to.

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/08/22/royal-rosamond-fanny-y-cory/

I am a very spiritual and religious person. All my letters and writing are protected by a special copyright for ministers. To destroy my letters and words may constitute a hate crime.

Jon the Nazarite

“Rosamond recalls that Jack Cory and his sister Fanny Y. Cory, cartoonist, started him on his writing career.”

In looking for traces of my Muse, Rena Easton, in Montana, I found what can be described as the Rosamond Holy Grail in Helena Montana. My grandfather lived in Helena and says he was inspired to write by Jack Cory, a political cartoonist and equestrian artist, and his sister Fanny Y. Cory, a famous illustrator who lived in a secluded ranch in Montana.

There was an art show of four generations of this family. This is the vision I had for my family when I became a Pre-Raphaelite. Christine Rosamond Benton did several Fairy paintings, as did Drew, who is employed rendering avatars for fantasy games.

Alas we have a true genealogy that traces the Rosamond Family Muse from the Cory family, to my grandfather, to me, to my sister, and to her daughter Drew Benton whose father was the famous muralist, Garth Benton, the cousin of the artist, Thomas Hart Benton. This is the convergence of three creative families – that is unheard of! The Great Muses are at work here. Consider our DNA!

If I had not been following my Muse wherever she leads me, then I would not have made this profound discovery that cast out the outsider from Rosamond Creative Legacy, those parasites who dare title themselves “caretakers” of Rosamond’s art and life story. If my grandfather came back from the dead, he would take a bullwhip to these usurpers – of his history! Fanny was a very famous woman artist – before Christine was born!

Thank you my dear grandfather, whom I never met, for laying down the true stepping stones of our family history.

Royal wrote a short story about a bullfight in Montana where his sister lived. It appears their father adopted these sibling out to W.S. Spaulding after his wife died.

The top two images were done by Drew Benton. The boy with dragon was done by Drew’s mother, Christine Rosamond Benton. The connections I just made – with no ones help – increase the value of all my families creative efforts. This is what real Art Books look like!

I’ve considered doing illustrations for most of my books. C’mon Rena. Show yourself. Do it for Montana! You were Rosamond’s Muse. This is your State History. You got some major bragging rights! Put this in your resame. At least send me copies of photos of you that I can work from to illustrate
‘Capturing Beauty’. I want your side of the story! I will got to the Governor and have you declared Montana’s State Treasure who brought the history of Royal Rosamond and Fanny Cory, together!

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/03/16/meeting-drew-at-moy-mell/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/05/23/rendering-rena-as-the-high-priestess/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/02/25/happy-birthday-meher-baba/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/07/03/beautiful-cultural-warfare/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2011/12/11/the-arcadian-tentmakers-of-america/

Jon Presco

Copyright 2013

I also found an article about a Royal Rosamund, who was said to be the son of W.S. Spaulding – I do not know if that was the same person as the Frank Rosamund who is the coach driver with the family in 1900, but the ages match.

INDEPENDENT RECORD NOVEMBER 26, 1950

Royal Rosamond, Helena native, is Planning Book About
Home City, Chamber Is Told
Royal Rosamond, widely known
author and Helena native, is planning
a book about the city according
to a letter received by the
Helena Chamber of Commerce
from the resident of Oklahoma
City.
Rosamond said the book will
be based on recollections of his
childhood in the city. He asked
the chamber for assistance with
additional material about the city
and the surrounding area.
Rosamond said his parents followed
my grandfather, John L.
Reese, to Helena from Missouri
In the spring of 1884.” The family
lived in the Sixth ward for three
years before moving to the Sanford
and Evans building.
His father, W. S. Spaulding,
and Gary Cooper’s father were
Business partners with a shop on
the lot where the post office now
stands. When he was six years old,
Rosamond said, he was a playmate
of Tommy Cruse’s little boy,
about the time the elder Cruse
was financed with a grub stake by
a local grocer and struck it rich
at Marysville. .
Rosamond asked the name of
the grocer and wanted to know
the Cruse boy’s name. The letter
said Rosamond attended Hawthorne
school when he was six,
seven and eight years old. “There
was not a bob sled in town that
I had not ridden. . . . I was on
speaking terms .with every horse in
every barn in town. . . . I doted
on pigtailed Chinamen but failed
to win their friendship except for
one, a merchant up the gulch,” he
said.
A frame residence built hy Rosamond’s
father at the head of Walnut
still stands. .The author
visited the city In 1945.
His mother died when he was
nine years old and he moved to
Missouri until he was 18 when he
returned to Helena. Rosamond recalls
that Jack Cory and his sister
Fanny Y. Cory, cartoonist, started
him on his writing career.
Rosamond asked for information
about the earthquake, early gold
operations, a map of the city and
other information which he expects
to include in his book.
One of his novels, “Bound in
Clay” is available at the Helena
public library. He has been called
“Oklahoma’s greatest living humorist,”
and is holder of the international
Mark Twain award for
his contribution to literature.

Hollywood and the “Dunites,” 1934

Meher Baba returned to Hollywood in 1934, avoiding publicity and instead working with a number of screenwriters and filmmakers on proposed film projects. During the earlier 1932 visit he had met a spiritual seeker named Sam Cohen, a Theosophist and resident of a loosely knit freethinkers’ community named “Moy Mell” nestled among the dunes on the beach at Oceano, California. The benefactor of this group of intellectuals, spiritual seekers, artists and social misfits was Chester Alan Arthur III, grandson of the 21st President, who went by the name of Gavin. For a time Gavin published a magazine called the Dune Forum, which included articles by such notables as Stuart Edward White (author of the spiritualist classic, The Unobstructed Universe), and photographic contributions by Ansel Adams and Edward Weston (whose dune photographs are well-known).

Gavin would frequently entertain the intellectual and artistic elite of America at his cabin in the dunes. Although accounts differ somewhat, it appears that Baba sent disciple Meredith Starr and his wife to Moy Mell in 1932, and that they stayed on for a period of time (this was approximately a year and a half before Meredith’s defection). When Baba returned to Hollywood in 1934, he agreed to visit the “Dunite” community. On the evening of Christmas day (accounts different as to the exact days), Baba arrived with eighteen of his followers, including Norina Matchabelli, wife of Georges Matchabelli, known for the popular perfume brand. Norina had previously arranged for a special cabin to be built for Baba, but he chose instead to stay in Gavin’s cabin. Gavin was not in Moy Mell at the time, and it was decided that he wouldn’t mind.

There was also a Theosophical center called the Temple of the People in nearby Halcyon, founded in 1904 with the intent of preparing for the arrival of the next incarnation of the Avatar, but there is no record of Baba visiting it.(21)

Three weeks ago I exchanged words with my niece, Drew Benton, for the first time in a cyber Land of Make Believe – that will go unnamed lest our worldly enemies track us down and snatch the secret key from us. Let us call this place ‘Moy Mell’ after a Faire Land far over the sea, where only………
The Dunites called their Bohemian community Moy Mell, a sanctuary for folks who had left the beaten path, could not cope, or, were just following their dream. It has been suggested that most people who can’t cope, become dreamers. But, it is a matter of what came first, the chicken or the egg. Whatever, we are not eggs or chickens. Usually wer are poets and artists, mystics, and hermits, who at an early age considered ourselves Foundlings.
I am a Foundling, after my grandfather, Royal Rosamond, who took his third born daughter Lillian down to the dunes in Ventura where there was another shanty town built by Bohemians and odd fellows.
“These are my people!” Royal proudly exclaimed as he he did an Irish Jigg to the music an old Scotsman played on his violin. My kindred had just had tea in a little shack in Ventura by the Sea.
When I interviewed Lillian for my autobiography, she told me her father took her to the top of hill overlooking Ventura where she and her three beautiful sisters had grown up. Royal had been away, and had come home……………just to say goodbye!
Mary Magdalene Rosamond had banished her husband from his home where dwelt the Faire Roses of the World. My grandfather was a very poor provider. Mary was making hats to support her children. However, there was a man lurking about, a dark man whose history did not survive for some reason. Perhaps it is because he sired no children. Uncle Conrad was Mary’s brother. He owned several home in the Ojai Valley, and the home the Rosamond’s lived in. He was a landlord.
With tears in her eyes, Lilian told me how her father imparted his dream to her, when he affixed her gaze out to sea, over the horizon, to the land of eternity, where the noblest attributes of humankind, dwell – a land where poets and artists are not punished for creating their beloved sanctuaries.
I met Drew Benton for the first time at her mother’s house, the day before Christine Rosamond Benton’s funeral in Carmel by the Sea. She had come over to play video games with her cousin, Shamus. Vicki Presco introduced us. Drew turned to look me in the eyes, did not speak, and went back to play in cyber world. When we met in Moy Mell, our Avatars, she approached this grey haired warrior and exclaimed with her computer keyboard;
“My long lost uncle!”

Fanny Y. Cory, Grandmother of Ann Cory on her mother’s side

Now I will go back in time. I will go back to one of the dearest people in my life, my grandma.

Today her art work is bought and sold today on e-bay and other sites and she is noted in books about illustrators of the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Her art name is Fanny Y. Cory, although sometimes she signed with FYC and other versions of her name. The one thing that never changed, though, was that she signed her art vertically and with carefully formed capital letters.

Fanny Y. Cory was someone who always drew from the time she was old enough to hold a pencil. One of her early memories was lying on the floor of her home drawing away with adults patiently stepping over her.

She drew so much and so well that not only could she draw anything she saw but anything she wanted to materialize out of her fertile imagination.

Fanny Y. Cory’s brother, Jack Cory, a well-known political cartoonist, paid her way to attend the Metropolitan School of Fine Arts in New York City.

She took part in the Artists Student Legue there but soon needed to earn money from her art to support her darling sister who had consumption.

Many times as I grew up I heard her tell the story about her beginning attempt to sell her illustrations. The first journey at 17 up the ”well-worn iron stairs” into the unknown world of “Scribners” was frightening.

“The young man at the desk flipped carelessly through my portfolio. Then he looked up and said to ‘Come back when you became known’ ”.

“I thanked him kindly and then walked across the hall to “Century” and they took my illustrations right away.”

Before long Fanny Y. Cory was known as the “Sweetheart of the Century Company,” and became one of the best known illustrators in the country.

She did covers and illustrations of St. Nicholas, Life, Scribner’s, Century, Harper’s Bazaar and The Saturday Evening Post.

She also illustrated many books during this time among them Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1902) by Lewis Carrol, and several books by Frank L. Baum, author of The Wizard of Oz.

Fanny Y. Cory married a Montana rancher whom she had gotten to know in earlier years via his sisters and moved to his ranch at Canyon Ferry, Montana.

They raised their children there and she continued her illustration work on a limited basis.

After Fanny Y. Cory’s children become older, it was apparent that they needed college training.

Fanny Y. Cory had always done her art for the good of others and to help her children have their dreams, she threw her talents into a new art field: two syndicated comic strips which she did for 25 and 30 years respectively.

One was “Little Miss Muffet,” a daily strip that King Features ran originally as their answer to the very popular “Little Orphan Annie” comic strip.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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