When I met my father-in-law in New York, he told me at his table he descended from Erik the Red. On this day I claim my daughter and grandchildren and splice them to the Epic Tree and Marriage of John Presco and Mary Ann Tharaldsen.
Yesterday I discovered why a Seer said;
“People come into your being and – take! Take! Take! You are powerless to stop them. I do not know why!”
I was born a Futurian. I owned the Gift to See – even while in my mother’s womb. I was born to show you – The Way – into the future. But, many people who I got close to wanted me to heal their past. They had been damaged – in past lifetimes! Many did not know – who they were – by examining the past. They borrowed my powers to see the future, and used it to heal what was dead in them.
It is uncanny how people try to UNBORN ME – out of revenge! They are jealous, and want what I have. They have done insane things to – TAKE FROM ME! The most insane thing every done, is when Judge Richard M. Silver, made a legal ruling in a Monterey Superior Court to SELL MY PAST to a jealous outsider, who hired a ghost writer to BLIND THE SIGHT of my sister – who also could see! Everything was taken from Christine – too!
The United States and the West needs to build several Atlantis to show China that our way of life is superior and way more creative. America must end its battle over the past, and look into the FUTURE. This is what WE are about!
Here is our kin, Christopher Lee explaining how J.R. Tolkien was inspired by Icelandic Tales. I am going back to signing my VIEW as Jon, the way my mother, Rosemary, wanted it spelled. I just found this video where Lee says he studied mythology as a young man. At the end he says he is a cousin of Ian Fleming. My Bond novel ‘The Royal Janitor’ contains much mythology, and stars two women that has turned most Bond fans off. To connect Bond to the Lord of the Rings, and other Tolkien stories – elevates James Bond – and his World Mission into the Future!
John Boorman attempted a film adaption of ‘The Lord of the Rings’ and settled for making the movie ‘Excalibur’. My kindred, Christopher Lee, played Saruman and Scaramanga in ‘The Man With the Golden Gun’. Lee is the step-cousin of Ian Fleming, via Harcourt Rose. Lee and Ian played golf together. On October 1, 2019 I changed Victoria Bond’s ancestor chart to make her kin to Harcourt Rose. Christopher met Tolkien in a pub. Boorman made a anti-Bond movie starring Brosman.
On a James Bond facebook group I suggested we author a letter to Barbara Broccoli and bid her to join the search for drug that would decrease the danger of the coronavirus and allow movie theaters to open. This morning I found out my, Christopher’s and Fleming’s kindred, Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, smuggled drugs to victims of AIDS and helped come up with a HIV drug that looks promising to coronavirus patients.
I suggest the formation of ‘The Knights of the Rose Theatre’ a group of movie lovers who will help reopen theatres near them, and deliver in person pertinent information on the best ways to be safe.
President: Royal Rosamond Press
EXTRA! After posting the above I decided to add what I took out. This morning I discovered that Christopher Lee is kin to Fleming via Harcourt Rose. I was blown away because – for some reason I changed Victoria Bond’s genealogy to have her descend from Rose. I have found my own Rose Line and wanted Lara Roozemond to play Victoria. This name is thee Dutch spelling of Rosemond. Gottschalk Rosemond is a possible ancestor of Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor whose husband, Sir Richard Burton, was Fleming’s choice to star in his first Bond movie. Richard and Liz have been knighted as has Lee who did not know of his link to Taylor that appeared when I tested my DNA.
Jón Halldórsson (c. 1275 – 2 February 1339, or Candlemas; Modern Icelandic: [ˈjouːn ˈhalˌtour̥sˌsɔːn]) was a Roman Catholic clergyman, who became the bishop of Iceland (1322–1339). He served in the diocese of Skálholt. He grew up in Norway as a friar of the Dominican order and has been assumed to have been of Norwegian birth, though since his mother’s name, Friðgerðr, is unknown outside Iceland, he may in fact have been (half) Icelandic. He studied both theology in Paris and canon law in Bologna, and his learning is seen as remarkable in contemporary Icelandic sources; Laurentius saga has him as one of Iceland’s two best Latinists at his time, as fluent in Latin as in his mother-tongue. He was elected bishop following Grímr Skútuson and consecrated on 1 August 1322 but did not arrive in Iceland until the following year. He was noted for bringing the Icelandic Church more closely into line with canon law and for his skill as a preacher and storyteller; the introduction to Klári saga claims that it is based on a Latin romance discovered by Jón in France, and there is a strong case that Jón indeed produced the saga, while Jón’s fame as a gatherer of stories is clear from Laurentius saga. He died in Norway at Candlemass 1339.
All Icelanders know that J.R.R. Tolkien used Icelandic material in his work but know less about how he used it. There are many rings in Icelandic medieval literature but magic rings are a fairly ubiquitous folklore theme and thus it is somewhat far-fetched to imagine that the ring narrative was inspired by Iceland. But some other material does come from Iceland and I will say a few words here about how Tolkien’s dwarves, elves, dragons and ghosts are partly inspired by medieval Icelandic matter.
For a year I was into Atlantis. I planted Mary Ann Tharaldsen a octangular vegetable garden based upon my drawings of Atlantis. When Mary Ann took me home, I showed her these drawings. She was blown away. She had majored in architecture at Cornell and said my plans were worthy of a thesis.
Yesterday I noticed how my former wife, Mary Ann Tharaldsen, looks like my grandmother, Mary Magdalene Rosamond, whose maiden name is Wieneke. Above is the Wieneke cote of arms showing bunch of grapes coming across a body of water. I have seen a hand coming out of a cloud holding a bunch of grapes which migh suggest ‘Wodin-given’ of ‘God-given’. The cloud is visible at the upper-right. In the name Wieneke is wine.
Vineland is Wine-land. Because their are large waves I suspect this bunch of grapes was brought across the Atlantic. Did Monks hire the Vikings to go in search of grapes? Did they rob grape plants? Consider the Holy Grail and the Eucharist…..hand coming out of a cloud holding a cup.
According to Rosemary, the Wieneke’s owned several castles on the Hephoon Heil, a place in Germany I have yet to locate. The wine country in Germany is found on the Rhine. Did the Vikings bring a new species here, they always on the look-out for wild grapes?
In the book Erik the Red, Leif the Lucky and Other Pre-Columbian Discoverers of America (1911) we read that a German named Tyrker discovered grape plants in Vineland, and knows how to transport them. He appears to be from the Rhineland.
“I have not been far from here but I have something new to tell you of. I have found vines and grapes.”
“Is that true, my old one.?” said Leif.
“It is really true,” Tyrker replied. “I should know, for where I was brought up there are plenty of vines and
Could it be Tyrker is my kindred? He is described as Leif’s ‘foster father’ or guardian. Was Leif brought up in the Rhineland so he could learn the skills of a vinter? The Norseman were business men and opportunists, first.
In thinking aloud I believe I have come across a startling new theory, being Tyrker was a Monk whose tonsured head is responsible for the account of he having a protruding forehead, that could also imply the top of the head.
“He was a little, wretched-looking fellow, with protruding forehead, unsteady eyes, and tiny face, yet a man skilled in all manner of handicraft.”
Monks were skilled in all manner of handicrafts, including growing wine. Leif was converted to Christianity and may be calling Tyrker “Father” and thus the idea he was his foster-father. The birthplace of Leif is not known. His father was exiled. Did Eric go up the Rhine where he became allied with a monestary that raised his son? It is said King Olaf converted Leif, but, it may be the other way around.
One account says Leif was looking for wood. How much wood would a Viking vessel hold – along with thirty-five men and their provisions? It is said a large load of dried grapes was brought aboard, but, was there enough sun to dry them just before winter set in?
What I suspect is that Tryker built planter-boxes and barrels to hold fresh water to keep the vines alive. Tryker was a cooper. He was looking for a hardier northern species that could be grown in the lands of the Norseman, and parts of Germany, where forests abound. I see a Viking ship coming down the Rhine guiding a large raft of fallen logs. I see Eric the Red paying a Father for another load.
As Christianity spread into Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, you’re going to need a lot of wine for the Eucharist, because one little sip will not do these mighty drinking men.
“Fill up me cup Father, for I have seen the light!’
It is this thinking aloud that promotes true scholarship, verses squirreling away your theory behind a berm and pouring down oil upon all comers. The wandering Viking were the first world wide web.
The Wieneke family fled from Germany because of Bismark’s Kulturekumf. The Wienekes were supporters of the Order of Saint Francis. My grandmother’s cousin, Mother Mary Dominica, founded Briar Cliff college.
A month after Mary Ann and I got married, her ex-husband, David Seidler, sued for custody of their thrirteen year old daughter, Britt, wo was named after the Scandanavian Goddess, Brigid. This is key because Brigid was fought over by Pagans and Christians to the point the Catholic Church made her a Saint.
Mary Ann told me David Seidler was proud of his German Heritage. This is key because the Nazis latched on to the Oera Linda books and used the Frisian Atlanteans to depict their bloodline as superior. Consider my post on the Nazi Titanic. Atland is the Frisian Atlantis. Rosamond was a Frisian Folk-Mother, and Jon was a Sea-King – who founds Britain, a name that stems from Brigit. The Zeno map shows an island named Frisland. The Rosemondt family were Swan Brethren in Holland.
It is my belief that my Muse brought I and my former wife together so we could bring together the Legend of Eric the Red a Sea-king, and the legend of Atland in order to raise a New Atlantis from the depths of despair. This done, we will release the Dove of Peace. Jonah means ‘dove’. Ian is a form of Jon. We were ‘The Peace Generation’.
I believe I have permission from Mary Ann, and Rena Easton to render an Atlantean Family Tree, where Rena is the model for Brigid the goddess of fire. I believe Rena’s diceased daughter, Kathlene, saw herself as Brigid because she was into the Celtic Cosmology. But, most of all, I own permission from my Muse who is an Atlantean, amongst other things.
These posts on Atland will be a Work of Art, rather then a Work of History. In rendering a work of art, one does not need, nor can one expect to get permission from all parties. In the union of Mary Ann, and Mary Magdalene ‘Rose of the World’ in my family tree, alas we find two souls in perfect agreement.
Mary had four beautiful daughters. She saw me as the son she wanted.
I would like Mary Ann to contribute to this great work that we would have begun soon after we met. But, masterpieces have a way evolving that transcend the boundaries of time and space. Information is gathered in ways that are mysterious. Let us begin a New Genesis and leave a Worthy Legacy for the future.
“At this time Rosamond the Mother, who had done all in her power by gentle means to preserve peace, when she saw how bad it was, made short work of it. Immediately she sent messengers throughout all the districts to call a general levy, which brought together all the defenders of the country. The landsmen who were fighting were all
caught, but Jon with his seamen took refuge on board his fleet, taking with him the two lamps, as well as Minerva and the maidens of both the citadels. Helprik, the chief summoned him to appear; but while all the soldiers were on the other side of the Scheldt, Jon sailed back to the Flymeer, and then straight to our islands. His fighting men and many of our people took women and children on board, and when Jon saw that he and his people would be punished for their
misdeeds, he secretly took his departure. He did well, for all our islanders and the other Scheldt people who had been fighting were transported to Britain.
Jon, John, Jhon, Jan, are all the same name, though the pronunciation varies, as the seamen like to shorten everything to be able to make it easier to call. Jon – that is, “Given” – was a sea-king, born at Alberga, who sailed from the Flymeer with a fleet of 127 ships.
One evening he found a man
of his company missing, the German, named Tyrker,
already mentioned. He was greatly concerned and
after reproaching his people for their negligence,
selected twelve men and set out to find the lost
man. After going a short distance, they met Tyrker
and were much delighted. Leif had had many
proofs that his ward had more than usual ability
and a good mind. Tyrker was of slight build, and
had pleasant features and sharp, quick eyes, and was
a skilled mechanician. Leif said to him: “Why
do you come back so late and why did you stray
away from your companions.^” Tyrker cast down
his eyes, hesitated, and at last said in German:
“I have not been far from here but I have something
new to tell you of. I have found vines and grapes.”
“Is that true, my old one.?” said Leif. “It is really
true,” Tyrker replied. “I should know, for where
I was brought up there are plenty of vines and
That night they devoted themselves to sleep and
on the following morning Leif said to his men:
“We have now two matters to attend to, to gather
LEIF THE LUCKY
grapes and fell timber, and have it ready for the
loading of the vessel.” All were delighted, and
the ship’s long boat was filled with grapes and the
vessel with timber.^ Thev found fields of wheat
which grew wild, and maple trees. They took sam-
ples of the one and enough of the timber to build a
house. In the Spring preparations were made for de-
parture, but before leaving, on account of its fruit-
fulness in grapes, he named the country “Vineland^
Tyrker (or Tyrkir) is a character mentioned in the Norse Saga of the Greenlanders and German historical legend He accompanied Leif on his voyage of discovery around the year 1000, and is portrayed as an older German male servant. He is referred to as “foster father” by Leif Ericson, which may indicate he was a freed thrall, who once had the responsibility of looking after and rearing the young Leif.
He was a little, wretched-looking fellow, with protruding forehead, unsteady eyes, and tiny face, yet a man skilled in all manner of handicraft.
“I was born in a land where grapes grow in plenty. And this land bears them! Behold what I bring you!”
There are two kinds of work now to be done. One day you  shall gather grapes the next you shall cut timber to freight the ship.
After this discovery there is little of interest to record. The winter, which proved to be a very mild one, passed away, and in the spring they set sail again for Greenland, their ship laden deeply with timber, so useful a treasure in their treeless northern home, while the long-boat was filled to the gunwale with the grapes they had gathered and dried.
Around A.D. 1000, Eriksson sailed to Norway, where King Olaf I converted him to Christianity
Leif grew to be a large and imposing man, one known for his fair judgment and honesty. Having been reared under his father’s adventurous hand, Leif had a strong urge to travel and explore. One of his first trips was eastward, to Norway, the homeland of his family. He arrived in Nidaros (Trondheim) and was well received by King Olav Tryggvasson. Leif and his men stayed there for the winter, and were taught the foundations of Christianity. Before they left Norway, Leif, along with all of his men, accepted the faith and were baptised Christians. Returning to Greenland, Leif taught the people of his new-found beliefs. His mother listened to his words and became a Christian. So devout in her belief was she, she asked Eric to have a church built for worship. Grudgingly, Eric fulfilled her request, but he himself never accepted the faith or visited the finished church.
After Bjarni had made his official report in Norway, Leif Ericson (Old Norse: Leifr Eiríksson, the son of Greenland leader Eric the Red) bought the ship that Bjarni had used for the voyage, hired a crew of 35 people and set out to find the land. The result is thought to be the Viking settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. This is the first known attempt at settlement by Europeans on the mainland of the Americas. (The North American island of Greenland was settled much earlier.)
Here is a kin of Rosamond Clifford.
Gandalf Alfgeirsson (Old Norse: Gandálf Álfgeirsson) was a legendary king of the petty kingdom Vingulmark, in south-eastern Norway and south-western Sweden He is portrayed in Snorri Sturluson‘s saga Heimskringla.
Heimskringla relates that Gandalf was given the kingdom of Alfheim by his father Alfgeir. A Gandalf, normally taken to be the same, fought with Halfdan the Black for overlordship of what would become Norway under Halfdan the Black’s son Harald Fairhair. They reached an temporary agreement to share Vingulmork between them. In a later episode, apparently after Gandalf’s death, his three sons, Hysing, Helsing, and Hake, attempted to ambush Halfdan the Black at night but he escaped into the forest. After raising an army, he returned and defeated the brothers, killing Hysing and Helsing. Hake fled from the country and Halfdan became king of all of Vingulmórk (possibly all of old Alfheim).
The stories of Gandalf and his sons was found in a place historically called Álfheimr which spans modern-day Bohuslän, in Sweden, Göta og Klara älv, originating in Trysil, as well as Glåmma, both the east and the west fold of Vingulmórk (cf. Oslo), the part of Alfheim given to King Guðrød Halfdanson by King Alfarinn as dowry, when princess Alfhild was married to the grandfather of Harald Fairhair. Olaf Geirstadalv’s mother was, if not identical to Alfhild, his aunt called Olöf.
J.R.Tolkien’s ‘The Lost Road’ begins thus; “Alboin. Alboin!”
Alboin means ‘Elf-friend’. When I was eighteen I had Hippie elf-friends who I found in Tolkien’s Trilogy. One of them was Christine Wandel. One day she came into my small attic room with no window, lay down on the floor where I lie on a mattress reading by candlelight, and after resting her head on my stomach, she asked;
“Tell me a story!”
I beheld her flaxen hair lit by my candle, and in less then a minute, my story began.
“There once was a hermit that lived deep in the woods. His name was Tristan Tanopoli ‘The Keeper of the Forest.”
Tolkien died before The Lost Road was finished. His son, Christopher, picked up the thread and finished this tale that a page later, asks;
“Why didn’t you call me Thurisind, or Thurismod?”
“Well, really mother had meant to call you Rosamund, only you turned up a boy.”
Alboin would grow up and marry a woman name Rosamund whose treachery would result in his usurpation and death. How interesting! What is this fasciantion with the name Rosamund that carries on in the naming of Frodo’s aunt?
“As a token of her confidence, she told him he need no longer call
her, “Auntie.” The previous year, Bilbo had suggested that Frodo no
longer address him as, “Uncle,” if he wished. Plain, “Bilbo,” would
do. Frodo still called Bilbo, “Uncle,” now and then; it had become
too ingrained a habit. But, following suit, Rosamunda suggested Frodo
might call her, “Rosa,” or, “Rosamunda.” Frodo forgot, and called
her, “Auntie,” many times, but, within the space of an afternoon
tea, “Rosa,” she became.”
Thurismod is the father of Rosamund. It is also spelled Thurismund. This looks like Tharaldsen “son of Thor”. The name Hromund is a Norse baby name. In Norse the meaning of the name Hromund is: Son of Thori.
http://www.special-dictionary.com/names/h/hromund.htm. 1) Combination of HROD and MUND  2) New combination of ROS (flower) and MUND 
Tolkien was extremely interested in the eptimology of Norse names. Hromundar may be a form of Rosemund meaning “famous protection”. Thor was compared to Jesus Christ, a who offered protection from evil, and death, thus the idea of immortality in ‘The Rose of the World’. The Draugers ad Ringwaiths lived forever, as a evil force that Thor combatted.
“Due to his inspiration from Hrómundar saga Gripssonar, during the writing of LOTR Tolkien at first foresaw a link between the Wights and the Ringwraiths, initially describing the Black Riders as horsed Wights, but the suggestion that they were the same kind of creatures was dropped in the published work. In the final work there remained a link between them: the wights were now spirits sent by the Witch King.”
Shortly after my grandson was born, I named him Sceaf who became King of the Danes who the ancestors of Chris Wandel, blessed, they also holding the title ‘King of Wends’.
What is amazing is my father could have taken the name Rosemond-Rosamond because he married a woman named rose.
This most interesting surname derives from a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may be a topographical name for a person who lived at a place where wild roses grew. It may also have been given to a “dweller in a house bearing the sign of the rose i.e., “an Inn”. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man of “rosy” complexion. In each of these instances the surname derives from the Middle English and Old French “rose” or the Germanic female personal name “Rose”, “Royse”, which was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as “Rothais” and is composed of the elements “hrod”, renown plus “haid(is)”, king. Finally, the name may also have originated from the Yiddish female personal name “Royze”, derived from the word for the flower.
Argotta-Rosamonde was married to Pharamonde ‘King of the Franks’. She is of the Cimri, a tribe that fled to Jutland where to this day there is a struggle over the Land of the Danes and Royal Titles. I will include Wandel’s kindred in my Saga that includes Juaquin Miller and the Pre-Raphaelites. The Franks claim they descend from the Trojans, thus, the Troy-town built for Fair Rosamond by King Henry who claimed his ancestors came from Troy.
An hour ago, I found a video of Mary Ann unveiling her lost Art Work. I see he as Rosamund Took. She and her daughter, Britt, will be in my Saga, as will be the artist, Stefan Eins.
Pauline Diana Bayne illustrated ‘The Chronicles of Nardia’ and Tolkien’s ‘Lord of the Rings. These Story Tellers were good friends, friends of the Elfs. The illustrator, Fanny Corey, encouraged my grandfather Royal Rosamond, to write. My niece, Drew Benton, renders Avatars for computer adventure games.
Pauline Diana Baynes (9 September 1922 – 1 August 2008) was an English illustrator whose work encompassed more than 100 books, notably several by C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), commonly called C. S. Lewis and known to his friends and family as “Jack”, was a novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, and Christian apologist. Born in Belfast, Ireland, he held academic positions at both Oxford University (Magdalen College), 1925–1954, and Cambridge University (Magdalene College), 1954–1963. He is best known both for his fictional work, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia, and The Space Trilogy, and for his non-fiction Christian apologetics, such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain.
Lewis and fellow novelist J. R. R. Tolkien were close friends. Both authors served on the English faculty at Oxford University, and both were active in the informal Oxford literary group known as the “Inklings”.
Last night I went to Eugene’s first Friday art walk. Friday is name after Freya the ‘Lady of Love’ who is associated with weaving and the Norns ‘The Three Fates’.
At the New Zone gallery I beheld three paintings of Women Warriors not unlike the vision I own of Rena Christensen who rebels against the Red Thread Clue of Rosamond because she has become a good Christian. Christensen is a Swedish name meaning ‘Son of Christian’. Is she kin to King Olaf?
At such a young age she found what the Norns had in store for her when she met me, but, she rebelled against them because all Aries want to be the only star of their show. And now she has been humbled by the Christian-X who force their Norms on all the world?
I am amused by women who want to restore the Old Ways, be like Celtic and Norse Goddesses, but, no man can be like Wodin – maybe Thor? Somehow this gets them Equality.
If Rena had married me, then I would never have married Mary Ann who is kin to Eric the Red and his daughter, Freydís Eiríksdóttir.
“Both Frigg and Freyja are associated with weaving, combining the aspects of a love goddess and a domestic goddess. In Sweden and some parts of Germany, the asterism of Orion’s Belt is known as her distaff or spindle.”
Rosamond is the name of the Sleeping Beauty Princess who falls asleep after being pricked with a weaving needle. Queen Eleanor finds Fair Rosamond in her maze with the clue of the Red Thread of the yarn she weaves with. My Rosamond kindred descend from a long line of weavers. The famous artist Rosamond was good with a needle and thread. But, let us throw all this away, because my ego might be too large, as large as a Norse God?
And forth she calls this trustye knighte,
In an unhappy houre;
Who with his clue of twined thread,
Came from this famous bower.
And when that they had wounded him,
The queene this thread did gette,
And went where Ladye Rosamonde
Was like an angell sette.
In Norse mythology, Freyja (Old Norse the “Lady”) is a goddess associated with love, sexuality, beauty, fertility, gold, seiðr, war, and death.
The weekday Friday in English is named after for the goddess Frigg (Old English frigedæg). Friday in Old Norse was called both Freyjudagr and Frjádagr
Frijjō (“Frigg-Frija”) is the reconstructed name or epithet of a hypothetical Common Germanic love goddess, the most prominent female member of the *Ansiwitz (gods), and often identified as the spouse of the chief god, *Wōdanaz (Woden-Odin).
The origin of the name norn is uncertain, it may derive from a word meaning “to twine” and which would refer to their twining the thread of fate.
I posted this in April.
Though she is not called a Shieldmaiden, Freydís Eiríksdóttir, is compared to one. She is in my family tree because I am kin to Erik the Red Thorvaldsson. After I married Mary Ann Tharaldsen, we flew to New York to meet her parents. They were not to happy we did not inform them we were getting married. Mary Ann’s father was very mu ch into his ancestor, Eric the Red, and had done extensive genealogical reasearch. You could say he was a fanatic, like I would turn out to be. He let me know in detail I had married into a noble and famous Norwegian family. He then asked about my ancestors. He was not impressed. No one jumped out at him – from a Viking vessel.
Mary Ann and her husband adopted a blonde boy they named Erik, and a Eskimo boy. When by great luck Mary Ann became pregnant and born a girl, they named her Britt.
Rena Christiansen is Nordic, and an Aries. I see her holding a shield and wearing a Viking Helmut. Behold the Goddess of War!
With the ruling that American Women can serve in the military and be in combat, Freyis is now the sister of Lady Liberty whom I have compared to the Rose of the World, the protectress of our shores and our Democracy.
Long live our Freedom!
Jon ‘The Ranger’
In Norse mythology, Freya is a goddess of love and fertility, and the most beautiful and propitious of the goddesses. She is the patron goddess of crops and birth, the symbol of sensuality and was called upon in matters of love. She loves music, spring and flowers, and is particularly fond of the elves (fairies). Freya is one of the foremost goddesses of the Vanir.
She is the daughter of the god Njord, and the sister of Freyr. Later she married the mysterious god Od (probably another form of Odin), who disappeared. When she mourned for her lost husband, her tears changed into gold.
Her attributes are the precious necklace of the Brisings, which she obtained by sleeping with four dwarfs, a cloak (or skin) of bird feathers, which allows its wearer to change into a falcon, and a chariot pulled by two cats. She owns Hildesvini (“battle boar”) which is actually her human lover Ottar in disguise. Her chambermaid is Fulla. Freya lives in the beautiful palace Folkvang (“field of folk”), a place where love songs are always played, and her hall is Sessrumnir. She divides the slain warriors with Odin: one half goes to her palace, while the other half goes to Valhalla. Women also go to her hall.
Erik the Red (Eirik Raude) Thorvaldsson (950 – 1003
Sola, Rogaland, Norway
Died 1003 in Greenland
This is an Icelandic name. The last name is a patronymic, not a family name; this person is properly referred to by the given name Freydís.
Freydís Eiríksdóttir was a daughter of Erik the Red (as in her patronym) who was associated with the Norse exploration of North America. The only medieval sources which mention Freydís are the two Vinland sagas, believed to be composed in the 13th century but purporting to describe events around 1000. They offer widely differing accounts, though in both Freydís appears as a strong-willed woman. Eiríks saga rauða describes her as a half-sister of Leif Eiríksson but according to Grœnlendinga saga she was a full sister.
 Saga of Erik the Red
Freydís joins an expedition to Vinland led by Þorfinnr Karlsefni. Her major part in the story is intervening in a battle between the Norse and the native Skrælingjar. The natives are mounting an attack and have driven the Norse into a retreat.
Freydis came out and saw how they were retreating. She called out, “Why run you away from such worthless creatures, stout men that ye are, when, as seems to me likely, you might slaughter them like so many cattle? Let me but have a weapon, I think I could fight better than any of you.” They gave no heed to what she said. Freydis endeavoured to accompany them, still she soon lagged behind, because she was not well [pregnant]; she went after them into the wood, and the Skrælingar directed their pursuit after her. She came upon a dead man; Thorbrand, Snorri’s son, with a flat stone fixed in his head; his sword lay beside him, so she took it up and prepared to defend herself therewith.
Then came the Skrælingjar upon her. She let down her sark and struck her breast with the sword. At this they were frightened, rushed off to their boats, and fled away. Karlsefni and the rest came up to her and praised her zeal. – Sephton’s translation
 Grœnlendinga saga
After expeditions to Vinland led by Leifr Eiríksson, Þorvaldr Eiríksson and Þorfinnr Karlsefni met with some success Freydís wants the prestige and wealth associated with a Vinland journey. She makes a deal with two Icelandic men, Helgi and Finnbogi, that they should go together to Vinland and share all profits half-and-half. They agree to bring the same number of men but Freydís secretly takes more.
In Vinland, Freydís betrays her partners, has them and their men attacked when sleeping and killed. She personally executes the five women in their group since no-one else would do the deed. Freydís wants to conceal her treachery and threatens death to anyone who tells of the killings. She goes back to Greenland after a year’s stay and tells the story that Helgi and Finnbogi had chosen to remain in Vinland.
But not everyone is silent and word of the killings eventually reaches the ears of Leifr. He has three men from Freydís’s expedition tortured until they confess the whole occurrence. Thinking ill of the deeds he still does not want “to do that to Freydis, my sister, which she has deserved”.
As terrifying pedigrees go, Freydis had a pretty good one. A viking woman who was the illegitimate daughter of Erik the Red and half sister to Leif Erikson, Freydis and her husband set off on an expedition to Vinland (Nova Scotia). The Vikings and the Vinlanders had a tolerant existence of each other until the Vinlanders tried some of the Vikings delicious cheeses (which they’d never had before) and came down with a killer case of lactose intolerance. Thinking the Vikings were poisoning them, the Vinlanders attacked. The crew fled, leaving behind a heavily pregnant Freydis, who couldn’t keep up with them. Picking up a sword, Freydis ripped her dress open showing her breasts, waved her sword and screamed at the startled Vinlanders, who faced with this clearly crazy pregnant woman, retreated. No word on whether the yelling or the bared boobs are what actually ran off the natives. Having been left behind by her husband and crew, Freydis stayed hidden and gave birth to a son. Eventually the crew rescued her and held a conversation I can only assume was extremely awkward.
On a second expedition, one of the Viking ships sank with no loss of life. Not for long, as Freydis ordered the killing of everyone saved from the ship because they wouldn’t have enough provisions. When the men balked at killing the women, Freydis grabbed an axe and did it herself because that’s how she rolled. Later she and her husband set out on another expedition with a set of brothers, one of which Freydis conned out of the larger boat. Causing tensions in the settlement, Freydis ordered her husband to kill the brothers and their group. For good measure she threatened to divorce him if he didn’t follow through. Once again her husband and her men followed through, but balked at killing the women and once more Freydis said “give me that axe” and finished the job. When she and her crew returned to Greenland they told everyone that the brothers and their group liked Vinland so much they decided to stay and threatened to kill her crew if they ever leaked the truth. Eventually the secret did get out, but I assume everyone was too afraid of Freydis to do anything about it.
Women at War
Contrary to popular belief, women often engaged in medieval warfare. If the Chatelaine happened to be at home while their husband was away and their castle was besieged, it was routine for her to command the defences.
Here are some examples of notable Medieval femail warriors:
* 8th century: Shieldmaidens fight at the Battle of Bråvalla on the side of the Danes.
* 722: Queen Aethelburg of Wessex destroys the town of Taunton.
* 750: Veborg, as well as many other Shieldmaidens, participate in the Battle of Bråvalla in Sweden.
* 783: Saxon women throw themselves barebreasted into battle against Charlemagne’s forces. Among them is Fastrada, who became Charlemagne’s fourth wife.
* Early 9th century: Cwenthryth fights Wulfred, Archbishop of Canterbury, for control of her abbey estates.
* 880: Ermengarda defends Vienne.
* 912-922: Reign of Ethelfleda, ruler of Mercia. She commanded armies, fortified towns, and defeated the Danes. She also defeated the Welsh and forced them to pay tribute to her.
* Mid 10th century: Queen Thyra of Denmark leads an army against the Germans.
* 971: The Scandinavian ruler of Kiev attacked the Byzantines in Bulgaria in 971. When the Norsemen had been defeated, the victors discovered shieldmaidens among the fallen warriors.
* Early 11th century: Freydís Eiríksdóttir, a Viking woman, sails to Vinland with Thorfinn Karlsefni. When she faced hostile natives while pregnant, she exposed her breasts and beat her chest with a sword. This caused the natives to run away.
* 1040-1090: Sichelgaita of Salerno second wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia, accompanies her husband on military campaigns, and regularly puts on full armor and rides into battle at his side. At the Battle of Dyrrhachium (1081) she rallied Robert’s troops when they were initially repulsed by the Byzantine army.
* 1046-1115: Lifetime of Matilda of Tuscany, who conducted wars to defend the papacy.
* 1071: Richilde, Countess of Mons and Hainaut is captured fighting in the Battle of Cassel.
* 1072: Urraca of Zamora, Infanta of Castile, defends the city of Zamora against her brother, Sancho II of Castile.
* 1075: Emma de Guader, Countess of Norfolk defends Norwich castle while it is under siege.
* 1090: A Norman woman Isabel of Conches rides armed as a knight.
* 1121:Urraca of Castile fights her half-sister, Theresa, Countess of Portugal when she refuses to surrender the city of Tuy.
* 1131-1160: Melisende of Jerusalem ruler of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem is one of the rulers involved in the Second Crusade.
* 1136: Welsh princess Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd leads an army against the Normans. She is defeated and killed.
* 1141: Matilda of Boulogne raises an army to continue the fight for the crown of England, after her husband, King Stephen is captured by the Empress Matilda.
* 1145: Eleanor of Aquitaine accompanies her husband on the Second Crusade.
* 1172: Alrude Countess of Bertinoro ends a siege of Aucona by leading an army into battle and crushing imperial troops.
* Late 12th century: Eva MacMurrough conducts battles on behalf of her husband, the Earl of Pembroke.
* 3rd May 1211. The chatelaine of Lavaur, Gerauda (or Geralda) de Lavaur, was murdered by Catholic Crusaders because of her part in resisting their siege of Lavaur during the Cathar Crusade. Click here to read more about the siege of Lavaur
* Mid 13th century: Eleanor of Castile accompanies her husband on his crusade. According to legend, she saves his life by sucking poison from his wound when he was injured.
* 1264: Eleanor of Provence raises troops in France for her husband during the Baron’s War.
* 1271: Isabella of Aragon dies at Consenza on the way back from the Crusades.
* 1290: An illustration of a woman named Walpurgis is shown training in sword and buckler techniques
* 14th century: Jane, Countess of Montfort leads troops into battle. Countess Jeanne de Penthievre is among her antagonists.
* 1326: Isabella of France invades England with Roger de Mortimer, and overthrows Edward II, replacing him with her son Edward III, with her and de Mortimer acting as regents.
* 1334: Agnes Dunbar successfully defends her castle against a siege by the Earl of Salisbury.
* 1335: The Scots defeat a company led by the Count of Namur. Amongst the Count’s casualties was a female lancer who had killed her opponent, Richard Shaw, at the same moment that he had killed her. Her gender was only discovered when the bodies were being stripped of their armour at the end of the engagement. “The chronicler Bower seems to have been at least as impressed by the rarity of two mounted soldiers simultaneously transfixing one another with their lances as with the fact that one of them was a woman.”
* 1364-1405: Tamerlane uses female archers to defend baggage trains.
* 1383: Eleanor of Arborea, ruler of Sardinia, conducts a defensive war against Aragon.
* 15th century: Maire o Ciaragain leads Irish clans in rebellion.
* 15th century: Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine, leads an army to rescue her husband from the Duke of Burgundy.
* 1429: Joan of Arc leads the French army. Yolande of Aragon supports her. Pierronne, a contemporary of hers, also hears voices and fights for the king of France.
* 1461: Queen Margaret of Anjou defeats the Earl of Warwick in the Wars of the Roses.
* 1461: Lady Knyvet defends Buckingham Castle at Norfolk against Sir Gilbert of Debenhem
* 1471: Queen Margaret of Anjou is defeated in battle at Tewksbury.
* 1472: Onorata Rodiana from Cremona, Italy is mortally wounded in battle. She had disguised herself as a man to become a soldier.
* June 27, 1472: Jeanne Hachette rips down the flag of the invading Burgundians at Beauvais, inspiring the garrison to win the engagement