Gandolfsdatter Kindred of Rosamond

Here is a kin of Rosamond Clifford.

John

Davinci and My Rose Line | Rosamond Press

Godfrey de Bouillon Bogart and Rosemont | Rosamond Press

Lambert van Boulogne Graaf van Lens (1025-1054) » West-Europese adel » Genealogy Online (genealogieonline.nl)

Gandalf Alfgeirsson (Old NorseGandálf Álfgeirsson) was a legendary king of the petty kingdom Vingulmark, in south-eastern Norway and south-western Sweden[1] He is portrayed in Snorri Sturluson‘s saga Heimskringla.

Heimskringla relates that Gandalf was given the kingdom of Alfheim by his father Alfgeir. A Gandalf, normally taken to be the same, fought with Halfdan the Black for overlordship of what would become Norway under Halfdan the Black’s son Harald Fairhair. They reached an temporary agreement to share Vingulmork between them. In a later episode, apparently after Gandalf’s death, his three sons, Hysing, Helsing, and Hake, attempted to ambush Halfdan the Black at night but he escaped into the forest. After raising an army, he returned and defeated the brothers, killing Hysing and Helsing. Hake fled from the country and Halfdan became king of all of Vingulmórk (possibly all of old Alfheim).

The stories of Gandalf and his sons was found in a place historically called Álfheimr which spans modern-day Bohuslän, in Sweden, Göta og Klara älv, originating in Trysil, as well as Glåmma, both the east and the west fold of Vingulmórk (cf. Oslo), the part of Alfheim given to King Guðrød Halfdanson by King Alfarinn as dowry, when princess Alfhild was married to the grandfather of Harald Fairhair. Olaf Geirstadalv’s mother was, if not identical to Alfhild, his aunt called Olöf.[2]

Gandalf Alfgeirsson – Wikipedia

Godfrey de Bouillon Bogart and Rosemont

Posted on October 2, 2017 by Royal Rosamond Press

When I entered Christine’s home for the first time, Vicki and I sat in the living room. I asked about the large mural over the fireplace. Vicki got up and gave me a laminated piece of paper containing the history of this work depicting Godfrey de Bouillon entered Jerusalem. Godfrey has a foot on a dead Saracen. I had seen this work in the book ‘Holy Blood, Holy Grail’ a couple of months earlier. Vicki told me when our sister gave a tour of her home, she stopped before this work, and declared;

“And, this is my mad brother!”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holy_Blood_and_the_Holy_Grail

If I had signed the agreement Tom Snyder sent me, I would not have been able to author anything about my late sister, thus, connect her to Godfrey and the Cuycks, who are a famous Dutch family, and thus, was a great interest to Henry Brevoort.

Alfhild gandolfsdatter

ALFHILD NORWAY DENMARK Randversson av Danmark og Sverige (born Gandolfsdatter), 728 – 778

ALFHILD NORWAY DENMARK Randversson av Danmark og Sverige (born Gandolfsdatter) was born on monthday 728, at birth place , to Gandolf Alfgeirsson King of Norway, Earl Alfheilm & Vingulmork and Gauthild Gyrithe “Queen of Vingulmork Norway” King of Norway, Earl Alfheilm & Vingulmork (born Alfsdottir) .Gandolf was born on April 22 708, in Hedmark, Norge.Gauthild was born in 714, in AM, Uppsala, Sweden.ALFHILD had 5 siblings: Alfarin Gandolfsson , Aud Ivarsdatter and 3 other siblings .ALFHILD married Sigurd Rand version Randversson av Danmark og Sverige in 759, at age 30 at marriage place .Sigurd was born in 745, in Uppsala, Sweden.His occupation was King of Sweden, Konge, Kung av Sverige, Ruled c. 770-812, Svensk og dansk konge, King, Roi de Dannemark, King in Sweden, King of Denmark/Sweden, Småkonge i Svealand og Vestgøtland, Nordisk sagokung, småkung i Svealand och Västergötland, King of Lethr.They had 4 children: Ragnar Lothbrok Lodbrok den eldre Sigurdson and 3 other children .Her occupations were occupation and occupation .ALFHILD passed away on monthday 778, at age 49 at death place .She was buried in 810.

Godehilde Toeny (1105-1145) » West-Europese adel » Genealogy Online (genealogieonline.nl)

Alice Munsö Lady Walthamstow (1075-1125) » West-Europese adel » Genealogy Online (genealogieonline.nl)

Lambert van Ringelheim Graaf van Leuven en Toxandrië (900-????) » West-Europese adel » Genealogy Online (genealogieonline.nl)

NameRagnar “Lodbrok” Sigurdsson Danish King at LethraBirthabt 755, Uppsala, SwedenDeath845, Northumbria, EnglandFatherSigurd “Ring” Randversson King in Sweden (~720-812)MotherAlfhild GandolfsdatterMisc. NotesRagnar Lodbrok

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Ragnar Lodbrok was a semi-legendary King of Denmark and Sweden who reigned sometime in the eighth or ninth centuries. Although he is something of a hero in his native Scandinavia, reliable accounts of his life are very sketchy and heavily based on ancient Viking sagas. Even the dating of his reign is not certain; there are sources that date it from 750 -794 , and others from 860 -865 . Neither jibes with what we know of him, and he probably held power as a warlord from approximately 835 to his death in 865 , perhaps only being recognized as king in the last five years of his life.

He was probably born in modern Norway, and later became part of the ruling class in Denmark. At some point, he became king there, and later gained control of Sweden and Finland (then a part of Sweden), as well. He was given the nickname “hairy breeches” because he favored trousers made from animal skin by his wife.

He spent most of his life as a pirate and raider, invading one country after another. He would generally accept a huge payment to leave his victims alone, only to come back later and demand more riches in exchange for leaving. But as the extent of his realm shows, he was also a gifted military leader.

By 845 , he was a powerful ruler, and most likely a contemporary of the first ruler of Russia , the Viking Rurik . It is said he was always seeking new adventures because he was worried that his freebooting sons would do things that outshined his own achievements.

In that year, he sailed southward, looking for new worlds to conquer. With 120 ships and 5,000 Viking warriors, he landed in modern France , probably at the Seine estuary, and ravaged West Francia, as the westernmost part of the Frankish empire was then known.

Also in 845, Paris was captured and held ransom by a Viking raider, whom the sagas say was Ragnar Lodbrok. The traditional date for this is March 28 , which is today referred to as Ragnar Lodbrok Day by many Scandinavians. The King of West Francia, Charlemagne ’s son Charles II “The Bald”, paid him a fantastic amount of money not to destroy the city. Ragnar Lodbrok, according to Viking sources, was satisfied with no less than 7,000 pounds of silver in exchange for sparing the city. However, that did not stop Ragnar from attacking other parts of France, and it took a long time for the Franks to drive him out.

Ragnar was a pagan who claimed to be a direct descendant of the god Odin . One of his favorite strategies was to attack Christian cities on holy feast days, knowing that many soldiers would be in church.

After he was done with France, he turned his attention to England . In 865 , he landed in Northumbria on the northeast coast of England. Here, it is claimed that he was defeated in battle for the only time, by King Ella of Northumbria. Ella’s men captured Ragnar, and the King ordered him thrown into a snake pit filled with poisonous snakes. As he was slowly being bitten to death, he was alleged to have exclaimed “How the little pigs would grunt if they knew the situation of the old boar!”

One Viking saga states that when his four sons heard the manner of his death, they all reacted in great sorrow. Hvitserk, who was playing chess, gripped the piece so hard that he bled from his fingernails. Bjorn grabbed a spear so tightly that he left an impression in it, and Sigurd, who was trimming his nails, cut straight through to the bone.

Ragnar’s fourth son, Ivor “the Boneless”, soon learned the details of his father’s death and swore that he would avenge his father’s death and subsequent killing, in time-honored Viking tradition. In 866 , Ivor crossed the North Sea with a large army, met King Ella in battle, and captured him. He sentenced him to die according to the custom of the “blood red eagle”, which was to cut the ribs of the victim out and the lungs removed by grasping them and spreading them over the body. He then avenged his father’s death in exactly this manner.

Although this story, like virtually all tales concerning Ragnar Lodbrok, may or may not be accurate, his death had serious consequences. Ivor was the mastermind behind the attacks on the English mainland in the final quarter of the ninth century. He invaded East Anglia, and the following year attacked York. He was aided by the internal struggle for power in Northumbria–which he was of course responsible for by killing Ella. These wars were a prelude to the long struggle of the Saxons of Alfred the Great against the “Danes” a generation later.

Meanwhile, in France, the Vikings kept coming back for more booty. Among their feats was destroying the city of Rouen several times. Ultimately, many of them settled there permanently, in a land that became known as Normandy (for “Northmen”, as the Franks called the Vikings).
****************

Many historians regard much of the genealogy at this point to be purely
legendary, or even mythical.

References: [RFC],[RGD],[YorkshireP],[AR7]Spouses1Aslaug SigurdsdatterFatherSigurd “Fafnisbana” SigmundssonMotherBrynhild BudlasdatterChildrenSigurd “Snake-Eye” (~782-873) Bjorn “Ironside”Ivar “the Boneless” (~794-873)2Thora HerraudsdatterFatherHerraud Earl of GothlandChildrenOlof (Alof)Eirik King of Sweden

Sigurd Ring (Old NorseSigurðr Hringr, in some sources merely called Hringr[1]) was a legendary king of the Swedes[2] mentioned in many old Scandinavian sagas. According to these sources he was granted rulership over Sweden as a vassal king under his uncle Harald Wartooth. Later he would take up arms against his uncle Harald in a bid to overthrow him and take the crown of Denmark, a conflict which Sigurd eventually won after the legendary Battle of the Brávellir, where it is said that Odin himself intervened and killed Harald. In the Sagas Sigurd is also known for being the father of the Norse Viking hero and legendary king of Denmark and SwedenRagnar Lodbrok. According to Bósa saga ok Herrauds, there was once a saga on Sigurd Ring, but this saga is now lost.[3] [4]

Contents

Hervarar saga[edit]

The Hervarar saga tells that when the Danish tributary king Valdar died, his son Randver became the king of Denmark, while his older brother Harald Wartooth took royal titles in Gautland. Then Harald subjugated all the territories once ruled by his maternal grandfather Ivar Vidfamne (Sweden, Denmark, CuroniaSaxonyEstoniaGardarikeNorthumberland). After Randver’s death in battle in England, his son Sigurd Ring became the king of Denmark, presumably as the subking of Harald. Sigurd Ring and Harald fought the Battle of the Brávellir (Bråvalla) on the plains of Östergötland where Harald and many of his men died. Sigurd Ring ruled Denmark until his death and was succeeded by his son Ragnar Lodbrok. Harald Wartooth, however, had a son called Eysteinn Illruler who ruled Sweden until he was killed by Björn Ironside, a son of Ragnar Lodbrok.[5]

Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum[edit]

In Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum, Ring (mostly mentioned without the name element Sigurd) is the paternal nephew of the Danish king Harald Wartooth, and presumably (the part of Sögubrot where this would have been narrated expressly has not been preserved) the son of Randver, who in his turn is the son of Harald’s mother Auðr the Deep-Minded and her husband king Raðbarðr of GardarikiHarald Wartooth was beginning to feel old, so he made Ring the king of Uppland, with the commission to rule Sweden and Västergötland. When Harald reached the extraordinary age of 150, he desired to die like a king in battle, and therefore challenged Ring to meet him in the field. Ring gathered manpower from Sweden, Västergötland and Norway and marched his troops by land and sea to the plain of Brávellir beneath the forest of Kolmården, close to the Bråviken bay. There he was met by the multi-ethic army of Harald, and the colossal Battle of Brávellir followed. In the end Ring beat his uncle, who was bludgeoned to death in the desperate fighting, and became the ruler of Denmark as well. He put an jarl in charge of Skåne and made a shieldmaiden the ruler of the rest of Denmark (cf. Chronicon Lethrense, below).[6]

Sigurd Ring (as he is now called in the text) married Alfhild, the daughter of King Gandalf Alfgeirsson of Vingulmark and their son was Ragnar Lodbrok. As Sigurd grew old, distant parts of his realm began to secede, and it is told how he lost territory in England due to old age. A certain Adalbrikt (Æthelberht) took possession of Northumbria and was succeeded by his sons Ama and Ælla. One day, Sigurd was in Västergötland and was visited by his in-laws, the sons of Gandalf. They asked him to join them in attacking king Eysteinn of Vestfold in Norway. In Vestfold, there were great blóts held at Skiringssal. Unfortunately, Sögubrot (meaning the “fragment”) ends there. However, the Skjöldunga saga is believed to be the original story on which Sögubrot is based and it continues the story (see below).[7]

Olaf Tryggvason’s saga[edit]

According to the extended Saga of Olaf Tryggvason, Sigurd Ring, after having stabilized his Swedish-Danish realm, recalled the lands in England once ruled by Harald Wartooth and Ivar Vidfamne. This territory was now ruled by Ingjald (Ingild), a brother of King Peter of Wessex and a mighty ruler in his own right. Ring therefore summoned the leiðangr and sailed to the west, reaching Northumbria. As Ingjald learned about the invasion, he gathered an army. In the ensuing battle, Ingjald and his son Ubbe (Eoppa) fell with a large part of their army. Ring now subordinated Northumbria and made Olaf Kinriksson tributary king. He was a grandnephew of Moald Digra, the mother of Ivar Vidfamne. Ring sailed back to his Nordic kingdom and Olaf reigned for a long time. Then, however, Eava (Eafa), the son of Ubbe, claimed the kingdom. Olaf was defeated and fled to his suzerain in Svíþióð. As compensation, Ring installed Olaf as sub-king in Jutland. As such he served Ring and later Ragnar Lodbrok. His descendants Grim, Audulf and Gorm (I) the Childless also ruled in Jutland. Gorm I adopted the foundling Knud, whose son Gorm II was the foster father of Hardeknud I, ancestor of the later Danish kings.[8] The saga refers to names found in Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies, ancestors of Ecgberht, King of Wessex.[9]

Skjöldunga saga[edit]

The Skjöldunga saga tells that Sigurd Ring was married to Alfhild, the daughter of king Alf of Alfheim, and their son was Ragnar Lodbrok. Unfortunately, Alfhild died. When Sigurd Ring was an old man, he came to Skiringssal to take part in the great blóts. There he spotted a very beautiful girl named Alfsol, and she was the daughter of King Alf of Vendel (Vendel). The girl’s two brothers refused to allow Sigurd to marry her. Sigurd fought with the brothers and killed them, but their sister had been given poison by her brothers so that Sigurd could never have her. When her corpse was carried to Sigurd, he went aboard a large ship where he placed Alvsol and her brothers. Then, he steered the ship with full sails out on the sea, as the ship burnt.[10]

Ragnar Lodbrok succeeded his father, but put a subking on the throne of Sweden, king Eysteinn Beli, who later was killed by Ragnar’s sons.

Gesta Danorum[edit]

According to Gesta Danorum (book 7), by Saxo Grammaticus, Ring was the son of the Swedish king Ingjald and the maternal nephew of the Danish king Harald Wartooth. His father Ingjald had ravished the sister of Harald, resulting in an indecisive spate of warfare. In the end Harald accepted the abduction in order preserve the friendship with Ingjald.[11] Ring fought with Harald Wartooth in the Battle of the Brávellir and became the overlord of Denmark as well. He appointed his cousin Ale the Strong as sub-king in Skåne while entrusting the shieldmaiden Hetha with the rest of the Danish lands.[12] Saxo then describes the different subkings and their adventures. Fourteen Danish kings later, in book 9, Saxo presents a Sigurd Ring as Siwardus, surnamed Ring. This king, however, bears no resemblance to the victor of Brávellir. Rather, he is the son of a Norwegian chief Sigurd and the maternal grandson of the historical King Götrik (i.e. Gudfred, d. 810). Backed by the men of Zealand and Skåne, he fights a civil war against his cousin Ring. As the two rivals join battle, they both fall. Sigurd Ring is the father of Ragnar Lodbrok who has been brought up in Norway during the civil war, but is now hailed as Danish ruler.[13]

Other sources[edit]

According to Hversu Noregr byggdist, Sigurd Ring is the son of Randver, the uterine brother of Harald Wartooth. Randver is the son of Raðbarðr while Harald is the son of Hrærekr slöngvanbaugi.[14]

In the part of the Heimskringla called the Saga of Harald Fairhair, Harald Fairhair learns that the Swedish king Erik Eymundsson had enlarged Sweden westwards, until it reached the same extent as it had during king Sigurd Ring and his son Ragnar Lodbrok. This included RomerikeWestfold all the way to Grenmar, and Vingulmark.[15]

In Ragnar Lodbrok‘s saga, it is mentioned that Sigurd Ring and Harald Wartooth fought in the Battle of the Brávellir and that Harald fell. After the battle Sigurd Ring was the king of Denmark, and he was the father of Ragnar Lodbrok.[16]

Ragnarssona þáttr only states that Ring was the king of Sweden and Denmark, and the father of Ragnar Lodbrok.[17]

In Bósa saga ok Herrauds, it is only said that Sigurd Ring, the father of Ragnar Lodbrok fought with Harald Wartooth at the Battle of the Brávellir where Harald died. It adds that there was a saga on Sigurd Ring (which today no longer exists).[18]

According to the Chronicon Lethrense, Harald Wartooth had made all the countries down to the Mediterranean pay tribute. However, when he went to Sweden to demand tribute, the Swedish king Ring met him at the Battle of the Brávellir, and Harald lost and died. Ring made a shieldmaiden the ruler of Denmark (cf. Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum, above).[19]

Gríms saga loðinkinna and the younger version of Orvar-Odd’s saga only mention Sigurd Ring in a few lines relating to the Battle of the Brávellir with Harald Wartooth.[20]

In Norna-Gests þáttr, it is said that Sigurd Ring was very old when he sent his son-in-law, the son of Gandalf, to request the GjukungsGunnar and Högne to pay tribute. This was promptly refused. The sons of Gandalf then asked Sigurd Ring to help them fight against the Gjukungs and their renowned ally Sigurd Fafnisbani. Sigurd Ring could not help them in person, as he was busy fighting against ravaging Curonians and Kœnir.[21] Battle was joined in Holstein but turned into a defeat for the Norse army, since Sigurd Fanisbane made the Norse champion Starkad flee in panic.[22]

Historical origins[edit]

It has been suggested that a report of a struggle for the Danish crown may have given rise to the legend of Sigurd Ring. Following the death of Hemming in 812, a civil war broke out between his brother or cousin Sigifridus and Anulo. This Anulo was the nephew or grandson (nepos) of an earlier king Harald. The rivals fought a battle for the succession in which both were killed.[23] The names Sigfred and Sigurd were often conflated in medieval texts. As for Anulo, the name might originally represent Old Norse Ánleifr or Áli, though it was misunderstood by medieval Scandinavian chroniclers as Latin annulus which means ring.[24] Saxo Grammaticus and some other medieval compilers of king lists clearly combine the names Sigfred/Sigurd and Anulo/Ring into one person, having received knowledge of 9th century historical events from the chronicle of Adam of Bremen (c. 1075). Their historical successor Ragnfred (r. 812-813) is mixed up by Saxo with the Viking leader Ragnar Lodbrok, who is identified as the son of Sigurd Ring.[25] The Danish list of early Viking Age kings is therefore in part a High Medieval construction.[26]

One possibility is thus that the struggle of 812 is reflected in the legendary Battle of the Brávellir, fought by Sigurd Ring, nephew of Harald Wartooth.[27] Other scholars have suggested that the original name of the ruler was Ring, that he was a historical king of the Swedes, and that he won a battle against a Danish or East Geatic host in the 8th century.[28] Still others regard the battle as mythical or purely legendary.[29] Modern Swedish historians are skeptical to the prospects of establishing a chronology from the information of the High Medieval saga literature, and generally decline to discuss the possible historicity of Sigurd Ring or the Brávellir battle.[30]

The name Ring occurs in the royal Swedish clan in the Viking Age, since the ecclesiastic chronicle of Adam of Bremen (c. 1075) says that a ruler in the first half of the 10th century bore that name.[31]

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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