John Fremont First to Emancipate Slaves

John Fremont authored a proclamation that set free the slaves of Missouri and drew a line in the sand against the slave masters who authored the runaway slave act.

As I foretold, religious men are holding a tribunal over contraception, they not allowing a woman to testify. There are no women being heard. However, Sarah Palin’s voice rings out, and like Michelle Bachman, they overlook the Fremonts, and point to our Founding Fathers as the ones whose dream is allegedly being trampled on.

When Jessie declared her support of the Abolitionists, her close kindred in the South stopped communicating with her. They snubbed her for the rest of her life. A woman of courage has not been found amongst the Republicans – hence!

It was no mistake that my rejection by my minister led me to discover the Shembe Nazarite.
This alleged man of God said this on a sunny Sunday i 1987, in front of his flock;

“I wish the Russians would nuke San Francisco and kill all the homosexuals!”

It was all I could to keep my mouth shut, and not stand up and say;

“Gary, there are some very famous Christian churches in San Francisco.”

These religious fanatics are trying to bring down the Federal Government so they can get to the gays. Then there was 911 – and the Civil War!

Jon Presco

Appearing on Fox News’ “On The Record With Great Van Susteren” last night, half term former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin attacked President Obama’s plan to mandate that religious employers must include contraception in their health insurance plans (video below).

Palin said: “This is an un-American act of our president. Anything that would so blatantly violate an amendment within the United States Constitution is un-American. We’re rising up on this one.”

By 1843, several hundred slaves a year were successfully escaping to the North, making slavery an unstable institution in the border states.[2]

The earlier Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 was a Federal law which was written with the intention of enforcing Article 4, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which required the return of runaway slaves. It sought to force the authorities in free states to return fugitive slaves to their masters.

Many Northern states sought to circumvent the Fugitive Slave Act. Some jurisdictions passed “personal liberty laws”, mandating a jury trial before alleged fugitive slaves could be moved and others forbade the use of local jails or the assistance of state officials in the arrest or return of alleged fugitive slaves. In some cases, juries refused to convict individuals who had been indicted under the Federal law.

The Missouri Supreme Court routinely held that voluntary transportation of slaves into free states, with the intent of residing there permanently or definitely, automatically made them free.[3] The Fugitive Slave Law dealt with slaves who went into free states without their master’s consent. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled, in Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842), that states did not have to offer aid in the hunting or recapture of slaves, greatly weakening the law of 1793.

WASHINGTON (AP) — Religious leaders told a House panel Thursday the Obama administration was violating basic rights to religious freedom with its policies for requiring that employees of religion-affiliated institutions have access to birth control coverage.

But while the two sides may be battling over why women weren’t invited to the hearing and whether this is an issue about women’s rights or religious freedom, there is an even bigger issue at stake: the lack of women leaders in these institutions. The morning panel was composed of religious leaders and professors on ethics and religion: Rev. William Lori, Roman Catholic bishop of Bridgeport, Conn.; Rev. Matthew Harrison, the president of the Lutheran Church in Missouri; Ben Mitchell, a professor of moral philosophy at Union University; Rabbi Meir Solveichik, from Yeshiva University; and Craig Mitchell, a professor of ethics at the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.

It’s unfortunately not surprising that there weren’t many women invited to such a panel—Roman Catholic priests cannot be women, of course, and women cannot be ordained as Orthodox Jews and are a minority of rabbis in other movements. And while there are certainly female professors of ethics and philosophy, women continue to be a minority in the academic world as well. A 2011 Catalyst study found that just 24 percent of tenured full professors in U.S. higher educational institutions are women and that just 38 percent of associate professors are female.

On August 30, 1861, Union General John C. Fremont issued an order that included the emancipation of all slaves in Missouri whose owners who did not swear loyalty to the Union. The military order exceeded the scope of the First Confiscation Act, enacted by Congress earlier that month, which only mandated the freeing of slaves who had been used in the Confederate war effort and whose masters were disloyal to the Union. Although Missouri was technically in the Union, the Border State was a bloody battleground at the time between Union and Confederate forces.

An editorial in the Harper’s Weekly issue dated September 14, 1861 (published on September 4) supported Fremont’s policy. With the dramatic title, “The Beginning of the End,” the commentator (probably managing editor John Bonner) pointed out that the practical effect of Fremont’s order would not free many slaves, but it would send an important message to other slaveholding states. The editorialist argued that Fremont’s authority was based not on the (First) Confiscation Act but on “the war power,” and cited John Quincy Adams—the former president, secretary of state, and congressman—for a definition of it.

However, President Lincoln feared that Fremont’s emancipation order would provoke anti-Union sentiment in Missouri and other Border States (slave states that had not seceded), where attachment to the Union was uncertain in the early phase of the war. For those reasons, Lincoln asked Fremont to modify his order to comply with congressional legislation. When the general refused, the president rescinded the emancipation order on September 11, 1861. Lincoln’s letter to Fremont appeared in the September 28, 1861 issue (published September 18). (Several times over the following months, Lincoln urged the Border States to emancipate their slaves by state law.)

GENERAL FREMONT’S PROCLAMATION.

The following Proclamation was issued on 31st ult., at
St. Louis:

“Head-quarters of the Western Department,
“St. Louis, August 31, 1861.

“Circumstances, in my judgment of sufficient urgency,
render it necessary that the Commanding General of this
Department should assume the administrative powers of
the State. Its disorganized condition, the helplessness of
the civil authority, the total insecurity of life, and the de-
vastation of property by bands of murderers and marauders
who infest nearly every county in the State and avail them-
selves of the public misfortunes and the vicinity of a hos-
tile force to gratify private and neighborhood vengeance,
and who find an enemy wherever they find plunder, finally
demand the severest measure to repress the daily increas-
ing crimes and outrages which are driving off the inhabit-
ants and ruining the State. In this condition the public
safety and the success of our arms require unity of pur-
pose, without let or hindrance, to the prompt administra-
tion of affairs.

“In order, therefore, to suppress disorders, to maintain
as far as now practicable the public peace, and to give se-
curity and protection to the persons and property of loyal
citizens, I do hereby extend, and declare established, mar-
tial law throughout the State of Missouri. The lines of
the army of occupation in this State are for the present de-
clared to extend from Leavenworth by way of the posts of
Jefferson City, Rolla, and Ironton, to Cape Giradeau on the
Mississippi River.

“All persons who shall be taken with arms in their
hands within these lines shall be tried by court-martial,
and, if found guilty, will be shot. The property, real and
personal, of all persons in the State of Missouri who shall
take up arms against the United States, and who shall be
directly proven to have taken active part with their en-
emies in the field, is declared to be confiscated to the pub-
lic use; and their slaves, if any they have, are hereby
declared free.

“All persons who shall be proven to have destroyed,
after the publication of this order, railroad tracks, bridges,
or telegraphs, shall suffer the extreme penalty of the law.

“All persons engaged in treasonable correspondence, in
giving or procuring aid to the enemies of the United States,
in disturbing the public tranquility by creating and circu-
lating false reports or incendiary documents, are in their
own interest warned that they are exposing themselves.

“All persons who have been led away from their al-
legiance are required to return to their homes forthwith;
any such absence without sufficient cause will be held to
be presumptive evidence against them.

“The object of this declaration is to place in the hands
of the military authorities the power to give instantaneous
effect to existing laws, and to supply such deficiencies as
the conditions of war demand. But it is not intended to
suspend the ordinary tribunals of the country, where the
law will be administered by the civil officers in the usual
manner and with their customary authority, while the
same can be peaceably exercised.

“The Commanding General will labor vigilantly for the
public welfare, and in his efforts for their safety hopes to
obtain not only the acquiescence, but the active support
of the people of the country.
J. C. Fremont,

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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1 Response to John Fremont First to Emancipate Slaves

  1. Reblogged this on rosamondpress and commented:

    I tried to save the cottage Ken Kesey lived in when he went to the University of Oregon. I made calls and got a runaround. I had so much on my plate. I thought about finding a student who could help me. Maybe Stave at the New Zone gallery knew of someone. I was on my way there, when I saw a crowd in Ken Kesey Square. I entered with my camera going. https://rosamondpress.com/2015/09/02/the-columbia-street-grail/

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