King Arthur and The Sword of Roses

The Sword of Roses


John Presco

Copyright 2021

Around 4:30 P.M. after posting on John Steinbecks ‘The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights’ I wondered why King Haakon was wearning a flowery wreath. I began to dig deeper. Within minutes, I realized I had pulled The Sword from the stone, when I found the three Romances the wife of the King of Norway had compiled and composed. Eupehemia owned one of the larget libraires in Europe. I believe she saw her husband as the hero of ‘Floris and Blanchfleur’. Was he also ‘Ywain’?

I could not believe what I was reading. I wondered if Steinbeck had found Euphemia and her Arthurian Romances. I doubt it, because his enthusiasm would have bid him to write several books on this amazing woman and her family that is tied the House of Rosensverd, meaning

The House of the Sword of Roses

I have found a Royal Rose Line! I am liberated from the madness that has surrounded my life, and all but consumed me. I own……The Rose Sword!

How did I find the Rose Sword. In talking about Renne’s Le Hoax with an old friend and member of that vanished egroup, he mentioned that John Steinbeck had written about King Arthur, and there is a display at his little museum. I google Arthur and Steinbeck and read the Tortilla Flat was a Grail book, where the characters are Arthurian. I am blown away. Here are the three Romances of Euphemia, titled ‘The Eugemiavisorna’. John went to England and styed in a cottage near REDLYNCH. This name caught my eye. Euphemia died here. She lie here waiting for her knight to come. John – came near! Then, the other John – arrived! Percival!

The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights – Wikipedia

Eureka! I own the History of the Salinas and Monterey – including Carmel – where my brother-in-law worked in The Rosamond Gallery. Garth Benton is the third cousin of the artist, Thomas Hart Benton, who illustrated John’s ‘Grapes of Wrath’. My family is officially a Grail Family. I told my newfound daughter, I am a Grail Scholar, when we first met in 2001, when she was sixteen. She did not believe me. She had – help!

I will open a New Rosamond Gallery of Carmel!

Floris and White Flower is a subject I have posted on.

John ‘Grail Scholar’

Robert Brevoort Buck and The Davinci Code | Rosamond Press

In 1458, 16 years after King Erik was deposed by the coup in 1442 by the hard-pressed Norwegian Riksrådet, the brothers Niels and Sjøfar Siggurdsson of Rosensverd, visited King Erik in his exile at Rygenwalde Castle, in Darlowo, where the brothers Rosensverd, and “these , their real children, offspring and relatives, one after the other” was awarded one of Norway’s oldest letters of nobility for himself and all his descendants, whereupon these were awarded” Shield, Helmet, Salvation and Freedom “and were further appointed and given the titles of King`s Thanes and The Hird (Håndgangne Men), along with all their married descendants and their families again, to the end of time [5]. (“Konungers Thienner oc Handgenger Mend” Bartholdy`s utgave).

Euphemia – Wikipedia

Eufemiavisorna – Wikipedia

The Eufemiavisorna are a group of three medieval romances translated into medieval SwedishHerr Ivan lejonriddaren (1303), Hertig Fredrik av Normandie (1301 or 1308), and Flores och Blanzeflor (probably 1312). They are known in Swedish (and generally in English) as the Eufemiavisorna, ‘the Euphemia poems’ (or, without the definite article, the Eufemiavisor) or, less commonly, Eufemiaromanerna, ‘the Euphemia romances’; they are known in Norwegian (bokmål) as the Eufemiavisene and in Danish as Eufemiaviserne. The romances are an early example of the poetic form known as Knittelvers; are the first known Scandinavian renderings of Continental European chivalric romance in verse; and are one of the first major works of literature in Swedish.[1]

Haakon V of Norway – Wikipedia

Ingeborg was born as the only legitimate daughter of King Håkon V of Norway from his marriage with Euphemia of Rügen. As a child, she was first betrothed to Magnus Birgerson, the son and designated heir of Birger, King of Sweden. Soon afterwards the engagement was however broken for altered political reasons, and in 1305 she was betrothed to Eric, Duke of Södermanland, a younger brother of King Birger, thus uncle of her first betrothed. In 1312, Ingeborg and Eric were formally married in a double wedding in Oslo; at the same time, her cousin Ingeborg Eriksdottir of Norway, married Eric’s brother duke Valdemar Magnusson. At her wedding, her mother Queen Euphemia had published the recently translated (by her command) famous poems, the Euphemia songs. The couple had two children before Duke Eric was murdered.

In 1336, Ingeborg welcomed her daughter Euphemia and her son-in-law Albert of Mecklenburg, Rudolf I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Henry of Holstein with her own fleet to the coronation of her son and his wife in Stockholm. In 1341, Ingeborg and the counts Henry and Claus of Holstein went to war against Valdemar of Schleswig, John of Holstein and the Hanseatic league in Denmark. Ingeborg was residing at Kalundborg in Denmark at the time and was attacked by King Valdemar IV there; after two years of alternating conflicts and agreements the matter was settled against King Valdemar, who however regained Copenhagen Castle.[3] King Magnus sealed the peace by telling Valdemar to keep the promise he had made to Ingeborg in the peace treaty. In 1350, she inherited the title and position of Duke of Halland from her younger son.

Children and family[edit]

With Eric, Duke of Södermanland, Ingeborg had two children:

With Canute PorseDuke of Halland and Estonia, Ingeborg had three children:

  • Haakon, Duke of Halland, died 1350
  • Canute, Duke of Halland, died 1350
  • Birgitta,[4] married Jon Hafthorsson and had issue

Euphemia was born in 1317 to Eric Magnusson (b. c. 1282-1318), Duke of Södermanland, second son of King Magnus I of Sweden, and Princess Ingeborg of Norway (1300–1360), the heiress and the only legitimate daughter of King Haakon V of Norway (1270– 1319).[2]

In 1319, her infant elder brother Magnus VII of Norway (1316–1374) succeeded their maternal grandfather to the throne of Norway. That same year, Swedish nobles exiled their uncle, King Birger of Sweden, after which the infant Magnus was elected King of Sweden. Their mother Ingeborg had a seat in the guardian government as well as the position of an independent ruler of her own fiefs, and played an important part during their childhood and adolescence.[3]


Roos af Hjelmsäter – Wikipedia

Roos af Hjelmsäter is a Swedish noble family of Norwegian noble and royal origin. It is among the few of Norway‘s medieval noble families still living.[1][2]

Valgerd Gudbrandsdatter Rosensverd (List) (1340 – 1380) – Genealogy (

Haakon Jonsson Rose, til Sudrheim (c.1330 – c.1391) – Genealogy (

House of Rosensverd in Norway

Jon Havtoresson’s second son, Ulv Jonsson Rose [2] (Roos) of Suderheim, married Margrete Pedersdotter Bonde.

Ulv Jonsson and Margrete Pedersdatter Bonde had a daughter Aasa Ulfsdatter [3]. Aasa Ullfsdatter [4] was thus the great-great-grandson of King Haakon V Magnusson [3], the grandson of Jon Havtoresson and the niece of Ulv’s brother, Siggurd Jonsson.

Aasa Ulfsdatter married Olav Torsteinson of Gyldenhorn [3]

Aasa Ulfsdatter inherited Elingård which she owned until her death in 1433.

Aasa Ulfsdatter and Olav Torsteinson of Gyldenhorn [3] had a daughter Birgitte Olavsdatter of Gyldenhorn.

Birgitte Olavsdatter av Gyldenhorn [3] married Siggurd Sjøfarson [3] af Rosensverd.

Birgitta Olavsdatter of Gyldenhorn and Siggurd Sjøfarson of Rosensverd, had the sons Sjøfar Siggurdson of Rosensverd and Niels Sjøfarson of Rosensverd. Sjøfar Siggurdson of Rosensverd, his brother Niels and their cousin Gudbrand Rolfsson, canon at Mariakirken in Oslo remained loyal to King Erik of Pomerania all his life [5].

In 1458, 16 years after King Erik was deposed by the coup in 1442 by the hard-pressed Norwegian Riksrådet, the brothers Niels and Sjøfar Siggurdsson of Rosensverd, visited King Erik in his exile at Rygenwalde Castle, in Darlowo, where the brothers Rosensverd, and “these , their real children, offspring and relatives, one after the other” was awarded one of Norway’s oldest letters of nobility for himself and all his descendants, whereupon these were awarded” Shield, Helmet, Salvation and Freedom “and were further appointed and given the titles of King`s Thanes and The Hird (Håndgangne Men), along with all their married descendants and their families again, to the end of time [5]. (“Konungers Thienner oc Handgenger Mend” Bartholdy`s utgave).

Ulv Jonsson Rose (Roos) is thus the great-grandfather of the Norwegian noble family and the royal family Rosensverd, one of the very few living Norwegian royal families descended from both the Norse Norwegian kings and other European royal houses [4], at the same time as they are also one of the Norwegian both noble families and patent noble families. .

Knut Alvsonn, of the Swedish Tre Rosor noble family, was the great-grandson of Sigurd Jonson’s sister He was a Royal Councillor of Norway, and holder of vast landed properties around Norway, having inherited such from his Giske-Bjarkoy-Sudreim ancestors. Knut Alvsonn was a personal enemy of Lord Henrich Krummedige, Danish royal governor in Norway. That made him somewhat an opponent of the union; and he was an ally of Sweden’s anti-unionist Regent Sten Sture the Elder. Knut Alvsonn is said to have built a basis to grab the Norwegian throne, starting in the late 15th century. He started an open rebellion against King John of Denmark, took some Norwegian castles, but was killed in 1502 by King Johns’ minions.[6]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchFor other uses, see Ywain (disambiguation).

Howard Pyle‘s illustration from The Story of Sir Launcelot and His Companions (1907)
First appearanceHistoria Regum Britanniae
Created byGeoffrey of Monmouth
Based onOwain mab Urien
In-universe information
TitlePrince, Sir
OccupationKnight of the Round Table
NationalityCeltic Briton

Sir Ywain /ɪˈweɪn/, also known as YvainOwainUwain(e), EwaineIwainIwein, etc., is a knight of the Round Table in Arthurian legend, wherein he is often the son of King Urien of Gorre and the sorceress Morgan le Fay. The historical Owain mab Urien, on whom the literary character is based, was the king of Rheged in Great Britain during the late 6th century.

Yvain was one of the earliest characters associated with King Arthur. He was also one of the most popular, starring in Chrétien de Troyes‘ late-12th-century Yvain, the Knight of the Lion and appearing prominently in many later accounts, often accompanied by his fierce pet lion. He remains Urien’s son in virtually all literature in which he appears, whereas other characters in Arthurian legend based on historical figures usually lost their original familial connections in romance literature.


Welsh tradition[edit]

Main article: Owain mab Urien

Ywain (Yvain) takes his name from Owain mab Urien, a historical figure of the 6th-century kingdom of Rheged at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain. His name was recorded in the bardic tradition of Taliesin and became a legendary character in the Welsh Triads, where his father, sister, horse and personal bard are all acclaimed but his wife Penarwan is named one of the “Three Faithless Wives of Britain”, along with her sister Esyllt (Iseult, Tristan‘s love).

Arthurian legend[edit]

Yvain’s lion coming to his aid against a giant in an illustration for Ascott R. Hope’s The Old Tales of Chivalry, Re-told (1877)

“Yriam’s” attributed arms

Yvain has been first mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth‘s Historia Regum Britanniae c. 1136, where he is only mentioned in passing, as succeeding his uncle, Auguselus, King of Albany (northern Scotland). The settlers of Brittany brought much of their insular British culture when they came to the continent, and in the 12th century, updated versions of Breton lais and stories became popular with French audiences.

The French poet Chrétien de Troyes wrote the romance Yvain, the Knight of the Lion at the same time he was working on Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart during the 1170s. In it, Yvain seeks to avenge his cousin Calogrenant who had been defeated by an otherworldly knight beside a magical storm-making fountain in the forest of Brocéliande. Yvain defeats the knight, Esclados, and falls in love with his widow Laudine. With the aid of Laudine’s servant Lunete, Yvain wins his lady and marries her, but his cousin Gawain convinces him to embark on chivalric adventure. Yvain’s wife assents but demands he return after a set period of time, but he becomes so enthralled in his knightly exploits that he forgets his lady, and she bars him from returning. Yvain goes mad with grief and lives naked in the woods (probably the earliest instance of a hero’s mental illness in French literature, which later became a popular motif[1]), but eventually is cured and decides to win back his love. A lion he rescues from a giant serpent proves to be a loyal companion and a symbol of knightly virtue, and helps him complete his quest. In the end, Laudine allows him and his lion to return to her fortress.

Yvain saving the lion from a dragon in a 15th-century French illustration for Chrétien‘s Yvain, the Knight of the Lion

Iwein (Yvain) is cured of madness in a 1851 German fresco at the Schwerin Castle in Mecklenburg

Chrétien’s Yvain had a huge impact on the literary world; German poet Hartmann von Aue used it as the basis for his Middle High German court epic Iwein, while the author of Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain, one of the Welsh Romances included in the Mabinogion, tells essentially the same story, recasting the work in a Welsh setting. The story exists in several further versions in different languages, including the Middle English Ywain and Gawain. However, the mysterious[2] 14th-century Prose Yvain is an unrelated text and not a prosification of Chrétien’s poem.

Yvain appears in all the later prose accounts of the Vulgate Cycle and the Post-Vulgate Cycle, and consequently in Malory‘s Le Morte d’Arthur, as well as in numerous independent romances. His importance is indicated by his close friendship with Gawain and the passage in the Mort Artu section of the Lancelot-Grail cycle where he is one of the last knights to die before King Arthur. Yvain’s mother is often said to be Arthur’s half-sister, making him Arthur’s nephew. This sister is Morgan le Fay in the Post-Vulgate Cycle and Le Morte d’Arthur (causing Yvain to be banished from the court of Camelot after Morgan’s attempts on Arthur’s life), but other works name another sibling. He is the nephew of Morgause and King Lot, and thus cousin to Gawain, AgravainGaherisGareth and Mordred. He has a half-brother (with whom he is often confused) named Yvain the Bastard, son of Urien and his seneschal‘s wife.

Yvain’s birth by the fay (fairy) Morgan may have its roots in Welsh legends: two of the Triads claim the goddess-like figure of Modron as his mother. Travelling through Denbighshire, Urien comes across the Ford of Barking where dogs congregate and bark for some unknown reason. Only Urien is brave enough to go near the place and there he discovers Modron, endlessly washing clothes (a scene common in Celtic legend, see Morrígan). He has his way with her, and she announces she had been destined to remain at the ford until she had conceived a son by a Christian. She tells Urien to return at the end of the year to receive his children and these are the twins Owain and Morvydd. However, Yvain is not associated with Morgan in the continental literature until the 13th-century Post-Vulgate cycle. (Morgan appears in Chrétien’s Knight of the Lion as a healer but the author does not imply she is the protagonist’s mother.) Calogrenant or Colgrevance from Knight of the Lion is his another important cousin in the romances.

In The Dream of Rhonabwy, a Welsh tale associated with the Mabinogion, Owain is one of Arthur’s top warriors and plays a game of chess against him while the Saxons prepare to fight the Battle of Badon. Three times during the game, Owain’s men inform him that Arthur’s squires have been slaughtering his ravens, but when Owain protests, Arthur simply responds, “Your move.” Then Owain’s ravens retaliate against the squires, and Owain does not stop them until Arthur crushes the chess men. The Saxon leaders arrive and ask for a truce of two weeks, and the armies move on to Cornwall. Rhonabwy, the dreamer of the Dream, awakens, and the reader is left as confused as he is. The Dream of Rhonabwy has never been satisfactorily interpreted.

Later Arthuriana[edit]

  • He appears in Child Ballad 34, Kemp Owyne, as the title hero, where his role is to disenchant a maiden turned into a dragon by kissing her three times. This story has no parallels in Arthurian legend, and it is not clear how he came to be attached to this story, although many other Arthur knights appear in other ballads with as little connection to their appearances in Arthurian legend.[3]
  • He appears in Marion Zimmer Bradley’s Mists of Avalon; but as Morgan le Fay’s foster son, not her biological son.
  • In Bernard Cornwell‘s The Winter King, Owain is the chief warlord of Uther Pendragon and the champion of Dumnonia, with no connection to Morgan whatsoever; he is depicted as an accomplished and much-feared soldier, but is morally corrupt and a war profiteer. After accepting money to massacre innocent tin miners to frame a foreign power, Arthur accuses Owain of dishonour and challenges him to a duel, in which Owain is killed.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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