Yesterday I found an article on how Confederates are honored in Brazil. A week ago, I stuck my neck out in counter-attacking a black professor who was attacking the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. I suggested the black people of the Americas form a New Liberated Nation of Brazil, and Portugal assist in this Union by paying repurations. I now suggest this begin with the return of the ‘Jews Land’ owned by the family of Francis Salvador a founder of Reformed Judaism who was elected a Representative.
Because the Con Man of the Con-Christian Republican Church is giving rise to the Confederate South, I claim in the name of the True God, the 100,000 acres that the Portuguese family owned. My Rosamond ancestors had several plantation here. The Portuguese rulers of Brazil, kept slavery alive there until 1888. They gave sanctuary to Confederate Traitors. Every black woman, man, and child needs to behold a symbol, that their enslavement is over, and all attempts to raise the South to its former glory – is at an end! To this end the Judges of the Fig Tree, and the Order of Knights Templar of Rougemont, are dedicated. The Rougemont family are kin to all the Windsors. We have a better dream for all the Americas that the Con-Christian church wants white Rapture People to rule over. Death to their Evil Con Job!
Give us this land! Give us our daily bread! Give us God’s Justice.
I suggest the building of a Liberty Ship that will take young black people on a journey to other slave lands, and to Africa, and back. They will stand on the deck, as a freed people! May the U.S.S. Constitution be a model.
Away! Away! Ye visionaries, ye lovers of Liberty and Democracy! Away!
John ‘The Nazarite’
Francis Salvador’s grandfather was a Portuguese Jew who had migrated to England from Amsterdam early in the 18th century. The family had previously secured the right to a coat of arms, perhaps in Portugal or the Netherlands. The grant issued by the College of Heralds, while not a patent of nobility, permitted the elder Salvador to call himself “gentleman.”
In 1755 the family acquired 100,000 acres of land, known henceforth as the “Jew’s Land,” in the Carolina Piedmont. That same year an earthquake destroyed the Salvadors’ holdings in Lisbon. The failure of the East India Company further depleted their assets. Hoping to recoup the family fortunes by planting indigo, young Francis Salvador set out for Carolina in 1773. He advertised for an overseer to manage the plantation and 30 slaves, but events of the American Revolution intervened.
The aroma of fried chicken and biscuits roused my appetite as the country sounds of Alison Krauss, Alan Jackson and Johnny Cash played over the loudspeakers.
This might have been a county fair back home in Tennessee, but it wasn’t. I was in a cemetery in rural Brazil, at the “Festa Confederada” – the “Confederate Party” – an annual celebration of southern U.S. heritage held each April in Santa Bárbara d’Oeste, in São Paulo state.
A sign explaining “What the Confederate Flag Really Means” in both English and Portuguese greeted the roughly 2,500 visitors – most of them white – at the entryway of the American Cemetery. Inside, women wearing Antebellum-style hoop skirts square danced with men clad in gray Confederate uniforms. Couples in T-shirts were doing the two-step.
Just outside cemetery grounds stood black activists protesting the April 28 party with signs and banners saying, “Down with the Confederate flag.”
How did an American debate about racism make its way to Brazil? That’s a tangled question I’m unraveling in my dissertation research on the history and meaning of Confederate symbols in Brazil.
The Confederacy comes to Brazil
Brazil has a long, strange relationship with the United States Confederacy.
After the Civil War ended in 1865, ending slavery in the United States, some 8,000 to 10,000 Southern soldiers and their families left the vanquished Confederacy and went to Brazil.
There, slavery was still legal. Roughly 40% of the nearly 11 million Africans forcibly brought across the Atlantic between 1517 and 1867 went to work on sugarcane plantations in Brazil. It was the last country in the Western Hemisphere to formally abolish slavery, in 1888 – 23 years after the United States.
Legal slavery may have been a draw for the Confederate soldiers who migrated to Brazil after abolition.
Brazilian political economist Célio Antonio Alcântara Silva analyzed letters sent to Brazilian consulates and vice-consulates in the United States at the end of the Civil War and found that 74% of Southerners inquiring about emigration were slaveowners.
At the time, 25% of white Southern households owned slaves. That means the people interested in moving to Brazil in the 1860s disproportionately represented a relatively small, slaveholding slice of the free Southern population.
Because the exact number of Confederate families that migrated to Brazil is unknown, it is impossible to state with certainty how many rejoined the slave trade upon arrival. Silva’s research finds records of 54 Confederate families that purchased, in total, 536 enslaved Africans in Brazil.
In one, an American named Charles Gunter wrote about his desire to purchase enslaved people in Brazil at a lower price than he could in the U.S. Another Confederado, James Gaston, expressed disappointment that he couldn’t bring recently freed African Americans to Brazil.