History of Dutch New York

The History of New York

I have listened to the first seven section of Washington Irving’s The History of New York’ and I am amazed! After booking a flight to New York, I considered hopping over to Holland to find the Rosemont cote of arms on the back of one of the chairs in the House of the Swan Brethren.

Washington Irving finds himself in the library of John Cook, who may be a fictional character, or, he may be Henry Brevoort who had a rare library, much of it about Dutch history. Cook gives Washington two books to read that are the foundation of his history; ‘The Heidelberg Catechism, and, the Dutch history compiled by Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck.

Above is the title pages of two books on the Confessionals, by my ancestor, Gottschalk Rosemondt, and the other, the Heidleberg Catechism. Both have a cote of Arms. One is the cote of arms of Karl Von Habsburg, and the other, the Princes of the Palatinate, from who would rise The Winter King and Queen of Bohemia – and the Battle of White Mountian!

https://renaissancebooks.wordpress.com/

No sooner did I write my last paragraph, they are awake! They are at ready to TAKE BACK AMERICA from the Dark Lord of New York Tower who is backed by the false evangelical cosmology who claim America as their own via the Jesus of our Founding Fathers. But, the Dutch, and their Reformation, was here first. With the Confessional of Rosemondt, I now own religious permission to defeat the minion of John Darby.

The History of New York would make a great movie or T.V. series.

Captain Deidrich Knickerbocker

Captain of the Oaktree

Copyright 2017

“Rosemondt was less dogmatic than most inquisitors and his writings have been compared with those of Erasmus. He was also known as an eloquent vicar and friend of the Dutch Pope Adrian VI.”

In 1641, van der Donck sailed to the New World aboard Den Eykenboom (The Oak Tree). He was immediately impressed by the land, which, in contrast with the Netherlands, was thickly forested, hilly, and full of wildlife. Once in his post, he attracted the ire of Van Rensselaer with his independence. This manifested itself first when the schout selected one of the patroon’s finest stallions for himself and then decided that his appointed farm was poorly chosen and simply picked another site.[3]

In return for this favor, Kieft granted van der Donck 24,000 acres (97 km2) on the mainland north of Manhattan in 1646.[10] He named the estate Colen Donck and built several mills along what is now called Saw Mill River. The estate was so large that locals referred to him as the Jonkheer (“young gentleman” or “squire”), a word from which the name “Yonkers” is derived. By this time, van der Donck had already married the Englishwoman Mary Doughty, whose father had lost his land after irking Kieft.

The Heidelberg Catechism (1563), one of the Three Forms of Unity, is a Protestant confessional document taking the form of a series of questions and answers, for use in teaching Reformed Christian doctrine. It was written in 1563 in Heidelberg, present-day Germany. Its original title translates to Catechism, or Christian Instruction, according to the Usages of the Churches and Schools of the Electoral Palatinate. Commissioned by the prince-elector of the Electoral Palatinate, it is sometimes referred to as the “Palatinate Catechism.” It has been translated into many languages and is regarded as one of the most influential of the Reformed catechisms.

In 1619, Frederick V accepted the throne of Bohemia from the Bohemian estates. He was soon defeated by the forces of Emperor Ferdinand II at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, and Spanish and Bavarian troops soon occupied the Palatinate itself. Called “the Winter King” because his reign in Bohemia only lasted one winter, Frederick was put under the ban of the Empire in 1623. Frederick V’s territories and his position as Elector were transferred to the Catholic Duke of Bavaria, Maximilian I, of a distantly related branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Although technically Elector Palatine, he was known as the Elector of Bavaria. From 1648 he ruled in Bavaria and the Upper Palatinate alone, but retained all his Electoral dignities and the seniority of the Palatinate Electorate.

After Frederick V’s death, his wife Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, worked tirelessly to have the Palatinate restored to her family and to the Protestant cause. By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, their son, Charles Louis was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, also called “Elector Palatine”, but lower in precedence than the other electorates.

“Rare early edition of this interesting Latin work on confession by the highly respected Louvain (moderate) inquisitor and professor of theology Godschalk Rosemont. The first edition was published in May 1518, followed by an edition of March 1519 (for H.E. van Homberch), this edition, and an edition in 1525, all published by Van Hoochstraten.
Godschalc Rosemondt (1483-1526) of Eindhoven was a distinguished alumnus of Louvain where he was appointed extraordinary professor of theology in 1515 and ordinary professor in 1520. For the half-year August 1520-February 1521 he was rector of the university and it was at this time that he was in communication with Erasmus (cf. Allen Ep. 1153, 1164 & 1172), who called him in one letter: “Vir melior quam pro vulgari sorte theologorum”. Rosemondt was less dogmatic than most inquisitors and his writings have been compared with those of Erasmus. He was also known as an eloquent vicar and friend of the Dutch Pope Adrian VI.

Between 1516 and 1519 he composed many devotional works, all but the Confessionale in Dutch. The Confessionale is partially a translation of the Boecxken van der Biechten but is far more detailed and lengthy. It shares some of its content as well as its amiable tone with the Boecxken, published one year earlier. The content reflects the fact that it is intended for a better-educated reader. It is the first book in which the Summa of Thomas Aquinas is used for resolving conflicts of conscience. For his audacious statements in chapter XX, ‘De excommunicatione’ Rosemondt was rebuked by Pope Benedict XIV, who considered the book to be in discord with the views of the church. Although Rosemondt based his arguments on old concepts of Catholic clerical law, he expanded these principles to a much greater extent than the church was prepared to accept. The conrector of the Latin School at Antwerp, Levinus Linius (+1533) contributed a laudatory poem, printed on the verso of the title. Tentler considers the Confessionale as ‘A work of learning and pastoral wisdom’.

Having worked in Delft for some five years, Henrick Eckert van Homberch moved to Antwerp in 1500 and set up his business in the Huys van Delft. From then on until his death in late 1523 or early 1524 he published at that address a continuous flow of works of quite varied natures — classical authors, romances of chivalry and school books included — though chiefly with a religious content. He provided many of his editions with illustrations, and he several times exchanged woodcuts with Adriaen van Berghen, who was a personal friend. In 1503 he published the Leven ons liefs heeren Ihesu Cristi. According to both title-page and colophon this is a second edition, but no traces have been found of an earlier edition by Van Homberch. In the form of a dialogue between Man and the Scripture, the book relates the story of the life of Christ, occasionally interrupted for a short meditation or a prayer. The title-page woodcut, which depicts the Salvator Mundi, is also found in other works by the same printer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_in_the_mountain https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_White_Mountain

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blan%C3%ADk

An ancient legend says that a large army of Czech knights led by St. Wenceslas sleeps inside the mountain. The knights awaken to help the Motherland when it is in great danger. According to the legend, when this happens, Blaník’s trees will dry out but an old, dead oak tree under the mountain will turn green and a small spring by the mountain will become a river. Then during an epic battle between the Czechs and their overwhelming enemy the Blaník knights will come to their aid led by St. Wenceslas on his white horse. The enemy will retreat to Prague where they will finally be defeated. Day in the mountain is long as a year on the surface.

Joannes Godschalck ROESMONT

https://rosamondpress.com/2017/09/15/the-rose-wolf-and-erasmus/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Meadows_of_Gold https://rosamondpress.com/2012/06/23/ghiselbertus-roesmont/

Adriaen van der Donck

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Adriaen van der Donck
Adriaen van der Donck 2.jpg

Presumed portrait of Adriaen van der Donck
Born Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck
c.1618
Breda, Dutch Republic
Died 1655 or 1656
New Netherland
Alma mater Leiden University

Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck (c.1618 – 1655) was a lawyer and landowner in New Netherland after whose honorific Jonkheer the city of Yonkers, New York is named. In addition to being the first lawyer in the Dutch colony, he was a leader in the political life of New Amsterdam (modern New York City), and an activist for Dutch-style republican government in the Dutch West India Company-run trading post.[1]

Enchanted by his new homeland of New Netherland, van der Donck made detailed accounts of the land, vegetation, animals, waterways, topography, and climate. Van der Donck used this knowledge to actively promote immigration to the colony, publishing several tracts, including his influential Description of New Netherland. Charles Gehring, Director of the New Netherland Institute, has called it “the fullest account of the province, its geography, the Indians who inhabited it, and its prospects…It has been said that had it not been written in Dutch, it would have gone down as one of the great works of American colonial literature.”[2]

Van der Donck is a central figure in Russell Shorto‘s The Island at the Center of the World, which argues, based on newly translated records from the colony, that he was a great early American patriot, forgotten by history because of the eventual English conquest of New Netherland.[3]

Today, he is also recognized as a sympathetic early Native American ethnographer,[4] having learned the languages and observed many of the customs of the Mahicans and Mohawks. His descriptions of their practices are cited in many modern works, such as the 2005 book 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus.

Early life[edit]

Van der Donck was born in approximately 1618, in the town of Breda in the southern Netherlands. His family was well connected on his mother’s side, and her father, Adriaen van Bergen, was remembered as a hero for helping free Breda from Spanish forces during the course of the Eighty Years’ War.[5]

In 1638, van der Donck entered the University of Leiden as a law student. Leiden had rapidly become an intellectual center due to Dutch religious freedom and the lack of censorship. At Leiden he obtained his Doctor of both laws, that is, both civil and canon law.[5] Despite a booming Dutch economy, van der Donck decided to go to the New World. To this end, he approached the patroon Kiliaen van Rensselaer, securing a post as schout, a combination of sheriff and prosecutor, for his large, semi-independent estate, Rensselaerswijck, located near modern Albany.[6]

In New Netherland[edit]

Rensselaerswyck[edit]

In 1641, van der Donck sailed to the New World aboard Den Eykenboom (The Oak Tree). He was immediately impressed by the land, which, in contrast with the Netherlands, was thickly forested, hilly, and full of wildlife. Once in his post, he attracted the ire of Van Rensselaer with his independence. This manifested itself first when the schout selected one of the patroon’s finest stallions for himself and then decided that his appointed farm was poorly chosen and simply picked another site.[3]

The patroon expected van der Donck’s primary concern to be the colony’s profit rather than the colonists’ welfare. According to Van Rensselaer, his duty was “to seek my advantage and protect me against loss.”[3] This was to consist mainly of cracking down on the black market and catching those who ran away before their service contracts expired. Instead, van der Donck ignored Van Rensselaer’s orders when told to collect late rent from those who obviously could not pay, protested that colonists could not swear binding oaths of loyalty on behalf of their servants, and began organizing improvements to various mills and the construction of a brickyard. Van Rensselaer’s letters indicate that he became increasingly frustrated with his schout’s behavior, chiding him, “from the beginning you have acted not as officer but as director.”[8]

In his employer’s eyes, van der Donck also spent a disturbing amount of time exploring the surroundings. During these excursions, he learned a great deal about the land and its inhabitants, often neglecting his duties as schout in his eagerness to observe and document as much as he could about this new land. He met local Indians, such as the Mahicans and the Mohawks, ate their food, and became adept at their language. Van der Donck recorded their customs, beliefs, medicine, political structure, and technology in an objective and detailed way.[4]

Unsatisfied in his post and realizing the potential of the land, van der Donck eventually began to use his contacts amongst the Indians to negotiate for land in the Catskills, where he wanted to found his own colony. When Van Rensselaer learned that van der Donck sought to acquire neighboring land to his own, he snapped it up first.[9] Van der Donck’s contract as schout was not renewed when its term expired in 1644.

Early political activism[edit]

Negotiating peace with the Indians

In New Amsterdam, disgruntled colonists had been sending ineffective complaints to the Dutch West India Company about the Director-General of New Netherland, Willem Kieft, who had begun a bloody war with the Indians against the advice of the council of twelve men. Kieft’s War badly damaged relations and trade between the Indians and the Dutch, made life more dangerous for colonists living in outlying areas, and drained the colony’s resources. He exacerbated his relationship with the already financially strained colonists by enacting a tax on beaver skins and beer to fund the war.

In 1645, Kieft tried to mend relations with the Indians and asked van der Donck to assist as a guide and interpreter. At the negotiations, Kieft found himself in the awkward position of coming without the necessary gifts. Van der Donck had not informed Kieft of this important component to negotiations in advance, but happened to have brought an appropriate amount of sewant (wampum), which he loaned to Kieft.

In return for this favor, Kieft granted van der Donck 24,000 acres (97 km2) on the mainland north of Manhattan in 1646.[10] He named the estate Colen Donck and built several mills along what is now called Saw Mill River. The estate was so large that locals referred to him as the Jonkheer (“young gentleman” or “squire”), a word from which the name “Yonkers” is derived. By this time, van der Donck had already married the Englishwoman Mary Doughty, whose father had lost his land after irking Kieft.

Kieft remained out of favor with the colonists in New Amsterdam. Adriaen van der Donck stepped into this environment of political unrest and used his rhetorical legal skills to give voice to the disaffected colonists. Upon his arrival, the tone of the colonists’ petitions suddenly changed. While ostensibly putting himself at Kieft’s disposal as a lawyer and a translator, he was working with disgruntled members of the community to get Kieft recalled and convince the company of the need for a Dutch-style representative government in New Amsterdam.

The Dutch West India Company did decide to remove Kieft from his post in 1645, citing the terrible damage caused to trade by his war against the Indians. But rather than yield to the colonists’ requests for the establishment of local government, the company decided that a stronger Director-General would succeed in squelching political dissent. They chose Peter Stuyvesant. Despite this change, van der Donck continued his flurry of documents against Kieft, apparently using his example now solely to make a case for the creation of a local government.

Board of Nine[edit]

The new director-general tried to take a firm hand with the colonists — it was noted that anyone who opposed Stuyvesant “hath as much as the sun and moon against him”[11] — but eventually he had to agree to the creation of a permanent advisory board. Following a Dutch tradition, eighteen people would be elected, from whom Stuyvesant would choose nine to serve. Van der Donck was among the nine selected in December 1648, and quickly became a leading figure.[12]

Van der Donck began keeping a journal of the colonists’ many grievances against the West India Company, Kieft, and Stuyvesant,[13] planning to synthesize their complaints into a single document to be presented to the Dutch States General. When Stuyvesant got wind of this, he ordered van der Donck put under house arrest, seized his papers, and arranged his removal from the Board of Nine.[13]

Despite this, on July 26, 1649, eleven current and former members of the Nine Men signed the Petition of the Commonality of New Netherland, which requested that the States General take action to encourage economic freedom and force local government like that in the Netherlands.[12] Van der Donck was one of three men selected to travel to the Netherlands to present this request, along with a description of the colony written primarily by van der Donck entitled Remonstrance of New Netherland.[14] The latter makes the case that the colony is unusually valuable and in danger of being lost due to mismanagement under the Dutch West India Company.

Return to the Netherlands[edit]

The Jansson-Visscher map of the American Northeast first published by van der Donck

While in the Netherlands, van der Donck engaged in political and public relations campaigns in addition to organizing groups of new colonists for New Netherland. He repeatedly presented his case to the States General opposite a representative sent by Stuyvesant, Cornelis van Tienhoven.

Public relations campaign[edit]

The case before the States General was delayed because of disruptions within the Dutch government caused by William II of Orange. During this delay, van der Donck turned his attention to public relations. In 1650, he printed his Remonstrance as a pamphlet. His enthusiastic description of the land and its potential created much excitement about New Netherland; so many were suddenly eager to immigrate that ships were forced to turn away paying passengers. A Dutch West India Company director wrote, “Formerly New Netherland was never spoken of, and now heaven and earth seem to be stirred up by it and every one tries to be the first in selecting the best pieces [of land] there.”[15]

To go alongside the Remonstrance, van der Donck commissioned the Jansson-Visscher map of the colony. It showed New Netherland along the original Dutch territorial claim from Cape Hinlopen just south of the Delaware Bay at 38 degrees to the start of New England at 42 degrees and included drawings of typical Indian villages, wild game, and the town of New Amsterdam. The map itself remained the definitive map of the area for over a century, cementing many Dutch place names. It would be reprinted thirty-one times before the mid-18th century.[3]

The States General’s decision[edit]

Two pages from van der Donck’s Description of New Netherland (1655)

Apparently, van der Donck’s decision to go public paid off, because in April 1650, the States General issued a provisional order that the West India Company create a more liberal form of government to encourage emigration to the Dutch colony.[16] They produced their final decision in 1652: the Dutch West India Company was forced to order Stuyvesant to set up a municipal government. A municipal charter was enacted in New Amsterdam on February 2, 1653. The States General also drafted a letter in April 1652 demanding the recall of Stuyvesant to the Netherlands, which van der Donck would personally deliver to the Director-General.

Van der Donck prepared to return to New Amsterdam having successfully secured a liberal government for the colony without the restrictions of the Dutch West India Company and national support for emigrating colonists from the Netherlands to the colonies. He was also reinstated as President of the Board of Nine and would be a leader in the new government.

But on May 29, 1652, before van der Donck could sail for home, the First Anglo-Dutch War broke out, and his hopes for New Amsterdam suddenly and unexpectedly fell apart. The States General feared experimenting in local government in a time of war, and needed the close cooperation of the West India Company (practically a branch of the military) in the struggle, and so rescinded their decision.

Defeated, van der Donck tried to return to New Netherland but, as a demonstrated troublemaker, he was blocked from returning. In the meantime, he took a Supremus in jure degree at the University of Leiden.[17] Still eager to promote the colony, he also wrote a comprehensive description of its geography and native peoples based on material in his earlier Remonstrance. This new book was well-crafted to the interests of his audience, consisting of an analysis of European claims to New Netherland, and extensive description of Indians and their customs, a chapter on beavers, and, finally, a dialogue between a Dutch “Patriot” and a New Netherlander addressing the questions of potential colonists.[18]

Though it was finished and copyrighted by July 1653,[19] because of the war, the publication of Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant (Description of New Netherland) was delayed until 1655. The book was wildly popular, going into a second edition the very next year; however, it was not published in English until 1841, and then in a translation that eliminated subtleties and often even reversed the intended meaning,[20] so that the editor of a modern edition called the 19th century translation “inept”.[21]

Return to New Amsterdam[edit]

On May 26, 1653, the Dutch West India Company having repeatedly and firmly blocked his requests to sail, van der Donck agreed to retire from public life as the price of being allowed to return home to his family, sending the following petition to the company directors:

The undersigned, Adriaen van der Donck, humbly requests consent and passport of the Board to go to New Netherland, offering to resign the commission previously given to him as President of the community, or otherwise as its deputy, and…to accept no office whatever it may be, but rather to live in private peacefully and quietly as a common inhabitant, submitting to the orders and commands of the Company or those enacted by its director.[22]

This promise seemed to satisfy the directors, and van der Donck received permission to return to New Netherland. Giving up public office was apparently not enough, though: once home he was denied the right to continue practicing law because there was no one of “sufficient ability and the necessary qualifications…to act and plead against the said van der Donck”.[23] These restrictions seem to have not hindered his behind-the-scenes efforts: another political uprising against Stuyvesant broke out just weeks after van der Donck’s return. In December he had to petition for protection from Stuyvesant.[19]

There is no record of Adriaen van der Donck’s death, but he was alive during the summer of 1655, and a statement by Stuyvesant in early 1656 seems to indicate that he was dead. He probably died at his farm in one of a series of Indian raids in September 1655, called the Peach Tree War.[3] He was survived in New Netherland by his wife and by his parents, whom he had separately convinced to immigrate.

Legacy[edit]

Daylighted Saw Mill River in Van Der Donck Park in Getty Square neighborhood of Yonkers. Post Office to left, pedestrian bridge and Train Station ahead, and the park’s boardwalk on right.

Johnson’s translation was long recognized as “defective”[24] and even “inept”,[21] but until 2008 remained the only translation available. Nevertheless, Mariana Van Rensselaer called van der Donck’s Description of New Netherland “an exceptionally intelligent book of its kind”, especially praising its quality as a natural history monograph.[25] Its quality as an ethnography has also been praised by anthropologists and historians.[4] Thomas O’Donnell wrote,

Had he written in English rather than Dutch, his Description would certainly have won from posterity the same kind, if not the same amount, of veneration that has been bestowed on Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation. As it turned out, Van der Donck’s book was written, published, widely read, put aside, and, alas, almost forgotten long before Bradford’s book was published at all.[26]

Though the English eventually took over the colony, the city of New Amsterdam retained the municipal charter van der Donck had lobbied for, including uniquely Dutch features, such as a guarantee of free trade.[27]

These twin office peaks, 699 feet tall, have an underground shopping center at their feet. Desite changes in ownership — the buildings are now owned by City National Bank and Paul Hastings Bank — the complex remains known as ARCO Plaza. The towers were completed in 1971.

When you have been compiling your family history for twenty five years, you take great notice when some vital part of that history ends up in someone else’s pile – and they are not related to you! I speak of the California Barrel Company. I’m still trying to find out who owns this company. I suspect Seth Zachary knows, and may choose not to tell me – for reasons yet to be discovered. The actress, Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, is in my family tree. Lara Roozemond may be related to us, and all the thespians Liz bonded with. What would she think of Quibi?

https://rosamondpress.com/2013/02/13/my-letter-to-andrew-cuomo/

I was instructed to e-mail Seth Zachary, which I did. I said there was a major disconnect when it came to saving the Richfield Building. There are old buildings (in red) at the Potrero Power Plant, that are up in the air as to what will be done with them. The history of motion picture making may be bulldozed to the ground with Meg Whitman’s Quibi. We trace our ancestors to Holland. New Amsterdam is no more. New York is being stained by Cohen and his boss, whose tower is a monument to – LYING!

https://irenebrination.typepad.com/irenebrination_notes_on_a/2010/06/vena-cava-vs-zabriskie-point-.html

For over a week I have sought an explanation for what is written in the second paragraph. If I do not get an answer by Tuesday, I am going to the Big Press – and Media! Whitman was still the CEO of Hewlett Packard when she invested money in the PPP project. (HP Enterprises) I suspect the CBC  is a straw dog company created as part of a divestment, and is a tax loophole. I know next to nothing about business. There are reporters all over America, who do.

https://www.sfstation.com/2017/09/25/plans-revealed-for-enormous-waterfront-development-in-potrero/

John Presco

http://fortune.com/2018/06/22/hewlett-packard-enterprise-antonio-neri-cloud/

After the epic split, Whitman spent the remainder of her tenure divesting of parts of HPE’s business it no longer wanted, like its software business that it spun off to U.K.-based software firm Micro Focus in a deal worth about $8.8 billion.

Cleanup is currently underway at the industrial area surrounding the old Potrero Power Plant site and adjacent shoreline. Draft plans were recently created and unveiled for a 29-acre Central Waterfront site at 1201 Illinois Street (bounded by Illinois, the Bay, 22nd and 23rd Streets). This area is being prepared for over 5 million square feet of development rising up to 300 feet in height.

The project is currently funded and led by California Barrel Company, with support from Associate Capital and Meg Whitman, the CEO of HP Enterprise. The overall development would introduce up to 2,700 new housing units, 220 hotel rooms, 600,000 square feet of office space and more than 100,000 square feet of retail (including a new grocery store).

https://rosamondpress.com/2017/10/16/the-history-of-new-york/

https://rosamondpress.com/2017/09/19/the-lilly/

https://rosamondpress.com/2013/04/06/merovingian-rangers-and-rovers-of-toxandria/

Ian Fleming – Talitha Getty – Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor

I love doing Family Trees. I am a genealogist of renown, for in tracing the source of the Rosamond name to Rougemont, I have proven the Knight Templars owned the Shroud of Turin. Jean de Rougemont, is the Queen Mother of most of the Royal Habsburgs you see in the large canvas in back of me.

Twenty minutes ago I found the image of a Blue Knight on a Black Horse. It is a Frisian Horse. This horse and rider is the coat of arms of the city of Leeks in the Netherlands. This is where the artist, Willem Jilts Pol was born. That is Willem with his wife Arnoldine Adriana “Adine” Mees  below the photo of Elizabeth Taylor,  her son, Christopher Wilding, who married Aileen Getty. Now, add the artist, Christine Rosamond Benton, to this group, and you have a Art Dynasty, and the Bond Dynasty, created by Ian Fleming, who had no idea what an amazing seed he planted! That is the actor and artist, Michael Wilding, doing the portrait of a Rose. I am in love with art, poetry, and, history. I suppose I am the family historian, that can be quite the orphan. Pol’s portraits look like Liz! Connections!

I am going to post more on the quest for a Female Bond, that describes her as a kick-ass lady. Why must she have this attribute? There are four people who qualify to be both Bond genders, and that is John Paul Getty, and his wife Talitha, born, Talitha Dina Pol, and, Liz Taylor, and Richard Burton. These two men, and these two women, knew everyone, and partied like there was no tomorrow. Ian Fleming wanted Burton to play James Bond. My kindred turned down the offer. Here is Richard with his wife as an event, smoking a cigarette. How much has he had to drink? The look in Liz’s eyes, is a tell. Has anybody ever counted the drinks James takes in his movies and books?

The Rose Wolf and Erasmus

Erasmus wrote letters to Rosemondt. One letter has the Rosemondt wolf seal on it. This is about the Spanish Inquisition. and of great interest to the history of Haarlem. This is one of the greatest genealogical studies of all time.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2017

 

1153/ To Godschalk Rosemondt Louvain 18 October 1520

Gottschalk Rosemondt of Eindhoven in Northern Brabant, matriculated
at the University of Louvain on 1499 and remained there until his
death in 1526. A doctor of divinity in 1516, he succeeded in 1520 to
the chair o f theology formerly held by Jan Briart. Like Briart he
was a personal friend of the future Pope Adrian V1. His prominent
position in the theological faculty notwithstanding , he retained an
open mind towards humanists studies and a measure of sympathy for
Erasmus. This letter is addressed to him in his capacity as rector
of the university for the winter term of 1520-21 (cf Matricule de
Louvain 111-1963) It was published in the Epistolae ad diverse. In
preparation for a confrontations with the theologian Nicolass
Baechem  Egmondanus, to be held in the presence of the rector,
Erasmus launches an elaborate protest against his opponent, who had
attacked him from the pulpit of St, Peter’s church on 9 and 14
October,

ERASMUS TO THE DISTIGUISHED THEOLOGIN GODSCHALK ROSEMOND, MODERATOR
OF THE FAMOUS UNIVERSITY OF LOUVAIN, GRETTING

I have no desire to interrupt you so often with a letter, and yet it
is better for us both. We had enjoyed silence for a time from the
Frisian Domnican who put a gloss long ago on my Moria and since on
my Antibarbari, pouring every sort of rant and calummy on my name
and reputation. And he supposes he is doing right, for this reason
if no other, that I have touched on monks in what I write, although
I always refrain from the outrageous tales told of them too often –
and let us hope, without foundation – by common report, and repeated
of late at the crowded dinner table of the cardinal of Sion, and
have always avoided names of men and even of orders.

BREVOORT

John Hendricks Brevoort was the forerunner of the “self-made New
Yorker” of to-day. He started in life without a guilder, but rose to
wealth and prominence, like many another of the early Harlem
settlers, whose bouderies were many times destroyed by the Indians,
but whose courage and perseverance placed their names in the
forefront of New York’s roll of honor. Brevoort was only 14 years
old when Harlem village was first settled. He was living at that time
at Bushwick, with his father, Hendrick Jansen Van Brevoort. Their
farm was on a little eminence called Kyckuyt, or lookout. Young
Brevoort was often called Kyckuyt on this account, and is ven
mentioned on the later tax lists of Harlem as Jan Hendricks Brevoort,
alias Kyckuyt. But he discarded the nickname eventually, and,
throughout the later years of his life, maintained his proper surname,
which originated in the diocese of Utrecht, a little hamlet to the
northwest of Amersfoort.

Mr. Brevoort, it is said, was led to go to Harlem in 1675 because of
his acquaintance with Cornelis Janse Kortright. At this time Pierre
Cresson was desirous of leaving Harlem. Mr Brevoort seized the
opportunity of buying Cresson out, thus securing lot No. 5 on Jochem
Pieter’s Flat, together with lot h in the village, and No. 20 on Van
Keulen’s Hook, with meadows at Sherman’s Creek; he participated in
the Division of 1677, drawing No. 1 of the new lots shown on the map
just north of Jochem Pieter’s Flat. “Natural abilities making up in a
good degree hid lack of education, Mr. Brevoort rose to be an
overseer of the town in 1678, and was reappointed the next year. He
bore an active part in the building of the new church in 1686. In
1691 Mr. Brevoort drew lot No. 6 on Jochem Pieter’s Hills, to which,
on May 27, 1698, he added No. 7, by purchase from Jacques Tourneur.

“He was living on this property February 21, 1701, when he sold it to
Johannes Meyer.

“Mr. Brevoort was elected assistant alderman of the Outward in 1702,
and filled the same office from 1707 to 1713. He died in 1714,
leaving 4 children, among whom ws Hendrick.

“Hendrick Brevoort, after that excellent Dutch usage which gave each
son a trade, was bred a weaver, but followed farming. He married, in
1699, Maria, daughter of Hohannes

Papal College of Poor Boys

thom thom2 thom4 thom5 thom6falconc2 falconc3kastlem6

I believe I have been ordained to reconcile the split between the Protestant and Catholic religions so that God can do battle with His enemies. The Swan Brethren admitted members of the new Protestant religion. A life-size statue of William ‘The Silent’ graces the façade of their meeting hall. Godschalk Rosemondt was the executor of Pope Adrian and built ‘The Pope’s College’ as his good friend instructed. Adrian came to believe only poor boys should be raised up to rule the Vatican. He hated the excesses of the Medicis. Pope Francis is the embodiment of this humble vision that my ancestor carried forth.

My Democracy was not founded as a sanctuary for the Rich, as is the claim of the false Evangelical cosmology invented in Ireland in 1840 by John Darby. Our Democracy was grounded upon the ideal of Pope Adrian, that was inspired by the teaching of Jesus;

“The meek shall inherit the earth.”

Thomas Moore had four children that he raised after his wife died. He was made a Saint and Martyr of the Catholic Church. Erasmus mentions my ancestor, Godschalk Rosemondt, in his letter to Moore in regards to the Inquisitor, Egmondamus, who is accusing this famous Biblical scholar of being in league with Martin Luther, and thus – is guilty of heresy! Erasmus knows his life is at stake – along with his reputation.

Rosemondt is the Rector of Leuven, and the Master of the Falcon Art College. He is a good friend of Pope Adrian. Perhaps he is lurking in the background of the painting we see above, where Moore’s daughter is in distress when her father is arrested. This is the calm before the storm my ancestor is trying to prevent.

I hereby offer the history of my illustrious family, and my Biblical knowledge in defense of the President of the United States in regards to the false accusations made by Catholic Bishops in order to hurt his reputation in the coming Presidential elections.

In this Democracy we all are presumed innocent until found guilty. To be found guilty, there must be a crime. Show me the crime, or, forever hold your peace!

If there is no crime, or, breach of the Constitution, then the Catholic Church is guilty of using the pulpit to spread a political agenda. If this is the case, then the Catholic Church should loose its tax exemption, along with all Federal funding, for it appears the Catholic church is against the Federal Government while they harbour a secret agenda that should be made visible to all!

Behind every crime, there lies a motive! What motive does our President have in any attack on religion? Establish the motive, or hold your slanderous tongue: Because things have changed in the world since the Pope’s people could freely go around destroying the lives of innocent people, first with their tongues, and then with a branding iron!

“Defamation—also called calumny, vilification, traducement, slander (for transitory statements), and libel (for written, broadcast, or otherwise published words)—is the communication of a statement that makes a claim, expressly stated or implied to be factual, that may give an individual, business, product, group, government, or nation a negative image. This can be also any disparaging statement made by one person about another, which is communicated or published. It is usually a requirement that this claim be false and that the publication is communicated to someone other than the person defamed (the claimant).[1]

In law, a class action, a class suit, or a representative action is a form of lawsuit in which a large group of people collectively bring a claim to court and/or in which a class of defendants is being sued. Class actions are commonly referred to as “class action suits,” however this phrase is redundant as the historical distinction between “actions” at law and “suits” in equity is no longer recognized. This form of collective lawsuit originated in the United States and is still predominantly a U.S. phenomenon. However, in several European countries with civil law, as opposed to the Anglo-American common law system, changes have been made in recent years that allow consumer organizations to bring claims on behalf of large groups of consumers.

Jon Presco ‘The Nazarite’

“I had written to the rector of the university to protest against the
attacks made on me by Egmondamus in the pulpit and he wrote back
that if I was prepared to listen in person while he did his tale
unfold, we might perhaps come to some agreement.”

1153/ To Godschalk Rosemondt Louvain 18 October 1520

Gottschalk Rosemondt of Eindhoven in Northern Brabant, matriculated
at the University of Louvain on 1499 and remained there until his
death in 1526. A doctor of divinity in 1516, he succeeded in 1520 to
the chair o f theology formerly held by Jan Briart. Like Briart he
was a personal friend of the future Pope Adrian V1. His prominent
position in the theological faculty notwithstanding , he retained an
open
mind towards humanists studies and a measure of sympathy for
Erasmus. This letter is addressed to him in his capacity as rector
of the university for the winter term of 1520-21 (cf Matricule de
Louvain 111-1963) It was published in the Epistolae ad diverse.In
preparation for a confrontations with the theologian Nicolass
Baechem Egmondanus, to be held in the presence of the rector,
Erasmus launches an elaborate protest against his opponent, who had
attacked him from the pulpit of St, Peter’s church on 9 and 14
October,

cf Ep 1162s1162/ To Thomas More Louvain November? 1520

This letter give a spirited account between Erasmus and Nicolas
Baechem
Egmondanus before the rector of the of the university of Louvain,
Godschlak Rosemondt. Printed in the Epistle ad diverse, it was no
doubt composed with a wider public in mind; Thomas More, to whom it
is addressed, need not have been told at length an episode of which
he was himself a protagonist. Erasmus also described the
confrontation with Baecahmen in Ep 1173:29-109

ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THOMAS MORE GRETTING

The story that has reached you about my little dispute with Nicolaus
Egdmondanus in the pressed of the rector of this university is not
wholly true, and yet not quite devoid of truth; such is the way of
rumor, which likes to enhance the facts and tell the story with a
difference. Nor are he and I so much at variance that I would
willingly see him the victim of false reports. So here is the true
story, since I see that in your part of the world you are so idle
you can find time to follow the silly things we do here.

I had written to the rector of the university to protest against the
attacks made on me by Egmondamus in the pulpit and he wrote back
that if I was prepared to listen in person while he did his tale
unfold, we might perhaps come to some agreement. I replied that I
had no objection, though well aware that no lasting good would come
of it. So we met, and the rector took the chair, with me on the
right and Egmondamus on the left. This arrangement was not without
point. He knew Egmondamu’s temperament, and of me he had quite the
wrong idea: he thought I was capable of losing my temper. So he sat
between us, to keep the combatants apart. There upon the rector
opened the subject in a few words, and then, with a countenance of
wonderful and comical gravity Egmondanus began: `I have spoken ill
of no man in my sermon. If Erasmus thinks he has suffered an injury,
let him declare it, and I will answer him.’I asked him whether there
could be a more atrocious injury that to traduce an innocent man in
a public sermon with a string of lies. That roused him at once;
dropping the mask he assumed, and almost purple in the face (his
face was red already, for it was after dinner), `And why, pray, says
he. `do you traduce me in your religious books, `I replied, `your
name is never mentioned.’ Nor has your,’ he retorted, `ever been
uttered in my sermons.’

I denied that my books were religious books, for in them I set down
my down my own imaginings and write whatever come into my head – a
thing, I added, which is not allowed in the pulpit. `Beside which’,
I said’ `I have written for less about you then the facts warrant.
You have told lies about me in public, calling me a supporter of
Luther, whom I have never supported in the sense that the public
reads into your words and you mean yourself.’ By this time he was
not merely exited, he was like a madman. `No, no’, he shouted, `you
are behind the whole lot. You are the slippery customer, the double-
dealer; you can twist everything somehow by the tail.’ And he spewed
up, rather than uttered, much more of the same kind, which
glittering bile at the moment put into his head.I felt my own
hackles rising, and already let out a word which was the forerunner
of rather intemperate language, not exactly `Thou fool’ but
something of the sort that would smell worse then it sounds. But I
controlled myself instantly, thinking it better to respect my won
health ( for I was poorly) and that of the rector, who was also in
the doctor’s hands, beside which it seemed foolish and undignified
to answer a madman in his own language.. So I turned to the rector
with a smile and said,’ I could bring evidence of his outrageous
calumnies, and I could return his abuse. He calls me slippery; I
could call him in my turn a fox..1164/ To Godschalk RosemondtThis
undated letter follows Ep 1153 and Erasmus’s visit to Cologne. It
also report an event that took place on 25 November. It was
published in the Epistle ad diversoss.

ERASMUS TO THE DISTIGUISHED THEOLOGIN GODSCHALK ROSEMOND, MODERATOR
OF THE FAMOUS UNIVERSITY OF LOUVAIN, GRETTING

I have no desire to interrupt you so often with a letter, and yet it
is better for us both. We had enjoyed silence for a time from the
Frisian Domnican who put a gloss long ago on my Moria and since on
my Antibarbari, pouring every sort of rant and calummy on my name
and reputation. And he supposes he is doing right, for this reason
if no other, that I have touched on monks in what I write, although
I always refrain from the outrageous tales told of them too often –
and let us hope, without foundation – by common report, and repeated
of late at the crowded dinner table of the cardinal of Sion, and
have always avoided names of men and even of orders.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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