Nineteen years ago I sent a cryptic letter to Judge Richard Silver who presided over the divorce of Christine Rosamond Benton, and Garth Benton. It was liken to the movie ‘The War of the Roses’. How this union of artists was split, and who got what – including a child – is not known. In the real War of the Roses, several Yorkist Royals were born at Woodstock palace where King Henry built a labyrinth to keep Fair Rosamond safe from a jealous Queen Eleanor, from whom all the combatants, spring. No court of law in all this Democratic Land, hold such rosy names and words.
The White Queen is a British television drama series in ten parts, based on Philippa Gregory‘s historical novel series The Cousins’ War (The White Queen, The Red Queen, and The Kingmaker’s Daughter). The first episode was premiered on BBC One on 16 June 2013 in the United Kingdom. It was first broadcast in the United States on Starz on 9 August 2013.
The series is set against the backdrop of the Wars of the Roses and presents the story of the women involved in the protracted conflict for the throne of England. It starts in 1464; the nation has been at war for nine years fighting over who is the rightful King of England, as two sides of the same family, the House of York and the House of Lancaster, are in violent conflict over the throne. The story focuses on three women in their quest for power, as they manipulate events behind the scenes of history: Elizabeth Woodville, Margaret Beaufort, and Anne Neville. Elizabeth Woodville is the central character in the novel The White Queen, while Margaret Beaufort and Anne Neville are the focus of the novels The Red Queen and The Kingmaker’s Daughter, respectively. However, all three characters appear in all three novels that went to make up the television series.
The final episode of The White Queen was aired on 18 August 2013, and the series was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc the following day. Two days later, it was confirmed that The White Queen would not be returning for a second series. In a statement to Broadcast, the BBC stated that the show was always planned as a one-season series. In October
2013, The Telegraph reported that Starz is planning to develop a sequel miniseries called The White Princess, based on Gregory’s 2013 novel of the same name. Gregory confirmed that the project was underway in August 2015. On 7 February 2016, Gregory announced on Facebook that the sequel was officially confirmed to be in production, with the scripts being written.
The White Princess is a 2013 historical novel by Philippa Gregory, part of her series The Cousins’ War. It is the story of Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, and later wife of Henry VII and mother of Henry VIII.
In October 2013, The Telegraph reported that Starz was planning to develop a miniseries based on The White Princess. This adaptation would be a sequel to The White Queen, a 10-part 2013 television series which adapted Gregory’s novels The White Queen (2009), The Red Queen (2010) and The Kingmaker’s Daughter (2012). Production on the eight episode limited series began in June 2016.
Philippa Gregory (born 9 January 1954) is an English historical novelist who has been writing since 1987. The best known of her works is The Other Boleyn Girl (2001), which in 2002 won the Romantic Novel of the Year Award from the Romantic Novelists’ Association and has been adapted into two separate films.
Henry I of England built a hunting lodge here and in 1129 he built 7 miles (11 km) of walls to create the first enclosed park, where lions and leopards were kept. The lodge became a palace under Henry’s grandson, Henry II, who spent time here with his mistress, Rosamund Clifford.
Important events that took place at the palace include:
- The marriage of William the Lion, king of Scots to Ermengarde de Beaumont in 1186
- The signing of the Treaty of Woodstock between Henry III of England and Llewelyn the Last (1247)
- The birth of Edmund, youngest son of King Edward I of England (1301)
- The birth of Edward, the Black Prince (1330)
- The marriage of Mary Plantagenet, daughter of Edward III of England, to John V, Duke of Brittany (1361)
- Imprisonment of the future Queen Elizabeth I of England (1554–58)
Edward of Woodstock KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of King Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362–72).
He was called “Edward of Woodstock” in his early life, after his birthplace, and since the 16th century has been popularly known as the Black Prince. He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular in England during his lifetime. In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter.
Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
Isabella was the royal couple’s second child, and eldest daughter. Named after her paternal grandmother, Isabella of France, Isabella is believed to have been her father’s favourite daughter.
Born at Woodstock Palace, in Oxfordshire, on 16 June 1332, she was a baby who was much pampered by her doting parents. She slept in a gilded cradle lined with taffeta and covered with a fur blanket. Her gowns were of imported Italian silk, embroidered with jewels and fur-lined. Isabella had, along with her siblings, a household of servants which included a personal chaplain, musicians, a noble governor and governess, and three ladies-in-waiting as well as a staff of grooms, esquires, clerks, butlers, cooks, and other attendants. As a child, Isabella was sent to the household of William and Elizabeth St Omer, which also included Isabella’s older brother Edward and younger sister Joan.
Thomas was born 7 January 1355 at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire after two short-lived brothers, one of whom had also been baptised Thomas. He married Eleanor de Bohun by 1376, was given Pleshey castle in Essex, and was appointed Constable of the Realm. The younger sister of Woodstock’s wife, Mary de Bohun, was subsequently married to Henry of Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby, who later became King Henry IV of England.
The name Wars of the Roses refers to the heraldic badges associated with the two royal houses, the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster. Wars of the Roses came into common use in the nineteenth century, after the publication in 1829 of Anne of Geierstein by Sir Walter Scott. Scott based the name on a scene in William Shakespeare‘s play Henry VI, Part 1, set in the gardens of the Temple Church, where a number of noblemen and a lawyer pick red or white roses to show their loyalty to the Lancastrian or Yorkist faction respectively.
The Yorkist faction used the symbol of the white rose from early in the conflict, but the Lancastrian red rose was apparently introduced only after the victory of Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth, when it was combined with the Yorkist white rose to form the Tudor rose, which symbolised the union of the two houses; the origins of the Rose as a cognizance itself stem from Edward I‘s use of a golden rose stalked proper. Often, owing to nobles holding multiple titles, more than one badge was used: Edward IV, for example, used both his Sun in splendour as Earl of March, but also his father’s Falcon and Fetterlock as Duke of York. Badges were not always distinct; at the Battle of Barnet, Edward’s ‘sun’ was very similar to the Earl of Oxford‘s Vere star, which caused fateful confusion.
Most, but not all, of the participants in the wars wore livery badges associated with their immediate lords or patrons under the prevailing system of bastard feudalism; the wearing of livery was by now confined to those in “continuous employ of a lord”, thus excluding, for example, mercenaries. Another example: Henry Tudor’s forces at Bosworth fought under the banner of a red dragon, while the Yorkist army used Richard III’s personal device of a white boar.
Rival Houses: Lancaster and York
William the Conqueror‘s son King Henry I of England died in 1135, after his only male heir was killed aboard the White Ship. Following the White Ship disaster, England entered a period of prolonged instability known as The Anarchy. Following the ascension of Henry II Plantagenet to the throne the crown passed from father to son or brother to brother with little difficulty until 1399
The House of Lancaster was descended from John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster and the third son of Edward III. When John of Gaunt died in 1399, his son Henry of Bolingbroke deposed Richard II and assumed the Crown as Henry IV.
Anne Mortimer’s husband Richard, Earl of Cambridge
Edmund of Langley was the fourth son of Edward III, and the younger brother of John of Gaunt. He was the founder of the House of York. His son, Richard, married Anne de Mortimer. The Mortimers were members of the most powerful marcher family of the fourteenth century. They were descended from Gaunt’s older brother Lionel, the second son of Edward III .
Anne de Mortimer was the grand-daughter of Lionel’s only heir Philippa Plantagenet. He died only one year before King Richard was deposed in 1399.
Thomas of Woodstock and Richard the Second Part One are two names for an untitled, anonymous and apparently incomplete manuscript of an Elizabethan play depicting events in the reign of King Richard II. Attributions of the play to William Shakespeare have been nearly universally rejected, and it does not appear in major editions of the Shakespeare Apocrypha. The play has been often cited as a possible influence on Shakespeare’s Richard II, as well as Henry IV, Parts 1 and 2, but new dating of the text brings that relationship into question.