The MacDowell-Stewart Knox-Witherspoon Line

Stuart_1er_Lord_Ochiltree_svg garthland4charlott3 charlott5scan0008 kitty7John_Witherspoon2john-kno

Everything has changed and is now making sense. Above is a photograph of Dorothea Witherspoon and myself taken in 1971. We have just flown from Columbia South Carolina to Los Angeles. I wanted Dottie to meet my mother. We talked about getting married. I had just met about twenty members of the Witherspoon family, down South, a place I swore I would never go. However, Meher Baba’s first home in America is in South Carolina, and I wanted to see where the Avatar walked the earth. I praise the vote in this state to remove the Confederate flag. For years I have called for this, followed by “Repent!”

As it turns out Dottie and I are kin to the Stewarts and thus the Windsors. When Christine Rosamond Benton married Garth Benton, and begat Drew Benton, we became kin to the MacDowell family. Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland married Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree.

https://rosamondpress.com/2011/08/17/princess-diana-and-her-stewart-lineage/

When we pulled up to the entrance of Baba’s home in Myrtle Beach, Kitty Davy came out to greet us. She asked Dottie’s name first, and beamed brightly as she said;

“You are related the Signer Witherspoon, and John Knox!”

These men are the Scot-Irish who helped form and promote the Calvinist Presbyterian Church in England and America. The Knox, MacDowell, and Rosamond family took part in the Battle of Boyne. Their New Religion was declared a heresy. These men helped found our Democracy. This is the most religious Family Tree in the history of the United States. The Witherspoons fought under Francis Marion ‘The Swamp Fox’ as did Samuel Rosamond. Both families named their children after Francis Marion.

Dottie became a Christian and lived on the Lighthouse Ranch. I continued my secret work that was introduced by Baba when he spoke out against the use of LSD. After I saved Rena Easton, I gave her lessons about Baba on our mountain. My spiritual work with women, has been arduous. That is Kitty with her master in Venice, and, she and another woman are carrying Baba, which denotes they are The Pillars of his work. No doubt Dottie was seen as the next generation of teachers.

John Knox Witherspoon (February 15, 1723 – November 15, 1794) was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Jersey. As president of the College of New Jersey (1768-94; now Princeton University), he trained many leaders of the early nation and was the only active clergyman and the only college president to sign the Declaration.

Jessie and John Fremont appear to have named their son, Frank Preston Fremont after Francis “Frank” Preston Blair whose daughter, Elizabeth Blair, was very close to Mary Todd. Elizabeth married a cousin of General Lee. The Todd family were prominent in Kentucky where the Preston family reigned. Mary Todd was a Scarlet. Mary and Sarah McDowell, the mother of Jessie Benton, have grandfathers named Samuel McDowell. Whether they are related, needs to investigated, because Jessie and Mary are mirror images of each other, and were Flowers of the South. How they came to wed two abolitionist candidates for the Republican Party – connected to the Blair family – needs to scrutinized.

https://rosamondpress.com/2012/02/17/the-gooch-hart-benton-and-mcdowell-family/

“Our cousin, Jessie Benton Fremont, was even more than a Southern Belle. She came from a long line of aristocrats with all the cultural traits that comes with that title. From her mother’s side she learned elegance, sophistication. She was idealistic, with great passion and energy. Above all, she was… ambitious.
Her mother was spoiled rotten. Elizabeth McDowell was well bred, delicate with gentile manners. She summered at the White Sulphur Springs Resort and wintered in Richmond. Her relations were the governors, senators, and congressmen. As late as the 1880s the family still counted two senators and six congressmen. These were the uncles, cousins, and brothers. That does not include their other nobles.”

As we have seen, the McDowells were a powerful family in American history. Fortunately, there is a living McDowell genealogists who has published a massive masterpiece of research on the McDowell line. Her name is Dorothy Kelly MacDowell, and her 609 page book is titled McDowells in America, a Genealogy. It is almost impossible to read a single page without finding someone listed with a government title, from a lowly sheriff to US Senators and Congressmen. In between are the untold numbers of military officers from Lieutenants to Generals.

I believe this is the missing link in a new consciousness and unity between the Protestant Nations of Britain and the United States. I was destined to found a new church, which I did. Hubert Armstrong subscribed to British Israelism and would be amazed at this Family Tree. https://rosamondpress.com/2015/06/16/genesis-of-the-new-radio-church/

Jon Presco

President: Royal Rosamond Press Co.

Copyright 2015

http://www.meherbabatravels.com/his-close-ones/women/kitty-davy/

Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree (c.1521-1591) fought for the Scottish Reformation. His daughter married John Knox and he played a part in the defeat of Mary, Queen of Scots at the battle of Langside.

Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree

Birth: circa 1541
Methven, Perthshire, Scotland
Daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord of Methven and Janet Stewart, Countess Dowager of Sutherland
Wife of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland and Andrew Stewart, Governor of Edinburgh Castle
Mother of Margaret MacDowall of Garthland; Janet Hay; ; James Stewart; Janet Stewart, of Ochiltree and 2 others
Sister of Margaret Kennedy of Girvanmainly; Henry Stewart; Joan Campbell (Stewart) and Dorothea Stewart of Avondale
Half sister of John Gordon, 11th Earl of Sutherland; Janet Gordon-Sutherland; Beatrice Gordon-Sutherland; William Gordon-Sutherland; Alexander Gordon and 1 other

Dottie Witherspoon almost became Christine’s sister-in-law. She may have fathered my child the Seers said I had. They saw two faint leaves on my rose. A year later, my sixteen year old daghter appear in my life for the first time.

I fought with real witches on Beacon Hill, the same time I took the Mafia to court – and won! I saved Dottie from a guy who said he was a Warlock. I encouraged Dottie to stay away from drugs as I did most folks I befriended after my terrible fall on the rocks at MacLure’s Beach in 1967. Dottie descends from the Signer, John Witherspoon, and it looks like I descend from the Signer, John Hart. The Witherspoons are in the famous Preston genealogy, as is Jessie and John Fremont who founded the Republican Party. I discovered the Prestons are close kin to the Stewart family, and thus, William and Harry. I discovered the Hart family are kin to Princess Diana.

You can not BUY this family history. Many rich and conservative Americans would kill to own this history, be of this blood. But, what bounds this blood in true Democracy, is my kindred who made the simple headstone you see above. These rosy folks descend from Samuel Rosamond who was a captain in the War of Independence, and fought under Francis Marion in South Carolina. So did John Witherspoon. This is why both families named family members after Francis Marion. There is a Francis Marion Witherspoon, and a Francis Marion Rosamond.

It is fitting that I a very poor descendant of James Rosamond, who also fought alongside his brother and Marion, compile this family history, gather my ancestors together, so……..We can soar like eagles! Our wings are not made of money! They are made of courage!

We Americans have got to stop demonizing each other, and stop believing our great wealth gets us closer to God, and in turn He gives us special privileges. If a mere rock can suffice these Patriots for a headstone, then, anything is possible if we put our minds to it!
Here is the proof! These humble roses help found our Democracy!

Wake up! The whole world is beholding our dream, our work to establish Social Good for all of humanity. We have just begun! Our days of experimenting, are over. We have grown up!

Jon Presco

thorntree3 witherspoon-coat-of-arms

http://clanmckee.org/witherspoon-family-history/

http://www.williamsburgcounty.sc.gov/index.aspx?page=258

Thorntree, the plantation home of James Witherspoon (1700-1768), was built in 1749. After the death of James Witherspoon, Thorntree became the home of Gavin Witherspoon, the son of James and Elizabeth Witherspoon. During the Revolution, Tarleton with one hundred British dragoons, and a large number of Tories under Col. Elias Ball, encamped at the plantation of Gavin Witherspoon, south of the lower bridge, on Black River, early in August 1780

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/923/923-h/923-h.htm

In addition to the descents from James VII/II, Charles II, and Charles I, the Hamilton lineage of Princess Diana’s granny includes two other important royal ancestors.  Both come, yet again, via the Dukes of Richmond.

The first is from yet another line senior in descent to the current royals, via Caroline Charlotte Duchess of Schomberg & Leinster.  She was a daughter of Charles Louis, Elector Palatine (1617-1680), via his morganatic (or, bigamous) marriage to Marie Louise von Degenfield.  Charles Louis was the eldest surviving son of Elizabeth Stuart, the “Winter Queen” Bohemia and daughter of James VI/I.  (The Hanoverians, remember, descend from Charles Louis’ youngest sister, the Electress Sophia of Hanover.)

kitty3 kitty5 Declaration_independence2garthland44

 

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2011/09/12/saving-dottie-witherspoon/

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/the-witherspoons-and-rosamonds/

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~edgmon/lurrosmur.htm

http://clanirwin.org/hbonshaw.php

http://www.zimbio.com/The+Royals/articles/neOHhn6_oMN/Princess+Charlotte+Christening+See+Adorable

Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree (c.1521-1591) fought for the Scottish Reformation. His daughter married John Knox and he played a part in the defeat of Mary, Queen of Scots at the battle of Langside.

Andrew’s father, Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Avondale, exchanged his lands and title to became Lord Ochiltree. When resistance to the Catholic religion and the rule of Dowager Queen Mary of Guise began to grow, Andrew was one of the first of the Lords of the Congregation who marched towards Perth in June 1559, and joined up with the rest at Edinburgh by 1 July. Ochiltree was a signatory to the Congregation’s letters to Elizabeth I of England and William Cecil on 19 July 1559. John Knox wrote the letters, which state their whole intent was to remove superstition and “maintain the liberty this our country from the tyranny and thraldom of strangers.” Cecil replied mentioning the example of the polity of Denmark, and wondering what place the Hamiltons, the former Duke of Châtelherault, the Earl of Arran and Lord David Hamilton might have in their scheme.[1]

On 27 April 1560, Ochiltree was a signature to the “Band of the Scottish Nobility”, which pledged to expel the Queen Dowager’s French forces and take plain part with the Queen of England’s army, which had entered Scotland under the terms of the Congregation’s Treaty of Berwick.[2] John Knox wrote in his History of the Reformation in Scotland that Ochiltree was a man more likely to look for peace than fight in the causeway.

Family[edit]

Lord Ochiltree married Agnes Cunningham of the Caprington family. His son and heir, Andrew Stewart, known as the Master of Ochiltree, predeceased him in 1578, and he was succeeded by his grandson, Andrew Stuart, 1st Baron Castle Stuart, 3rd Lord Ochiltree.[citation needed] The Master of Ochiltree also had a daughter Mary (died 11 April 1606) who married Sir Roger Aston a favourite of James VI who appointed him Gentleman of the Bedchamber in 1587.[3][4]

Lord Ochiltree’s second son James Stewart became Lord Chancellor of Scotland.

Margaret Stewart[edit]

Ochiltree’s daughter, Margaret, who was around 16 years old married John Knox in 1563. The English resident diplomat in Scotland, Thomas Randolph noted that she was a near kinswoman of the Duke, meaning James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (Andrew’s mother was the Duke’s half-sister). He thought that Cecil would think his report madness.[5] They were married on Palm Sunday after the banns had been proclaimed in St Giles, Edinburgh. Randolph wrote that the Queen was angry at the marriage because Margaret was of the royal “blood and name”.[6]

http://www.thepeerage.com/p2519.htm

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/04/15/kin-to-the-stewarts-and-windsors/

Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree

Birth: circa 1541
Methven, Perthshire, Scotland
Managed by: Justin Swanström

Daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord of Methven and Janet Stewart, Countess Dowager of Sutherland
Wife of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland and Andrew Stewart, Governor of Edinburgh Castle
Mother of Margaret MacDowall of Garthland; Janet Hay; ; James Stewart; Janet Stewart, of Ochiltree and 2 others
Sister of Margaret Kennedy of Girvanmainly; Henry Stewart; Joan Campbell (Stewart) and Dorothea Stewart of Avondale
Half sister of John Gordon, 11th Earl of Sutherland; Janet Gordon-Sutherland; Beatrice Gordon-Sutherland; William Gordon-Sutherland; Alexander Gordon and 1 other

John MacDowell

Also Known As: “MacDowall”
Birthdate: circa 1575
Birthplace: Galloway, Scotland
Death: Died 1631 in Gleno, Antrim, Ulster, Ireland
Place of Burial: Glenoe, Antrim, Ulster, Ireland
Immediate Family: Son of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland and Margaret Kennedy of Girvanmainly
Husband of mary wylie
Father of Alexander McDowell and isabella mcdowell
Brother of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland; Cathrine MacDowall of Garthland and Thomas MacDowall
Half brother of Margaret MacDowall of Garthland and Janet Hay
Managed by: Randy Lee Weisz
Last Updated: February 18, 2015

Ephriam’s family fled from Scotland to Ireland and settled near Londonberry. Ephriam was born in 1672 in Londonberry County. He was only sixteen years of age when on December 9, 1688, McDonell of Antrim approached the walls of Londonberry. Ephriam went to the defense of the heroic town and assisted in closing the gates against the intruders. He also fought against the forces of James II at Boyne River.

https://rosamondpress.com/2013/06/06/the-glory-that-was-garthland/

http://home.comcast.net/~davidmartin/ppl/a/b/abc80ae0c8a698883d5.html

Children:
2 Elizabeth BENTON b: 12 Feb 1822 + William Carey JONES b: ABT 1822
2 Jessie (Julia ?) Ann BENTON b: 31 May 1824 d: 27 Dec 1902 + John Charles FREMONT b: ABT 1824; 3 Darie BENTON b: ABT 1844; 3 Anthony BENTON b: ABT 1844
2 Sarah BENTON b: Mar 1826 + Richard Taylor JACOB b: ABT 1826
2 John Randolph BENTON b: 11 Nov 1829 d: 17 Mar 1852
2 James McDowell BENTON b: Jun 1831 d: 1835
2 Susan BENTON b: 1833 + Gauldree DE BOILEAU b: ABT 18

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Stewart

http://www.geni.com/people/Rev-John-Knox-Witherspoon-Signer-of-the-Declaration-of-Independence/6000000005791608179

 

  1. [S37] BP2003. [S37]

John Knox1

M, #25187, b. circa 1505, d. 24 November 1572

Last Edited=1 Oct 2006

John Knox was born circa 1505. He married Margaret Stewart, daughter of Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Stewart of Ochiltree and Agnes Cunningham, in March 1564.1 He died on 24 November 1572.1
He was the Scottish Reformer and historian.1

Citations

  1. [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 712. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]

Margaret Stewart

F, #25188, b. circa 1548, d. after 1612

Last Edited=6 Oct 2012

Margaret Stewart was born circa 1548. She was the daughter of Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Stewart of Ochiltree and Agnes Cunningham.1 She married, firstly, John Knox in March 1564.2 She married, secondly, Sir Andrew Ker of Faldonside between 8 January 1573 and 1574.2 She died after 1612.
From March 1564, her married name became Knox. From between 8 January 1573 and 1574, her married name became Ker.2

http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/avandale1500.htm

Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland, 10th Lord of Garthland

Birthdate: circa 1541
Birthplace: Garthland, Stoneykirk, Wigtownshire, Scotland
Death: Died 1593 in France or Ulster
Immediate Family: Son of John MacDowall of Garthland and Margaret Campbell of Corswall
Husband of Margaret Kennedy of Girvanmainly and Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree
Father of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland; John MacDowell; Cathrine MacDowall of Garthland; Thomas MacDowall; Margaret MacDowall of Garthland and 1 other; and Janet Hay « less
Brother of Gilbert Macdowall, Vicor of Inch; Helen MacDowall of Garthland and Florence MacDowall of Garthland
Half brother of Alexander McDowell
Occupation: 10th Laird of Garthland

 

http://www.geni.com/people/Uchtred-MacDowall-of-Garthland/6000000005411786114

 

John Knox Witherspoon

Birthdate: February 5, 1723
Birthplace: Manse Of Yester, Gifford, East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: Died November 15, 1794 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, United States
Place of Burial: Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family: Son of James Alexander Witherspoon, III and Ann Witherspoon
Husband of Elizabeth Witherspoon and Anne Witherspoon
Father of Anne Witherspoon Smith; Christian Witherspoon; James Witherspoon; Robert Witherspoon; Barbara Witherspoon and 9 others; John Knox Witherspoon, Jr.; Frances Ramsay; David Witherspoon; George Witherspoon; Anna Witherspoon; Joseph Witherspoon; Infant Witherspoon; Marianne Ann Woods and Frances Witherspoon « less
Brother of Captain David Witherspoon; Susan Ann Witherspoon; Josias Witherspoon; James Witherspoon; Margaret Ann Witherspoon and 1 other; and John Witherspoon « less
Occupation: President of College of New Jersey [present Princeton], Presbyterian minister
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated: April 28, 2015

 

Margaret Kennedy of Girvanmainly MP

Birth: circa 1535
Galloway, Scotland
Managed by: Justin Swanström

Daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord of Methven and Janet Stewart, Countess Dowager of Sutherland
Wife of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland
Mother of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland; John MacDowell; Cathrine MacDowall of Garthland and Thomas MacDowall
Sister of Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree; Henry Stewart; Joan Campbell (Stewart) and Dorothea Stewart of Avondale
Half sister of John Gordon, 11th Earl of Sutherland; Janet Gordon-Sutherland; Beatrice Gordon-Sutherland; William Gordon-Sutherland; Alexander Gordon and 1 other

http://www.geni.com/people/Uchtred-MacDowall-of-Garthland/6000000005411786114

https://archive.org/stream/heraldryofstewar00johnuoft/heraldryofstewar00johnuoft_djvu.txt

http://www.thepeerage.com/p2519.htm

http://www.maryqueenofscots.net/scottish-family-trees-in-the-16th-century/stewarts-avandale-ochiltree-methven-doune-later-earls-moray/

http://fabpedigree.com/s000/f198254.htm

On Sunday the fourteenth of August, I discovered that the Preston family married into the House of Stewart, and thus my family are kin to this royal family that includes Princess Diana and her two sons, William and Harry Windsor. Now I know why the Queen stayed at Blair House, and why John Breckenridge fled to England after he lost the Civil War – that the House of Stewart may have backed! This is huge!

Mary Stewart. She was the daughter of William Stewart, 1st Viscount Mountjoy and Hon. Mary Coote.1,2 From 1692, her married name became Preston.2 From 1709, her married name became Forbes. As a result of her marriage, Hon. Mary Stewart was styled as Countess of Granard on 24 August 1734.

Children of Hon. Mary Stewart and Phineas Preston
Jane Preston+2 b. c 1690, d. a 12 Nov 1746
Mary Preston2 b. 1696, d. 1749
Colonel John Preston+2 b. 1699, d. 1747

In her book that was shown me at the Portland Historic Society ‘A Year Of American Travel’ by Jessie Benton’ I read the following;

“At the Astor hotel where we were staying, we found a party of our relatives, my cousin, General William Preston, and his family assemble to welcome back from Europe a member who had been away for years.”

Through the brilliant marriage of my later sister, Christine Rosamond Benton, I and my stepson, Hollis Lee Williams, are kin to William and Harry, and their late mother, Princess Diana.
My daughter and my sister, who formed a secret bond behind my back, and betrayed me as family trustees, shall have not part in this Family Tree, and are hereby bannished from the family.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2011

http://thepeerage.com/p15313.htm

Rev. John Knox Witherspoon, Signer of the “Declaration of Independence”

A Patriot of the American Revolution for NEW JERSEY. DAR Ancestor # A127172

John Knox Witherspoon (February 15, 1723 – November 15, 1794) was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Jersey. As president of the College of New Jersey (1768-94; now Princeton University), he trained many leaders of the early nation and was the only active clergyman and the only college president to sign the Declaration. Witherspoon has been described by some historians as being “not a profound scholar” but “an able college president”.

Marriage and Children

John Knox Witherspoon married:

  1. Elizabeth Montgomery (29 May 1722 – 1 October 1789)
    1. Anne Witherspoon (23 July 1749 – 1 April 1817)
    2. Christian Witherspoon, d.s.p. (14 August 1750 – 1756)
    3. James Witherspoon, Major (17 November 1751 – 4 October 1777)
    4. Robert Witherspoon (b. 1753)
    5. Barbara Witherspoon, d.s.p. (19 February 1756 – 1763)
    6. John Knox Witherspoon, Jr. (29 July 1757 – 30 January 1796)
    7. Frances Witherspoon (16 August 1759 – 11 November 1784)
    8. David Witherspoon (1760-1801)
    9. George Witherspoon (b.1762)
    10. Infant Witherspoon (b. 16 August 1763)
    11. Anna Witherspoon
    12. Joseph Witherspoon (b.1768)
  2. Anne Marshall (1768-1811)
    1. Frances Witherspoon (b. 1792)
    2. Mary Ann Witherspoon (1794 – 1846)

Biographical Sketch

John Witherspoon was born at Gifford, a parish of Yester, at East Lothian, Scotland, as the eldest child of the Reverend James Alexander Witherspoon and Anne Walker, a descendant of John Welsh of Ayr and John Knox. He attended the Haddington Grammar School, and obtained a Master of Arts from the University of Edinburgh in 1739. He remained at the University to study divinity.

Witherspoon was opposed to the Jacobite rising of 1745-46. Following the Jacobite victory at the Battle of Falkirk (1746), he was briefly imprisoned at Doune Castle, which had a long-term impact on his health.

He became a Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) minister at Beith, Ayrshire, serving there from 1745 to 1758, where he married Elizabeth Montgomery. They had ten children, only five surviving to adulthood.

From 1758-1768, he was minister of the Laigh Kirk, Paisley (Low Kirk). Witherspoon became prominent within the church as an Evangelical opponent of the Moderate Party. During his two pastorates he wrote three well-known works on theology, notably the satire “Ecclesiastical Characteristics” (1753) opposing the philosophical influence of Francis Hutcheson. He was awarded a Doctorate of Divinity from the University of St Andrews, Fife.

At the urging of Benjamin Rush and Richard Stockton, whom he met in Paisley, Witherspoon finally accepted a second invitation to become president and head professor of the small Presbyterian College of New Jersey in Princeton. To fulfill this, he and his family emigrated to New Jersey in 1768. He became the sixth president of the college, now known as Princeton University. As the College’s primary occupation at the time was training ministers, Witherspoon became a leader of the early Presbyterian church in America. Witherspoon also helped organize Nassau Presbyterian Church in Princeton, New Jersey.

Upon his arrival at then College of New Jersey, Witherspoon found the school in debt, with weak instruction and an outdated library. At once he began fund-raising, added three hundred of his own books to the library, and began the purchase of scientific equipment, including the Rittenhouse orrery, many maps and a “terrestial” globe. He also firmed up entrance requirements. These changes helped the school be more on par with Harvard and Yale, soon transforming the college into a school that would equip the leaders of a revolutionary generation. Many of his students, including James Madison, Aaron Burr, Philip Freneau, and John Breckenridge, would play prominent roles in the development of the new nation.

Considered firm but good-humored in his leadership, Witherspoon was very popular among both faculty and students. Some of the courses he taught personally were Eloquence or Belles Lettres, Chronology (history), and Divinity. Of his courses, none was more important than Moral Philosophy (a required course), which Witherspoon considered vital for ministers, lawyers, and those holding positions in government (magistrates). Witherspoon instituted a number of reforms, including modeling the syllabus and university structure after that used at the University of St. Andrews and other Scottish universities.

As a native Scotsman, long wary of the power of the British Crown, Witherspoon soon came to support the Revolution, joining the Committee of Correspondence and Safety in early 1774. His 1776 sermon “The Dominion of Providence over the Passions of Men” was published in many editions and he was elected to the Continental Congress as part of the New Jersey delegation and, in July 1776, voted for the Resolution for Independence. In answer to an objection that the country was not yet ready for independence, according to tradition he replied that it “was not only ripe for the measure, but in danger of rotting for the want of it.”

In John Trumbull’s famous painting Declaration of Independence, Witherspoon is among those shown in the background facing the large table, the second seated figure from the viewer’s right. Witherspoon served in Congress from June 1776 until November 1782 and became one of its most influential members and a workhorse of prodigious energy. He served on over 100 committees, most notably the powerful standing committees, the board of war and the committee on secret correspondence or foreign affairs. He spoke often in debate; helped draft the Articles of Confederation; helped organize the executive departments; played a major role in shaping foreign policy; and drew up the instructions for the peace commissioners. He fought against the flood of paper money, and opposed the issuance of bonds without provision for their amortization. “No business can be done, some say, because money is scarce,” he wrote. He also served twice in the New Jersey Legislature, and strongly supported the adoption of the United States Constitution during the New Jersey ratification debates.

In November 1778, as British forces neared, Witherspoon closed and evacuated the College of New Jersey. The main building, Nassau Hall, was badly damaged and his papers and personal notes were lost. Witherspoon was responsible for its rebuilding after the war, which caused him great personal and financial difficulty.

In 1780 he was elected to a one-year term in the New Jersey Legislative Council representing Somerset County.

Witherspoon had suffered eye injuries and was blind by 1792. He died in 1794 on his farm Tusculum, just outside of Princeton, and is buried in the Princeton Cemetery. He was 71 when he died.

Legacy

  • From among his students came 37 judges, three of whom made it to the U.S. Supreme Court; 10 Cabinet officers; 12 members of the Continental Congress, 28 U.S. Senators, and 49 United States congressmen. His most prominent students were Aaron Burr and James Madison. When the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in America met in 1789, 52 of the 188 delegates had studied under Witherspoon.
  • The President’s House in Princeton, New Jersey, was his home from 1768 to 1779 and is a U.S. National Historic Landmark.
  • A bronze statue at Princeton University by Scottish sculptor Alexander Stoddart is the twin of one outside The University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland.
  • In Princeton today, a University dormitory built in 1877, the street running north from the University’s main gate, and the local public middle school all bear his name.
  • Another statue stands near Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C., at the intersection of Connecticut Avenue, N Street and 18th Street.
  • Paisley, Scotland, honored Witherspoon’s memory by naming a new street in the town center after him, in honor of his having lived in Paisley for a portion of his adult life.
  • A son-in-law was Congressman David Ramsay, who married Frances Witherspoon on 18 March 1783. Another daughter, Ann, married Samuel Stanhope Smith, who succeeded Witherspoon as president of Princeton.
  • The Witherspoon Society is a body of laypeople within the Presbyterian Church (USA), in existence since 1979, that is activist in liberal and progressive causes.
  • A merchant ship, the SS John Witherspoon, saw service during World War II as part of convoy PQ-17, and was sunk by a German U-boat in the North Atlantic on 6 July 1942.
  • The Witherspoon Institute is an independent research center that works to enhance public understanding of the moral foundations of free and democratic societies. Located in Princeton, it promotes the application of fundamental principles of republican government and ordered liberty to contemporary problems through a variety of centers, research programs, seminars, consultations, and publications.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to The MacDowell-Stewart Knox-Witherspoon Line

  1. Reblogged this on rosamondpress and commented:

    Here are false prophets employing my kindred’s history in their evil racist rant. They claim Jesus came to them in a dream and gave them dreams where blood is coming out of people’s eyes, and wherever. My friends thought I was insane when I told them this day was coming, and when I cast these demons out of the Republican party founded by my kindred who were abolitionists. “Later, Jacobs proclaimed that America will experience a “conservative revolt” and reported that her prophecy was supported by a dream that her fellow prophet James Goll recently had in which God told him that “the war between the states has begun.” “The word that I issued,” Jacobs reported, “was that there would come a time when states would threaten to secede from the union” due to the persecution of Christians and attacks on religious freedom, all of which was supported by Goll’s dream in which he saw soldiers engaged in a second Civil War between the “sheep states” and the “goat states.” “This is not us saying this kind of thing,” Jacobs insisted, “you read the Word of God and it talks about this … It’s not anything we’re saying, it’s just all through the Word of God.” – See more at: http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/prophet-cindy-jacobs-warns-second-civil-war-coming-due-gay-marriage-anti-christian-persecuti#sthash.ocqObVty.dpuf

    http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/prophet-cindy-jacobs-warns-second-civil-war-coming-due-gay-marriage-anti-christian-persecuti

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.