Lee Oswald shot himself in the arm with a .22 while in the Marines where he was classified a Sharpshooter. Was Lee trying to get out of the Marines? This would explain why he used a .22 rather than an serive issued pistol, because, it would do a lot of damage.
Lee was reprimanded for taking a wild shot with his rifle, but, this too failed to get him out of the service. What was Lee’s motive? I think he wanted to be a Spy. Lee appears to own many covert agendas. Why didn’t he take a shot at President Eisenhower – if he jut wanted to make a name for himself as a crazed assassin. John Birch said Ike was “pink” and soft on commies – because he did not let McArthur nuke the North Koreans. Walker served in Korea, and probably wished Eisenhower was dead, and, McArthur was President! Do you see a familiar pattern?
General Walker was relieved of his command because he was handing out John Birch pamplets to soldiers stationed in Europe. Did Lee ever see one of these pamplets and decided to fight the Reds on the front line of espionage? Did the White Russians contact Walker in Europe because they saw ‘The Birchers’ as their best friends? Consider ‘The Birthers’ and the fact Walker ran for Governor of Texas. President Obama is titled a Communist and foreign agent – that has to go – because men who know better say so! to hell with the law when you are a Savior of America and America Capitalist Family Values.
If you followe the military careers and history of Oswald and Walker, you see two MILITARY wing-nuts doing very odd things. Lee becomes a world traveler. Where did he get the money? Why go to Switzerland and Russia, and not to Eisenhauers home – with a rifle that cost him $17 dollars.
Look at the agenda of the wing-nuts of Texas, Rick Perry, and Ted Cruz. Both men have tied to neo-Confederate secessionists who consider themselves Men without a Country, thanks to Liberal like the Kennedys.
Did the FBI have a file on Oswald before he shot Kennedy, that said he was a gun-crazy who shot himself for A REASON? Surely the FBI had access to Lee’s military record when – before JFK came to town! How about the Secret Service? How about other soldiers in Europe who were really moved by Walker’s pamphlets? Cold War duty was boring. And, there they are, the Dirty Reds, just across the border. Was Walker suggesting they go – RENEGADE?
Consider Timothy McVeigh!
Oswald when he served in the US Marine Corps
Oswald enlisted in the United States Marine Corps on October 24, 1956, just after his seventeenth birthday. He idolized his older brother Robert; and a photograph taken after Lee Harvey’s arrest by Dallas police shows him wearing his brother’s Marines ring. One witness testified to the Warren Commission that Oswald’s enlistment may also have been an escape from his overbearing mother.
Oswald’s primary training was radar operation; a position requiring a security clearance. A May 1957 document states that he was “granted final clearance to handle classified matter up to and including CONFIDENTIAL after careful check of local records had disclosed no derogatory data.” In the Aircraft Control and Warning Operator Course he finished seventh in a class of thirty. The course “…included instruction in aircraft surveillance and the use of radar.” He was assigned first to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro in July 1957, then to Naval Air Facility Atsugi in Japan in September as part of Marine Air Control Squadron 1.
Like all Marines, Oswald was trained and tested in shooting and he scored 212 in December 1956, slightly above the requirements for the designation of sharpshooter. In May 1959 he scored 191, which reduced his rating to marksman.
Oswald was court-martialed after accidentally shooting himself in the elbow with an unauthorized .22 handgun, then court-martialed again for fighting with a sergeant whom he thought was responsible for his punishment in the shooting matter. He was demoted from private first class to private and briefly imprisoned in the brig. He was later punished for a third incident: while on night-time sentry duty in the Philippines, he inexplicably fired his rifle into the jungle.
Slightly built, Oswald was nicknamed Ozzie Rabbit after the cartoon character; he was also called Oswaldskovich because he espoused pro-Soviet sentiments. In November 1958, Oswald transferred back to El Toro where his unit’s function “…was to serveil [sic] for aircraft, but basically to train both enlisted men and officers for later assignment overseas.” An officer there said that Oswald was a “very competent” crew chief.
While in the Marines, Oswald made an effort to teach himself rudimentary Russian. Although this was an unusual endeavor, in February 1959 he was invited to take a Marine proficiency exam in written and spoken Russian. His level at the time was rated “poor.”
Adult life and early crimes
Defection to the Soviet Union
In October 1959, just before turning 20, Oswald traveled to the Soviet Union, a trip he planned well in advance. On September 11, 1959, he received a hardship discharge from active service, claiming his mother needed care, and was put on reserve. Along with his self-taught Russian, he had saved $1,500 of his Marine Corps salary,[n 3] obtained a passport, and submitted several fictional applications to foreign universities in order to obtain a student visa.[clarification needed] Oswald spent two days with his mother in Fort Worth, then embarked by ship from New Orleans on September 20 to Le Havre, France, then immediately proceeded to the United Kingdom. Arriving in Southampton on October 9, he told officials he had $700 and planned to remain in the United Kingdom for one week before proceeding to a school in Switzerland. However, on the same day, he flew to Helsinki, where he was issued a Soviet visa on October 14. Oswald left Helsinki by train on the following day, crossed the Soviet border at Vainikkala, and arrived in Moscow on October 16. His visa, valid only for a week, was due to expire on October 21.
Almost immediately after arriving, Oswald told his Intourist guide of his desire to become a Soviet citizen. When asked why by the various Soviet officials he encountered—all of whom, by Oswald’s account, found his wish incomprehensible—he said that he was a communist, and gave what he described in his diary as “vauge [sic] answers about ‘Great Soviet Union'”. On October 21, the day his visa was due to expire, he was told that his citizenship application had been refused, and that he had to leave the Soviet Union that evening. Distraught, Oswald inflicted a minor but bloody wound to his left wrist in his hotel room bathtub soon before his Intourist guide was due to arrive to escort him from the country, according to his diary because he wished to kill himself in a way that would shock her. Delaying Oswald’s departure because of his self-inflicted injury, the Soviets kept him in a Moscow hospital under psychiatric observation until October 28, 1959.
Apartment building where Oswald lived in Minsk
According to Oswald, he met with four more Soviet officials that same day, who asked if he wanted to return to the United States; he insisted to them that he wanted to live in the Soviet Union as a Soviet national. When pressed for identification papers, he provided his Marine Corps discharge papers.
On October 31, Oswald appeared at the United States embassy in Moscow, declaring a desire to renounce his U.S. citizenship. “I have made up my mind,” he said; “I’m through.” He told the U.S. embassy interviewing officer, Richard Snyder, “…that he had been a radar operator in the Marine Corps and that he had voluntarily stated to unnamed Soviet officials that as a Soviet citizen he would make known to them such information concerning the Marine Corps and his specialty as he possessed. He intimated that he might know something of special interest.” (Such statements led to Oswald’s hardship/honorable military discharge being changed to undesirable.) The Associated Press story of the defection of a U.S. Marine to the Soviet Union was reported on the front pages of some newspapers in 1959.
Though Oswald had wanted to attend Moscow University, he was sent to Minsk to work as a lathe operator at the Gorizont Electronics Factory, which produced radios, televisions, and military and space electronics. Stanislau Shushkevich, who later became independent Belarus’s first head of state, was also engaged by Gorizont at the time, and was assigned to teach Oswald Russian. Oswald received a government subsidized, fully furnished studio apartment in a prestigious building and an additional supplement to his factory pay—all in all, an idyllic existence by working-class Soviet standards, though he was kept under constant surveillance.
But Oswald grew bored in Minsk. He wrote in his diary in January 1961: “I am starting to reconsider my desire about staying. The work is drab, the money I get has nowhere to be spent. No nightclubs or bowling alleys, no places of recreation except the trade union dances. I have had enough.” Shortly afterwards, Oswald (who had never formally renounced his U.S. citizenship) wrote to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow requesting return of his American passport, and proposing to return to the U.S. if any charges against him would be dropped.
In March 1961, Oswald met Marina Nikolayevna Prusakova, a 19-year-old pharmacology student; they married less than six weeks later in April.[n 4] The Oswalds’ first child, June, was born on February 15, 1962. On May 24, 1962, Oswald and Marina applied at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow for documents enabling her to immigrate to the U.S. and, on June 1, the U.S. Embassy gave Oswald a repatriation loan of $435.71. Oswald, Marina, and their infant daughter left for the United States, where they received no attention from the press, much to Oswald’s disappointment.
The Oswalds soon settled in the Dallas/Fort Worth area, where Lee’s mother and brother lived. Lee began a manuscript on Soviet life, though he eventually gave up the project. The Oswalds also became acquainted with a number of anti-Communist Russian émigrés in the area. In testimony to the Warren Commission, Alexander Kleinlerer said that the Russian émigrés sympathized with Marina, while merely tolerating Oswald, whom they regarded as rude and arrogant.[n 5]
Although the Russian émigrés eventually abandoned Marina when she made no sign of leaving Oswald, Oswald found an unlikely friend in 51-year-old Russian émigré George de Mohrenschildt, a well-educated petroleum geologist with international business connections. (A native of Russia, de Mohrenschildt told the Warren Commission that Oswald had a “…remarkable fluency in Russian.”) Marina, meanwhile, befriended Ruth Paine, a Quaker who was trying to learn Russian, and her husband Michael who worked for Bell Helicopter.
Walker again saw combat in the Korean War, and next became the commander of the Arkansas Military district in Little Rock, Arkansas. During his years in Arkansas, he implemented the order of President Eisenhower to desegregate Central High School in Little Rock.
In 1959, General Walker was sent to Germany to command the 24th Infantry Division. In 1961, however, he became involved in controversy. Walker was accused of distributing right-wing literature from the John Birch Society to the soldiers of his division. He was also quoted by a newspaper, the Overseas Weekly, as saying that Harry S. Truman, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Dean Acheson were “definitely pink”, a slang term for communist sympathies. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara relieved Walker of his command, while an inquiry was conducted, and in October Walker was reassigned to Hawaii to become assistant chief of staff for training and operations in the Pacific. Instead, Walker resigned from the Army on November 2, 1961. Said Walker: “It will be my purpose now, as a civilian, to attempt to do what I have found it no longer possible to do in uniform.”
In February 1962, Walker entered the race for Governor of Texas, but finished last among six candidates in a Democratic primary election in May that was won by John Connally.
Walker organized protests in September 1962 against the enrollment of African-American James Meredith at the racially segregated University of Mississippi. His public statement on September 29:
“This is Edwin A. Walker. I am in Mississippi beside Gov. Ross Barnett. I call for a national protest against the conspiracy from within. Rally to the cause of freedom in righteous indignation, violent vocal protest and bitter silence under the flag of Mississippi at the use of Federal troops. This today is a disgrace to the nation in ‘dire peril,’ a disgrace beyond the capacity of anyone except its enemies. This is the conspiracy of the crucifixion by anti-Christ conspirators of the Supreme Court in their denial of prayer and their betrayal of a nation.”
After a violent 15-hour riot broke out on the campus on September 30, in which three people were killed, Walker was arrested on four federal charges, including insurrection against the United States. The charges were dropped after a federal grand jury adjourned in January 1963 without indicting him.
General Walker recently after shooting.It was around this time that Walker got Lee Harvey Oswald’s attention. In February 1963, Walker was making news by joining forces with evangelist Billy James Hargis in an anti-communist tour called “Operation Midnight Ride.” Oswald, a self-proclaimed Marxist, considered Walker a “fascist” and the leader of a “fascist organization.”
Oswald began to put Walker under surveillance, taking pictures of Walker’s Dallas home and nearby railroad tracks, perhaps his planned escape route. Oswald mail-ordered a rifle using his alias Hidell (he had already ordered a pistol in January). He planned the assassination for April 10, ten days after he was fired from the photography firm where he worked. He chose a Wednesday evening because the neighborhood would be relatively crowded because of services in a church adjacent to Walker’s home; he would not stand out and could mingle with the crowds if necessary to make his escape. He left a note in Russian for his wife Marina with instructions should he be caught. Walker was sitting at a desk in his dining room when Oswald fired at him from less than a hundred feet (30 meters) away. Walker survived only because the bullet struck the wooden frame of the window, which deflected its path. However, he was injured in the forearm by fragments.
At the time, authorities had no idea who attempted to kill Walker. Marina saw Oswald burn most of his plans in the bathtub, though she hid the note he left her in a cookbook, with the intention of bringing it to the police should Oswald again attempt to kill Walker or anyone else. Oswald’s involvement was unknown until the note and some of the photos were found by the authorities following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The bullet was too badly damaged to run conclusive ballistics tests, but neutron activation tests later proved that the bullet was from the same manufacturer as the one that killed Kennedy.
Oswald later wrote to Arnold Johnson of the Communist Party, U.S.A., that on the evening of October 23, 1963 he had attended an “ultra right” meeting headed by Gen. Edwin A. Walker.
Associated Press v. Walker
Angered by negative publicity he was receiving for his conservative political views, Walker began to file libel lawsuits against various media outlets. One of these suits, titled Associated Press v. Walker went all the way to the United States Supreme Court, but the court ruled against Walker and found that the Associated Press was not guilty of reckless disregard in their reporting about Walker. The court, which had previously said that public officials could not recover damages unless they could prove actual malice, extended this to public figures as well.
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Oswald wanted to be a novelist. Lane says he and Pynchon were on the same bus to Mexico. “To divide Tom the man from Pynchon the idea for biographical purposes, however, is to risk the folly in which Lane indulges in Journey into the Mind of [P.], particularly when he speculates that Pynchon was on the bus Lee Harvey Oswald took from Houston, Texas, to Mexico City on September 26, 1963, about a month after Pynchon served as best man at Richard Fariña and Mimi Baez’s wedding on August 21, 1963. Lane never offers an explanation for why Pynchon would travel from California to Texas to return to Mexico rather than take a bus from Pacific Grove, to which he had traveled from Mexico City in August. Lane admits that he is offering nothing more than “ridiculous rumor,” a description he quickly recasts as “ridiculous speculation,” apparently to indicate that the story is his own, but he also conjectures that Pynchon’s “secret,” his reason for avoiding the press, involves the conversation he had with Oswald. “This is the kind of fun people like me can have,” Lane then says. But the speculation isn’t simply ridiculous; it ignores the record, even as it existed at the time of the film’s making. Pynchon had already begun his famed avoidance of the media before Oswald went to Mexico, as George Plimpton, a literary journalist, and Jules Siegel, a former friend, point out in the film just after Lane’s speculation. There is no reasonable way to place Pynchon on a bus with Oswald, despite Lane’s insistence that connections can be forged even if the words we have don’t imply them, or to attribute Pynchon’s desire for privacy to a meeting between him and Kennedy’s assassin. Indeed, it has more recently been revealed that Pynchon headed further north after Fariña’s wedding, meeting up with friends from Cornell, Mary Ann Tharaldsen and David Seidler, in Berkeley, where he remained until “shortly after John F. Kennedy was assassinated.” Pynchon might observe of Lane’s speculation: “Opera librettos, movies and television drama are allowed to get away with all kinds of errors in detail. Too much time in front of the Tube and a writer [or biographical researcher, it turns out] can get to believing the same thing. . . . The lesson here, obvious but now and then overlooked, is just to corroborate one’s data.”