For ten years I have been trying to get radicals of all colors to look at Jessie Benton Fremont – because I saw BLM – coming! Indeed, I might be the founder of BLM.
I nominate Flora London for White Woke Person of the Week. Most of the Abolitionists – WERE WHITE!
“By 1874, they were living in San Francisco, where Chaney lectured on astrology and a critique of religion. Flora taught music and was assistant to feminist publisher Amanda Slocum. With her friends she supported the liberal social causes of the day, including Negro rights, workers’ rights, and women’s rights.”
A tribe wants to edit the State Seal of Massachussets, and a black man is messing with Mount Rushmore. This is a part of The Woke Movement.
I’m going to see the movie ‘Beast’ starring Idris Elba, who finally walked away from The Bond Cakewalk. Did he get…..WOKE?
I can write the script after seeing the trailer…..
A black family goes on a dream tour of their roots – in Africa. To their dismay ,their guide is a drunken Jack London type who is hungover after his wild evening of doing Hemmingway with a quart of whisky. White Happy Hippie Music accompanies The Seekers. Is this a – Cosmic African Joke?
When the Reeds took me to see Les MacCann in his hotel room – I tripped him out!
“I mean….You are really white! You’re – glowing!”
My folks come from Rougemont Switzerland where Saint Nicholas was born. I would play this tune in the Land rover scene.
“So, I call for you and for myself — I’m owning this, too — let’s stop using the term ‘Mount Rushmore’ when we’re talking about our favorite rappers, talking about our favorite movies, talking about our favorite players,” Rose explained.
Idris Elba and James Bond have been synonymous with each other for over a decade with fans wanting him to be Daniel Craig’s successor. With moviegoers have been hyping him up, the Bond question has always come up whenever Elba is interviewed. But it appeared the actor is tired of the constant questions. After years of questioning, the Beast star got honest about constantly being asked about playing the beloved international spy.
I just sent this e-mail to Kehinde Andrews:
Native Americans Urge Boycott Of Ignorant Pilgrim Museum
PHILIP MARCELO / AP – Yesterday 11:17 AM
© Provided by HuffPostVisitors walk through the 17th-century English village exhibit at the Plimoth Patuxet Museums on Nov. 18, 2018, in Plymouth, Mass. (Photo: AP Photo/Steven Senne, File)
Visitors walk through the 17th-century English village exhibit at the Plimoth Patuxet Museums on Nov. 18, 2018, in Plymouth, Mass. (Photo: AP Photo/Steven Senne, File)
PLYMOUTH, Mass. (AP) — Native Americans in Massachusetts are calling for a boycott of a popular living history museum featuring Colonial reenactors portraying life in Plymouth, the famous English settlement founded by the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower.
Members of the state’s Wampanoag community and their supporters say Plimoth Patuxet Museums has not lived up to its promise of creating a “bi-cultural museum” that equally tells the story of the European and Indigenous peoples that lived there.
They say the “ Historic Patuxet Homesite,” the portion of the mostly outdoor museum focused on traditional Indigenous life, is inadequately small, in need of repairs and staffed by workers who aren’t from local tribes.
“We’re saying don’t patronize them, don’t work over there,” said Camille Madison, a member of the Aquinnah Wampanoag Tribe on Martha’s Vineyard, who was among those recently venting their frustrations on social media. “We don’t want to engage with them until they can find a way to respect Indigenous knowledge and experience.”
The concerns come just two years after the museum changed its name from Plimoth Plantation to Plimoth Patuxet as part of a yearlong celebration of the 400th anniversary of the Mayflower landing.
At the time, the museum declared the “new, more balanced” moniker reflected the importance of the Indigenous perspective to the 75-year-old institution’s educational mission.
“Patuxet” was an Indigenous community near “Plimoth,” as the Pilgrim colony was known before becoming modern day Plymouth. It was badly decimated by European diseases by the time the Mayflower arrived, but one of its survivors, Tisquantum, commonly known as Squanto, famously helped the English colonists survive their first winter.
“They’ve changed the name but haven’t changed the attitude,” said Paula Peters, a member of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe who worked for nearly 20 years at the museum, most recently as marketing director. “They’ve done nothing to ingratiate themselves with tribes. Every step they take is tone deaf.”
Museum spokesperson Rob Kluin, in a statement emailed to The Associated Press, said the museum has expanded the outdoor Wampanoag exhibit, raised more than $2 million towards a new Indigenous programs building and has “several initiatives in place” to recruit and retain staff from Native communities. He declined to elaborate.
The statement also cited a pair of grants the museum received to boost its Native American education programming. That included more than $160,000 from the National Endowment for the Humanities to host a workshop this summer for teachers on how to incorporate Indigenous voices into their history lessons.
The museum also noted that its new director of Algonquian Exhibits and Interpretation is an Aquinnah Wampanoag who serves on his tribe’s education committee.
Carol Pollard, whose late brother Anthony “Nanepashemet” Pollard played a key role in the development of the museum’s Indigenous programming as a leading Wampanoag historian, was among those dismayed at the state of the site.
Last week, large gaps were evident in the battered tree bark roof of the large wetu, or traditional Wampanoag dwelling, that is a focal point of the Indigenous exhibit. Neither of the two museum interpreters on site was wearing traditional tribal attire. Meanwhile, on the Pilgrim settlement part of the museum, thatched roofs on the Colonial homes had been recently repaired, and numerous reenactors milled about in detailed period outfits.
“I know my brother would be very disappointed,” said Pollard, who also worked as a gardener at the museum until last summer. “I guarantee you, people dressed in khakis and navy blue tops was not my brother’s vision.”
Former museum staffers say museum officials for years ignored their suggestions for modernizing and expanding the outdoor exhibit, which marks its 50th anniversary next year.
That, coupled with low pay and poor working conditions, led to the departure of many long-standing Native staffers who built the program into a must-see attraction by showcasing authentic Indigenous farming, cooking, canoe building and other cultural practices, they say.
“For more than a decade now, the museum has systematically dismantled the outdoor exhibit,” the Wampanoag Consulting Alliance, a Native group that includes Peters and other former museum staffers, said in a statement late last month. “Many steps taken to provide equal representation to Wampanoag programming have been removed, and the physical exhibit is in deplorable condition. The result has been the virtually complete alienation of the Wampanoag communities.”
Kitty Hendricks-Miller, a Mashpee Wampanoag who was a supervisor at the Wampanoag exhibit in the 1990s and early 2000s, says she worries about what non-Indigenous families and students are taking away from their visits to the museum, which remains a school field trip rite of passage for many in New England.
As Indian education coordinator for her tribe, she’s been encouraging teachers to reach out to Native communities directly if they’re seeking culturally and historically accurate programs.
“There’s this unwillingness to acknowledge that times have changed,” said Casey Figueroa, who worked for years as an interpreter at the museum until 2015. “The Native side of the Plymouth story has so much more to offer in terms of the issues we’re facing today, from immigration to racism and climate change, but they went backwards instead. They totally blew it.”
This article originally appeared on HuffPost and has been updated.
“Continued attacks and murders roused Connecticut to action. “All through the winter of 1636-37 the Connecticut towns were kept in a state of alarm by the savages. Men going to their work were killed and horribly mangled. A Wethersfield man was kidnapped and roasted alive. Emboldened by the success of this feat, the Pequots attacked Wethersfield, massacred ten people, and carried away two girls.” To help bring spiritual aid, Boston had declared a Fast Day on January 19, 1637, recognizing the “dangers of those at Connecticut.”
Cotton Mather records this event during this frightening time:
A Pequot-Indian, in a canoo, was espied by the English, within gunshot, carrying away an English maid, with a design to destroy her or abuse her. The soldiers fearing to kill the maid if they shot at the Indian, asked Mr. [Rev. John] Wilson’s counsel, who forbad them to fear, and assured them “God will direct the bullet!” They shot accordingly; and killed the Indian, though then moving swiftly upon the water, and saved the maid free from all harm whatever.
Little Shell attempted to sell his remaining lands for $1.00 per acre and be allowed to have at least 10,000,000 acres (40,000 km2) of remaining lands in Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota set aside as a Reservation. The Americans offered to pay 10 cents an acre (which became known as the infamous “Ten-Cent Treaty”) and refused to set aside the 10,000,000 acres (40,000 km2) reservation. No agreement was reached. The United States agent brought in 32 other Chippewa leaders who signed the treaty.
Little Shell’s Montana lands started at the Missouri River on the Montana-North Dakota border, then followed the Yellowstone river to its beginning, and probably included the Big Belt Mountains and Little Belt Mountains, and may have reached to the Rocky Mountains near Augusta. Of course, the plains Anishinaabeg shared their Montana lands with the Assiniboine and probably the Gros Ventre, as well.
Seal of Massachusetts
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Great Seal of Massachusetts)
|Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts|
|Armiger||Commonwealth of Massachusetts|
|Adopted||December 13, 1780|
|Motto||Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem|
|Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts|
|The simplified coat of arms used in the state flag and larger signage|
|Historical coat of arms (1876)|
|Armiger||Commonwealth of Massachusetts|
|Motto||Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem|
The Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts contains the coat of arms of Massachusetts. The coat of arms is encircled by the Latin text “Sigillum Reipublicæ Massachusettensis” (literally, The Seal of the Republic of Massachusetts). The Massachusetts Constitution designates the form of government a “commonwealth,” for which Respublica is the correct Latin term. The Seal uses as its central element the Coat of Arms of Massachusetts. An official emblem of the State, the Coat of Arms was adopted by the Legislature in 1775, and then reaffirmed by Governor John Hancock and his Council on December 13, 1780. The present rendition of the seal was drawn by resident-artist Edmund H. Garrett, and was adopted by the state in 1900. While the inscription around the seal is officially in Latin, a variant with “Commonwealth of Massachusetts” in English is also sometimes used.
Clockwise from top-left: the first seal of the Massachusetts Bay Colony with a crude portrayal of a Native with his arrow pointed in a gesture of peace, the 1775 revolutionary seal featuring the motto and armed sword which would appear disembodied upon the crest, and Little Shell, the Ojibwe chief who was model for the present-day seal.
The seal was adopted by the Provincial Congress on December 13, 1780. The shield depicts an “Indian” with bow and arrow; the arrow is pointed downward, signifying peace. A silver star with five points appears next to the figure’s head, although this is represented as white on the flag. A blue ribbon (blue, signifying the Blue Hills of Quincy, Canton and Milton) surrounds the shield, bearing the state motto “Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem” This comes from the Book of Mottoes in the Royal Danish Library in Copenhagen, Denmark; written about 1659 by Algernon Sydney, English soldier and politician. It was adopted in 1775 by the Provincial Congress and the literal translation is, “With a sword, she seeks quiet peace under liberty.” Although the looser English translation more commonly used is, “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.” Above the shield is the state military crest: a bent arm holding a broadsword aloft. The sword has its blade up, to remind that it was through the American Revolution that independence was won.
There have been a number of Seals of Massachusetts throughout history. The first seal of Massachusetts Bay Colony showed a nude American Indian with a bush covering his groin. Like the current seal, he held in his hand an arrow pointed down. A scroll came out over his mouth with the words “Come over and help us”, emphasizing the missionary and commercial intentions of the original colonists. This legend coming from the Indian’s mouth may originate with Acts 16:9: “And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.” (Authorized Version). This seal was used until 1686, shortly after the charter was annulled, and again from 1689-1692.
In 1775 the Revolutionary seal appeared, depicting a minuteman with a sword in his right hand and the magna carta in his left; following the Revolutionary War, the sword would later be incorporated into the crest of the traditional coat of arms. The Revolutionary seal would also mark the first time the Latin motto used by the state today appeared on a state seal, and meant that the colony no longer recognized the authority of the Royal Governor General Thomas Gage. The source is attributed to the letter written by a father of an English soldier and politician Algernon Sidney: “It is said that the University of Copenhagen brought their album unto you, desiring you to write something therein; and that you did scribere in albo these words: ‘Manus haec inimica tyrannis ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem’”. (Translated, this means “This hand of mine, which is hostile to tyrants, seeks by the sword quiet peace under liberty.”) The last words were then written in Sidney’s “Book of Mottoes”, particularly favored by some in the American colonies. Metrically, the motto is dactylic hexameter.
A stained glass window at the top of the Grand Staircase at the State House shows all the seals used in Massachusetts, including the royal seals of the Governors during colonial days.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Died||10 October 1672|
Thomas Wellman was born in about 1615 in England and died at Lynn, Massachusetts on 10 October 1672. He was among the early settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and progenitor of the Wellman family of New England. At age 21 he traveled from London to Barbados in 1634 or 1635 aboard Hopewell as part of a mass exodus of Puritans called the Great Migration.
- 1New life in America
- 2Second generation of Thomas Wellman’s family
- 3American revolution
New life in America
Thomas sailed from Barbados to Massachusetts and settled in Lynn about 1640, where he married Elizabeth (whose family surname has not been discovered) about 1642. At the time of his death, he owned 180 acres of land in Lynn. Their home on the east side of Summer Street in Lynn was occupied by several generations of Wellmans before being demolished in the 1830s.
Second generation of Thomas Wellman’s family
Thomas Wellman and his wife Elizabeth had five children: Abraham (born about 1643-died about 1717), Isaac (born about 1647-died after 1724), Elizabeth (born about 1660-died 1740), Sarah (born about 1662), and Mary (born about 1664).
- Abraham married Elizabeth Cogswell (born about 1648-died 1736) about 1668. She was the daughter of John Cogswell of Ipswich, Massachusetts. Abraham inherited half of his father’s land and the family home. Abraham and his wife Elizabeth made grand jury depositions concerning Sarah Cole of Lynn during the Salem witch trials. Abraham and his wife Elizabeth had eight children:
- Thomas (11 October 1669-died about 1735) six children.
- Elizabeth (16 February 1671 – 24 April 1673)
- Abraham (25 November 1673-died at sea after 26 October 1745) seven children.
- John (3 May 1676-died young)
- Elizabeth (born 25 July 1678) married three times.
- Abigail (died 1737 or 1738)
- Mary (died 1737) married Caleb Coye. 2 children.
- Martha became the 2nd wife of her 1st cousin Ebeneezer.
- Isaac married Hannah Adams (born January 1662 or 1663-died after May 1711) 13 March 1678 or 1679. She was the youngest daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Adams of Malden, Massachusetts. Issac inherited half of his father’s land. Isaac was a soldier in King Philip’s War and participated in the capture of Fort Narraganset on 19 December 1675. His heirs were among the grantees of Narraganset No. 2 (Westminster) in 1733. Isaac made a grand jury deposition concerning Sarah Cole during the Salem witch trials. Isaac and his wife Hannah had eleven children:
- Isaac (7 February 1679 – 19 September 1681)
- Stephen (6 September 1681 – 21 January 1767) six children.
- Hannah (born about 1683) the last record of Hannah was dated 1706.
- Sarah (born about 1685) married John Hall 7 March 1726 or 1727.
- Isaac (born about 1687-1740) five children.
- Ebeneezer (born about 1690) seven children.
- Joseph (born about 1693-died after 10 July 1770) twelve children.
- Timothy (born about 1696-5 February 1787) six children.
- Samuel (born about 1699-died before 20 July 1770) five children.
- Benjamin (born about 1702-died 1782) never married.
- Adam (born about 1705-1766) no children.
- Elizabeth married George Hull (born about 1650-died about April 1742) of Beverly, Massachusetts.
- The last record of Sarah was dated 22 October 1684.
- No record of Mary has been found after the death of her father.
- great-grandson Joseph Wellman (1737-1783/4) of Wrentham marched on Lexington in Captain Samuel Cowell’s company and served until 1779.
- great-great-grandson Thomas Wellman (1742–1818) of Lynnfield marched on Lexington in Captain Nathaniel Bancroft’s company and served until 1777.
- great-great-grandson Jonathan Wellman (1747–1822) of Lynnfield marched on Lexington in Captain Nathaniel Bancroft’s company.
- great-great-grandson Stephen Wellman (1746-after 1805) marched on Lexington in Captain Abraham Pierce’s company of Waltham militia and was a corporal at the Battle of Dorchester Heights.
- great-great-grandson Timothy Wellman (1757–1842) of Mansfield was a private in Captain Isaac Hodge’s company at the Battle of Dorchester Heights and the battle of Rhode Island.
- great-great-grandson Jacob Wellman (1746–1834) of Lyndeborough was wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill as a private in Captain Levi Spaulding’s company.
- great-great-grandson Joseph Wellman (1747–1831) was a private in Captain Abiel Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen.
- great-great-grandson Peter Wellman (1750–1791) was a private in Captain Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen and fought in the battle of Rhode Island.
- great-great-grandson Samuel Wellman (1751–1835) was a private in Captain Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen.
- great-great-grandson Ebenezer Wellman (1752–1831) was a private in Captain Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen and fought in the battle of Rhode Island.
- great-great-grandson Silas Wellman (1757-after 1818) was a private in Captain Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen and served until 1782 at West Point, New York.
- great-great-grandson Samuel Wellman (1760–1829) was a private in Captain Clapp’s Mansfield minutemen served until 1780 including the Battle of Trenton.
- great-great-grandson Isaac Wellman (1757–1840) of Cornish was a private in Captain Jonathan Chase’s company at the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga (1777).
- great-great-grandson James Wellman (1754–1841) of Cornish was a ranger in Captain Josiah Russell’s company at the siege of Fort Ticonderoga and the Saratoga campaign.
- great-great-grandson John Wellman (1758–1826) of Lyndeborough was a private in Colonel John Mellin’s regiment at the siege of Fort Ticonderoga and in 1778 a corporal in Captain Samuel Dearborn’s company in the battle of Rhode Island.
- great-grandson Reuben Wellman (1730–1798) was a private in the New Hampshire Regiment reinforcing the Continental Army at New York during the winter of 1776/7.
- great-great-grandson Solomon Wellman (1758–1841) of Cornish joined the Continental Army under General Horatio Gates for the Saratoga campaign.
- great-great-grandson Jacob Wellman (1761–1829) of Mansfield enlisted in 1776 and served through 1783 as a corporal at the battles of Saratoga, Monmouth, and Yorktown.
- great-great-grandson Abraham Wellman (1762–1829) of Lynn was a Continental Army drummer wounded at the battle of Monmouth.
- great-grandson Adam Wellman (1744/5-1802) of Wrentham was a gunner in Captain Perez Cushing’s artillery company from 1776 and a corporal in Captain Samuel Cowell’s company in 1778.
- great-grandson Elijah Wellman (1733–1790) of Attleborough was a private in Captain Stephen Richardson’s company in 1777 and in Captain Samuel Robinson’s company in 1780.
- great-great-grandson David Wellman (~1733-~1802) was a member of the Stoughtonham militia.
- great-grandson Jedediah Wellman (1748–1826) was a member of the Keene militia in 1776.
- great-great-grandson John Wellman (1755–1831) was a private in Captain Moses Knapp’s company from 1775 to 1776.
- great-great-grandson Caleb Wellman (1761–1822) was a private in Captain Zadok Buffington’s company in 1777 and in Captain Addison Richardson’s company of Essex County militia in 1780.
- great-great-grandson Oliver Wellman (1761–1848) of Mansfield enlisted in the First Massachusetts Regiment of the Continental Army from 1779 through 1781.
- great-great-grandson Benoni Wellman (1765–1840) enlisted in 1782 as a private in Colonel Jackson’s regiment.
- great-great-grandson Darius Wellman (~1761- ) was a corporal in the Athens, Vermont militia in 1782.
- great-grandson Adam Wellman (~1744-1786) of Salem was a privateer serving as lieutenant aboard the schooner Success in 1776, and commanding the brigantine Rover in 1780 and the schooner Jackal in 1782.
- great-grandson John Wellman (1748–1812) of Dedham was ship’s doctor aboard the brigantine Hawke in Commodore John Manley’s squadron.
- great-great-grandson Jedediah Wellman (1762–1858) of Danvers shipped aboard a privateer in 1776 and was taken prisoner at Portsmouth
- great-grandson Samuel Wellman (1727-before 1787) of Salem was captured by the British aboard the privateer sloop Gates in 1779.
- Samuel’s son Oliver Kempton Wellman (1763-before 1790) served aboard the privateer Junius Brutus in 1780.
- Samuel’s son Timothy Wellman (1768–1834) shipped aboard the sloop Tyrannicide in 1776 at the age of 8.
Two American towns have been named for the family:
Some notable members of the Wellman family in America:
- Lemuel Wellman Wright (1790-1886), inventor who lived in England from 1816 to 1857
- Bela Wellman (1819–1887), San Francisco Committee of Vigilance merchant during the California Gold Rush
- Abijah J. Wellman (1836–1889), New York state senator of the Wellman House
- Samuel T. Wellman (1847–1919), inventor
- Augustus Ogden Wellman (1850-1916), Santa Fe Railroad official for whom Wellman, Texas was named
- Arthur Holbrook Wellman (1855–1948), Massachusetts state senator
- Walter Wellman (1858–1934), journalist and explorer
- Jack London (1876–1916), author
- William A. Wellman (1896–1975), film director
- Harry R. Wellman (1899–1997), president of the University of California
- James Milo Wellman (1922–1971), founder of Wellman-Lord Engineering