Heinrich Reuss – Grand Master Teutonic Knights

I am kin to Heinrich Reuss.



Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014    Image result for Heinrich Reuß von Plauen    Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014
Hochmeister Heinrich Reuß von Plauen
 Heinrich Reuß von Plauen (died 2 January 1470) was the 32nd Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1467 to 1470. He was the nephew of the previous Grand Master, Ludwig von Erlichshausen, and a distant relative to the 27th Grand Master, Heinrich von Plauen.  Reuß von Plauen came from the Reuss family from Plauen, Thuringia. Incidentally, the family named every male child Heinrich (Henry). Earlier, the brothers Heinrich Reuss von Plauen the Elder and Heinrich Reuss von Plauen the Younger had served in the Thirteen Years’ War.

Reuß von Plauen joined the Teutonic Order at a young age. He was first a brother in a monastery in Germany. Reuß von Plauen arrived in Prussia in the 1420s when he became the Vogt of Dirschau. In 1433 he became the Komtur of Balga and in 1440 the Vogt of Natangia. From 1441, Reuß von Plauen held the position of the Grand Hospitaller and the Komtur of Elbing (Elbląg). As the Grand Master’s nephew, his influence in the Order grew and he advanced quickly. He took control of the Order’s army during the Thirteen Years’ War and became famous for destroying the Polish army in the Battle of Konitz. After the Second Peace of Thorn in 1466, Reuß von Plauen became the Komtur of Preußisch Holland.


After the 1467 death of his uncle, Grand Master Ludwig von Erlichshausen, Reuß von Plauen assumed control over of the Teutonic Order without having been elected Grand Master. He settled in Mohrungen and waited for further moves of King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland, hesitating to call the meeting of the Order’s capitulum to elect him de jure. Pressured by Casimir, he finally called the capitulum in 1469 to Königsberg. This was just a formality as the decision was unanimous and Reuß von Plauen was declared the 32nd Grand Master of the Teutonic Order on 17 October 1469. Reuß von Plauen went to Piotrków Trybunalski to attend the sejm where he paid homage to Casimir IV. On his way back to Prussia he suffered a stroke and became paralyzed which made further travel impossible. Reuß von Plauen died in Mohrungen on 2 January 1470 and was buried in Königsberg Cathedral.


House of Reuss




Lords of Reuss 1106-1206
Egbert I, (d.1122), Ancestor of the House of Reuss.

Reuss divided 1206:
Lords of Reuss- 1206-1532 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Gera 1206-1425 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Gera 1425-1479 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Lobenstein 1425-1547 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Plauen 1206-1303
Lords of
Reuss-Plauen 1303-1569 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Greiz 1303

Reuss-Greiz divided 1564:
Lords of Reuss of Unter-Greiz 1564-1673
Counts of
Reuss of Unter-Greiz 1673-1678
Counts of
Reuss of Greiz 1678-1778
Princes of
Reuss of Senior Line(Greiz) 1778-1927 ex.
Lords of Reuss of Ober-Greiz 1564-1616 ex.
Lords of
Reuss- 1564-1647


Princes of Reuss of Senior Line(Greiz)

Reuss-Gera divided 1647:
Lords of Reuss-Gera 1647-1673
Counts of Reuss- 1673-1802 ex.
Lords of
Reuss-Schleiz 1647-1673
Counts of
Reuss-Schleiz 1673-1692
Lords of
Reuss-Lobenstein 1647-1673
Counts of
Reuss-Lobenstein 1673–1678

Reuss-Schleiz divided 1692:
Counts of Reuss-Schleiz 1692-1802
Counts of
Reuss-Schleiz-Gera 1802-1806
Princes of
Reuss-Schleiz-Gera 1806-1848
Princes of
Reuss Junior Line 1848-present
Counts of Reuss-Schleiz-Köstriz 1692-1817
Princes of
Reuss-Schleiz-Köstriz 1817-present

Princes of Reuss Junior Line

Princes of Reuss Junior Line

Reuss-Lobenstein divided 1678:
Counts of Reuss-Lobenstein 1673–1790
Princes of
Reuss-Lobenstein 1790–1824 ex.
Counts of
Reuss-Ebersdorf 1678–1806
Princes of
Reuss-Ebersdorf 1806–24
Princes of
Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf 1824–48 ex.


Princes of Reuss-Lobenstein

All of the male members of the House of Reuss are named Heinrich/ Henry plus a number. The first male child born in each century is named Heinrich/Henry I, the second Heinrich/Henry II and so on until the beginning of the new century when the numbering begins anew. This odd regulation was formulated as a Family Law in 1688, but the tradition of the uniformity of name was in practice as early as 1200. It was seen as a way of honouring the Emperor Henry VI who raised Henry the Rich (+1209) to the office of provost of the Cloister in Quedlinburg.

  • Heinrich Reuß von Plauen ‘the Elder’,(c.1370–1429), 27th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, from 1410-1413.
  • Heinrich Reuß von Plauen ‘the Younger’ (d. 1470), 32nd Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, from 1467-70.
  • Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss of Junior Line(Schleiz) reigned 1867-1913 founded the Princely Honour Cross (Fürstlich Reussisches Ehrenkreuz) on May 24, 1869. When his son Fürst Heinrich XXVII was made regent of the Reuss Elder Line in 1902, the Honour Cross was extended to that state as well. Thus, from 1902 to 1913, Heinrich XIV awarded the Honour Cross as Fürst of the Reuss Younger Line while his son awarded it as regent in the name of Heinrich XXIV of the Reuss Elder Line. In 1913, with Heinrich XIV’s death, Heinrich XXVII awarded it for both houses (although in the case of the Reuss Elder Line, still in the name of Heinrich XXIV).

Grand Master of the Teutonic Order


Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss of Junior Line

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