The Church of Art

This morning as I awoke and began to recite the edicts of the Church I am bid to found, called the Church of Art….CHART. It will be secular in nature and founded upon the religious history of the Rosemond family that came from Holland. CHARTS.

I went to my computer, turned it on, and gasped! At 7:00 A.M. I beheld the door to the Church of  Art. I have traced these portals by the sea in this blog.

The purpose of CHART is to take away the shame being applied to women who I see as Beautiful Co-Creators. CHARTS will sanction Abortions and Contraceptives that have become a political weapon of racists. The Nazarite Mothers were given permission to manipulate Divine Births via the Abstinence of Alcohol. Last night I watched the series Prohibition by Ken Burns. This was a Woman’s Movement rooted in the church, that sought to create a Sancturary from the abusers of alcohol. Aspects of the Eighteenth Amendment can be revived in order to establish Government permission in regards to the New Creative Arts that I will put forth, in time. We are Stewards of Planet Earth.

In looking for spiritual and religious permission I looked at my families involvement in the Order of Saint Francis in Iowa where many religious people are establishing a Sanctuary State. My families history allows me to offer aspects of the teaching of Saint Francis.

Here are the notes I took in the last two hours. Check back to see the progress as CHART comes to be. I believe this new church is ordained by God.

Jon ‘The Nazarite’

Mother Mary Dominica Wieneke




Wieneke445Here lies the hoarded love the key
To All the treasure that shall be
Come fated heart the gift to take
And smite the sleeping world awake.”

Here is a video that contains a photo of Mother Mary Dominica Wieneke, Major Superior of the Sisters of Saint Francis of Dubuque. Her cousin, Mary Magdalene Wieneke-Rosamond, was my grandmother, the mother of Rosemary Rosamond.

Above is an amazing photo of the groundbreaking ceremony for Briar Cliff College that is located on the Missouri River overlooking the states of South Dakota and Nebraska. I might do a painting of this scene because more than likely there are more than twenty of my kindred in it. My grandmother Mary is above in white.

Look at those beautiful children who want their shot at life even though they know they are crippled. They are filled with hope. How can anyone who claims they are a Christian, talk about taking away hope from any child who suffers?

Jon Presco

In March 1929, Mother Mary Dominica Wieneke, Major Superior of the Sisters of Saint Francis of Dubuque, along with the Most Rev. Edmond Heelan, Bishop of the Sioux City Diocese, co-founded Briar Cliff College after meeting with members of the Sioux City community, who committed to raising $25,000 to support the establishment of a Catholic women’s college in Sioux City. The twelve foundresses of the College were carefully chosen by Mother Dominica. They were led by Sister Mary Servatius Greenen, who was named the first president.[2]

Founding History – up to 1877

Nov. 1864 – With nationalistic tension rising, the Sisters of the Holy Cross withdraw from Herford. (This would have been just after the end of the Second Schleswig War.) Sister M. Xavier remains behind to establish a local community under the Rule of the Third Order Regular of St. Francis. She is joined by two postulants who had been Sisters in her previous community. They are then joined by two new postulants from the area, one of whom was Theresia Krasse.

Feb. 11, 1868 – Sixteen Postulants receive the habit of the new community, the “Poor Sisters of Mercy of the Third Order of Saint Francis”  (Today they are called the Sisters of St. Francis of Dubuque, Iowa). Theresia Krasse takes the name Sister M. Frances.  (Of course this would have been in German, Schwester Maria Francisca.)

Nov. 19, 1869 – The sixteen novices pronounce vows for five years and seven postulants receive the habit.

1870 – The Franco-Prussian War starts. A number of Sisters volunteer to nurse the wounded and dying soldiers. Five Sisters died of tuberculosis contracted while nursing the soldiers.

Jan. 1872 – The Iron Cross for distinguished service (or perhaps more accurately, the The Prussian Cross of Merit for Women and Young Women) was presented to Sister M. Xavier in recognition of the services rendered by the Sisters. Father Pywick, S.J. warns them “Do not be elated by the praise you are receiving now. In a few years these same officials that now flatter you will banish you.”

May 31, 1875 – A law passed under Bismarck’s Kulterkampf “closed all monasteries in Prussia, and expelled from Prussian territory all members of religious orders, with the exception of those who cared for the sick—and they were variously restricted.”

Aug. 21, 1875 – As a result of Bismark’s May Laws, the whole community of 25 sisters and four postulants boarded the P. Caland and sailed to America.

Sept. 6, 1875 – The Sisters land in New York

Sept. 8, 1875 – The Sisters are welcomed in Iowa City, Iowa. (Father William Emonds, a German priest at St. Mary’s church in Iowa City, had offered to help them establish a house in his parish.)

Father Bernard Baak headstoneMay 22, 1876 – The Sisters open their new orphanage and school “Mount Mary”. Due to their poverty, Mother Xavier had to send Sisters out on extensive begging trips to raise funds to support them. They came to Peoria on one of these begging trips and met a Father Bernard Baak, pastor of St. Joseph Church, who asked them to set up a hospital in Peoria.

Oct. 28, 1876 – Six sisters, led by Sister M. Frances Krasse, arrive in Peoria to set up a Hospital in a rented three-story house on Adam’s Street. They named the hospital St. Francis Hospital.

When Sister Mary Frances Krasse and her five companions arrived in Peoria in October of 1876 to begin caring for the sick, they first went to St. Joseph’s Church on the South side of Peoria for a visit. They became familiar with the parish Church and its German pastor, Father Bernard Baak on earlier begging trips to Peoria. The Sisters walked into the Church and went up to the front. Sister M. Frances Krasse said out loud in the hearing of her companions: “I promise you, God, I will never turn anyone away you send to me for care.” And then, after a brief pause, and almost as if she had heard a response to her promise, she turned to her companions and said: “The God who called us to Peoria will be the God who will always provide for us.”

Nov. 4, 1876 – They admit their first patient to the hospital.

Feb. 16, 1877 – Mother Xavier comes to visit. After seeing their great need for help, she sends them more Sisters.

March, 1877 – The city requests that the Sisters take charge of the old city hospital and the connected contagious hospital.

May 1, 1877 – The first Bishop of Peoria, Bishop John Lancaster Spalding, was consecrated in New York.

May 22, 1877 – Bishop Spalding arrives in Peoria.

July 16, 1877 – At the request of the new Bishop, the Sisters are released to form their own separate congregation, The Sisters of the Third Order of Saint Francis of Peoria, Illinois. Mother M. Frances Krasse is elected their first Mother General.

Godschalk Rosemondt – Renaissance Man

I will be launching a crusade to establish Living National Treasures here in the United States, and Holland. I believe Drew Benton and myself should be declared National Treasures, and our creative endeavors funded by the American Tax Payer who is being subverted by the Dixiecrat minion of Jessie Helms who bid ignorant neo-Confederated Trailer-trash and Nascar Drunkards to use the National Endowment of the Arts for target practice.Drew and myself are heirs to the Dutch Renaissance, the Reformation, as well as the founders of the Abolitionist Republican Party that has been taken over by the false Evangelical religion who use our tax structure as a means to empower the Ignorant and the Destructive so that our young people will go willingly on another of their crusades against Islam. Dixicrats have always been the American Taliban, who will never get over Confederate Traitors and Terrorists losing the Civil War that began when they seceded from the United States of America.

That this fake religion empowers our military in their evil cultural warfare, poses a threat to Western Culture as established by so called Renaissance Men. Without these men, America would be ruled by the Pope in Rome. There would be no Democracy. The Papacy, who demanded to be the only Christian religion in the world, not once considered founding a democracy. Indeed, they have done their damnedest to crush the very thought. This very day the Papacy pretends to embrace the Mormons and Evangelicals, but behind closed doors, labels these newcomers a heretical church – along with the Protestant church.

Godeschalk Rosemondt was the model Renaissance Man who I discovered in the thousands of hours spent studying our family history and genealogy. I got paid no salary, and have exalted my family – forever! They will be immortals as I reveal Rosemondts important contribution that has been hidden from view, his history all but disappeared due to the struggle the Reformers had with the Inquisition. Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code is fiction. Here is the real thing. What Baigent and Leigh eluded to in their book ‘Holy Blood, Holy Grail’ is substantiated in my fourteen year study of The Rose of the World.

Rosemondt and other esteemed faculty members were forced to take part in the Inquisition after Inquisitors accused the whole faculty of being heretics and supporters of Martin Luther. This amounts to a purge of men of art and intellect, and is the reason these Renaissance Men vanish from history, they forced to pass judgment on men who became famous martyrs of the Reformation. In this Loyalty Check, the Reformation is born, for these men suffered for their Sophia, their divine knowledge that was sympathetic to new ideas, as the Knights Templar allegedly suffered for the same reason.

In letters written by the Renaissance Man, Erasmus to Rosemondt, and in a letter to Renaissance Man, Thomas Moore, the liberalism of my kindred is discussed, he asked to mediate a meeting between Erasmus and his accuser, a famous Dutch Inquisitor. Rosemondt was the executor of Pope Adrien’s Will, and founded a Pauper’s College which was the beginning of Affirmative Action and a Level Playing Field, which is at the root of Democracy and the idea that WE ARE ALL CREATED EQUAL IN THE EYE OF OUR CREATOR.

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

Godfather to Elizabeth Taylor[edit]

Cazalet, who had a passion for fine art, became a close friend of American art gallery owners Francis Taylor and his wife Sara, parents of Elizabeth, after they had moved from the U.S. to London in 1936.[1] Cazalet let the Taylor family, who were also Christian Scientists, spend their weekends in a separate 16th century cottage on his estate in Kent.[1] He wanted them to think of England as their new home.[22]:13

He gave 4-year-old Elizabeth a horse named Betty as a gift, which she would ride bareback throughout the property.[1] The Taylors asked him to be her godfather, after which he became an important influence during her early life.[1] At one time while Elizabeth suffered the first of many near-fatal illnesses, Elizabeth begged her mother to “please call Victor and ask him to come and sit with me.” Cazalet then drove ninety miles through thick fog to be at her side.[24] When he arrived, recalled her mother, “Victor sat on the bed and held Elizabeth in his arms and talked to her about God,” and soon after the fever had broken.[22]:14

At a lunch with Churchill in April 1939, Cazalet learned that a war was coming, and was permitted by Churchill to inform others.[22]:24 Cazalet, concerned for the Taylor family’s safety, urged Francis to close his art gallery as soon as possible and return with his family to America. Because of the time needed to vacate the gallery, he suggested that Sara and his children should be sent back alone where Francis could later join them. They took his advice and eventually ended up in Los Angeles where he established a new gallery.[1]

As Cazalet was an acquaintance of screen actor DeWolf Hopper and his former wife, Hollywood columnist Hedda Hopper, he sent a letter of introduction on behalf of Elizabeth to Ms. Hopper, to help 7-year-old Elizabeth become involved in acting.[1][24] Hopper met with Elizabeth and Sara and offered to help. Months later, Cazalet wrote in his diary for 16 April 1941, “Imagine excitement of Taylors. Elizabeth has a contract for seven years with a big cinema group.”[22]:33

On May 8, 1913, she married actor and singer DeWolf Hopper in New Jersey. They had one child, William, who later played Paul Drake in the Perry Mason series.[14] They were divorced in 1922.[15]

DANANG, Vietnam — President Trump delivered a fiery speech on trade here Friday, declaring that he would not allow the United States to be “taken advantage of anymore” and planned to place “America first.”

President Trump’s proposed budget calls for big cuts in a wide array of domestic programs — among them, agencies that fund the arts, humanities and public media.

Funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting would be cut to zero under the proposal, and the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities would be eliminated entirely, the first time any president has proposed such a measure.

The spending outline is what White House Budget Director Mick Mulvaney calls a “hard-power budget,” with spending increases for defense and homeland security at the expense of many other programs in the discretionary part of the budget.

Mulvaney appeared on MSNBC Thursday morning to defend the proposal.

“Can we really continue to ask a coal miner in West Virginia or a single mom in Detroit to pay for these programs?” he asked. “The answer was no. We can ask them to pay for defense and we will, but we can’t ask them to continue to pay for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.”

CPB received $445 million in federal funding in the last fiscal year; the NEA and NEH got about $148 million each — a tiny portion of the roughly $4 trillion federal budget.

In a statement, CPB President and CEO Patricia Harrison said, “There is no viable substitute for federal funding that ensures Americans have universal access to public media’s education and informational programming and services.” She called public media “one of America’s best investments,” costing “approximately $1.35 per citizen per year.”

Most CPB funds go directly to local radio and TV stations. NPR’s funding sources include the program fees those stations pay, and the network receives less than 2 percent of its budget directly from CPB.

As anti-abortion rights activists gather at the National Mall for the 45th annual rally known as the March for Life, they’ll hear a history-making address from the man who’s become an unlikely champion of their cause: President Trump.

Trump is scheduled to speak live via satellite from the White House Rose Garden before marchers begin their walk through the nation’s capital in protest of legalized abortion.

A statement from Planned Parenthood condemns Trump’s participation in the rally, noting that abortion has been legal for more than 40 years and saying that Trump and his administration have been “laser-focused on using their power to control women’s bodies.”

Courting social conservatives

Trump’s speech will mark the first time in the event’s history that a sitting president has addressed the crowd live via video feed, organizers say. Previous Republican presidents, including Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush, have spoken to the marchers by phone. Last year, Vice President Mike Pence became the highest-ranking official to speak in person at the march.

Despite his history of previously expressing support for abortion rights, Trump carefully courted social conservatives and abortion opponents during his campaign. He nearly took that too far at one point, showing his lack of familiarity with the anti-abortion rights movement by getting far off message when he told an interviewer that he would support punishing women who seek abortions. Trump quickly walked that back after drawing criticism from people on both sides of the abortion debate.

As president, he’s continued to align himself with the movement through a series of executive orders, administration appointees and nominations to the courts — most notably the nomination of Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch.

Social conservatives have wielded substantial influence over Trump’s Department of Health and Human Services, or HHS. In recent months, abortion-rights advocates have taken the administration to court after multiple efforts by HHS to block undocumented immigrants from obtaining abortions.

Trump’s speech comes on the heels of another victory for religious conservatives: the announcement that the HHS Office of Civil Rights is creating a “Conscience and Religious Freedom Division” with the stated goal of protecting the rights of health workers who object to participating in abortions or treating transgender patients.

Anti-abortion rights groups praised the move. Susan B. Anthony List President Marjorie Dannenfelser thanked President Trump and called the action “an essential step to protect pro-life nurses” and other health workers.

The American Civil Liberties Union, which supports abortion rights, was quick to condemn the administration’s action. The ACLU’s deputy legal director, Louise Melling, issued a statement accusing the Trump administration of “doubling down on licensing discrimination against women and LGBT people, all in the name of religion.”

Destiny Herndon-De La Rosa, president and founder of the advocacy group New Wave Feminists, says she will attend the march to offer a different perspective.

“Often, the march is stereotyped,” says Herndon-De La Rosa, who is traveling from Dallas to attend the march. “And there’s actually a ton of people who come from different backgrounds. A lot of times they don’t feel like they have a place in the pro-life movement. This group is nontraditional pro-lifers.”

While she says she understands why the president was invited to speak to the marchers, Herndon-De La Rosa is not happy about it.

“It bothers me personally because I would love to see this become a nonpartisan issue,” she says. “To me, this is a human rights issue. And it’s not something that should be tied to the GOP or one religious institution. It should be about people who believe that abortion is violence against the weakest and most vulnerable human beings in the human family.”

This year’s march will come just ahead of events this weekend planned to mark the first anniversary of the Women’s March. The event, which drew millions of women and their families and friends to Washington, D.C. and other cities around the world the day after Trump’s inauguration, was seen as a repudiation of Trump’s views on women’s rights, racial equality, immigration and other issues.

Other speakers at the March for Life include Roman Catholic leaders; Pam Tebow, the mother of former NFL quarterback Tim Tebow known for his conservative Christian beliefs; and several members of Congress who oppose abortion rights, including House Speaker Paul Ryan and Rep. Dan Lipinski, a Democrat from Illinois.

Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author’s imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.[1][2] In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic dissemination of art.

The oldest documented forms of art are visual arts, which include creation of images or objects in fields including today painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, and other visual media.

Architecture is often included as one of the visual arts; however, like the decorative arts, or advertising,[3] it involves the creation of objects where the practical considerations of use are essential—in a way that they usually are not in a painting, for example.

Music, theatre, film, dance, and other performing arts, as well as literature and other media such as interactive media, are included in a broader definition of art or the arts.[1][4] Until the 17th century, art referred to any skill or mastery and was not differentiated from crafts or sciences.

In modern usage after the 17th century, where aesthetic considerations are paramount, the fine arts are separated and distinguished from acquired skills in general, such as the decorative or applied arts.

Art may be characterized in terms of mimesis (its representation of reality), narrative (storytelling), expression, communication of emotion, or other qualities. During the Romantic period, art came to be seen as “a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science”.[5]

Though the definition of what constitutes art is disputed[6][7][8] and has changed over time, general descriptions mention an idea of imaginative or technical skill stemming from human agency[9] and creation.[10]

The nature of art and related concepts, such as creativity and interpretation, are explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics

Rooted in the Gospel and in the spirit of Francis and Clare, the Sisters of St. Francis live in right relationship with all creation.

In our personal, communal and public lives, the Sisters of St. Francis commit to ongoing conversion as we:

  • deepen our relationship with Mother Earth and Sister Water;
  • stand with persons who are poor;
  • and make peace and practice non-violence.

This is who we are, this is what the global community
can expect from us.

From 8:30 a.m. to 11:30, on Saturday, January 20, Duane Short will begin a five-part series that explores the wisdom in Native American people’s understandings of, and humanity’s relationship with creation. Each session, which will also be held from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. on Saturday, February 10; Saturday, March 17; Saturday, April 21; and Saturday, May 19, will reflect on two of the 10 Native American commandments, and offer opportunities for application to everyday life through small and large group sharing.  The cost for each session is $15, or $50 if registering for all five sessions.  Registration is due on Saturday, January 13.  Duane is a lifelong agriculturist and is a master degree student in pastoral studies from Loyola University in New Orleans. He contributes to a blog titled, “Agriculturist Turned Pastoral Scholar,” on the National Catholic Rural Life website.   He and his family live in Story County, Iowa.

From 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. on Saturday February 3, Sister Meg Gemar, OSF will share various perspectives of creation, from the Genesis accounts and indigenous peoples to current science and its discoveries about the universe.


The influence of the Franciscan Third Order Secular upon the society of medieval Europe was significant. The prohibition against carrying arms dealt a blow to the feudal system and to the ever-fighting factions of Italian municipalities.[7] The admission to the Order of members from all stations in life on an equal basis helped to promote social change and equality of opportunity in a period of rigid social stratification.

Clement VII in 1526 and Pope Paul III in 1547 mitigated the rule on fasts and abstinence, but the Rule as given by Nicholas IV (ca. 1290) was essentially unchanged. In 1883, Pope Leo XIII, himself a tertiary, through the Apostolic Constitution Misericors Dei Filius, modified the text, adapting it more to the modern state and needs of the society, although the substantial points remained. Members of the Order gather in ecclesiastical communities which are called fraternities. The direction was entrusted to the three branches of the First Order: Friars Minor, Conventuals, Capuchins, and to the Regular Third Order.

Notable members include Louis IX of France, Ferdinand III of Castile, Elizabeth of Portugal, Rose of Viterbo, and Margaret of Cortona among others.[

Secular Franciscans in the United States

Early Franciscan missionaries established fraternities in the Southern and Southwestern states, where there was extensive French and Spanish Catholic influence. A fraternity was established at Santa Fe before 1680. Another fraternity operated in New Mexico almost from the time of the Reconquest (1692–1695), as reported by the Father Guardian (custos), José Bernal, dated Santa Fe, 17 September 1794. It is likely that a confraternity was founded at St. Augustine, Florida, before the close of the 16th century, as this was the first Spanish settlement in what is now the United States. One was established at San Antonio, Texas, before the middle of the 18th century. The establishment of provinces of the order of Friars Minor brought about the establishment of many confraternities. In 1919 a number of friar provincials decided to set up a national organization.[19]

With the approval of a new Rule in 1978, the fraternities were reorganized as an independent arm of the Franciscan Movement. The National Fraternity of the United States was formed and divided into thirty regions. As of 2016, there are over 12,000 Secular Franciscans in the United States.[20]

Secular Franciscans in Oceania

The Secular Franciscans Oceania is the National Fraternity for Australia, Papua New Guinea, Sabah, and Singapore. New Zealand has its own National Fraternity.

Iowa’s Faith Communities Offering Refuge

Sanctuary is one of the most ancient traditions that we have as a people of faith. 

Sanctuary is about providing safe refuge to those who are victims of unjust laws.

Sanctuary is playing a critical role in responding to the current post-election fear and uncertainty that many immigrant families in our communities are facing.

Faith communities in Iowa are moved by the call to love our neighbors as ourselves, as those who are in need of sanctuary are most often long term members of our communities- our neighbors.

Along with partners around the state and country, we have been advocating for welcoming, humane and commonsense policies on the local, state and federal levels for years. Now is the time for us to escalate these efforts and put some skin in the game to keep families together.

After last year’s campaign season filled with divisive rhetoric, President Donald Trump’s initial days in the White House have confirmed advocates’ worst fears for refugees and immigrants. Many people of faith had hoped that the new president would not follow through on some of the ideas that he had proposed. Commonsense Iowans from all walks of life thought that surely his rhetoric was just meant to drum up fervor and mobilize his base, but that he’d never act on such outrageous proposals. Unfortunately, we are seeing his campaign promises become harsh reality; years of failure to act on the part of Congress has left our immigration system badly in need of updates; and Iowa’s legislators have introduced a politically charged anti-immigrant bill that echoes the president’s divisive rhetoric (HSB 67).

Iowa’s faith communities are coming together and moving into action to protect families, to protect our immigrant neighbors from an unjust immigration system and to launch a prophetic resistance to Trump’s extreme, inhumane measures. We are building on our rich, ancient traditions and biblical teachings of loving our neighbors and providing refuge from unjust laws by reengaging in the act of sanctuary. Building off of the underground railroad and the sanctuary movement of the 1980s, Iowa faith leaders are opening a dialogue to determine how to live out our unique responsibility to protect our most vulnerable from threats to separate them from their families. Our moral, ethical and spiritual call to resist unjust laws has seen a nationwide reemergence as people of faith learn more and take steps to become sanctuary spaces for people who fear or face deportation.

Photo: AFSC

Media Contact: Erica Johnson
Phone: 515-209-2733

Iowans Offer Their Churches as Sanctuary to People at Risk of Deportation
A call for action to protect immigrant families

Des Moines, Iowa — Eleven Iowa congregations recently announced the formation of the Iowa Sanctuary Movement, a network of faith communities which are the first in the state’s recent history to publicly offer sanctuary and support to immigrant families who are targeted under the Trump administration’s expanded detention operation.

More than one-third of undocumented immigrants are raising at least one US citizen child under the age of 18. In Iowa, groups tracking Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) operations and providing support to families report that families are being separated and mothers being left to care for children when ICE arrests the father. ICE’s increased enforcement operations are especially impacting Latino families in Iowa, 75% of which have children under 18 years of age.

We remember our Holy Scriptures are univocal in their hospitality commands,” said Rev. Ryan Arnold, pastor of First Christian Church in Des Moines. “Saint Paul, writing to the Church in Rome instructed, ‘Let your love be genuine … extend hospitality to immigrants, We remember that throughout Christian history, houses of worship have served as safe-havens for vulnerable people escaping state-sanctioned violence and seeking due process under the law.”

On Father’s Day, June 18, the “Iowa Dads in Detention” event at First Christian Church brought together 85 people to learn about the statewide impact of recent ICE raids on Iowa families. The two-part event featured a panel discussion as well as a declaration from leaders of the Iowa Sanctuary Movement offering their congregations as safe refuge for those who fear or face deportation.

More information is available at,_2016

The Eighteenth Amendment was the result of decades of effort by the temperance movement in the United States and at the time was generally considered a progressive amendment.[2] Starting in 1906, the Anti-Saloon League (ASL) began leading a campaign to ban the sale of alcohol on a state level. They led speeches, advertisements, and public demonstrations, claiming that banning the sale of alcohol would get rid of poverty and social issues, such as immoral behavior and violence. It would also inspire new forms of sociability between men and women and they believed that families would be happier, fewer industrial mistakes would be made and overall, the world would be a better place.[3] Other groups such as the Women’s Christian Temperance Union began as well trying to ban the sale, manufacturing, and distribution of alcoholic beverages.[3] A well-known reformer during this time period was Carrie Amelia Moore Nation, whose violent actions (such as vandalizing saloon property) made her a household name across America.[4] Many state legislatures had already enacted statewide prohibition prior to the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment but did not ban the consumption of alcohol in most households. It took some states longer than others to ratify this amendment, especially northern states such as: New York, New Jersey, and Massachusetts. They violated the law by still allowing some wines and beers to be sold.[3] By 1916, 23 of 48 states had already passed laws against saloons, some even banning the manufacture of alcohol in the first place.[4]

The Temperance Movement[edit]

The Temperance Movement, was dedicated to the complete abstinence of alcohol from public life. The movement began in the early 1800s within the church, and was very religiously motivated. The central areas the group was founded out of were in the Saratoga area of New York, as well as in Massachusetts. Churches were also highly influential in gaining new members and support, garnering 6,000 local societies in several different states.[5]

A group that was inspired by the movement was the Anti-Saloon league, who at the turn of the 20th century began heavily lobbying for prohibition in the United States. The group was founded in 1893 in the state of Ohio, gaining massive support from Evangelical Protestants, to becoming a national organization in 1895. The group was successful in helping implement prohibition, through heavy lobbying and having a vast influence. The group following repeal of prohibition fell out of power and in 1950 merged with other groups forming the National Temperance League.[6]

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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1 Response to The Church of Art

  1. Reblogged this on Rosamond Press and commented:

    Build the Chirch of Art in the shadow of the Portreo Smokestack! We are running out of TIME!

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