The Knights of Malta are in rebellion against the Pope over condom scandal. Festing’s mother lived in Swinburne Castle. There is another Swinburne castle located on the Isle of Wight. Did Sir Ian Easton know Field Marshal Sir Francis Wogan Festing?
Today, Festing did so, with communiques from both the Vatican and the Knights of Malta announcing the news of the resignation, and the news that Pope Francis has accepted the resignation. (Though, technically, the resignation must be presented on January 28 to the Malta order’s governing council, which must accept it to make it official, and only then inform the Pope for his knowledge; but the Pope’s acceptance of the resignation having already occurred, it is not clear what purpose the January 28 meeting can have.)
The Saturday meeting is no rubber-stamp formality: It’s evidence of the order’s sovereign status under international law, which is recognized by the more than 100 countries that have diplomatic relations with the Knights of Malta and essentially consider it a state.
Festing, a 67-year-old British aristocrat, met Tuesday with Pope Francis and said he would resign after he lost an internal power struggle that started with a scandal over condoms. Festing sacked the Knights’ foreign minister, Albrecht von Boeselager, over the condom scandal.
But the Vatican intervened on Boeselager’s behalf and announced this week that the pope had accepted Festing’s resignation and would name a papal delegate to run the order.
The Knights of Malta is an ancient chivalric order that runs hospitals and clinics around the world. It counts 13,500 Knights, Dames and chaplains, 80,000 permanent volunteers and 25,000 employees, most of them medical personnel who lend first aid in war zones, natural disasters and conflict areas.
The Knights are questioning the pope’s right to name a delegate to govern the order, since its sovereign constitution clearly sets out the process for selecting interim leadership and the election of a new grand master.
Field Marshal Sir Francis Wogan Festing was born on 28 August 1902.1 He married Mary Cecilia Riddell, daughter of Cuthbert David Giffard Riddell and Evelyn Mary Liddell, on 29 September 1937.1 He died on 3 August 1976 at age 73.3
He was educated at Winchester College, Winchester, Hampshire, EnglandG.1 He was educated at Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Berkshire, EnglandG.1 He was commissioned in 1923, in the service of the The Rifle Brigade.1 He fought in the Second World War, where he was mentioned in despatches.1 He was commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment between 1940 and 1941.1 He was commanding officer of the 29th Independent Brigade in 1941.1 He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) in 1942.1 He was commanding officer of the 36th Division in Burma.1 He was General Officer Commanding of the Land Forces, Hong Kong in 1945.1 He was awarded the Order of the Cloud and Banner of China.1 He was awarded the Commander, Legion of Merit U.S.1 He was General Officer Commanding in Chief of the British Forces, Hong Kong in 1949.1 He was appointed Knight Commander, Order of the British Empire (K.B.E.) in 1952.1 He was General Officer Commanding of the British Troops in Egypt between 1952 and 1954.1 He was Colonel of the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers between 1953 and 1965.1 He was General Officer Commanding in Chief of the Eastern Command between 1954 and 1956.1 He was General Officer Commanding of the Fa East Land Forces between 1956 and 1958.1 He was appointed Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) in 1957.1 He held the office of Aide-de-Camp to HM Queen Elizabeth II between 1958 and 1960.1 He was Chief of Imperial General Staff between 1958 and 1962.1 He was Colonel of the 3rd Green Jackets Rifle Brigade between 1958 and 1966.1 He gained the rank of Field Marshal in 1960.1 He held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) for Northumberland in 1962.1 He was awarded the Knight, Sovereign Military Order of Malta in 1963.1 He was Colonel of the Royal Green Jackets in 1966.1 He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) by Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, EnglandG.1 He lived at Birks, Tarset, Northumberland, EnglandG.1
Children of Field Marshal Sir Francis Wogan Festing and Mary Cecilia Riddell
- John Francis Christian Festing1 b. 25 Jul 1938
- Major Michael Wogan Festing1 b. 2 Aug 1939
- Andrew Thomas Festing1 b. 30 Nov 1941
- Robert Matthew Festing1 b. 30 Nov 1949
Cuthbert David Giffard Riddell1M, #320279, b. 5 September 1868, d. 16 October 1937Last Edited=10 Aug 2011Cuthbert David Giffard Riddell was born on 5 September 1868.2 He was the son of Giffard Riddell.3 He married, firstly, May Miriam Montagu, daughter of Rt. Hon. Lord Robert Montagu and Elizabeth Catherine Wade, on 5 August 1896.2 He married, secondly, Evelyn Mary Liddell, daughter of Matthew Liddell, on 9 May 1905.2 He died on 16 October 1937 at age 69.2
He lived at Swinburne Castle, Northumberland, EnglandG.1 He lived at Felton Park, Northumberland, EnglandG.1
“Festing is the grand master,” order spokesman Eugenio Ajroldi di Robbiate told The Associated Press. “If he resigns, the sovereign council will take the appropriate decisions.”
The saga has sown chaos within the Knights, but the Vatican’s actions have added to the tumult.
For starters, Francis named a commission to gather information about Boeselager’s ouster, and packed it with Boeselager allies. They were essentially asked to report back objectively on a power struggle between a friend and the religious superior – Festing – who removed him.
Then, the Vatican seemed to ignore the order’s sovereign status altogether in announcing Festing’s resignation and that a papal delegate would be named to govern.
And finally, Francis’ deputy, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, said in a letter this week that all of Festing’s decisions since Boeselager’s Dec. 6 ouster were “null and void” and that the papal delegate would “assist the order in the renewal process which is seen as necessary.”
Here below, a picture of Pope Francis with Festing, who has just resigned as head of the Knights of Malta; in the background on the left is Archbishop Georg Gaenswein, Prefect of the Pontifical Household and personal secretary of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI
So the Knights of Malta are suddenly without a leader.
Moreover, in a further startling development, the Vatican has announced that Pope Francis will soon announce his personal choice to be his “delegate” to temporarily run the more than 900-year-old military order. of Malta.
In the first link just cited, Ed Condon writes in the Catholic Herald of London, “The most remarkable thing about the Order of Malta controversy is not that the Grand Master, Fra’ Matthew Festing, has resigned. That is extraordinary enough, especially given that it was apparently on the invitation of Pope Francis. No, the most astonishing feature of the story is today’s announcement that the Pope will install an Apostolic Delegate to run the Order. In effect, this abolishes the Order as a sovereign entity. Under international law, what we are seeing is effectively the annexation of one country by another.”
So this action of Pope Francis is a dramatic break with all of the order’s history up to now.
What does it mean?
In this case, as in so any others, the old adage again applies: “Those who know don’t talk, and those who talk don’t know.”
But perhaps we may catch at least a glimpse into the meaning of these events if we study the various official communiques and media reports, while for context and background we rely on several off-the-record conversations recently in Rome.
These reports and these conversations suggest that a struggle of considerable importance is currently underway in Rome, in the global Church, and in the world outside of the Church, over the direction humanity will take in the years and decades to come.
There are presently two huge threats to the Church, a Scylla and a Charybdis which the Church must pass between or be profoundly harmed: the rejection of traditional Church teaching in order to accommodate the Church to the teaching of “the world,” on the one hand, and, on the other hand, schism.
The first would betray the Church’s nature and mission; the second would cost the Church dearly as the world would likely exploit the divisions in a devastating way.
The battle over the leadership of the Knights of Malta must be seen in this context.
Moreover, during the past several months, quietly and privately on most occasions, but sometimes publicly, a word has been whispered and spoken aloud in Rome in a way unlike any other time in the 33 years that I have been writing about Vatican affairs. That word is freemasonry.
“The fact is that the thought of freemasonry, which was the thought of the Enlightenment, believes Christ and his teachings, as taught by the Church, are an impediment to human freedom and self-fulfillment,” a retired Vatican official told me. “And this thought has become dominant in the elites of the West, even when those elites are not officially members of any freemasonic lodge. It is a pervasive modern worldview.”
This bears repeating and emphasizing: in any particular case, it may not be so much actual membership in a masonic lodge that is involved, but rather adherence to principles of that “masonic thought” which views man in a “Promethean” way, that man should “steal fire from heaven,” wrest it from the gods for the benefit of men, seek ever greater knowledge (computers, the genetic code, transhumanism, Homo Sapiens Version 2.0, “better” than the species currently is), not accepting any limit to the human ambitions to “be like gods.”
How does this relate to the shake-up at the top of the Order of Malta?
Well, there have recently been an allegation that a high-ranking member of the order (not Festing) approved decisions not in keeping with Catholic moral teaching, and more precisely, sent condoms and other contraceptives in shipments of medical supplies to poor countries — that is, allowed a certain “non-Catholic moral view” to enter into the order’s decision-making.
And, published reports have stated something that few have noted, but which must be studied and explained: that Pope Francis, in a meeting in November with Cardinal Raymond Burke, gave Burke a very unusual instruction.
The Pope, it is reported, during their November 10 meeting, asked Burke, the American cardinal who is the ecclesial Patron of the Knights of Malta,
to carry out an important and delicate task: to ferret out and remove from the Knights of Malta all members who are… freemasons.
Here is the published source for this information, which comes about halfway through a quite thorough and rather lengthy article which bears reading in full. It is by Edward Pentin published in the National Catholic Register on January 7:
“Hopes that the contraceptive scandal would be addressed came on Nov. 10, when Cardinal Burke was received in private audience by Pope Francis.
“During that meeting, the Register has learned, the Pope was ‘deeply disturbed’ by what the cardinal told him about the contraceptive distribution.
“The Pope also made it clear to Cardinal Burke that he wanted Freemasonry ‘cleaned out’ from the order, and he demanded appropriate action.
“The concern was followed up by a Dec. 1 letter to Cardinal Burke, in which the Register has learned that the Holy Father underlined the cardinal’s constitutional duty to promote the spiritual interests of the order and remove any affiliation with groups or practices that run contrary to the moral law.” (link)
Here, repeated, is the critical phrase:
“The Pope also made it clear to Cardinal Burke that he wanted Freemasonry ‘cleaned out’ from the order…”
Where does this information come from? How reliable is it?
Pentin tells us quite matter-of-factly that “the Register has learned” about the contents of Burke’s November 10 meeting with the Pope.
Evidently, Pentin either spoke with Burke himself, or with someone close to Burke, perhaps one of his secretaries, or he spoke with Pope Francis, because it does not seem possible that anyone other than Burke and Pope Francis could be the source of news about a private conversation between the two men, and about a private letter sent by one to the other.
In short, Burke, seen as one of the leaders of the “traditional” faction in the Church and in the College of Cardinals because of his raising questions about the “progressive” teaching of Pope Francis, especially in Amoris Laetitia, was evidently, in this case, as recently as November 10, and again in a December 1 letter, asked by Pope Francis to carry out a very delicate task, and to do so urgently.
But this would suggest that the two men have a different relationship than the one most of the world seems to have concluded they have…