After four days of tedious research, I suspect Friedrich Wilhelm is my ancestor. It will take much longer to construct the evidence that is sparse. The street Esplanade is key. This French name ties into the Huguenot Exodus to Berlin.
The village of Pankow is named after the small Panke river, a tributary of the Spree. The settlement was first mentioned in a 1311 deed by the Margraves of Brandenburg, though the “Four Evangelists” fieldstone church had already been erected about 1230. In 1691 Elector Frederick III acquired the neighbouring Schönhausen Palace from the heirs of General Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow, which promoted the development of the Pankow village.
Victor Presco, and his son had a “proclivity” to the consumption of large quantities of alcohol, and were famous drinkers. This is to say, we can drink anyone under the table. This is the first time I have seen this term applied to a person of rank. Vic loved to tell his war stories while drunk. I felt he was channeling someone.
When you have a proclivity, it feels automatic — you like what you like; you don’t even have to think about it. The origin of the wordproclivity supports this feeling. Proclivity comes from the Latin wordproclivis, which literally means “sloping forward.” You slide toward a proclivity — no effort is needed. You just give in to it, since you’re headed in that direction naturally.
We were told the Stuttmeister were Teutonic Knights who came to rule Pomerania, and fought for Brandenburg.
On September 15, 1423, all Pomeranian dukes (including Eric) allied with the Teutonic Knights against Brandenburg and against the Hanseatic towns. In early 1425, this coalition was joined by Mecklenburg and Poland and successfully invaded Brandenburg
Grumbkow served in both the Brandenburg army and the civil administration of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. A cavalry regiment he created and led in 1674 became the Dragoon Life Guards. Until 1918, the regiment was the 1. Schlesisches Leib-Kürassier-Regiment “Großer Kurfürst”, based in Breslau.
Grumbkow became Generalkriegskommissar, or minister of war, in 1679., succeeding Claus Ernst von Platen. Under his direction, the position was greatly expanded and included the functions of a minister of war and minister of finance.
In early 1680, Grumbkow acquired the Petit Palais in Niederschönhausen from Countess Sophie Theodore zu Dohna-Schlobitten. He was entrusted with enacting the Edict of Potsdam, by which Huguenot refugees were encouraged to live in Brandenburg-Prussia. Grumbkow founded a French colony now known as Französisch Buchholz in Berlin–Pankow. The street Grumbkowstraße in Französisch Buchholz commemorates Grumbkow’s actions.
The cultured Grumbkow was born in Berlin as the son of Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow, General War Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia. Educated in France, he married a Mademoiselle de la Chevalerie. He took part in the War of the Spanish Succession, fighting in the Battle of Malplaquet and reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
King Frederick William I of Prussia trusted Grumbkow and named him a member of the Privy Council and the head of theGeneralkriegskommissariat, or General War Commissariat. He was known as “Biberius” to his friends, on account of his proclivity to alcohol consumption. He owned the Petit Palais in Niederschönhausen and a house on Königstraße in Berlin.
Grumbkow rose to the top of the Prussian military and taxation branches, allowing him to aid Frederick William in his efforts to modernize the administration of Prussia. His improvements to the taxation system were vital to the colonization of unsettled lands and to municipal governance. After the creation of the General Directory in 1723, Grumbkow became head of the first department. He was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in 1737.
Influenced by the Imperial envoy in Berlin, Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff, Grumbkow advised Frederick William I against a marriage of Crown Prince Frederick with a princess from the House of Hanover. In serving the interests of Habsburg Austriaover the House of Hohenzollern, Grumbkow deepened the divide between Frederick William and his son, Frederick.
Frederick William tolerated Grumbkow’s being on the payroll of Austria. In a letter to Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, the king wrote of Grumbkow’s corruption, “I know he is like that, but you need such people to do the business honourable people wouldn’t want to soil their hands with. I get more out of him in an hour than I acquit with others in three.”
Frederick eventually reached a reconciliation with both Frederick William and Grumbkow. He referred to Grumbkow as “the Cassubian“, because of his Pomeranianancestry. Grumbkow died in Berlin in 1739.
When Brandenburg changed hands from the House of Luxembourg to the House of Hohenzollern on January 11, 1411, the dukes of Pomerania-Stettin understood their position endangered and reacted with warfare. The first major battle was the second Battle of Kremmer Damm on October 24, 1412. While the dukes of Pomerania-Wolgast had sided with the emperor, disappointment over the emperors disapproval of ridding them of formal Brandenburgian overlordship in 1417 drove them to ally with their Stettin relatives and Mecklenburg. This coalition was backed by Denmark and Poland. A series of battles culminated in a decisive defeat on March 26, 1420, in the streets of Angermünde, and the Uckermark possessions were lost once again.
On September 15, 1423, all Pomeranian dukes (including Eric) allied with the Teutonic Knights against Brandenburg and against the Hanseatic towns. In early 1425, this coalition was joined by Mecklenburg and Poland and successfully invaded Brandenburg. A peace treaty concluded on May 22, 1427, in Eberswalde, left Pomerania with the Uckermark north of Angermünde. On June 16, 1427, this was confirmed by the Treaty of Templin, which also included a coalition of Pomerania, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg. Yet, in 1440 Pomerania and Brandenburg invaded Mecklenburg, and in 1444 Brandenburg demanded from Pomerania to again hand over the Uckermark to her. When the Pomeranians refused, war broke out again. The first Treaty of Prenzlau in 1448 set the border south of Pasewalk.
In 1320 and 1325, Wartislaw IV of Pomerania-Wolgast allied with the Landmeister of the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights in Prussia against king Casimir III of Poland. When the Treaty of Kalisz had ended the subsequent Polish–Teutonic War (1326–32) in 1343, Wartislaw’s sons Bogislaw V, Barnim IV and Wartislaw Vchanged sides, and Bogislaw V married Casimir III’s daughter, Elisabeth. Barnim III of Pomerania-Stettin joined this alliance in 1348. After Poland and Lithuaniahad formed the Union of Krėva in 1385, and Poland had rejected the claims of Casimir III’s grandson Casimir IV of Pomerania-Stolp, Bogislaw VIII and Wartislaw VII ofPomerania-Stolp in 1386 concluded an anti-Polish alliance with the Teutonic Knights, after they had settled their common border. In 1388, this alliance was joined bySwantibor I and Bogislaw VII of Pomerania-Stettin as well as Barnim VI and Wartislaw VI of Pomerania-Wolgast.
In the High Middle Ages, the area became Christian and was ruled by local dukes of the House of Pomerania and the Samborides, at various times vassals of Denmark, the Holy Roman Empire and Poland. From the late 12th century, the Griffin Duchy of Pomerania stayed with the Holy Roman Empire and thePrincipality of Rugia with Denmark, while Denmark, Brandenburg, Poland and the Teutonic Knights struggled for control in Samboride Pomerelia. The Teutonic Knights succeeded in annexing Pomerelia to their monastic state in the early 14th century. Meanwhile, the Ostsiedlung started to turn Pomerania into a German-settled area; the remaining Wends, who became known as Slovincians and Kashubians, continued to settle within the rural East. In 1325 the line of the princes of Rugia (Rügen) died out, and the principality was inherited by House of Pomerania, themselves involved in the Brandenburg-Pomeranian conflict about superiority in theiroften internally divided duchy