Belle Burch has been tuning in to her Family Tree. She asked me questions about the Bohemians in a e-mail.
The Jessie Scouts fought against the Bohemian Royalty in Mexico. There is a huge painting of Empress Zita, Queen of Bohemia, who we see above.
I just talked to Virginia Hambley on the phone. She told me she has been wondering what she did wrong in regards to our relationship of sixteen years. Five months ago she got down on one knee and proposed marriage to me. A week later I did the same because I knew she would forget due to her head injury she received when she was twenty. I was going to bring my student, Belle, to meet Virginia because these woman speak French, and, Virginia is in line the throne of France, and is kin to Empress Zita.
I will restore a real Kingdom, and reveal the kingdom that came to America.
I am Master John. I am Don Juan. I am………The Phantom of the Opera!
Lord de Rougemont
Don (Spanish: [ˈdon], Italian: [ˈdɔn], Portuguese: Dom [ˈdõ]) from Latin dominus, (roughly, “Lord”,) is an honorific title used in Iberia and Italy. The female equivalent is doña (Spanish: [ˈdoɲa]), donna (Italian: [ˈdɔnna]), and dona (Portuguese: [ˈdonɐ]), abbreviated “Dª” or simply “D.”
Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese; 9 May 1892 – 14 March 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles of Austria. As such, she was the last Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary, and Queen of Bohemia.
Born as the seventeenth child of the dispossessed Robert I, Duke of Parma and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal, Zita married the then Archduke Charles of Austria in 1911. Charles became heir presumptive to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria in 1914 after the assassination of his uncle Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and acceded to the throne in 1916 after the old emperor’s death.
Bohemia proper (Čechy) with the County of Kladsko (Hrabství kladské) was the main area of the Kingdom of Bohemia and from 1348 Charles IV created Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Země Koruny české), together with the incorporated provinces:
•The March of Moravia (Markrabství moravské), acquired by Přemyslid and Slavník Bohemian rulers after the 955 Battle of Lechfeld, lost in 999 to Kingdom of Poland and reconquered by Duke Bretislaus I in 1019/1029 (uncertain dating);
•Upper Lusatia (Horní Lužice), incorporated by King John of Bohemia in 1319 (Bautzen) and 1329 (Görlitz), and Lower Lusatia (Dolní Lužice), former Margraviate of Lusatia), acquired by John’s son Charles IV from Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg in 1367. Ferdinand II of Habsburg lost the Lusatias to the Electorate of Saxony with the 1635 Peace of Prague;
•The Duchies of Silesia (Slezsko), acquired by the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin between Jan Lucemburský and King Casimir III of Poland. Queen Maria Theresa lost Silesia in 1742 to King Frederick II of Prussia by the Treaty of Breslau, with the exception of Austrian Silesia
and, at times:
•The Duchy of Austria in 1251, the Duchy of Styria in 1261, the Egerland in 1266, the Duchy of Carinthia with the March of Carniola and the Windic March in 1269 and the March of Friuli in 1272, all acquired by King Ottokar II Přemyslid and lost to Rudolph I of Germany in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld;
•The Egerland (Chebsko) was again obtained by Wenceslaus II between 1291-1305; definitely given in pawn to Bohemia by Emperor (then King of the Romans) Louis IV in 1322 and subsequently joined in personal union with Bohemia proper;
•The northern part of the Upper Palatinate (“New Bohemia”) at Sulzbach, incorporated by Charles IV in 1355. Charles’ son Wenceslaus lost the Upper Palatinate in 1400 to the Electorate of the Palatinate under King Rupert of Germany;
•The Brandenburg Electorate, acquired by Charles IV from Duke Otto V of Wittelsbach in 1373. Charles’ son Sigismund lost Brandenburg in 1415 to Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg.
After the early death of King Louis II Jagiellon at the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the Bohemian kingdom was inherited by his brother-in-law, the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand I of Habsburg, younger brother of Emperor Charles V, whom he succeeded in 1558. The subsequent incorporation of Bohemia into the Habsburg Monarchy against the resistance of the local Protestant nobility sparked off the 1618 Defenestration of Prague and the Thirty Years’ War. Their defeat at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620 put an end to the Bohemian autonomy movement.
With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian kingdom was incorporated into the Austrian Empire and the royal title retained by the Emperor of Austria. In the course of the 1867 Austro-Hungarian Compromise the provinces of Bohemia, Moravia and Austrian Silesia became k. k. crown lands of Cisleithania. The current Czech Republic consisting of Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia still uses some symbols of the Kingdom of Bohemia: a two-tailed lion in its coat-of-arms, red-white strips in the state flag and the royal castle as the president’s office.
List of the Kings of Bohemia
Image Name Date Notes
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg Ottokar I
(Přemysl I. Otakar) 1198-1230 Hereditary royal title approved by King Philip of Germany, confirmed by the 1212 Golden Bull of Sicily
VaclavGelnhausenovekodexu.jpg Wenceslaus I
(Václav I.) 1230-1253 Son of Ottokar I.
Ottokar II Premysl.jpg Ottokar II
(Otakar II.) 1253-1278 Son of Wenceslaus I. Also Duke of Austria, Duke of Styria, Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Carniola.
Codex Manesse Wenzel II. von Böhmen.jpg Wenceslaus II
(Václav II.) 1278-1305 Son of Ottokar II. Also Duke of Kraków (from 1291) and King of Poland (1300-1305).
Wenzel3.jpg Wenceslaus III
(Václav III.) 1305-1306 Son of Wenceslaus II. Uncrowned (as Bohemian king). Also King of Hungary and King of Poland.
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg Henry the Carinthian
(Jindřich Korutanský) 1306 Meinhardiner. Son-in-law of Wenceslaus II. Non-crowned.
Rudolf Stepan.jpg Rudolph I
(Rudolf I.) 1306-1307 Habsburg. Second husband of Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, widow of Wenceslaus II. Non-crowned.
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg Henry the Carinthian 1307-1310 Second time
John of Luxemburg.PNG John the Blind
(Jan Lucemburský) 1310-1346 Son-in-law of Wenceslaus II.
Charles IV-John Ocko votive picture-fragment.jpg Charles I
(Karel I.) 1346-1378 Son John. Also Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV and generally known as such.
VaclavIV.jpg Wenceslaus IV
(Václav IV.) 1378-1419 Son of Charles IV. Also King of the Romans until 1400.
Pisanello 024b.jpg Sigismund
(Zikmund) 1419-1437 Brother of Wenceslaus IV. Ruled effective 1436-1437 only (because of the Hussite Revolution). Also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary.
Albrecht II. von Habsburg.jpg Albert
(Albrecht Habsburský) 1437-1439 Son-in-law of Sigismund. Also King of the Romans and of Hungary.
interregnum 1440-1453 The succession of Albert’s son was not recognized by the Czech nobility for the most of this era; the land was administered by the landfriedens (provincial & territorial).
Ladislas the Posthumous 001.jpg Ladislaus the Posthumous
(Ladislav Pohrobek) 1453-1457 Son of Albert born after his father’s death. Also King of Hungary.
Georg of Podebrady.jpg George of Podebrady
(Jiří z Poděbrad) 1457-1471 Elected king from the Czech noble family House of Kunštát. Although he had descendants, the succession devolved to the prince from Polish kingdom.
Hunyadi Matyas TK.jpg Matthias I Corvinus
(Matyáš Korvín) 1469-1490 King of Hungary, elected by the insurgent Catholic Czech aristocrats as antiking in 1469, but never crowned. In 1479, he agreed to limit his rule to Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia, while retaining his title.
Vladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary.gif Vladislaus II the Jagiellonian
(Vladislav II. Jagellonský) 1471-1516 Nephew of Ladislaus the Posthumous; elected on request of his predecessor George. Also King of Hungary after 1490.
Hans Krell 001.jpg Louis the Jagiellonian
(Ludvík Jagellonský) 1516-1526 Son of Vladislaus II. Also King of Hungary.
Ferdinand I HRR MATEO.jpg Ferdinand I 1526-1564 Brother-in-law of Louis; elected king. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor-elect from 1558.
Maximilian II HRR MATEO.jpg Maximilian
(Maximilián) 1564-1576 Son of Ferdinand I, grandson of Vladislaus II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph Heintz d. Ä. 002.jpg Rudolph II
(Rudolf II.) 1576-1611 Son of Maximilian I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Lucas van Valckenborch 003.jpg Matthias
(Matyáš) 1611-1619 Brother of Rudolph II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Georg Pachmann 001.jpg Ferdinand II 1619-1637 Nephew of Matthias. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Gerard van Honthorst 006.jpg Frederick 1619-1620 Member of the House of Wittelsbach. Antiking, elected by the Crown’s Estates at the beginning of the Thirty Years’ War but after the lost Battle of White Mountain he fled the country.
Frans Luycx 002.jpg Ferdinand III 1627-1657 Son of Ferdinand II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Jan van den Hoecke 002.jpg Ferdinand IV 1646-1654 Son of Ferdinand III. Junior co-monarch during his father’s reign. Also King of Hungary and King of the Romans.
Benjamin von Block 001.jpg Leopold I 1657-1705 Brother of Ferdinand IV. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor.png Joseph I
(Josef I.) 1705-1711 Son of Leopold I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Johann Gottfried Auerbach 002.JPG Charles II
(Karel II.) 1711-1740 Brother of Joseph I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI.
George Desmarées 002.jpg Charles Albert
(Karel Albrecht) 1741-1743 Member of the House of Wittelsbach. Son-in-law of Joseph I. Antiking to Maria Theresa during the War of the Austrian Succession. Also Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VII.
Maria Theresia of Austria 001.jpg Maria Theresa
(Marie Terezie) 1740-1780 Daughter of Charles II. Also Queen of Hungary.
Anton von Maron 006.png Joseph II
(Josef II.) 1780-1790 Son of Maria Theresa. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Johann Daniel Donat, Emperor Leopold II in the Regalia of the Golden Fleece (1806).png Leopold II 1790-1792 Brother of Joseph II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Friedrich von Amerling 003a.jpg Francis
(František) 1792-1835 Son of Leopold II. Also King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor to 1806, Austrian Emperor from 1804.
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V 1835-1848 Son of Francis. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Last crowned King of Bohemia. Lost power in the 1848 Revolution.
Franz joseph1.jpg Francis Joseph
(František Josef I.) 1848-1916 Nephew of Ferdinand V. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary.
JCKV Karel I.JPG Charles III (Karel III.) 1916-1918 Grandnephew of Francis Joseph. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Ruled briefly during First World War and abdicated.
The House of Habsburg (/ˈhæbs.bɜrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈhaːps.bʊʁk]), also spelled Hapsburg, was one of the most important royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs between 1438 and 1740. The house also produced kings of Bohemia, England, Germany, Hungary, Croatia, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain, as well as rulers of several Dutch and Italian countries.
The House takes its name from Habsburg Castle, a fortress built in the 1020s in present-day Switzerland by Count Radbot of Klettgau, who chose to name his fortress Habsburg. His grandson, Otto II, was the first to take the fortress name as his own, adding “Count of Habsburg” to his title. The House of Habsburg gathered dynastic momentum through the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries.
By 1276, Count Radbot’s seventh generation descendant, Rudolph of Habsburg, had moved the family’s power base from Habsburg Castle to the Duchy of Austria. Rudolph had become King of Germany in 1273, and the dynasty of the House of Habsburg was truly entrenched in 1276 when Rudolph became ruler of Austria, which the Habsburgs ruled until 1918.
Habsburg Netherlands is the collective name of Holy Roman Empire fiefs in the Low Countries held by the House of Habsburg. The rule began in 1482, when after the death of the Valois-Burgundy duke Charles the Bold the Burgundian Netherlands fell to the Habsburg dynasty by the marriage of Charles’s daughter Mary of Burgundy to Archduke Maximilian I of Austria.
Then known as Seventeen Provinces, they were held by Habsburg Spain from 1556, and are therefore also known as the Spanish Netherlands from that time on. In 1581, the Seven United Provinces seceded to form the Dutch Republic; the remaining Spanish Southern Netherlands eventually passed on to Hapsburg Austria. Finally the Austrian Netherlands were annexed by the French First Republic in 1795.
The Kingdom of Bohemia (Czech: České království; German: Königreich Böhmen; Latin: Regnum Bohemiae) was a state located in the region of Bohemia in Central Europe, whose territory is currently included in the modern-day Czech Republic. It was a kingdom in the Holy Roman Empire and the King was a Prince-Elector of the empire until its dissolution in 1806. Many Kings of Bohemia were also elected Holy Roman Emperors. Its capital Prague was effectively the centre of the Holy Roman Empire in the late 14th century, and at the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century. From 1526, the kingdom was continuously ruled by the House of Habsburg and its successor house Habsburg-Lorraine.
This is a list of rulers of Bohemia who ruled the country first as dukes and later as kings from the 9th century until 1918. Bohemia, from the 14th century the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, became part of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 and since 1993 is known as the Czech Republic.