Antoinette de Bourbon – Mary of Scots


Antoinette_de_Bourbon_LimousinVirginia Hambley de Bourmont is kindred to….Antoinette de Bourbon (25 December 1493 – 22 January 1583) was a French noblewoman of the House of Bourbon. She was the wife of Claude de Lorraine, Duke of Guise. Through her eldest daughter, Mary of Guise, Queen consort of King James V of Scotland, she was the maternal grandmother of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Jean de Bourbon (1426-6 January 1477) was a French nobleman, son of Louis, Count of Vendôme.[1] He was a courtier of King Charles VII of France and fought the English in Normandy and Guyenne. He attached himself to King Louis XI, but was not in his royal favor. He withdrew to the Château of Lavardin and completed its construction.
In 1454, he married Isabelle de Beauvau,[2] daughter of Louis de Beauvau, Seneschal of Anjou and Marguerite de Chambley. They had eight children:
François de Bourbon, Count of Vendôme (1470–1495)
Louis de Bourbon, Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon
Jeanne de Bourbon
Catherine de Bourbon
Jeanne de Bourbon
Charlotte de Bourbon, married Engelbert, Count of Nevers
Renée de Bourbon, Abbess of Fontevraud
Isabelle de Bourbon, Abbess of la Trinité de Caen
Jean also had two illegitimate sons:
Louis, Bishop of Avranches
Jacques, Governor of Valois and the Vendomois (1455 – 1524) was the father of Catherine de Bourbon, paternal grandmother of Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of Henry IV of France.
Antoinette de Bourbon was born on 25 December 1493 at the Chateau de Ham, in the Somme department, Picardy, France. She was the child of Francis, Count of Vendôme and Marie de Luxembourg. Her paternal grandparents were John VIII, Count of Vendôme and Isabelle de Beauveau, and her maternal grandparents were Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol, and Margaret of Savoy.


She married Claude of Lorraine on 9 June 1513; they had 12 children:
Mary of Guise (1515–1560); married King James V of Scotland in 1538. Their daughter was Mary, Queen of Scots.
Francis, Duke of Guise (1519–1563)
Louise of Guise (10 January 1520 – 18 October 1542); married Charles I, Duke of Arschot on 20 February, 1541.
Renée of Guise (2 September 1522 – 3 April 1602), Abbess of St. Pierre, Reims.
Charles of Guise (1524–1574), Duke of Chevreuse, Archbishop of Reims, and Cardinal of Guise.
Claude, Duke of Aumale (1526–1573)
Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (1527–1578)
Philip of Guise (3 September 1529 – 24 September 1529, Joinville)
Peter of Guise (3 April 1530); died young.
Antoinette of Guise (31 August 1531 – 6 March 1561), Abbess of Faremoutier
Francis of Guise (18 April 1534 – 6 March 1563), Grand Prior of the Order of Malta.[1]
René, Marquis of Elbeuf (1536–1566)

Domestic Affairs[edit]

Antoinette was described as having been a remarkable woman, combining a strong sense of family pride with a wry sense of humour. She exhibited considerable administrative talent at domestic economy as well as in the running of the vast Guise dominions surrounding their chateau of Joinville.[2]

She exerted a powerful influence on the childhood of her granddaughter Mary, Queen of Scots, during the latter’s thirteen-year sojourn in France,[3] and was one of her principal advisors. Antoinette acted as proxy for her daughter, Mary of Guise, during the betrothal ceremony of the Queen of Scots and the Dauphin Francis in 1558.[4]

Antoinette de Bourbon died on 22 January 1583 at the Chateau de Joinville. She was eighty-nine years of age, having outlived all of her children save her daughter Reneé, Abbess of St. Pierre.

Francis, Count of Vendôme

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François de Bourbon
Marie de Luxembourg
Noble family
House of Bourbon
Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme
Isabelle de Beauveau
30 October 1495(1495-10-30)
François de Bourbon (1470 – 30 October 1495) was a French prince. He was the Count of Vendôme.
He was the son of Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, and Isabelle de Beauveau.[1] As a legitimate member of the Capetian dynasty, he ranked in France as a prince du sang. At his father’s death when he was seven, he became Count of Vendôme. During his minority, his estates were administered by his uncle Louis le Joyeuse.
He was a faithful follower of Anne of France and King Charles VIII of France.
In 1487, he married Marie de Luxembourg,[2] the widow of Jacques of Savoy, Count of Romont. She brought great estates as her dowry, including the countships of Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise and Soissons in Picardy.
They had six children:
Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1489–1537), Duke of Vendôme
Jacques (1490–1491)
François (1491–1545), Count of Saint Pol and of Chaumont, Duke of Estouteville
Louis (1493–1557), Cardinal de Bourbon, Archbishop of Sens
Antoinette de Bourbon (1493–1583), married Claude, Duke of Guise, grandparents of Mary Queen of Scots
Louise (1495–1575), Abbess of Fontevraud
Also by Isabeau de Grigny;
Jacques de Bourbon[3]
He died at the age of 25 in Vercelli, Italy, and was succeeded by his son Charles IV de Bourbon. His widow administered the family’s estates during Charles’ minority.

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