Calling All Knights Templar







bourbon3My fiancé, Virginia Hambley de Bourmont is kindred to Pierre de Bréon, Knight Templar. I may be kin to the Rougemont Knights Templar.

When the New Kingdom of France in America is established, then I will rule this kingdom under the laws of the Divine Right of Kings, and I shall adopt the Catholic Religion, as it is being presented by Pope Saint Francis, but, with modifications. I will lean towards the teaching of Saint Francis and honor the poor and the ecology.

I refute the Protestant religion because they have been mute during the rise of the Darby Doomsday Reign of Political Terrorism that created the Right-wing Christian Anarchists who with glee are threatening the world economy that goes against the Templars long established concern for the global economy.

I will be honoring aspects of the Jacobian claims made by House of Stewart who are kindred to William and Harry Windsor, and the Lords of Auvergne who went on a real crusade!

It is time to put aside the play-acting of many Templar Orders, for here is you only shot to found a kingdom and support a real Christian King and Queen who are kindred to real Knights Templar.

J.G. Presco

King of California
Regent of New France in America

A cadet from Bréon, Petrus de Brehone, was received in 1299 in the Templar House of La Bastide near Issoire. He was greeted in the military order of the Temple by Pierre de Madic, head of the Templars of Auvergne. Cadets of noble families could be received in the order, sometimes only thirteen or fourteen years of age. Some spent only a few years before be recalled in their family to succeed to the missing elder brother. Others were career throughout their lives.

Seal of the Knights Templar in 1298 – National Archives

Made up of religious soldiers, the order had to initial aim to defend the Holy places. After the ouster of the Christians of Palestine in 1280, the Templars devoted themselves to the development of their areas and their financial and banking affairs. Entered into conflict with Philippe le Bel, they were arrested in 1307.

Denying in 1309 the facts alleged, Pierre de Bréon was taken to Paris in 1310 with hundreds of members of the order. Questioned both its own actions as witness for what was not him, he answered in his native language and not in latin. Under oath, he declared to have been clandestinely, received zero others present, without brothers of the said order and as such believed that were thus received the other brothers of the order. He said he received the mission when it was received that he would not reveal the secrets of the order nor the terms of its reception. Finally, he said that on urged him to wear a rope surrounded day and night on his shirt as a sign of chastity.

Paris, Pierre de Bréon was held in the Abbey of Sainte-Geneviève, and then in the House of Richard de Spoliis, rue du Temple. Applicant 2 April 1310 before the Pontifical commission, it is not yet discharged nor reconciled and acknowledges the spit on the cross. Finally, it states that it is ready to defend the order which will be abolished in the presence of Pope Clement V 3 April 1312.

The Lords of Brion 12th – 14th century N

The arms of the Knights of Bréon (Brion)

Azure semy of clover gold, the lion rampant langued and armed gules, overall.

Found the lion on the seal (see below) used by the Bréon in the 14th century.

Feudal of the Bas and Haut-pays of Auvergne

The Bréon formed from the 11th to the 14th century a powerful lineage which major fiefs, apart from Brion, had several castles and Lordships that stretched from Northern Cèzalier South of the Alagnon.

It is towards the top of the feudal pyramid must be placed Bréon, Knights standard-bearers and great barons of Auvergne. Vassals of the great Auvergne Lords, found witnesses or guarantors when signing important agreements, crossed to the call of the Pope or King, squabbles or glitzy hosts sometimes rogue on the occasion.

During four centuries, the Bréon extend their influence over a significant portion of the Cèzalier. Holders of several fiefs and castles of the mountains, the Bréon are however not part of rare ancient families of Auvergne known prior year Mil, or most powerful noble families who really held the Auvergne from the 12th to the 14th century. If they are not combined with major lineages, those dolphins, the Montboissier, the Mercoeur or the Tour, their alliances are still prestigious, oriented towards old noble families of the mountains of the high and low-country neighbors of their possessions, Châteauneuf, Brezons, Rochefort, the Dienné or the Rakesh, thus securing their possessions in the region.

The first Lords of Bréon
At a time where the sources are rare, appears in the 11th century the Knight Pons de Bréon, husband in 1066Artaude de Châteauneuf, sister of Guillaume de Châteauneuf (maybe today Chateauneuf in Boutières, com. Jaunac, Ardèche). Artaude is possessionnee in Vivarais. Pons de Bréon and Guillaume de Châteauneuf is would be in 1053 shared possession of a place called Châteauneuf corresponding perhaps to the lordship of Châteauneuf in Boutières.

The establishment of the feudal pyramid led Maurin Ier de Bréon tribute to Dauphin of Auvergne in 1222. Maurin recognizes then held in fief Brion castle with all its membership and dependencies. Compains is no doubt part of the seigneury but is not cited in the tribute. In 1359, it will be seen that the fief of Brion also includes Compains and Chaumiane.

Lords multi-chatelains

In addition to the fief of Brion, the Bréon held in the 13th and the 14th century several fiefs and castles can be seen still today in the Cantal. South of the low-country, overlooking the village of Joursac, appears the ruined Mardogne Castle which dominates the Allanche and the Alagnon. In the land of the mountains of Auvergne, on the left bank near Condat and the Santoire, we guess Lugarde, almost ‘ invisible under the forest. Further, to the South of the Rhue, was Châteauneuf near Riom-ès-Montagnes and Saint-flour, Nubieu which the beautiful remains are visible in the commune of Rézentières. For the fiefs of Mardogne and Ferrières the Bréon paid tribute to the Bishop of Clermont.

Castle of Nubieu (com. Rézentières, Cantal)

Maurin III de Bréon tribute to the Bishop of Clermont

for his Château de Ferrières (1365 n.s.)

The Crusades

Helmeted Warrior head, 12th century. Notre-Dame-du-Port, Clermont-Ferrand, Dôme

The Lords of Compains participated in three Crusades in Palestine in the 12th and 13th century. They were also present when Philippe Auguste asked the nobility of Auvergne’s cross against the Albigensians heretics.

In 1095 when Pope Urban II called from Clermont to the issue of Jerusalem, Auvergne lives for the Holy Land departures multiply. Armand de Bréon, took the cross in 1102 during an arriere-croisade. He left in the company Auvergne Knights close neighbours, Léon de Dienné-Arnaud of Apchon and with of feudal, the Bishop, the comte de Clermont and the baron de La Tour. He died in 1103, at the siege of Tripoli.

Maurin II de Bréon crossed in turn in 1270 and departed for the Holy Land with St. Louis. To finance the expedition, Maurin had to pledge addition the Châtellenie of Brion, Lugarde and Égliseneuve, until repayment of borrowings to fund his departure and that of the Knights and men accompanying him.

As the other Lords of Auvergne, the Bréon last answer the summonses of the royal ost. When the Cathar and Albigensian heresy spread in the South, Maurin Ier de Bréon, member of noble feudal chivalry, answered in 1229 to the call of the King Philippe-Auguste, who called the ban and the backbenchers of Auvergne to intersect against the heretic.

The nobility of the high and low-country D’Auvergne then took the cross: Apchon, Mercœur, Dienne, Murat, Châteauneuf, Rochefort, and many others

Combat Notre-Dame-du-Port, XIIe siècle, Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme
Combat Notre-Dame-du-Port, 12th century, Clermont-Ferrand, Dôme

Auvergne Lords left wage war upon a heresy that in the South, was making the feudal or peoples.

In return for their participation in the Crusades, the ” very Christian King of France » granted noble auvergnats of the benefits tax both for their Albigensian participation where they ” occi and bruised in the town of Vaus more than 40 thousand heretics and buggers», that for “is being crossed several Knights, barons, to make the trip to overseas for conqueter the Holy Land”.

Relations with the Church

The Bréon knew how to be generous with the Church: in 1224, Maurin I offered to the Abbey of Saint-Alyre-lès-Clermont dimes he received to the Priory of Valbeleix, adding to the income of the Abbey the Wolverhampton estate, located in the same parish. This did not prevent Bishop Hugues de la Tour of plague shortly after vassalisant land of Maurin who was unworthy.

Seal of Hugues de La Tour, Bishop of Clermont

(Arch. Dept. of the Puy de Dome)
To punish misconduct and encourage the noble practice of “good customs”, the Bishop could go in its own area of land until then held by a Lord. The mishap came in 1229 Maurin I up there alleutier of its land. Sanctioned by the Bishop for the protection afforded to the murderer of a cleric, Maurin as punishment, had to recognize held in fief of the prelate his seigneuries of Condat and Châteauneuf and was forced to promise to make the castle to the will of the Bishop. The assassin for his part, promised to take up the cross [Mohamed].

Pierre de MADIC


•Born in 1270
•Seigneur de Madic, Grand prieur d’Auvergne

◦Bernard de MADIC 1240-
◦? ?

Spouses and children
◦Married to Ne N with ◾M Guillaume de MADIC 1310- married in 1333 to Alix de CHARLUS


Individual Note

Pierre de Madic, chevalier du Temple et commandeur de Bellechassaigne en 1272, était Grand prieur d’Auvergne en 1294. L’anné suivante, il donne une quittance… Un autre Pierre de Madic a déposé dans le procès du Temple, il déclara qu’il avait été reçu dans cet ordre à 18 ans.

Sceau d’Ythier de Bréon (1300)

Seal of Bréon Ythier (1300)

(National archives)

Two seals of the Bréon were found at the National Archives: one owned by date of 1300 Ythier de Bréon, the other Knight dating from 1340 is the Knight banneret Maurin III de Bréon. Both show us an écu semé of shamrocks to the lion similar to the coat of arms of the family. The ecu located in the center of the seal is not any surface: it is part of a rosette quadrifoil evoking the warhead. The legend of the two seals is destroyed.

The wars

From the end of the 13th century, while the crusades are no longer an ardent obligation, the King requires all to wage war upon the Kingdom.
Combat chevalier

Battle of Knights

Mural painting (14th century) – Château de Saint-Floret (-de-Dôme)

The war of Flanders

In January 1304, to feed the army of Flanders the bailli of Auvergne made significant purchases of cattle in the province of Auvergne: 1000 cattle, 2000 sheep and 1000 pigs took the road to Calais. Arguably, Compains grasslands gave this occasion their share of cattle as it will be seen that they will do so again in the 17th century.

Nourishing Auvergne also provided fighters. Knight banneret having more than 60 pounds of income, Jaubert de Bréon was summoned to the royal ost with his vassals in 1304 to fight in Flanders. Noble «means», Jaubert was forced to provide ten armed men, not to mention the men walk, archers, Squires and pages. Compulsory service lasted forty days, but these requisition were very expensive for the nobles who had to maintain their troupe, provide many and all necessary weapons. Always ready to fight, noble renaclaient auvergnats front the costs induced by the incessant wars. The King had to resolve to lead the troops.

The war against Béraud de Mercœur

Sceau de Maurin de Bréon

The hostilities could take place on the territory of the Auvergne. One of the greatest barons Auvergne, Béraud de Mercœur, affirmed the allodial of its lands. His refusal to bow before the King brought Philippe V to pronounce the confiscation of his property. Summoned to the ban of Auvergne Clermont in 1318 Jaubert de Bréon, with noble auvergnats including Béraud vassals and the family of Mercœur, participated chevauz and weapons in the war which would bring Béraud to lose considerable possessions held and part of the Allier. After this operation, a large part of the lands of the Mercoeur was given to John, Dauphin of Auvergne.

Seal of Maurin Bréon III (1340), Arch. nat.

The Bréon alliances

The wife, whose nobility reflected on that of the husband that she valued, should be well endowed, bringing land that should strengthen the security of family assets and prevent private wars. To effectively consolidate their positions in Auvergne, the Bréon marital strategy founded on alliances that exceeded rarely the Cèzalier and its margins. Without ever allying themselves with the more powerful families Auvergne – as the dolphins of Auvergne, the Mercoeur and the comte de Clermont – Compains warlords held links with large families which were of the most ancient lineages of the high and low-country.

In the 11th century, the influence of the midi was on the family whose alliances were turned towards the South of Auvergne (Vivarais). Maurin III three centuries later renewing the alliance with Melior de Châteauneuf-Randon (Gévaudan).

Pons de Bréon (around 1075) married Artaude de Châteauneuf de Randon. After a possessionnee in Gévaudan family (Lozère) and Vivarais (Ardèche) on the borders of the Auvergne region and Languedoc, Artaude was endowed with assets located in Vivarais. The authority of Artaude brother, Guillaume de Châteauneuf, spanned more than eighty parishes or castles located in the South of the Alagnon Margeride, Gévaudan and Vivarais. In 1078, Guillaume is forced the sum of 5500 soils for the benefit of his Artaude sister wife of Pons de Bréon, for its portion of assets of the Vivarais.

The scarcity of the texts in the 12th century does illuminate the Knights of Bréon alliances at the end of the century where you can find a Bréon, Maurin I (CA. 1190-c. 1240) which it knows not the wife. He married his daughter with Guillaume III, Chong of Apchon.

SONY DSCIn the 13th century, Maurin II de Bréon (c. 1220-c. 1280) married Françoise de Rochefort, daughter of Ythier de Rochefort, Knight, Lord of Mardogne and Akram. The dowry of Françoise fit fall into the pockets of Maurin Mardogne Castle which dominated the Allanche and Baladour and Ferrières fiefs that will remain in the family of Bréon until its extinction at the end of the 14th century. The family remained without male heir upon the death of Maurin II whose daughter Dauphine de Bréon married (his cousin?) Ythier de Rochefort which lifted the name of the Bréon. The Rochefort were thus the Akram Alagnon at Mardogne.

Their son Ythier de Rochefort joined forces with Jeanne of Thiern (Thiers).

Dauphine de Bréon their daughter married in 1302 Bertrand de Saint-NECTAIRE which between other fiefs, held the castle of Roche-Charles (La Mayrand) which adjoined the lordship of Brion Northeast.

In 1308, the Knight Jaubert de Bréon Ythier brother combined with Dauphine de Dienné, daughter of chevalier Dienne Amblard, second of the name. With the Rochefort and the Dixon, the Bréon held the South and West of the Cèzalier, South of the Alagnon West of the Rhue.

Reactivating ties since the 11th century with the Châteauneuf, Maurin III married (c. 1330) Meliore de Châteauneuf of Apchier, from the younger branch of the Chateauneuf de Randon. Meliore was daughter of Yolande de Polignac and chevalier Guérin de Châteauneuf, baron of Apchier, fifth of the name, Lord of Saint-Chély and partly of Chateauneuf de Randon. This new alliance suggests that the Bréon were able to maintain ties and perhaps land to the South of the Auvergne.

Jaubert married October 9, 1376 Alix (Ahelis) by Venter, widow of Astorg de Taillac and daughter of Louis de Venter. Jaubert died around 1388 without children of Alix, it is the end of the lineage of the Bréon.

Dauphine de Bréon, Maurin III sister and aunt of the Jaubert had been married to Pierre de Rakesh. Ancient links between two closely spaced families for a long time by the brotherhood of arms. When the old lineage of the Bréon died, the son of Dauphine, Guillaume de Rakesh, already Lord Compains of Cureyre and Chaumiane, collected the legacy of the Bréon. It is by his descendants that Compains lands reaching Montmorin-Saint-Herent who purchase the seigneury of Brion to 1525.

Vassals of the Auvergne dolphins for four centuries to Brion, an effective marital strategy had strengthened the influence of Bréon on the Cèzalier and its margins. Only the absence of male heirs led to the extinction of the lineage to the end of the 14th century.

Bréon and Rakesh in the Armorial de Revel

Drawn in the middle of the 15th century, the Armorial reflects the alliance of two noble families. Under the helmet surmounted by a crest appears theecu quartered crosswise of Guillaume de Rakesh (guille thinieres). The arms show on two districts anchored cross the Rakesh, while two other neighbourhoods have weapons of Bréon (of azure with the golden lion).

Weapons Bréon-Rakesh

Armorial of Revel (c. 1450), the town and Castle of Usson,

(Bibl. Patr. C. F.)

Resurgence of Bréon and Rakesh on the tomb of Loys de Foix (1560)

At the foot of the castle of Mardogne, in the small village of Joursac, Saint-Etienne Church contains the tomb of Loys de Foix, descending the bréon and the Rakesh. Renaissance style, the Tomb has been placed since its restoration in the so-called Chapel of Mardogne. The white stone of the grave would have been extracted from Mardogne, in the quarries of trachyte of Albepierre, today Albepierre-Bredons, nearby village of Murat (Cantal).

Tomb of Loys de Foix (1560)

Church Saint-Étienne de Joursac (Cantal)

Nearly two centuries after the extinction of the lineage of the Bréon and more than a century after the Rakesh are turned off in turn, Louis de Foix wanted Tombeau de Loys de Foix – Chimères encadrant les armoiries Bréon-Tinière (lion-croix ancrée) closer on his tomb, its arms and its distant and prestigious ascendants. The Tomb shows on one of its side walls the first ecu Bréon-Rakesh (lion and cross ancré) topped by a helmet-tiered and flanked by two chimeras.

Tomb of Loys de Foix

Weapons Bréon-Rakesh between two chimeras

Tomb of Loys de Foix

Shield of the arms of Bréon, Rakesh and Foix

On the other wall, the shield flanked by two lions gate Bréon (lion and clovers), Rakesh (cross ancré), Foix (three pals and two cows armed, gorged and clarinees from one to the other, which is Béarn).

The lordship of Brion

The lordship at the time of the Lords of Bréon (11th – 14th century)

Intermittent sources allow, from century to century, draw dotted the evolution of the lordship of the middle ages to the Revolution.

The three orders

At the time of the Knights of Bréon (11Th – 14th century)

This is the territory of the village of Compains to the locality today La Motte de Brion, that was erected the fortress of Brion (Bréon) towards the end of the first Millennium. The hamlet of Brion is one of the many villages in this multipolar parish North of the Cézallier and South of what would become the lower Auvergne, then Oregon.

After the year millet, favourable economic conditions and a warming of long term cause the increase of the population. The stone of the Romanesque churches succeeded the old wooden churches. The Auvergne is covered then simultaneously “white mantle of churches” and a forest of towers and castles including the Château de Brion, built on a mound of average altitude (1273 m) in a site dedicated to grassland and subject to frequent bad weather from the West. From the fortress of Brion and the wood of the guard, the land Lord of the Lords of Bréon followed a diagonal Southeast – Northwest which included the mountain of Joran and Cureyre before reaching Compains and Chaumiane, above Lake Chambedaze and the Montcineyre to be completed in the Cocudoux.

The mound of Brion(known as the Motte de Brion on the IGN map)

Views of the sky, traces of the Castle at the top of the butte

(CL. Ph. Tournebise)

Brion tournebise 11 20

In the Barnyard, (Court, located at the foot of the Castle), protected by the walls, shelters and reserves.

In the centre, the Castle protected by a moat.

There were stately reserve lands and those of the vassals of Bréon where worked the yokels who were tenants. The points made to the North reached a place called today the Castle Largellier near Saint-Anastaise, Vauzelle and the field of the Wolverhampton Valbeleix. In Exchange for their protection, the Bréon exercised their right to command (the ban) on vassals who they inféodaient the land of their movement. Vassals of the Bréon have been identified in La Garde (Guyonne de La Garde), to the South of the fortress and Largellier near Saint-Anastaise (Robert de Largelier). One can think that the hobby holder in the 14th century of high, middle and low justice of the cramped to Escouailloux Lordship (Bernard Ronat) was also a vassal of Bréon.

Largellier Robert, Maurin III de Bréon vassal

The Largellier locality seems to mark the northern limit of the lands of the Bréon. On the motte still called today the Castle by the locals, was the stronghold of the Knight Robert de Largelier, also known as Robert de La Roche, man of fief of the Bréon. The Largellier Eagle nest, Robert could monitor any Valbeleix Valley. The construction of such mansions defensive to keep the borders of the Lordships was authorized to some vassals by the Lords on the sparsely inhabited the châtellenies margins [B. Phalip].

The tangle of the Lordships within a same parish is a constant up to the Revolution and Compains is no exception to the rule. Bréon warlords were not only to exercise rights to Compains and other fiefs shared parish, much more extensive than today ‘ hui (it included the Lake of Chambedaze and the villages of Chabagnol, Granjounes, Moudeyre, Graffaudeix, Redondel, Sandi).


Instead said ‘the Castle’ at Largellier

Valbeleix Valley seen from ‘the Castle ‘.

To the West of the village, land are the Tower mightily possessionnes around Besse and La Tour D’Auvergne. The testamentary gift to the parish of offsetting of Bernard, Lord of Besse in 1317 [Mohamed] Tower, suggests that it could hold land in the parish of Compains. This hypothesis could be supported by a text of 1326 where we see Guillaume, Apchon comtour with other nobles including Maurin de Bréon who donate money to Compains Church in memory of Bernard de la Tour, deceased.

The purpose was to pay homage to each change in ownership of the lordship. In 1325 Maurin III pays tribute to Jehan Dauphin of Auvergne to his ‘Bréon chastel”, several villages including the Priory of Wolverhampton to the Valbeleix and that take him Leon of the guard and the heirs of Guillaume de la Roche, his vassals at Compains.

Senectere (NECTAIRE), neighbors of the fief of Bréon North

The Bréon lands occupied a strategic position facing the lands of Saint-NECTAIRE with which disputes could occur. The points of contact between the men of the two seigneuries were both on the northern margin of the parish around Largellier and Vauzelle.

High, middle and low justice exerted on their land by the two families allowed them to install sinister forks. Friction intervened in 1328 between the people of Bertrand de Saint-NECTAIRE and Maurin III de Bréon: Maurin gallows was overthrown by the people of Bertrand! A Lordship cannot dispense with gallows, the case made big noise and went up to the King who disavowed Bertrand de Saint-NECTAIRE and ordered that the forks of Maurin were restored.

Sinister forks (Customs of Toulouse, 1296, Bibl. Nat.).

Mann III sells land to Compains

Maurin de Bréon’s financial difficulties in the second half of the 14th century changed the physiognomy of the seigneury. Debts left by his uncle Jaubert de Bréon, a no doubt expensive lifestyle and debts to the Lombards to finance several lawsuits that can develop very expensive against the Saint-NECTAIRE and Polignac, require it to sell whole swathes of their lands. The bourgeoisie began to take advantage of the financial difficulties of the nobility. In 1344 Maurin sells the lordship of Largelier to William Balbet, a recently ennobled Clermont bourgeois found in 1351 holder of the mountain of Joran leased one of his sons-in-law, Murols damoiseau.

1333 Transaction between Maurin III de Bréon and Dauphine de Dienné

Continuing the dismantling of his stronghold of Compains, Maurin sells to his nephew William de Thyniere his lands of Cureyre (1359) and Chaumiane (1361).

It is Béraud Dauphin Maurin III Lord of Brion and Mardoigne ready in 1365 a last homage to Brion and remaining memberships of his lordship. He died in 1366 leaving a seigneury territorially diminished and weakened by the exactions of the road.

Jaubert II, son of Maurin III and last of the Bréon, both on the fortress of Mardogne, be deemed to have never been taken by the English during the hundred years war.

A.D. Cantal

Brion passes to the Giac Peschin …(late 14th – early 15th century)

From 1360 John of Berry, third son of the King of France John II the good, was prerogative of the Auvergne region by his father. Two years after the death of Maurin III, Jean de Berry, to pay a debt to his Chamberlain Imbault du Peschin, gave him in 1368 the lordship of Brion by him once acquired, referring to the seizure by the King of Brion lands in Exchange for debts incurred by Maurin III.

After the occupation of the Castle by the road in 1375, one can think that the lordship found devastated and depopulated by war and epidemics. After the death of Idris du Peschin in 1377, Brion goes to his daughter Jeanne du Peschin said Lady bréon, who married Pierre de GIAC, General of the Kingdom, Chancellor of the Duke of Berry, and then Chancellor of France. As the Auvergne embarks on a difficult economic recovery after the calamities of the fourteenth century, Jeanne du Peschin and his son Louis de Giac sell Brion to 1405 to Etienne Souchet, a wealthy merchant of Clermont-Ferrand. This purchase of a noble fief by a commoner anoblissait his descendant to the second generation. After the sale of Largelier by Maurin III to Guillaume Balbet, the sale of Brion to the Souchet confirms the social rise of urban notables, be they traders or officers of the King. She reveals, consequence of the war and epidemics, a beginning of erasure of the nobles in the Western mountains where many Lords are experiencing financial difficulties.

.. .and then to the Souchet (15Th-early 16th century)

After the death of his father, when Etienne II Souchet becomes Lord of Brion, his suzerain Béraud de Mercœur, dauphin of Auvergne, is reluctant to give the nomination to this noble of fresh date and claims to be a feudal withdrawal, right that recognized it the custom of Auvergne. Overlord wanted to avoid having among his vassals a man whose low extraction did not suit him. The custom accepted yet the alienation of a noble fiefdom to a commoner. Béraud wanted to repay the amount of their acquisition, but sign of the times that changed to the Souchet and probably also reflection of their economic power and their influence in Clermont society, the Souchet refused. Béraud then hired a trial against Jacmette de Neysson, the widow of Étienne I Souchet. Another sign of the times, the Souchet managed to retain Brion until the early 16th century. In 1437, Etienne II Souchet tribute to Louis de Bourbon to his Bréon chastel in the parish of Compaign and touched the cens, annuities and tailhes, labourers, charrois, estans, Warrens, wood, Palani, tenemens and relevance moving nor Lord fee. The amount of this income paid partly in cash, partly in nature, reached 200 pounds.

Because of his lordship of Compains, Etienne Souchet, who lived at Clermont in a hotel estimated at 1500 pounds, was taxed banished from 1466 to a man of arms with three horses. In 1488, for him and his brothers, Etienne Souchet says under oath keep 60 books of the lordship, probably understated figure annuity. Gentleman’s lowly, Etienne Souchet was forced to serve the King in two brigandiniers archer equipment.

The coat of arms of the Souchet, a shield with three wreaths are still visible today in Clermont-Ferrand, where they are found carved on the tympanum of the small gate located to the South of the church Our Lady of the Port. This door once gave access to the chapel Sainte-Marthe, now destroyed, that the Souchet had been build.

At the beginning of the 16th century, we find the lordship shared between Michel Souchet, who died before July 16, 1519, and Brothers Stephen and Antoine. So-called Lords in part of Brion, they sell their stronghold found to 1525 when Brion joins the possessions of one of the oldest families of Auvergne, the Montmorin – Saint-Herent.

François de Montmorin – Saint-Harris bought the seigneurie of Brion to 1525 (c. 1525-1654)

Guillaume de Thynière, husband of Agnes, Montal and nephew of Morin III had bought from his uncle Chaumiane (1359) and Cureyre (1361). Their daughter, Dauphine de Thynière, by his marriage with Geoffroy de Montmorin – Saint-Herent passed these lands in the family of Montmorin.


In the 16th century devut, Jean de Montmorin – Saint-Harris, husband to Marie de Chazeron1490, holds in 1513 in Compains, the villages of Chaumiane, Cureyre, La Fage and Sandi. The same year, an agreement between him and the inhabitants of Sandi settled the terms of grazing and the royalties payable to the Lord: the cens silver, and payable in kind of rye, flax and poultry, all deliverable to the home of the Lord, the castle of Auteyras, in the municipality of Egliseneuve near Billom.

After the death of Jean in 1521, his eldest son François de Montmorin – Saint-Harris, Governor of top and bottom countries of Auvergne, adds to its assets to 1525 the fief of Brion that his descendants will retain more than a century. In order to clarify the limits of his possessions and clarified the position of its tenants, François fit set August 20, 1546 a count of his property to Compains. Composed of 31 slips now unfortunately missing (Ms 818), he showed that the lordship of Brion was lifted in barony. The same year, François tribute to the Lord of Mercœur Louis III de Bourbon-Vendôme, to his barony of Brion and his lordship of Chaumiane.

Like his ancestors, François fought for the King of France. Under Henri II, after fighting in Lorraine and the sack of the Abbey of Gorze, François de Montmorin would have been authorized to reduce from Gorze to Compains of the relics of saint Gorgon held the Abbey. It dropped off in the Church Saint-Georges de Compains where they are still kept today.

François died in 1586. His son, the Knight Gaspard de Montmorin-Saint-Hérent succeeded him to the Government of the province of Auvergne. Husband of Claude d ‘ Urfé, Gaspard is the fact of her marriage became Lord of Entraygues, expanding its possessions in the nearby parish of Egliseneuve Compains. After the death of Gaspard his brother Jean husband of Gabrielle de Murol continues the lineage. After the crises in the second half of the 16th century, the seigneury passes to the only son of Jean Gaspard II husband (1581) by Claude de Chazeron. Captain of hundred armed men, he fought for Henri III and Henri IV during the League and was killed in 1594. While he wanted to liberate Auzon held by The Raju and La Richardie, Gaspard de Montmorin promised 7000 ECU that he is unable to pay. To honor his debt, he had give them the rights to the lordship of Brion for five years (P. Cubizolles). It is likely that Compains suffered little of this provisional divestiture: the occupants aimed to recover the promised money and not paid the Raju and La Richardie had no interest in living on the people if they wanted to return to their funds

After Gilbert-Gaspard husband (1620) Catherine of Castile, is François-Gaspard de Montmorin who sells the lordship of Brion and Compains Laizer Jean in 1654.

Response to chapter: Les Laizer, Lords of Brion (1654-1789)

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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1 Response to Calling All Knights Templar

  1. Reblogged this on rosamondpress and commented:

    I hereby launch a Holy Crusade against the Wrath of Darby, an Irish Daemon who born an evil heresy into the world that came to America with this ambition “Take from the poor, and give to the rich.” The Templars were given the title ‘Poor Knights of Christ’. These daemons took over John Fremont’s political party in the name of ‘The Rapture’. They believe their ilk will be lifted to heaven while alive. They will not know death before they see God. This is mental illness on a grand scale that is causing California to experience a devastating draught. Only when Darby’s Daemons are vanquished, will the splendid showers return, and the green hills of home come alive with dancing Bohemian Maidens.

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