Tale of Two de Bourmonts

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hhmmb2Pierre de Bourmont was a parachutist for the Free French. He is in the photos above, I believe he is on the left in the photo of three. Pierre has short legs like Virginia Hambley and her mother, Elizabeth. Was Pierre kin to Victor de Bourmont, and if so, is this a tale of divided loyalties? That is Pierre on the top row-right in the group of five.

Here is the caption for the large group:

——————————————————————————–

The Golden book
Picture 1 CIA Barnes July 1941

Here is the caption of the photo:

July 1941 at the Barnes camp. From left to right:
Standing: Was Coutentin – Karam – Goff – Audibert – Gaultier – Lim – Royer g. – Roy – Ducourneau – Bergé – staying – fate – Geiger – white – Martin r. – George – Samar – Clement – Bouard
In the Middle: Le Gall – lol – Mouhot – Tourneret – Bourmont – Belle – the Ghaus – ja – Marie-Victor – Linale – Provost – Bothorel – Klinkemaille – Guichaoua – Hays – James
Seated: Boutinot (hidden) – Vidal – Jarvis – Guetry – Blignières – marriage – Nawal – Carion – Patenaude – Le Meur – Lambert – Rodier – Prados – Balere – Royer j. – Dejean – Iturria

Members of the Vichy did fight for the Allies after France was liberated. The Free French adopted the Cross of Lorraine after Joan of Arc. Why did the U.S. Government recognize the Vichy? We are beyond Pan’s Labyrinth and at the rebirth of Joan of Arc who gave birth to the formost legend of France.

Today, Briggette Bardot is considering renouncing her French citizenship.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2013

On the eve of the French Revolution, Bourmont entered the Gardes Françaises of the French royal army but he emigrated in 1789. Bourmont served in Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Prince de Condé royalist army in the campaigns of 1792 and 1793.

http://www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/bourbon/bourbgen.htm

The United States granted Vichy full diplomatic recognition, sending Admiral William D. Leahy to France as American ambassador. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull hoped to use American influence to encourage those elements in the Vichy government opposed to military collaboration with Germany. The Americans also hoped to encourage Vichy to resist German war demands, such as for air bases in French-mandated Syria or to move war supplies through French territories in North Africa. The essential American position was that France should take no action not explicitly required by the armistice terms that could adversely affect Allied efforts in the war.

Within Vichy France, there was a low-intensity civil war between the French Resistance—drawn from the Communist and Republican elements of society—against the reactionary elements who desired a fascist or similar regime as in Francisco Franco’s Spain. This civil war can be seen as the continuation of a division existing within French society since the 1789 French Revolution, illustrated by events such as the Bourbon Restoration and the White Terror enforced by the Chambre introuvable; the 1825 vote of the Anti-Sacrilege Act by the ultra-royalist comte de Villèle; the 1871 Paris Commune and the violent repression which followed, including the creation of the Basilique du Sacré-Coeur in expiation of the “Commune’s sins”; the May 16, 1877 crisis; the Dreyfus Affair; the conflict during the application of the 1905 law on the separation of the Church and the State; the 6 February 1934 riots, etc. A part of French society had never accepted the Republican regime issuing from the Revolution, and wished to reestablish the Ancien Régime. This was made apparent by the leader of the monarchist Action française, Charles Maurras’ glee, who qualified the suppression of the French Republic as a “divine surprise”.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/VichyRegime.html

On 3 October 1940, the Vichy government voluntarily promulgated the first Statute on Jews, which created a special, under-class of French Jewish citizens, and enforced, for the first time ever in France, racial segregation. The Statute first made mandatory the yellow badges, a reminiscence of old Christian anti-semitism. Police inspector André Tulard participated to the logistics concerning the attribution of these badges. The October 1940 Statute also excluded Jews from the administration, the armed forces, entertainment, arts, media, and certain professional roles (teachers, lawyers, doctors of medicine, etc.). A Commissariat-General for Jewish Affairs (CGQJ, Commissariat Général aux Questions Juives), was created on March 29, 1941. It was first directed by Xavier Vallat, until May 1942, and then by Darquier de Pellepoix until February 1944. Mirroring the Reich Association of Jews, the Union Générale des Israélites de France was founded.
The police also oversaw the confiscation of telephones and TSF (télégraphie sans fil) radios from Jewish homes and enforced a curfew on Jews starting from February 1942. It attentively monitored the Jews who did not respect the prohibition according to which they were not supposed to appear in public places and had to travel in the last car of the Parisian metro.
Along with many French police officers, André Tulard was present on the day of the inauguration of Drancy internment camp in 1941, which was used as the central transit camp for detainees captured in France, in the huge majority by the French police itself. All Jews and others “undesirables” passed through Drancy before heading to Auschwitz and other camps.

De Bourmont, Touvier said, ‘was very upset’ and Werner Knab, the Nazi secret police chief in Lyons, had ‘decided a spectacular execution of 100 Jews had to be carried out’ in reprisal for Henriot’s death. Touvier said de Bourmont persuaded the Germans that the affair was purely French and cut the number to 30. De Bourmont was ‘panic-stricken, and I was panic- stricken too’. Touvier added: ‘We tried to reduce the number . . . I said we would do seven at a time.’

Victor de Bourmont is a member of one of the largest Angevin aristocratic families. He was born 1907 in Pontivy and died in March 1945 in Pomerania near Kolberg (Korlin). It comes down to many aristocratic families the region and Brittany, including de Cossé-Brissac, and Rohan. Many of his ancestors were under the former Regime, presidents or advisors of the Chamber of Auditors from Brittany and Normandy.
Married in 1938, he left behind him, to his death four young children.
Biography[Edit]
Son of army, his father was captain at the beginning of the war of 14-18 to the 160e regiment of infantry, and then in 1917, squadron leader. The same year, uncle Victor died in Verdun in the ravine of the fountains. After the war, in 1920, Victor learned to know Germany, when his father was assigned to the army of occupation of the Rhine. He lived in Landau (1921), and in Recklinghausen (1924). The family remained ten years in Germany, and returned in Brittany as in 1930.
He was the eldest of nine siblings.
Army, Victor de Bourmont was lieutenant in the 1930s in the Sharpshooters, in Tunisia. During the second world war, he joined the militia , which he was the Chief in Lyon (with Touvier under his command), and then the SS Charlemagne Division in 1944. He was promoted to Hauptsturmführer and commanded as the 57e infantry regiment of the division which opposed theRed Armyon the eastern front. He had under his command, among others, Henri Fenet. 57E Régiment was incorporated into the 32e German infantry division. The latter was commander in 1944-1945, lieutenant-general Hans Boeckh-Behrens

Dieudonné de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
INDIVIDUAL
ARCHIVE
FAMILY LINK
INDIVIDUAL MATCHES

Parents
Louis de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
Marie Anne de CRESPAT
Spouses and children
Married to Baptistine SAY with
Anne Marie de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
Louis de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
Bertrand de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
Victor de GHAISNE de BOURMONT
Sophie de GHAISNE de BOURMONT

N ° 45 elite troops
The “French Squadron” of the SAS:

“Its objective is Berka III, one of the aero­dromes of Benghazi, 1,500 miles to the Northwest. His men, Sergeant Bouard, master corporals fate and Iturria, corporal Le Gall and himself will have to work by a detachment of the LRDG.
On June 11, “the desert rats” abandon 40 km from Benghazi, in the bled.
-Go to June 18, good hunting, good luck!
They walk the night, is camouflage agenda. In the middle of the second night of the June 12-13, they reached near the airfield for the RAF attacked. The alert facilitates them the trespass into the enemy device.
Without a shot being fired, fate trap three aircraft; the fourth watchers react and it hurt slightly. These are Italians, they remain cautious. Bobos continues sabotage on two other aircraft while others maintain the opponent remotely; Iturria, with the help of grenades; the aspirant and the Gall, with their PM. Defenders renfor­cent and their aggression forced the paratroopers to the full. Bobos is injured, but they managed to dis­paraître in the night.
On the day, they are collected by nomads who care for the wounded, hiding them and put them in contact with the British captain Mayne, who returns him also operating.
At the dawn of the fourth day, they reached whole the meeting point with the LRDG, which brings back them to Siwa where Lieutenant Jacquier, another team leader, them has already preceded. With three men, Martin, Lambert and Boutinot, it could reach related to Barcelona. They just blow up the bombs filing, which the explosion destroyed the airfield buildings, bou­leversé the track and damaged several devices. Thus, twenty enemy aircraft have been put out of use, no friendly losses. It is unfortunately not the case for actions against Derna. Only lieutenant Jordan returned. Fourteen men are missing.
From Siwa, the three groups of five parachu­tistes are transported to Derna by three German trucks recovered, led by anti-German Germans recruited by the GIS. Everything goes well until the entrance in the town. They mingle without diffi­culte with the convoys of the axis forces moved the 8th Army, which retired.
One of the vehicles goes down. Jordan decides to abandon one of the three objectives. Betrays one of the drivers. The Jordan team and that of corporal Bourmont are intercepted in their truck before you have made. In the confusion, the Hunter Guichaoua throws a grenade and escapes as well as the lieutenant. Others are quickly neutralized. It is team of cpl. Tourneret who should deal with the second objective: Martcuba II. Guichaoua places his last grenade into a device that flames. He was wounded in the head, but escapes to the Northwest. On 17, he comes across an Italian bivouac; It is again injured his hand, but fled again. Lost in the desert, he was taken prisoner on June 19 by an Italian patrol. JOR­Dan only joined the meeting point.
Guichaoua died of disease in Italy in August 1942; of Bourmont, Widal, Prados, Geiger escaped to Italy in September 1943 (Geiger took over); Gillet, Saaaf, Tourneret, Royer, j., Royer, g., was staying, James died in the torpil­lage of the vessel that was taking in Italy; Drezer lost a leg; Lingala, escaped, will continue the campaign. ”

Date of birth: 20 May 1920 – Warsaw 49

Social origin: student / school

Point of departure to France Libre: metropolis

Commitment in the free France: London in July 1940

Assignment: FAFL / paratrooper

Grade achieved during the war: Lieutenant

House of Cossé-Brissac

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(Redirected from Cossé-Brissac)
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For other uses, see Chris and Brissac.
de Cossé-Brissac

Coat of arms of the family: de Cossé-Brissac
Blazon
Sable three gold fasces, serrated bottom
Period
XVe -century XXIe century
Country or province of origin
Maine and Anjou
Allegiance
 Kingdom of France
Homes
Château de Brissac
Loads
Governor
Great Pablo France
Grand Falconer of France
Function (s) member (s)
Marshal of France
Grand Master of the artillery
General
change 
Of Cossé-Brissac (home of Chris with the title of Duke of Brissac) is a residual family of French nobility.
There are four marshals of France, generals, peer of France, six Knights of the Holy Spirit, two Governors of Paris, with large bodyguard of France, of great Falconer of France, three bishops, as well as a politician in the French Fifth Republic .

http://www.francaislibres.net/liste/fiche.php?index=57574

Louis et Yolande de Ghaisne de Bourmont (8.1.2)

Yolande LEVESQUE, née le 13 mai 1913, à Nantes (44), décédée le 28 octobre 1935, à Mont-de-Marsan (40),
et Louis de BOURMONT, né le 11 septembre 1905, à Marigné-Peuton (53), décédé le 5 novembre 1991, à Hossegor (40),

d’où 2 enfants : Gilles (1934-1934), Odile (1935).

http://recuerdo.macreablog.com/rub1643/

From Siwa, the three groups of five parachu­tistes are transported to Derna by three German trucks recovered, led by anti-German Germans recruited by the GIS. Everything goes well until the entrance in the town. They mingle without diffi­culte with the convoys of the axis forces moved the 8th Army, which retired.
One of the vehicles goes down. Jordan decides to abandon one of the three objectives. Betrays one of the drivers. The Jordan team and that of corporal Bourmont are intercepted in their truck before you have made. In the confusion, the Hunter Guichaoua throws a grenade and escapes as well as the lieutenant. Others are quickly neutralized. It is team of cpl. Tourneret who should deal with the second objective: Martcuba II. Guichaoua places his last grenade into a device that flames. He was wounded in the head, but escapes to the Northwest. On 17, he comes across an Italian bivouac; It is again injured his hand, but fled again. Lost in the desert, he was taken prisoner.

another statement of Bourmont

– (…) To you, inhabitants of Africa, hold for certain that I just point make you war. Your duty is to stay quiet… I certify that there is no one among us who wants to do you no harm or disturb you in possession of your property… You enjoy as you do today… Your mosques, large and small, will continue to be frequented and devoted as they are to your worship…
Our single goal is to attack the Pasha… It is clear and demonstrated to you that he was only working to ruin and the misfortune of your country, and it plays your fortunes and your lives…
(…)
cited (undated) by Gustave Gautherot in the conquest of Algiers, 1830,
Payot, 1929, p. 170.

Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont (2 September 1773 – 27 October 1846) emigrated from France soon after the outbreak of the French Revolution. A lifelong royalist, he fought with the counter-revolutionary Army of Condé for two years, then joined the insurrection in France from three more years before going into exile.

Bourbon RestorationAfter the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon’s fall, Bourmont gave evidence that led to Ney’s execution. After the Second Restoration, he was given command of the 16th infantry division in Besançon and took part in the Spanish campaign of 1823. King Charles X of France made him minister of war in 1829 and Marshal of France in 1830. He was commanding the Invasion of Algiers in 1830 when the July Revolution broke out in 1830. Bourmont refused give his allegiance to the new King Louis Philippe and was dismissed from service.
In 1832 Marshal Bourmont took part in the rising of Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry and on its failure fled to Portugal. He commanded the army of the absolutist monarch King Miguel during the Liberal Wars and after the victory of the constitutional party he retired to Rome.

According to historian David Hamilton-Williams, the Comte d’Artois asked Bourmont to remain a royalist agent, so he requested to continue in command.

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/01/03/illustrious-kindred-of-virginia-hambley/

He served in Italy and on the staff of the Eugène de Beauharnais during the Russian campaign of 1812.

“The Captain” is commanding an outpost responsible for squashing the few remaining Anarchist rebels living in the mountains who are under the impression that the Spanish Civil War is still being fought. As far as lost causes go, few were as lost as the Anarchist cause during the Spanish Civil War: the war was largely over by 1939 and Franco would rule over a Fascist Spain until his death in 1975, upon which the Bourbon monarchy was restored.

In one scene between mother and daughter, at Carmen’s request, Ofelia tells her brother-to-be a fairy tale – setting out for him the new ideal of Spain. The brother is the coming Monarchy of Juan Carlos, made by Franco with the agreement of the Church. In her story, Ofelia tells her brother to enter the world of occult and look for a mysterious rose at the top of a dark mountain covered with thorns.

Ofelia must bring him the newborn Monarchy to be sacrificed on the altar of the occult so that Spain can fully return to Paganism and the kingdom of darkness. But Spain protects her half-brother, the new regime, and is forced to return the infant to the hands of a wounded and drugged Francoism, who has pursued Ofelia into the labyrinth.

http://www.royaltyguide.nl/families/bourbon/bbspain3.htm

Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (christened Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena; 24 October 1887 – 15 April 1969) was queen consort of King Alfonso XIII of Spain. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom; and the first cousin of King George V of the United Kingdom, Queen Maud of Norway, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, Queen Marie of Romania, Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, Queen Louise of Sweden, and Queen Sophia of the Hellenes. Juan Carlos I of Spain is her grandson.

Juan became heir-apparent to the defunct Spanish throne after the renunciations of his two older brothers, Alfonso and Jaime, both in 1933. To assert his claim to the throne, after his father’s death he used the title of Count of Barcelona, a sovereign title associated with the Spanish crown.
In 1936, his father sent him to enter Spain and participate in the uprising but, near the French border, General Mola arrested him and sent him back.
When General Francisco Franco declared Spain to be a kingdom in 1947, he characterised it as a reinstitution. However, Franco was afraid that Don Juan would turn out to be too liberal and roll back the Falangist state. As a result, in 1969, Franco passed over Juan, who would have been King if the monarchy had continued uninterrupted, in favour of his son Juan Carlos, who Franco believed would be more likely to continue the Francoist State after his death. Juan Carlos later surprised many by his support of democratising Spain. Franco and the Count of Barcelona did not have a good relationship, with the Count constantly pressing Franco to restore the monarchy. Relations soured further when Juan called Franco an “illegitimate usurper”, while Franco claimed he had a stronger claim to rule Spain than did Juan.
The Count of Barcelona formally renounced his rights to the Crown eight years after being displaced as recognised heir to the throne by Franco, and two years after his son Juan Carlos had become King. In return, his son officially granted him the title of Count of Barcelona, which he had claimed for so long.

Louis XIV, “the Sun King.” His other son, founded a collateral branch of Bourbons known as the House of Orleans. Louis XIV’s grandson, Philippe, duc d’Anjou became Philip V of Spain, who founded the Spanish House of Bourbon.

The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. It is granted to generals for exceptional achievements. It was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France during the Ancien Régime and Bourbon Restoration and one of the Great Dignitaries of the Empire during the First French Empire (when the title was not “Marshal of France” but “Marshal of the Empire”).
A Marshal of France displays seven stars. The marshal also receives a baton, a blue cylinder with stars, formerly fleurs-de-lis during the monarchy and Eagles during the First French Empire. It has the Latin inscription: Terror belli, decus pacis, which means “Terror in war, ornament in peace”.
Six Marshals of France have been given the even more exalted rank of Marshal General of France: Biron, Lesdiguières, Turenne, Villars, Saxe, and Soult.

Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily

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  (Redirected from Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry)
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Caroline
Duchess of Berry
Duchess della Grazia

Caroline in 1825 by Thomas Lawrence
Spouse
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry
Ettore Carlo Lucchesi-Palli
Issue
Louise Marie Thérèse, Duchess of Parma
Henri, Count of Chambord
Anna Maria Rosalia Lucchesi-Palli
Clementina Lucchesi-Palli
Francesca di Paola Lucchesi-Palli
Maria Isabella Lucchesi-Palli
Adinolfo Lucchesi-Palli, 9th Duke della Grazia
Full name
Italian: Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Luisa
French: Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise
House
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
House of Bourbon
Father
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Mother
Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria
Born
(1798-11-05)5 November 1798
Caserta Palace, Caserta, Italy
Died
17 April 1870(1870-04-17) (aged 71)
Brünsee, Styria, Austria-Hungary
Burial
Mureck Cemetery, Mureck
Religion
Roman Catholic
Caroline of Naples and Sicily[1] (Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Luise; 5 November 1798 – 17 April 1870) was the daughter of the future King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Clementina of Austria.

Contents
 [hide] 
1 Life
2 Issue
3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
3.1 Titles and styles
4 Ancestors
5 References
6 Further reading
7 External links
[edit] Life
Caroline was born at the Caserta Palace as the eldest child of Prince Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Naples and Sicily. Her mother was an Archduchess of Austria herself the tenth child and third daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. Her parents were double first cousins.
Caroline was baptised with the names of her paternal grand parents, Maria Carolina of Austria and King Ferdinand of Naples.
She spent her youth in Palermo and in Naples. Her mother died in 1801 having given birth a son the previous year with a difficult birth. She died aged 24; her father married again in 1802 to the Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain, another first cousin. The couple would have a further twelve children.
Caroline married King Louis XVIII of France’s nephew, Charles Ferdinand d’Artois on 24 April 1816 in Naples, following negotiations with the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily[2] by the French ambassador Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas, thus becoming the duchesse de Berry otherwise known as Madame de Berry in France.
Even though it was an arranged marriage, it was a happy marriage Caroline living at the Élysée Palace in Paris which was given to her.
She became an important figure during the Bourbon Restoration after the assassination of her husband in 1820. Caroline’s son, Henri, Count of Chambord, was named the “miracle child” because he was born after his father’s death and continued the direct Bourbon line of King Louis XIV of France. (The Duke of Berry saw only one child born by Caroline, Louise).
In 1824, King Louis XVIII died and was succeeded by Caroline’s father-in-law, King Charles X.
In 1830, she was forced to flee France when Charles X was overthrown during the July Revolution. She lived in Bath and Regent Terrace, Edinburgh for a time.[3]
In 1831 she returned to her family in Naples via the Netherlands, Prussia and Austria.[3] Later, however, with the help of Emmanuel Louis Marie de Guignard, vicomte de Saint Priest, she unsuccessfully attempted to restore the Legitimist Bourbon dynasty during the reign of the Orléanist monarch, King Louis Philippe of the French (1830–1848).
Her failed rebellion in the Vendée in 1832 was followed by her arrest and imprisonment in November, 1832. She was released in June, 1833 after giving birth to a daughter and revealing her secret marriage to an Italian nobleman, Ettore Carlo Lucchesi-Palli, 8th Duke della Grazia. In 1844, she and her husband purchased the beautiful palazzo Ca’ Vendramin Calergi on the Grand Canal in Venice from the last member of the Vendramin family line. In the turmoil of the Risorgimento, she was forced to sell the palazzo to her grandson, Prince Henry, Count of Bardi, and many of its fine works of art were auctioned in Paris.[4]
She returned to Sicily, ignored by other members of the House of Bourbon, and died near Graz (Austria-Hungary) in 1870.
French novelist Alexandre Dumas, père wrote two stories about her and her plotting.
[edit] Issue
Children with Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry:[1]
Princess Louise Élisabeth of France (13 July 1817 – 14 July 1817)
Prince Louis of France (born and died 13 September 1818)
Louise Marie Thérèse d’Artois (21 September 1819 – 1 February 1864)
Henri d’Artois, Duke of Bordeaux and Count of Chambord (29 September 1820 – 24 August 1883)
Children with Ettore Carlo Lucchesi-Palli, 8th Duke della Grazia:[1]
Anna Maria Rosalia Lucchesi-Palli (10 May 1833 – October 1833)[5]
Clementina Lucchesi-Palli (19 November 1835 – 22 March 1925)
Francesca di Paola Lucchesi-Palli (12 October 1836 – 10 May 1923; her son Camillo Massimo, Principe di Arsoli was the father-in-law of Princess Adelaide of Savoy, daughter of Prince Thomas, Duke of Genoa and his wife Princess Isabella of Bavaria; her other son Fabrizio Massimo, Principe di Roviano married Beatriz of Spain, daughter of Carlos, Duke of Madrid and his first wife Princess Margherita of Parma)
Maria Isabella Lucchesi-Palli (18 March 1838 – 1 April 1873)
Adinolfo Lucchesi-Palli, 9th Duke della Grazia (10 March 1840 – 4 February 1911; his son Pietro Lucchesi-Palli married Beatrice Colomba Maria di Borbone Principessa di Parma, the daughter of Robert I, Duke of Parma and his first wife Princess Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies).

House of Rohan

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For other uses, see Rohan.

Château des Rohan in Mutzig, Alsace (completed in 1673)

Hôtel de Rohan-Soubise, Paris (completed in 1705)

Palais Rohan in Strasbourg, Alsace (completed in 1742)

Palais Rohan in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (completed in 1774)

Château des Rohan in Saverne, Alsace (completed in 1790)

Palais Rohan in Vienna, Austria (completed in 1864)
The House of Rohan is a family of viscounts, later dukes and princes, coming from the locality of Rohan in Brittany. Their line descends from the viscounts of Porhoët and said to trace back to the legendary Conan Meriadoc. Through the Porhoët, the Rohan are related to the Dukes of Brittany, with whom the family intermingled again in after its inception. They developed ties with the French and English royal houses as well, and played an important role in French and European history.

Contents
 [hide] 
1 Branches and titles
2 Notable members
3 See also
4 External links
[edit] Branches and titles
Alain I de Rohan, son of the viscount of Porhoët, was the first to take on the name of Rohan, after the place where he was born.
The main branch of the family went extinct when Jean II died childless in 1638; his title and possessions passed on to the cadet branch of Rohan-Gié.
When the first duke of Rohan, Henri II de Rohan-Gié, died, his title and name passed on to the Chabot family as his only daughter married Henri Chabot. This created the Rohan-Chabot lineage, which was not really a branch of the Rohan family.
During the 17th and 18th centuries the Rohan also bore the title Prince Étranger habitué en France due to their descent from the old kings of Brittany and their hereditary control of the archbishopric of Strasbourg, which made them princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
Rohan-Gié, extinct 1638
Rohan-Soubise, extinct 1787
[edit] Notable members
Henri II de Rohan-Gié (1579–1638) started viscount, then became the 1st duc de Rohan, and peer of France
Hercule Mériadec de Rohan (1669–1749)
Maria di Rohan
Henri, Duc de Rohan
Louis René Édouard de Rohan
Charles, Prince of Soubise
Victoire de Rohan
Marie de Rohan
Ferdinand Maximilien Meriadec de Rohan
Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
Marie Antoinette
Alexander de Rohan

Don Carlos, Duke of Madrid (March 30, 1848 – July 18, 1909) was the senior member of the House of Bourbon from 1887 until his death. He was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos VII from 1868 (his father’s Spanish abdication), and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France under the name Charles XI after the death of his father in 1887.

Contents
 [hide] 
1 Life
2 Ancestry
3 Footnotes
4 Bibliography
[edit] Life
Carlos was born in Ljubljana, the capital of Carniola in what is now Slovenia, the elder son of Juan, Count of Montizón and of his wife Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este. His name in full was Carlos María de los Dolores Juan Isidro José Francisco, Quirico Antonio Miguel Gabriel Rafael. As an infant he lived with his family briefly in London where his younger brother Alfonso was born. After their father, considered too liberal for Carlist tastes, left their mother, the boys lived with her in Modena. Her brother Duke Francis V of Modena was largely responsible for the education of the boys and was the chief influence in their early lives. Carlos was known for his traditionalist views, much different from those of his father.
On February 4, 1867, at Frohsdorf in Austria, Carlos married Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma, daughter of Duke Charles III of Parma and of his wife, Louise Marie Thérèse of France. The couple had five children:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Bourbon-Parma

In 1799, defeats military of the Republic, which lead to new lifting of men and the vote of the law of hostages, prompted the chouans chiefs to revive the insurgency. On 14 September 1799, 200 heads vendéens and chouans gather at the Château de la Jonchère, near Pouancé, defended by 1,200 men and fix a general arms socket for October 15. The command was reorganized, with the endorsement of the comte d’Artois, Georges Cadoudal took command of the Morbihan where it has 18,000 men, then Finistère and the Côtes-du-Nord where he called respectively the Paige of Bar and Mercier at the head of these departments. However William the grey-Duval, who until then was dominant in this last Department, refuses to recognize Mercier and a rivalry between the two leaders. Louis de rub command 10,000 men in Normandy, in the Orne River and a part of Manche, Calvados and even the Mayenne. Boisguy imprisoned, Charles Taylor of the Prévalaye succeeded in Ille-et-Vilaine. Pierre Louis bucket of Châtillon, assisted by Louis of Andigné, takes over the management of the territories of the Loire-Inférieure and the Maine-et-Loire located north of the river and has 8,000 men under his command. Louis de Bourmont, assisted by Claude-Augustin de Tercier, command 8,000 men in Maine and part of Anjou is the Mayenne and Sarthe departments. For the Vendée Suzannet succeeded Charette for the Territories West of the Vendée and the South of the Loire-Inférieure, Sapinaud takes over in the East of the Vendée as Charles D’autichamp, he succeeded Stofflet in the South of the Maine-et-Loire and North of Deux-Sèvres.
In September, Boisguy escapes from Saumur, but was injured during the escape. After serving time in the army of Châtillon, he regains the Ille-et-Vilaine but does not dispute the Prévalaye command and simply take over the management of the division of ferns.

On 15 October, the Chouans are rising. The Chouannerie extends and covers still more territory in 1796, the insurgency wins the Trégor and into the vicinity of Quimper Cornouaille, and Calvados, Manche and Orne. Redeployed at the borders, the Republican forces in the West are no longer that of 37 000 hommes49 the old Republican armies of the coast of Brest, Cherbourg and West merged to form the army of England headed by general Michaud. Bourmont attacked the first and takes Le Mans with 3,000 men during the night of 15 to 16 October. Similarly, the night from 20 to 21 October, Châtillon takes Nantes with 2,000 to 3,000 men. Cadoudal fails before valves on 6 October, but seizes Sarzeau, while Mercier takes Saint-Brieuc. Pierre Guillemot enters Locminé and Sol de Grisolles takes La Roche-Bernard, while rubbed was repulsed at Vire50. However these successes do not last the Chouans do the cities as a few days or a few hours, simply release the prisoners and burning the administration papers.

On 28 and 29 November, the British commodore Keats landed four guns, two howitzers and 25,000 rifles on the Pointe de Pen Lan in Billiers.

In Vannes, general Harty reads and tries to oppose the m.t/h conveyor of these weapons to the Interior with 2,000 men, but Guillemot and Mercier attempt a mission delay, and November 30, the battle of the Elven tower with 1,200 men. The mission succeeds and Harty must be retirer51.

But the war stops abruptly after new events in Paris. November 9 general Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Executive Board during the coup d ‘ état of 18 brumaire. Bonaparte initiated a policy of pacification combining, on the one hand, religious freedom and the suspension of the withdrawal of men in exchange for the immediate submission of the insurgents, on the other hand, the execution of the leaders recalcitrants44. On 15 November, general Gabriel d’hedouville took command of the army of England and opens negotiations with the chouans heads on 9 December in Pouance. Gradually the chouans general opt for suspension of arms, the Prévalaye signed a truce on 4 December, followed the 10 by Cadoudal and Louis de Bourmont 24 and rubbed the 26.

But the chouans generals are divided between those who want the peace, the Prévalaye and Autichamps including, and those who want to continue the war. Cadoudal, rubbed and Bourmont. Finally, on 28 December the consuls of the Republic proclaim to the inhabitants of Western religious freedom. But Bonaparte detaches 30,000 men of the borders and send in the West under the command of general Guillaume Brune. Hédouville is to replaced by Brown on 16 January, he takes the head of the army of England, which is renamed Army of the West. Against such forces, heads vendéens, Suzannet, and D’autichamp Sapinaud, sign peace 18 janvier53 Châtillon and the grey-Duval after January 20. Cadoudal, rubbed and Bourmont continue the fight, hoping the arrival in Britain of the Comte d’Artois at the head of 20,000 emigrants and British soldiers.

Meanwhile general Harty, even before the arrival of the general Brune, attempts to output to GM, the basis of Cadoudal, with nearly 4,000 men on 25 January 1800. But Cadoudal brings together 8,000 men and counterattack. Harty lost about 1,000 men but he managed to avoid the total destruction of his troupe and return valves.
With the advance of general Brown, the last chiefs surrendered. The Prévalaye submitted on 2 February, Boisguy however succeeded him and continued the fight. Bourmont sign peace sankarmts 4. Meanwhile Cadoudal signed peace on 14 February at the Château de Beauregard, near Vannes, with general Brune55. Boisguy, beaten on 6 February by general Dumoulin in the battle of Tombettes, head to the general Brown in Rennes on 18 fevrier56. The same day, Louis de rub was shot at Avre. On 8 February he had ordered the cessation of fighting, and on 17 February with the Pawandeep general but had gone under the pretext of the expiry of his passport had been arrested and shot the next day.

Subsequently, the Concordat of 1801 and the return of the refractory priests to detach the population, weary of the war, royalist until 1815

Mr count of Bourmont,
Galloway entry by Mr LEE House
a Edinburgh

Wednesday, July 23 [1799].
I still wrote yesterday, my dear count, my good Bishop in your direction and hers for him to share some sounds that are here, are not devoid of reality, and that fit into the fears I expressed previously, but in this time-cy have much better implementation. I am talking about some evil negotiation which are endormiroit powers, as with a paitri cake, by I do main what Baker, Orpheus is said, once asleep three coulisees of Cerberus gules. What there is for certain is that the villains have now other resource. It is their last hope. It is their last rotten Board, but not so rotten that it do we give well of taintoin is they mettoient forward to save himself. Where I find always the same refrein of a prompt start and who will be always too late. As if this is so, there work the spirits as well as the fripperie of the gouvernans. It is also now I have to go, it is for you, MM the King people, because it is necessary that I organize my militia, and that the people of God give in same time the necklace. The banner and the cross should walk at the same time, peace and justice held by the hand.Mind wall, my dear count, and your heart though young feel this truth because it is based on the ideas of order and honor. Therefore represent my good Bishop the need to send back me with you, as its goodness than his friendship for me to stop less to the consideration of my health than the utility which I can be. What it me posted by you my general chaplain patent. I have made you you and g (ener) al Mercier my bargaining with him to conduct the case to our common satisfaction. I still just make myself devour the face by six beasts Jacobin, and then apply a large blister that hides me the figure to shorten my cure; in three days I will be restored to my natural state at least when to the form, and I swear to not do anything in this country, where they do me laisseroient if I the ecoutois, a drop of blood to pay for God and the King in France if the providence find me worthy of this glory.
Farewell, my dear count, mile love to g (ener) al-Mercier, and C (om) te the road. We hope to see you all soon. Mde your mother market, comes out, there it is out of business. I look forward to my plaster falls for go it compliment on her perfect recovery. Châtillon to point load of Mr de tr. (elan). He said, it may have the arms of a man but is the language of a woman, and that he likes point people who together so both sexes etc etc rubbed even does not want what it connoisse the point of descent in his country. It is unfortunate for Mr de tr. earned this reputation. We have indeed greatly need to surround us with discrete people.I do to not say you more because I presume that I am not the only one that you wrote.
Good Dai, my dear count, receive the assurance of the sincere commitment of your devoted servant
Of Exxx(from Egrigny)
Watchtower-F. you say a million things one and the other.

Landing in France in September 1799, Bourmont succeeded in grouping an army of fifteen legions for Maine, Perche and the Chan country. He had himself the provinces of Maine, Perche, etc.4 command a month later after deplaning, he returned to campaign and, on 14 October, the royalist troops occupy Le Mans. Then comes the surrender of 21 January 1800.

Louis Herville EGRIGNY Jao(b. 1754), vicar-general of Bordeaux and Arras, Canon of the Cathedral of Bordeaux, pray commandataire of Saint-Grégoire de Eguillon, Abbot commandataie of Doudeauville.

Louis de FROTTÉ(Alençon, 1766 – shot at Laye on 18 February 1800). Emblematic leader of the chouannerie normande.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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