Genealogical Demonization of JezzeBa’al

jezzGenealogical Demonization of JezzeBa’al

Joash is one of the four kings omitted by Matthew (1:8) in the genealogy of Jesus, the other three being Ahaziah, Amaziah, and Jehoiakim.

I wonder how many Sinclair researchers read the Bible, and how many saw anything in what they read. When I first read the Bible in 1987 I wondered why Atheliah would murder all her kindred. Royalty always wants to strengthen their lineage so as to keep it from becoming extinct. Therefore, this story may be the invention of Jewish followers of YHWH s as to keep down all Phoenician and Carthaginian claimants to the throne of Judah. This may be the reason we have two genealogies for Jesus to prove he was not a prophet of Ba’al which would be the motive for killing him. Being of a Moabite lineage, he and others had come to believe that going back to traditional family gods was the way, because YHWH had failed to keep the Roman wolves out of the promised land. The worship of Melqart-Ba’al was found in Europe amongst the alleged pagans who were at war with Rome. Jesus Ba’al would be another Hannibal, a warrior priest-king, who is kin to Jezzebal and Athelia. If there was, and is a Abolitionist God of the Jews then I would want a champion to come forth and destroy the Slave Masters and their empire that is found in the South, and is holding our nation in suspense in the name of false Jesus.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2012

The Ruthless Queen Athalia

A military commander by the name of Jehu was sent by God to kill off the royal line of Ahab. Jehu had carried out God’s orders and destroyed most of Ahab’s family including Athaliah’s husband Jeroham and her son King Ahaziah. Once her son had passed away Athalia decided to kill off the rest of the royal line so that no one could claim any right to rule. Apparently, it didn’t matter if the people she was killing was her children, grandchildren and relatives. After she carried out this deed she became the undisputed Queen of Israel.

Jehoiada Assassinates the Queen

While Queen Athalia was wiping out her royal line her sister Jehosheba hid one of Ahaziah’s children named Joash and hid him in Solomon’s Temple under the watch of her husband Jehoiada who made sure that he would remain safe until the right time. Jehoiada was a godly man and the head priest in the temple. While Athalia ruled the kingdom he plotted her assassination in order to place the young king Joash back on the throne. In the sixth year of Athalia’s rule Jehoiada carried out his plot. He took the young king to the temple and declared him king before the people. Athalia heard the commotion and tried to figure out what was going on. When she went down to observe what was happening, Jehoiada ordered his soldiers to assassinate her and anyone who followed her. Once Athalia was slain young Joash was finally free to rule the kingdom.

Jezebel is the Anglicized transliteration of the Hebrew אִיזָבֶל (‘Izevel/’Izavel). Attempts to trace the meaning of the name are speculative, since its origin can only be conjectured.
The biblical Hebrew ‘Izebel may be rooted in a Hebrew word for “prince/nobility” or “husband” (בעל bul/ba’al) combined with the word for “naught/none” (יי ‘iy), “there is no prince/nobility/husband,” suggesting a lack of character (i.e. implying lack of royal sensibilities) or of morality (i.e. unmarried, implying adultery or fornication). It may also find its root in a Hebrew word for “dung” (from זבל gbl; note here Ba’al-zebul/Ba’al-zebub, “Lord of dung”) combined with the word for either “naught/none” (‘iy) or “island” (‘iyz), thus “no dung” or “island of dung.”[citation needed]
Other sources find meaning from the character’s native Syro-Phoenician language. It may be rooted in the word ba’al (lord), referring either to the Syro-Phoenician god, the “King of Heaven,” or simply the royal title “lord.” Thus, Iz-ba’al may mean “the Lord (Ba’al) exists/exalts” or “where is the prince,” a name known from liturgies of the Syro-Phoenician Ba’al cults.[citation needed]
[edit] Scripture and history

Jezebel from “Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum ”

The death of Jezebel, by Gustave Doré
Jezebel’s story is told in 1st and 2nd Kings, which details an intense religious-political struggle — the most detailed such account of any period in the history of the Kingdom of Israel. The account portrays the religious side of the events, with the political, economic and social background — highly important to modern historians — given only incidentally.[3]
Jezebel was a Phoenician princess, the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Phoenician empire. She married King Ahab of the Northern Kingdom (i.e. Israel during the time when ancient Israel was divided into Israel in the north and Judah in the south). She helped convert Ahab from worship of the Jewish God to worship of the Phoenician god Baal. After she had many Jewish prophets killed, Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal to a competition (1 Kings 18), exposed the rival god as powerless, and had the prophets of Baal slaughtered (1 Kings 18:40). Jezebel becomes his enemy.[3]
The scholar V. Barzowski interprets Ahab’s marriage to Jezebel as a dynastic marriage intended to cement a Phoenician political alliance. This went back to the times of King Solomon, to give the then-inland Kingdom of Israel access to the Mediterranean Sea and international trade. The monarchy (and possibly an urban elite connected with it) enjoyed the wealth derived from this trade, which gave it a stronger position vis-a-vis the rural landowners. The monarchy became more centralized with a powerful administration.[4][dubious – discuss]
Barzowski believes that the story of Naboth, a landowner killed at the instigation of Jezebel so the King could acquire his land, points to this interpretation. With her foreign religion and cosmopolitan culture, Jezebel represented a hated Phoenician alliance from which the landowners had little to gain and much to lose. Their resentment was expressed in religious terms as related to the difference in religions. Eventually Jehu achieved a bloody coup, instigated and supported by the prophets whose actions the Bible preserves.[4]
[edit] Interpretations
In The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience, Roger Williams, the founder of the American colony of Rhode Island and the co-founder of the First Baptist Church in America, wrote of Naboth’s story as an example of how God disfavored the use of government force in religious matters. Williams believed using force in the name of religion would lead to political persecution, contrary to the Bible’s teachings.[5]
[edit] Cultural symbol
The name Jezebel came to be associated with false prophets, and further associated by the early 20th century with fallen or abandoned women.[6] In Christian lore, a comparison to Jezebel suggested that a person was a pagan or an apostate masquerading as a servant of God. By manipulation and/or seduction, she misled the saints of God into sins of idolatry and sexual immorality.[7] In particular, Jezebel has come to be associated with promiscuity. In modern usage, the name of Jezebel is sometimes used as a synonym for sexually promiscuous and sometimes controlling women,[8][9] In his two-volume Guide to the Bible (1967 and 1969), Isaac Asimov describes Jezebel’s last act: dressing in all her finery, make-up and jewelry, as deliberately symbolic, indicating her dignity, royal status and determination to go out of this life as a Queen.

Ithobaal I (in Hebrew Ethbaal, 1 Kings 16:31) was a king of Tyre who founded a new dynasty. During his reign, Tyre expanded its power on the mainland, making all of Phoenicia its territory as far north as Beirut, including Sidon, and even a part of the island of Cyprus. At the same time, Tyre also built new overseas colonies: Botrys (now Batrun) near Byblos, and Auza in Libya.
Primary information related to Ithobaal comes from Josephus’s citation of the Phoenician author Menander of Ephesus, in Against Apion i.18. Here it is said that the previous king, Phelles, “was slain by Ithobalus, the priest of Astarte, who reigned thirty-two years, and lived sixty-eight years; he was succeeded by his son Badezorus (Baal-Eser II).”
The dates given here are according to the work of F. M. Cross[1] and other scholars[2][3] who take 825 BC as the date of Dido’s flight from her brother Pygmalion, after which she founded the city of Carthage in 814 BC. See the chronological justification for these dates in the Pygmalion article.
Ithobaal held close diplomatic contacts with king Ahab of Israel. First Kings 16:31 relates that his daughter Jezebel married Ahab (874 – 853 BC),[4] and Phoenician influence in Samaria and the other Israelite cities was extensive. In the 1 Kings passage, Ithobaal is labeled king of the Sidonians. At this time Tyre and Sidon were consolidated into one kingdom.
Menander’s comment that Ithobaal had been a priest of Astarte before becoming king explains why his daughter Jezebel was so zealous in the promotion of idolatry, thus leading to the conflicts between Elijah and Jezebel’s forces described in 1 Kings 18 and 19.[5] Menander’s further statement that her father was a murderer sheds some light on her choice of a way to solve the “Naboth” problem in 1 Kings 21.

William F. Albright has dated his reign to 837 – 800 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 835 – 796 BC.[3]
While yet an infant, he was saved from the general massacre commanded by Athaliah of the family by his aunt Jehosheba (or Josaba in Douay-Rheims), and was apparently the only surviving male descendant of his grandfather Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:4,17). His uncle, the high priest Jehoiada, brought him forth to public notice when he was seven years of age, and had Jehoash crowned and anointed king. Athaliah was taken by surprise when she heard the shout of the people, “Long live the king”; and when she appeared in the temple to challenge this coup, Jehoiada commanded her to be led forth out of the Temple to be put to death (2 Kings 11:13-20).
While the High Priest lived, Jehoash favored the worship of God and observed the Law, but on his death Jehoash was led into supporting other gods. Zechariah, the son and successor of the High Priest, boldly condemned this rebellion, but was put to death. For these deeds, the author of the Books of Chronicles believed Jehoash brought down on the land the judgement of God, and it was oppressed by the Aramean invaders. He was buried in the City of David (2 Kings 12:21).
He is one of the four kings omitted by Matthew (1:8) in the genealogy of Jesus, the other three being Ahaziah, Amaziah, and Jehoiakim.
In 2001, an unprovenanced inscription was published, known as the Jehoash Inscription or Temple Inscription, which appears to be a record of repairs made to Solomon’s Temple during Jehoash’s reign. Following extensive scientific tests the Israeli archaeological authorities declared it to be a forgery and are prosecuting the perpetrator, although a number of experts maintain that it is not a forgery.[4]
When the Syrian king Hazael marched against Jerusalem, Joash bribed him with the gold of the royal and sacred treasuries to turn back (2 Kings 12:18-19 (AV 17-18)); this proved fruitless (2 Chronicles 24:23-25) for the Syrian army persisted to destroy all the princes of Judah and the soldiers “executed judgment against Joash,” and they left him severely wounded. Joash was assassinated by his own servants at Beth-milo, after a reign of forty years, and his assassination is recorded as an act of revenge for the blood of Zechariah the son of Jehoiada 2 Kings 12:1,21; 2 Chronicles 24:1,25).
Rulers of Judah
Joash was buried together with his fathers in the city of David (2 Kings 12:22), although he was “not (buried) in the sepulchres of the kings” (2 Chronicles 24:25).

Jehoash or Joas (in Douay-Rheims) (Hebrew: יְהֹואָשׁ, Yəhôʾāš ; “Jehovah-given”; Greek: Ιωας; Latin: Joas;[1] fl. c. 800 BC), sometimes written Joash or Joás (Hebrew: יֹואָשׁ, Yôʾāš),[2] was the eighth king of the southern Kingdom of Judah, and the sole surviving son of Ahaziah. His mother was Zibiah of Beersheba (2 Kings 12:1).

Ahaziah of Judah (Hebrew: אֲחַזְיָה, ʼĂḥazyāh; Greek: Οχοζιας Okhozias; Latin: Ahazia)[1] was king of Judah, and the son of Jehoram and Athaliah, the daughter (or possibly sister) of king Ahab of Israel. He is also called Jehoahaz (2 Chronicles 21:17; 25:23).

Jehoiakim (pronounced /dʒɨˈhɔɪ.əkɪm/; Hebrew יְהוֹיָקִים “he whom Jehovah has set up”, also sometimes spelled Jehoikim (Greek: Ιωακιμ; Latin: Joakim), c. 635-597 BC, was a king of Judah. He was the second son of king Josiah by Zebidah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.[1] His birth name was Eliakim (אֶלְיָקִים Greek: Ελιακιμ; Latin: Eliakim).

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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