“While one of the wealthiest men in Texas (fortune derived from Humble Oil, co-founded by his grandfather), he is extremely secretive. Close personal friend of George H.W. Bush, and a heavy Republican donor. Gave Bush their pet dog Millie, and he is the one who managed the then-Vice President’s assets in a blind trust. Queen Elizabeth II has been a guest at Farish’s horse ranch (Lane’s End Farm near Lexington, Kentucky), and their horses breed with each other — Farish is a horse breeder at the highest level, including winners of the Belmont, Preakness, and Kentucky Derby; he also for a time was Chairman of the Board of Churchill Downs. From 2001 to 2004 he served as US Ambassador to Great Britain, including during September 11 and aftermath.
John and Jessie Fremont were close to the Radical Republicans who insisted Confederate Traitors sign the Iron clad Oath. Come election time, when you see a Tea Party Traitor demonstrating against a Democrat, get in their face and demand they sign this same Iron Clad Oath!
Kindred of the Bentons did not allow our newly elected President to stay at the Blair House built by my kindred. There is a good chance I am kin to William Farish.
Above is the humble grave marker of a Samuel Rosamond who descends from Samuel Roseman who fought alond side the Swamp Fox played by Mel Gibson in the movie ‘The Patriot’. Elizabeth Rosemond’s kindred are buried alongside Samuel.
Friday at Christie’s in New York, the fine antiques from Ravenna, the Lazy Lane landmark home of the late Lottie Rice Farish, wife of Stephen P. Farish, will be offered for sale.
“This is an interesting group of furniture, mostly 18th- and 19th-century English, lovely Oriental rugs, some nice Chinese export porcelains and good glass,” said William J. Iselin, Christie’s vice president and director of European furniture. “It’s a good mix of what every patrician family felt they had to have in their home.’ Star of the estate collection, according to Iselin, is a late 18th-century George III mahogany breakfront bookcase that closely follows the design published by Thomas Chippendale in 1753. The bookcase stood in the grand living room holding most of a 13-piece Chinese export porcelain armorial dinner service with the coat of arms of the Englishman who originally ordered it. Christie’s estimates the bookcase will fetch $80,000 to $120,000.
President Bush’s close friend and hunting buddy, Will Farish of Houston, is a nephew of Lottie Farish. His father, William Stamps Farish, a co-founder of Humble Oil Co. and Stephen’s brother, married another Rice daughter, Libbie.
Legendary Houston architect John F. Staub designed Ravenna for the Stephen Farishes in 1934, a grand synthesis of Palladianism and Southern regionalism.
Staub is said to have helped the Farishes acquire much of the furniture from New York antiques dealers, and undoubtedly some of them will be buying it this time around.
The History Channel’s first part of Hatfields and McCoys on May 28 spends little time with boring exposition or lengthy character introduction. In the first few minutes of the two-hour miniseries, we meet the main protagonists of an epic feud that will threaten to devour both families.
‘Devil’ Anse Hatfield (Kevin Costner) appears to be quite the war hero until he abandons the Confederate Army after believing the war already is lost. While Hatfield returns to his home and continues his successful lumber business, Randall McCoy (Bill Paxton) does the honorable thing and stays with the company to fight. McCoy’s heroism is rewarded by watching the rest of his men die and ending up in a military prison until the end of the Civil War.
To say McCoy remains bitter at Hatfield’s abandonment is an understatement. Shortly after the veterans return home the carnage starts. Hatfields and McCoys has a huge cast for a reason. There’s a whole lot of killing going on. Many of the family members we scarcely know before they’re killed in the ever-escalating feud. The killings start out petty and remain so over trivial insults (the first murder was because a McCoy told a Hatfield he had sexual relations with his dog).
The Ironclad Oath was a key factor in the removing of ex-Confederates from the political arena during the Reconstruction of the United States in the 1860s. To take the Ironclad Oath, a person had to swear he had never borne arms against the Union or supported the Confederacy — that is, he had “never voluntarily borne arms against the United States,” had “voluntarily” given “no aid, countenance, counsel or encouragement” to persons in rebellion and had exercised or attempted to exercise the functions of no office under the Confederacy. Its unpopularity among ex-Confederates led them to nickname the oath “The Damnesty Oath.”
Congress originally devised the oath in July 1862 for all federal employees, lawyers and federal elected officials. It was applied to Southern voters in the Wade-Davis Bill of 1864, which President Abraham Lincoln pocket vetoed. President Andrew Johnson also opposed it. Both Johnson and Lincoln wanted Southerners instead to swear to an oath that in the future they would support the Union. Lincoln’s amnesty oath was integral to his ten percent plan, for reconstruction.
In 1867 the United States Supreme Court held that the federal ironclad oath for attorneys and the similar Missouri state oath for teachers and other professionals were unconstitutional, because they violated the constitutional prohibitions against bills of attainder and ex post facto laws. Cummings v. Missouri, 4 Wall. 277 (1867); Ex parte Garland, 4 Wall. 333 (1867).
In March 1867 Radical Republicans prohibited anyone from voting in the election of delegates to state constitutional conventions or in the subsequent ratification who was prohibited from holding office under section 3 of the pending Fourteenth Amendment. Those exclusions were less inclusive than the requirements of the Iron-Clad Oath. These exclusions did apply to any subsequent elections within the state. Voting restrictions on former Confederates voting during the rest of Reconstruction varied state by state. Very few were disenfranchised in Georgia, Texas, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina. Alabama and Arkansas banned only those ineligible to hold office under the Fourteenth Amendment. Louisiana banned those editors and ministers who had supported secession or anybody who had voted for the secession ordinance, but allowed them to vote if they took an oath favoring Radical Reconstruction, a much more lenient avowal than required by the Ironclad Oath. In states where there was disenfranchisement the maximum percentage was 10-20% of otherwise eligible white voters with most states having considerably smaller percentages.
“I, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I have never voluntarily borne arms against the United States since I have been a citizen thereof; that I have voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or encouragement to persons engaged in armed hostility thereto; that I have neither sought nor accepted nor attempted to exercise the functions of any office whatever, under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the United States; that I have not yielded a voluntary support to any pretended government, authority, power or constitution within the United States, hostile or inimical thereto. And I do further swear (or affirm) that, to the best of my knowledge and ability, I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, so help me God.”
The Radical Republicans were a loose faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877. They called themselves “radicals” and were opposed during the war by moderates and conservative factions led by Abraham Lincoln and after the war by self-described “conservatives” (in the South) and “Liberals” (in the North). Radicals strongly opposed slavery during the war and after the war distrusted ex-Confederates, demanding harsh policies for the former rebels, and emphasizing civil rights and voting rights for Freedmen (recently freed slaves).
During the war, Radical Republicans often opposed Lincoln in terms of selection of generals (especially his choice of Democrat George B. McClellan for top command) and his efforts to bring states back into the Union. The Radicals passed their own Reconstruction plan through Congress in 1864, but Lincoln vetoed it and was putting his own policies in effect when he was assassinated in 1865. Radicals pushed for the uncompensated abolition of slavery, while Lincoln wanted to pay loyal owners. After the war, the Radicals demanded civil rights for freedmen, such as measures ensuring suffrage. They initiated the Reconstruction Acts, and limited political and voting rights for ex-Confederates. They bitterly fought President Andrew Johnson; they weakened his powers and almost removed him from office through impeachment. The Radicals were vigorously opposed by the Democratic Party and often by moderate and Liberal Republicans as well.[3
After the 1866 elections, the Radicals generally controlled Congress. Johnson vetoed 21 bills passed by Congress during his term, but the Radicals overrode 15 of them, including the Reconstruction Acts and Force Acts, which rewrote the election laws for the South and allowed blacks to vote, while prohibiting most leading whites from holding office, if they had supported the Confederacy. As a result of 1867-68 elections, the newly empowered freedmen, in coalition with carpetbaggers (Northerners who had recently moved south) and Scalawags (white Southerners who supported Reconstruction), set up Republican governments in 10 Southern states (all but Virginia). They were supported by the Radicals in Washington who sent in the Army to support the new state governments.
During Reconstruction, Radical Republicans increasingly took control, led by Sumner and Stevens. They demanded harsher measures in the South, and more protection for the Freedmen, and more guarantees that the Confederate nationalism was totally eliminated. Following Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, Andrew Johnson, a former War Democrat, became President.
The Radicals at first admired Johnson’s hard-line talk. When they discovered his ambivalence on key issues by his veto of Civil Rights Act of 1866, they overrode his veto. This was the first time that Congress had overridden a President on an important bill. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 made African Americans United States citizens and forbade discrimination against them. It was to be enforced in Federal courts. The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution of 1868, (with its Equal Protection Clause) was the work of a coalition formed of both moderate and Radical Republicans.
By 1866 the Radical Republicans supported federal civil rights for Freedmen, which Johnson opposed. By 1867 they defined terms for suffrage for freed slaves and limited early suffrage for many ex-Confederates. While Johnson opposed the Radical Republicans on some issues, the decisive Congressional elections of 1866 gave the radicals enough votes to enact their legislation over Johnson’s vetoes. Through elections in the South, ex-Confederate officeholders were gradually replaced with a coalition of Freedmen, southern whites (called Scalawags), and northerners who had resettled in the South (called Carpetbaggers). The Radical Republicans impeached Andrew Johnson in the House but failed by one vote in the Senate to remove him from office.
Grant’s last outrage in Louisiana
in Frank Leslie’s illustrated newspaper. With nation tired of Reconstruction, Grant remained the lone President protecting African American civil rights.
January 23, 1875
The Radical Republicans led the Reconstruction of the South. All Republican factions supported Ulysses S. Grant for president in 1868. Once in office, Grant forced Sumner out of the party. Grant used Federal power to try to break up the Ku Klux Klan organization. Insurgents, however, and community riots continued harassment and violence against African Americans and their allies into the early 20th century. By 1872 the Liberal Republicans thought that Reconstruction had succeeded and should end. Many moderates joined their cause as well as Radical Republican leader Charles Sumner. They lost as Grant was easily reelected.
In state after state in the south, the Redeemers movement seized control from the Republicans, until only three Republican states were left in 1876: South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana. Republican Presidential candidate Rutherford B. Hayes announced that he favored restoring “home rule” in these states, provided they promised to respect the rights of the freedmen. When Hayes became president in 1877 he ordered the removal of federal troops and Redeemers took over in these states as well.
Here is your Culture War – in a nutshell! The Blair family caused the Civil War, and then became Democrats when they opposed the Reconstruction. I believe this illustrious family of Patriots became alarmed when German secular socialists put blacks in high office down in Dixie. They were angry at the loss of their Fatherland, and wanted to hang Confederate officers unless they took the Iron Clad Oath. I believe they wanted to do away with the evangelical church, that like the Catholics, had enslaved humanity. However, these were Scott Ulstermen, Calvinists who fought in the War of Independence, and had royal ties to England. The Prestons descend from the House of Stuart. The Blairs pushed back Fremont’ssecret ambition in the West, and put the more more moderate Lincoln in the White House. Then, Lincoln was assasinated.
When Queen Elizabeth came to America to see the Kentucky Derby, Bush put her up at Blair House across from the White House. When the Obama family asked Bush if they could stay at Blair House, he refused, told a lie that the conservative, John Howard, the former Prime Minister of Australia, was going to stay there.
In December, President-elect Obama asked the White House if he and his family could move into Blair House — the White House’s guest house — a week early, so that his daughters Malia and Sasha could start school. The White House rebuffed them, saying the house was already booked for another guest. A White House source added that “Blair House was appalled” by the request.
After weeks of speculation, the mystery guest that trumps the President-elect and his family has finally been revealed. The White House offered the house to John Howard, the former Prime Minister of Australia who is set to receive a Medal of Freedom. Instead of arranging other accommodations for Howard’s one-night stay, the Bush administration told the Obama family to stay in a hotel for two weeks. (Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Colombian President Álvaro Uribe, who are also receiving the Medal of Freedom, opted to find other accommodations.)
Last night on MSNBC’s “Countdown,” Bloomberg journalist Margaret Carlson revealed that when the White House turned down Obama’s request in early December, it had not yet even invited Howard to stay at the Blair House:
I reported…on December 11 and 12 that there were no foreign dignitaries booked into Blair House during that period of time. … I have the feeling they asked him [Howard] to come and stay so that there might be some plausible reason for not letting the Obamas stay there.
While one of the wealthiest men in Texas (fortune derived from Humble Oil, co-founded by his grandfather), he is extremely secretive. Close personal friend of George H.W. Bush, and a heavy Republican donor. Gave Bush their pet dog Millie, and he is the one who managed the then-Vice President’s assets in a blind trust. Queen Elizabeth II has been a guest at Farish’s horse ranch (Lane’s End Farm near Lexington, Kentucky), and their horses breed with each other — Farish is a horse breeder at the highest level, including winners of the Belmont, Preakness, and Kentucky Derby; he also for a time was Chairman of the Board of Churchill Downs. From 2001 to 2004 he served as US Ambassador to Great Britain, including during September 11 and aftermath.
Ostensibly a dinner club, the Pilgrims Society consists of two chapters. The London chapter of the Pilgrims Society was established on July 11, 1902, followed by the New York chapter on January 13, 1903. Its purpose is to foster better Anglo-American relationships through cooperation of top banking and manufacturing institutions.
The London society is responsible for a hosting a dinner welcoming the new US Ambassador to the United Kingdom, and the New York chapter hosts a reciprocal event. Curiously, most of these ambassadors have already been members for some time.
“…the existence of this Wall Street Anglo-American axis is quite obvious once it is pointed out. It is reflected by the fact that such Wall Street luminaries such as John W. Davis, Lewis W. Douglas, John Hay Whitney […] were appointed to be American ambassadors in London.” — Harvard professor Carroll Quigley
Jefferson Finis Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American statesman and leader of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, serving as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history. Davis was born in Kentucky to Samuel and Jane (Cook) Davis. After attending Transylvania University, Davis graduated from West Point and fought in the Mexican–American War as a colonel of a volunteer regiment. He served as the United States Secretary of War under Democratic President Franklin Pierce. Both before and after his time in the Pierce administration, he served as a Democratic U.S. Senator representing the State of Mississippi. As a senator, he argued against secession, but did agree that each state was sovereign and had an unquestionable right to secede from the Union.
Farish had been a principal in a partnership between a Standard Oil/General Motors owned company, Ethyl Gasoline Corporation, and the German company I.G. Farben. This jointly owned venture, Ethyl GmbH, was involved with the creation of the Auschwitz labor camp on June 14, 1940, to produce artificial rubber from coal and they also built then operated tetraethyllead plants in Germany.
On March 25, 1942, U.S. Assistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold announced that Farish, along with other officers of Standard Oil and related companies, pled “no contest” in the criminal courts of Newark, New Jersey to criminally conspiring with the Nazi government in Germany. As part of a plea bargain, the charges were dropped in exchange for Standard Oil releasing its German patents and payment of fines totaling about $50,000.
William Stamps Farish was fined $1,000 while similar fines were levied against Standard Oil — $5,000 each for the parent company and for several subsidiaries. This did not interfere with the millions of dollars that Farish had profited as a large stockholder, chairman and president of Standard Oil. He was described by Senator Harry Truman in public as approaching ‘treason’ for profiting from the Nazi war machine and withholding patents from the US government.
 Personal life
He married Libbie Randon Rice in Houston on June 1, 1911. Libbie was a cousin of the first wife of Jefferson Davis, Sarah Knox Taylor daughter of President Zachary Taylor. Libbie was a granddaughter of Walter Browne Botts, a founder of the international law firm of Baker-Botts. They had a son together, William Stamps Farish, Jr., and a daughter, Martha Farish Gerry. William Stamps Farish, Jr.,
. Farish became chairman of Jersey Standard prior to World War II.
According to the history of Dresser Industries , “Initiative in Energy” written by Darwin Payne, “A lawyer and inventor named Howard R. Hughes, father of an even more famous son who by now had expanded the family enterprises into the motion picture and aircraft industries, had invented this unique bit, with three revolving cutting elements, before World War I. ”
“It was one of the most important contributions of the century to the art of drilling. The company he formed, Hughes Tool Company, now controlled some 80 percent of the bit business. Dresser inquired into the possibility of acquiring the company, sought persistently but in vain to win an audience with the younger Hughes, and finally realized that the firm was not available under any circumstances. Neither was the second most important company in the field, Reed Roller Bit, although a deal had seemed imminent until its principal owner balked at the last moment.
Several Rice men, particularly in the area of East TN who may be connected to our Rice’s had the given name “Preston”. In the area of Botetourt, Montgomery, and Washington Counties of Virginia was a General John Preston, possibly Revolutionary War or War of 1812…It may well be that General Preston’s family was connected to the RICE family, or else Rice men served under General Preston…
Elizabeth Benton Mcdowell Fremont (1848 – d.)
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1. John PRESTON was born in 1687 in Newton, Timivady, Donegal, Ireland. He married Elizabeth Patton, daughter of Henry Patton and Sarah Lynn, in 1716 in Ireland. He died in 1747 in Tinkling Springs in Augusta Co., VA and is buried in the Tinkling Spring Church cemetery.
John immigrated on August 26, 1738 arriving in Virginia from Whitehaven on the ship Walpole commanded by John Preston’s brother-in-law, Col. James Patton. Despite an eventual estrangement between the families, Patton and Preston worked together in land speculation. Col. Patton’s 1747 survey of 7500 acres at Draper was subdivided for settlers by William Preston in 1754. This land eventually became the Radford and Christiansburg area.
Elizabeth PATTON was born on December 25, 1700 in Burncrannack, Ireland. She died on December 25, 1776 in Greenfield, Botetourt Co., VA, at age 76. Elizabeth Patton was a sister of Col. b FIRST HART FAMILIES TO AMERICA
By Roger A. Hart
While searching for the ancestry of my third great-grandfather, Reuben Hart, I discovered many Harts who made the perilous journey to America. None walked; by that I mean that none of our Hart ancestors came from Mexico, South America, Canada, or Alaska. They left from England, Ireland, Scotland and Germany, seeking a new life for themselves and their families. There were many reasons to cross that dangerous Atlantic, but two seem to top the charts.
The most obvious was to escape the religious persecution that was in full force in England and on the Continent. Forced membership in the Church of England did not work for the Quakers who had a different style of worship, and they chose to leave rather than comply.
Secondly, the promise of vast new lands in America was irresistible to many who would not inherit the family farm and who had little chance of ever buying their own small piece of England or Ireland.
During the 1600s and 1700s ships were crossing the Atlantic packed with these pilgrims looking for a better life than the one they left. Reaching into the unknown without money or promise must have been very intimidating, yet the situation they were leaving must have been even more intolerable, or they would not have left in such numbers. I have catalogued below the first few of these Hart families who reached our shores. There are probably many that I did not find, but these seem to be the main families who brought our Hart genes to America.
These arriving Hart families were not related in the sense that they were brothers or cousins. They probably sprung from the same stock within the one hundred or so years preceding their immigration, but as far as they were concerned, they were totally unrelated. I will try to cover the most important of these families.
The first to arrive in Surry County, Virginia, Henry Hart was born in England about 1595, and was probably the first of the many Immigrant Harts to arrive in America.
Not much has been found about him until he patented land in Surry in 16353, although there was a Henry Hart who appeared in the General Court minutes of Virginia in 1627. Historian John Bennett Boddie wrote that the average land patent for transportation of persons was usually granted several years after the persons came to Virginia. Therefore, we believe that the two Henry’s were the same person, and that he arrived in America several years before the date of his first land patent on August 31, 1635.
Henry had two wives; the first was Rebecca, whom he supposedly married on the same day that he patented 350 acres “on the south side of the maine river, over against Jamestown Island”. (Since there are several rivers which converge around the present site of Norfolk and none of them are named the Maine, I believe this was the James River which was considered the “main” river of the group. It also flows right by Jamestown). The date was August 31, 1635. Rebecca must have died early, because he patented 250 acres in James City, on the Surry side, “for the transportation of wife Elizabeth and 4 other persons”. His marriage to Elizabeth is shown as July 14, 1637.
I show Henry with one son, Thomas, from first wife Rebecca. I show no children of the second marriage. Henry died before July 3, 1648, because on that date “Thomas Hart, son of Henry Hart, deceased, was granted 100 acres at Smith’s Fort”.
The first of the Hart name to arrive in New England appears to have been Edmund. He was in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1630. He later moved to Weymouth, Massachusetts, had six daughters and one son, Elisha. His wife was a Phelps. He apparently moved to Westfield, Massachusetts where he was killed by lightning. There was also an Ephraim Hart who was in Weymouth about the same time, and it is believed by some that they were brothers.
Probably the most famous of the Hart immigrants is Deacon Stephen Hart.1 He was born in Braintree, England around 1605, into a family of Puritans. There are several conflicting reports of events, but I believe this to be as accurate as any.
Stephen grew up in England under the rule of James I and Charles I. These Kings were trying to impose the Church of England upon their citizens, by force if necessary. The Puritans were under severe pressure to change and accept the teachings of this church.
The Reverend Thomas Hooker had enrolled in the University at Cambridge about 1604, and by about 1614 had graduated and become assistant curate at the Puritan church in Chelmsford, which was the church of Stephen Hart. Reverend Hooker was a pious man and taught and lived the Puritan principles. In 1630, the Archbishop of the Church of England ordered his arrest, so Reverent Hooker fled to Holland with a small band of parishioners. Stephen Hart did not join that group, but the incident so unnerved the congregation that they decided to immigrate to New England in order to enjoy religious freedom.
This group of dissidents received a charter from the crown and arrived in and settled the town of Braintree, Massachusetts in about 1632, only twelve years after the Mayflower had disembarked it’s passengers on Plymouth Rock. They soon moved to Newton, then on to Cambridge, Massachusetts and wrote to Reverend Hooker, inviting him to join them as the pastor of their new church. Reverend Hooker was in Cambridge before the end of 1632, and a very close, lifelong personal bond grew between him and Stephen. During the time they were in Cambridge, Stephen was admitted as a freeman on May 14, 1634, and became Deacon Stephen Hart at the invitation of Reverend Hooker. Although things were much better in America, there was still a great deal of religious bigotry in Massachusetts, so leaders of the “Movement to banish aristocracy in America”, decided to move to the Connecticut valley to establish a new democratic state. Before the move, Reverend Hooker preached a very moving sermon to his people, which outlined the principles of democracy. These became the founding principles of the constitution of Connecticut, and are also the basic principles underlying our own constitution.
First: The foundation of authority is laid in the consent of the
Second: The choice of the magistrates belongs to the people.
Third: Those who have the power to appoint officers, have also the
right to set bounds to their authority.
These hardy pioneers loaded their household goods on wagons, drove their livestock behind, and, with wives and children in tow, made the two-week long pilgrimage to the Connecticut River. Here they set up camp until a way to cross the mighty river was found. Tradition has it that Deacon Stephen explored up and down the river until a shallow, narrow crossing was found. It was also in a fertile valley, so they decided to build their town there, and called the crossing “Hart’s Ford”. It has changed over time to Hartford, Connecticut. Stephen Hart researchers now declare that this was not the way Hartford got its name, but rather from the town of Hertford in England where Thomas Stone, Reverend Hooker’s assistant, had previously lived.
Subsequently, this small, fiercely democratic colony discovered the Farmington river valley, then inhabited by the Tuxnis Indians. This was a very fertile area, probably waving then with Indian corn, and was much coveted by these farmers. They made agreements to co-exist with the Indians, and soon large farms were producing many food crops for household use, as well as for bartering and sale. Hart’s farm was one of the first purchased, and is still known to this day as Hart’s Farm, near the present town of Avon, Connecticut.
Deacon Stephen was very active in the government of Connecticut, as an elected representative. He held this office from about 1647 until 1655, then again in 1660. He combined this with his occupation as farmer throughout his life, and died in 1682 at the age of seventy-seven years. He had six children, three daughters and three sons with his first wife, whose name has not survived. When she died, he married Margaret Smith, widow of Arthur Smith. She survived him and died in 1693.
Descendents of Deacon Stephen Hart living in America today number in the hundreds of thousands if not over a million, so I believe that his descendents have been more prolific than that of any of the other Hart immigrants of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Many believe that he is the ancestor of John Hart, signer of the Declaration of Independence, but that is not true. John Hart, the signer is from another Hart family who a completely different route before settling in New Jersey.
Probably the next to visit these shores was Isaac Hart, born in Scratby, Norfolkshire, England. His birth is recorded as about 1614. He left from Yarmouth, England as a servant for a Richard Carvey of Scratby, on the ship “Rose” under the master, Captain Anderson. Their arrival in New England came only sixteen years after the Mayflower arrived in 1620, so they reached America sometime late in 1636. How long he remained as a servant is not known, but by 1642 he bought an acre of land in Watertown, Massachusetts and built a cottage there. In 1650, he married Elizabeth Hutchins at Habstown, Massachusetts, daughter of Anne Hutchins. Isaac sold his acre and purchased a 170 acre farm from Thomas Hutchinson in Reading, Massachusetts. Isaac became a soldier in “King Phillip’s War” and served during 1675-1676 before returning home.
Elizabeth was accused of witchcraft and sent to prison in Boston on May 18, 1692, and remained there for several months. She was finally tried along with the many others who were caught up in the hysteria of the incident. Several were put to death, while others died in prison, awaiting execution, but Elizabeth’s name does not appear on either list. No information has been found as to her ultimate fate.
While some of the descendants of Isaac and Elizabeth Hart stayed in Massachusetts, many of them moved up into Canada along the St. John’s River in New Brunswick and in Nova Scotia. There were a lot of them who became ministers in the Baptist faith.
John Hart, great-grandfather of John Hart, the Signer,2 was born in England around 1595 or 1600. He migrated to New England in 1635, then moved on to Connecticut where his five children were born to his wife Mary. (Other researchers believe that his family was complete before he left England). He moved across Long Island Sound to Newton, Long Island, New York and was a carpenter. He died there in 1671. His son, John Hart, moved to Hopewell, New Jersey with his five sons. In New Jersey, John’s son, Edward Hart, was a farmer, as well as a justice of the peace, public assessor, and held many offices in the community of Hopewell, then called Baptist Meeting House because of the church there. Edward’s son John was born in Hopewell in 1713 and grew to manhood there, getting as much schooling as was the norm at that time. Young John married Deborah Scudder in 1739 and they had a total of twelve children before 1765. John was active in the politics of his area and was elected to several positions which elevated his status to that of “gentleman”, and he was called John Hart, Esquire.
In 1761 he was elected to the New Jersey Provisional Assembly, and in May of 1776 was re-elected to another term on the Continental Congress and became one of five delegates with authority to vote for Independence. On July 4, 1776, he signed the Declaration of Independence. His wife, Deborah died soon after and his children were scattered by the ravages of the war. John died in debt, a man broken by society, on May 11, 1779 at his home in Hopewell. He was a patriot of his new country until his death, and had been forced to choose between the needs of his family and the needs of his new country. He chose the latter.
The next few immigrants are hard to catalog. There seems to have been several arriving within a few years, with little or no apparent connection.
John Hart first came to Massachusetts in 1632, but soon returned to England. He immigrated again on the “James” in July of 1635, bringing with him his wife Mary, and their daughter Judith. He was a shoemaker and lived in Salem, Massachusetts, then moved on to Marblehead. His second wife was Florence Norman (?) who survived him.
Next to arrive was Isaac Hart in 1637. He came from Yarmouth, England to Watertown, then later to Lynn, and on to Reading, all in Massachusetts. His three children were identified, but not his wife.
Then Samuel Hartt arrived in 1640 in Lynn, Massachusetts. Although the spelling of the name is different, he is believed to be of the Devonshire branch of the family. Samuel had ten children between his two wives, Mary Howe and Mary Whiteridge.
Next to arrive was Thomas Hart and wife Alice who came to Ipswich, Mass. They were in Ipswich prior to 1641 and had at least four children. Some believe that this is the same Thomas who was at New Haven, Connecticut in 1645, and later at Newport, R.I. That Thomas married Freeborn Williams and had three children. Others believe that they are two separate Thomas’s living in the colonies at the same time.
Lawrence Hart was at Newbury before 1679, because in that year he married Dorothy Jones. All we know of them is that they had seven children.
This diverse group of pioneers seems to have little in common, yet they settled within a few miles of each other during the span of a few years. There must be a common bond of some sort to this group, but so far it has eluded us.
Following that is a group of un-connected Harts into the colony at Virginia. These are mentioned in various sources, and I will list them with the only known information.
* Captain Hart & Josiah Hart, Virginia census in 1624, living in
* John Hart, 33 years old, transported to Virginia on the “Phillip”, 20 June 1635.
* Thomas Hart, 18 years old, transported to Virginia on the “Constance” 24 Oct 1635.
* Samuel Hart, 1652 Virginia. Tobacco seized on the vessel “Golden
Lion”, on the Charles River.
* Robert Hart, 5 July 1665, Quaker condemned to be transported to “the Plantations”.
* Richard Hart, apprenticed in Bristol, England for five years in Virginia to William Coleburne, 12 Nov 1666.
* Edward & Thomas Hart, apprenticed in Bristol, England for five years in Virginia to Elizabeth Day, 10 Sept 1669.
* William Hart, apprenticed in Bristol, England for seven years in
Virginia to Thomas Peasley, 11 November 1667.
Jane Windsor is apprenticed to Nicholas Hart in Virginia, 4 October 1672.
John Hart was born in Witney, Oxfordshire, England, on Nov 16, 1651. His parents were Christopher and Mary (Bleckley) Hart, and he had an older brother Robert, a sister Mary, and a younger brother Joseph. These were Quakers, members of the Society of Friends, and were also suffering religious intolerance at the hands of the Church of England. John was engaged to Susanna Rush, a member of his congregation, and their wedding date had been set. This was quite a procedure in the Quakers, so making or breaking an engagement was very serious and could be the cause for excommunication from the church.
Before the time of the wedding, in 1681, William Penn published his startling approach to government; shared ownership of the colony of Pennsylvania. John was hooked and met with Penn to purchase 1000 acres of land in Byberry, in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. John had to postpone his wedding to Susannah, and prepared to sail for Pennsylvania. He knew that his elder brother would inherit the family property in England, so there was no reason for him to stay. His sister Mary, and brother Joseph, decided to accompany him, so they left England behind and arrived in Pennsylvania sometime late in 1682. John had managed to prepare and settle on five-hundred acres of the land by the time Susanna and her family arrived the next year, and they were married Sept 16, 1683.
Shortly after John’s marriage, Joseph married Ann Fowler Dec 25, 1683, and the newlyweds moved to Jamaica where Joseph went into business. I don’t know when Ann died, but Joseph died unmarried in Jamaica.
John and his family were dedicated “Friends”, and were active in the faith, but in 1691 a man named Keith drove a schism in the orderly business of the group, and most of them spun off and became Baptists. John and his sons became ministers in the Baptist faith and helped to establish that religion firmly in the colony of Pennsylvania. There were many distinguished ministers and public officials descended from this branch of the family.
Another of the Harts to settle in Virginia and be traced was Thomas Hart from London. He arrived in Hanover County in 1690. He was born about 1662, and his wife was named Mary. Not much else was known about them. His son, Thomas Junior, married Susanna Rice, and had six children. Theirs is a large family in America today, and considerable genealogical information is available on them. Among the children of Thomas Junior was Benjamin Hart. He married a woman named Nancy Morgan who was a heroine of the revolutionary war. Hart County in Georgia is named for her, as is a highway, a city and a state park.
Many of you have heard of the man who had to take his wife with him everywhere he went because she was too ugly to kiss goodbye. Nancy Morgan was the poster child for that story. She was about six feet tall and muscular, with smallpox scars on her face, flaming red hair and freckles, with eyes that crossed frequently. She also had a very salty vocabulary that she used like a whip. She called her skinny husband a “sorry old stick”, and she towered over him by several inches. Even the nearby Indians called her “The War Woman” out of respect and fear.
There are numerous versions of the stories told about her fearlessness in dealing with the enemy, and her role during the revolutionary war has become legendary. In a well-known incident, she detained five Tory soldiers at her log cabin, under the guise of cooking them a meal. When she had won the soldiers’ confidence with food and liquor, she began to disarm them, passing their muskets stealthily to her daughter, Sukey. A soldier caught her stealing his musket so Nancy shot him, and then held the others captive until her husband’s band of militia could arrive. Nancy urged the militia to hang the captives, claiming that these soldiers were responsible for the ambush and murder of John Dooly, a celebrated patriot and neighbor. According to the legend, Nancy sang “Yankee Doodle” as she marched the soldiers out to be hanged. Recent digs around her cabin reportedly uncovered five skeletons.
Nancy also spied on enemy troops. In one case, she fashioned a raft by tying logs together with a grapevine. Then she rafted across a river to reach a Tory camp and bring back news about troop numbers and weapons. In another tale, she pretended she was deranged so she could roam through the enemy ranks, picking up information. In this instance she dressed and acted like a half-witted man, engaging the soldiers in conversation and acting crazy. They would carry on their own conversations around her, frequently divulging information she could take back to the militia.
Three other sons of Thomas Junior and Susannah (Rice) Hart distinguished themselves in another way. Nathaniel, Thomas and David Hart are the ones mentioned earlier that formed the Transylvania Company4 with Daniel Boone and others, and bought large tracts of land from the Indians.
The last of the early Hart settlers arrived in Pennsylvania about 1735, from the city of Belfast, in County Antrim, Ireland. Samuel Hart brought his wife Mary and nine children, and settled on the Plumstead side of the Tohikon River. Just what date and on what ship they originally entered America has not been established, but the land warrant for their 100 acres of land is dated March 9, 1737. Generally, immigrants lived on leased land for a few years before making a purchase, so we believe they were here at least two years prior to that date. This group of immigrants settled on the opposite bank of the river, and, “just down the street”, from the John Hart family from England, but was no relation at all. The Samuel Harts were Scotch-Irish from Belfast, Ireland, and were Presbyterians. The John Harts were Quakers, turned Baptist’s from Oxfordshire, England, yet they lived within a few miles of each other. Their families did not intermarry, mainly due to religious and cultural differences, but the Samuel Hart descendants did marry each other, providing many double cousin relationships.
This is the list of the known early Hart immigrants to this country. After this date, the floodgates of immigration were thrown open, and many thousands of people arrived each year from England and Ireland. I do believe that the majority of Hart families in America can trace their roots to one of the families listed above.
I recently took the DNA test to prove my own relationship to one of these immigrants. That test proved that my own ancestor, Reuben Hart, b ca1780 in North Carolina, is not related to any of the above families. The only proven relationship for Reuben is with Samuel Hart of Chatham County, North Carolina, who received two substantial land grants in Washington County, Georgia and moved there before 1800. Reuben also appeared in the same small community of Tennille in Washington County around 1800, so we are reasonably sure of the connection but have not proven what the relationship actually was.
These new Americans were fiercely independent explorers, willing to take a chance on the unknown and unproven. They took this chance in order to give their families the religious and personal freedoms we take for granted, and made our comfortable existence possible. We owe them our very lives.
Ancestry of Thomas Hart (1730-1808)
William A. LaBach
311 Duke Road
Lexington, KY 40502
Send email to preparer: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ultimate Family Tree, ver 2.9
LABACH Project Version 1108
September 20, 2000
Table of Contents
Claiborne, Hart, Rice
1. Thomas1 Hart (Thomas2, Thomas3), son of Thomas Hart and Susanna Rice, was born in Hanover County, VA December 11, 1730. Thomas died June 23, 1808 in Lexington, KY, at 77 years of age. His body was interred in Old Episcopal Cemetery, Lexington, KY.
He married Susanna Gray in North Carolina. Susanna was born 1749. Susanna was the daughter of John Gray. Susanna died 1832 in Lexington, KY, at 83 years of age. Her body was interred in Old Episcopal Cemetery, Lexington, KY. At 19 years of age Susanna became the mother of Eliza Hart September 9, 1768. At 23 years of age Susanna became the mother of Thomas Hart 1772. At 31 years of age Susanna became the mother of Lucretia Hart March 18, 1781. Susanna became the mother of Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart in Hagerstown, MD, ca 1784.
At 37 years of age Thomas became the father of Eliza Hart September 9, 1768. At 41 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart 1772. At 50 years of age Thomas became the father of Lucretia Hart March 18, 1781. Thomas became the father of Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart in Hagerstown, MD, ca 1784. Thomas Hart was engaged in business and had an entrprenurial bent. He was a member of the Transylvania Company and was one of the purchasers of some 20 million acres of Kentucky and Tennessee from the Cherokee Indians in 1775.
William Gooch’s earliest records show him with land in St. Martin’s Parish, Louisa/Hanover County, Virginia, by 1735 [ibid]. William served in the American Revolutionary War between 1777 and 1779 for the State of North Carolina [ibid]. William bought land in Granville County, NC in 1764 and sold this land by 1778, when he settles on the South Fork of Country Line Creek in Caswell County, NC. William acquired over 1500 acres in Caswell. William Sr. married twice, first about 1743-44 to Keziah Ann Hart. Keziah Ann Hart is the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Rice)Hart. From Rev. William B. Sneeds’ family history we can establish that Keziah died in 1757. William Gooch married about 1762 his second wife, Frances Rice (died 1816), the daughter of John and Lettisha Rice. William wrote his will on the 05th of November 1801 and it was proved in January Court of 1803 in Caswell County. His executors were three of his sons: William, David, and John. Alexander Murphey and Henry Williams witnessed the will.
Ann “Nancy” Gooch
born circa 1755; died 03 Jan 1838
born Hanover, VA; died St. Louis, MO
married: Jesse Benton (c1750-1791)
date of marriage unknown
children: Margaret, Mary, Thomas Hart, Jesse, Samuel, Nathaniel, Ann “Nancy”, Susannah
Virginia Gooch Watson of Franklin, Tennessee did much of the early research into this family and Nancy Crawford of Kansas City, MO is another early researcher of this family. Early family history survives in the way of transcripts of Rev. Buckner Sneed, William’s great grandson who was a Methodist preacher in Milledgeville, Georgia; though his account of the family is perhaps not terribly accurate, it is an early account of the family.
William had at least 12 children by two wives. His first wife Keziah Ann Hart is the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Rice) Hart of Hanover County. HIs second wife was Frances the daughter of John Rice. HIs children are:
Mary 30 May 1745 – 14 Dec 1842; died in Pike Co. MS wife of John Sneed
William died 09 Jan 1832 in Caswell Co., NC married Sarah Kerr
Elizabeth married William Kimborough and died in Rutherford Co., TN
Nancy died 03 Jan 1838 in St. Louis, MO married Jesse Benton and among their children were Sen. Thomas Hart Benton
James died after 1726 probably in Warren Co., KY married Elizabeth Kelley
David 11 Apr 1763-21Sep1831 died in Rutherford Co., TN his farm and graveyard still stand. He married Jenny Williams
Nathaniel 10 Oct 1768-30 Oct 1841 died smyrna, Rutherford Co, TN married Martha Tate.
Sarah died about 1830 in Rockingham Co, NC. Married William Higginson Rice.
John Claiborne died 1804 in Caswell Co., NC not married.
Thomas 22 Dec 1773-03 Oct 1817 died Nolensville, Williamson Co., TN married Elizabeth Anthony
Polly 30 Jun 1778-14 Jul 1852 buried Christmas Cemetery, Williamson Co, NC married Henry Williams
Cisley died 13 May 1803 in Caswell Co., NC married James Burke.
The Williams and Benton families were key family in the settling of KY and TN, which is why many of these people went to those areas. William Gooch settled in Caswell with a kinsman Billy Gosling Gooch who later settled in Kershaw District of South Carolina; little is known of Billy Gosling Gooch’s family or the specific kinship he had to William or the other Gooch lines.
Wills, deeds, tombstones and transcripts of Bibles have been used to identify the above, but I have not seen many of the original records myself and have relied on secondary sources in some cases so you MUST do your own work to document the above.
Anne Francis Farish, Independent Executrix of the Estate of her deceased husband, Stephen P. Farish, Jr., has brought this action to recover federal estate taxes and interest alleged to have been erroneously assessed and collected from the estate. Jurisdiction exists under 28 U.S.C.A. ? 1346(a)(1).
This controversy had its source in a dispute between the taxpayer and the Internal Revenue Service over the proper construction to be placed on certain language in each of two trust indentures providing for gifts over. Separate trusts were created by each of such instruments, but they involved the same beneficiaries and were generally similar in nature. The material provisions of the two trust agreements involved in this litigation are identical in wording.