“This James (or Jacob, for these names were once interchangeable) was the son of Hans Ulrich Rosemond, born 1623, a weaver; who was a son of Hans, a weaver, born 1581; who was a son of Fred Rosemond, born 1552, a weaver, member of town council and a local captain; who was the son of another Hans whose date of birth is not known, but he too, was a weaver and became a citizen of Basle in 1534. His father was Erhart de Rougemont who bought in 1495 ¡°the house called Rebleuten-Zunft in Basle in the Freistrasse”
The nature of the contract has been well understood come Christmas time.
“Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas is a factor that has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world.”
Several generations of Christmas celebrators – all over the world – have purchased images of Saint Nick, along with other Christmas icons, put these stamps to their tongue, and fixed their DNA to a letter. This is key, for after twelve years of arduous work, I have found the Female Grail Bloodline, a lineage of women who begat all the Royalty of Europe. I have found the missing link to Jeanne de Rougemont, the Queen Mother of all Habsburgs. This discovery, along with the one I made about the Rougemont Knights Templar, makes my study the paramount study of the Templars and the Holy Grail. Add to this the fact that William of Aquitaine founded the Cluniac Order of Monks in Rougemont, then I own religious and historic permission to claim all closed Post Offices, and all Post Offices that are up for sale, the property of Saint Nick, and the New Cluny Order of Rougemont that I found this very day.
It is my intention to employ Post Offices as both Secular and religious monasteries that will invite the Poor of America to seek sanctuary within. My kindred, Gottschalkd Rosemondt, founded the Pope’s College in Holland, with the legacy his good friend, Pope Adrien, willed to poor young men believing only the poor can achieve Sainthood. It is my visits to Occupy Eugene, that cause me to make the same conclusion. I have had nothing but spiritual conversations there, with bright, hopeful people, who are homeless, or on the brink.
For the reason the Eugene Post Office acted in bad faith by being put up for sale, the contract they made with Saint Nick is null and void, and thus this property now belongs to the New Cluny Monsk of Rougemont who intend to carry on the sacred traditions we have come to honor and love.
Saint Nicholas will be the Patron Saint of the New Cluny Monks, who will engage themselves in growoing community gardens, and the manufacture of goods and the making ov inventions in order to sustain themselves.
The New Cluny Monestaries will establish several Charity Programs that over the years have becomedependant on Saint Nickand the celebration of Christmas that the Government Postal Service took part in, and was a partner of. I hereby declare I am the founder of a church, and thus am qualified to recieve Federal Funds via the Faith-based Initiative.
Jon the Nazarite
Contract law is based on the principle expressed in the Latin phrase pacta sunt servanda, which is usually translated “agreements to be kept” but more literally means “pacts must be kept”.
Contract law can be classified, as is habitual in civil law systems, as part of a general law of obligations, along with tort, unjust enrichment, and restitution.
As a means of economic ordering, contract relies on the notion of consensual exchange and has been extensively discussed in broader economic, sociological, and anthropological terms (see “Contractual theory” below). In American English, the term extends beyond the legal meaning to encompass a broader category of agreements.
This article mainly concerns the common law. Such jurisdictions usually retain a high degree of freedom of contract, with parties largely at liberty to set their own terms. This is in contrast to the civil law, which typically applies certain overarching principles to disputes arising out of contract, as in the French Civil Code.
However, contract is a form of economic ordering common throughout the world, and different rules apply in jurisdictions applying civil law (derived from Roman law principles), Islamic law, socialist legal systems, and customary or local law.
A contract is an agreement entered into by two or more parties with the serious intention of creating a legal obligation or obligations, which may or may not have elements in writing. Contracts can also be formed orally (parol contracts). The remedy at law for breach of contract is usually “damages” or monetary compensation. In equity, the remedy can be specific performance of the contract or an injunction. Both remedies award the damaged party the “benefit of the bargain” or expectation damages, which are greater than mere reliance damages, as in promissory estoppel.
In 910, William founded the Benedictineabbey of Cluny that would become an important political and religious centre. William required no control over the abbey, which he arranged should be responsible directly to the pope (see Clunian reforms). This was especially striking since most monasteries were owned privately and the appointment of abbots and officials was left to that family or individual. This led to the appointment of untrained, unordained abbots and officials. William also nominated Cluny’s first abbot, Berno of Baume.
A sign of William’s independence of rule in Aquitaine is that he had a deniers minted in his own name at Brioude.He was buried in the monastery of Saint-Julien there. He had no sons of his own and was succeeded by a nephew, William the Younger, son of his sister Adelinda.
in 910. He nominated Bernoas the first Abbot of Cluny, subject only to Pope Sergius III. The Abbey was notable for its stricter adherence to the Rule of St. Benedictand the place where the Benedictine Orderwas formed, whereby Cluny became acknowledged as the leader of western monasticism. The establishment of the Benedictine order was a keystone to the stability of European society that was achieved in the 11th century.
The territory of the municipality of Rougemont is located in a forested region of the high Alps. The village stretches along the banks of the Sarine. The site was first settled by a religious order coming from Cluny in France, which received the land in 1080 from the Count of Gruyère. In 1569 the Château de Rougemont became the residence of the bailiffs of Bern who succeeded the Count of Gruyère. In 1798 till today the region is part of the canton of Vaud.
Rougemont is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud with a population of 903. About 73.1 percent of the population are French speaking, 16.7 percent German speaking and 3.8 percent English speaking. The houses are typical chalets. Some of these homes are over 300 years old. Next to the local church stands the Chateau of Rougemont which was built in 1572.
ougemont is a well preserved traditional village with gentle valley landscapes and breathtaking views on the surrounding mountains. For a thousand years people have been farming the land and practicing traditional mountain crafts, while living in wooden chalets, adorned with flowers, decorated with mottoes, dated and signed like works of art. The Rougemont church is a jewel of Romanesque architecture, which was built in the 11th century by monks of the Cluniac order. The church and the adjoining castle, both of which stand on the foundations of the earlier monastery are protected monuments.
Article I, Section 8, Clause 7 of the United States Constitution, known as the Postal Clause or the Postal Power, empowers Congress “To establish Post Offices and post Roads”.
3 See also
5 External links
The Postal Clause was added to the Constitution primarily to facilitate interstate communication, as well to create a source of revenue for the early United States. There were some early disagreements as to the boundaries of the Postal Power. John Jay, in a letter to George Washington, opined that the postal service should not be burdened with the responsibility for handling newspaper delivery, and also suggested that the Post Office be placed under the supervision of the executive branch (a suggestion which later led to the creation of the Post Office Department). Thomas Jefferson feared that the postal service would become a source of patronage and a waste of money. (This fear turned out to be somewhat prophetic, as the office of the Postmaster General came to take charge of patronage.) Jefferson also expressed doubt at granting Congress the power to designate post roads, as he considered road building to be a state responsibility.
The Clause has been construed to give Congress the enumerated power to designate mail routes and construct or designate post offices, with the implied authority to carry, deliver, and regulate the mails of the United States as a whole. An early controversy was whether Congress had the power to actually build post roads and post offices, or merely designate which lands and roads were to be used for this purpose, and to what extent that power could be delegated to the Postmaster General. The U.S. Supreme Court construed the power narrowly during the early part of the 19th century, holding that the power consisted mostly of designation of roads and sites, but gradually gave way later on, allowing appropriation of land for postal purposes.
The Postal Power also includes the power to designate certain materials as nonmailable, and to pass statutes criminalizing abuses of the postal system (such as mail fraud and armed robbery of post offices). This power has been used by Congress and the Postmaster General to exclude obscene materials from the mails, beginning with an act in 1872 to ban lottery circulars from the mails, as well as the Comstock laws in 1873. These attempts at limiting the content of the mails were upheld by the Supreme Court, but in the 20th century, the Court took a more assertive approach in striking down postal laws which limited free expression, particularly as it related to political materials. The First Amendment thus provided a check on the Postal Power.
Old Chicago post office redevelopment plan unveiled
July 21, 2011|By Alejandra Cancino and Blair Kamin | Tribune reporters
The owner of the Chicago’s old post office building on Thursday unveiled a grandiose plan for redeveloping the long-vacant property and the area around it, including a 2,000-foot skyscraper that would dethrone the Willis Tower as the city’s and North America’s tallest building.
The owner, British developer Bill Davies, promises to transform the area into an “urban mecca” of five residential, office and hotel towers that would draw visitors from around the Midwest. Yet the three-phase project, which Davies wants to complete in 10 years, faces economic hurdles due to the weak economy and still struggling retail sector.
For a number of people, the holiday season represents more than presents, Christmas carols and family reunions. There is also an element of social responsibility, often expressed through Christmas charity programs. Whether it is time spent in a homeless shelter’s soup kitchen or contributions to a toy drive, many people feel a sense of personal satisfaction knowing they can help others during the holidays. There are a number of Christmas charity programs which welcome donations of time, money, or material goods.
Perhaps the most familiar Christmas charity program in the United States is provided by the Salvation Army, a Protestant denomination organized during the mid-19th century. Volunteers can agree to spend a few hours ringing bells and monitoring a donation kettle outside local stores. The Salvation Army also operates an “Angel Tree” Christmas charity, which allows participants to select cards listing the specific needs of local children and families. An Angel Tree sponsor purchases and wraps the gifts, then returns them to a Salvation Army worker who coordinates delivery to the needy child.
The United States Marine Corps also runs a Christmas charity program called “Toys for Tots.” Participants in the Toys for Tots campaign are asked to purchase new toys and donate them to local centers operated by Marine reservists. The toys are eventually distributed to needy children through other established charities and local social welfare offices.
In late medieval England, on Saint Nicholas’ Day parishes held Yuletide “boy bishop” celebrations. As part of this celebration, youths performed the functions of priests and bishops, and exercised rule over their elders. Today, Saint Nicholas is still celebrated as a great gift-giver in several Western European countries. According to one source, medieval nuns used the night of 6 December to anonymously deposit baskets of food and clothes at the doorsteps of the needy. According to another source, on 6 December every sailor or ex-sailor of the Low Countries (which at that time was virtually all of the male population) would descend to the harbour towns to participate in a church celebration for their patron saint. On the way back they would stop at one of the various Nicholas fairs to buy some hard-to-come-by goods, gifts for their loved ones and invariably some little presents for their children. While the real gifts would only be presented at Christmas, the little presents for the children were given right away, courtesy of Saint Nicholas. This and his miracle of him resurrecting the three butchered children, made Saint Nicholas a patron saint of children and later students as well.
Rougemont Church was built around 1080 A.D. by Cluny monks. This priory is the first and only convent in the Lake Geneva Alps. The sanctuary is dedicated to Saint Nicolas de Myre, a martyr of the 4th century, the patron saint of children, who is celebrated on 6 December. The church was built in the Romanesque style according to the classic Cluniac layout: it has the shape of a Latin cross. The nave rests on the side aisles. The choir comprises three apses. A square tower built on the transept holds the bells. During the Bernese reign, the priory was demolished and a castle for the bailiffs put in its place. The Burgundy roofs were replaced by a steeper roof that was better suited to the climate. Major restoration work from 1919 to 1926 uncovered the stones of the building that had hitherto been hidden by five layers of plaster. The ceiling of the nave was remade with wooden beams. The paintings were made by Correvon, based on 13th century motifs.
Saint Nicolas de Myre
Evangelical Religion vs. Our Founding Fathers
by Joan Porte
George Bush pulled himself into the White House for another four years on the robes of evangelical Christians and other members of the religious right who crave a return to “moral and traditional values.” Theirs is a desire to live in a country controlled by strict Biblical precepts where gays are legally restricted to the closet and women follow St. Paul ’s instructions to be submissive. This is a world where guns are plentiful, preemptive war acceptable and the death penalty in fashion but using stem cells slated for the trashcan to treat epidemic illnesses is “sinful” because it constitutes murder. They allow free speech as long as it conforms to their definitions of religious purity. They are at peace with a man running the country and thus the world who says as Mr. Bush did at the Southern Baptist Convention, “I believe that God wants me to be president.”
Jerry Falwell in his “Moral Majority Report” called for the Christianization of America. “If we are going to save America and evangelize the world, we cannot accommodate secular philosophies that are diametrically opposed to Christian truth … We need to pull out all the stops to recruit and train 25 million Americans to become informed pro-moral activists whose voices can be heard in the halls of Congress. I am convinced that America can be turned around if we will all get serious about the Master’s business. It may be late, but it is never too late to do what is right. We need an old-fashioned, God-honoring, Christ-exalting revival to turn American back to God. America can be saved!”
While these evangelicals hold themselves out to be true patriots, nothing is more antithetical to the beliefs of our Founding Fathers and their dreams for America than the Falwellian world into which we are quickly descending.
Conveniently forgotten in this rush to remake America into a theocracy is the “Treaty of Tripoli,” negotiated during George Washington’s second term of office and signed by John Adams. It states, “As the government of the United Sates of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion.”