There is a good chance Francis Salvador was killed by the same Cherokee Indians that attacked the home of John Hodges while he was off fighting the British in the Revolutionary War. Salvador rode off to warn his fellow Patriots of the Native American uprising. Dorothy Hodges was taken hostage by a chief, and born him a son in the wilderness. Dorothy Hodges may be my great, great, grandmother, she allegedly married James Rosamond. Her seventeen year od son went back into the wilderness to live with his father.
At least five members of the Hodge family fought under Captain Samuel Rosamond who was a scout for the Francis Marion ‘The Swamp Fox’. Captain Gavin Witherspoon fought for Marion. According to the Tea Party, and their Evangelical allies, the folks above are the First Sons of God and the founders of the End Time prophecy that was invented in 1840 in Ireland that requires the rise of a New Zion. However, Francis Salvador is the founder of Reform Judaism in the New World where an oath was taken to never desire a return to Zion – ever again!
Being king to King David, and thus Jesus, Francis Salvador was one of the first Jews to hold public office before 1776, before we became a nation. Francis did not live long enough to see the Glorious Day when the New Zion in South Carolina won its Freedom from a foreign king. To show their gratitude to King David’s kindred, the Patriots of South Carolina made a law forbidding Jews to hold office. It is for this reason I have opposed the involvement of evangelicals in politics, because religious historians are worse liars then secular historians, because they will bend light around a corner to make their so called prophecies – work! And when that doesn’t work, they will conjure up another lie and make it the law of the land -for non-beleivers to follow! This is madness!
I have come to save my Country from the Liars of John Darby, and from the Jews in Israel who encourage these liars after they give them big bags of silver!
Oh Israel! Let my people go!
“Dorothy (Hodges) being a young, tall, attractive woman was taken by an Indian Chief before the cabin was torched. She was gone for ten years. When she returned she brought her Indian son with her.”
With warfare all around them, the Rosamond and Hodge family conducted weddings, and from their unions sprang a Nation.
Place of Burial: Williamston, SC
Birth: circa 1751
Augusta County, Virginia
Death: August 11, 1814 (63)
Anderson District, SC
John Hodges Rosamond
Birth: September 16, 1789
Abbeville District, SC
Death: May 5, 1859 (69)
Birth: circa 1786
Abbeville District, SC
Most of the information about John Hodges comes from his Revolutionary War application, W10117.
John Hodges was born in 1765 in Essex Co., Virginia. He is probably the son of John Hodges of Culpeper, VA, born about 1725, and wife Elizabeth.
Apparently sometime before the Revolution, the John Hodges family moved to SC. At the age of 15, on April 1, 1780, John Hodges joined the military as a private and served about 21 months. He was widely known as “Major” John Hodges later in life, perhaps from a position in the state militia.
His Revolutionary War pension application contains the following, summarized in Annie Walker Burns’ Revolutionary War Soldiers and Other Patriotic Records of Abbeville, County, SC (Washington, DC), pp. 17-18:
John Hodges, a resident of Abbeville District, S.C., age 67, states he entered service April 1, 1780 under command of Capt Samuel Rosamund, who commanded a beat or militia company in Ninety Six Direct, now Abbeville, S.C., and was marched t…
A family legend is that the father of John Hodges was a Revolutionary soldier and while at home on furlough, his cabin was attacked by Indians, and he was killed. The legend continued that the Indians captured four Hodges daughters,
bound them securely and put them inside the cabin which they prepared to burn.
However, an Indian warrior was reported attracted to one daughter, Dorothy, released her and took her with him, while the others perished in the flames.
(Another version has it that the mother and two daughters died in the fire.)
Many years later, Dorothy Hodges and her Indian son returned for a visit on her promise, the story went, that she would return to her Indian husband in Alabama territory. She yielded to pleadings of relatives to remain and eventually
married [ ] Rosamond. Her son attended the neighborhood school, but in his late teens went back to his father and was never heard from. Mr. and Mrs. Rosamond had children, lived for a time in Pickens, then went West, and South Carolina
kin lost contact with them.
With warfare all around them, the Rosamond and Hodge family conducted weddings, and from their unions sprang a Nation. The city of Hodges South Carolina was built on what was called
“the Jews land”. Then Dorothy Hodges was taken away by an Indian chief, and a child was born in the wilderness.
“The story of Dorothy being taken by Indians was so interesting, with the loss of her father and four younger sisters and all, that everybody told it faithfully. At least according to my grandfather who got it from his father and
compared it to other related Hodges family’s traditions in the1930s. It was his contention that the story was true because he had letters from six different families in six different locations. Each family gave the same basic story.
Dorothy being a young, tall, attractive woman was taken by an Indian Chief before the cabin was torched. She was gone for ten years. When she returned she brought her Indian son with her. He was nine when he arrived. The family talked
Dorothy into staying with them. They clothed, and educated, her son in the ways of his mother. They were shocked, and unbelieving when he told them he was going back to his father.Some of them thought it was rude and disrespectful for him to leave and they couldn’t understand why he would rather live with a bunch of savages.
The boy was seventeen when he left. Dorothy stayed with her family and married the widowed brother of Sarah Rosamond. They had a family of their own. The story ends with “They had a family of their own.”John M. Robinson put Dorothy in the
record as having been captured by Indians about 1781, he showed one son, no name, from the Chief. Then he shows a second husband as — Rosamond. I don’t know where he got his information. I believe it was from a tribute for General
George Washington Hodges, from two books; “Moragnes in America and Related Families” by Nell H. Howard and Bessie W. Quinn, and “Greenwood County Sketches” by Margaret Watson.
When we think of Jewish heroes of the American Revolution, Haym Salomon, the “financier” of the patriot cause or Isaac Franks, aide-de-camp to General George Washington, are the first names that come to mind. Rarely do we hear of South Carolina’s Francis Salvador, the first identified Jew to be elected to an American colonial legislature, the only Jew to serve in a revolutionary colonial congress and the first Jew to die for the cause of American liberty.
Francis Salvador was born in London in 1747, the fourth generation of Salvadors to live in England. His great grandfather Joseph, a merchant, established himself as a leader of England’s Sephardic community and became the first Jewish director of the East India Company. When George III ascended the British throne, Joseph Salvador arranged an audience for the seven-man delegation that officially congratulated the king on behalf of the Jewish community.
Even before Francis Salvador’s birth, his family developed interests in America. Salvador’s grandfather teamed with two other leaders of the London Jewish community to raise funds to send some of London’s destitute Jews to the new British colony in Savannah, Georgia. The Georgia trustees subsequently voted to ban Jewish immigration to Georgia but not before grandfather Salvador and his two associates had landed forty-two Jewish settlers in Savannah in July, 1733. When the founder of the colony, James Oglethorpe, intervened on behalf of the Jews, the trustees decided to let them stay. The Salvador family then purchased personal land holdings in South Carolina.
As a young man, Francis Salvador was raised in luxury in London. He was well educated by private tutors and traveled extensively. At age twenty, he married his first cousin, Sarah, and took his place in the family shipping firm. The devastating effects of a 1755 earthquake in Lisbon, where the family had extensive interests, weakened the family fortune. The failure of the East India Company completed its ruin. By the early 1770’s, virtually the only thing left of the Salvador family’s immense wealth was the large plot of land they had purchased in the South Carolina colony.
In 1773, in an attempt to rebuild the family fortune, Francis Salvador moved to South Carolina. Intending to send for his wife Sarah and their children when he had prepared a proper home for them, Salvador arrived in Charleston in December and established himself as a planter on a seven thousand acre tract he acquired from his uncle. Salvador found himself drawn to the growing American movement against British rule and unhesitatingly threw himself into the patriot cause. Within a year of his arrival, at the age of 27, Salvador was elected to the General Assembly of South Carolina. He became the first Jew to hold that high an elective office in the English colonies. He would hold the post until his sudden death.
In 1774, Francis Salvador was elected as a delegate to South Carolina’s revolutionary Provincial Congress, which assembled in Charleston in January 1775. The Provincial Congress framed a bill of rights and prepared an address to the royal governor of South Carolina setting forth the colonists’ grievances against the British crown. Salvador played an important role in the South Carolina Provincial Congress, which appointed him to a commission to negotiate with Tories living in the northern and western parts of the colony to secure their promise not to actively aid the royal government.
When the second Provincial Congress assembled in November 1775, Salvador urged that body to instruct the South Carolina delegation in Philadelphia to vote for American independence. Salvador played a leading role in the Provincial Congress, chairing its ways and means committee and serving on a select committee authorized to issue bills of credit to pay the militia. Salvador was also part of a special commission established to preserve the peace in the interior parts of South Carolina, where the English Superintendent of Indian Affairs was busily negotiating treaties with the Cherokees to induce the tribe to attack the colonists.
When the Cherokees attacked settlements along the frontier on July 1, 1776, massacring and scalping colonial inhabitants, Salvador, in an act reminiscent of Paul Revere, mounted his horse and galloped nearly thirty miles to give the alarm. He then returned to join the militia in the front lines, defending the settlements under siege. During a Cherokee attack early in the morning of August first, Salvador was shot. He fell into some bushes, where he was subsequently discovered and scalped. Salvador died forty-five minutes later. Major Andrew Williamson, the militia commander, reported of Salvador that, “When I came up to him after dislodging the enemy and speaking to him, he asked whether I had beaten the enemy. I told him ‘Yes.’ He said he was glad of it and shook me by the hand and bade me farewell, and said he would die in a few minutes.”
His friend Henry Laurens reported that Salvador’s death was “universally regretted,” while William Henry Drayton, later Chief Justice of South Carolina, noted that Salvador had “sacrificed his life in the service of his adopted country.” Dead at twenty-nine, never again seeing his wife or children after leaving England, Salvador was the first Jew to die waging the American Revolution. Ironically, because he was fighting on the frontier, he probably did not receive the news that the Continental Congress in Philadelphia had, as he urged, adopted the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Salvador: Forgotten (or Perhaps Never Known) American Hero
Just off of Highway 52 in Charleston, South Carolina rests the beautiful and famous Washington Park. Along with being a popular location for weddings and other social gatherings, Washington Park also serves as the location for several historical monuments, including statues of George Washington, memorials for the southern Confederacy, and plagues dedicated to the memory of local and national heroes.
Amongst these various plagues, tucked away in an obscure corner of the park, resides an obscure memorial to one Francis Salvador:
The plague reads:
1747 – 1776
First Jew in South Carolina to hold public office
To Die for American Independence
He came to Charles Town from his native London in 1773 to develop extensive family landholdings in the frontier district of ninety six. As a deputy to the provincial congresses of South Carolina, 1775 and 1776, he served with distinction in the creation of this state and nation, participating as a volunteer in an expedition against Indians and Tories, he was killed from ambush near the Keowee river, August 1, 1776.
Born an aristocrat, he became a democrat, an Englishman, he cast his lot with America.
True to his ancient faith, he gave his life for new hopes of human liberty and understanding.
Erected at the time of the Bicentennial celebration of the Jewish community of Charleston.
Approved by the historical commission of Charleston SC
Interesting Side note: Despite Salvador’s incredible service, the South Carolina Constitution of 1776 prohibited anyone not of the Christian faith from being elected to office. Interesting that the very state, which benefited from Salvador’s impeccable service, would prohibit those of his faith from following in his footsteps.***
• Biography, 1910. 2″In 1734, John, the son of David Witherspoon, emigrated to South Carolina, where he had a grant of twenty-nine miles square from the king. The land was called Williamsburg, in honor of the king, and they founded a town called King’s Tree. He married his cousin, Janet, the aunt of Dr. John Witerspoon, later President of Princeton College and a Signer of the Declaration of Independence.”
Biography, 1910. 2 “Gavin Witherspoon (1748-1834) was Captain in General Francis Marion’s Brigade in the Revolution and was a notable scout of whose bravery many tales are told in Simms’ “Life of Marion.””
During the time General Marion lay at the White marsh,
Capt. Gavin Witherspoon, of Pedee, with three or four men,
were concealing themselves in Pedee swamp: in the night he discovered
a camp of the tories, whom he had reason to think were in pursuit of him,
and watched them till they had all fallen asleep; he proposed to his men
to attack them, but they were fearful of numbers. He then declared he would
take them himself. Creeping up cautiously, he found that they had encamped
at the butt of a pine, blown up by the roots, and that their guns were piled
up against a limb, at the distance of forty or fifty feet from them.
He continued to creep till he got possession of their guns, and then
called to them loudly to surrender. Not knowing his force, they did so,
and Witherspoon’s men came to his assistance and tied them, in number seven.
Gavin, and John Witherspoon, his brother, were two active spirited men
at this period. They succeeded each other as captains
in the neck between Pedee and Lynch’s creek; and at the call of danger
were generally foremost.
Etta WALLACE. Parents: William WALLACE and Mary Ann WITHERSPOON.
Fanny WALLACE. Parents: William WALLACE and Mary Ann WITHERSPOON.
Frances Jane WALLACE was born in 1824 in Kentucy. She died in 1906. She was buried in Forthsyth Cem. Oakland City, Ind. Parents: John WALLACE and Frances TAYLOR.
Hattie WALLACE. Parents: James Henry WALLACE and Mary Jane HODGES.
Henry L. WALLACE was born in 1819 in Kentucy. He died in 1852. He was buried in Forthsyth Cem. Oakland City, Ind. Parents: John WALLACE and Frances TAYLOR.
Issac WALLACE. Parents: William WALLACE and Mary Ann WITHERSPOON.
James WALLACE. Parents: James Henry WALLACE and Mary Jane HODGES.
James Henry WALLACE was born on 25 Nov 1838. He died on 4 Jul 1916. Parents: William WALLACE and Mary Ann WITHERSPOON.
Children were: Martha Alice WALLACE , Amos WALLACE, Hattie WALLACE , Will WALLACE, James WALLACE , Ella WALLACE, Marion WALLACE , Ottis WALLACE, Russel WALLACE , Vernie WALLACE.
One of our current group of researchers located information regarding a John Rosamond that was sent to the colonies as an indentured servant, arriving in Anapolis, Maryland in 1725. His indentured status was due to the fact that he had committed highway robbery in England. Since the penalty for this was death, unless the perpetrator was a minor, it is believed that John/Thomas was probably in his early or mid-teens at the time of commision of his crime. Based on this, I place his birth around the year 1710, which would make him around fifteen years old when he arrived in Maryland.
Based on the ships records which brought him to the US, we now believe that his name was John, and that Thomas was really his father-in-law, Thomas Wilson. John arrived in Annapolis aboard the ship ‘Forward’ in December 1725. He was tried in Berkshire, England, Oxford Circuit Court. The ship was owned by Johathon Forward who was a contractor transporting prisoners for England to their colonies. Ruth Menhel, another of our current researchers, shows him located in Prince George’s County Maryland as a Corporal in some sort of military organization.
John apparently relocated to Virginia where he married Sarah Wilson. Barbara Morgan located ship records showing that Sarah arrived in Virginia with her Mother and sisters in 1740. This could be where WSR erroneously picked up that year for Thomas’ arrival in the colonies. Thomas Wilson was Sarah’s father, and had been in Virginia since 1737. John and Sarah relocated their family to the Abbeville District of South Carolina no later than 1765.
UPPER NINETY-SIX REGIMENT,
SOUTH CAROLINA MILITIA. (200 MEN)
Col. Andrew Pickens, Comdr.
Capt. Andrew Hamilton
Capt. Robert Anderson
Capt. James McCall
Capt. Joseph Pickens
Capt. Thomas Weems
Capt. Levi Casy
Lt. Joseph Calhoun
Lt. Alexander Ramsey
Lt. Samuel Roseman
Lt. Thomas Shanklin
Lt. Joseph Wardlaw
Thomas Langdon, MD
William Luckie, Jr.
History of the Sephardic Jews
Jews settled in the land of Sepharad (or Sefarad), as Spain was called in Hebrew language, very early. It was often claimed that their arrival to Spain happened soon after the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple in 586 BC. There was a legend among the Sephardim (i.e. the Spanish Jews) that Toletum (Toledo), the capital city of Spain, was founded by Jewish refugees from Jerusalem. A popular etymology explained its name (pronounced by the Jews Tolaitola) to be derived from the Hebrew word “tolatola” exile, or, according to another explanation, from “toledoth” generations. The Sephardim considered this city a second Jerusalem and recreated a virtually new Palestine around it: the towns of Escaluna, Maqueda, Jopez and Azeque were erected in the adjacent lands in memory of the Palestinian Ashkalon, Makedda, Joppa (Yafo) and Azeka; the Ibn-Daud and Abrabanel (Abravanel) families were proud to claim their descendency from the house of king David, the Solomon’s father. Jewish communities were founded also in Carthago Nova (Cartagena), Córdoba, Granada, Saragosse, Taragona and all over the Iberian peninsula.
The Early Christian Period (till A.D. 711)
The Sephardim prospered for centuries under the Roman empire, being preeminent in trade, especially with slaves, crafts and finances. The rise of Christianity in Roman Spain (3rd – 4th c. AD) put their positions at stake. They were blamed for having murdered the Messiah and practicing the mortal sin of usury. The Church Council of Iliberis (Elvira), held in 306, sanctionned for the first time a policy of segregating the Jews from the rest of society. For long time such measures had but a little effect. The situation, however, worsenned dramatically when the Ostrogothic kings of Spain embraced the Catholic faith in the late 6th century. Since then the Jews were put under permanent persecution for practicing their religion and had to face several times the dilemma of either converting to Christianity, or leaving Spain. In such circumstances it is understandable that when the Moors of North Africa crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and invaded the peninsula, the Jews met them like liberators and often opened the towns’ gates to their victorious armies. Later the Christians used to accuse the Sephardim for calling the Moors, but this is to be an exageration.
The Muslim Period (711-1492)
In the first three centuries of the Muslim domination the Jews enjoyed great influence and prosperity. Jews frequently served the government in official capacities and plkayed an active role in political and financial affairs. Hasdai ibn Shaprut (fl. 915-975) was counsellor to the caliphs of Córdoba, the Ibn Nagrelas were viziers of Granada, the Ibn Ezras, Ibn Megashs, and Ibn Albalias were high officials in Granada and Seville. The Sephardim were also engaged in considerable social and intellectual intercourse with influential circles of the Muslim population. Solomon ibn Gabirol, Moses ibn Ezra, and Judah ha-Levi were but the acknowledged supreme geniuses of a form of expression. The period 1000-1148 disserved to be named the Golden Age of Hebrew literature.
The situation, however, deteriorated again when soon after 1008 the Caliphate of Córdoba disintegrated into a lot of petty statelets (taifas), whih were unable to oppose the pressure of the northern Christian kingdoms. When Toledo fell to the Castilians (1085), the taifa kings had to call the Almoravids, a militarist Moorish sect from Morocco. The Almoravids believed that Jews must accept Islam if 500 years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad their Messiah had not come. A campaign to convert the Sephardim by force was launched in al-Andalus (the Muslim part of Spain), but the matters were arranged after a great ransom was paid. The Almoravids’ intervention could stop only temporarily the Christians. In 1147 the Muslims of Spain had to appeal for help to the Almohads, Berber Muslim reformers of Northern Africa. Their arrival saved for once more time the Islam in Spain, but the Almohads attacked not only the Christians, but the Sephardim also. The Jewish communities of al-Andalus were destroyed and thousands of Jews were driven either to northern Spain and Provence or, as in the case of Maimonides’ family, to North Africa and Egypt.