Jessie Benton vs. Ginni Thomas

NATIONAL HARBOR, MD - FEBRUARY 23:  Virginia Thomas, wife of Supreme Court Associate Justice Clarence Thomas, moderates a pannel discussion titled "When did World War III Begin? Part A: Threats at Home" during the Conservative Political Action Conference at the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center February 23, 2017 in National Harbor, Maryland. Hosted by the American Conservative Union, CPAC is an annual gathering of right wing politicians, commentators and their supporters.  (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

Ginni Thomas regularly met with Donald Trump while he was president, often providing him lists of people whom he should fire and hire — one of which the White House suspected of being a foreign spy.

Missouri’s German Unionists: From Defeat to Uncertain Victory Over Slavery – Long Island Wins

The contrast between Jessie Benton and Ginni Thomas – is historically astounding! They are the exact opposites. If we are to believe the Thomas’…the BLACK Justice of the Supreme Court…knew nothing about his wife’s connections to the Fake Tea Party via Freedomworks…whose goal was to force Black Americans to WORK as slaves again! Jessie lost most of her family when she announced she was an Abolitionist – LIKE HER WHITE HUSBAND – who wrote the first Emancipation of Slaves in our Democracy. John Fremont was a True Patriot, verses the Confederate TRAITORS of the Red States.

John Presco

Frémont Emancipation – Wikipedia

The Frémont Emancipation was part of a military proclamation issued by Major General John C. Frémont (1813–1890) on August 30, 1861 in St. Louis, Missouri during the early months of the American Civil War. The proclamation placed the state of Missouri under martial law and decreed that all property of those bearing arms in rebellion would be confiscated, including slaves, and that confiscated slaves would subsequently be declared free. It also imposed capital punishment for those in rebellion against the federal government.

Fremont’s published accounts and maps were a crucial resource for settlers during their westward migration. His explorations seized such a hold on the popular imagination that he became known as the “Pathfinder.”

That fame, along with his credentials as a committed anti-slavery advocate, put him in position to become the first Republican candidate for President in 1856. Although he lost to Democrat James Buchanan, scoring a very respectable 114 electoral votes to Buchanan’s 174, Fremont retained an excellent reputation based on his pioneering exploits. When the Civil War broke out, President Lincoln appointed the Pathfinder a Major General and Commander of the Department of the West, based in St. Louis, Missouri.

Major General John C. Fremont
Major General John C. Fremont

When the Civil War began in April 1861, the Union’s most important resource for controlling the slave-state of Missouri was the large German community centered in St. Louis. Germans had formed their own clandestine pro-Unionist militias even before the war had begun and they had been in the forefront of Union military operations throughout 1861.1

In May, 1861, German immigrants had successfully disarmed pro-Confederate forces outside St. Louis. The St. Louis Germans thwarted the state’s pro-Confederate governor’s attempt to take Missouri out of the Union and had dispersed a secessionist legislature. By August of 1861, the Germans formed the bulk of a military force that had pushed pro-Confederate forces out of all but the southwest corner of Missouri, however a final drive against the Confederates had failed at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek. In the fall the Germans had backed the immediate emancipation of slaves ordered by General John C. Fremont. However, Union defeats in the second half of the year exposed German families living on farms and in isolated villages to retaliatory attacks from Confederate sympathizers, and Lincoln rescinded Fremont’s emancipation order.2

The strong identification of the German community with the Union cause made them targets of violence, and their accents gave away their political leanings to the many supporters of the Confederacy living in the state. Missouri Germans had been one of the most anti-slavery demographic groups before the war. By the fall of 1861, they knew that only the end of slavery could insure their community’s future. 3

In 1862 Germans in Missouri tied their community’s survival to an end to slavery.  The St. Louis German Newspaper Anzeiger des Westens wrote that “For us Germans, emancipation is a matter of life or death. If Missouri remains a slave state, then we will not remain here any longer. …We will always be seen as a dangerous, incendiary element, and…it would be inevitable that we would always be outvoted, and looked at askance, defeated in all matters and cheated, and it would then be best for us to leave. –If Missouri became a free state, on the other hand, then we would be saviors…and they would look on us with respect in the free states; German immigration would not simply rise, but increase…tenfold.”  The editor wrote that “Emancipation was always a matter of honor for the Germans.” It identified the immigrants with a worldwide struggle for freedom. The newspaper described pro-Confederate slave owners as though they were the hated aristocracy of Europe whom the immigrants had fled a decade earlier. The Confederates did not just enslave blacks, they also tried to disenfranchise and silence immigrants, the newspaper argued. By destroying slavery, the Germans would not only liberate blacks, they would also break the back of aristocratic power.4

Missouri’s German Unionists: From Defeat to Uncertain Victory Over Slavery – Long Island Wins

Jessie Benton – Muse

Posted on June 5, 2013 by Royal Rosamond Press


Jessie Benton was the living Muse of California who was tirelessly promoted by Charles Lummis who is seen in the groundbreaking ceremony for the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles with Elizabeth Fremont, Jessie’s daughter. Jessie wrote short stories for Lummis’s Out West magazine, as did my grandfather, Royal Rosamond. Both authors promoted the Golden State that John Fremont secured for the United States. One historian titles Jessie ‘Mother of the Race of Southern California’.

My mother, Rosemary Rosamond, was the epitome for the Race of Lost Angels, East Coast Muses who got lost out West. Royal taught Erl Stanley Gardener how to type and write in the living room of the Rosamond home in Ventura by the Sea. I am an author who writes about his Muse who inspired Christine Rosamond Benton to take up art. The two fictitious biographies (and two movie scripts) written about my famous sister, are utter trash, they written to enrich my ungifted siblings, Mark and Vicki Presco, who knew nothing about art and history, and omit some amazing history.

These two are the anti-muses, who destroyed the creative family history I have restored and saved in my blogs. These usurpers did not know Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor is our kindred. Liz was the Queen of Hollywood, and Los Angeles Royalty. She died not knowing she was kin to Jessie Benton whom she resembles in character, they both championing unpopular causes. They were Liberated Women, as was the artist, Rosamond who married Garth Benton, the cousin of the famous artist Thomas Hart Benton, who was the grandson of Senator Benton, the father of Jessie, and promoter of the West.

In the photo above we see a portrait of John Fremont painted by the famous artist (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum who rendered Mount Rushmore. Jessie was Gutzon’s patron. You will find an image of Rushmore in your American Passport.

The house Jessie lived in (1101 W.28th.St.) was moved several time before it was demolished. Liz Fremont burned most of her father’s papers lest they fall into the hands of the enemy, those who were hell-bent on toppling Fremont and Jessie from the heights they had reached. Who would do such a thing? In my history book I blame Mary Todd, Lincoln’s shrill and ambition wife who some say controlled the White House. How she did this will be revealed in my History Book. There can be no doubt I and Jessie’s historian, and the Family history, in regards to the two creative grandchildren, of Royal Rosamond.

Speilberg is the King of Hollywood who missed the Fremont history in his movie ‘Lincoln’. Abe was for shipping black folks to another country after the Civil war ended so divided white folks can get along. rednecks and neo-Confederats took over the Reublican Party that John Fremont co-founded, and was this parties first Presidential candidate. The fake Patriots have brought our government to a halt, and work with right-wing think tanks to alter history, raise Scarlet from the ruins of Tara. Jessie was the real Scarlet O’Hara until she opposed slavery. Her father was a member of the Free Soil party, and bid John Fremont to conduct a clandestine war for the Golden State and the Land of the Free.

John Presco

Copyright 2013

Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont and company at her home in Los Angeles, ca.1892

Photograph of Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont and company at her home in Los Angeles, ca.1892. Mrs. Jessie Benton can be seen at center with Miss Elizabeth “Lily” Fremont and two children of Lieutenant Fremont nearby. She relaxes in a hammock strung from the wall to a post while behind her stand two girls, a boy (sitting on the porch railing), and Lily (sitting with knitting in her lap). In the extreme background, large trees are visible. A wooden chair with a blanket draped over the seat can be seen in the foreground.; In the original record, the home’s location was defined as “in Pasadena”.; “The house which was built in West Adams in either 1891 or 1892 at 1101 West 28th Street (at the NW corner of Hoover). The house was designed by architect Sumner P. Hunt. It was moved in the late 30s to the Valley–sadly to the site of what became Valley College–5744 Ethel Avenue. The college then decided to build there so it moved again to 14626 Titus Street, Panorama City where it was demolished in 1959. Obviously, no one knew what they had. And it was built for Mrs. Fremont after her husband’s NYC death by the women of CA and Los Angeles” — Anna Marie Brooks, Architectural Historian.

In partnership with architect Silas Reese Burns he designed such regional landmarks as the original building of the Southwest Museum, the Casa de Rosas, Ebell of Los Angeles, the Bradbury Building, the Los Angeles Country Club, the Vermont Square Branch library, the Pierpont Inn, LA headquarters building of the Automobile Club of Southern California, and the Janet Jacks Balch Hall for Scripps College, a liberal arts women’s college in Claremont, California. It is a member of the Claremont Colleges. The Hall was completed in the Fall of 1929. The building was a gift of Mr. and Mrs. Allan C. Balch of Los Angeles, and named in honor of trustee Janet Jacks Balch. Today Balch Hall is used as the administrative center and the adjoining auditorium is a key location for lectures, plays, community meetings, convocations, and musical events.

Charles Fletcher Lummis was an anthropologist, historian, journalist, and photographer who created the Southwest Society, which was the western branch of the Archaeological Institute of America. He gained the support of city leaders, and with the financial backing of attorney Joseph Scott and opened the Southwest Museum in 1907. The museum moved from Downtown Los Angeles to its current location in Mt. Washington in 1914, and has been there ever since.
The 1914 building was designed by architects Sumner P. Hunt and Silas Reese Burns. Later additions to the museum include the Caroline Boeing Poole Wing of Basketry (completed 1941), by architect Gordon B. Kaufmann, and the Braun Research Library (1971), by architect Glen E. Cook.

Lummis used his personal relationship with President Theodore Roosevelt to force his old nemesis, the U.S. Indian policy bureaucracy, to change some of its ways. In the face of Indian Bureau opposition, he found a new home for a small band of Indians evicted from their village alongside a hot spring near Palm Springs. He helped reverse a ridiculous policy that led some U.S. Indian agents to forcibly cut the hair of Indian men on their reservations. But in one battle, Lummis overstepped his bounds and ended up wearing out his welcome at the White House.

In 1892, Lummis released another book, Some Strange Corners of Our Country. Between 1893 and 1894, Lummis spent 10 months in Peru with Adolph Bandelier before returning to Los Angeles with his wife, Eva, and their year old daughter, Turbese. Unemployed and out of money, he finally landed the position of editor of a regional magazine, Land of Sunshine. The magazine was renamed Out West[6] in 1901, and published works by famous authors such as John Muir and Jack London. Over his 11 years as editor, Lummis wrote more than 500 pieces for the magazine himself, as well as a popular monthly commentary called “In the Lion’s Den”. He also built a remarkable home out of stone which he named El Alisal for the sycamore tree that grew just outside. As president of the “Landmarks Club of Southern California” (an all-volunteer, privately funded group dedicated the preservation of California’s deteriorating Spanish missions), Lummis noted that the historic structures “…were falling to ruin with frightful rapidity, their roofs being breached or gone, the adobe walls melting under the winter rains.”

His widow, Jessie Benton Fremont, is at this writing (1893), a resident of Los Angeles, Cal. Three children survive their father, an unmarried daughter, Elizabeth McDowell Benton, Lieutenant Frank Preston Fremont, U. S. A.; and Lieutenant John Charles Fremont, U. S. N. After his death Mrs. Fremont demanded compensation for, or restitution of the property appropriated by the United States Government for military purposes in San Francisco harbor, in 1863, and for which she has never received a dollar (1893). The settlement of this claim in her favor is anticipated by the bench generally, long as justice to her has been delayed. At present she has a pension from the Government.

Fremont’s 100-day reign over the Army of the West was generally ineffectual and he was replaced, mostly because Lincoln was tired of hearing about Fremont’s feud with the powerful Blair family. Francis Blair, former editor of the Washington Globe, was a close friend of Andrew Jackson and Thomas Benton. His son Montgomery was Lincoln’s Postmaster General. Francis wanted Fremont to name another son, Frank Jr., currently a Missouri Congressman, a general and to give most of the lucrative government contracts for fortifications around the city of St. Louis to his Missouri friends. But Fremont ignored Blair and gave most of these contracts to his California friends, Palmer and Beard, who had followed him to St. Louis. The last straw for Lincoln was Fremont’s decision to free all the slaves of Missouri landowners who were sympathetic to the Confederacy. The president ordered Fremont to renounce his emancipation proclamation. In 1862 he was given another command to head one of three armies in the Mountain Department campaign of West Virginia. He soon got into trouble, however, when he failed to arrive at Strasburg in time to join up with another army headed by General McDowell and cut off Stonewall Jackson’s retreat. When Lincoln decided to merge these three armies under one command he selected the leader of the third army, John Pope, an archenemy of Fremont’s from his days in Missouri, and Fremont asked to be relieved of his command. Lincoln never gave him another command and he resigned from the army in 1863.

Frank Preston Fremont graduated from West Point, got as far as major in his army career but was court-martialed for insubordination in 1907. He spent most of his remaining life in Cuba as president of a munitions factory there. He died in 1931.

Fremont is considered a major enigma in American History. There are many questions about his life — what really happened and why did he do what he did — that will probably never be answered. One day shortly after her mother’s death Lily Fremont went through her parents’ papers and burned everything that she thought damaged her father’s reputation. He was basically a shy person and definitely not as socially oriented and most likely as politically ambitious as his wife Jessie. He and Jessie were both fluent in French and Spanish and some of his best friends, including the French Canadian voyageurs on his expeditions and his Californio landowner neighbors, spoke only those native tongues. Most of the men who accompanied him on his expeditions and in his Civil War campaigns adored him and were proud to have served under him.

Jessie Ann Benton Frémont

Posted on June 4, 2013 by Royal Rosamond Press


To look at the handwriting of folks who are kin to you in a history museum puts one in a category that very few people are in. Besides the letter of Jessie Benton, there was a letter written by her father, Senator Thomas Hart Benton, who was the editor of the St. Louis Enquirer. Jessie was a prolific writer and a expansionist. Her nephew was the famous artist, Philip Boileau, whose images of beautiful women prepared the way for the work of my late sister, Christine Rosamond Benton. I believe the lithograph above titled ‘Jessie’ was inspired by the daughter of garth Benton, the cousin of the famous artist, Thomas Hart Benton. Thomas’ work needs to be included in the exhibit at the Portland Historic Society. That my adopted veteran son is a part of this history, is ironic.

Jon Presco

While in Missouri, Bonneville was inspired by the writing of Hall J. Kelley, as well as editorials in the St. Louis Enquirer (edited at the time by Thomas Hart Benton) to join in the exploration of the American West. Bonneville met with Kelley, who was impressed by him and appointed him to lead one of the expeditions to the Oregon Country; it was scheduled to leave in early 1832. The lack of volunteers for the expedition forced the delay and eventual cancellation of the expedition, leaving Bonneville unrequited in his ambitions.

Jessie Ann Benton Frémont (May 31, 1824 – December 27, 1902) was an American writer and political activist.

Fremont’s initial notability came from her family: she was the daughter of Missouri Senator Thomas Hart Benton and the wife of military officer, explorer and politician, John C. Frémont, she wrote many stories that were printed in popular magazines of the time as well as several books of historical value. Her writings, which helped support her family during times of financial difficulty, were memoirs of her husband’s, and her own, time in the American West—back when the West was an exotic frontier.

A great supporter of her husband, who was one of the first two Senators of the new U.S. state of California and a Governor of the Territory of Arizona, she was outspoken on political issues and a determined opponent of slavery, which was excluded from the formation of California. By maintaining a high level of political involvement during a period that was extremely unfavorable for women, Jessie Benton Frémont proved herself to be years ahead of her time.

She was born near Lexington, Virginia, the second child of Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858) and Elizabeth McDowell (1794–1854). She was born in the home of her mother’s father, James McDowell. Her father, Senator Benton, had been wanting a son, but went ahead and named her in honor of his father, Jesse Benton.

Jessie was raised in Washington, D.C., more in the manner of a 19th century son than daughter, with her father, who was renowned as the “Great Expansionist,” seeing to her early education and introducing her to the leading politicians of the day, an unusual thing for the period.[1] Jessie was very close to her father and stuck by his side. He shared with her the many books and maps in the valise that always accompanied him on their trips to and from Missouri and Virginia. She began, too, to share his dream of a nation stretching from ocean to ocean. In this manner, she became well educated in the ways of social structure and the disciplines of politics, history, literature and languages. After attaining some fluency in French and Spanish, Jessie helped in the translation of government documents.

In 1840 at age 15, while studying and living at Georgetown Seminary, she met Lieutenant John C. Frémont who was in Washington preparing a report on explorations he had made between the Missouri River and the northern frontier of the United States. They became engaged, but her parents objected to a marriage at that time because of her age. Probably through the influence of Col. Benton, Frémont then received an order from the war department to make an examination of the Des Moines River on the western frontier. The survey was made rapidly, and shortly after his return from this duty they eloped and were married on October 19, 1841.[2]

American West [edit]

For a while after their marriage, Jessie and her husband lived on Army posts, until Frémont was assigned the task of exploring the West and scouting land for future U.S. territorial expansion. It was this assignment that began the couple’s rise to fame.

John C. Frémont
A reconciliation occurred between Jessie and her father when he promoted Frémont’s famous explorations of the West. Senator Benton had been persuaded by his ailing wife to accept the marriage, and the couple moved into the Benton home. Frémont left his pregnant wife behind in the spring of 1842 to lead his first expedition to mark the trails West. He returned, however, days before the birth of their eldest child, Elizabeth Benton “Lily” Frémont, who was born November 15, 1842, in Washington D.C. He then headed off again and Jessie and the baby remained behind.

Frémont became known as the “Pathfinder to the West.” Jessie, intensely interested in the details of his expedition, became his recorder, making notes as he described his experiences. Adding human-interest touches to these printed reports, she wrote and edited best-selling stories of the adventures Frémont had while exploring the West with his scout, Kit Carson. Thus, she involved herself in her most happy life’s work, interpreting her husband and his actions for a public eager for information about the opening of the West. Written during a time when the concept of Manifest Destiny was becoming increasingly popular, these narratives were received with great enthusiasm.

Her husband was instrumental in the conquest of California, successfully taking it from Mexico as a Territory of the United States. He served as the 3rd Military Governor, in 1847. At the time of the court-martial of Frémont, during which he attempted to defend his actions in the Bear Flag Revolt, Jessie gave birth to a son, Benton Frémont, on July 24, 1848, in Washington, D.C. The baby’s death, within the year in St. Louis, she blamed on her husband’s accuser, General Kearny.

In 1849, Jessie and Lily made a harrowing and treacherous journey aboard ship to join Frémont in California. After disembarking and crossing the Isthmus of Panama, they boarded another vessel to San Francisco. With income from their gold mines, the Frémonts established a home and settled into San Francisco society. As a politically informed woman, Jessie was known to get involved in city politics and discuss with the men any issues that were of importance at the time.

Politics [edit]

John C. Frémont served from September 9, 1850, to March 3, 1851, as Senator from California. Their third child, John C. Frémont, Jr., was born April 19, 1851, at Las Mariposas, California. While the couple was visiting Paris, France, their fourth child, Anne Beverly Frémont, was born on February 1, 1853. Anne died five months later, on July 11, in Washington, D.C. Their fifth and final child, Francis Preston “Frank” Frémont, was born on May 17, 1855, in Washington.

In 1856, Frémont’s antislavery position was instrumental in his being chosen as the first-ever Republican candidate for President. Jessie played an extremely active role in the campaign, rallying support for her husband. One particular campaign slogan read, “Frémont and Jessie too.” Her father, however, a lifelong Democrat, refused to endorse her husband’s bid for the presidency. This did not stop the supporters of Frémont from continuing to refer to her as the “first lady in the land,” a title her admirers continued to use throughout her life [3]

Frémont garnered many Northern votes, but ultimately lost the election to James Buchanan, though he did surpass the American Party candidate, Millard Fillmore. Frémont was unable to carry the state of California. If he had taken the state of Pennsylvania he would have won.

In the years following, the couple moved several times, living in California, St. Louis and New York. Some historians [4] suggest that she played an active role in the anti-Secession movement in California in 1861, but others[5] suggest her influence was less important than other anti-secessionist and anti-slavery speakers at the time, such as Harriet Beecher Stowe. When President Lincoln appointed Frémont as the Commander of the Department of the West in 1861, they returned to St. Louis.

Jessie Frémont served as her husband’s unofficial aide and closest adviser. They shared the belief that St. Louis was unprepared for war and needed reinforcements and supplies, and both pressured Washington, to send more supplies and troops. She threw herself into the war effort, helping to organize a Soldier’s Relief Society in St. Louis, and becoming very active in the Western Sanitary Commission, which provided medicine and nursing to soldiers injured in the war.

One of the most impressive feats of her political career came shortly after Frémont lost his position during the Civil War for issuing his own edict of emancipation, summarily freeing all of the slaves in Missouri, which antedated Lincoln’s own Emancipation Proclamation. Jessie actually traveled to Washington, and pleaded with Lincoln on behalf of her husband, but to no avail.[6]

Jesse Benton Frémont invited Horace Greely to her home in Mariposa and encouraged him to visit Yosemite Valley where he was influenced later to write in favor of federal protection of Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoia. Galen Clark who is often credited with protecting the Mariposa Grove credited Jessie Benton Frémont for helping with the effort to encourage President Abraham Lincoln to sign the Yosemite Grant in 1864.

Later years [edit]

Frémont sitting at home in Los Angeles
The Frémonts would not live in St. Louis again, moving to New York and then California. In the Panic of 1873, John C. Frémont, who had invested heavily in railroad stock, lost everything and declared bankruptcy. Undaunted by their financial situation, Jessie began writing books to help support the family, namely A Year of American Travel: Narrative of Personal Experience (1878), a story about her journey to California in 1849, and Souvenirs of My Time (1887).

From 1878 to 1881, John C. Frémont served as Governor of the Territory of Arizona. Three months after being allowed to resign from the Army with pension, he died in 1890 in a hotel in New York.

After the death of her husband, the Congress, in recognition of his valued services, granted Jessie a widow’s pension of $2,000 a year. In 1891, she moved into a home at the corner of 28th and Hoover Streets in Los Angeles, that was presented to her by a committee of ladies of the city as a token of their great regard.[7][8] She remained in good health until about two and a half years before her death when an accident made her an invalid, but she was able to use a wheelchair and enjoy the outdoors.

Jessie Benton Frémont died at age 78 at her home in Los Angeles.[9][10] A huge box of fragrant and beautiful roses were sent on December 29, 1902, by Mrs. James A. Garfield. The rites of the Episcopal Church were conducted at 10:30 a.m. on December 30, at Christ Church, on the corner of Pico and Flower Streets.[11] She was cremated and her ashes interred in Rosedale Cemetery.

Works [edit]
The Story of the Guard: A Chronicle of the War (1863)
A Year of American Travel: Narrative of Personal Experience (1878)
Souvenirs of My Time (1887)
Far-West Sketches (1890)
The Will and the Way Stories (1891)
The Origin of the Frémont Explorations (1891)
The book Memoirs of My Life (1887) by John C. Frémont includes Sketch of Senator Benton by Jessie Benton Frémont.
Letters [edit]
The letters of Jessie Benton Frémont (1993) edited by Pamela Herr and Mary Lee Spence, Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Collection of 271 letters offering insights into the mind and heart of the author, across the span of her life, including her husband’s presidential campaign, her role in the Civil War, her time as First Lady of the Territory of Arizona, and her impressions of the late 1800s in California.
Books about her [edit]
Jessie Benton Frémont: A Biography (1987) by Pamela Herr
Jessie Benton Frémont: A Woman who Made History (1995) by Catherine Coffin Phillips
Jessie Benton Frémont: Missouri’s Trailblazer (2005) by Ilene Stone and Suzanna M. Grenz
Passion and Principle: John and Jessie Frémont, the Couple Whose Power, Politics, and Love Shaped Nineteenth-century America (2007) by Sally Denton

In fiction [edit]
Immortal Wife: The Biographical Novel of Jessie Benton Frémont (1944) by Irving Stone
Phillips, Michael and Judith Pella. The Journals of Corrie Belle Hollister: On the Trail of the Truth Bethany House Pub., 1991.
Dream West is a 1982 historical novel by David Nevin about Charles and Jessie Frémont.[12]

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About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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1 Response to Jessie Benton vs. Ginni Thomas

  1. Reblogged this on Rosamond Press and commented:

    I just saw a new poll that says both parties fear the other party is a threat to Democracy – as the N0.1 issue. Will black voter vote in Oregon?

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