Jews Owned Slaves

The Jews have condoned slavery for a long time. I saw the urgency to deal with this fact.

Seer Jon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_views_on_slavery

Netanyahu Must Apologize For Slavery

slavery3 slavery4 slavery5 slavery6rickperr2 rickperry rick-perry-ISRAELnnnbentonjBEN23BEN24

As heir to the Traditional Republican Family Values, and as a True Nazarite Prophet, I insist Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu fly Rabbi Marvin Hier to Washington and lead him thru a religious observation, where Benjamin prostrate himself before the Congressional podium, and beg God’s forgiveness for the Jews involvement in slavery, for being armed traitors for the Confederacy, and for conspiring with neo-Confederate Evangelical End Time Crazies to overthrow our Democracy and install a kingdom.

With the return of slavery to the Levant by ISIS Religious Savages, it is imperative that Israel take a strong stance against slavery. Indeed, I insist Israel, who owns any nuclear weapons, amass a large army and attack the Slave Masters of ISIS like their ancestors attacked the Roman Slave Masters.

“Rabbi Marvin Hier, the founder and Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, has called on President Barack Obama to “name, apologize for, and repudiate” the anonymous official who was quoted, in an Atlantic Magazine article by Jeffrey Goldberg, describing Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as a “chickenshit.”

It was John Fremont, with the help his wife, Jessie Benton, who authored the first emancipation of slaves in America, thus, forcing the hand of Abraham Lincoln. Fremont was a co-founder of the Republican Party, who along with many foreigners known as Forty-Eighters, took up the cause that America should be an Abolitionist Nation. Fremont was the first Presidential Candidate for the party that would echo the ancient cry of Moses.

Jon the Nazarite

“This is an aspect of Southern social life about which little has been written. Among
the Jews of Mobile, according to the 1850 Mss. Census Returns, some of the most pros-
perous Jews reported white servants — Solomon I. Jones (the brother of Israel Jones)
kept two white servants, and Philip Phillips had “four female Irish” in help — un-
doubtedly needed to take care of his large brood of children.

An emerging Christian movement that seeks to take dominion over politics, business and culture in preparation for the end times and the return of Jesus, is becoming more of a presence in American politics. The leaders are considered apostles and prophets, gifted by God for this role.

The organizers of Perry’s rally were from ministries founded by two apostles/prophets of the movement — The Call, and the International House of Prayer founded by Mike Bickle. Bickle, who led part of Perry’s event, has claimed that Oprah Winfrey is a precursor of the Antichrist, and Engle has claimed that gay people are controlled by “demonic spirits.” Both have served on the Council of Prophetic Elders initiated by Wagner.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_views_on_slavery

On 25 March 2007, bicentenary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade, then Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain publicly stated that slavery was “a crime against humanity” and offered “deep sorrow” for British involvement but no apology.

http://www.trinidadandtobagonews.com/blog/?p=6971

By 1639 Jews constituted a substantial portion of the white civilian population of Recife and owned about 6 percent of the sugar mills in Dutch Brazil. Jewish merchants bought a large share of the slaves transported by the Dutch West India Company and then retailed them to Portuguese planters on credit, arousing complaints of high prices and high interest rates. A few Amsterdam Jews such as Diego Dias Querido, a native of Portugal, challenged the India Company’s monopoly and chartered their own ships to transport slaves from Africa to Brazil or the Spanish Caribbean.

http://www.occidentaldissent.com/2012/08/27/caribbean-project-the-jewish-role-in-american-slavery/

http://www.occidentaldissent.com/2012/08/27/caribbean-project-the-jewish-role-in-american-slavery/

http://en.metapedia.org/wiki/Jews_and_the_transatlantic_slave_trade

When one considers that the Jews of Newport owned about 300 slave-transporting ships, active without interruption, docking at Newport-Africa, Charleston, (or Virginia), one can approximate the tremendous earnings which made their way to Jewish ship owners. Indeed, the Jews admit, that of the 600 ships, leaving Newport harbor into all the world, “at least half of them” went their way to Africa, and we know what these ships going to Africa “were seeking.”

The transatlantic slave trade forms part of the wider history involving Jews and slavery which involved not only Africans, but also Europeans (especially Slavs), Middle Easterners, Central Asians and others. Specifically in relation to the transatlantic slave trade, it deals with the transportation of Black Africans to the Americas. Jews owned many of the slave-ships and had a very prominent, even leading role in the whole scheme.

Jews also sold white people as slaves to the Americas. Where tribes in Africa would kidnap other tribes to sell them to slavery to Jews, the Jews would kidnap whites. The hundreds of thousands of whites who were kidnapped, chained, whipped and worked to death in the American colonies and during the Industrial Revolution is kept secret by the Zionist-controlled media.[1]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VVeMMhXud8Q

[1918-1979] confirmed in his many books that jewish merchants engineered the African slave trade from start to finish. The renowned rabbi Morris Raphall wrote “The Bible View of Slavery” in 1861 to educate the general public that jews claim the religious right to own slaves. All of the jewish patriarchs found in the “the scriptures” were invented as slave owners in order to legitimize slavery.

https://archive.org/stream/JewsAndNegroSlaveryInTheOldSouth1789-1865/Jews%20and%20Negro%20Slavery%20in%20the%20Old%20South%20-%201789-1865_djvu.txt

Previous students of the American Jewish scene have appeared to be reluctant 
to investigate the question of Jewish participation 
in the slave system. Works on local Jewish history in Southern 
communities, in particular, have either glossed over or altogether 
ignored this basic aspect of the life and experiences of the Jews of 
the Old South. It is my purpose to attempt to survey the following 
themes: Jews as planters, and as owners of slaves; the treatment 
of slaves by Jews; the emancipation of slaves by Jews; Jews as 
harsh taskmasters; business dealings of Jews with slaves and free 
Negroes; Jews as slave dealers; cases of miscegenation involving 
Jews and Negroes; and opinions of Jews about the slave system. 2

https://rosamondpress.com/2014/01/31/done-with-northern-trailer-trash-rednecks/

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warned Monday that a potential nuclear deal with Iran “could threaten the survival of Israel,” as he kicked off a contentious visit to the United States meant to build the case against such an agreement.

The centerpiece of his visit will be an address to Congress on Tuesday. But speaking first to The American Israel Public Affairs Committee in Washington, the Israeli leader underscored the dangers he said are posed by Iran, which he called the world’s “foremost sponsor of state terrorism.”

“Iran envelops the entire world with its tentacles of terror,” he said, displaying a map showing various connections between Iran and terror groups. He warned Iran could pursue Israel’s destruction if it obtained a nuclear weapon.

“We must not let that happen,” Netanyahu said.

Both the Obama and Netanyahu administrations, as a matter of policy, agree that Iran must not be able to obtain a nuclear weapon. But the Israeli leader has concerns that the framework of the current diplomatic talks could lead to an ineffective deal.

His address to Congress on Tuesday has meanwhile become the source of immense tension between the two governments. The speech was arranged at the invitation of House Speaker John Boehner, but without the involvement of President Obama. Some Democrats plan to boycott that speech, and the U.S. president has no plans to meet with the prime minister — though the White House insists this is out of a desire not to appear to be influencing upcoming Israeli elections. On Sunday, Secretary of State John Kerry said in an interview with ABC’s “This Week,” before he arrived in Switzerland for talks with Iran’s foreign minister, that the administration did not want the event “turned into some great political football.”

But it appeared too late for that. With accusations flying on Capitol Hill, Netanyahu’s visit has plunged the rocky Obama-Netanyahu relationship to perhaps its lowest point.

Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., told Fox News on Monday this is the “worst” he’s ever seen the U.S.-Israel relationship. He claimed critics are acting “in such a hysterical fashion” because they’re concerned Netanyahu will make a “compelling argument” against the pending Iran agreement.

Netanyahu, though, stressed Monday that the alliance is “stronger than ever” despite the current disagreement, as he gently mocked the recent media coverage.

“Never has so much been written about a speech that hasn’t been given,” he said. Netanyahu also said he meant no “disrespect” to Obama or his office in agreeing to address Congress. He said he “deeply” appreciates all Obama has done for Israel and did not intend to “inject Israel into the American partisan debate.”

But he said he had a “moral obligation” to speak up about the dangers Israel faces, and stressed that these dangers are, for his country, a matter of “survival.”

The prime minister’s address was to be bracketed by speeches from two senior U.S. officials: U.N. Ambassador Samantha Power and National Security Adviser Susan Rice.

Power, who spoke Monday morning, tried to ease tensions and offer assurances of the strength of the U.S.-Israel relationship. She said that partnership “transcends politics” and always will.

She stressed that diplomacy with Iran is the “preferred route” but the U.S. will keep its security commitments.

“The United States of America will not allow Iran to obtain a nuclear weapon, period,” she said. “There will never be a sunset on America’s commitment to Israel’s security.”

In Washington, Netanyahu has positioned himself squarely against the Obama administration on the issue of the Iran talks. The Israeli leader is expected to press his opposition to a diplomatic accommodation of Iran’s program in his speech Tuesday to Congress.

“We are not here to offend President Obama whom we respect very much,” said a Netanyahu adviser, who was not authorized to be identified. “The prime minister is here to warn, in front of any stage possible, the dangers” of the agreement that may be taking shape.

The adviser, who spoke shortly before the delegation touched down in Washington, said Israel was well aware of the details of the emerging nuclear deal and they included Western compromises that were dangerous for Israel. Still, he tried to lower tensions by saying that Israel “does not oppose every deal” and was merely doing its best to warn the U.S. of the risks entailed in the current one.

The Obama administration apparently is concerned about the details Netanyahu might discuss. An Associated Press journalist traveling with Kerry in Geneva tweeted Monday that Kerry said the U.S. is concerned by reports that “selective details” of the talks may be revealed.

Netanyahu considers unacceptable any deal that does not entirely end Iran’s nuclear program. But Obama is willing to leave some nuclear activity intact, backed by safeguards that Iran is not trying to develop a weapon. Iran insists its program is solely for peaceful energy and medical research.

The invitation to speak to Congress extended by Boehner, R-Ohio, and Netanyahu’s acceptance have caused an uproar that has exposed tensions between Israel and the U.S., its most important ally.

By consenting to speak, Netanyahu angered the White House, which was not consulted in advance, and Democrats, who were forced to choose between showing support for Israel and backing the president.

Netanyahu’s visit comes as Congress weighs legislation to trigger more sanctions against Iran if talks fail. Obama adamantly opposes that bill, but supporters could use Netanyahu’s expected warnings to build their case for it.

Latin America and the Caribbean[edit]

Jews participated in the European colonization of the Americas, and owned slaves in Latin America and the Caribbean, most notably in Brazil and Suriname, but also in Barbados and Jamaica.[94][95][96] Especially in Suriname, Jews owned many large plantations.[97] Many of the ethnic Jews in the New World, particularly in Brazil, were “New Christians” or “Conversos“, some of which continued to practice Judaism, so the distinction between Jewish and non-Jewish slave owners is a difficult distinction for scholars to make.[citation needed]

Mediterranean slave trade[edit]

The Jews of Algiers were frequent purchasers of Christian slaves from Barbary corsairs.[98] Meanwhile, Jewish brokers in Livorno, Italy were instrumental in arranging the ransom of Christian slaves from Algiers to their home countries and freedom. Although one slave accused Livorno’s Jewish brokers of holding the ransom until the captives died, this allegation is uncorroborated, and other reports indicate Jews as being very active in assisting the release of English Christian captives.[99] In 1637, an exceptionally poor year for ransoming captives, the few slaves freed were ransomed largely by Jewish factors in Algiers working with Henry Draper.[100]

Atlantic slave trade[edit]

Triangular slave trade.

The Atlantic slave trade transferred African slaves from Africa to colonies in the New World. Much of the slave trade followed a triangular route: slaves were transported from Africa to the Caribbean, sugar from there to North America or Europe, and manufactured goods from there to Africa. Jews and descendants of Jews converted to Christianity participated in the slave trade on both sides of the Atlantic, in the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal on the eastern side, and in Brazil, Caribbean, and North America on the west side.[101]

After Spain and Portugal expelled many of their Jewish residents in the 1490s, many Jews from Spain and Portugal migrated to the Americas and to the Netherlands.[102] Jewish participation in the Atlantic slave trade increased through the 17th century because Spain and Portugal maintained a dominant role in the Atlantic trade and peaked in the early 18th century, but started to decline after the Peace of Utrecht in 1713 when England obtained the right to sell slaves in Spanish colonies, and England and France started to compete with Spain and Portugal.[103] By the time the worldwide slave trade and European sugar-growing reached its peak in the 18th century, Jewish participation was dwarfed by the enterprise of British and French planters who did not allow Jews among their number. During the 19th century, some Jews owned some cotton plantations in the southern United States but not in meaningful numbers.[102]

Brazil[edit]

Slave ship used in Brazilian trade.

The role of Jewish converts to Christianity (New Christians) and of Jewish traders was momentarily significant in Brazil[104] and the Christian inhabitants of Brazil were envious because the Jews owned some of the best plantations in the river valley of Pernambuco, and some Jews were among the leading slave traders in the colony.[105] Some Jews from Brazil migrated to Rhode Island in the American colonies, and played a significant but non dominant role in the 18th-century slave trade of that colony; this sector accounted for only a very tiny portion of the total human exports from Africa.[106]

Caribbean and Suriname[edit]

The New World location where the Jews played the largest role in the slave-trade was in the Caribbean and Suriname, most notably in possessions of the Netherlands, that were serviced by the Dutch West India Company.[104] The slave trade was one of the most important occupations of Jews living in Suriname and the Caribbean.[107] The Jews of Suriname were the largest slave-holders in the region.[108]

According to Austen, “the only places where Jews came close to dominating the New World plantation systems were Curaçao and Suriname.”[109] Slave auctions in the Dutch colonies were postponed if they fell on a Jewish holiday.[110] Jewish merchants in the Dutch colonies acted as middlemen, buying slaves from the Dutch West India Company, and reselling them to plantation owners.[111] The majority of buyers at slave auctions in the Brazil and the Dutch colonies were Jews.[112] Jews allegedly played a “major role” in the slave trade in Barbados[110][113] and Jamaica,[110] and Jewish plantation owners in Suriname helped suppress several slave revolts between 1690 to 1722.[108]

In Curaçao, Jews were involved in trading slaves, although at a far lesser extent compared to the Protestants of the island.[114] Jews imported fewer than 1,000 slaves to Curaçao between 1686 and 1710, after which the slave trade diminished.[110][115] Between 1630 and 1770, Jewish merchants settled or handled “at least 15,000 slaves” who landed in Curaçao, about one-sixth of the total Dutch slave trade.[116][117]

North American colonies[edit]

The Jewish role in the American slave trade was minimal.[118] According to historian and rabbi Bertram Korn, there were Jewish owners of plantations, but altogether they constituted only a tiny proportion of the industry.[119] In 1830 there were only four Jews among the 11,000 Southerners who owned fifty or more slaves.[120]

Of all the shipping ports in Colonial America, only in Newport, Rhode Island did Jewish merchants play a significant part in the slave-trade.[121]

A table of the commissions of brokers in Charleston, South Carolina, shows that one Jewish brokerage accounted for 4% of the commissions. According to Bertram Korn, Jews accounted for 4 of the 44 slave-brokers in Charleston, three of 70 in Richmond, and 1 of 12 in Memphis.[122] However the proportion of Jewish residents of Charleston who owned slaves was similar to that of the general white population (83% versus 87% in 1830).[123]

Assessing the extent of Jewish involvement in the Atlantic slave trade[edit]

Advertisement for slave auction of slave trader Jacob Levin[124][125]

Historian Seymour Drescher emphasized the problems of determining whether or not slave-traders were Jewish. He concludes that New Christian merchants managed to gain control of a sizeable share of all segments of the Portuguese Atlantic slave trade during the Iberian-dominated phase of the Atlantic system. Due to forcible conversions of Jews to Christianity many New Christians continued to practice Judaism in secret, meaning it is impossible for historians to determine what portion of these slave traders were Jewish, because to do so would require the historian to choose one of several definitions of “Jewish”.[126][127]

Historians’ assessment of Jewish involvement in the Atlantic slave trade have varied, with corrections and revisions added over time as new research comes to light. According to Schorsh some pseudohistorians distort the available research to write anti-Semitic polemics.[128][129]{

The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews[edit]

The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, published by The Nation of Islam

In 1991, the Nation of Islam (NOI) published The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, which alleged that Jews had dominated the Atlantic slave trade.[130] Volume 1 of the book claims Jews played a major role in the Atlantic slave trade, and profited from slavery.[131] The book was heavily criticized for being anti-Semitic, and for failing to provide any objective analysis of the role of Jews in the slave trade. Common criticisms included the fact that the book used selective quotes, made “crude use of statistics,”[102] and was purposefully trying to exaggerate the role of Jews.[132] The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) criticized the NOI and the book.[10] Henry Louis Gates Jr criticized the book’s intention and scholarship.[133]

Historian Ralph A. Austen heavily criticized the book and said that although the book may seem fairly accurate, it is an anti-Semitic book. However, he added that before the publication of The Secret Relationship, some scholars were reluctant to discuss Jewish involvement in slavery because of fear of damaging the “shared liberal agenda” of Jews and African Americans.[134] In that sense, Austen found the book’s aims of challenging the myth of universal Jewish benevolence throughout history to be legitimate even though the means to that end resulted in an anti-Semitic book.[135]

Later assessments[edit]

The publication of The Secret Relationship spurred detailed research into the participation of Jews in the Atlantic slave trade, resulting in the publication of the following works, most of which were published specifically to refute the thesis of The Secret Relationship:

  • 1992 – Harold Brackman, Jew on the brain: A public refutation of the Nation of Islam’s The Secret relationship between Blacks and Jews
  • 1992 – David Brion Davis, “Jews in the Slave Trade”, in Culturefront (Fall 1 992) pp 42–45
  • 1993 – Seymour Drescher, “The Role of Jews in the Atlantic Slave Trade”, Immigrants and Minorities, 12 (1993), pp 113–25
  • 1993 – Marc Caplan, Jew-Hatred As History: An Analysis of the Nation of Islam’s “The Secret Relationship” (published by the Anti Defamation League)
  • 1998 – Eli Faber, Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight, New York University Press
  • 1999 – Saul S. Friedman, Jews and the American Slave Trade, Transaction

Most post-1991 scholars that analysed the role of Jews only identified certain regions (such as Brazil and the Caribbean) where the participation was “significant”.[136] Wim Klooster wrote: “In no period did Jews play a leading role as financiers, shipowners, or factors in the transatlantic or Caribbean slave trades. They possessed far fewer slaves than non-Jews in every British territory in North America and the Caribbean. Even when Jews in a handful of places owned slaves in proportions slightly above their representation among a town’s families, such cases do not come close to corroborating the assertions of The Secret Relationship“.[11]

David Brion Davis wrote that “Jews had no major or continuing impact on the history of New World slavery.”[137] Jacob R. Marcus wrote that Jewish participation in the American Colonies was “minimal” and inconsistent.[138] Bertram Korn wrote “all of the Jewish slavetraders in all of the Southern cities and towns combined did not buy and sell as many slaves as did the firm of Franklin and Armfield, the largest Negro traders in the South.”[139]

According to a review in The Journal of American History of both Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight and Jews and the American Slave Trade: “Faber acknowledges the few merchants of Jewish background locally prominent in slaving during the second half of the eighteenth century but otherwise confirms the small-to-minuscule size of colonial Jewish communities of any sort and shows them engaged in slaving and slave holding only to degrees indistinguishable from those of their English competitors.”[140]

According to Seymour Drescher, Jews participated in the Atlantic slave trade, particularly in Brazil and Suriname,[141] however in no period did Jews play a leading role as financiers, shipowners, or factors in the transatlantic or Caribbean slave trades.[11] He said that Jews rarely established new slave-trading routes, but rather worked in conjunction with a Christian partner, on trade routes that had been established by Christians and endorsed by Christian leaders of nations.[142][143] In 1995 the American Historical Association (AHA) issued a statement, together with Drescher, condemning “any statement alleging that Jews played a disproportionate role in the Atlantic slave trade”.[144]

According to a review in The Journal of American History of Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight (Faber) and Jews and the American Slave Trade (Friedman), “Eli Faber takes a quantitative approach to Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade in Britain’s Atlantic empire, starting with the arrival of Sephardic Jews in the London resettlement of the 1650s, calculating their participation in the trading companies of the late seventeenth century, and then using a solid range of standard quantitative sources (Naval Office shipping lists, censuses, tax records, and so on) to assess the prominence in slaving and slave owning of merchants and planters identifiable as Jewish in Barbados, Jamaica, New York, Newport, Philadelphia, Charleston, and all other smaller English colonial ports.”[145] Historian Ralph Austen, however, acknowledges “Sephardi Jews in the New World had been heavily involved in the African slave trade.”[146]

Jewish slave ownership in the southern United States[edit]

Slavery historian Jason H. Silverman describes the part of Jews in slave trading in the southern United states as “minuscule”, and wrote that the historical rise and fall of slavery in the United States would not have been affected at all had there been no Jews living in the south.[13] Jews accounted for only 1.25% of all Southern slave owners.[13]

Aaron Lopez

Jewish slave ownership practices in the southern United States were governed by regional practices, rather than Judaic law.[13][147][148] Many southern Jews held the view that blacks were subhuman and were suited to slavery, which was the predominant view held by many of their non-Jewish southern neighbors.[149] Jews conformed to the prevailing patterns of slave ownership in the South, and were not significantly different from other slave owners in their treatment of slaves.[13] Wealthy Jewish families in the American South generally preferred employing white servants rather than owning slaves.[148] Jewish slave owners included Aaron Lopez, Francis Salvador, Judah Touro, and Haym Salomon.[150]

Jewish slave owners were found mostly in business or domestic settings, rather than on plantations, so most of the slave ownership was in an urban context – running a business or as domestic servants.[147][148] Jewish slave owners freed their black slaves at about the same rate as non-Jewish slave owners.[13] Jewish slave owners sometimes bequeathed slaves to their children in their wills.[13]

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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