Status Owning Habsburgs

The trouble with my Silverspoon Friends, is, they never achieved the status of their physician fathers, but, they want to be treated like they have. I was forced to go along with this charade, if I wanted to remain their friend. This meant I must keep myself below them on all levels, and act the part of their inferior.

I was made out to be another Charlie Manson, a crazy and deluded wanna-be hippie. I was a dangerous man – to be kept at arms length – and then some! If I want to talk to them, or write about them, I must submit an Official Conversation Form for their approval. Here I am sharpening my dull axes and knives in hope they let me near them again. God knows what they have been saying about me behind my back.

Here’s what the hired ghost writer said about my famous DEAD sister, the artist known as Rosamond. My Silverspoon Friends ignored this, because, they perceived I was a Social Climber trying to cross their High Culture Barrier set by their fathers. They both should have taken more LSD.

“She had me cornered. I was trying to reason with her and get away before things got out of hand. She kept coming at me, and the bed was right there, so I finally whapped her. And it was like Bozo the clown. She bounced off the bed as if nothing had happened, and just kept right on coming. I was finally able to get around and out of the room, and years later I asked her if she remembered me slapping her during that episode. She had no memory of it whatever.”

There are two books published about Christine Rosamond Benton. Within members of my family are demonized, including me. I long wondered why I got no sympathy from my Silverspoon friends. Now I know whose side they are on. There are no books being written about my Silverspoon friends, but – they act like this so! What’s to write about? Now, take the Habsburgs.

Here is the first Hippie Movement. Obama’s artist, Wily took all kinds of liberties. Did he know the amazing history of Philip von Habsburg before he put Michael Jackson on his horse – he turned white? Jackson was a very popular Black Pop Singer, and is not in the Habsburg family tree. He just pretends he is. When you are a billionaire, you can pretend as much as you want. Yesterday, Trump said he might declare himself President For Life! His flock of evangelical piglets – squealed with delight! Why? Because Trump restored WHITE STATUS. It’s O.K. again to count your lucky white stars. 

I, and many others turned off the Oscars, because we heard too much Gospel Music sung by all black singers. It was the same ol Sob Story! How long will this go on? The Habsburgs never bored anyone. Philip married Mary of England, and sent a armada against her sister, Elizabeth. All in the family – aye! For practicing a slightly altered church ceremony, Philip aimed 10,000 cannon at his sister-in-laws head!

“I’ll blow you away – bitch!”

The false claim that White Folks got powerful by oppressing Black Folks – is bullshit! How many black people did Robin Hood fuck-over? We White People got powerful knocking off other powerful people – that are our kindred! Oh sure we lay down a red carpet before them, but, all red carpets – lead to the guillotine!

If you black people want the throne, then, come and take it! That whole Oscar bit about how only black people own truth, is based upon being Perfect Victims – who always tell the truth! Many black people voted for Trump knowing he is the Best Liar they have ever heard! Liars almost always win!

Is this a review of the Oscars? In the old day, Hollywood Royalty had to kill for an Oscar! Now all you got to do is – sing the blues! Almost everyday I go for my Oscar. Why do you think I’m in costume? I am dressed as Merlin because he was candidate for the Anti-Christ. How many folks knew this? Did I really care! Merlin was nominated, and lost. Because I am a prophet, I get away with so much. I do not own a note from my Mommy. Every year an angel gives me the Oscar Winners, but, do I spoil it for everyone?

No sooner is the Oscars over, then in rush all these black actors, the sure winners of next year’s awards! What the?  Best take advantage of  the breach in the Great White Wall. I had a vision of Chadwick Boseman as El Cid. Will there be a gorgeous black Sophia Loren? Yes, but white men will have to fill out a Non-Drooling Contract when we buy a ticket! Alas, Heston, will be deposed, and replaced. Big Payback time!

“The Cid……………is dead! Long live the Cid!”

The women’s dresses – really sucked! It’s all about Make-Believe. Who’s got a Fairytale Ap on their I-Phone? I am left alone to do all the Magic Tricks, because, the Magic is gone!

Look at this shit they got on! Tryouts for a rich wedding cake, or, a role in Great Expectations? You can make that movie, again, every five years – please!

https://www.msn.com/en-us/movies/oscars/fashion-hits-and-misses-from-the-2018-academy-awards/ss-BBJSbai?ocid=spartandhp#image=9

In religion, a prophet is an individual who is regarded as being in contact by a divine being and is said to speak on that entity’s behalf, serving as an intermediary with humanity by delivering messages or teachings from the supernatural source to other people.[1][2] The message that the prophet conveys is called a prophecy, which transports—at least in Judaism—a message beyond mere pagan soothsaying, augury, divination, or forecasting, and, most prominently in the neviim of the Tanakh, often comprises issues of social justice. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prophet

I sent an e-mail to Geza von Habsburg informing him where his giant family portrait is. I have not heard back from him. I suspect there is much scheming, or, he labeled me spam. Of course this is the greatest Art Happening of all time, so, they will make sure no outsider gets any credit, and, is ruled – INSANE! Works better than a cannonball!

Below is the castle where my friend Virginia’s great grandfather hid the treasures of the French Monarchs who had their heads severed. Her Anjou kin are still trying to restore the Monarchy.  Why is the important? Putin is trying to restore the Russian Monarchy, and is why he declared himself Ruler For Life! Who stands in their way? THE FOOL!

Below is a parade of folks in the Habsburg tree. I got the feeling come next year they are going to wheel out a Black Oscar – with boner! Black Americans may demand to be in this royal parade, headed by black song&dance folks, and, black actors from the movie ‘Black Panther’! Who will lead them all, the Black King Arthur on a white steed? How about President Obama? Come time to vote, the Smart Black People will wheel out their scary juggernaut, sending Whitey to the polls, like never before! Taking advantage of the Political Limelight will put more Moral White Conservatives in office, and thus hurting more poor – black folk.

My Silverspoon friend said we are looking at the end of our Democracy. Four years ago I gave Virginia back the illegally sold Louisiana Territory. She was born with many golden spoons in her mouth. Five years ago – I read the writing on the wall! I paid the price for sticking my neck out. I don’t need the ball and chain from my Leadspoon ex-friends.

Since the fall of the House of Habsburg, we Westerners have adopted the ‘Throw the noodle on the wall’ method of owning power.  I followed Meher Baba for twenty years. Then, I realized, he was dead. Baba declared himself to be God – and Jesus Christ! Good for him! He never hurt anyone! So far Trump and his Evangelical flock, have taken a billion dollars worth of food stamps from the poor, the widow, and the alien. May the real God strike these fake people – down! There are real Biblical Laws against this, given to His Children – with His own voice! God…………spoke! Someone wrote down His words!

Jon Presco

https://winstonartgroup.com/specialists/geza-von-habsburg/

https://winstonartgroup.com/projects/sold-rembrandt/

https://rosamondpress.com/2017/12/30/my-art-dynasty/

https://rosamondpress.com/2014/12/04/virginia-hambley-is-kin-to-empress-zita-2/

https://rosamondpress.com/2013/10/07/the-larmenius-charter-and-virginia-hambley/

 

The Devotio Moderna, or Modern Devout, puzzled their contemporaries. Beginning in the 1380s in market towns along the Ijssel River of the east-central Netherlands and in the county of Holland, they formed households organized as communes and forged lives centered on private devotion. They lived on city streets alongside their neighbors, managed properties and rents in common, and worked in the textile and book trades, all the while refusing to profess vows as members of any religious order or to acquire spouses and personal property as lay citizens. They defended their self-designed style of life as exemplary and sustained it in the face of opposition, their women labeled “beguines” and their men “lollards,” both meant as derogatory terms. Yet the movement grew, drawing in women and schoolboys, priests and laymen, and spreading outward toward Münster, Flanders, and Cologne.

“Equestrian Portrait of King Philip II,” commissioned by the late pop star, who died on June 25, was sold to a German collector at the Art Basel show, said Kathy Grayson from New York’s Deitch Projects gallery.

Michael Jackson on horseback portrait sells at auction

Equestrian Portrait of King Philip II by New York-based artist Kehinde Wiley

The large portrait, which Jackson never saw in its finished form, measures 3.51 (11.5 feet) by 3.1 meters (10.1 feet), and is the work of New York-based artist Kehinde Wiley.

“I was receiving messages saying Michael Jackson wants to reach you,” said Wiley of being commissioned for the work in 2008.

“I ignored them because quite honestly I thought it was a prank,” she told the art show’s daily publication.

“Unfortunately, I didn’t have as much input as I would have hoped for, but I think it’s something he would have been proud of.”

After speaking with Jackson, Wiley sent him a number of historical paintings to base the painting on.

“I think that his idea of collaborating with me was something that he really wanted to see through,” Wiley said.

“I felt a responsibility to him to get it done (after he died),” she added.

The global economic slowdown has put the screws on lavish art sales as collectors put off laying out large sums for works, although Grayson said sales this year “were better… than in 2008.”

Devotio Moderna[edit]

The Brethren’s confraternity is the best known fruits of the “Devotio Moderna“, (the Modern Devotion), an undogmatic form of piety which some historians have argued helped to pave the road for the Protestant Reformation. In the fifteenth century, the movement spread to southern and western Germany.[4]

Windesheim Congregation[edit]

Groote, however, did not live long enough to finish the work he had begun. He died in 1384 and was succeeded by Florens Radewyns, who two years later refounded the famous monastery of Augustinian canons at Windesheim, near Zwolle, which was now the centre of the new association.

Education and activity[edit]

The Confraternity of the Common Life were in many ways similar to the Beghard and Beguine communities which had flourished two centuries earlier but were by then declining. Its members took no vows and neither asked nor received alms; their first aim was to cultivate the interior life, and they worked for their daily bread.

Books and the library were central to the communities of Brethren, whose scrupulous copies of works of piety supported their houses and put the texts in which they found spiritual sustenance in many hands. The houses of the brothers and sisters occupied themselves with literature and education, and their priests also with preaching.

When Groote began, education in the Netherlands was still rare, unlike in Italy and the southern parts of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation; the University of Leme of the schools of Liège was only a vague memory. Apart from some of the clergy who had studied at the universities and cathedral schools in Paris or in Cologne, there were few scholars in the land; even amongst the higher clergy there were many who were ignorant of the scientific study of Latin, and the ordinary burgher of the Dutch cities was quite content if, when his children left school, they were able to read and write the Medieval Low German and Diets.

Groote determined to change all that. The Brethren worked consistently in the scriptorium; afterwards, with the printing press, they were able to publish their spiritual writings widely. Among them are to be found the best works of 15th-century Flemish prose. The Brethren spared no pains to obtain good masters, if necessary from foreign countries, for their schools, which became centres of spiritual and intellectual life of the Catholic Church; amongst those whom they trained or who were associated with them were men like Thomas à Kempis, Dierick Maertens, Gabriel Biel, the physician Vesalius,[5] Jan Standonck (1454–1504), priest and reformer, Master of the Collège de Montaigu in Paris, and the Dutch Pope Adrian VI.

Martin Luther studied under the Brethren of the Common Life at Magdeburg before going on to the University of Erfurt. Another famous member of the Brethren of the Common Life was Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam. His mystical and scholarly efforts produced many works of literature. One of his greatest contributions to the Christian faith was a critical Greek New Testament (1514) which challenged the previous New Testament text translations (specifically the Vulgate). Commonly called Erasmus, he embraced ecclesiastical structure yet challenged the Augustinian view (people do not choose God, but God is the only one who brings people into grace and salvation), the nature of the human will, and the corruption and problems of the late medieval church.

Through the trade connections of the Dutch Hanseatic cities Deventer and Zwolle the ideas of the Modern devotion spread over the whole of the Hanseatic trade area. Before the fifteenth century closed, the Brethren of the Common Life had placed in all Germany and the Netherlands schools in which teaching was offered “for the love of God alone.”

Gradually the course of study, at first elementary, embraced the humanities, philosophy, and theology. The religious orders were not impressed, as the Brethren were neither monks nor friars, but they were protected by Popes Eugene IV, Pius II, and Sixtus IV. Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa had been their pupil[citation needed] and so became their staunch protector and benefactor. He was also the patron of Rudolph Agricola (Rudolf de Boer), who in his youth at Zwolle had studied under Thomas à Kempis; and through this connection the Brethren of the Common Life, through Cusa and Agricola, influenced Erasmus and other adepts in the New Learning. More than half of the crowded schools —(in 1500, Deventer had over two thousand students) were swept away in the religious troubles of the sixteenth century. Others languished until the French Revolution, while the rise of universities, the creation of diocesan seminaries, and the competition of new teaching orders gradually extinguished the schools that regarded Deventer and Windesheim as their parent establishments.

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/michael-jackson/6754566/Michael-Jackson-on-horseback-portrait-sells-at-auction.html

https://kenh789.com/news/article-5386961/Obama-artist-painted-black-women-decapitating-white-women.n.html

Philip carried several titles as heir to the Spanish kingdoms and empire, including Prince of Asturias. The newest constituent kingdom in the empire was Navarre, a realm invaded by Ferdinand II of Aragon mainly with Castilian troops (1512), and annexed to Castile with an ambiguous status (1513). War across Navarre continued until 1528 (Treaties of Madrid and Cambrai). Charles V proposed to end hostilities with King Henry II of Navarre—the legitimate monarch of Navarre—by marrying his son Philip to the heiress of Navarre, Jeanne III of Navarre. The marriage would provide a dynastic solution to instability in Navarre, making him king of all Navarre and prince of independent Béarn, as well as lord of a large part of southern France. However, the French nobility under Francis I opposed the arrangement and successfully ended the prospects of marriage between the heirs of Habsburg and Albret in 1541.

Philip, in the prime of his life, by Giacomo Antonio Moro

In his will Charles stated his doubts over Navarre and recommended that his son give the kingdom back. Both King Charles and his son Philip II failed to abide by the elective (contractual) nature of the Crown of Navarre, and took the kingdom for granted. This sparked mounting tension not only with King Henry II and Queen Jeanne III of Navarre, but also with the Parliament of the Spanish Navarre (Cortes, The Three States) and the Diputación for breach of the realm specific laws (fueros)—violation of the pactum subjectionis as ratified by Ferdinand. Tensions in Navarre came to a head in 1592 after several years of disagreements over the agenda of the intended parliamentary session.

Philip’s foreign policies were determined by a combination of Catholic fervour and dynastic objectives. He considered himself the chief defender of Catholic Europe, both against the Ottoman Turks and against the forces of the Protestant Reformation. He never relented from his fight against heresy, defending the Catholic faith and limiting freedom of worship within his territories.[11] These territories included his patrimony in the Netherlands, where Protestantism had taken deep root. Following the Revolt of the Netherlands in 1568, Philip waged a campaign against Dutch heresy and secession. It also dragged in the English and the French at times and expanded into the German Rhineland with the Cologne War. This series of conflicts lasted for the rest of his life. Philip’s constant involvement in European wars took a significant toll on the treasury and caused economic difficulties for the Crown and even bankruptcies.

In 1588, the English defeated Philip’s Spanish Armada, thwarting his planned invasion of the country to reinstate Catholicism. But war with England continued for the next sixteen years, in a complex series of struggles that included France, Ireland and the main battle zone, the Low Countries. It would not end until all the leading protagonists, including himself, had died. Earlier, however, after several setbacks in his reign and especially that of his father, Philip did achieve a decisive victory against the Turks at the Lepanto in 1571, with the allied fleet of the Holy League, which he had put under the command of his illegitimate brother, John of Austria. He also successfully secured his succession to the throne of Portugal.

 

Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. She is best known for her aggressive attempt to reverse the English Reformation, which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. The executions that marked her pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland led to her denunciation as “Bloody Mary” by her Protestant opponents.

Mary was the only child of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive to adulthood. Her younger half-brother Edward VI (son of Henry and Jane Seymour) succeeded their father in 1547 at the age of nine. When Edward became mortally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because he supposed (accurately) that she would reverse the Protestant reforms that had begun during his reign. On his death, leading politicians tried to proclaim Lady Jane Grey as queen. Mary assembled a force in East Anglia and deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. Mary was—excluding the disputed reigns of Jane and the Empress Matilda—the first queen regnant of England. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556, but she never visited Spain.

During her five-year reign, Mary had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions. After Mary’s death in 1558, her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed by her younger half-sister and successor Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry and Anne Boleyn, at the beginning of the 45-year Elizabethan Era.

Philip’s father arranged his marriage to 37-year-old Queen Mary I of England, Charles’ maternal first cousin. To elevate Philip to Mary’s rank, his father ceded the crown of Naples, as well as his claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, to him. Their marriage at Winchester Cathedral on 25 July 1554 took place just two days after their first meeting. Philip’s view of the affair was entirely political. Lord Chancellor Gardiner and the House of Commons petitioned Mary to consider marrying an Englishman, preferring Edward Courtenay.

Under the terms of the Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain, Philip was to enjoy Mary I’s titles and honours for as long as their marriage should last. All official documents, including Acts of Parliament, were to be dated with both their names, and Parliament was to be called under the joint authority of the couple. Coins were also to show the heads of both Mary and Philip.

 

Upon Mary’s death, the throne went to Elizabeth I. Philip had no wish to sever his tie with England, and had sent a proposal of marriage to Elizabeth. However, she delayed in answering, and in that time learned Philip was also considering a Valois alliance. Elizabeth I was the Protestant daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. This union was deemed illegitimate by English Catholics, who disputed the validity of both the annulment of Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon and of his subsequent marriage to Boleyn, and hence claimed that Mary, Queen of Scots, the Catholic great granddaughter of Henry VII, was the legitimate heir to the throne.

The execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1587 ended Philip’s hopes of placing a Catholic on the English throne. He turned instead to more direct plans to invade England and return the country to Catholicism. In 1588, he sent a fleet, the Spanish Armada, to rendezvous with the Duke of Parma‘s army and convey it across the English Channel. However, the operation had little chance of success from the beginning, because of lengthy delays, lack of communication between Philip II and his two commanders and the lack of a deep bay for the fleet. At the point of attack, a storm struck the English Channel, already known for its harsh currents and choppy waters, which devastated large numbers of the Spanish fleet. There was a tightly fought battle against the English Royal Navy; it was by no means a slaughter (the Spanish lost 5 ships whilst the English lost none), but the Spanish were forced into a retreat, and the overwhelming majority of the Armada was destroyed by the harsh weather. Whilst the English Royal Navy may not have destroyed the Armada at the Battle of Gravelines, they had prevented it from linking up with the army it was supposed to convey across the channel. Thus whilst the English Royal Navy may have only won a slight tactical victory over the Spanish, it had delivered a major strategic one—preventing the invasion of England.

Under Philip II, Spain reached the peak of its power. However, in spite of the great and increasing quantities of gold and silver flowing into his coffers from the American mines, the riches of the Portuguese spice trade, and the enthusiastic support of the Habsburg dominions for the Counter-Reformation, he would never succeed in suppressing Protestantism or defeating the Dutch rebellion. Early in his reign, the Dutch might have laid down their weapons if he had desisted in trying to suppress Protestantism,[citation needed] but his devotion to Catholicism would not permit him to do so. He was a devout Catholic and exhibited the typical 16th century disdain for religious heterodoxy; he said, “Before suffering the slightest damage to religion in the service of God, I would lose all of my estates and a hundred lives, if I had them, because I do not wish nor do I desire to be the ruler of heretics.”[30]

The defeat of Protestantism was always uppermost in Philip’s mind. For a while, he ruled England jointly with Queen Mary Tudor, and a reconciliation with the Catholic Church followed. Heresy trials were reestablished and hundreds of Protestants burned at the stake.

 

Margaret had received a fine education. She played several instruments, was well read and wrote poetry. Her court at Mechelen was visited by the great humanists of her time, including Erasmus, Adrian of Utrecht (later Pope Adrian VI), and Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa.[8][9] Agrippa dedicated his (arguably) feminist work Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex, which later became widely influential, to Margaret.[10] She possessed a rich library, consisting mostly of missals, historical and ethical treatises (which included the works of Christine de Pizan) and poetry. It included the famous illuminated Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry.[11] She ordered several splendid music manuscripts from Pierre Alamire[12] to send them as gifts to members and her family and to her political relations, and possessed several Chansonniers herself.[13] They contained works by Josquin des Prez, Johannes Ockeghem, Jacob Obrecht and Pierre de la Rue, who was her favourite composer. She kept several painters at her court, including the Master of the Legend of the Magdalen and Pieter van Coninxloo.

Margaret had one of the earliest collections of objects from the New World which she displayed at her Palace of Savoy in Mechelen. Hernando Cortes had presented Margaret’s nephew, Charles V, with treasures received from the Aztec King Moctezuma in 1519 and in 1523, Margaret received several of these treasures as a gift from Charles. [14]

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_of_Austria,_Duchess_of_Savoy

 

http://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/2018/03/05/abc-star-jimmy-kimmels-divisive-politically-charged-oscars-could-be-least-watched-in-history.html

 

The sharp decline marks what could become the lowest-rated Oscars of all time on a night when host Jimmy Kimmel and the crowd of Hollywood elite focused on diversity, feminism and political issues as much as it focused on the films being honored.

The lack of high-wattage stars in the major categories, as well as a ho-hum slate of films when it came to box office receipts, may have also been a factor.

Media Research Center Vice President Dan Gainor told Fox News viewers shouldn’t be surprised that the show turned political and featured “divisive, left-wing politics” throughout the four-hour event.

The Tinseltown elite genuinely hate the people they expect will pay to see their movies and watch their TV shows,” Gainor said. “Why do we support them?”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_II_of_Spain

Charles was born in 1500 as the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna of Castile in the Flemish city of Ghent, which was part of the Habsburg Netherlands.[8] The culture and courtly life of the Burgundian Low Countries were an important influence in his early life. He was tutored by William de Croÿ (who would later become his first prime minister), and also by Adrian of Utrecht (later Pope Adrian VI). It is said that Charles spoke several vernacular languages: he was fluent in French and Dutch, later adding an acceptable Castilian Spanish (which Charles called the “divine language”[9]) required by the Castilian Cortes Generales as a condition for becoming King of Castile. He also gained a decent command of German (in which he was not fluent prior to his election), though he never spoke it as well as French.[10] A witticism sometimes attributed to Charles is: “I speak Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men and German to my horse.” A variant of the quote is attributed to him by Swift in his 1726 Gulliver’s Travels, but there are many other variants and it is often attributed instead to Frederick the Great.[11]

From his Burgundian ancestors he inherited an ambiguous relationship with the Kings of France. Charles shared with France his mother tongue and many cultural forms. In his youth he made frequent visits to Paris, then the largest city of Western Europe. In his words: “Paris is not a city, but a world” (Lutetia non urbs, sed orbis). He was betrothed to both Louise and Charlotte of Valois, daughters of King Francis I of France, but they both died in childhood. Charles also inherited the tradition of political and dynastic enmity between the royal and the Burgundian ducal lines of the Valois dynasty. Charles was very attached to the Burgundian Low Countries where he had been raised. These lands were very rich and contributed significantly to the wealth of the Empire. He also spent much time there, mainly in Brussels. This stands in contrast with the attitude of his son Philip who only visited the Low Countries once.

Charles was the son of Philip I the Handsome, king of Castile, and Joan the Mad. His paternal grandparents were the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I and Mary, duchess of Burgundy, and his maternal grandparents were Isabella I and Ferdinand II, the Roman Catholic king and queen of Spain. After his father’s death in 1506, Charles was raised by his paternal aunt Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands. His spiritual guide was the theologian Adrian of Utrecht (later Pope Adrian VI), a member of the devotio moderna, a religious and educational reform movement promoting literacy among the masses.

Devotio Moderna, or Modern Devotion, was a movement for religious reform, calling for apostolic renewal through the rediscovery of genuine pious practices such as humility, obedience, and simplicity of life. It began in the late fourteenth-century, largely through the work of Gerard Groote,[1][2] and flourished in the Low Countries and Germany in the fifteenth century, but came to an end with the Protestant Reformation.[2] It is most known today through its influence on Thomas à Kempis, the author of The Imitation of Christ, a book which proved highly influential for centuries.[1]

 

The Brethren of the Common Life (Latin: Fratres Vitae Communis, FVC) was a Roman Catholic pietist religious community founded in the Netherlands in the 14th century by Gerard Groote, formerly a successful and worldly educator who had had a religious experience and preached a life of simple devotion to Jesus Christ. Without taking up irrevocable vows, the Brethren[1] banded together in communities, giving up their worldly goods to live chaste and strictly regulated lives in common houses, devoting every waking hour to attending divine service, reading and preaching of sermons, labouring productively, and taking meals in common that were accompanied by the reading aloud of Scripture: “judged from the ascetic discipline and intention of this life, it had few features which distinguished it from life in a monastery”, observes Hans Baron.[2]

 

https://winstonartgroup.com/specialists/geza-von-habsburg/

 

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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