The Fremont family spent much time in Europe. I believe Elizabeth Fremont burned the reason why. John and Jessie had a bodyguard made up of foreigners. They feared a foreign invasion, and Lincoln was aware of this;
“President knew we were on the eve of England, France and Spain recognizing the South: they were anxious for a pretext to do so; England on account of her cotton interests, and France because the Emperor dislikes us.”
Above is a photo of Germans reenacting Civil War battles. This is because 200,000 Germans fought in this bloody war. Many of them were Turners. My Prussian and German ancestors were Turners in the Bay Area and had to know what role they would play before my kindred in South Carolina went to war with the Union.
I suspect Carl Janke was part of an effort to make California a colony of the German Unification, if not the Liberal Prussian Capital of a revolt that was taking place throughout Europe led by the Forty-Eighters who made up the Radical Republicans, who nominated John Fremont as their first candidate for office of President of the United States. Lincoln could not have become President without the Germans who must have backed the Fourteenth Amendment so their children could be recognized Citizens of the U.S.A.
In Sunshine magazine, Jessie Fremont says Britain was getting ready to import (deport) thousands of pesky Irish Catholics to California, who could be made into an army to fight for the Confederacy. If the Union fell, I suspect Fremont was prepared to declare a Nation of the West, and launch a European front to defeat the foreign allies of Slave Masters Consider ISIS Slave Masters recruiting Europeans to come take young girls slaves, and rape them. Mary Confederate Generals raped young black slaves.
When Janke brought six portable house around the Cape and erected them in Belmont, it is said he did so to provide housing for gold miners who struck it rich. But gold had not been discovered. I believe these homes were made for leaders of the Prussian Unification and founding of the Prussian State of California and a United West, that was not a part of the Union. I suspect John Fremont gave much of his gold to this Nation Building.
Donald Trumps grandfather came from German and appeals to the racism of whites. He promises to force Mexico to build His Wall along the California border with Mexico. Is he forgetting that the Republican Neo-Confederate Conspiracy is for the strengthening of State Rights? Perhaps a reporter should remind him, and, suggest his desire for a Wall of Triumph be approved by California Voters.
Let me give a special shout-out to Hayato Tokugawa who removed my post ‘Trump – Get Out’ from his San Francsico Politics FB group I was invited to join. He got me banned from this group, and possibly from the ‘California History’ group I belonged to where I just posted photos of the Rosamond sisters and informed this group my sister was a famous artist. Hayato is a cartoonist and author, who did a painting of the Lone Cypress. This couple seem to enjoy dual citizenship. I consider this a cyber-attack. Hayato will be in my book ‘Capturing Beauty’. Does he know Minuro Isutani who owned Pebble Beach Golf Course and the Lone Cypress? Did Hayota pay his fee in order to paint the cypress that my kindred, Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, made famous in the movie ‘National Velvet’.
I am going to found a new Vigilante Committee in order to thwart these usurpers of our American Culture. I challenge this ex-cop to a debate. Obviously he wanted to be the big shot artist and writer in town, and he and his wife the ruling Creative Family. Remember Pearl Harbor – and Ellwood! Japan used American soldiers as slave labor, and made slaves of other peoples they conquered.
For an artist to censor and blackball another artist, betrays all Creative Codes – and angers the Muses! I think Hayota is good with a bamboo stick. His paint brush falls short. His spiny finger on the delete button, is his BIG MOUTH!
I appeal to all German-American to not support the Fascist and Racist rant of Donald Trump, and look to the Turners for political and moral guidance.
After Carter announced his cancer had spread, Fox News sent a negative tweet about his presidency, “Our country has not been as aimless & lost as it is today since, I think, Jimmy Carter.” Taking the criticism ever further was conservative commentator Debbie Schlussel, who tweeted out “A cancer has a cancer. Oops, I mean Jimmy Carter has cancer. Same diff.” Jimmy Carter
- Hayato Tokugawa, a former San Francisco police officer, is a well-known journalist, editor of books on Japan, author, artist, and photographer. He and his wife, noted illustrator and writer Aoi Tokugawa make their home in both San Francisco and in Japan.
New from East Meets West Fine Arts this week is this moody, shin-hanga print based on an original oil painting by H. Tokugawa of the famed “Lone Cypress” on the Monterey Coast of California. Visit us for framed wall art, posters, greeting cards and other home decor items featuring this great painting, in our “What’s New” section at:…
The Bombardment of Ellwood during World War II was a naval attack by a Japanese submarine against United States coastal targets near Santa Barbara, California. Though damage was minimal, the event was key in triggering the West Coast invasion scare and influenced the decision to intern Japanese-Americans. The event also marked the first shelling of the North American mainland during the conflict.
German-Americans in the American Civil War were the largest ethnic contingent to fight for the Union. More than 200,000 native Germans served in the Union Army, notably from New York and Ohio. Thousands also served in the Confederacy, being primarily descended from Pennsylvania German ancestors who had migrated to the Carolinas in the 18th century and early 19th century, along with Swabian, Swiss, and Austrian immigrants who arrived directly in the South.
Another famous German American, George Armstrong Custer, fought against the Confederate cavalry of Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Heros von Borcke at Hanover and Hunterstown, on the way to the main event at Gettysburg.
The widespread – mainly German – revolutions of 1848–49 sought unification of Germany under a single constitution. The revolutionaries pressured various state governments, particularly those in the Rhineland, for a parliamentary assembly that would have the responsibility to draft a constitution. Ultimately, many of the left-wing revolutionaries hoped this constitution would establish universal male suffrage, a permanent national parliament, and a unified Germany, possibly under the leadership of the Prussian king. This seemed to be the most logical course since Prussia was the strongest of the German states, as well as the largest in geographic size. Generally, center-right revolutionaries sought some kind of expanded suffrage within their states and potentially, a form of loose unification. Their pressure resulted in a variety of elections, based on different voting qualifications, such as the Prussian three-class franchise, which granted to some electoral groups — chiefly the wealthier, landed ones — greater representative power.
On 27 March 1849, the Frankfurt Parliament passed the Paulskirchenverfassung (Constitution of St. Paul’s Church) and offered the title of Kaiser (Emperor) to the Prussian king Frederick William IV the next month. He refused for a variety of reasons. Publicly, he replied that he could not accept a crown without the consent of the actual states, by which he meant the princes. Privately, he feared opposition from the other German princes and military intervention from Austria or Russia. He also held a fundamental distaste for the idea of accepting a crown from a popularly elected parliament: he would not accept a crown of “clay”.
Immigrants of the nineteenth century had generally shunned slavery and the areas where it was prevalent. Without showing a particular fondness for Blacks, most Germans were appalled by “the peculiar Institution” and could not reconcile its existence with the lofty ideals of America. Yet there were few German abolitionists before politically articulate Forty-Eighters made emancipation their own cause. These men, in the forthright manner of crusaders, unhampered by considerations of the practical politics of compromise, stumped the backwoods and beerhalls of Missouri, Wisconsin and Iowa to enlist German votes for the new Republican Party. Many formerly Democratic stalwarts of an earlier wave of immigration joined in this new movement. John Bernhard Stallo, an Oldenburg-born judge in Cincinnati, Gustav Koerner, Lieutenant Governor of Illinois, and Frederick Muench, pioneer “Latin farmer” in Missouri, all threw their energies into local campaigns.
The new German wing of the Republican Party initially favored New Yorker William Seward for the presidency in 1860. But it willingly followed Abraham Lincoln after he endorsed a liberal homestead law and an anti-nativist “Dutch plank,” written by Forty-Eighter Carl Schurz, a member of the platform committee. The party was well aware of the crucial importance of the German vote in many localities. Abraham Lincoln shrewdly bought the German newspaper Illinois Staatsanzeiger, press and all, before he set out for the national convention in Chicago and the Republicans employed German orators to stress German issues throughout the campaign.
The election campaign of 1860 was an unusual one, of course, because not only the presidency, but the very existence of the nation was in question. German audiences, even Catholics and other loyal Democrats, were generally receptive to arguments in favor of national unity. Of the 265 German language newspapers in the country in 1860, only three -all Southern weeklies- favored secession.
When secession, and later, hostilities ensued, President Lincoln’s calls for volunteers met an enthusiastic response among German-Americans, especially from well-trained Turner and rifle clubs, whose members were among the first to report for duty. Turners and students of St. Louis’ Humboldt Institute, the medical school founded by Forty-Eighter Adam Hammer, sped into action even before the call to arms, saving the local arsenal from takeover by Southern sympathizers. Turners from Washington, D.C., were among the first to man the defenses of the capital and the colorful United Turner Rifles, the Twentieth New York Regiment, quickly marched off to its first assignment. Some 6,000 German volunteers in New York, another 6,000 in Illinois and 4,000 in Pennsylvania enlisted immediately. Boston quickly dispatched two companies. Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa and, above all, Ohio sent large contingents. Some rural sections In the Midwest, especially in Wisconsin, were less ready to contribute troops, but these were the exception. German communities, in general, staged elaborate farewell ceremonies for their fighting men, not least because they wanted to demonstrate German participation in the war to those who had so recently been questioning their Americanism.
SPAN200 by Klaus Wurst and Norbert Muehlen. Published in behalf of Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, Stuttgart
What about Germany?
If it suits the Presidents convenience will he name a time this evening to receive them — or at some early hour tomorrow.”10 President Lincoln told her to come “Now”. Judge Edward Cowles escorted the short distance from Willard’s Hotel to the White House, where they were show into the Red Room near midnight. It was a cold confrontation, as Mrs. Frémont related it. She gave him the letter from her husband, which the President read. “I have written to the General and he knows what I want done,” responded Mr. Lincoln to which Mrs. Frémont said that her husband “feels he is at the great disadvantage of being opposed by people in whom you have every confidence.” She later recounted the conversation:
‘Who do you mean?’ he said, ‘Persons of differing views?’ I answered: ‘The General’s conviction is that it will be long and dreadful work to conquer by arms alone, that there must be other consideration to get us the support of foreign countries – that he knew the English feeling for gradual emancipation and the strong wish to meet it on the part of important men in the South: that as the President knew we were on the eve of England, France and Spain recognizing the South: they were anxious for a pretext to do so; England on account of her cotton interests, and France because the Emperor dislikes us.’ The President said ‘You are quite a female politician.’
I felt the sneering tone and saw there was a foregone decision against all listening. Then the President spoke more rapidly and unrestrainedly: ‘The General ought not to have done it; he never would have done it if he had consulted Frank Blair; I sent Frank there to advise him and to keep me advised about the work the true condition of things then, and how they were going.’ The President went on almost angrily – ‘Frank never would have let him do it – the General should never have dragged the negro into the war. It is a war for a great national object and the negro has nothing to do with it.’11
Mrs. Frémont not only delivered a letter from her husband about military developments, but attempted to argue at length the political reasons for his order emancipating slaves in his theater of the Civil War. When she pressed for an answer to the general letters, President Lincoln responded, according to her” Maybe by to-morrow…I have a great deal to do – to-morrow if possible, or the next day.” She said she would call for the letter but he insisted he would send it to her at Willard’s hotel. The President told John Hay two years later: “She sought an audience with me at midnight and taxed me so violently with many things that I had to exercise all the awkward tact I have to avoid quarreling with her. She surprised me by asking why their enemy, Montgy Blair, had been sent to Missouri. She more than once intimated that if Gen. Fremont should conclude to try conclusions with me he could set up himself.”12
German-American army units
Approximately 516,000 Union soldiers, or 23.4% of all Union soldiers, were immigrants; about 216,000 of these were born in Germany. New York supplied the largest number of these native-born Germans with 36,000. Behind the Empire State came Wisconsin with 30,000 and Ohio with 20,000.
Scores of individual regiments, such as the 9th Ohio, 74th Pennsylvania, 32nd Indiana (1st German), and the 9th Wisconsin Infantry, consisted entirely of German Americans. Major recruiting efforts aimed at German Americans were conducted in Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Milwaukee, among many other cities.
New York and Ohio each provided ten divisions dominated by German-born men.
Commonly referred to as “Dutchmen” by other Union soldiers, and “lopeared Dutch” by Confederates, German-American units in general earned a reputation for discipline.
German-American commanders of note
A popular Union commander and native German, Major General Franz Sigel was the highest ranking German-American officer in the Union Army, with many Germans enlisting to “fight mit Sigel.” Sigel was a political appointment of President Abraham Lincoln, who hoped that Sigel’s immense popularity would help deliver the votes of the increasingly important German segment of the population. He was a member of the Forty-Eighters, a political movement of the revolutions in German states that led to thousands of Germans emigrating to the United States. These included such future Civil War officers as Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz, Brig. Gen. August Willich, Louis Blenker, Max Weber, and Alexander Schimmelfennig.
Schurz was part of the politico-social movement in America known as the Turners, who contributed to getting Lincoln elected as President. The Turners provided the bodyguard at Lincoln’s inauguration on March 4, 1861, and also at Lincoln’s funeral in April 1865.
Other prominent n generals included Edward S. Salomon, Frederick C. Salomon, August Kautz, Felix Salm-Salm, and Peter Osterhaus. Hundreds of German-born officers led regiments during the war, including Col. Gustav Tafel, Col. Paul A. Frank, Col. Friedrich Hecker, Col. Leopold von Gilsa, and Maj. Jurgen Wilson. Among the very best Union artillerists was German-born Capt. Hubert Dilger, who had been trained at the Karlsruhe Military Academy.
Veteran Prussian military officer Heros von Borcke slipped through the Union blockade into Charleston Harbor and eventually became one of Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart‘s closest confidants and his Chief of Staff and Adjutant. In 1866, he became one of the few former Confederate officers to fight in the Austro-Prussian War.
While trying to unify the various German states under its banner, Prussia was involved in the American Civil War. There were several members of the military elite of Prussia that served as both officers and enlisted men in both armies. There were also official military observers sent to the North American continent to observe the tactics of both armies, which were later studied by future military leaders of Prussia and unified Germany.
Among the effects Prussia had on the war was the new saddle used by the Union cavalry: Union General George McClellan had studied Prussian saddles and used them as a basis for his McClellan saddle.
- 1848: Revolts across the German Confederation, such as in Berlin, Dresden and Frankfurt, forced King Frederick William IV of Prussia to grant a constitution to the Confederation. In the meantime, the Frankfurt Parliament was set up in 1848 and attempted to proclaim a united Germany, but this was refused by William IV. The question of a united Germany under the Kleindeutsch solution (to exclude Austria) or the so-called Großdeutsch (to include Austria) began to surface.
- 1861: King Wilhelm I became King of Prussia and he appointed Otto von Bismarck as the Chancellor, who favoured a ‘blood-and-iron’ policy to create a united Germany under the leadership of Prussia.
A common language may have been seen to serve as the basis of a nation, but as contemporary historians of 19th-century Germany noted, it took more than linguistic similarity to unify these several hundred polities. The experience of German-speaking Central Europe during the years of French hegemony contributed to a sense of common cause to remove the French invaders and reassert control over their own lands.
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Viva La Bama!