Another castle in the Bourmont line.
The Château de Brissac is a noble mansion in the commune of Brissac-Quincé, in the département of Maine-et-Loire, France. It was originally built as a castle by the Counts of Anjou in the 11th century. After the victory over the English by Philip II of France, he gave the property to Guillaume des Roches. (the castle got the name Brissac from one of its owners The Duke of Brissac)
In the 15th century, the structure was rebuilt by Pierre de Brézé, a wealthy chief minister to King Charles VII. During the reign (1515–47) of Francis I, the property was acquired by René de Cossé, who the king named as governor of Anjou and Maine.
House of Cossé-Brissac
An article from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Cossé-Brissac)
Go to: Navigation, Search
For disambiguation, see Cossé and Brissac.
Arms of the family: de Cossé-Brissac
Sable three gold fasces, serrated bottom
XVe -century XXIe century
Country or province of origin
Maine and Anjou
Kingdom of France
Château de Brissac
Great Pablo of France
Grand Falconer of France
Function (s) member (s)
Marshal of France
Grand Master of the artillery
De Cossé-Brissac (home of Chris with the title of Duke of Brissac) is a surviving family of French nobility.
It has four marshals of France, generals, peer of France, six Knights of the Holy Spirit, two Governors of Paris, with large bodyguard of France, the great Falconer of France, three bishops, as well as a politician in the French Fifth Republic .
1.1 Main members
1.2 Family tree
1.3 . The Brissac princes of Robech (1860-1951)
1.4 Related articles
2 Notes and references
History[Edit | change the code]
This family is most illustrious than ancient because its evidence of nobility dates back to 1492. However, there is of Cossé well before, without knowing however if it is a single family, which first lived circa 1040 (Fiacre de Cossé was in 1180 close to King Philippe Auguste). But this family became especially known from XVIe century.
The Cossé-Brissac are native to Mayenne. They owned seigneuries as Cossé-en-Champagne, Mee (or Menil), or even the Château de Craon that they sold to allow one of their daughters to found a convent in the last century. Then thee century XVthey went down in Anjou, served the Queen Jeanne de Laval and acquired the seigneury of Brissac, with the Castle, to the Brézé family. They have been fixed in Anjou. By marriage they acquired several Lordships Brittany as assigned, Coëtmen (Barony) and Malestroit.
The family motto is Virtute Tempore (courage and time).
She received the title of Duke (and hand) of Brissac in 1611. Some of its members carried the title of Duke of Cossé (sometimes in title waiting for Duke of Brissac) as well as the Spanish title of prince of Robech received by a marriage in 1817 and at the Lévis-Mirepoix in 1925 following a marriage of 1906.
Key members[Edit | change the code]
Charles i. of Cossé (1507-1564), count of Brissac, Marshal of France in 1550 ;
Artus de Cossé-Brissac (1512-1582), Lord of Gonnord and count of Secondigny (died 1582), Marshal of France in 1567 ;
Timoléon de Cossé (1543-1569), French soldier;
Charles II of Chris (1562-1626), first Duke of Brissac, peer of France, Henry IV gave him the baton of Marshal of France;
Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé-Brissac (1698-1780), seventh Duke of Brissac, Marshal of France in 1768 ;
Louis Hercule Timoléon de Cossé-Brissac (1734-1792), eighth Duke of Brissac, Governor of Paris, colonel of the cent-Suisses ;
Charles de Cossé – Brissac (1904-1990), general director of the historical Service of the army.
Elvire de Brissac, writer.
Philippe de Cossé-Brissac (died 1548), Bishop of Coutances, grand almoner of France ;
Louis Joseph Timoléon de Cossé (1733-1759), Duke of Cossé;
Arthus Hugues Gabriel Timoléon (1790-1857), comte de Cossé-Brissac, Knight of the order of the Kingfirst pannetier from France;
Stone of Christopher Briscoe (1900-1993), polytechnician, artillery officer and industrialist, president of the Jockey Club.
François de Cossé-Brissac, president of the Jockey Club and grand master Emeritus of themilitary and hospital of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem ;
Charles-Henri de Cossé-Brissac (1936-2003), Senator and president of the conseil Général of Loire-Atlantique.
During the war of Algeria, theAbbé de Cossé-Brissac, priest of theChurch Saint-Michel in Dijon, became known for his denunciation of theuse of torture by the French army , which he termed “collective sin”.
Family tree[Edit | change the code]
o Thibaud de Cossé
o René de Cossé de Brissac
o Charles Ier de Cossé de Brissac
o Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac 1545-1569
o Charles II de Cossé de Brissac, 1er duc de Brissac 1562-1626
o François de Cossé de Brissac, 2e duc de Brissac 1585-1651
o Louis de Cossé de Brissac, 3e duc de Brissac 1625-1661
o Henri-Albert de Cossé de Brissac, 4e duc de Brissac 1645-1698
o Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac 1625 ou 1626-1675
o Artus Timoléon Louis de Cossé de Brissac, 5e duc de Brissac 1668-1709
o Charles T. L. de Cossé de Brissac, 6e duc de Brissac 1693-1732
o Catherine 1724-1794 épouse de Louis de Noailles
o Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac, 7e duc de Brissac 1698-1780
o Louis Joseph Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac 1733-1759
o Louis-Hercule de Cossé de Brissac, 8e duc de Brissac 1734-1792
o Adélaïde de Cossé de Brissac 1765-1820
mère de Casimir de Mortemart
o René-Hugues de Cossé de Brissac 1702-1754
o Hyacinthe Hugues Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac 1746-1813
o Augustin, 9e duc de Brissac 1775-1848
o Timoléon, 10e duc de Brissac 1813-1888
o Roland, marquis de Brissac 1843-1871
o François, 11e duc de Brissac 1868-1944
o Roland 1898-1936
o Pierre, 12e duc de Brissac 1900-1993
o François de Cossé de Brissac, 13e duc de Brissac né en 1929
o Charles-André, né en 1962, marquis de Brissac
o Laszlo, né en 1994
o Elvire de Brissac, romancière née en 1939
o Diane épouse le prince Ernest de Ligne
o Charles de Cossé de Brissac
o Désiré de Cossé de Brissac 1793-1870
o Henri Charles Anne Marie Timoléon de Cossé de Brissac 1822-1887
o Clotilde de Cossé de Brissac 1824-1866
o Marie Berthe de Cossé de Brissac 1825-1896
o Fernand de Cossé de Brissac 1826-1905
o Artus de Cossé-Brissac
The Brissac princes of Robech (1860-1951)[Edit | change the code]
1844-1860 : Désiré Emmanuel Louis Michel Timoléon Hélie  (3 July 1793 – Moussy-le-Vieux † 23 April 1870 – ParisVIIE), count of Brissac, aide-de-camp to the Duke of Bordeaux, 10e Robech prince of Spain by 1re class, husband of the previous:
1860-1887 : Henri Charles Anne Marie Timoléon (13 August 1822 – Paris † 6 August 1887 – Paramé (Ille-et-Vilaine)), count of Brissac, 11e prince of Robech, married on 26 April 1851 with Louise Marie Mathea (24 February 1829 – Alais (Gard) † 26 November 1914 – Paris), daughter of Louis Michel Illide of calf of Robiac, officer staff, general counsel and Member of the Gard, Mayor of Robiac, Knight of the Legion of honor (June 1796 † 15 July 1864), including:
1887-1925 : Louis Henri Timoléon (21 April 1852 – Paris – 17 October 1925 – Paris), count of Brissac, 12e prince of Robech, officer.
Without union, nor posterity, the title of prince of Robech happening to her niece Marie Jeanne Henriette Elisabeth de Cossé-Brissac (1884-1951), daughter of his younger brother Charles Timoléon Anne Marie de Cossé-Brissac (18 January 1856 – Paris † 15 June 1899 – Paris), count of Brissac.
1925-1951 : Marie Jeanne Henriette Elisabeth de Cossé-Brissac (8 July 1884 – Brestot † 17 December 1951 – Paris), 13e Princess of Robech, married on 11 June 1906 in Paris, with Guy (11 March 1879 – Paris † 12 March 1940 – Château de La Morosiere), County of Lévis-Mirepoix, which a son.
Related articles[Edit | change the code]
Duke of Brissac
Prince of Pune
Château de Brissac
Elvire de Brissac has the castle ofApremont-sur-Allier
Remaining families of the French nobility
The Craon family was a French noble house, known to date back to the 11th century, originating in Craon in the Mayenne region of Anjou, northern France.
Its most famous member is Pierre de Craon, and its last representative governed Burgundy for a time under Louis XI, after the death of Charles le Téméraire. When the Craon family died out, the Beauvau family took the title of Craon since one of its members had married the heir to that name. Jeanne de Craon, dying at the birth of her son Jean IV de Beauvau, demanded that he take the arms of the Craon family.
Amaury I of Craon was the youngest of the three sons of Maurice II de Craon (1132-1196) and Isabelle de Beaumont-le-Roger. He had four sisters of whom Havoise de Craon (1175-1251) was also the eldest child.
In 1207, he succeeded, as Lord of Craon, his brother Maurice III de Craon (1165-1207) deceased that year. His other brother, Pierre, as an ecclesiastic was excluded from the title.
In 1212, he married Jeanne des Roches, daughter of Seneschal of Anjou, Guillaume des Roches and Marguerite de Sablé.
Military career[edit source | editbeta]
The 2 July 1214, he fought alongside the future King of France, Louis VIII at the Battle of Roche-au-Moines, which saw a French victory, thanks to the decisive action of his father-in-law, Guillaume des Roches against the English troops of “Jean sans Terre” John, King of England.
From 1218 to 1219, he participated alongside the King of France, Philippe Auguste, in the Albigensian Crusade.
In 1222, following the death of Guillaume des Roches, Amaury took the title of sénéchal of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. He was thus confronted with the pretension of Pierre Mauclerc, Peter I, Duke of Brittany, who had his sights on Anjou. In 1223, he seized Châteaubriant and La Guerche-de-Bretagne belonging to the domain of Pouancé, but he could not take the Castle of Pouancé. Alerted, Pierre Mauclerc came to the rescue and surprised Amaury’s exhausted troops. Routed, Amaury was taken prisoner. A large ransom was demanded from his subjects for his liberation. Freed the same year, Amaury rejoined the new King Louis VIII at Compiègne.
Death and succession[edit source | editbeta]
Amaury I died on 2 May 1226. He was buried in La Roë Abbey. His wife, Jeanne des Roches, became guardian of their son Maurice IV de Craon (1213-1250), future Seneschal of Anjou. She took the title of sénéchal of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. In 1227, she rendered homage to the new young King of France; Louis IX, better known under the name of Saint Louis, aged only thirteen years. She retained the role of Seneschal until the end of her days about 1240/1241 when the title passed to her son, Maurice.
The House of Beauvau is a very old family fromAnjou, titular for several centuries of the seigneurie de Beauvau (Maine-et-Loire) ; of knightly extraction, it traced its evidence of nobility until 1265. It split into two main branches, the Beauvau du Rivau and the Beauvau-Craon, who made career under the Kings of France but also under the Dukes of Lorraine.
2 Branch of Beauvau du Rivau
3 Branch of Beauvau-Craon
3.1 List of the princes of Beauvau-Craon
3.2 Descendants of mark, 1er prince of Beauvau-Craon
3.3 Descent of Charles, 4e prince of Beauvau-Craon
4 Notes and references
5.1 Related articles
5.2 External links
Origins[Edit | change the code]
Related to the counts of Anjou, the Beauvau spent at the service of the Kings of France in the XIIIe century, and the Dukes of Lorraine at the end of the middle ages. In 1454, Isabeau de Beauvau (daughter of Louis de Beauvau) married Jean VIII de Bourbon, count of Vendôme ; Isabeau is the trisaieule of King Henri IV, and the Beauvau family was thus recognize the title prestigious cousin of the King, reserved for the few families with an alliance with the House of France, by Louis XIV, then officially by Louis XV in 1739.
The main members of the family include:
René de Beauvau, who accompanied Charles d’Anjou in 1226 to the conquest of the Kingdom of Naples, and became his Constable.
Louis de Beauvau (1409-1462) who was Seneschal of Anjou.
Bertrand de Beauvau (1382-1474), who played a leading role at the Court of Charles VII.
Jean de Beauvau (d.1479), Bishop of Angers in 1451, filed in 1467, and then reinstated in 1469.
François de Beauvau (died1524), Captain of François Ier .
Henri de Beauvau, Ambassador of the Duke of Lorraine at the Court of Rome at the end of the XVIe century.
Gabriel Henri de Beauvau, marquis of Beauvau, County Crissé, Lord of Montgauger.
Gabrielle Elisabeth de Beauvau daughter of Gabriel Henri and Marie Madeleine de Brancas, married on 17 April 1738 Joseph François Louis de Pardieu (1711-1788), ( AvremesnilCounty) including a son Louis Elisabeth de Pardieu, colonel of the regiment of grenadiers from France.
Beauvau du Rivau branch[Edit | change the code]
Mathieu II de Beauvau (?-1421), from a cadet branch, received the lordship of the Bentley which was first used to refer to this branch. His son Pierre de Beauvau (?-1453), in 1438 , 2nd Lord of the Bentley, first Chamberlain to Charles VII, married Anne de Fontenay, dame du rivau, which brought this Lordship in the family of Beauvau and the Château du Rivau in Anjou , which he remained until 1685. The lordship of the Rivau was erected in marquisate of Beauvau du Rivau in 1664 by Louis XIV in favour of Jacques III de Beauvau, Lord of the Rivau, and she served since to refer to this branch.
The Beauvau du Rivau Branch made strain in Brittany and gave two bishops in Nantes. She counted including:
Gabriel de Beauvau du Rivau, Bishop of Nantes from 1635 to 1668.
Gilles Jean-François de Beauvau du Rivau, Bishop of Nantes from 1679 to 1717, nephew of the former.
Pierre François de Beauvau du Rivau, Bishop of Sarlat of 1688 to 1701.
René François de Beauvau du Rivau (1664-1739), Archbishop of Toulouse and of Narbonne, nephew of the former.
Beauvau-Craon branch[Edit | change the code]
Jean IV de Beauvau (1421-1503), Lord of Beauvau and Sermaise in Anjou, inherited her mother Jeanne de Craon the lordship of Craon (Mayenne), and began the Beauvau-Craonbranch. By becoming his wife, baron of Manonvillelaw, he also established this new branch in Lorraine.
On the death of René II de Beauvau (grandson of the above) in 1548, his sons have shared heritage: Claude (died 1597) continued the branch of the Lords of Beauvau, Manonville barons, Lords of Noviant, Tremblecourt, etc., and acquired the lordship of Fléville by his marriage with Nicole de Lutzelbourg . Alophe started the branch of the barons of Rorte (or Rorthey(, acquired by their grandfather Pierre II de Beauvau Lordship), and Jean began one of the Lords of Panges (seigneurie inherited from their mother).
Henry II (1610-1683) was created Marquess of Beauvau by Louis XIV in 1664. His grandson and successor Marc (1679-1754), marquis of Beauvau Craon (1712), also received the marquisate ofHaroué of the Leopold Duke of Lorraine , and built the Castle (or Palace) of Haroué next to the ancient castle of François de Bassompierre. He was made prince of the Holy Roman Empire and created 1st prince of Craon by the Emperor in 1722.
The 2nd prince, Charles just de Beauvau-Craon, had married the daughter of the Duke of Bouillon, which had rank of foreign prince (en) to the Court of France, and Louis XV in 1745 acknowledged the use of the title of prince in the Beauvau-Craonwhich were thus admitted to the honours of the Court in 1775.
The princes also possessed the Castle of Sainte-seat at Seine-Port (Seine-et-Marne) from 1827 to 1922.
Examples in addition to the princes:
Marie Françoise Catherine de Beauvau-Craon (1711-1787), daughter of 1er prince, Marchioness of Boufflers, mistress of King Stanislas Ier
List of princes of Beauvau-Craon[Edit | change the code]
1. 1722-1754 : Marc de Beauvau-Craon (1679-1754), 1er prince of Beauvau, Viceroy, administrator of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
2. 1754-1793 : Charles just de Beauvau-Craon (1720-1793), 2e prince of Beauvau, Marshal of France. It gave its name to theHôtel de Beauvau, place Beauvau in Paris, where today sits the Ministry of the Interior, where he was the tenant of 1770 about until his death.
3. 1793-1849 : Marc Étienne Gabriel de Beauvau-Craon (1773-1849), 3e prince of Beauvau, Chamberlain of Napoleon Ier .
4. 1849-1864 : Charles de Beauvau-Craon (1793-1864), 4e prince of Beauvau, son of the previous, military and French Senator.
5. 1864-1883 : Marc de Beauvau-Craon (1816-1883), 5e prince of Beauvau, Seine-et-Marne MP, son of the former.
6. 1883-1942 : Charles-Louis de Beauvau-Craon (1878-1942), 6e prince of Beauvau.
7. 1942-1982 : Marc de Beauvau-Craon (1921-1982), 7e and last prince of Beauvau, son of the previous.