The Chateaus of the Anjou Legitimists who grow grapes and make wine while they wait for the return of the French Monarchy.
The Château de Bourmont is located in the commune of Freigné in the Department of Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France.
The La Tour-Landry, then mesh of La Tour-Landry held the lands of Bourmont since XIVe century. By the alliance in 1691, Marie-Hélène de Maillé de La Tour – Landry (1670-1752) with Marie-Henry, count of Ghaisne (1662-1710), it passes to the family of Ghaisne de Bourmont, to which it still belongs.
In 1773, the Château de Bourmont is the place of birth of Louis Auguste Victor de Ghaisne de Bourmont, author of the taken of Algiers in 1830. Conquest by which it will be made Marshal of France.
In 1795, during the chouannerie, the Viscount of Scepaux established his headquarters.
Claire Clémence de Maillé-Brézé (25 February 1628 – 16 April 1694) was a French noblewoman from the Brézé family and a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. She married Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, known as Le Grand Condé (The Great Condé), and became the mother of Henri Jules. She was Princess of Condé and Duchess of Fronsac.
Brézé was the name of a noble Angevin family. The founder and most famous member of the family was Pierre de Brézé (c. 1410-1465), one of the trusted soldiers and statesmen of Charles VII. He was succeeded as seneschal of Normandy by his eldest son, Jacques de Brézé (c. 1440-1490), count of Maulevrier; and then by his grandson, Louis de Brézé (died 1531), husband of the famous Diane de Poitiers, whose tomb in Rouen Cathedral, attributed to Jean Goujon and Jean Cousin the Elder, is a splendid example of French Renaissance work.
The lordship of Brézé passed eventually to Claire Clémence de Maillé, Princess of Condé, who sold it to Thomas Dreux, who took the name of Dreux-Brézé when it was erected into a marquisate. Henri Evrard, marquis de Dreux-Brézé (1762-1829) succeeded his father as master of the ceremonies to Louis XVI in 1781. He died on 27 January 1829, when he was succeeded in the peerage and at court by his son Scipion (1793-1845).
Notable members of the Brézé family[edit source | editbeta]
Pierre de Brézé
Louis de Brézé, seigneur d’Anet (grandson of Pierre)
Claire Clémence de Maillé Brézé
Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé (brother of Claire Clémence)
Urbain de Maillé-Brézé (1597 – February, 13 1650) , Marshall of France,marquis de Brézé
Château de Brézéis a Castle of XVIe century located on the common namesake, in the Maine-et-LoireDepartment, ten kilometres to the South of Saumur.
The peculiarity of the Château de Brézé lies in its cave network located under the Castle and in ditches, with both parts of everyday life (bakery, stables, magnanerie) military (drawbridge, path). The castle is a ranking as Historical Monuments since 6 March 19791.
The Château de Brézé is a private property belonging to Jean de Colbert, son of fire Mr. the count Bernard de Colbert and the now defunct Marquise Charlotte de Dreux-Brézé.
History[change the code]
Lands are those of the Lords of Brézé from the XIe century. The first Lords of Brézé made many donations to the nearbyAbbey of Fontevraud .
Among these Lords of Brézé, it knows Louis de Brézé , who married Diane de Saint Vallier known as Diane de Poitiers.
In 1448, Gilles de mesh Brézé gets permission to fortify the castle of King René and will dig trenches.
Italian style renaissance Castle and dependencies have been rebuilt at the beginning of the XVIe century by Arthur de cell2.
Urbain de Brézé mesh will be the first marquis after Louis XIII had erected the domain to a marquisate in 1615. He married Nicole du Plessis, sister of Richelieu and they have two children, Armand, grand Admiral of France, who died in Tuscany at the age of 27 years without posterity, and Claire-Clémence , who married Louis II de Bourbon Condé, le grand Condé, and transmit this heritage in 1650.
The grand Condé takes the helm of the Sling, is thus opposed to the Regency during the minority of the young Louis XIV and, in 1653, the castle is occupied by Royal troops.
In 1682, Conde will exchange the Château de Brézé against la Galissonière, belonging to Thomas de Dreux.
In 1685, Thomas de Dreux, Councillor at the Parlement of Paris, was the title of Marquis de Brézé by King Louis XIV is confirmed.
Henri Evrard de Dreux-Brézé, grand master of the ceremonies to Louis XVI will extend part revival of the Castle, and then his son Pierre, Bishop of Moulins, and his grandson Henri Simon will transform the castle which became Gothic Revival thanks to the angevin architect René Hode (pupil of Viollet-le-Duc).
Henri Jules was born to Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and his wife in 1643. He was five years younger than King Louis XIV. He was the sole heir to the enormous Condé fortune and property. His mother was a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. He was baptised at the Église Saint-Sulpice, Paris on his day of birth. For the first three years of his life, while his father was duc d’Enghien, he was known at court as the duc d’Albret.
Henri Jules’ four surviving daughters, Gobert.
Upon the death of his grandfather, he succeeded to his father’s courtesy title of duc d’Enghien. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was born a prince du sang with the style of Monsieur le Duc.
Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé, Duke of Fronsac, Marquis of Brézé (18 October 1619 – 14 June 1646) was a French admiral.
He was born in Milly-le-Meugon, in one of the most powerful French families of the time; his father was Urbain de Maillé-Brézé, marquis de Brézé, Marshal of France, his uncle Cardinal Richelieu, King Louis XIII’s renowned minister, and his brother-in-law, Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, (better known as the le Grand Condé), was the First Prince of the Blood.
Thanks to his uncle, at the age of seventeen, he received the title of grand-maître de la navigation (Grand-master of Navigation), a new title created by King Louis XIII for Cardinal Richelieu and equivalent to Grand Admiral of France.
One of the leading figures in the Eighty Years’ War, he defeated the Spanish fleet near Cadiz (20 July 1640), and then seized Villafranca. In 1641, he arrived in Portugal to help in the Portuguese Restoration War against Spain. In 1642, he fought an indecisive action against the Spanish forces near Barcelona, and nearly completely destroyed their fleet near Cartagena on 3 July 1643. He was killed on 16 June 1646, during the Battle of Orbetello, where his fleet was defeated.
His remains were buried in the church of Milly le Meugon, abutted to the castle walls.
The Most Serene House of Condé (named after Condé-en-Brie, now in the Aisne département) is a historical French house, a noble lineage of descent from a single ancestor. The name of the house was derived from the title Prince of Condé originally assumed circa 1557 by the French Protestant leader, Louis de Bourbon (1530–1569), uncle of King Henry IV of France, and borne by his male line descendants. It became extinct in 1830 when his eighth generation descendant Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon died without surviving male issue. The title was held for one last time by Louis d’Orléans, Prince of Condé who died in 1866.
Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency. His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France’s leading ducal families.
Conde’s father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits’ school at Bourges. After that he entered the Royal Academy at Paris. At seventeen, in the absence of his father, he governed Burgundy.
Signature of Gaston, Duke of Orléans at the marriage of the Louis, and Claire Clémence de Maillé on 7 February 1641
His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of the powerful Cardinal Richelieu, chief minister of the king, before he joined the army in 1640
Geoffroy de la Tour-Landry
1) ép. 1353 Jeanne de Rougé
soeur de Mahaut de Rougé
et fille de Bonnabes de Rougé
vicomte de la Guerche
chambellan du roi
et de Jeanne de Maillé
fille de Jean de Maillé
seigneur de Clervaux
et de Thomasse de Doué
2) ép. 1380 Marguerite des Roches
veuve de Jean Clérambault
Dame de la Motte-de-Pendu
Ponthus de la Tour-Landry
seigneur de la Tour landry
baron de Bouloir en Vendomois
ép. N, Sidoine (v.1380-?)
Urbain de Maillé-Brézé (French pronunciation: [yʁbɛ̃ də maje bʁeze]) (1597 – February 13, 1650), was a Marshal of France during the Thirty Years’ War and Franco-Spanish War (1635).
He was married to Nicole du Plessis-Richelieu, sister of cardinal Richelieu.
Urbain de Maillé-Brézé had a brilliant career. He was ambassador in Sweden in 1631, Marshal of France in 1632 and viceroy of Catalonia in 1641.
Urbain de Maillé-Brézé fought in many battles. He participated in the Siege of La Rochelle (1627–1628). In 1635 he conquered Heidelberg and Speyer, together with Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force, at the head of the Army of Germany.
In 1635 he was put, together with Gaspard III de Coligny, at the head of the French army that invaded Flanders. They victorious at the Battle of Les Avins against the Spanish, but the Siege of Leuven was a complete failure.
In 1641, together with duc de la Meilleraye, he conquered Lens in 3 days, Aire-sur-la-Lys (august) and Bapaume (September).
After these successes Maillé-Brézé was made Viceroy of newly conquered Catalonia. He attempted to drive the Spanish from Collioure, Perpignan and Sainte-Marie, but failed. In May 1642 he was replaced and retired from active duty to spend the rest of his life in his castle in Milly-le-Meugon.
Marriage and children[edit source | editbeta]
He married on November 25, 1617 Nicole du Plessis-Richelieu (1587–1635), sister of cardinal Richelieu. They had two children :
Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé, (1619-1646), French admiral.
Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, (1628–1694), married Louis II de Bourbon, prince de Condé