Atlanteanauts of Vineland

night9

night10

night11“Besides this the reader is surprised to find the brothers Zeno using a style as bombastic and exaggerated as that of Don Quixote.”

Thomas Pynchon wrote a novel titled ‘Vineland’ that was about a stronghold of hippies in Northern California. Some suggest this has something to do with the Vikings. Pynchon’s knowledge of hippies is – zilch – yet he employs them in his story that I find irrelevant, but, for the possibility Pynchon’s ex-wife, Mary Ann Thorwaldsen, my have had some influence. When I met my ex-father-in-law, Thomas M. Tharaldsen in New York, he was very excited about telling me he descended from Eric the Red. I believe I have found the source of the name Tharaldsen, in this book written in 1911.

Erik the Red, Leif the Lucky and other pre-Columbian discoverers of America (1911)

“Thorwald, son of Oswald was the father of Eric the Red.”

David and Mary Ann adopted two boys, one they name Eric, and the other was an Eskimo.

Thomas would be very upset to learn that the Henry Sinclair usurped his Norwegian kindred in discovering Vinland, and thus, America. But, never fear. It is my contention that the Sinclairs who made these claims, backed up by the “bombastic” accounts of the Zeno brothers, got their initial ideas from this book, and then did some editing in order to make the Sinclair family the discoverers of America. Out went the Zeno brothers, only to be brought back in as solid proof of Sinclair claims. This is to say the Sinclair myth-grabbers knew they were dealing with a myth all along. This is why they have launched attack after attack against anyone who appears to be breaking down the dome of the Sinclair vortex. No Sinclair researcher can prove they were NOT aware their core claim was very weak. Indeed, if you take the name ZENO you get ZONE and you get ZINO…..

IN THE ZONE OF OZ

Zino \z(i)-

Zino\ as a boy’s name is a variant of Zeno (Greek), and the meaning of Zino is “gift of Zeus”.

“In the meantime his struggle with his
Scandinavian rival became, in the fantastic idea of
Zeno, a war against Norway itself.”

I have taken the liberty to use another spelling of ZENO to make my theory work. Here’s all the proof I need that the Sinclairs have invented the Bombastic Wizard of Oz and Orkney because the Brits suffer from Cultural Cringe, being, during the sixties the Beatles imported American music in order to transcend the rancid and oppressive British culture that was at a standstill after World War Two, and not taking off into the Wild Blue Yonder like the Good Ol U.S.of A.

The British Empire had missed the boat! Enter, Henry Sinclair Erl of Orkney a descendant of Vikings who allows his offspring to claim they founded America, and thus anything good that came out of that – is in their pile! This is like a game of marbles. The Sinclairs got all the shiny Knight Templars marbles in their pile – because they came to America with the Sinclairs. American marbles are now the color of pond scum.

What I suggest to any sane Sinclair, is, the In Oz Sinclairs have made their own Nazi Titanic Movie which was a very spendy propaganda movie aimed at winning the war. Hitler and Goebbels was in competition with Hollywood. When the director had a tirade because the Gestapo was looking over his shoulder, his friend turned him in, and he was arrested for telling the truth, being, Germany was losing the war, and was going down like the Titanic. He was found dead in his cell hanging by his suspenders. This was a faked suicide. So much for being a critic of your own work.

I am reminded of the recent attacks by Steve Sinclair who has DNA proof the Sinclairs are not suffering from Cultural Cringe, and thus are not inferior to anyone, but, superior.

Just before I awoke I dreamt about this post. The name Atlantianaught was born while I slept. What I saw in my dreams was an alliance between Mary Ann Tharaldsen, Thomas Pynchon, the late Valdemar Nabokov. Rena’s kindred are from Sweden.

For the reason Mary Ann is in my family tree, and her Peoples are mentioned alongside the Sinclairs, I can not be an ATTACKER of any Sinclair claims, but, am a DEFENDER of my family history. I see myself as a REPELLER of the fake Sinclair Viking ship that has come ashore on my land employing deceit. I am not alone! There are other Champions of the Truth in the field. Here is Brian Smith and Jason Colavito. Swing away, gentleman. Swing away! The pen is mightier than the sword.

This is for all the marbles. I suspect Pynchon has been reading my blog for years. Should Mary Ann submit to the Sinclair Blood Test?

Jon Presco

Copyright 2013

http://www.alastairhamilton.com/sinclair.htm

http://www.jasoncolavito.com/1/post/2013/03/on-steve-st-clair-and-henry-sinclair.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vineland

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2013/09/01/thatchers-beloved-hippie-basher/

“Downer worked with John Howard to dismantle the country’s cultural cringe and replace it with a new militant nationalism predicated on the appropriation of American-style patriotism and open skepticism of multicultural values.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_cringe

Discovery of Greenland by Erik the Red

IN the first half of the tenth century, Thorwald,
son of Oswald, with his son Erik the Red, fled
from Jadar, in the western part of Rogaland in
Norway, to Iceland, because of a murder the latter
had committed, and settled at Dranga in the north-
western part of that country.^ After the death of
Thorwald, Erik married Thorbild, daughter of
Jorund, left Dranga and settled at a place after-
ward named for him, Erikstad.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vineland

He made a drawing of the map and restored the entire narra-
tive as well as he could. The narrative of the Zeno brothers, however, offers difficulties of various kinds for historians as well as geographers. Besides the scanty knowledge of geography in the fourteenth century, we find another difficulty in the orthography of countries and names of persons, as they are written by a Southerner and pronounced by a Northerner. Besides this the reader is surprised
to find the brothers Zeno using a style as bombastic
and exaggerated as that of Don Quixote.

Vineland, the central locale of the novel, is a fictive small town in California’s Anderson Valley (perhaps based upon Boonville). Vineland may be a play on the word “Hollywood”, a reference to the first Viking settlement in North America, Vinland, or a reference to Andrey Vinelander, a character in Vladimir Nabokov’s Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle. Still others contend that the title refers to Vineland, New Jersey or a “Vinland the Good” mentioned in a Frank O’Hara poem. However, the most obvious explanation is that the title is a reference to the area in which the novel is set, which is near California’s grapevine-filled Wine Country.

Vineland is a 1990 novel by Thomas Pynchon, a postmodern fiction set in California, United States in 1984, the year of Ronald Reagan’s reelection.[1] Through flashbacks by its characters, who have lived the sixties in their youth, the story accounts for the free spirit of rebellion of that decade, and describes the traits of the fascistic Nixonian repression and its War on drugs that clashed with it; and it articulates the slide and transformation that occurred in U.S. society from the 1960s to the 1980s.[1][2][3]

This hinges heavily on Frenesi Gates, Prairie’s mother, whom she has never met. In the ’60s, during the height of the hippie era, the fictive College of the Surf seceded from the United States and became its own nation of hippies and dope smokers, called the People’s Republic of Rock and Roll (PR³).

Van spends his time developing his studies in psychology, and visiting a number of the “Villa Venus” upper-class brothels. In the autumn of 1892 Lucette, now having declared her love for Van, brings him a letter from Ada in which she announces she has received an offer of marriage from a wealthy Russian, Andrey Vinelander. Should Van wish to invite her to live with him she will refuse the offer. Van does so, and they commence living together in an apartment Van has purchased from Ada’s old school-friend, and Van’s former lover, Cordula de Prey.

‘Leifur was son of Eiríkur Þorvaldsson (Thorvaldsson), son of Astvaldur son of Ulfur son of Öxna-Þorir. Eiríkur and Þorvaldur having been outlawed by Gulathing in Norway for a killing, left for Iceland and settled at Drangar in Hornstrandir, a remote and bleak area in northwestern Iceland.

https://rosamondpress.wordpress.com/2012/07/28/eric-tharvaldson-of-wienekeland/

Erik the Red (Eirik Raude) Thorvaldsson (950 – 1003
Birthdate:
950

Erik the Red, Leif the Lucky and other pre-Columbian discoverers of America (1911)

Author: 1832-1901; Upton, George P. (George Putnam), 1834-1919
Subject: America — Discovery and exploration Norse
Publisher: Chicago : A. C. McClurg
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language: English
Call number: 601678
Digitizing sponsor: MSN
Book contributor: New York Public Library
Collection: newyorkpubliclibrary; americana

Full catalog record: MARCXML

http://archive.org/stream/erikredleiflucky001832#page/n17/mode/2up

http://archive.org/details/erikredleifluck00uptogoog

Chapter XI

Journeys and Adventures of the Brothers Zeno

IN the year of grace 1200 a certain Marinus
Zeno, of the city of Venice, enjoyed an enviable
reputation not only for his conspicuous virtues
but also for his intellectual attainments. Called
to the management of public affairs in Italy, he
discharged them in such manner that it added to
the affection and respect in which he was held.
Among his many important accomplishments it is
recorded that by his extraordinary tact and his good
advice he settled a controversy among the Veronese
citizens which threatened to lead to civil strife.
He was also the first governor of Constantinople,
in the name of the Venetian Republic, in 1205, at
which period that kingdom was under Gallic and
Venetian rule. This Marinus Zeno had a son
named Petrus Reymer, who became the father of
a duke or doge of Venice. As this doge had no male
heir, he adopted Andreas, a son of his brother
Marcus. Andreas had a son named Reymer who

[72]

In the northern islands, and the statement
that he lived fourteen years on the island of Frisland,
four years of the time with his brother Nicolo.
It appears also that one of his descendants, Nicolo
Zeno, born in 1515, when he was a boy, tore up the
papers containing the narrative, the value of which
he did not appreciate. When older, he realized their
importance, collected the fragments, and from these
and some documents which were intact constructed
the narrative as it was given to the world. He also
found in the palace a map, half mouldered by age,
upon which the voyages were traced. He made a
drawing of the map and restored the entire narra-
tive as well as he could. The narrative of the
Zeno brothers, however, offers difficulties of various
kinds for historians as well as geographers. Besides
the scanty knowledge of geography in the fourteenth
century, we find another difficulty in the orthog-
raphy of countries and names of persons, as they
are written by a Southerner and pronounced by a
Northerner. Besides this the reader is surprised
to find the brothers Zeno using a style as bombastic
and exaggerated as that of Don Quixote.

We shall now take up and endeavor to explain
[86]

LEIF THE LUCKY

the names of persons, islands, and countries hereto-
fore mentioned in this chapter.

Frisland

The island of Frisland of the Zeno brothers is
undoubtedly one of the Faroe Islands. The name
Frisland must have been derived from Ferrisland,
for thus the islands were called by English mariners.
Upon the old maps we find the name written, Ures-
land and Vresland.

ZlCHMNI

In the year 1784 John Reinbold Forster, a promi-
nent companion of Captain Cook, called attention
to the fact that Zichmni was the equivalent among
Southerners for Sinclair. Henry Sinclair was, at
a time which is uncertain, the earl or prince of
Orkney and Caithness, and the geographical, politi-
cal, and historical circumstances agree in the identi-
fication of Sinclair as Zichmni. The principal facts
are the following: The earldom of Henry Sinclair
came into the family through the marriage of his
father. Sir William Sinclair of Roslyn, with Isabella,
daughter and heiress of Malise, Earl of Strathearn,
Caithness, and Orkney.

[87]

ERIK THE RED AND

The last Scandinavian earl was Magnus, father
of the first wife of Malise. In 1379 Henry Sinclair
acquired from the King of Norway the recognition
of his claim upon the earldom, but his investiture
was loaded with severe conditions. In the “Orca-
den” of Torfseus we have Sinclair’s own explanation
of his feudal relations with the King of Norway,
wherein he binds himself to carry out the following
conditions: *’We agree also that upon our promo-
tion to the earldom by our master and king, our
cousin Malise shall renounce his claims and title to
the countries and islands named so that our lord and
master the king, his heirs and successors, shall not
suffer from any obstacles or molestation from him
or his heirs.” Further on in the same work, it is
written: “In 1391 the Earl of Orkney slew Malise
Sperre of Shetland and seven others.”

ESTLANDA-ISLAND

Estlanda, the locality of the battle in the Zeno
narrative, is undoubtedly Shetland, lying between
the Faroe Islands, or Zeno’s Frisland, and Norway.
The Shetland Islands also were a part of the earldom
of Sinclair which was disputed by his cousin Malise
Sperre. Hence it follows that the narration of
Zeno can have no other meaning than that Sinclair
in reality took from Malise what rightly belonged
to him. In the meantime his struggle with his
Scandinavian rival became, in the fantastic idea of
Zeno, a war against Norway itself. Estlanda and
the seven enumerated Icelandic islands adjoining
signify Shetland and the group of small islands in its
vicinity.

Engroneland

The people of the Southland are accustomed to
use more vowels in their words than those of the
Northland. They therefore seldom close a name of
their own with a consonant and frequently in
expressing a foreign word, which should begin with
two consonants, put an “a” or an “e” before it,
and sometimes in the middle of a word, where two
consonants come together, they choose to insert
a vowel. Thus Zeno spoke the word “Gronland”
and wrote it “Engroneland.”

Nicolo, who stood so high
in the esteem of the wealthy and powerful Prince
Zichmni, must have been quite humbled when he
found that the Greenlander was of more consequence
to these monks than he, whose pedigree filled a folio
volume and who enjoyed the privilege of having a
dragon or lion traced upon his shield

ICARIA

The last expedition to be considered is one to
arouse the curiosity of the reader. Unfortunately,
Antonio Zeno writes to his brother Karl, the journey
was undertaken at an unlucky moment. The fisher-
man who was to have been the pilot died three days
before their departure and Zeno says they were
obliged to take some of his sailors as pilots. After
a severe storm they not only lost their course, but
the entire voyage seems in reality to have been a
haphazard wandering about on the Atlantic, until
at last they discovered a region which bore the
mythological name of Icaria, whose king, as well
as the sea which washed its coasts, was called Icarus.
This part of the narrative, more than any other,
appears to be fabulous.

In 1475 Magnus, abbot of the Benedictine monas-
tery at Helgafellen, was consecrated by Archbishop
Gauto of Drontheim as Bishop of Skalholt. In the
Winter of 1477 it happened that Bishop Magnus
was visiting the church of his diocese at Hvalfjar-
dareyr when Columbus arrived there. He met
Columbus and they conversed in Latin. Columbus
inquired about the western regions, according to Pro-
fessor Rafn, in the preface to his “American Anti-
quities,” but what information he received or what
reply the bishop made still remain a question, for
the authentic writings make no mention of it. But
it is entirely reasonable that the bishop told Colum-
bus of the well-known discoveries of western countries
made by Icelanders, for he had ample information
concerning them, derived partly from the history

[96]

of his fatherland and partly from the chronicles of
the monastery of which he was abbot. It would
be superfluous, however, to show that the knowledge
of these western countries and of America was
limited to Iceland. An unnamed historian, describ-
ing the crusade of the Danes to the Holy Land in
1 185, states, in speaking of the city of Bergen, that
merchant vessels sailed from there to Iceland,
Greenland, England, Germany, Denmark, Sweden,
and Gothland.

We must remember that
the Chinese have a civilization so old that ours
seems a modern invention compared with it; that
they were navigating the seas long before the
moderns dreamed of vessels; that they had gun-
powder and the compass centuries ago; and that

[102]

their junks were found everywhere. The wrecks
of junks seen by the early Spanish explorers on the
Pacific coast show that the Celestials were in quest
of Fusang or some other Sang a long time before
Columbus. It is not impossible the Yellow Peril was
on our soil long before the Northmen.

Chapter I

Discovery of Greenland by Erik the Red

IN the first half of the tenth century, Thorwald,
son of Oswald, with his son Erik the Red, fled
from Jadar, in the western part of Rogaland in
Norway, to Iceland, because of a murder the latter
had committed, and settled at Dranga in the north-
western part of that country.^ After the death of
Thorwald, Erik married Thorbild, daughter of
Jorund, left Dranga and settled at a place after-
ward named for him, Erikstad. On account of

* Iceland, like Greenland, was discoved by the Northmen by accident.
Naddod, a sea rover, was driven upon its coasts by a storm. He named
it Snoeland (Snowland). In 864 Gardar Svafarson, another rover, was
carried there by a storm, and after circumnavigating it named it Gardar-
holm (Gardar’s isle). He was followed by Flokko, a Viking, who planted
a colony there. He remained only a year, but ten years later Earl Ingolf,
fleeing from the wrath of King Harold Haarfager of Norway, planted
another colony, which proved the foundation of Iceland as a State. The
old Vikings seem to have been an irascible lot. Earl Ingolf, like Erik
the Red, had to leave Norway on account of a murder he had committed.

http://www.jasoncolavito.com/1/post/2013/03/on-steve-st-clair-and-henry-sinclair.html

http://www.alastairhamilton.com/sinclair.htm

Henry Sinclair, an earl of Orkney of the late fourteenth century, didn’t go to America. (1) It wasn’t until 500 years after Henry’s death that anybody suggested that he did. The sixteenth century text that eventually gave rise to all the claims about Henry and America certainly doesn’t say so. What it says, in so many words, is that someone called Zichmni, with friends, made a trip to Greenland. None of Henry Sinclair’s contemporaries or near-contemporaries ever claimed that he went to America; and none of the antiquaries who wrote about him in the seventeenth century said so either, although they made other absurd claims about him. The story is a modern myth, based on careless reading, wishful thinking and sometimes distortion, and during the past five years or so it has taken new outrageous forms.

In fact Andrew Sinclair realizes that there are awful holes in the Sinclair theory. He dutifully reproduces Major’s footnotes on the Zeno text, but modifies them here and there. He appreciates that a text about Henry Earl of Orkney should have had a few references to Orkney. Using the Major method of identifying Zeno’s place-names, Sinclair helpfully suggests that the island of ‘Neome’ may be Westray! (63) When Zeno claims that Zichmni made himself master of a place called ‘Ledovo’, Sinclair claims that he was actually calling in at the Faroese island of Lille Dimon, for water and supplies. (64) Readers who have seen that barren precipitous rock will be surprised to hear this. And when Zeno says that ‘Sir Antonio remained in Frislanda and lived there fourteen years, four years with Sir Nicolo, and ten years alone’, Sinclair interjects that ‘The Zen brothers would have lived on the Orkneys, for Prince Henry St. Clair did not succeed in holding the Faroes for long’. (65) But a few footnotes later he has them back in Frislanda again.

http://www.alastairhamilton.com/sinclair.htm

Here we are introduced to the elusive “Prince” Zichmni, “a great lord” of islands called “Porlanda”. After encountering some trouble with the locals, Nicolo is rescued by the elusive Zichmni and subsequently enters his service.
Joined from Venice by his brother, Antonio, Nicolo Zeno is, before long, waging wars and exploring a mixture of fictitious and genuine “islands” in the North Atlantic.

Eventually, we learn how Zichmni comes to hear of a voyage to the unknown lands of “Estotilanda” and “Drogeo” in the far west. Together with Antonio Zeno, Zichmni sets sail but as far as the Zeno narrative is concerned they never reach them. Zichmni lands on Greenland (or “Engrouelanda” as the narrative puts it), where he builds a town at “Trin” and sets about exploring the Greenland coast.

And that, as far as the Zeno Narrative is concerned, is that. No Sinclair. No America. And, strangely enough, no Orkney.
As Shetland archivist Brian Smith states in his paper demolishing the myth of the Sinclair Atlantic voyage:

http://www.rightpundits.com/?p=11051

Wine-land[edit source | editbeta]
The earliest etymology of “Vinland” is found in Adam of Bremen’s 11th century Latin Descriptio insularum Aquilonis (“Description of the Northern Islands”): “Moreover, he has also reported one island discovered by many in that ocean, which is called Winland, for the reason that grapevines grow there by themselves, producing the best wine.” (Praeterea unam adhuc insulam recitavit a multis in eo repertam occeano, quae dicitur Winland, eo quod ibi vites sponte nascantur, vinum optimum ferentes). The implication is that the first element is Old Norse vín (Latin vinum), “wine”.
This explanation is essentially repeated in the 13th Century Grœnlendinga saga, which provides a circumstantial account of the discovery of Vinland and its being named from the grapes (vínber) found there. New findings from L’Anse Aux Meadows show that these vinber were seen by the Norse.[3][4] However, it should be noted that vinber (currants – black or red) literally translates to wineberry, and that there is a long-standing Scandinavian tradition of fermenting berries into wine; grapes do currently not grow in Iceland or Scandinavia. An alternate English name for blueberry is whinberry or winberry.[6]

According to David Eagleman, Nabokov named the title character in part after his favorite butterfly. An avid collector of butterflies, Nabokov was especially fond of one species with yellow wings and a black body. As a synesthete, he associated colors with each letter; A was connected to yellow, and D to black. Thus he saw a reflection of his favorite butterfly (yellow-black-yellow) in the name Ada. This also makes sense because Ada wants to be a lepidopterist in the book.[2]
“Ada” is also pun, a homophone, for “Ardor”. Marina, Ada’s mother, pronounces her name with “long, deep” Russian “A”s, which is how a Russian would say the word “Ardor”.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_or_Ardor:_A_Family_Chronicle

With Ada having married Andrey Vinelander, Van occupies himself in traveling and his studies, until 1901 when Lucette reappears in England. She has herself booked on the same transatlantic ship, the Tobakoff, that Van is taking back to America. She attempts to seduce him on the crossing and nearly succeeds, but is foiled when Ada appears as an actress in the film, Don Juan’s Last Fling, that they are watching together on the onboard cinema. Lucette consumes a number of sleeping pills and commits suicide by throwing herself from the Tobakoff into the Atlantic. In March 1905, Demon dies in a plane crash.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vineland

The story is set in California, United States, in 1984, the year of Ronald Reagan’s reelection.[1] After a scene in which former hippie Zoyd Wheeler dives through a window, something he is required to do yearly in order to keep receiving mental disability checks, the action of the novel opens with the resurfacing of D.E.A. agent Brock Vond, who (through a platoon of agents) forces Zoyd and his 14-year-old daughter Prairie out of their house. They hide from Brock, and from Hector Zuñiga (a drug-enforcement federale from Zoyd’s past, who Zoyd suspects is in cahoots with Brock) with old friends of Zoyd’s, who recount to the mystified Prairie the story of Brock’s motivation for what he has done.

Throughout the novel, Pynchon’s technique is recognizable. From a cameo of Mucho Maas (from The Crying of Lot 49) to a bizarre episode hinting at Godzilla, Pynchon’s “zaniness” pervades the novel. For example, Pynchon laces the book with Star Trek references. He has his characters watch a sitcom named Say, Jim, about a starship all of whose officers “were black except for the Communications Officer, a freckled, red-head named Lieutenant O’Hara.” The numerous references to films rigorously include the year of release in a manner unusual for a work of fiction. Several characters are Thanatoids, victims of karmic imbalance and inhabitants of a strange state of being “like death, only different.”
In addition, the novel is replete with female ninjas, astrologers, marijuana smokers, television addicts, musical interludes (including the theme song of The Smurfs) and, naturally, metaphors drawn from Star Trek.

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2010/jul/31/thomas-pynchon-vineland-rereading

http://www.sconemac.com/wknight.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Sinclair

http://www.heritage-history.com/?c=read&author=upton&book=eric&story=zeno

But Charles was not dealing with just a super crafty pirate that had risen from obscurity to regional fame. No, Rollo’s father was Rognvald, The Wise, jarl (Earl) of Møre, Norway, the first jarl of Orkney, and a near relative of King Harold Fairhair. Rollo’s mother was Countess Ragnhilda, daughter of the sea King Rolf Nefia.  Rollo’s brother, Thorir, succeeded Rognvald to the jarldom of Møre and married King Harold’s daughter, Arbota .  Harold bestowed the Shetlands and Orkneys on jarl Rognvald’s family. The jarl’s brother, Sigurd, the sea King Einar, and  one-eyed, ruthless and middling poet added, Caithness to their holdings and was the second jarl of Orkney. The house of Rognvald was one of the oldest lines of rulers in Norway with Rollo’s brothers, Hallard and Einar also becoming the 4th and 5th Earls of Orkney. Einar’s descendant, Isobel, married William Sinclair, 11th  Baron of Rossyln, a descendant of Einar’s brother Gangerolv/Rollo. This connected the Norse lines of Einar and Rollo back to Rognvald again.

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/a/j/Kevin-C-Lajiness-NJ/FILE/0070page.html

1001 
Norse sagas claim that Leif Ericson and a band of 35 men sailed for western lands based on an account by the Viking Bjarni Herjulfsson, who had sighted land after being blown off course in 1000.  Some say this voyage was taken in 1000. They found a land they called Vinland and built houses but returned to Greenland before the winter.
1002 
Thorer Eastman (d.1002), a Norwegian sea captain, was blown off course on a trading voyage from Iceland to Greenland. He and his wife, Gudrid, along with a crew of 13 became stranded on a rock near the coast of Newfoundland for weeks until they were rescued by Leif Eriksson, who was on his way home to Greenland from North America with a cargo of timber. That fall an epidemic swept Greenland and Eastman died.
1004 
An expedition of four ships led by Thorfinn Karlsefni sailed for Vineland by way of Baffin Island.  The party included Lief’s brother Thorvald Eriksson and his crew of thirty.  They wintered at the strait of Belle Island.  Gudrid’s son Snorri Thorfinnson is born.  The party consisted of 250 men and women including their cattle.  This is a clear indication they intended to build a permanent settlement.  Also included were Snorri Thorbrandsson and Bjarni Grimolfsson.
1005  
Thorfinn’s party split up in the spring with Thorhall, the Hunter, and eight others going back north.  A storm drove them out to sea to Ireland where they are thrown into slavery and Thorhall is killed.  Thorvald Eriksson explored westerly along the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawerence and discovered a storage shed of wood but no other signs of the Westmen in the Straight of Belle.  Thorvald’s expedition took three months.  Thorfinn Karlsefni and Eirik’s daughter Freydis sailed south with Snorri and Bjarni wintering at St. Paul’s Bay.  A group of Dorset in skin boats stumbled upon their camp, the Viking referred to them as Skraeling and the first trading season ended on friendly terms.
1006  
The Skraeling (wretches, savages or barbarians or possibly pygmies such as gnomes and trolls) arrived in the spring to trade for weapons however Karlsefni traded with milk that the Dorset appreciated.  Trading is cut short, as the Viking contends the Skraeling are scared off by the cattle, especially the bull.  Future events suggest the Vikings probably put the Dorset to the sword.  A second party of Skraeling arrived three weeks later into a Viking ambush.  The Dorset obviously did not expect this treatment as they are not prepared to do battle and fought back with their fishing equipment.  The ambush failed and the Dorset put the Viking to flight except fearless Fredydis, Lief Eriksson’s sister, and daughter of Erik the Red, who is pregnant at the time.  Grabbing the dead Thorrand Snoorasson’s sword, she pulled out her breasts and slapped the sword on them and the Skraeling took flight and ran to their boats thereby saving the day.  It is noteworthy that later the Beothuk women, during times of stress, also barred their breasts and that could have originated from this Viking encounter.  It is unlikely the flight of the Skraeling is due to fear but rather out of respect for motherhood which was also a value held by the American Indians.
In reality, the Dorset had the entire village of women and children at their disposal but being peace loving by nature they would not want to harm future trading relations.  The Viking is humiliated.  Karlsefni decided to leave this place and headed back to the base camp.  On the way they discovered five Skraeling sleeping and they killed them to restore their honor.  Thorvald sailing in search of Thorhall came across nine sleeping Skraeling, they killed eight and one escaped.  The next day, the Skraeling retaliated and attacked the Viking ship, killing Thorvald Eriksson.
Thorfinn Karlsefni arrived in Greenland from Iceland and married Gudrid Thorbjarnardottir. She soon talked him into leading an expedition to the New Found World.
Thorfinn Karlsefni sailed to Hampten Bay and began to cut lumber when they sighted a limping Beothuk and tried to catch him but he got away.  A large number of Beothuk later appeared and began to trade.   Karlsefni reported they traded red cloth.  The Norse aggressiveness caused a fight to break out and many Beothuk are killed before they fled into the woods.  On the trip back to the Labrador coast they captured two Dorset children who said their mother’s name is Vaetilldi and their father’s name is Uvaegi.  They said they lived in holes or caves.  They also said there is a land on the other side, opposite their country, where the inhabitants wore white garments, yelled loudly and carried poles before them to which cloth is attached.  The Viking believed they are the Westman who are previously displaced from Iceland and Greenland.  The Westmen originally came from the British Islands.
Thorvald sailed to Groswater Bay hoping to find Thorhall the Hunter.  He and his men killed eight Dorsets and Thorvald was killed.
About this time two young Skraeling boys were captured and taught to speak Norse.  They said: there was a land on the other side, opposite their country (Labrador), which was inhabited by people who wore white garments and who yelled loudly and carried poles before them to which cloths were attached.  People believed this must have been Hvitramannaland or Ireland the Great.

http://www.agt.net/dgarneau/indian7.htm

http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/ORCADIA/1999-03/0921111119

http://sinclair.quarterman.org/who/henry.html

http://www.robertsewell.ca/sinclair.html

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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