Gustav Nagel – The First Hippie?








boho910This morning I found Gustav Nagel. What can I say?

“There’s nothing new under the sun.”


Gustav Nagel was born on 28 Born in March 1874 as the eighth child of a family of innkeepers in advertising. He began teaching in 1888 to a merchant in Arendsee in the north of the Altmark , but this had to because of a chronic catarrh cancel and various allergies. He then built himself a hole in the ground near the city, and devoted himself, influenced by the teachings of the pastor and hydrotherapists Sebastian Kneipp , of Naturopathy . 1892 he was a vegetarian and began to “like Jesus “to dress: he wore his hair long, ran barefoot in the winter and was in the gown or with only a loincloth wearing.

In 1900 he became incapacitated by the District Court Arend. In the following years he traveled around as an itinerant preacher, called to religious gatherings on, selling their own journals and lectured with amazing inlet. Highlight of his years was a visit to Jerusalem in 1903. In the same year, he managed to obtain a court waiver of his incapacitation.

He married three times: from his first marriage to Maria Anna 1904-1907 Konhäuser native son Frederick, who was not recognized by him. His second marriage with Johanna 1912-1926 Raith came from the sons of Godfrey Fear God, Gerhard, John and Gustav Adolf Ernst. In 1928, the children were placed under a guardian. His third marriage with Eleanor 1938-1941 Teichmann born Dadeck remained childless.

1910 Nail bought a lakefront lot in Arendsee, today’s brand-Gustaf’s area and set up in a wooden hut, a sunshade and a shower bath. Later he put on that land also a natural garden and a lake temple was built in 1920 and numerous other facilities and buildings, including a Kurhalle. The nerd has become a curiosity of the city, attracting many visitors. He developed his own spelling and wrote his name as “Gustaf”.

In 1924 the German nail kristliche folk party. In the Reichstag elections of December 1924 , he received 4,322 votes (0.01%, no mandate). 1928, his party again in the general election. However, you could (rounded: 0.00%) only 901 votes win. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he preached against the persecution of Jews and later against the war. In 1943 he was for political reasons Dachau concentration camp in 1944 and brought to the mental hospital admitted Uchtspringe near Stendal, where he was discharged in 1945. Henceforth he lived again in Arendsee until it was 1950/51, re-admitted to the mental hospital Uchtspringe. There he died in 1952 of heart failure.

In 1996, in Arendsee the “Workgroup Gustav nail” with the aim to preserve the thoughts, poems and messages of Gustaf brand of posterity. Since then place each year in Arendsee a “brand gustaf day” instead. In 1999 a “Gustaf brand – association” founded.

Wandervogel is the name adopted by a popular movement of German youth groups from 1896 onward. The name can be translated as rambling, hiking, or wandering bird (differing in meaning from “Zugvogel” or migratory bird) and the ethos is to shake off the restrictions of society and get back to nature and freedom. Soon the groups split and there originated ever more organisations, which still all called themselves Wandervogel, but were organisationally independent. Nonetheless the feeling was still of being a common movement, but split into several branches.

The Wandervogel movement was officially established on 4 November 1901 by Herman Hoffmann Fölkersamb, who in 1895 had formed a study circle at the boys’ Berlin-Steglitz grammar school where he was teaching. The Wandervogel soon became the pre-eminent German youth movement. It was a back-to-nature youth organization emphasizing freedom, self-responsibility, and the spirit of adventure, and took a nationalistic approach, stressing Germany’s Teutonic roots.[1]
After World War I, the leaders returned disillusioned from the war. The same was true for leaders of German Scouting. So both movements started to influence each other heavily in Germany. From the Wandervogel came a stronger culture of hiking, adventure, bigger tours to farther places, romanticism and a younger leadership structure. Scouting brought uniforms, flags, more organization, more camps, and a clearer ideology. There was also an educationalist influence from Gustav Wyneken.
Together this led to the emergence of the Bündische Jugend. The Wandervogel, German Scouting and the Bündische Jugend together are referred to as the German Youth Movement.
They had been around for more than a quarter of a century before National Socialists began to see an opportunity to hijack some methods and symbols of the German Youth Movement to use it in the Hitler Youth to influence the young.
This movement was very influential at that time. Its members were romantic and prepared to sacrifice a lot for their ideals. That is why there are many to be found on both sides in the Third Reich. Some of the Wandervogel groups had Jewish members; Jewish youth and adults had their own Wandervogel group called “Blau-Weiss” (“blue-white”), and this eventually became a Zionist youth movement; other Jewish scouting movements such as Hashomer Hatzair were influenced by the Wandervogel. Other groups within the movement were anti-semitic or close to the Nazi government. Therefore one can later find prominent members subscribing to the Third Reich and other prominent members resisting it.
From 1933 the Nazis outlawed the Wandervogel, German Scouting, the Jungenschaft, and the Bündische Jugend, along with most youth groups independent of the Hitler Youth. Only church affiliated groups survived, lasting until almost 1936.[2]
Modern aspects[edit]
The Wandervogel movement was refounded after World War II and exists in Germany to this day with around 5,000 members in many different associations, as well as in neighboring countries.
Before World War II, in a context of cordial relations with Germany, and in an effort to promote healthy activities for young people throughout the country, Japan’s Ministry of education launched the movement among Japanese universities through its 「奨健会ワンダーフォーゲル部」 (shôkenkai wandaafôgeru bu, promotion of health WanderVogel association ). The first WanderVogel student club was then created in 1935 in Rikkyo University. It then spread to Keio University[3] and Meiji University,[4] and from 1937 on to several other universities around the country, especially after World War II, in the context of high economic growth and popularization of mountaineering. A strong emphasis is put on autonomy (use of tents over mountain huts, no help from professional guides) [5] It is now a fairly renowned student club in Japan with activities ranging from mountaineering, sawanobori, ski touring etc.

The hippie subculture developed as a youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world. Its origins can be traced back to classical culture, and to European social movements in the early 20th century i.e.: Fabians and Bohemians. From around 1967, its fundamental ethos — including harmony with nature, communal living, artistic experimentation particularly in music, and the widespread use of recreational drugs — spread around the world.

In fin de siècle Europe, from 1896–1908, a German youth movement known as Der Wandervogel began to grow as a countercultural reaction to the organized social and cultural clubs that centered around German folk music. In contrast to these formal clubs, Wandervogel emphasized amateur music and singing, creative dress, and communal outings involving hiking and camping.[3] Inspired by the works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Goethe, Hermann Hesse, and Eduard Baltzer, Wandervogel attracted thousands of young Germans who rejected the rapid trend toward urbanization and yearned for the pagan, back-to-nature spiritual life of their ancestors.[4]
During the first several decades of the 20th century, these beliefs were introduced to the United States as Germans settled around the country, some opening the first health food stores. Many moved to Southern California where they could practice an alternative lifestyle in a warm climate. In turn, young Americans adopted the beliefs and practices of the new immigrants. One group, called the “Nature Boys”, took to the California desert, raised organic food, and espoused a back-to-nature lifestyle. eden ahbez, a member of this group, wrote a hit song called Nature Boy, which was recorded in 1947 by Nat King Cole, popularizing the homegrown back-to-nature movement to mainstream America. Eventually, a few of these Nature Boys, including the famous Gypsy Boots, made their way to Northern California in 1967, just in time for the Summer of Love in San Francisco.[5]
Beat Generation[edit]
The Beat Generation, especially those associated with the San Francisco Renaissance gradually gave way to the Sixties counterculture, accompanied by a shift in terminology from “beatnik” to “hippie.” Many of the original Beats remained active participants, notably Allen Ginsberg, who became a fixture of the anti-war movement. On the other hand, Jack Kerouac broke with Ginsberg and criticized the 1960s protest movements as an “excuse for spitefulness.” Bob Dylan became close friends with Allen Ginsberg, and Ginsberg became close friends with Timothy Leary. Both Leary and Ginsberg were introduced to LSD by Michael Hollingshead in the early 1960s, and both became instrumental in popularizing psychedelic substances to the hippie movement.
In 1963, Ginsberg was living in San Francisco with Neal Cassady and Charles Plymell.[6] Around that time, Ginsberg connected with Ken Kesey, who was participating in CIA sponsored LSD trials while a student at Stanford. Cassady drove the bus for Ken Kesey’s Merry Pranksters, and he attempted to recruit Kerouac into their group, but Kerouac angrily rejected the invitation and accused them of attempting to destroy the American culture he celebrated[citation needed].
According to Ed Sanders, the change in the public label from “beatnik” to “hippie” occurred after the 1967 Human Be-In in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, where Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, and Michael McClure led the crowd in chanting “Om”. Ginsberg was also at the infamous 1968 Democratic National Convention, and was friends with Abbie Hoffman and other members of the Chicago Seven. Stylistic differences between beatniks, marked by somber colors, dark shades and goatees, gave way to colorful psychedelic clothing and long hair worn by hippies. While the beats were known for “playing it cool” and keeping a low profile, hippies became known for displaying their individuality.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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