Eleanor as Penthesilea and Artemus





diana102Queen Eleanore the wife of King Henry, whom Wace presented his Roman de Rou, saw herself as Penthesilea who worshiped the goddess Artemus, the Greek Diana. Penthesilea sided with the Trojans ad was killed by Achilles. Eleanore rode about on a white horse as Penthesilea bidding folks to go on Crusade. Eleanore went on Crusade with her husband the King of France she and her entourage of 300 women dressed in armour. Here was the Queen of the Amazons taking on the scourge of Mahomet, she no doubt inspired by the pseudo history of Geoffrey of Monmouth.

“The Historia Regum Britanniae (English: The History of the Kings of Britain) is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written c. 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth. It chronicles the lives of the kings of the Britons in a chronological narrative spanning a time of two thousand years, beginning with the Trojans founding the British nation and continuing until the Anglo-Saxons assumed control of much of Britain around the 7th century. It is one of the central pieces of the Matter of Britain.”

King Henry dismisses Wace and his Roman de Rou remains unfinished. I suspect it was Eleanore who got rid of Wace after he demonized the statue of the goddess Diana that Brutus the Trojan worshipped, he calling her a she-devil, Mohomet in disguise. Wace uses the words “mawmed” “mamet” which is reminiscent of Baphomet.

To Eleanore, Wace is another lackey of the Pope who made her sleep with her husband in order to produce an heir to the throne of France. Wace has ruined Eleanor’s’ image of herself that she took to the Holy Land and unleashed upon the enemies of Christ. This is a case where pseudo history takes on a life of its own, and bids believers to make fantasy reality by thrusting it upon reality – if there is such a thing!

George Bush created pseudo reality in order to launch a new Crusade against Iraq. Evangelical believers in John Darby and his distorted interpretation of Revelations, kept gun control legislation from passing yesterday, because Evangelicals beef up their beliefs with the rumor our President is the Anti-Christ bent on taking over the world. Why they want to stop him, is a mystery, because thi must be done before their version of Jesus returns.

In 1972 did a painting of Rena as a goddess, and wrote a spiritual comedy ‘Golden Girls of the Corn Cob’where she is captured by modern day Amazons and taken to their compound in the dunes of the Platte river in Nebraska.

In the speudohistory of the Frisians, the folk-mother Rosamond tries to bring Jon the Sea-King to justice,but, he flees to Britain in what amounts to an exodus. That Fair Rosamond becomes the great rival of Eleanore, makes one wonder how so-called real history, comes to be. I believe the poet and the artist is ahead of the curve, for they are the ones who maketh the statue of Diana – and all our worldly Idols.

Eleanor was the Queen of the Troubadors and Courtly Love. The origina of her name is a mystery. She no doubt saw herself as Queen of the Muses, the ‘Rose of the World’ a name that Henry spitefully applied to his mistress, who was born Joan Clifford. Joan, or Jean, descends from Rollo, as does Eleanor.

My mother, Rosemay Rosamond, was mistaken for the actress who played Casandra in the movie ‘Helen of Troy’. Every now and then she would take from hiding the letter her schoolmate sent her in order to refreshen the family legend. My ex-wife descends from Woden. Mary Ann Thorvaldson saw herself as a modern day Amazon.

No doubt King Henry became afraid of Eleanor, as did my father of Rosemary. At times, Rena frightened me. When she saw a coed wearing the same cape as she, she was livid. The veins on her forehead became pronounced, and formed a Y as she shot daggers at her young rival.

Jon Presco

Copyright 2013


Her testimonial launch of the Second Crusade from Vézelay, the rumored location of Mary Magdalene´s grave, dramatically emphasized the role of women in the campaign

In the Pseudo-Apollodorus Epitome of the Bibliotheke[6] she is said to have been killed by Achilles, “who fell in love with the Amazon after her death and slew Thersites for jeering at him”. The common interpretation of this has been that Achilles was romantically enamored of Penthesilea[7] (a view that appears to be supported by Pausanias, who noted that the throne of Zeus at Olympia bore Panaenus’ painted image of the dying Penthesilea being supported by Achilles).[8] Twelfth-century Byzantine scholar Eustathius of Thessalonica postulated a more brutal and literalist reading of the term loved, however, maintaining that Achilles actually committed an act of necrophilia on her corpse as a final insult to her.[9]
The Greek Thersites mockingly jeered at Achilles’s treatment of Penthesilea’s body, whereupon Achilles killed him. “When the roughneck was at last killed by Achilles, for mocking the hero’s lament over the death of the Amazon queen Penthesilea, a sacred feud was fought for Thersites’ sake”:[10] Thersites’ cousin Diomedes, enraged at Achilles’ action, harnessed Penthesilea’s corpse behind his chariot, dragged it and cast it into the Scamander, whence, however, it was retrieved and given decent burial, whether by Achilles or by the Trojans is not known from our fragmentary sources.[11]


The remains of the medieval Woodstock Palace were cleared in 1705 to build Blenheim Palace, designed by John Vanbrugh for the first Duke of Marlborough after his victory against the French at the battle of Blenheim in 1704. The beautiful Marlborough Maze, which ingeniously incorporates cannonballs, trumpets and flags inspired by Grinling Gibbons’s Panoply of Victory roof carvings, was opened in 1991. It also includes a V sign in honour of Winston Churchill, who was born at the palace. According to the head gardener, Hilary Wood, it takes six people with hedge trimmers a week to prune the maze’s two miles of tapered yew hedges every October.

At any rate, for some reason, Henry became dissatisfied with Wace’s work (or with Wace himself), and withdrew his patronage. Wace breaks off from his narrative, and writes:
“Let he whose business it is continue the story. I am referring to Master Beneeit [probably Benoît de Saint-Maure], who has undertaken to tell of this affair, as the king has assigned the task to him; since the king asked him to do it, I must abandon it and fall silent. The king in the past was very good to me. He gave me a great deal and promised me more, and if he had given me everything he promised me things would have gone better for me. I could not have it, it did not please the king; but it is not my fault. I have known three king Henrys and seen them all in Normandy; all three had lordship over Normandy and England. The second Henry, about whom I am talking, was the grandson of the first Henry and born of Matilda, the empress, and the third was the son of the second. Here ends the book of Master Wace; anyone who wishes to do more, let him do it.”

Eleanor of Aquitaine was one of the most powerful and fascinating personalities of feudal Europe. At age 15 she married Louis VII, King of France, bringing into the union her vast possessions from the River Loire to the Pyrenees. Only a few years later, at age 19, she knelt in the cathedral of Vézelay before the celebrated Abbé Bernard of Clairvaux offering him thousands of her vassals for the Second Crusade. It was said that Queen Eleanor appeared at Vézelay dressed like an Amazon galloping through the crowds on a white horse, urging them to join the crusades.
While the church may have been pleased to receive her thousand fighting vassals, they were less happy when they learned that Eleanor, attended by 300 of her ladies, also planned to go to help “tend the wounded.”
The presence of Eleanor, her ladies and wagons of female servants, was criticized by commentators throughout her adventure. Dressed in armor and carrying lances, the women never fought. And when they reached the city of Antioch, Eleanor found herself deep in a renewed friendship with Raymond, her uncle, who had been appointed prince of the city. Raymond, only a few years older than Eleanor, was far more interesting and handsome than Eleanor’s husband, Louis. When Raymond decided that the best strategic objective of the Crusade would be to recapture Edessa, thus protecting the Western presence in the Holy Land, Eleanor sided with his view. Louis, however, was fixated on reaching Jerusalem, a less sound goal. Louis demanded that Eleanor follow him to Jerusalem. Eleanor, furious, announced to one and all that their marriage was not valid in the eyes of God, for they were related through some family connections to an extent prohibited by the Church. Wounded by her claim, Louis nonetheless forced Eleanor to honor her marriage vows and ride with him. The expedition did fail, and a defeated Eleanor and Louis returned to France in separate ships.


Eleanor (or Aliénor) was the oldest of three children of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, whose glittering ducal court was renowned in early 12th-century Europe, and his wife, Aenor de Châtellerault, the daughter of Aimeric I, Viscount of Châtellerault, and Dangerose de l’ Isle Bouchard, who was William IX’s longtime mistress as well as Eleanor’s maternal grandmother. Her parents’ marriage had been arranged by Dangerose with her paternal grandfather William IX.
Eleanor was named for her mother Aenor and called Aliénor from the Latin alia Aenor, which means the other Aenor. It became Eléanor in the langues d’oïl of Northern France and Eleanor in English.[3] There was, however, another prominent Eleanor before her: Eleanor of Normandy, an aunt of William the Conqueror, who lived a century earlier than Eleanor of Aquitaine.
By all accounts, Eleanor’s father ensured that she had the best possible education.[7] Although her native tongue was Poitevin, she was taught to read and speak Latin, was well versed in music and literature, and schooled in riding, hawking, and hunting.[8] Eleanor was extroverted, lively, intelligent, and strong-willed. In the spring of 1130, her four-year-old brother William Aigret and their mother died at the castle of Talmont, on Aquitaine’s Atlantic coast. Eleanor became the heir presumptive to her father’s domains. The Duchy of Aquitaine was the largest and richest province of France; Poitou (where Eleanor spent most of her childhood) and Aquitaine together were almost one-third the size of modern France. Eleanor had only one other legitimate sibling, a younger sister named Aelith but always called Petronilla. Her half brothers William and Joscelin were acknowledged by William X as his sons, but not as his heirs. Later, during the first four years of Henry II’s reign, all three siblings joined Eleanor’s royal household.

Home, however, was not easily reached. Louis and Eleanor, on separate ships due to their disagreements, were first attacked in May 1149 by Byzantine ships attempting to capture both on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor. Although they escaped this predicament unharmed, stormy weather served to drive Eleanor’s ship far to the south (to the Barbary Coast) and lose track of her husband. Neither was heard of for over two months. In mid-July, Eleanor’s ship finally reached Palermo in Sicily, where she discovered that she and her husband had both been given up for dead. The king still lost, she was given shelter and food by servants of King Roger II of Sicily, until the king eventually reached Calabria, and she set out to meet him there. Later, at King Roger’s court in Potenza, she learned of the death of her uncle Raymond, who was beheaded by Muslim forces in the Holy Land. This appears to have forced a change of plans, for instead of returning to France from Marseilles, they went to see Pope Eugene III in Tusculum, where he had been driven five months before by a revolt of the Commune of Rome.
Eugene did not, as Eleanor had hoped, grant an annulment. Instead, he attempted to reconcile Eleanor and Louis, confirming the legality of their marriage. He proclaimed that no word could be spoken against it, and that it might not be dissolved under any pretext. Eventually, he arranged events so that Eleanor had no choice but to sleep with Louis in a bed specially prepared by the pope. Thus was conceived their second child – not a son, but another daughter, Alix of France.
The marriage was now doomed. Still without a son and in danger of being left with no male heir, facing substantial opposition to Eleanor from many of his barons and her own desire for divorce, Louis had no choice but to bow to the inevitable. On 11 March 1152, they met at the royal castle of Beaugency to dissolve the marriage. Hugues de Toucy, Archbishop of Sens, presided, and Louis and Eleanor were both present, as were the Archbishops of Bordeaux and Rouen. Archbishop Samson of Reims acted for Eleanor.

Of all her influence on culture, Eleanor’s time in Poitiers between 1168 and 1173 was perhaps the most critical, yet very little is known about it. Henry II was elsewhere, attending to his own affairs after escorting Eleanor there.[20]
It is Eleanor’s court in Poitiers that some believe to have been the “Court of Love”, where Eleanor and her daughter Marie meshed and encouraged the ideas of troubadours, chivalry, and courtly love into a single court. It may have been largely a court (meaning a place rather than a judicial setting) to teach manners, as the French courts would be known for in later generations. The existence and reasons for this court are debated.
In The Art of Courtly Love, Andreas Capellanus (Andrew the chaplain) refers to the court of Poitiers. He claims that Eleanor, her daughter Marie, Ermengarde, Viscountess of Narbonne, and Isabelle of Flanders would sit and listen to the quarrels of lovers and act as a jury to the questions of the court that revolved around acts of romantic love. He records some twenty-one cases, the most famous of them being a problem posed to the women about whether or not true love can exist in marriage. According to Capellanus, the women decided that it was not at all likely.[21]

Henry lost the woman reputed to be his great love, Rosamund Clifford, in 1176. He had met her in 1166 and began his liaison in 1173, supposedly contemplating divorce from Eleanor. This notorious affair caused a monkish scribe to transcribe Rosamond’s name in Latin to “Rosa Immundi”, or “Rose of Unchastity”. The king had many mistresses, but although he treated earlier liaisons discreetly, he flaunted Rosamond. He may have done so to provoke Eleanor into seeking an annulment but, if so, the queen disappointed him. Nevertheless, rumours persisted, perhaps assisted by Henry’s camp, that Eleanor had poisoned Rosamund. Henry donated much money to Godstow Nunnery, where Rosamund was buried.

Penthesilea (Greek: Πενθεσίλεια) or Penthesileia was an Amazonian queen in Greek mythology, the daughter of Ares and Otrera[1] and the sister of Hippolyta, Antiope and Melanippe. Quintus Smyrnaeus[2] explains more fully than pseudo-Apollodorus how Penthesilea came to be at Troy: Penthesilea had killed Hippolyta with a spear when they were hunting deer; this accident caused Penthesilea so much grief that she wished only to die, but, as a warrior and an Amazon, she had to do so honorably and in battle. She therefore was easily convinced to join in the Trojan War, fighting on the side of Troy’s defenders.


Penthesilea arrives in Troy at the start of Posthomerica the night before the fighting is due to recommence for the first time after Hector’s death and funeral. She came to Troy for two reasons: firstly, to prove to others that her people, the Amazons, are great warriors and can share the hardships of war and, secondly, to appease the Gods after she accidentally killed her sister, Hippolyta, while hunting. She arrived with twelve companions and promised the Trojans that she would kill Achilles. On her first, and only, day of fighting, Penthesilea kills many men and clashes with Telamonian Ajax, although there is no clear victor, before she comes face to face with Achilles, who had been summoned by Telamonian Ajax. Prior to Achilles’ entrance, Penthesilea had tried to fight Telamonian Ajax but he had merely laughed off her attempts, thinking her unfit to face him. Achilles eventually kills her, needing only one blow to her breastplate to knock her over and leave her begging for her life. He is unmoved by her pleas, however, and kills her. He mocks her corpse until he removes her helmet: at which point Achilles feels strong remorse.[3]




The Temple of the Stag Goddess, Diana, Central London
Built on the site of the present St. Paul’s cathedral, a lunar site traditionally recognised as being ruled by the Moon Goddess and Goddess of Hunting, Diana. Consequently it has also been closely associated with the worship of the Stag and the Horned God. According to legend, as recorded by in 1136, seventy years after the Norman Conquest of England, a Welsh cleric named Geoffrey of Monmouth completed a work in Latin which he titled Historia Regum Britanniae, or History of the Kings of Britain. This a detailed narrative which begins with the Trojan diaspora which followed the fall of Troy. Geoffrey said that King Brutus (who gave his name to Britain), was guided by the goddess Diana to lead Britain’s first inhabitants to the island, arriving around 1100 BC. Thus, it is worth speculating whether Brutus (Brwth) himself was connected with the Pagan site which once stood on St. Paul’s Cathedral.
The site is also connected with the King Lud, who gave his name to the present day Ludgate Circus and Ludgate Hill, on on which St. Paul’s Cathedral stands. Heli (Beli Mawr in the Welsh) in about the year 113 BC. Lud, the son of Heli (Beli Mawr), became King in 73 BC. Lud rebuilt the city of London that King Brutus had founded and had named New Troy, and renamed it Caerlud, the city of Lud, after his own name. The name of the city was later corrupted to Caerlundein, which the Romans took up as Londinium, hence London. At his death, Lud was buried in an entrance to the city that still bears his name, Ludgate. My intuition tells me that Ludgate Hill was a scared site for the Celts, probably because of it’s connections with Brutus and Lud.
The destruction of the Pagan temple at Ludgate Hill happened in 597 AD, when this sacred site of the Celtic Britons had the first St. Paul’s Cathedral on Ludgate Hill – bulit by the Saxon King Aethelbert of Kent. However, after Aethelbert and one of his subordinate Kings Saeberht of Essex both died in 616 AD, the people of London reverted back to Paganism, and leading Christian clerics such as Mellitus where forced to flee the city. It would be another fifty years before Christianity once more took hold – meaning that London was a Pagan city up until the 7th century AD.
Apparently when the building of the present St. Paul’s cathedral began in 1675, architect Sir Christopher Wren, discovered remains of the Stag Goddess temple in the foundations of the previous Catherdral destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666.

The site of the the Maze at Maze Hill
Greenwich has many geomantric and shamanistic sites, the original Maze Hill, for example, was a almost certainly an initiation centre, probably dating from pre-Christian times. Such sites once existed all over the island of Britain. According to Jack Gale writing in Other Meridians, Another Greenwich, Morden College in Blackheath is believed to have built a on maze “not unlike that on the slopes of Glastonbury Tor”. (1) One author E O Gordon described after visiting the area, how the Maze is still visible in what looks like a natural basin in which Morden College nestles. She concluded that the physical features and the basins contours indicated the site of the Maze:
“Not far from the entrance of Morden College, successive ridges and depressions, faintly discernible, represent the remains of a labyrinth pathway. An old survey of the Manor of Greenwich shows that the familiar thoroughfare of Maze Hill, led direct to the maze”.(1)
Another possible site of a Maze was near The Point, on the edge of Blackheath Common in a area once known as Troy Town. According to Gale, this also may have been the site of ancient maze. (Other Meridians, Another Greenwich, Jack Gale, Adelphi, London, England, 1994, p 22).

The History of the Kings of Britain is a detailed narrative which begins with the Trojan diaspora which followed the fall of Troy. Geoffrey spends many pages on Brutus, the Trojan who was guided by the goddess Diana to lead Britain’s first inhabitants to the island (that is, if you don’t count the giants that were living there at the time). Brutus founded the city of Troia Nova (New Troy), later called Trinovantum, later called London, and it is after him that the island and its new resident population are named.[6] From these beginnings the Britons developed a sophisticated civilization, complete with roads, amphitheaters, and baths. Two wise lawgivers, Dunvallo Molmutius and Queen Marcia, separately codified bodies of just laws for the people.[7] There was a dramatic power struggle between two brothers, Belinus and Brennius, over the kingship of Britain to which Geoffrey pays special attention. Eventually the Romans show up, and they are surprised to find a civilization very much like their own thriving on this island that was “situated on almost the utmost border of the earth . . . and poised in the divine balance, as it is said, which supports the whole world.”[8]

The Historia Regum Britanniae (English: The History of the Kings of Britain) is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written c. 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth. It chronicles the lives of the kings of the Britons in a chronological narrative spanning a time of two thousand years, beginning with the Trojans founding the British nation and continuing until the Anglo-Saxons assumed control of much of Britain around the 7th century. It is one of the central pieces of the Matter of Britain.
Although credited uncritically well into the 16th century,[1] since the 17th century it has been credited with little value as history – when events described, such as Julius Caesar’s invasions of Britain, can be corroborated from contemporary histories, Geoffrey’s account can be seen to be wildly inaccurate – but it remains a valuable piece of medieval literature, which contains the earliest known version of the story of King Lear and his three daughters, and introduced non-Welsh-speakers to the legend of King Arthur.

Geoffrey claimed to have translated the Historia into Latin from “a very ancient book in the British tongue”, given to him by Walter, Archdeacon of Oxford.[3][4][5] However, few modern scholars take this claim seriously.[3][6][7] Much of the work appears to be derived from Gildas’s 6th century polemic The Ruin of Britain, Bede’s 8th century Ecclesiastical History of the English People, the 9th century History of the Britons ascribed to Nennius, the 10th century Welsh Annals, medieval Welsh genealogies (such as the Harleian Genealogies) and king-lists, the poems of Taliesin, the Welsh tale Culhwch and Olwen, and some of the medieval Welsh Saint’s Lives,[3] expanded and turned into a continuous narrative by Geoffrey’s own imagination.
[edit] Influence
In an exchange of manuscript material for their own histories, Robert of Torigny gave Henry of Huntington a copy of Historia regum Britanniae, which both Robert and Henry used uncritically as authentic history and subsequently used in their own works,[8] by which means some of Geoffrey’s fictions became embedded in popular history. The history of Geoffrey forms the basis for much British lore and literature as well as being a rich source of material for Welsh bards. It became tremendously popular during the High Middle Ages, revolutionising views of British history before and during the Anglo-Saxon period despite the criticism of such writers as William of Newburgh and Gerald of Wales. The prophecies of Merlin in particular were often drawn on in later periods, for instance by both sides in the issue of English influence over Scotland under Edward I and his successors.
The Historia was quickly translated into Norman verse by Wace (the Roman de Brut) in 1155. Wace’s version was in turn translated into Middle English verse by Layamon (the Brut) in the early 13th century. In the second quarter of the 13th century, a version in Latin verse, the Gesta Regum Britanniae, was produced by William of Rennes. Material from Geoffrey was incorporated into a large variety of Anglo-Norman and Middle English prose compilations of historical material from the 13th century onward.

We now come to the History of Jon.
Jon, Jôn, Jhon, Jan, are all the same name, though the pronunciation varies, as the seamen like to shorten everything to be able to make it easier to call. Jon—that is, “Given”—was a sea-king, born at Alberga, who sailed
p. 92 p. 93
from the Flymeer with a fleet of 127 ships fitted out for a long voyage, and laden with amber, tin, copper, cloth, linen, felt, otter-skins, beaver and rabbit skins. He would also have taken paper from here, but when he saw how Kalta * had destroyed the citadel he became so angry that he went off with all his people to Flyburgt, and out of revenge set fire to it. His admiral and some of his people saved the lamp and the maidens, but they could not catch Sijrhed (or Kalta). She climbed up on the furthest battlement, and they thought she must be killed in the flames; but what happened? While all her people stood transfixed with horror, she appeared upon her steed more beautiful than ever, calling to them, “To Kalta!” Then the other Schelda people poured out towards her. When the seamen saw that, they shouted, “We are for Min-erva!” from which arose a war in which thousands were killed.
At this time Rosamond the mother, who had done all in her power by gentle means to preserve peace, when she saw how bad it was, made short work of it. Immediately she sent messengers throughout all the districts to call a general levy, which brought together all the defenders of the country. The landsmen who were fighting were all caught, but Jon with his seamen took refuge on board his fleet, taking with him the two lamps, as well as Minerva and the maidens of both the citadels. Helprik, the chief, summoned him to appear; but while all the soldiers were on the other side of the Scheldt, Jon sailed back to the Flymeer, and then straight to our islands. His fighting men and many of our people took women and children on board, and when Jon saw that he and his people would be punished for their misdeeds, he secretly took his departure. He did well, for all our islanders, and the other Scheldt people who had been fighting were
p. 94 p. 95
transported to Britain. This step was a mistake, for now came the beginning of the end.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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