“One hundred years ago, political leaders in every community were the pastors. They were the voices that were heard. They were the voices that had the influence. Politicians know that and the government knows that – and they are trying to shut the mouths of especially evangelicals.”
John Withersppon was a Signer of the Constitution and a famous pastor in Scotland and America. Why didn’t he run for President of the United States, or, the Governor of South Carolina? Why didn’t God make John run for office and be His Voice?
Franklin would have a much easier time fathoming God-Polticis if he tried telling the truth for a change. God is THE TRUTH. To accuse the President of the United States of preventing pastors from holding every political office in America, is BULLSHIT! Women did not own the right to vote in 1912 – or 1776. Women were not allowed to become pastors. When did all black people, and black pastors get to vote in America? How many black pastors in the North ran for public office? If it has always been about getting more Christian folks to vote, then non-Christians, and white male pastors were in power, then why not give women the right the vote? The truth is, white Confederate pastors preached slavery from the pulpiit employing God’s Words. When the aboltinists won at the polling places, seditious Confederate pastors preached murder, called for the death of Union pastors. Souhtern preachers preached – TREASON!
Below is an old post.
Above is a photo of Dottie Witherspoon and I. The Witherspoons are in the Peerage, and thanks to my discovery, are kin to the Royal Stewarts, thus, William and Harry Windsor. Dottie is also kin to the Bentons.
Below is a list of Dottie’s kin who entered American politics and won important seats in the U.S. Government. The Witherspoons are the First Family of American Politics. I traveled with Dottie to South Carolina to meet her relatives. No sooner was Dottie in my mother’s home, then she has locked herself in the bathroom after Rosemary pointed out her many freckles as being unsightly. Red hair and freckles is a trait of the Scots Ulsterman who fought the British for our Freedom. Take not of how much Dottie resembles the Signer, John Witherspoon, who descends from John Knox, a Calvinist who married a Stewart. Dottie has a double dose of Stewart blood. She is American Royalty. We talked about getting married.
Above is a painting of Louis Tevis Breckenridge Sharon, who married a Witherspoon, and then a Sharon, the weathiest family in California. Her father founded Wells Fargo bank.
“We know that from of the statistics that I’ve heard that the majority of Christians in this country just did not vote for whatever reason. The vast majority of evangelicals did not go to the polls. God is in control, and if Christians are upset, they need to be upset at themselves. We need to do a better job of getting our people- the church to vote. Now, I’m not trying to tell you how to vote, you can vote, but vote, my goodness, and vote for candidates that stand for Biblical values.”
Dottie and I owned a wonder cat who walked with us to the park and played with the dogs she befriended. They would chase each other around. She is wathcing them intently before she comes out of the tree and chases them again.
In today’s news, Bachman is saying President Obama is un-American, with the help of De Mint of South Carolina. Never mind that this black man is the living banner of True Democracy where all men are free, and freed, after a terrible Civil War was fought against Traitors and secessionists who wanted to keep their slaves, slaves.
The Witherspoons and Rosamonds owned slaves and worked them on their South Carolina Plantations. They fought under Francis Marion ‘The Swamp Fox’ in the Revolutionary War. Dottie and I met in Boston just after I my nine month court battle with the Mafia – that I won. I survived an attempt on my life and was introduced to the Mayor of Boston who shook my hand.
“It took a lot of guts to stand up to these guys!” he said.
The Mafia was trying to make a dishonest Realestate deal on Beacon Hill, where the Kennedys- their hated enemies – had a home. I put a stop to it.
The Breckinridge family is a family of politicians and public figures from the United States. The family has included six members of the United States House of Representatives, two United States Senators, a cabinet member, two Ambassadors, a Vice President of United States and an unsuccessful Presidential candidate. Breckinridges have served as college presidents, prominent ministers, soldiers, theologians and in important positions at state and local levels. The family was most notable in the State of Kentucky. Below is a list of members.
Alexander Breckenridge (1686–1743), First Breckenridge in New World, emigrated to Philadelphia PA c. 1728. Married to Jane Preston in 1695 in County Londonderry, Ireland. She was sister of Robert Preston, first Speaker of Kentucky State House of Representatives .
Robert Breckenridge, Sr. (1720–1773), here termed Colonel Robert Breckenridge, Captain in Virginia militia during the French and Indian War and officer in the Revolutionary Army.[dubious – discuss] Son of Alexander Breckenridge I. Married first Sarah Poage. After his first wife’s death Breckenridge married second, his first cousin Letitia Preston.
Alexander Breckenridge, son of Robert Breckenridge and Sarah Poage, here termed Captain Alexander Breckenridge. Married wealthy widow Jane Buchanan Floyd whose son John Floyd was Governor of Virginia.
James Douglas Breckinridge, son of Captain Alexander Breckenridge (d. 1849), member of Kentucky House of Representatives (1809–11) and the U.S. House of Representatives (1821–23).
Robert Breckenridge (1754–1833), son of Col. Robert Breckenridge and Sarah Poage, Revolutionary War General. Ratifier of the U.S. Constitution. Kentucky State Representative 1792-1795. Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives. Brother of Captain Alexander Breckenridge; half-brother of John Breckinridge and James Breckinridge. Robert Breckenridge never married. Nota Bene: During his lifetime Colonel Robert Breckenridge spelled his surname as shown here, as did his father Alexander Breckenridge I. His sons by Leticia Preston, (i.e. James and John) began spelling the family name ‘Breckinridge’. 
James Breckinridge (1763–1833), Virginia House Delegate 1789-1802 1806-1808 1819-1821 1823-1824, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia 1809-1817. Brother of John Breckinridge, Son of Robert Breckinridge and Letitia Preston.
John Breckinridge (1760–1806), Member of House of Burgesses, U.S. District Attorney of Kentucky 1793-1794, Attorney General of Kentucky 1793-1797, Kentucky State Representative 1788-1790 1799-1801, delegate to the Kentucky Constitutional Convention 1799, U.S. Senator from Kentucky 1801-1805, Attorney General of the United States under Jefferson 1805-1806. Married Mary Hopkins Cabell in 1785. Half-brother of Alexander and Robert Breckenridge, brother of James Breckinridge, Son of Colonel Robert Breckinridge and Letitia Preston.
Letitia Breckinridge, Daughter of John Breckinridge. Married first to Alfred William Grayson in 1804. Graduate of Cambridge University, lawyer, son of Senator William Grayson of Virginia. Died in 1810. Married second to Peter B. Porter (1773–1844), New York Assemblyman 1802 and 1828, U.S. Representative from New York 1809-1813 and 1815–1816, New York Secretary of State 1815-1816, U.S. Secretary of War 1828-1829.
General John Breckinridge Grayson (1806–1862) Born at Cabell’s Dale, Fayette County, Kentucky. Son of Letitia Preston Breckinridge and Alfred William Grayson. Graduated West Point Military Academy, 1826. Lieutenant Colonel U.S. Army at outbreak of Civil War, resigned in 1861, enterest C.S.A. and commissioned Brigadier General. Died while in command of the coastal defenses of Georgia and Florida, in Tallahassee 1862.
Colonel Peter A. Porter (1827–1864), New York Assemblyman 1861-62, Colonel of the 129th New York State Volunteers, killed in action, 1864, Only son of Peter Buell Porter. Married cousin Mary Cabell Breckinridge in 1852.
Peter A. Porter (1853–1925), member of the New York Legislature, U.S. Representative from New York 1907-1909. Son of Peter Augustus Porter and Mary Cabell Breckinridge, Grandson of Peter Buell Porter.
Joseph Cabell Breckinridge I (1788–1823), Major in War of 1812. Kentucky State Representative 1817-1818, Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives. Kentucky Secretary of State 1820-1823. Married Mary Clay Smith, daughter of Samuel Stanhope Smith, President of Princeton University. Son of John Breckinridge.
John Cabell Breckinridge (1821–1875) Member Kentucky House of Representatives 1849-51. U.S. Representative from Kentucky 1851-55. Delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856. Vice President of the United States 1857-61. Candidate for President of the United States 1860. United States Senator from Kentucky 1861. Confederate States Secretary of War 1865. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge I. 
Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, II (1844–1906) Major in the C.S.A. Married Sallie Frances Johnson, daughter of Robert Ward Johnson in 1869. Son of Hon. John Cabell Breckinridge. 
John Cabell Breckinridge, II (1870–1941) Prominent New York attorney. Married to Isabella Goodrich (1874–1961), daughter of B.F. Goodrich. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge. Grandson of John Cabell Breckinridge.
Mary Marvin Breckinridge (1905–2002), Photojournalist, cinematographer, and philanthropist. Daughter of John Cabell Breckinridge, II and Isabella Goodrich. Great-granddaughter or John Cabell Breckinridge and granddaughter of B.F. Goodrich.
Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge (1846–1932), U.S. Representative from Arkansas 1883-1889 1890-1895, U.S. Minister to Russia 1894-1897, delegate to the Arkansas Constitutional Convention 1917. Married Katherine Breckinridge Carson in 1876. Son of Hon. John Cabell Breckinridge.
James Carson Breckinridge (1877–1942) Lieutenant General, U.S.M.C., Married Dorothy Throckmorton Thompson, 1922. Son of Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge.
Mary Breckinridge (1881–1965), Founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. Married Richard Thompson. Daughter of Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge, sister of James Carson Breckinridge.
John Witherspoon Owen Breckinridge (1850–1892) Member of California State Assembly 1884-85. Son of Hon. John Cabell Breckinridge. Married to Louise Tevis, daughter of Lloyd Tevis, First President of Wells Fargo Bank.
John Cabell Breckinridge, Sr. (1879–1914) Prominent San Francisco businessman. Son of John Witherspoon Owen Breckinridge. Married Adelaide Murphy, daughter of Samuel Green Murphy, President of the First National Bank of San Francisco, California.
John Cabell “Bunny” Breckinridge, Jr. (1903–1996) Actor and drag queen. Son of John Cabell Breckinridge, Sr.
Rev. John Breckinridge, D. D. (1797–1841) Born at Cabell’s Dale, son of John Breckinridge. Presbyterian Minister. Graduated Princeton College 1818, Princeton Theological Seminary 1821. Chaplain of the U.S. House of Representatives. Married in 1823 Margaret, daughter of Rev. Samuel Miller D. D.
Mary Cabell Breckinridge (1826–1854) Married cousin Colonel Peter A. Porter in 1852. Daughter of Rev. John Breckinridge.
Samuel Miller Breckinridge (1828–1891) Member of Missouri legislature 1854-1855. Became Circuit Court judge in 1859. Elder in the Presbyterian Church and a leading member of its General Assembly. Married Virginia Harrison Castleman. Son of Rev. John Breckinridge.
Margaret Miller Breckinridge (1851–1919) Married St. Louis, Missouri businessman William Strudwick Long. Daughter of Samuel Miller Breckinridge.
Samuel Miller Breckinridge Long (1881–1958) lawyer and diplomat. Graduated Princeton in 1904. Advisor to Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. U.S. Ambassador to Italy 1933-36. U.S. delegate to Dumbarton Oaks Conference. Son of Margaret Miller Breckinridge and William Strudwick Long.
Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (1800–1871), Kentucky State Representative 1825-1828, Kentucky Superintendent of Public Instruction 1849-1853, candidate for delegate to the Kentucky Constitutional Convention 1849. Son of John Breckinridge. Married Ann Sophonisba Preston in 1823.
Mary Cabell Breckinridge, (born 1828) Daughter of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge. Married to William Warfield.
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (1851–1921), Presbyterian theologian, principal of Princeton Theological Seminary. Son of Mary Cabell Breckinridge and William Warfield.
Ethelbert Dudley Warfield (1861–1936) Graduate of Princeton, Oxford, and Columbia Law School. President of Miami University and Lafayette College, author, Director of Princeton Theological Seminary. Son of Mary Cabell Breckinridge and William Warfield.
Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, Jr. (1834–1915), Confederate States Representative from Kentucky 1862-1865, Colonel in the Confederate States Army, Kentucky Common Pleas Court Judge 1876. Son of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge. Married Katharine Morrison in 1856.
Marie Lettice Preston Breckinridge (born 1836), married Rev. William Collins Handy in 1857.
L. Irving Handy (1861–1922), U.S. Representative from Delaware 1897-1899, delegate to the Democratic National Convention 1904. Son of Marie Lettice Preston Breckinridge and Rev. William Collins Handy. Nephew of William Campbell Preston Breckinridge.
William Campbell Preston Breckinridge (1837–1904), delegate to the Democratic National Convention 1876, U.S. Representative from Kentucky 1885-1895. Married Lucretia Hart Clay, granddaughter of Henry Clay. Son of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge.
Desha Breckinridge (1867–1935), editor and publisher of the Lexington Herald. Married Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, great-granddaughter of Henry Clay in 1898. Son of W.C.P. Breckinridge. Brother of Sophonisba Breckinridge.
Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge (1886–1948), Lawyer, Activist involved in Women’s rights, Civil Rights, Labor, and Pacifist movements; namesake of Breckinridge House, a dormitory of the University of Chicago. Daughter of W.C.P. Breckinridge. Sister of Desha Breckinridge.
Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr. (1842–1921), General in the U.S. Army. Married Louise Ludlow Dudley, daughter of Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley, 1868. Son of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge.
Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Jr. (1872–1898), U.S. Naval officer, drowned. Namesake of USS Breckinridge. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr.
Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley Breckinridge (1875–1914) Graduated Princeton 1898, Captain in U.S. Army, wounded in the Philippine-American War. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr. Married Genevieve Pearson Mattingly (1878–1957).
William Mattingly Breckinridge (1905–1996) Major General, U.S. Army. Chief of the U.S. Army Security Agency. Married Frances Naylor. Son of Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley Breckinridge.
Scott Dudley Breckinridge, Sr. (1882–1941) Physician in Lexington, Kentucky, author, U.S. Fencing Champion (Foil), 1906 and 1914. Competed in 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm. Married Gertrude Ashby Bayne. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr.
John Bayne Breckinridge (1913–1979), Colonel in U.S. Army during World War II. Kentucky State Representative 1956-59, Attorney General of Kentucky 1960-64, 1968–1972, delegate to the Democratic National Convention 1960, U.S. Representative from Kentucky 1973-79. Son of Scott Dudley Breckinridge, Sr.
Scott Dudley Breckinridge, Jr. (1917–2000) Deputy Inspector General of the C.I.A., author. Married Helen Virden Babbit. Son of Scott Dudley Breckinridge, Sr.
Henry Skillman Breckinridge (1886–1960), Colonel in U.S. Army, United States Assistant Secretary of War, prominent attorney, U.S Fencing Champion (Épée), 1924. Son of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr. Married Ruth Bradley Woodman in 1910, member of prominent New England Perkins Family.
Elizabeth Foster Breckinridge (1911–2005), Prominent Washington, D.C. socialite and philanthropist. Daughter of Henry Skillman Breckinridge. Married to John Stephens Graham, attorney, Assistant U.S. Secretary of Treasury, Commissioner of U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, brother of Katherine G. Howard.
Rev. William Lewis Breckinridge, D. D. (1803–1876) Born at Cabell’s Dale, Fayette County, Kentucky. Presbyterian minister for 45 years. Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Council. Son of John Breckinridge. Married Frances Prevost in 1823, Granddaughter of President Samuel Stanhope Smith of Princeton University.
Francis Preston (1765-1736), Virginia House Delegate 1788-1789 1812-1814, U.S. Representative from Virginia 1793-1797, Virginia State Senator 1816-1820. Cousin of John Brown, John Breckinridge, and James Breckinridge, Grandson of Robert Preston.
William Campbell Preston (1794–1860), South Carolina State Representative 1828-1834, U.S. Senator from South Carolina 1833-1842. Son of Francis Preston.
William Ballard Preston (1805–1862), Virginia House Delegate 1830-1832 1844-1845, Virginia State Senator 1840-1844, U.S. Representative from Virginia 1847-1849, U.S. Secretary of War 1849-1850, Delegate to the Confederate States Congress from Virginia 1861-1862, Confederate States Senator from Virginia 1862. Nephew of Francis Preston.
William Preston (1816–1887), delegate to the Kentucky Constitutional Convention 1849, Kentucky State Representative 1850 1868-1869, Kentucky State Senator 1851-1853, U.S. Representative from Kentucky 1852-1855, delegate to the Democratic National Convention 1856, U.S. Minister to Spain 1859-1861. Nephew of Francis Preston.
John Brown (1757–1837), Virginia State Senator 1784-1788, Delegate to the Continental Congress from Virginia 1787-1788, U.S. Representative from
Virginia 1789-1792, U.S. Senator from Kentucky 1792-1805. Brother of James Brown, Cousin of John Breckinridge, James Breckinridge, and Francis Preston.
B. Gratz Brown (1826–1885), Missouri State Representative 1852-1858, delegate to the Republican National Convention 1860, U.S. Senator from Missouri 1863-1867, Governor of Missouri 1871-1873, candidate for Vice President of the United States 1872. Grandson of John Brown.
James Brown (1766–1835), U.S. District Attorney in Kentucky 1791, Kentucky Secretary of State 1792-1798, Secretary of the Territory of Orleans 1804, U.S. District Attorney in Louisiana 1805-1808, U.S. Senator from Louisiana 1813-1817 1819-1823, U.S. Minister to France 1823-1829. Brother of John Brown, Cousin of John Breckinridge, James Breckinridge, and Francis Preston.
Thomas H. Clay (1803–1871), U.S. Minister to Nicaragua 1863, U.S. Minister to Honduras 1863. Father-in-law of William Campbell Preston Breckinridge.
Henry Donnel Foster (1808–1880), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 1843-1847 1871-1873, Pennsylvania State Representative 1857, candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania 1860. Cousin of John C. Breckinridge.
John Witherspoon and his family were at one time the most educated in America. John was the President of Princeton. His daughter Ann married married Reverend Samuel Stanhope Smith who became the President of Princeton after John.
The Child of Ann Witherspoon and Reverend Samuel Stanhope Smith, Mary Stanhope Clay married Hon. Joseph Cabell Breckinridge was born on 24 July 1788 at Albemarle County, Virginia, U.S.A..2 He was the son of Hon. John Breckinridge and Mary Hopkins Cabell.1,2 He married Mary Stanhope Clay Smith, daughter of Reverend Samuel Stanhope Smith and Ann Witherspoon, on 11 May 1811. He died on 1 September 1823 at age 35 at Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky, U.S.A., from an epidemic.2
John’s daughter, Frances Withersppon, married David Ramsay the foremost American Historian of his age. These folks are in the Peerage, and their family tree is the foremost in American history. I am in this tree via the Bentons. These peoplewere highly educated in a wide range of subjects. They made America great. This family were Americans Bankers.
John Witherspoon Breckinridge was born on 22 December 1850 at Kentucky, U.S.A..3 He was the son of General John Cabell Breckinridge and Mary Cyrene Burch.2,3 He married, firstly, Florence Louise Tevis, daughter of Lloyd Tevis and Susan Gano Sanders.3 He and Florence Louise Tevis were divorced before 1881.3,4 He married, secondly, Harriett Turner, daughter of W. C. Turner, after 1881.3 He died on 9 May 1892 at age 41 at Merced County, California, U.S.A..3 He was buried at Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, U.S.A..3
John Witherspoon Breckinridge also went by the nick-name of Owen.4 He held the office of Member of the California State Assembly between 1884 and 1885.5,4 He lived between 1884 and 1885 at Merced County, California, U.S.A..4 He lived at San Francisco, California, U.S.A..1
Children of John Witherspoon Breckinridge and Florence Louise Tevis
Lloyd Tevis Breckinridge3 b. 1878, d. 1901
John Cabell Breckinridge+3 b. 1879, d. a Mar 1914
Florence Louise Breckinridge+1 b. Nov 1881, d. 4 Mar 1956
A son-in-law was Congressman David Ramsay, who married Frances Witherspoon on 18 March 1783. Another daughter, Ann, married Samuel Stanhope Smith, who succeeded Witherspoon as president of Princeton in 1795.
Witherspoon was a prominent evangelical Presbyterian minister in Scotland before becoming the sixth president of Princeton in 1768. Upon his arrival, he transformed a college designed predominantly to train clergymen into a school that would equip the leaders of a new Protestant national generation. Witherspoon made fundamental changes to the moral philosophy curriculum, strengthened the college’s commitment to natural philosophy an early form of science tempered with Christian principles, and positioned Princeton in the larger transatlantic world of the republic of letters. Although a proponent of Christian values, Witherspoon’s common sense approach to the Public morality of civil magistrates was more influenced by the Enlightenment ethics of Scottish philosophers Francis Hutcheson and Thomas Reid than the Christian virtue of Jonathan Edwards. In regards to civil magistrates, Witherspoon thus believed moral judgement should pursued as a science. In this regard, he held to old Roman Republic concepts of virtue in determining moral leadership in civil magistrates. It could be cultivated in his students or deduced through the development of the moral sense—an ethical compass instilled by God in all human beings and developed through religious education (Reid) or civil sociability (Hutcheson). Contrary to modern distinctions of morality, Witherspoon saw morality as having two distinct components: Spiritual and Temporal. Civil government owed more to the latter than the former in Witherspoon’s Presbyterian doctrine. Thus, public morality owed more to the natural moral laws of the Enlightenment than traditional sources of Christian ethics. However, as a Christian, Witherspoon saw the impossibility of maintaining public morality or virtue in the citizenry without an effective religion. In this sense, the temporal principles of morality required a religious component which derived its authority from the spiritual. Therefore, public religion was a vital necessity in maintaining the public morals. Thus, while “public morals” were derived from natural virtue, its ultimate source lay in the public religion of Christianity. However, in this framework, it was not incongruent for non-Christian societies to have virtue, which by his definition, could be found in natural law. Witherspoon, in accordance with the Scottish moral sense philosophy, taught that all human beings—Christian or otherwise—could be virtuous. Nonetheless, in keeping with the direction of destiny taught by the English Reformation, Scottish Reformation, and Irish Reformation colonial founders, he saw the new American national leaders, guided by their Christian religion, natural virtues, and republican sense of government, would be the most Protestant, Christian, Free, and therefore noble nation, a light to the world. Many of his students, including James Madison, Aaron Burr, Philip Freneau, William Bradford, and Hugh Henry Brackenridge, played prominent roles in the development of the new nation.
 Revolutionary War
As a native Scotsman, long wary of the power British Crown, Witherspoon saw the growing centralization of government, progressive ideology of colonial authorities, and establishment of Episcopacy authority as a threat to the Liberties of the colonies. Of particular interest to Witherspoon was the crown’s growing interference in the local and colonial affairs which previously had been the perogatives and rights of the American authorities. When the crown began to give additional authority to its appointed Episcopacy over Church affairs, British authorities hit a nerve in the Presbyterian Scot, who saw such events in the same lense as his Scottish Covenanters. Soon, Witherspoon came to support the Revolution, joining the Committee of Correspondence and Safety in early 1774. His 1776 sermon “The Dominion of Providence over the Passions of Men” was published in many editions and he was elected to the Continental Congress as part of the New Jersey delegation, appointed Congressional Chaplain by President Hancock, and in July 1776, voted to adopt the Virginia Resolution for Independence. In answer to an objection that the country was not yet ready for independence, according to tradition he replied that it “was not only ripe for the measure, but in danger of rotting for the want of it.”
In John Trumbull’s famous painting, Witherspoon is the second seated figure from the (viewer’s) right among those shown in the background facing the large table.Witherspoon served in Congress from June 1776 until November 1782 and became one of its most influential members and a workhorse of prodigious energy. He served on over 100 committees, most notably the powerful standing committees, the board of war and the committee on secret correspondence or foreign affairs. He spoke often in debate; helped draft the Articles of Confederation; helped organize the executive departments; played a major role in shaping foreign policy; and drew up the instructions for the peace commissioners. He fought against the flood of paper money, and opposed the issuance of bonds without provision for their amortization. “No business can be done, some say, because money is scarce,” he wrote. He also served twice in the New Jersey Legislature, and strongly supported the adoption of the United States Constitution during the New Jersey ratification debates.
In November 1778, as British forces neared, Witherspoon closed and evacuated the College of New Jersey. The main building, Nassau Hall, was badly damaged and his papers and personal notes were lost. Witherspoon was responsible for its rebuilding after the war, which caused him great personal and financial difficulty.
In 1780 he was elected to a one-year term in the New Jersey Legislative Council representing Somerset County.
 Death and burial
John Witherspoon Statue, Princeton
John Witherspoon Statue, Paisley, ScotlandWitherspoon had suffered eye injuries and was blind by 1792. He died in 1794 on his farm Tusculum, just outside of Princeton, and is buried in the Princeton Cemetery.
 Legacy and memoryWitherspoon has been viewed as being “not a profound scholar” but “an able college president”.
From among his students came 37 judges, three of whom made it to the U.S. Supreme Court; 10 Cabinet officers; 12 members of the Continental Congress, 28 U.S. senators, and 49 United States congressmen. His most prominent students were Aaron Burr and James Madison. When the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in America met in 1789, 52 of the 188 delegates had studied under Witherspoon.
The President’s House in Princeton, New Jersey, his home from 1768 to 1779 is a U.S. National Historic Landmark. A bronze statue at Princeton University by Scottish sculptor Alexander Stoddart is the twin of one outside The University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland. In Princeton today, a University dormitory built in 1877, the street running north from the University’s main gate, and the local public middle school all bear his name. Another statue stands near Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C., at the intersections of Connecticut Avenue, N and 18th Streets.
Paisley, Scotland honored Witherspoon’s memory by naming a newly constructed street in the town center after him, in honor of his having lived in Paisley for a portion of his adult life.
A son-in-law was Congressman David Ramsay, who married Frances Witherspoon on 18 March 1783. Another daughter, Ann, married Samuel Stanhope Smith, who succeeded Witherspoon as president of Princeton in 1795.
The Witherspoon Society is a body of laypeople within the Presbyterian Church (USA) in existence since 1979 that is activist in liberal and progressive causes that takes its name from John Witherspoon.
A merchant ship, the SS John Witherspoon, saw service during the second world war. It was part of convoy PQ-17, and was sunk by a German U-boat in the North Atlantic on July 6, 1942
The Witherspoon Institute is an independent research center that works to enhance public understanding of the moral foundations of free and democratic societies. Located in Princeton, it promotes the application of fundamental principles of republican government and ordered liberty to contemporary problems through a variety of centers, research programs, seminars, consultations, and publications.
Witherspoon was portrayed in the musical 1776 by Edmund Lyndeck in the 1969 stage play and by James Noble in the 1972 film.
David Ramsay (April 2, 1749 – May 8, 1815) was an American physician and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He served as a South Carolina delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and again in 1785–1786. He was one of the first major historians of the American Revolution.
The son of an Irish emigrant, he was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He graduated at Princeton University in 1765, received his medical degree at the University of Pennsylvania in 1773, and settled as a physician at Charleston, where he had a large practice.
During the American Revolutionary War he was, from 1776 to 1783, a member of the South Carolina legislature. When Charleston was threatened by the British in 1780, he served with the South Carolina militia as a field surgeon. After the city was captured in 1780, Ramsay was imprisoned for nearly a year at St. Augustine, Florida, until he was exchanged. From 1782 to 1786 he served in the Continental Congress, and from 1801 to 1815 in the state Senate, of which he was long president.
In his own day, Ramsay was better known as a historian and author than as a politician. He was one of the American Revolution’s first major historians. Ramsay writes with the knowledge and insights acquired by being personally involved in the events of the American Revolution. In 1785 he published in two volumes History of the Revolution of South Carolina, in 1789 in two volumes History of the American Revolution, in 1807 a Life of Washington, and in 1809 in two volumes a History of South Carolina.
Ramsay’s History of the United States in three volumes was published posthumously in 1816–1817, and forms the first three volumes of his Universal History Americanized, published in twelve volumes in 1819.
His brother was Congressman Nathaniel Ramsey, a brother-in-law of Charles Willson Peale.
Ramsay married three times. He was the son-in-law of John Witherspoon and Henry Laurens, and thus was also related (by marriage) to South Carolina Governor Charles Pinckney, Ralph Izard, John Rutledge, Arthur Middleton, Daniel Huger and Lewis Morris.
At the urging of Benjamin Rush and Richard Stockton, whom he met in Paisley, Witherspoon finally accepted another invitation (he had earlier turned one down in 1766) to become President and head professor of the small Presbyterian College of New Jersey in Princeton. To fulfill this, he and his family emigrated to New Jersey in 1768 at the age of 45. He became the sixth President of the college, later known as Princeton University.