Gooch Baronets

Jesse Benton married Anne Gooch who allegedly kin to Baron William Gooch, via his brother Rev. Thomas Gooch, who was Queen Anne’s personal minister. William had many military credentials including fighting under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough in his campaigns in the Low Countries. Anne and John Churchill are kindred of William and Harry Windsor via the Stewart Spencer family. The Gooch family are in the Peerage, a Gooch Barony established with William Gooch the Governor of Virginia.

Genealogists are confused about these links to the Gooch Baronets. I believe this is because Jesse Benton, and John Hart were straddling the fence between the Loyalists and the Rebels. The Hart family married a Gooch as well. The Hart-Bentons were close to Lord Tryon, and it is not clear whose side they were on in the Regulators War. I would suspect they sided with Lord Tryon and thus they were suspect when the Revolutionary War broke out. The dialogue over the Hartford Mill, suggests the Harts were expelled as Loyalists, then came back to marry into the Benton family who had severed ties with England.

The Loyalists were a wealthier class, they true capitlalists, thus, the propganda that this Democracy was founded for the protection of capitalists – is false! Britain is the Capitol of Colonial Capitalists who backed the idea of aExploiting Empire. Senator Thomas Hart Benton is the author of ‘Manifest Destiny’ thus one could say he knew he was of the Peerage.

Jon Presco

According to Calhoon,[15] Loyalists tended to be older and wealthier, but there were also many Loyalists of humble means. Many active Church of England members became Loyalists. Some recent arrivals from Britain, especially those from Scotland, had a high Loyalist proportion. Loyalists in the southern colonies were suppressed by the local Patriots, who controlled local and state government. Many people — including former Regulators in North Carolina — refused to join the rebellion, as they had earlier protested against corruption by local authorities who later became Revolutionary leaders. The oppression by the local Whigs during the Regulation led to many of the residents of backcountry North Carolina sitting out the Revolution or siding with the Loyalists.[15]
In areas under rebel control, Loyalists were subject to confiscation of property, and outspoken supporters of the king were threatened with public humiliation such as tarring and feathering, or physical attack. It is not known how many Loyalist civilians were harassed by the Patriots, but the treatment was a warning to other Loyalists not to take up arms. In September 1775, William Drayton and Loyalist leader Colonel Thomas Fletchall signed a treaty of neutrality in the interior community of Ninety Six, South Carolina.[16] For actively aiding the British army when it occupied Philadelphia, two residents of the city would be executed by returning Patriot forces.

Some work on locating Maddocks Mill on the Eno River
A Visit to Maddocks Mill and Hart Ford?
[Click any of the images to see an enlarged version] “Old Mattocks Mill”, the site where Regulators planned the plans that went awry and led to the Battle of Alamance is just west-northwest of Hillsborough, NC near the confluence of McGowans Creek and the Eno River, on the southwest corner of that intersection. It is likely that the dam powering the mill crossed the Eno a few yards downstream from the confluence and, depending on the length of the head race, that would put the mill a few yards plus some below the confluence. The site is now under “Corporation Lake”, an Orange-Alamance water source, and invisible. A worker at the nearby water processing plant said that during low water the dam can be seen in the lake bottom. It is said that the lake is almost completely silted up so, if they ever dredge the silt out of the lake, maybe we’ll get a more precise location and a chance to map this important historic site.

Because Regulator meetings occurred at his mill, to save his neck the owner, Joseph Mattock, gave the mill site to then Governor Wm Tryon. Tryon in turn gave it to one of his local loyal supporter, Thomas Hart. Mattock then led the Quakers of Eno Meeting (iincluding President Carter’s ancestors) to Georgia.

Some will recall that Hart and Benton both were involved with Judge Richard Henderson in the questionable purchase of Cherokee lands during the time of the Regulation. Henderson, Hart and Benton also played leading roles in the anti-Regulator movement in support of Governor Tryon’s clique. Jesse even spent some time as the Governor’s private secretary when he assume governorship of New York, but quickly returned to Carolina before the Revolutionary war. In fact, according to one of his scions, the noted polymath from UNC, Archibald Henderson, Judge Henderson may have aided the suppression of the Regulators so as to encourage Regulators to move west to lands purchased by the Judge, the Harts, Benton and others in modernKentucky and Tennessee.

With the governor’s gift to Thomas Hart, Mattocks Mill became Harts Mill, and the area around it became Hartford. Hart, a visionary along the lines of Judge Henderson, envisaged a planned community at Hartford, and he applied to the colony for the first college charter in North Carolina. The charter was granted for Hartford Academy and a headmaster hired. The doors opened in 1776. The headmaster was a Tory, and Hart himself was at best a lukewarm patriot, so the academy immediately closed. Hart moved to Maryland, apparently a healthier climate for Americans unenthusiastic about the revolution. He left the mill in the hands of Jesse Benton, his son-in-law and subordinate in various business ventures. Jesse, the father of Thomas Hart Benton, died trying to make a go of the mill complex. The painter, Thomas Hart Benton, famous for his New Deal murals and oils celebrating the noble folk of the great plains and mines was a grand nephew of some degree to the original of that name.

While he camped at Hillsborough, Revolutionary War General Cornwallis lost a detachment of twenty-some troops sent to grind meal and guard the Hart/Benton mill. A militia band led by Captain Joseph Graham attacked the mill and destroyed both the mill and British picket. This probably convinced the British that Hillsborough wasn’t nearly the safe resort they had hoped it would be and they left for friendlier parts and more functional mills soon thereafter.

In the vicinity of the old mill can be seen roadbeds that once led to the mill, at least one house site that may or may not relate to the mill (only archaeological testing will tell). Yet to be found and mapped are a ford and other remainders from these long ago days. The stone outcrops mentioned by Captain Graham may yet be found too.

Notes on the parties mentioned: Thomas Hart moved from Maryland to Kentucky, on to some of the land given to the Transylvania Company in recompense for its legally dubious settlement in the area of that state. He became a community leader and expired in good grace, his lack of Revolutionary fervor and his abuse of Regulators apparently were no bar to forgiveness. Jess Benton, as noted, died at Hartford.

Thomas Hart Benton at about age 17 went to UNC. He was caught stealing from his classmates, disgraced and ejected from the school. He moved to Tennesssee with his mother and siblings perhaps to escape the shame, perhaps to simply capitalize on the few crumbs of land unclaimed by his fathers creditors. He and his brothers fought what some called a duel but what really sounds like a simple gunfight with Andrew Jackson’s gang, and seriously wounded Ol’ Hickory. The Bentons then relocated to Missouri (Daniel Boone’s final settling place) where Thomas became a US Senator and served with and cooperated with Jackson.

The British troops killed and captured at Harts Mill and Graham’s militiamen who killed and captured them were finally commemorated with a history-on-a-stick plaque near the battle site, on Highway 70 just west of Hillsborough, NC and the Eno.

We’ll keep looking for artifacts of this fascinating little piece of American history.
Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet

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Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet (21 October 1681 – 17 December 1751), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, and died in London, served as Governor of Virginia from 1727 through 1749. Technically, Gooch only had the title Royal Lieutenant Governor, but the nominal governors, George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, and Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, were in England and did not exercise much authority. Gooch’s tenure as governor was characterized by his unusual political effectiveness. One of his greatest successes was the passage of the Tobacco Inspection Act of 1730. The Act called for the inspection and regulation of Virginia’s tobacco, the most important crop of the colony. Tobacco planters were required to transport their crop to public warehouses where it was inspected and stored. The Act raised the quality of Virginia’s tobacco and reduced fraud; this greatly increased the demand for Virginia tobacco in Europe.
Gooch’s military policy focused on protecting the western territory from Native Americans and French encroachment. He promoted the settlement of the Shenandoah Valley in order to buffer the rest of the colony from Indian attacks, and to prevent the French from settling the land.
He had many military credentials including fighting under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough in his campaigns in the Low Countries and with Admiral Edward Vernon in his expedition against Cartagena, New Grenada (now in Colombia) as part of the War of Jenkins’ Ear. During King George’s War, Gooch received an appointment as brigadier-general in charge of the army raised to invade Canada, but declined. Gooch was made a baronet in 1746 and a major general in 1747. Also in 1747, Gooch made a speech condemning all religious groups aside from the established Church. However, in 1738, Gooch had given a group of Presbyterians the right to settle new territory under the conditions of the English Act of Toleration. In 1749, Gooch left Virginia and returned to England.
Gooch married Rebecca Staunton (for whom Staunton, Virginia is named), the daughter of a squire in Middlesex, England. The two had a son named William who grew up in Williamsburg. William became a naval officer, but died of the “bloody flux” at the age of 26, shortly before his parents returned to England.
Gooch honored himself with the naming of Goochland County, Virginia in 1727.

William W Gooch, son of Thomas Gooch and Unknown Dudley , was born 1729 in Hanover County, Virginia Colonies. He married Keziah Ann Hart abt. 1744 in Virginia Colonies. He died December 22, 1802 in Caswell County, North Carolina. Keziah Ann Hart, daughter of Thomas Hart and Susannah Rice , was born abt. 1725 in Virginia Colonies. She died abt. 1760 in Virginia Colonies.

Children of William W Gooch and Keziah Ann Hart are:
1. William Gooch, b. 1750
See William Gooch & Sarah Sally Kerr
2. Mary Gooch, b. May 30, 1745
See John Snead & Mary Gooch
3. Elizabeth Gooch, b. 1755
See William Kimbrough & Elizabeth Gooch
4. Nancy Ann Gooch, b. 1758
See Jesse Benton & Nancy Ann Gooch
5. James Gooch, b. 1760
See James Gooch & Elizabeth Kelly
Other Marriages for William W Gooch:
See William W Gooch & Francis Rice

Jesse Benton, son of Samuel Benton and Francis Kimbrough , was born abt. 1755 in North Carolina. He married Nancy Ann Gooch abt. 1777 in Caswell County, North Carolina. He died in August, 1791 in Orange County, North Carolina. Nancy Ann Gooch, daughter of William W Gooch and Keziah Ann Hart , was born 1758 in Hanover County, Virginia Colonies. She died January 03, 1838 in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri.

Children of Jesse Benton and Nancy Ann Gooch are:
1. Senator Thomas Hart Benton, b. March 14, 1782
See Senator Thomas Hart Benton & Elizabeth McDowell
2. Margaret Benton, b. 1778

3. Mary Benton, b. 1780

4. Jesse Benton, b. 1783
See Jesse Benton & Mary Childress
5. Samuel Benton, b. 1785
See Samuel Benton & Mary Hunter
6. Nathaniel Benton, b. 1786
See Nathaniel Benton & Dorothy Branch
7. Nancy Ann Benton, b. 1788

8. Susannah Benton, b. 1791

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Prince of Mindelheim, KG, PC ( /ˈmɑrlbərə/, often /ˈmɔːlbrə/;[2] 26 May 1650 – 16 June 1722 O.S),[1] was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs through the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Rising from a lowly page at the court of the House of Stuart, he loyally served James, Duke of York, through the 1670s and early 1680s, earning military and political advancement through his courage and diplomatic skill. Churchill’s role in defeating the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685 helped secure James on the throne, yet just three years later he abandoned his Catholic patron for the Protestant Dutchman, William of Orange. Honoured for his services at William’s coronation with the earldom of Marlborough, he served with further distinction in the early years of the Nine Years’ War, but persistent charges of Jacobitism brought about his fall from office and temporary imprisonment in the Tower. It was not until the accession of Queen Anne in 1702 that Marlborough reached the zenith of his powers and secured his fame and fortune.

As part of William and Mary’s coronation honours, Churchill was created Earl of Marlborough on 9 April 1689 (O.S.); he was also sworn as a member of the Privy Council and made a Gentleman of the King’s Bedchamber. His elevation, however, led to accusatory rumours from King James’s supporters that Marlborough had disgracefully betrayed his erstwhile king for personal gain; William himself entertained reservations about the man who had deserted James.[45] Marlborough’s apologists though, including his most notable descendant and biographer Winston Churchill, have been at pains to attribute patriotic, religious, and moral motives to his action; but in the words of Chandler, it is difficult to absolve Marlborough of ruthlessness, ingratitude, intrigue and treachery against a man to whom he owed virtually everything in his life and career to date.[46]

Frances Lone was the daughter of Thomas Lone.1 She married Thomas Gooch, son of William Gooch and Elizabeth Baspole.1 She died on 25 July 1696.1
      Her married name became Gooch.1
Children of Frances Lone and Thomas Gooch
Ann Gooch2
Elizabeth Gooch2
Matilda Gooch2
Frances Gooch2
Brig.-Gen. Sir William Gooch, 1st Bt.1 b. 12 Oct 1681, d. 1751
Rt. Rev. Sir Thomas Gooch, 2nd Bt.+1 b. a 1682, d. 14 Feb 1754
1. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 1578. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
2. [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
Brig.-Gen. Sir William Gooch, 1st Bt.1
M, #229498, b. 12 October 1681, d. 1751
Brig.-Gen. Sir William Gooch, 1st Bt.|b. 12 Oct 1681\nd. 1751|p22950.htm#i229498|Thomas Gooch|d. 1688|p17536.htm#i175355|Frances Lone|d. 25 Jul 1696|p22950.htm#i229497|William Gooch|d. 1685|p22950.htm#i229499|Elizabeth Baspole||p22950.htm#i229500|Thomas Lone||p47107.htm#i471065||||

Last Edited=30 May 2011
     Brig.-Gen. Sir William Gooch, 1st Bt. was born on 12 October 1681.1 He was the son of Thomas Gooch and Frances Lone.1 He married Rebecca Stanton, daughter of William Stanton.2 He died in 1751, without issue.1
     He held the office of War of Spanish Succession.2 He held the office of Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia in 1727.2 He gained the rank of Colonel in 1740 in the service of the American Regiment.2 He was created 1st Baronet Gooch, of Benacre Hall, Suffolk [Great Britain] on 4 November 1746, with special remainder in default of male issue to his brother and the latter’s issue male.2
1. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 1578. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
2. [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 2, page 1579.
William Gooch1
M, #229499, d. 1685
William Gooch|d. 1685|p22950.htm#i229499|William Gooch|b. 1571|p12831.htm#i128304|Martha Layer||p42279.htm#i422789|Robert Gooch||p42279.htm#i422786||||Christopher Layer||p42279.htm#i422788||||

Last Edited=30 May 2011
     William Gooch was the son of William Gooch and Martha Layer.2 He married Elizabeth Baspole, daughter of Richard Baspole and Margaret Flower.1 He died in 1685.1
     He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.).1 He lived in 1664 at Mettingham, Suffolk, England.1
Children of William Gooch and Elizabeth Baspole
Thomas Gooch+1 d. 1688
William Gooch1 d. 1655
Richard Gooch1 d. 1682
Martha Gooch2 d. 1700
Barbara Gooch3

Sir Thomas Gooch, 2nd Baronet (1674–1754) was an English bishop.
[edit] Life
Gooch was born to Thomas Gooch of Yarmouth, and educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, which he entered in 1691. He graduated B.A. in 1694, and M.A. in 1698.[1][2] He became chaplain to Henry Compton, Bishop of London, and preached at his funeral in 1713. Subsequently he was chaplain to Queen Anne, and rector of St Clement Eastcheap and St Martin Orgar. He was archdeacon of Essex from 1714 to 1737.[2][3]
Gooch was Master of Gonville and Caius from 1716. He became successivedly Bishop of Bristol in 1737, Bishop of Norwich in 1738, and Bishop of Ely in 1747. In 1751 he inherited the title of baronet from his brother Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet.[2]
Gooch’s first wife was Mary Sherlock, daughter of William Sherlock. They had a son, Sir Thomas Gooch, 3rd Baronet of Benacre.[4] He married twice more.[2] He died at Ely Palace, and was buried in the chapel at Gonville and Caius, where there a monument to him on the south wall.[2][

Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714[1]) ascended the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702. On 1 May 1707, under the Act of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, were united as a single sovereign state, the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Anne’s Catholic father, James II and VII, was deposed during the “Glorious Revolution” of 1688. Her Protestant brother-in-law and cousin William III became joint monarch with his wife, Anne’s sister Mary II. After Mary’s death in 1694, William continued as sole monarch until he was succeeded by Anne upon his own death in 1702.
Anne favoured moderate Tory politicians, who were more likely to share her Anglican religious views than their opponents, the Whigs. The Whigs grew more powerful during the course of the War of the Spanish Succession, until in 1710 Anne dismissed many of them from office. Her close friendship with Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, turned sour as the result of political differences.
Despite seventeen pregnancies, Anne died without surviving children and was the last monarch of the House of Stuart. She was succeeded by her second cousin George I of the House of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts through his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, daughter of James VI and I.

George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727[1]) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
George was born in Hanover, in what is now Germany, and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne’s closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne’s Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.
Gooch baronets

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There have been two Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Gooch, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
The Gooch Baronetcy of Benacre Hall, in the County of Suffolk,[1] was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain on 4 November 1746 for William Gooch, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1727 to 1749. The second Baronet was Bishop of Bristol, Norwich and Ely. He married Mary Sherlock, daughter of William Sherlock, Dean of St. Paul. Since then, the Sherlock surname has been used by most succeeding generations as a middle name. The fourth Baronet served as High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1785. The fifth Baronet represented the Suffolk county constituency in the House of Commons from 1806 to 1830. The sixth Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for Suffolk East between 1846 and 1856. The eleventh Baronet was a Colonel in the Army.
The Gooch Baronetcy of Clewer Park, in the County of Berkshire, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 15 November 1866 for the mechanical engineer, businessman and Conservative politician Daniel Gooch. The baronetcy was conferred on him in recognition of his services to the successful submersion of the Atlantic Cables of 1865 and 1866.
[edit] Gooch Baronets, of Benacre Hall (1746)
Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet (1681-1751)
Sir Thomas Gooch, 2nd Baronet (1675-1754)
Sir Thomas Gooch, 3rd Baronet (c. 1721-1781)
Sir Thomas Gooch, 4th Baronet (1745-1826)
Sir Thomas Sherlock Gooch, 5th Baronet (1767-1851)
Sir Edward Sherlock Gooch, 6th Baronet (1802-1856)
Sir Edward Sherlock Gooch, 7th Baronet (1843-1872)
Sir Francis Robert Sherlock Lambert Gooch, 8th Baronet (1850-1881)
Sir Alfred Sherlock Gooch, 9th Baronet (1851-1899)
Sir Thomas Vere Sherlock Gooch, 10th Baronet (1881-1946)
Sir Robert Eric Sherlock Gooch, 11th Baronet (1903-1978) KCVO (1973), DSO (1941)
Sir (Richard) John Sherlock Gooch, 12th Baronet (1930-1999)
Sir Timothy Robert Sherlock Gooch, 13th Baronet (1934-2008)
Sir Arthur Brian Sherlock Heywood Gooch, 14th Baronet (born 1937)
[edit] Gooch Baronets, of Clewer Park (1866)
Sir Daniel Gooch, 1st Baronet (1816-1889)
Sir Henry Daniel Gooch, 2nd Baronet (1841-1897)
Sir Daniel Fulthorpe Gooch, 3rd Baronet (1869-1926)
Sir Robert Douglas Gooch, 4th Baronet (1905-1989)
Sir Trevor Sherlock Gooch, 5th Baronet (1915-2003)
Sir Miles Peter Gooch, 6th Baronet (b. 1963)

Sir Thomas Gooch, 4th Bt.1
M, #422820, b. 1745, d. 7 April 1826
Sir Thomas Gooch, 4th Bt.|b. 1745\nd. 7 Apr 1826|p42282.htm#i422820|Sir Thomas Gooch, 3rd Bt.|b. 23 Jul 1720\nd. 10 Sep 1781|p3846.htm#i38456|Anne Atwood||p42282.htm#i422819|Rt. Rev. Sir Thomas Gooch, 2nd Bt.|b. a 1682\nd. 14 Feb 1754|p7736.htm#i77356|Mary Sherlock||p42280.htm#i422800|John Atwood||p47107.htm#i471067||||

Last Edited=30 May 2011
     Sir Thomas Gooch, 4th Bt. was born in 1745.1 He was the son of Sir Thomas Gooch, 3rd Bt. and Anne Atwood.2 He married Anna Maria Hayward, daughter of William Hayward, on 23 December 1766.1 He died on 7 April 1826.1
     He succeeded to the title of 4th Baronet Gooch, of Benacre Hall, Suffolk [G.B., 1746] on 10 September 1781.1 He held the office of High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1785.1
Children of Sir Thomas Gooch, 4th Bt. and Anna Maria Hayward
Sophia Gooch2
Sir Thomas Sherlock Gooch, 5th Bt.+2 b. 2 Nov 1767, d. 18 Dec 1851
Lt.-Col. William Gooch+2 b. 11 Dec 1769, d. 14 Oct 1851
Lt.-Col. Thomas Gooch2 b. 25 Apr 1773, d. 14 Mar 1849
Reverend Richard Gooch2 b. 24 Dec 1781, d. 22 Mar 1873
Reverend Paul Gooch2 b. 2 Mar 1786, d. Apr 1867

Estimated to have been born about 1717, William Gooch Sr. of Albemarle County, Virginia can be traced back in the public records as a resident of Hanover County, Virginia. William is often identified as the son of Claiborne Gooch, who in turn is a son of William & Ursula (Claiborne) Gooch; however, this identification is without any substantive proof or genuine family traditions. Researchers have drawn on circumstantial evidence based on naming patterns which is suggestive of a Gooch-Claiborne family connection, but hardly conclusive in identifying William’s parents or lineage.
The primary work on this family was compiled by Frances Gooch (c1876-1968) of Louisville, Kentucky. Recently, this information has been re-examined by Neville Gooch, a relative who has been working with both her final draft of a family genealogy and with her original field notes. Frances’ completed work is found unpublished at the Virginia State Library, though the work for some reason has been separated into several items.
Two documents are quoted among researcher of this family in identifying William Gooch and his descendants. One is a Louisa County deed naming William and most importantly his wife Elizabeth and the other is a surviving family letter. I have seen only transcriptions of these document and have not conducted and original research to verify the accuracy of this information. Further information on the son of William Gooch (William Gooch Jr.) is found in an early published history of Albemarle County by Rev. Edgard Woods.
The deed naming William Gooch’s wife helps distinguish him from another William Gooch who lived in Hanover county and who married Keziah Hart See Gooches of Caswell. This deed documents that William and his wife Elizabeth entered a deed into the Louisa County Order Book on the 12th of September 1743. The deed names William as “of St. Martin’s Parish, Hanover” and records him selling land to Benjamin Spencer. Elizabeth Gooch, his wife relinquishes her right of dower. Other Hanover or Louisa records are difficult to attribute to William with the existence of the other man by the same name living about the same time in this region.
William Gooch left Hanover and bought land in the Blue Mountains in the most western part of Albemarle County and became involved with mining copper [ref: Gooch, Frances; Unpublished Works]. This mining operation proved to be a failure [ref: Notes; Ledocki, Thomas (1993)]. William Sr. then settled in Everttsville township in Albemarle and his last deed is found in Albemarle in September of 1762.
The second document that is used to identify William Gooch¹s family is a letter written to Mr. Thomas Gooch of Shelby County, Kentucky from his sister Elizabeth Gooch Crease. This letter is dated the 20th of July 1803 and was posted from Springfield, Hampshire County, Virginia; now West Virginia. The letter is transcribed as follows:
Dear Brother,
I have made numberless inquiries after you since you moved to Kentucky; but to no affect. I could never learn in what part of the state you reside till your son John was kind enough to come and see us. His agreeable conversation and easy manners were very pleasing to us all. He gave me very satisfactory information alluding to your present situation in life. It gave me joy to learn you lived a serious and religious life. To serve God in spirit and in truth is a duty indispensability necessary for us to do…
…I have experienced a great deal of affliction since I seen you. My husband also hurt himself with Quicksilver and for many years was incapable of any business, which prevented me from coming to see you when you were living in Henry Co…
I never had but two children – one son and one daughter. My daughter died when near five years old. My son is yet living…
Sister Sarah, I presume, will write to you by John. Sister Ursley lives in Tennessee. I have no word from her for some months. She is a widow with several children.
[re: Legocki, Thomas (1993); from transcription, original owned by Neville Gooch, Louisville, KY].
Francis Gooch is quoted in her notes as stating that Thomas Gooch of Shelby County, Kentucky and the other family members named in the letter are younger siblings of William who had died, twelve years earlier. However, I have not established this as fact.
Thomas Gooch is named in the Kentucky Genealogy and Biography Vol. IV as being born in Charlotte County, Virginia and a descendant of Gov. Gooch of Virginia. Thomas is stated as having settled in Shelby County about 1790. The mere mention of descent from Governor Gooch, causes doubt on the credibility of the accuracy of any distant family history presented in is biography, but it is assumed that the information concerning Thomas¹ own life are probably correct. Ledocki’s notes locate Thomas on the first U.S. Census locates in Amherst County, Virginia. However, this listing of Thomas is just as likely to be Thomas Gooch, son of Stephen Gooch of King William and Louisa.
Other than the signature of William Gooch¹s son as a witness to deeds in Albemarle County, there appears to be source to identify the children of William Sr. and Elizabeth Gooch’s; however, researchers have constructed the following family group:
William Gooch
born c1739; died 1796
born Hanover Co., VA?; died Albemarle Co., VA
married: Lucy Fleming
married about 1760
children: Philip (1Barnett,Eliz) (2Phillip,Frances), Jesse (Owsley,Eliz), Martha (Thurmand,Wm), Elizabeth (Dedman,Nathan), Matthew Moore (moved to Livingston Co., KY), William (Adkinson,Mildred), Susan, Dabney Claiborne (Irvin,Eliz), Mary (Moore,Wm), Nicholas L. (Nash,Judith), Thomas W. (Irvin,Nancy), Sampson
Note: Philip Gooch¹s son Claiborne became Adj. General of the State of Virginia
Elizabeth Gooch
born ; died
born ; died
married: ***** Cease
marriage bond dated
children: son, daughter
Ursula “Ursley” Gooch
born ; died
born ; died
married: Lucy Fleming
marriage bond dated
Sarah Gooch
born 1742; ; died
born Hanover Co., VA; died Stokes Co., NC
married: David Crew (born 1735; Hanover), son of William & Hannah (Sanders) C.
married on 10 May 1764
children: Jonathan(b 1765), David (b 1767), Jesse (b1768), William (b1769), Elizabeth (b1771), Hiram (b1773), Sarah (b1773), Jesse (b1775), Hannah (b1776), Ursula (b1778), Joseph (b1782), Phebe (b1784), Nancy (b1786), Benjamin (b1788)
ref: Crews Family History, SLC LDS Library
Thomas Gooch
born c1750; died 1815
born VA; died Shelby Co., KY
married: Lucy Grubbs
marriage bond dated
Claiborne P. Gooch
born ; died
born VA; died
married: Unknown
marriage bond dated
Note: Somewhere in this line may fit, Thomas Gooch (1788 – aft 1860) of McNary Co., TN who married Lucinda Gilletine, daugther of John Gillentine. Thomas was born about 1788 and had issue: John Gillentine; Jessie; Nicholas; Wiliam; Lucinda Margaret; & Mary. Naming patters suggest a link with this line; however, his residency in South Carolina may indicate he is not from any Virginia lines [ref: Lucretia M. Duncan, Oklahoma City, OK (1992)].
The Children of William & Elizabeth Gooch
William Gooch Jr. is the only clearly identified son of William Sr. and his wife Elizabeth. The younger Gooch is found as a resident of Albemarle County, Virginia between 1751 and 1796; as proven by deeds and by his own will. William Jr. is estimated by researchers to have been born about 1739; married about 1760 to Lucy Fleming, whose parentage is undocumented; and died in 1796. 1704/5 Rent Rolls list a Charles Fleming, as a large absentee landlord in New Kent County with 1700 acres. Frances Gooch’s source for William Jr.’s wife, is thorough naming patterns in Thomas Gooch of Amherst County who names a daughter Lucy Fleming Gooch. William Sr.’s children are listed in his will of August 1796, proved in Albemarle County Court and lists: Phillip, Jesse , Martha, Elizabeth, Matthew Moore, William, Susan, Dabney Claiborn, Mary, Nicholas. William Gooch Jr. and his descendants are included in Rev. Edgar Woods¹ book History of Albemarle County in Virginia (1900) [ref: pg. 208-210]. Rev. Wood writes:
“William Gooch, written in the early records Gouge, came to the county from Hanover. In 1751 he bought land from John Graves in the Everettsville Neighborhood, which nine years after he sold to Benjamin Sneed, and it is believed, removed to Amherst. Another William, who from being denominated Junior, is presumed to be his son, purchased land on the south fork of Hardware in 1764, but in 1770 began buying in the Ragged Mountains south of Ivy Depot, and in that vicinity fixed his residence. His dwelling stood where his son Dabney afterwards lived, and where still later W. O. English taught school. He died in 1796. He and his wife Lucy had ten children, Matthew, Philip, Dabney C., Nicholas L., William, Thomas W., Elizabeth the wife of Nathan Dedman, Martha the wife of William Thurmond, Susan, and Mary the wife of William Moore. Matthew, who was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 1796, and Nicholas removed to Kentucky. Philip removed to Amherst, and to him his father transferred the land which he first bought on the Ragged Mountains, and which somehow acquired the name of Little Egypt, included the present reservoir, and was sold by his son Claiborne to the Houchens and Mayo families that still live on it. Claiborne Gooch removed to Richmond, became Adjutant General of the State, and was associated with Thomas Ritchie in publishing the Richmond Enquirer.
Dabney married Elizabeth the daughter of Rev. William Irvin of the South Garden, and had a daughter Mary, the wife of her cousin, Dr. William F. Gooch. He died in 1844. Thomas W. married Nancy , another daughter of Mr. Irvin and for many years kept a tavern at the D.S. He died in 1838. His children were Alonzo, Edwin, Meade, Angelina, and Elizabeth the wife of John Fray Jr. Alonzo was for some years a merchant in Charolottesville, and a magistrate of the county, and lived on the lot west of the Episcopal Church, now occupied by Capt. H. Robertson. His wife was a daughter of B.F. Porter, of Orange, and died in 1897 in Bluefield W. Va.
Dr. William F. Gooch was a grandson of William Jr., and came to Charlottesville from Ameherst about 1823. The next year he married his cousin Mary, the only daughter of Dabney C. For many years he practiced his profession actively both in town and country. His town residence was the house now occupied by James F. Burnley on High Street. He was appointed a magistrate in 1843. Not long before the war he removed to his farm south of Ivey, where he died at an advance age in 1881. He had two daughters, Maria the wife of Paul H. Goodloe and Elizabeth the wife of W. O. English.”
The above account of the Gooch family is also intersting in that the family names of Burnley and Sneed are mentioned, both families recalled by Rev. Buckner Sneed in his account the family of William Gooch of Caswell County, NC; who was a contemporary of William Gooch Sr. of Albemarle. The children of William Gooch Jr. settled in various places: Phillip in Amherst, Jesse in Garrard County, Kentucky, Elizabeth Dedman in Woodford County, Kentucky, William in Monroe County, Missouri, Susan and Dabney remained in Albemarle, and Nicholas in Lincoln County, Kentucky.
Though researchers of this family have been content to link themselves to Claiborne, the son of William and Ursula (Claiborne) Gooch, there is no evidence for this conclusion, other than the usage of the name Claiborne. Most of the work presented to me by Thomas F. Legocki of Ogden, Utah shows a great deal of knowledge on the Albemarle family, but poor documentation on early Gooch families. Work done from this family is still unable to distinguish between the William Gooch of Hanover/Caswell and the William Gooch of Hanover/Albemarle. Confusion between William & Ursula (Claiborne) Gooch and William & Alice (Thacker) Gough of King and Queen County, are also evident in the Ledocki papers. The son Dabney Claiborne, does denote relations to both family; however, the name appears to belong to their seventh child, suggesting a far more distant connection to the Dabney and Claiborne families than researchers claim. However, a Dabney connection suggest a relationship to one of the Gooch families in Louisa. As is often the case in Virginia research, the lack of good information leads to speculation. This speculation general excludes the families of the wives, whose origins in Virginia society were as of equal importance as their husband’s family. Both William Sr. wife, Elizabeth, and William Jr.’s wife, Lucy Fleming, my have descended from either of the Dabney or Claiborne families. It is interesting to note that among the naming patterns of William Jr.’s children, the use of Phillip and Jesse, as names for his eldest children, suggest very different connections than those claimed by this family’s researchers. Neither Phillip nor Jesse were that common in this area, for this period of time. Neither Phillip not Jesse are names that appear in any of the other Gooch families of this generation.

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