The God Gene

A year ago I went to Bullhead City to enjoin all members of my family in order to put an end to the fight over my families creative gene, or, what I heard be called “the God gene” on a program I watched last night for the first time. unfortunately, the fight over my daughter pitted me against Heather’s aunt, her mother, her new boyfriend, and his father, who I never met.

When my daughter was born, Patrice Hanson said there was a light around our daughter. I want to say “my” daughter because the light came from me, and, Patrice hid this light from me so she could say it came from her. She then put my light in the arms of a san Quinton felon who was locked up for impersonating Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead, who Patrice emulated. She even dressed like him and got near the stage at Dead concerts in order to suck up his light, make it her own. Randolph Delpiano could not conceive a child and died childless. Patrice tried to use my light to repair their bond that was in need of a child because Patrice had two sons from two different men, and Randy felt less then a man.

“It’s a miracle! You conceived a child!” Patrice told Randy after she had lived with me for more then a month I giving her abused sons shelter. Is this proof there is a God Gene? It may be proof I am God, having become God after I died and came back on a powerful dose of LSD. I do not want to be God. I have been titled “the reluctant messiah” by several people. For one thing, it is very, very, very isolating. I am not allowed to have what most of you have. My daughter and my six year old grandson, Tyler Hunt, was just taken from me, because people who come in contact with me, become “as I am” for a little while. They always want more – and the whole thing, because………………?

Above is a photo taken of me, my daughter, and my mother when I first lay eyes on my sixteen year old daughter. She looks nothing like her mother. Patrice brainwashed my daughter all her life to believe the light came from her. Heather does not identify with me and my family history. She thinks her mother and her aunt are of a divine presence, they instructed to take my daughter from me by an angel. these Hanson women bond with dark, dangerous, and destructive men, who they will do anything for. They put me in a bad light. They show me no mercy or compassion. They wound me so they can lap up my healing light.

Jon Presco

God gene

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The God gene hypothesis proposes that a specific gene (VMAT2) predisposes humans towards spiritual or mystic experiences. The idea has been postulated by geneticist Dean Hamer, the director of the Gene Structure and Regulation Unit at the U.S. National Cancer Institute, and author of the 2005 book The God Gene: How Faith is Hardwired into our Genes.

The God gene hypothesis is based on a combination of behavioral genetic, neurobiological and psychological studies. The major arguments of the theory are: (1) spirituality can be quantified by psychometric measurements; (2) the underlying tendency to spirituality is partially heritable; (3) part of this heritability can be attributed to the gene VMAT2;[1] (4) this gene acts by altering monoamine levels; and (5) spiritual individuals are favored by natural selection because they are provided with an innate sense of optimism, the latter producing positive effects at either a physical and psychological level.

A number of scientists and researchers are highly critical of this theory; Carl Zimmer, writing in Scientific American, questions why “Hamer rushed into print with this book before publishing his results in a credible scientific journal.”[2] In his book, Hamer also writes “Just because spirituality is partly genetic doesn’t mean it is hardwired.”[3]

Contents [hide]
1 Proposal
2 Scientific criticism
3 Religious response
4 See also
5 References
6 External links

[edit] ProposalAccording to this hypothesis, the God gene (VMAT2) is a physiological arrangement that produces the sensations associated, by some, with mystic experiences, including the presence of God or others, or more specifically spirituality as a state of mind (i.e. it does not encode or cause belief in God itself in spite of the “God gene” moniker).

Based on research by psychologist Robert Cloninger, this tendency toward spirituality is quantified by the self-transcendence scale, which is composed of three sub-sets: “self-forgetfulness” (as in the tendency to become totally absorbed in some activity, such as reading); “transpersonal identification” (a feeling of connectedness to a larger universe); and “mysticism” (an openness to believe things not literally provable, such as ESP). Cloninger suggests that taken together, these measurements are a reasonable way to quantify (make measurable) how spiritual someone is feeling.

The self-transcendence measure was shown to be heritable by classical twin studies conducted by Lindon Eaves and Nicholas Martin. Interestingly, these studies show that specific religious beliefs (such as belief in Jesus) have no genetic basis and are instead memes, that is cultural units transmitted by non genetic means, as by imitation.

In order to identify some of the specific genes involved in self-transcendence, Hamer analyzed DNA and personality score data from over 1000 individuals and identified one particular locus, VMAT2, with a significant correlation. VMAT2 codes for a vesicular monoamine transporter that plays a key role in regulating the levels of the brain chemicals serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. These monoamine transmitters are in turn postulated to play an important role in regulating the brain activities associated with mystic beliefs.

What evolutionary advantage this may convey, or what advantageous effect it is a side effect of, are questions that are yet to be fully explored. However, Dr. Hamer has hypothesized that self-transcendence makes people more optimistic, which makes them healthier and likely to have more children.

[edit] Scientific criticismAlthough it is always difficult to determine the many interacting functions of a gene, VMAT2 appears to be involved in the transport of monoamine neurotransmitters across the synapses of the brain. PZ Myers argues: “It’s a pump. A teeny-tiny pump responsible for packaging a neurotransmitter for export during brain activity. Yes, it’s important, and it may even be active and necessary during higher order processing, like religious thought. But one thing it isn’t is a ‘god gene.'”[4]

Carl Zimmer claimed that, given the low explanatory power of VMAT2, it can be characterized as a gene that accounts for less than one percent of the variance of self-transcendence scores. These, Zimmer says, can signify anything from belonging to the green party to believing in ESP. Zimmer also points out that the God Gene theory is based on only one unpublished, unreplicated study.[5] However Hamer notes that the importance of the VMAT2 finding is not that it explains all spiritual or religious feelings, but rather that it points the way toward one neurobiological pathway that may be important.

[edit] Religious responseJohn Polkinghorne, an Anglican priest, member of the Royal Society and Canon Theologian at Liverpool Cathedral, was asked for a comment on Hamer’s theory by the British national daily newspaper, The Daily Telegraph. He replied: “The idea of a God gene goes against all my personal theological convictions. You can’t cut faith down to the lowest common denominator of genetic survival. It shows the poverty of reductionist thinking.” [6][7]

Walter Houston, the chaplain of Mansfield College, Oxford, and a fellow in theology, told the Telegraph: “Religious belief is not just related to a person’s constitution; it’s related to society, tradition, character—everything’s involved. Having a gene that could do all that seems pretty unlikely to me.”

Hamer responded that the existence of such a gene would not be incompatible with the existence of a personal God: “Religious believers can point to the existence of God genes as one more sign of the creator’s ingenuity—a clever way to help humans acknowledge and embrace a divine presence.”[7]

Hamer repeatedly notes in his book that, “This book is about whether God genes exist, not about whether there is a God.”[8]

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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