Samuel Stanhope Smith President of Princeton

Samuel was dismissed as President of Princeton because of his liberal views about race and slavery. His words – “If reason and charity cannot promote the cause of truth and piety, I cannot see how it should ever flourish under the withering fires of wrath and strife” are prophetic and applicable to the Republicans who are running for office of President of the United States who are destroying the good work of truly brave and intelligent men who faced the real enemy – and won!

Ignorance is America’s No.1 enemy! Our founding fathers knew this. They did not study and author novels so a bunch of trailer trash evangelicals who claim they got a personal relationship to Jesus – thanks the Great Awakening – can sit around and guzzle beer while throwing darts at the college elite!

“In his work, Stanhope Smith expressed progressive views on marriage and egalitarian ideas about race and slavery. The second edition of his Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species (1810) became important as a powerful argument against the increasing racism of nineteenth-century ethnology.[6] He opposed the racial classifications of naturalists such as Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, and Carolus Linnaeus[7]

Consider Santorum’s statement that our President wants everyone to be made over in his image by attending college.

Samuel Stanhope SmithFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search
Samuel Stanhope Smith

President of Princeton University
Term 1795 – 1812
Predecessor John Witherspoon
Successor Ashbel Green
Born March 15, 1751(1751-03-15)
Pequea, Pennsylvania
Died August 21, 1819(1819-08-21) (aged 68)

Samuel Stanhope Smith (March 15, 1751 – August 21, 1819) was a Presbyterian minister, founding president of Hampden-Sydney College and the seventh president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) from 1795 to 1812. His stormy career ended in his enforced resignation. His words – “If reason and charity cannot promote the cause of truth and piety, I cannot see how it should ever flourish under the withering fires of wrath and strife” – ironically epitomize his career.[1]

[edit] BiographyBorn in Pequea, Pennsylvania, he had graduated as a valedictorian from the College of New Jersey in 1769, and went on to study theology and philosophy under John Witherspoon, whose daughter he married on 28 June 1775. In his mid-twenties, he worked as a missionary in Virginia, and from 1775 to 1779, he served as the founder and rector of Hampden-Sydney College, which he referred to in his advertisement of 1 September 1775 as “an Academy in Prince Edward.”[2] The school, not then named, was always intended to be a college-level institution; later in the same advertisement, Smith explicitly likens its curriculum to that of the College of New Jersey. “Academy” was a technical term used for college-level schools not run by the established church.[3] Stanhope Smith held honorary doctorates from Yale and Harvard and was a leading member of the American Philosophical Society.

[edit] President of Princeton

Smith studied under president Witherspoon, married Witherspoon’s daughter, returned to Princeton as a professor in 1779, and succeeded Witherspoon as president in 1795. The situation during the winter semester of 1806-07 under Smith’s presidency was characterized by little or no faculty-student rapport or communication, crowded conditions, and strict school rules – a combination that led to a student riot on 31 March-1 April 1807. College authorities denounced it as a sign of moral decay. Smith was active in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church and served as moderator of the General Assembly in 1799. Smith was an urbane and cultivated man who sought, in the tradition of Witherspoon, to maintain orthodoxy while opposing tendencies toward rigidity and obscurantism. His efforts were unsuccessful, and he was forced to resign from his office in 1812 as a result of criticism from within the church. In his efforts to reconcile reason and revelation Smith left himself vulnerable to charges of rationalism and Arminianism.[4]

[edit] TheoriesSmith was the first systematic expositor of ‘Scottish realism’ in America. An empiricist in his anthropology and a Lamarckian before Lamarck, he sought to mediate between science and religious orthodoxy.[5]

In his work, Stanhope Smith expressed progressive views on marriage and egalitarian ideas about race and slavery. The second edition of his Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species (1810) became important as a powerful argument against the increasing racism of nineteenth-century ethnology.[6] He opposed the racial classifications of naturalists such as Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, and Carolus Linnaeus[7] In this text, his attempt to explain the variety of physical appearances among humans involved a strongly environmental outlook. An example he provides involves “the blacks in the southern states.” Smith noted that field slaves had darker skin pigmentation and other “African” features than did domestic slaves, and hypothesized that exposure to white, European culture through their “civilized” masters had changed their anatomy as well.

In Smith’s essay titled Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species, Smith claimed that Negro pigmentation was nothing more than a huge freckle that covered the whole body as a result of an oversupply of bile, which was caused by tropical climates.[8]

Smith is also known for his attempt to refute Thomas Jefferson’s claim in Notes on the State of Virginia, that there were no great black writers or artists.[9] In it, he attacked Jefferson’s disregard of poetic abilities of Phillis Wheatley, African slave prodigy.

Noah Webster cited Stanhope Smith in Webster’s 1828 Dictionary in the definition of philosophy. The citation was from Stanhope Smith’s second edition of his Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species (1810). The quote as given,”True religion, and true philosophy must ultimately arrive at the same principle.”.[10]

[edit] WorksEssay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species. (1787, 2nd ed. 1810)
Sermons. Newark, New Jersey: Jacob Halsey and Co., 1799.
Lectures on the Evidences of the Christian Religion. (1809)
Lectures on Moral and Political Philosophy. (1812)
A Comprehensive View of the Leading and Most Important Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion: Digested in Such Order as to Present to the Pious and Reflecting Mind, a Basis for the Superstructure of the Entire System of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Samuel Stanhope Smith, New Brunswick, N.J., Deare & Myer, 1815

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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