Descendants of Art

“The Irish Hart, Harte, and O’Hart is from o hairt – meaning “descendant of Art,” who was the son of Kink Conn of the Hundred Battles. The O’Hart coat of arms showed a passant lion guarding a human heart.”

The Amerian Suffraget, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, is kin to my late sister, Christine Rosamond Benton, and my grandson, Tyler Hunt – who I want to be an artist like his illustrious kinfolk.

When I watched Ken Burns film on the artist, Thomas Hart Benton, ‘America’s Painter’ and ‘Painter of America’ I realized his struggle had become my own, being – HE IS AMERICA! Thomas and I are found in the family tree that is Who’s Who In American Poltics – and Art that is under attack by Right-wing Christians who want to defund the Arts – and the United States Government! They claim Jesus as God has inspired many important leaders and lawmakers in America to do wonderous things. If this be the case, then I am kin to man God Inspired Folks. Does this make me closer to Jesus then other folks? Or, do I have to be able to just talk a Good Jesus Game – and I am in like Flint, on my way to make divine history that will make America a Holy Theocracy?
What will become of the folks who made American History – the old fashioned way?

Back in June my sister Vicki and I discussed at lenght The State of The Family. We talked about our niece, Drew Benton, the daughter of Garth Benton, who is the cousin of Thomas Hart Benton. We discussed the Artistic Legacy left behind by the world famous artist, Rosamond. All four Bentons are artists. We are America.

The Amerian Suffraget, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge helped secure the right for women to vote, a right Jesus failed to inspire in our Founding Fathers. John Fremont and Jessie Benton helped found the Republican Abolitionist Party and were anti-slavery. Jesus did not inspire our FF to emancipate American slaves. However, Jesus did inspire my kin, Henry Clay and his peers to found the ‘American System’ that could be called The Birth of Big Government!

Now, who are you going to believe when it comes to God Inspired American Men, a bunch of unknown parasites who have attached themsleves to MY FAMILY HISTORY, or, folks who MADE AMERICAN HISTORY! If Jesus made American History, then he and God are on – OUR SIDE! Real American History is my wintess! And I laugh in their face!

Jon the Nazarite

Copyright 2012

1.
Sarah Preston (William Preston3, John Preston2, Archibald Preston1) was born 3 MAY 1767 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA. She married James McDowell. He was born ABT 1765.
 
 

Children of Sarah Preston and James McDowell are:
 
2
  i.
Susan McDowell was born ABT 1788.
+
3
  ii.
Elizabeth McDowell was born ABT 1790.
 
4
  iii.
James McDowell was born 13 OCT 1795 in Cherry Grove, Rockbridge Co., VA, and died 24 AUG 1851 in his estate Colalto near Lexington, VA.

Descendant Register, Generation No. 2

3.
Elizabeth McDowell (Sarah Preston4, William Preston3, John Preston2, Archibald Preston1) was born ABT 1790. She married Thomas Hart Benton. He was born 14 MAR 1782 in Hillsboro, NC, and died 10 APR 1858.
 
 

Children of Elizabeth McDowell and Thomas Hart Benton are:
 
5
  i.
Elizabeth Benton was born 12 FEB 1822.
+
6
  ii.
Jessie Benton was born 13 MAY 1824, and died 24 DEC 1902 in Los Angeles, CA.
 
7
  iii.
Sarah Benton was born 1826. She married Richard Taylor Jacob 15 JAN 1848, son of John Jeremiah Jacob and Ann Overton Fontaine. He was born ABT 1820.
 
8
  iv.
Susan Benton was born 1833.

Descendant Register, Generation No. 3

6.
Jessie Benton (Elizabeth McDowell5, Sarah Preston4, William Preston3, John Preston2, Archibald Preston1) was born 13 MAY 1824, and died 24 DEC 1902 in Los Angeles, CA. She married John C. Fremont 1840. He was born 21 JAN 1813 in Savannah, GA, and died 13 JUL 1890.
 
 

Child of Jessie Benton and John C. Fremont is:
 
9
  i.
John C. Fremont was born ABT 1845.

The Irish Hart, Harte, and O’Hart is from o hairt – meaning “descendant of Art,” who was the son of Kink Conn of the Hundred Battles. The O’Hart coat of arms showed a passant lion guarding a human heart.

The American System, originally called “The American box”, was a mercantilist economic plan that played a prominent role in American policy during the first half of the 19th century. Rooted in the ” American School” ideas of Alexander Hamilton, the plan “consisted of three mutually reinforcing parts: a tariff to protect and promote American industry; a national bank to foster commerce; and federal subsidies for roads, canals, and other ‘internal improvements’ to develop profitable markets for agriculture.”[1] Congressman Henry Clay was the plan’s foremost proponent and the first to refer to it as the “American System”.

The establishment of a protective tariff, a 20%-25% tax on imported goods, would protect a nation’s business from foreign competition. Congress passed a tariff in 1816 which made European goods more expensive and encouraged consumers to buy relatively cheap American-made goods.
The establishment of a national bank would promote a single currency, making trade easier, and issue what was called sovereign credit, i.e., credit issued by the national government, rather than borrowed from the private banking system. In 1816, Congress created the Second Bank of the United States.
The improvement of the country’s infrastructure, especially transportation systems, made trade easier and faster for everyone. Poor roads made transportation slow and costly.
This program became the leading tenet of the Whig Party of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. It was opposed by the Democratic Party of Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, and James Buchanan prior to the Civil War, often on the grounds that the points of it were unconstitutional.
Among the most important internal improvements created under the American System was the Cumberland Road.

Dubbed the “Great Compromiser,” Clay brokered important compromises during the Nullification Crisis and on the slavery issue. As part of the “Great Triumvirate” or “Immortal Trio,” along with his colleagues Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun, he was instrumental in formulating the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850. He was viewed as the primary representative of Western interests in this group, and was given the names “Henry of the West” and “The Western Star.”[2] A plantation owner, Clay held slaves during his lifetime but freed them in his Will.[3]

Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (May 20, 1872 – November 25, 1920) was a leader of the women’s suffrage movement and one of Kentucky’s leading Progressive reformers. She was also known as Madge Breckinridge and Mrs. Desha Breckinridge.
She was born in Woodlake, Kentucky and grew up at Ashland, The Henry Clay Estate, the farm established by her great-grandfather, nineteenth-century statesman Henry Clay. Her mother was Henry Clay, Jr.’s daughter, Anne Clay McDowell, and her father was Major Henry Clay McDowell (a namesake of Henry Clay), who served during the American Civil War on the Union side. They purchased the Ashland estate in 1882. One of her brothers was federal judge Henry C. McDowell, Jr.. Another, Thomas was a renowned Thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder and trainer who won the 1902 Kentucky Derby.

Maecenas Eason Benton (January 29, 1848 – April 27, 1924) was a U.S. Representative from Missouri. He was the father of Thomas Hart Benton, who gained fame as a painter of the American Scene.
Born near Dyersburg, Tennessee, Benton attended two west Tennessee academies and St. Louis University. He was graduated from the Cumberland School of Law at Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee, in 1870. He served in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Neosho, Missouri. He served as prosecuting attorney of Newton County, MO from 1878-1884. He was the United States attorney from March 1885 to July 1889. He served as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1896.
Benton was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, Fifty-seventh, and Fifty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1897-March 3, 1905). He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1904 to the Fifty-ninth Congress. He resumed his law practice in Neosho, Missouri. He served as member of the State constitutional conventions in 1922 and 1924. He died in Springfield, Missouri, April 27, 1924 of throat cancer. He was interred in the Odd Fellows Cemetery, Neosho, Missouri.

Thomas Hart, son of Thomas Hart and Mary Unknown , was born 1679 in England. He married Susannah Rice abt. 1720 in Virginia. He died 1755 in Hanover County, Virginia. Susannah Rice, daughter of Thomas Rice and Marcy Unknown , was born 1707 in New Kent County, Virginia. She died 1785 in Orange County, Virginia.

Children of Thomas Hart and Susannah Rice are:
1. Thomas Hart, b. 1730
See Thomas Hart & Susanna Gray
2. John Hart, b. abt. 1734

3. Nathaniel Hart, b. 1734
See Nathaniel Hart & Sarah Simpson
4. David Hart, b. abt. 1738

5. Benjamin Hart, b. abt. 1736
See Benjamin Hart & Nancy Morgan
6. Keziah Ann Hart, b. abt. 1725

William W Gooch, son of Thomas Gooch and Unknown Dudley , was born 1729 in Hanover County, Virginia Colonies. He married Keziah Ann Hart abt. 1744 in Virginia Colonies. He died December 22, 1802 in Caswell County, North Carolina. Keziah Ann Hart, daughter of Thomas Hart and Susannah Rice , was born abt. 1725 in Virginia Colonies. She died abt. 1760 in Virginia Colonies.

Jesse Benton, son of Samuel Benton and Francis Kimbrough , was born abt. 1755 in North Carolina. He married Nancy Ann Gooch abt. 1777 in Caswell County, North Carolina. He died in August, 1791 in Orange County, North Carolina. Nancy Ann Gooch, daughter of William W Gooch and Keziah Ann Hart , was born 1758 in Hanover County, Virginia Colonies. She died January 03, 1838 in Saint Louis, Saint Louis County, Missouri.

Children of Jesse Benton and Nancy Ann Gooch are:
1. Senator Thomas Hart Benton, b. March 14, 1782
See Senator Thomas Hart Benton & Elizabeth McDowell
2. Margaret Benton, b. 1778

3. Mary Benton, b. 1780

4. Jesse Benton, b. 1783
See Jesse Benton & Mary Childress
5. Samuel Benton, b. 1785
See Samuel Benton & Mary Hunter
6. Nathaniel Benton, b. 1786
See Nathaniel Benton & Dorothy Branch
7. Nancy Ann Benton, b. 1788

8. Susannah Benton, b. 1791

Notes for Jesse Benton:
Name: Jesse Benton  
Born: abt. 1755 North Carolina 
Died: in August, 1791 Orange County, North Carolina 

Nathaniel Benton, son of Jesse Benton and Nancy Ann Gooch , was born 1786 in Orange County, North Carolina. He married Dorothy Branch . Dorothy Branch.

Children of Nathaniel Benton and Dorothy Branch are:
1. Thomas Hart Benton
See Thomas Hart Benton & Mary Ellen Eason

Notes for Nathaniel Benton:
Name: Nathaniel Benton  
Born: 1786 Orange County, North Carolina 

Thomas Hart Benton, son of Nathaniel Benton and Dorothy Branch , . He married Mary Ellen Eason . Mary Ellen Eason.

Children of Thomas Hart Benton and Mary Ellen Eason are:
1. Colonel Maecenas Eason Benton, b. January 29, 1848
See Colonel Maecenas Eason Benton & Elizabeth Wise
2. Jesse Benton, b. 1857

3. Thomas Benton, b. 1859

4. Dolly E. Benton, b. 1861

5. Samuel A. Benton, b. 1863

6. Fanny M. Benton, b. in September, 1869

1. Thomas Hume, or Home, second son of Sir Alexander Home, of Dunglass, who was … The elder son, John Hi me, Esq. of Ninewells and of Fairney Castle, Berwick, which … of Sir Walter KiddeU, Hart, of Kiddell,) and had issue, Joseph, his heir. …. Thomas, who became the confidential favourite of 8ir John Preston,

ADMIRERS TOAST THE ART OF THOMAS HART BENTON
By WILLIAM ROBBINS, Special to the New York Times
Published: April 14, 1987

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If Thomas Hart Benton had been around -and there were those who thought maybe he was – the turnout Sunday night at a celebration of his 98th birthday would have been enough to soothe his wounded and probably volubly angry spirit.
About 1,000 admirers of the painter and muralist, who died in 1975, turned up for the Benton Bourbon and Branch Bash, a commemoration of Kansas City’s most celebrated and Missouri’s most controversial artist, who was often blunt and outspoken.
Many of those who filled Kelly’s Westport Inn, the city’s oldest building, and an adjoining tent, had little use for the views of a pair of New York critics who came to town and disparaged the hero of the hour.
Had he been there, said George O’Maley, an old friend, the artist himself, who often voiced his disdain for critics, could have ”cut them up with a word or a phrase.” Early Benton Works Were Derided
The artist was born in southwestern Missouri when this region was still young and rawboned, and studied in Chicago and Paris before returning to explore backwoods trails and backwater communities for subject matter. Some of his early works were derided as imitative, and critics differ widely on the lasting value of his later works, many of which are cast around historic themes.

Benton Genealogy
at Thomas Hart Benton Home and Studio State Historic Site
The Bentons were originally established in Lincolnshire England. A branch of the family went to South Wales. In 1731, three brothers, Benton, came from Wales to America. They intended to settle on Chesapeake Bay, but contrary winds drove the ship south, and the brothers landed on Albermarle Sound, North Carolina, whence they went to the uplands and settled at Hillsboro, Orange County, N.C. These brothers were Samuel, Abner, and Jesse. The latter never married. Abner married in Wales, Samuel in North Carolina. This sketch has to do with Abner Benton and heirs. To him was born Jesse B. and Catherine. The latter never married, both born in North Carolina U.S.A. Jesse B. Benton was sent to England and educated. On his return from England, he was appointed (by the Crown), Secretary to the Lord Tryon, Governor of the Province. Afterwards an ugly British General in the Revolutionary War, Jesse B. Benton broke with his chief in the War for American Independence, and was an officer in the American Patriot Army. He, Jesse B. Benton, was married during the War for Independence to Ann Gooch, the daughter of a disreputable English officer under Lord Tryon. Her mother was named Hart and was American born, and Ann Gooch always said, “I came from a family of Harts.” Her cousin Col. Nathaniel Hart was killed at the “River Raisin”, in a battle with British and Indians, during the War of 1812. To the union between Jesse B. Benton and Ann Gooch, there was born Thomas Hart [the Senator], Jesse, Samuel, Nathaniel, Susan, and Catherine Benton. Susan and Catherine never married. In 1793, at the age of 46, Jesse B. Benton died at Hillsboro, N.C.
In 1796, the year Tennessee was admitted to the Union, Jesse B. Benton’s widow Ann, with her family, moved to Tennessee, and settled some forty miles south of Nashville, on land provided by her husband during his life. In 1800 Ann Benton’s sons Thomas H. and Nathaniel returned to North Carolina and entered the State school at Chapel Hill. Neither of them graduated. Of the four brothers Thomas H., Jesse, Samuel, and Nathaniel, the following facts are worthy of record: Samuel married in 1808, a Miss Grundy, and raised six children all born in Carroll County, West Tennessee. Four of these were boys, Nathaniel, Abner, Thomas H., and Samuel (the latter twins) and Catherine and Sarah. Catherine never married. The elder, Nat, went to California and reared a family. Abner died in youth. Thomas H. settled in Iowa, was a Democrat, was a Colonel and Brig. General in the U.S. Army during the Civil War. Was father of Maria Benton, a brilliant woman who married Ben Cable of Illinois and is living. Samuel settled in Holly Springs, Mississippi, reared a family, was twice a Whig Candidate for Congress, was a Confederate Colonel and brevet Brigadier General, was wounded at Resaca, Ga., and died in 1864. Sarah married a Brandt, reared a family and lived and died in St. Louis. Jesse, son of Jesse B. and Ann Benton, married in middle Tennessee, Mary (Polly) Childress, both of whom in old age died near Nashville without children. Thomas Hart, the eldest son was a member of the Tennessee Legislature, a lawyer and a Lieut. Colonel in the War of 1812. An unfortunate break between Generals Jackson, Carroll and Coffee, and Thos. H., Jesse and Nathaniel Benton brothers, resulted in a street duel in Nashville, in September 1813, in which General Jackson and General Carroll were both shot. In 1814 Thos. H. and Nathaniel moved to the Territory of Missouri. Thos. Hart Benton was elected one of the two first United States Senators for Missouri, and served thirty consecutive years, followed by two years in the lower House of Congress. After becoming a Senator he married a daughter of Governor McDowell of Virginia. To this union were born: Sarah, Mary, Jesse Ann, Elizabeth, and Randolph Benton. The latter died in his minority. Sarah married Baron Bolieau, French Minister to the U.S. in the forties, and was the mother of the celebrated artist Philip Bolieau later of New York, now deceased. Mary married a Mr. Jacobs of Jefferson County, Kentucky, an extensive Planter. Jesse Ann married Jon C Fremont, a U.S. Lieutenant of French descent, and afterwards the California Pathfinder, and later in 1856 the first Republican Candidate for President, against James Buchanan, and was not supported by Col. Benton, his father-in-law. Fremont was a Major General U.S.A. in the Civil War. Fremont and Jesse Ann Benton, had born to them John C. (who was a U.S. Naval Captain), and Lilly, who never married but lived to be sixty years old. John C. Jr., died a Captain and has a son John C. now a Captain in the U.S. Navy, and two girls not married. Elizabeth married Commodore Jones, U.S.N. and died in Florence, Italy in 1903.
Nathaniel Benton (our direct ancestor), was born in February 1788, in Hillsboro, Orange County, North Carolina, moved with his mother and family to middle Tennessee in 1796, spent afterwards two years in the North Carolina University and in 1810 married Dorothy Myra Branch, daughter of Governor Branch of North Carolina. To this union were born Nathaniel in 1811, Alfred in 1814, Columbus in 1819, Abner in 1816, Susan in 1822, Thomas Hart in 1825, Rufus in 1829, and Maecenas in 1831. Nathaniel and Alfred were born in middle Tennessee; Abner, Columbus and Susan were born in Jefferson County, Missouri; Thomas Hart, Rufus and Maecenas were born in Dyer County, Tennessee. The elder of this family Nat Benton, spent two years at West Point Military Academy, resigned, and with his mother’s family (his father Nat Benton having died in 1833) moved to Texas in October 1835, and settled on the Brazos, near Waco. In February 1836, Nat Benton together with his brother Alfred joined the army of General Sam Houston for the liberation of Texas from Mexican domination. Nat Benton however, accidentally shot himself in the foot, and came near passing away. Alfred Benton and Ben McCulloch were with Houston at San Jacinto and helped in Texas Independence in 1836. Nat Benton in 1837 returned to Tennessee and married Harriet, the sister of Henry and Ben McCulloch. To this union was born Benjamine Eustace Benton. Nat Benton’s wife died in 1845. In 1853 Nat Benton and son left Dyersburg, Tennessee and went to Texas. Both he and his son Eustace were in the Texas Rangers, and while so engaged Eustace was badly wounded, losing one eye. Captain Nat Benton married again during the’50s to a Miss Harris and children were born to this marriage, but the family history to which I had access did not state how many children, nor where the second Mrs. Benton died.
Nat Benton was a soldier in the Confederate army attaining the rank of Colonel, and was badly wounded at Port Hudson. He returned to Sequing Texas, and lived there till his death which occurred in 1873. His son Capt. Ben Eustace Benton married during the Civil War on April 15 1863, Miss Margaret C. Walker, daughter of General B.W. Walker, and to this union was born Miss Eulalia Benton now living in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Capt Ben E. Benton died at Pine Bluff, Arkansas June 13 1914.
Alfred Benton, second son of Nat and Dorothy M. Benton, after serving in the war for Texas Independence, died in Texas in 1838. Abner the third son, married Mary Ann Wardlaw of Ripley, Lauderdale County, Tenn., and to this union were born eleven children. Fannie, the eldest, married Tom W. Neal at Dyersburg, had two children. Ella N. Crook, now of Little Rock, Arkansas, and Lillian Simpson, and died in 1880. Alfred lives in Louisville, Ky., Ed at Trenton, Tennessee, Hattie at Memphis, Annie at Dyersburg, Tenn., and Minne at Memphis, others all dead. Columbus Benton died in infancy. Susan married one Boggess, had eleven children, none of whom are living to my knowledge, and she died in June 1885.
Thos H. Benton Jr, son of Nat and Dollie Benton, married Mary Ellen Eason, whose father was Carter T. Eason, and mother Ellen, daughter of Gen. Daniel Morgan who defeated Tarleton at the “Cow Pens”. To this union were born Maecenas E., Mary Ellen, Nat (both the latter died in infancy), Jesse Ann, Thomas H. (both of whom died when about grown), Dollie who married Frank E. Miller and had one child named Mary Ruth Miller. Dollie Benton Miller died May 1895. Samuel Abner born in 1863 died in 1894, and Fannie May, who married E.L. Logan and has had two children, Sam Benton and Ernestine. They live in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Maecenas E. Benton, the eldest of this family is a lawyer, born in Obion County, Tennessee, removed to Missouri in 1869. Was two terms State’s attorney, one term as State Representative, one term United States Attorney, and five terms a member of Congress. He was married in 1888 to Elizabeth Wise of Waxahachie, Texas and of Kentucky parentage. To whom were born Thomas Hart [the artist], Mary Elizabeth, Nathaniel Wise, and Mildred Benton, all now grown.
Rufus and Maecenas, the youngest of the children of Nat and Dorothy Benton and brothers of Nat, Abner, and Thomas H., died in youth.
This statement covers the direct line from Abner Benton the Englishman who came to America in 1731, down to and including all of the present generation of whom the writer has any knowledge.
Compiled by Maecenas E Benton of Neosho, Missouri from old family records, from Dorothy Myra Benton’s family bible and from his personal knowledge.
Dated July 22, 1915 (signed) ME Benton 

William Hume12 Hart (Andrew Searle11, George Vaughan Ledwich10, John9, George8, Henry7, George6, Henry5, John4, John3, Thomas2, Unknown John1) was born 19 September 1852, and died 28 May 1884 in At sea of Teneriffe, Canary Island.  He married Margaret Adelaide Preston 1876, daughter of John Preston.  She was born 1852, and died 22 May 1877 in Dublin, Ireland.
 
http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/h/a/r/Robert-H-Hart/FILE/0007page.html
Table of Contents
Surname List
First Generation
Second Generation
Third Generation
Fourth Generation
Index

Claiborne, Hart, Rice

First Generation
1. Thomas1 Hart (Thomas2, Thomas3), son of Thomas Hart and Susanna Rice, was born in Hanover County, VA December 11, 1730. Thomas died June 23, 1808 in Lexington, KY, at 77 years of age. His body was interred in Old Episcopal Cemetery, Lexington, KY.
He married Susanna Gray in North Carolina. Susanna was born 1749. Susanna was the daughter of John Gray. Susanna died 1832 in Lexington, KY, at 83 years of age. Her body was interred in Old Episcopal Cemetery, Lexington, KY. At 19 years of age Susanna became the mother of Eliza Hart September 9, 1768. At 23 years of age Susanna became the mother of Thomas Hart 1772. At 31 years of age Susanna became the mother of Lucretia Hart March 18, 1781. Susanna became the mother of Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart in Hagerstown, MD, ca 1784.
At 37 years of age Thomas became the father of Eliza Hart September 9, 1768. At 41 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart 1772. At 50 years of age Thomas became the father of Lucretia Hart March 18, 1781. Thomas became the father of Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart in Hagerstown, MD, ca 1784. Thomas Hart was engaged in business and had an entrprenurial bent. He was a member of the Transylvania Company and was one of the purchasers of some 20 million acres of Kentucky and Tennessee from the Cherokee Indians in 1775. This purchase was later nullified by the legislatures of Virginia and North Carolina. Thomas moved to Lexington, Kentucky from Hagerstown, MD in 1794. He had moved to Hagerstown from North Carolina during the Revolutionary War for safety. His biography from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography edited by William S. Powell, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1988 follows: Hart, Thomas (ca. 1730-23 June 1808), merchant, public official, and militia officer, the son of Thomas and Susannah Rice Hart, was born in Hanover County, Va., on a plantation settled in 1690 by his English-born grandfather, also named Thomas. John, Benjamin, David, and Nathaniel were his brothers, and Ann his only sister. The family moved to Orange County, N.C., in 1755 after their father died. By 1779, Thomas had received a total of 2,282 acres of land in grants and erected his home, Hartford, near Hillsborough. In addition to farming, he built a gristmill on the nearby Eno River and conducted other business enterprises at the location that became known as Hart’s Mill. Later he became a partner with Nathaniei Rochester and James Brown in a mercantile establishment in Hillsborough. After establishing himself financially, Hart married Susannah Gray, the daughter of the wealthy and politically prominent Colonel John Gray. In 1775, the colonel died and left his entire estate to his son-in-law, including the large plantation Grayfields. With capital resources thus increased, Hart shrewdly expanded his business and by his industrious management accumulated a considerable fortune according to the Orange County tax books for 1779. In addition to his financial prosperity, Hart was successful politically. Shortly after settling in North Carolina, he became an intimate of James Watson, James Thackston, Thomas Burke, James Hogg, William Johnston, and Richard Henderson, and an acquaintance of Governor William Tryon and Edmund Fanning. This led to his appointment as a vestryman of St. Matthew’s Parish as well as county sheriff for a two-year term and another beginning in 1768. In the latter year he was also made a captain in the Orange County militia and commissary for the troops of Orange and Granville counties. Throughout his tenure of office, the sheriff was in constant controversy with the increasingly active Regulators. In 1765, the Assembly passed a bill introduced by Edmund Fanning to award Hart £1,000 for his losses as sheriff, and the previous legislature had included Hart in a group exempt from the payment of taxes. These acts infuriated the Regulators, who claimed the sheriff had no losses, but was being rewarded at public expense for using his influence in the election of Fanning to office. Hart also displeased the government by his failure to collect the unpopular poll tax, either because he disapproved of the law or did not understand it. In 1765, the Assembly ordered him to make the collection. Whether or not he did, he settled his financial account in the colony satisfactorily, which won for him a tribute from Orange County residents because he was the only sheriff ever to do so. When Governor Tryon decided in 1768 to have Herman Husband arraigned in court for his Regulator activities, Sheriff Hart served the warrant and took the accused into custody. In the same year, and again in 1771, Hart was ordered to raise five hundred troops for the defense of the colony. He was unable to enlist the requested manpower but on both occasions accumulated sufficient provisions to sustain the troops Tryon assembled at Hillsborough. The actions of the royal government increasingly incited the wrath of the Regulators, and the sheriff was one of a group of officials they severely whipped in 1770. In view of such treatment, Hart undoubtedly received considerable satisfaction in serving as quartermaster for Tryon when the governor dispersed the Regulators at the Battle of Alamance. During the relative calm that ensued after the War of the Regulation, Hart was able to concentrate on business enterprises. The role of an entrepreneur appealed to him, and in 1774 he became one of the partners in Richard Henderson’s Louisa Company to buy and develop lands in what became Tennessee and Kentucky. Hart journeyed to the Watauga section of Tennessee as one of the company’s representatives at a meeting arranged by Daniel Boone with the Cherokee Indians. John Sevier and Isaac Shelby, who attended as spectators, saw the Indians accept several loads of “trading goods” in return for their titular rights to a huge area of western land. After this transaction, the company was reorganized as the Transylvania Company with Richard Henderson, Thomas Hart, Nathaniel Hart, William Johnston, James Hogg, John Luttrell, John Williams, David Hart, and Leonard Henly Bullock as shareholders. Trading with the Indians for western lands strictly violated the Royal Proclamation of 1763, but, as many Americans were engaging in land speculation despite the king’s fiat, the Transylvanians ignored it also. The potential profit in the venture was enormous, and the partners lost no time in enlisting settlers to buy or rent land in the territory. Thomas Hart visited the Watauga again in 1775 and his brother, Nathaniel, became a resident agent for the company in the west until he was killed by Indians in 1782. The outcome of the American Revolution relieved the Transylvania Company of any interference in its affairs from the British government but presented a new dilemma because the states of North Carolina and Virginia claimed Tennessee and Kentucky, respectively, as part of their territory. The partners determined to establish their claim to the western land if possible and years of litigation followed. The final decision rendered that the company’s purchase was illegal but a tract was awarded the partners to recompense them for the expenses incurred in the transaction. Hart traded part of his share for land in Kentucky and eventually settled on it. After the War of the Regulation, Hart continued to fill an important role in political affairs, serving as a juror; member of a commission to build a new jail in Hillsborough; member of the colonial Assembly from Orange County in 1773; and then representative in the First, Second, and Third Provincial congresses. When the Revolution began, he was appointed commissary for the Sixth North Carolina Regiment with the rank of colonel. In addition, he was elected a senator in the North Carolina General Assembly for the 1777 session where he became involved in the work of so many committees that he resigned his military commission in order to attend to them. Although Hart, with many others, could not condone the violent tactics of the Regulators, he felt no compunction in becoming an ardent patriot in the American Revolution when independence was formally declared. In doing so, he incurred the hatred of the loyal Tories who unleashed their persecutions when Lord Cornwallis approached Hillsborough with the British Army. Concerned for the safety of his wife and several daughters, Hart removed to Hagerstown, Md., accompanied by Nathaniel Rochester, one of his former business partners. Shortly after his departure the Battle of Hart’s Mill was fought on his property, which the British occupied. Hart and Rochester built a mill and a nail and rope factory, both of which prospered. The colonel gradually disposed of his North Carolina property and never returned to the state. He sold his homeplace, Hartford, to Jesse Benton, husband of his niece, Nancy, and father of Thomas Hart Benton. As the purchaser died before paying for the place, Hart became the mortgagee of the property through a friendly lawsuit and allowed the widow and her family to continue to live there. The mortage was never fully redeemed, which apparently caused no ill will as Hart left the Bentons an additional tract of land when he died. In 1794, Hart moved to Lexington, Ky., where he resided for the remainder of his life. He built up his rope and hemp business into a highly profitable commercial enterprise and engaged in various forms of trade and investment. Due to his affluence, pleasing personality, and shrewd mind, Hart soon became one of the most prominent men in Kentucky. His daughter, Ann (Nancy), married James Brown who had engaged in business with the colonel and Rochester back in Hillsborough, and who later became the U.S. minister to France. Another daughter, Lucretia, born after the Harts left North Carolina, married Henry Clay. A niece married Isaac Shelby, and the other members of the family made marital connections in influential circles. In Maryland, Hart was a communicant of All Saints’ Parish (later renamed St. John’s), of the Protestant Episcopal church. In Kentucky, he joined an Episcopal society which eventually became Christ Church in Lexington. He was buried in the Old Episcopal Graveyard in that city. No portrait of Hart has been found.
SEE: Walter Clark, ed., State Records of North Carolina, vols. 11, 16, 24 (1895, 1899, 1905); Lyman Copeland Draper Letters (Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort); William S. Lester, The Transylvania Colony (1935); Frank Nash, Hillsboro: Colonial and Revolutionary (1953); Records of Orange County (Offices, Register of Deeds and Clerk of Courts, County Courthouse, Hillsborough); William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vols. 7, 8 (1890); Durward T. Stokes, “Thomas Hart in North Carolina,” North Carolina Historical Review 41 (1964).
DURWARD T. STOKES
A web site about the Hart family may be found at http://www.fortunecity.com/banners/interstitial.html?http://www.airtanker.com/mcnally/hart/index.html.
Thomas Hart and Susanna Gray had the following children:
2 i. Anne Hart. Anne died October 20, 1830. She married James Brown. James was born in near Staunton, VA September 11, 1766. James was the son of John Brown and Margaret Preston. James died April 7, 1835 in Philadelphia, PA, at 68 years of age. James’s occupation: Attorney.
3 ii. John Hart. John died 1820 in St. Louis, MO.
4 iii. Susanna Hart. Susanna died 1865 in Louisville, KY. She married Samuel Price.
5 iv. Eliza Hart was born September 9, 1768. Eliza died 1798 in Hagerstown, MD, at 29 years of age. She married Richard Pindell. Richard died March 16, 1833 in Lexington, KY. Richard became the father of Mary “Polly” Pindell 1787.
At 18 years of age Eliza became the mother of Mary “Polly” Pindell 1787.
6 v. Thomas Hart was born 1772. Thomas died 1809 in Lexington, KY, at 37 years of age. He married Eleanor Grosch. Eleanor was born in Hagertown, MD 1772. Eleanor died 1856 in Lexington, KY, at 84 years of age.

7 vi. Lucretia Hart was born March 18, 1781. Lucretia died April 7, 1864 in Fayette Co., KY, at 83 years of age. Her body was interred in Lexington Cemetery. She married Henry Clay in Lexington, KY, April 11, 1799. Henry was born in Hanover County, VA April 12, 1777. Henry was the son of John Clay and Elizabeth Hudson. Henry died June 29, 1852 in Washington, DC, at 75 years of age. His body was interred in Lexington Cemetery. At 23 years of age Henry became the father of Henrietta Clay June 25, 1800. At 25 years of age Henry became the father of Theodore Wythe Clay July 3, 1802. At 26 years of age Henry became the father of Thomas Hart Clay September 22, 1803. At 27 years of age Henry became the father of Susan Hart Clay February 14, 1805. At 30 years of age Henry became the father of Anne Brown Clay in Lexington, KY, April 15, 1807. At 31 years of age Henry became the father of Lucretia Hart Clay February 1809. At 33 years of age Henry became the father of Henry Clay, Jr. April 10, 1811. At 36 years of age Henry became the father of Eliza H. Clay July 5, 1813. At 38 years of age Henry became the father of Laura Clay October 16, 1815. At 40 years of age Henry became the father of James Brown Clay in Washington, DC, November 9, 1817. At 43 years of age Henry became the father of John Morrison Clay in Fayette Co., KY, February 21, 1821.
At 19 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Henrietta Clay June 25, 1800. At 21 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Theodore Wythe Clay July 3, 1802. At 22 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Thomas Hart Clay September 22, 1803. At 23 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Susan Hart Clay February 14, 1805. At 26 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Anne Brown Clay in Lexington, KY, April 15, 1807. At 27 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Lucretia Hart Clay February 1809. At 30 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Henry Clay, Jr. April 10, 1811. At 32 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Eliza H. Clay July 5, 1813. At 34 years of age Lucretia became the mother of Laura Clay October 16, 1815. At 36 years of age Lucretia became the mother of James Brown Clay in Washington, DC, November 9, 1817. At 39 years of age Lucretia became the mother of John Morrison Clay in Fayette Co., KY, February 21, 1821.
8 vii. Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart was born in Hagerstown, MD ca 1784. Nathaniel died January 23, 1813 in Battle of the River Raisin, at 28 years of age. He married Anna Edward Gist in Frankfort, KY, April 6, 1809. Anna is the daughter of Thomas Gist. Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart was a Captain in the War of 1812 and was killed at the battle of the River Raisin. Hart County, Kentucky is named for him. He was a lawyer who studied under Henry Clay and practiced in Lexington, Kentucky. He is listed in The Kentucky Encyclopedia.
Second Generation
9. Thomas2 Hart (Thomas3) was born in England circa 1679. Thomas died circa 1755 Hanover Co., VA.
He married Susanna Rice in Virginia, ca 1729. Susanna was born in New Kent Co., VA 1707. Susanna was the daughter of Thomas Rice and Marcy. Susanna died 1785 in Orange Co., NC, at 78 years of age. At 23 years of age Susanna became the mother of Thomas Hart in Hanover County, VA, December 11, 1730. At 25 years of age Susanna became the mother of Benjamin Hart in Hanover Co., NC, October 1732. At 26 years of age Susanna became the mother of Nathaniel Hart in Hanover County, VA, May 8, 1734. Susanna became the mother of David Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1736. Susanna became the mother of John Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1738. At 33 years of age Susanna became the mother of Ann Hart Hanover Co., VA, 1740.
At 51 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart in Hanover County, VA, December 11, 1730. At 53 years of age Thomas became the father of Benjamin Hart in Hanover Co., NC, October 1732. At 54 years of age Thomas became the father of Nathaniel Hart in Hanover County, VA, May 8, 1734. Thomas became the father of David Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1736. Thomas became the father of John Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1738. At 61 years of age Thomas became the father of Ann Hart Hanover Co., VA, 1740.
Thomas Hart and Susanna Rice had the following children:
+ 1 i. Thomas1 Hart was born December 11, 1730.
10 ii. Benjamin Hart was born in Hanover Co., NC October 1732. Benjamin died January 2, 1802 in Brunswick, Glynn Co., GA, at 69 years of age. He married Nancy Ann Morgan in North Carolina, 1760. Nancy was born in Orange Co., NC March 17, 1747. Nancy was the daughter of Thomas Morgan and Rebecca Alexander. Nancy died 1835 in Henderson Co., KY, at 88 years of age.
11 iii. Nathaniel Hart was born in Hanover County, VA May 8, 1734. Nathaniel died July 22, 1782 in near Boonesborough, KY, at 48 years of age. His body was interred in family cemetery near Boonesborough. He married Sarah Simpson in North Carolina, December 25, 1760. Sarah was born in Fairfax Co., VA February 24, 1743/4. Sarah was the daughter of Richard Simpson, Jr. and Mary Kincheloe. Sarah died March 1785 in Lincoln Co., KY, at 41 years of age. Her body was interred in family cemetery near Boonesborough. At 18 years of age Sarah became the mother of Keziah Hart in Caswell Co., NC, March 18, 1762. At 19 years of age Sarah became the mother of Susannah Hart in Caswell Co., NC, February 18, 1764. At 24 years of age Sarah became the mother of Simpson Hart in Caswell Co., NC, April 30, 1768. At 26 years of age Sarah became the mother of Nathaniel Hart, Jr. in Caswell Co., NC, September 30, 1770. At 27 years of age Sarah became the mother of John Hart in Caswell Co., NC, February 5, 1772. At 31 years of age Sarah became the mother of Mary Ann Hart April 7, 1775. At 32 years of age Sarah became the mother of Cumberland Hart July 17, 1776. At 35 years of age Sarah became the mother of Chinoe Hart in Boonesborough, VA (now KY), October 25, 1779. At 38 years of age Sarah became the mother of Thomas Richard Green Hart in Boonesborough, VA (now KY), June 29, 1782.
At 27 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Keziah Hart in Caswell Co., NC, March 18, 1762. At 29 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Susannah Hart in Caswell Co., NC, February 18, 1764. At 33 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Simpson Hart in Caswell Co., NC, April 30, 1768. At 36 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Nathaniel Hart, Jr. in Caswell Co., NC, September 30, 1770. At 37 years of age Nathaniel became the father of John Hart in Caswell Co., NC, February 5, 1772. At 40 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Mary Ann Hart April 7, 1775. At 42 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Cumberland Hart July 17, 1776. At 45 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Chinoe Hart in Boonesborough, VA (now KY), October 25, 1779. At 48 years of age Nathaniel became the father of Thomas Richard Green Hart in Boonesborough, VA (now KY), June 29, 1782. Nathaniel Hart was a member of the Transylvania Company and was one of the purchasers of some 20 million acres of land in Kentucky and Tennessee from the Indians in 1775. He was one of the original settlers at Boonesborough in 1775 and helped construct the fort there. His biography from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography edited by William S. Powell, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1988, follows: Hart, Nathaniel (1734-82), pioneer, Revolutionary officer, and proprietor in and chief negotiator for the Transylvania Company of Kentucky, was born in Hanover County, Va., the son of Thomas and Susannah Rice Hart. His grandfather, Thomas Hart, a merchant, emigrated from London, England, to Hanover County about 1690 and left an only son, Thomas (1632-1755), father of Nathanlel. His mother was an aunt of Daniel Rice, the renowned Presbyterian minister who, before moving to Kentucky in 1781, is said to have taken part in the establishment of one or more early Presbyterian churches in Orange County (now Caswell County), N.C., among which Hyco (now Red House) is one of the oldest in central North Carolina. Shortly after Thomas Hart’s death, his widow and children moved to Orange County and settled on Country Line Creek, where three of her sons–Thomas, Nathaniel, and David–in the late 1750s and early 1760s obtained land grants in the area that was cut off from Orange in 1777 to form Caswell County. Nathaniel Hart’s estate, known as Red House, located at Nat’s Fork on Country Line Creek, was of considerable proportions. Referred to as “Captain Hart,” he was not only a polished member of society but also an “accomplished and complete gentleman.” As one of the proprietors of the Transylvania Company, he was a leading spirit in opening the Kentucky territory and in establishing the town of Boonesborough. At the Battle of Alamance, Hart led a company of infantrymen in Governor Tryon’s army; after the battle, he was highly complimented by the governor and his officers for the gallant and spirited behavior of the detachment under his command. Following the efforts of Daniel Boone and his brother, Squire Boone, to settle Kentucky, Richard Henderson of Granville County in association with Nathaniel Hart, Thomas Hart, John Williams, William Johnson, and John Lutterell, on 27 Aug. 1774 organized the Louisa Company for the purpose of purchasing from the Cherokee Nation a large territory lying on the west side of the mountains on the Mississippi River. In the autumn of 1774, Nathaniel Hart, the chief negotiator, along with Richard Henderson, president of the company, visited the territory and met with the chiefs of the various tribes in the Cherokee country to discuss their interest in buying the land west of the Cumberland Mountains. Nathaniel Hart, Jr., wrote that his father returned to his home with six or eight of the principal men of the Cherokee Nation, who remained with him until the latter part of the year and assisted in the selection of a large supply of goods to be used in exchange for the land. By 1775 the enterprise had outgrown the Articles of Agreement of the Louisa Company. After a reorganization, a new company, called the Transylvania Company, was formed and Daniel Boone was hired to explore the territory. Soon Nathaniel Hart and Richard Henderson brought vast quantities of goods from Cross Creek (now Fayetteville) to Sycamore on the Watauga River near what is now Elizabethton, Tenn. The Watauga meeting, arranged by Hart, lasted twenty days and was attended by 500 to 1,000 Cherokee Indians along with their chiefs. The Transylvania Company was represented by Hart and his brother Thomas, Henderson, and John Williams. Negotiations broke down and the Indians left, but it is said that Nathaniel Hart overtook them the next day, persuaded them to return, and an agreement was reached. On 17 Mar. 1775, the conveyance or treaty was signed, by which the Transylvania Company acquired all of the territory from the Kentucky to the Cumberland rivers. Title to the land was taken in the name of Richard Henderson, Nathaniel Hart, and the other seven proprietors of the company as tenants in common. This purchase was said to have been the largest private land deal ever undertaken in North America. Nathaniel Hart and his associates invested much of their time and private fortunes in the venture; they succeeded in obtaining for the colonies peaceful possession of the land from the Indians, thus permitting the opening of the Kentucky territory for colonization. Nevertheless, they received very little for their efforts. Because of a proclamation by the royal governors of Virginia and North Carolina that prohibited treaties or purchases of land from Indians by individuals, the Crown refused to recognize the transaction and declared it null and void. The same proclamation, in substance, was reenacted by the Virginia assembly after the colonies gained independence from Great Britain. As a consequence, the Transylvania Company retained only that small area of the land lying on the Green River in Kentucky and that portion lying on the North Carolina side of the Virginia line, and its plan to establish an original fourteenth colony in America resulted in failure. In 1760 Hart married Sarah Simpson, daughter of Captain Richard Simpson, a large plantation owner who was one of the earliest settlers in what is now Caswell County. Their daughter, Susanna, in 1783 married General Isaac Shelby, planner of the Battle of Cowpens and hero of the Battle of Kings Mountain, who became the first governor of the state of Kentucky and for whom the towns of Shelby, N.C., Shelbyville, Tenn., and Shelby County, Ky., were named. Nathaniel and Sarah Hart’s grandson, Thomas Hart Shelby of Traveler’s Rest, Ky., was said to have been the first importer of thoroughbred livestock, including racehorses, into the state of Kentucky. Hart was appointed a justice of the peace by the royal governor. He served as captain of militia before the outbreak of the Revolution and as captain in the army during the American Revolution. He was killed by Indians near Logan’s Station in Lincoln, Ky., where he left his will. In 1783 his widow and their son Nathaniel, Jr., went to Logan’s Station to prove the will.
SEE: John R. Alden, John Stuart and the Southern Colonial Frontier (1966); Walter Clark, ed., State Records of North Carolina, vols. 16, 19, 22, 24 (1899-1905); Lewis Collins, Historical Sketches of Kentucky (1850); Dartmouth Papers, 5, 127, 1353 (North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh); Lyman C. Draper Papers (Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison); Genealogical Narrative, “The Hart Family in the United States” (North Carolina State Library, Raleigh); Archibald Henderson, The Transylvania Company and the Founding of Henderson, Kentucky (1929); Land grants of Caswell and Orange counties (Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh); William S. Lester, The Transylvania Colony (1935); George N. MacKenzie, Colonial Families of the United States, vol. 2 (1966); W. E Palmer, ed., Calendar of Virginia State Papers, vol. 1 (1875); William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vols. 6, 8-10 (1888-90); Tyler’s Quarterly 31 (1949), 32 (1950); Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 7 (1899-1900); Frederick A. Virkus, The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy, vol. 5 (1933). VANCE E. SWIFT
A web site about the Hart family may be found at http://www.airtanker.com/mcnally/hart/index.html.
12 iv. David Hart was born Hanover Co., VA ca 1736. He married Susanna Nunn in Orange Co., NC, ca 1763. Susanna was born Hanover Co., VA ca 1742.
13 v. John Hart was born Hanover Co., VA ca 1738.
14 vi. Ann Hart was born Hanover Co., VA 1740. She married James Gooch in Orange Co., NC, 1763. James was born Hanover Co., VA ca 1736.
15. Susanna2 Rice (Thomas3, Edward4) was born in New Kent Co., VA 1707. Susanna died 1785 in Orange Co., NC, at 78 years of age.
She married Thomas Hart in Virginia, ca 1729. Thomas was born in England circa 1679. Thomas was the son of Thomas Hart and Mary. Thomas died circa 1755 Hanover Co., VA. At 51 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart in Hanover County, VA, December 11, 1730. At 53 years of age Thomas became the father of Benjamin Hart in Hanover Co., NC, October 1732. At 54 years of age Thomas became the father of Nathaniel Hart in Hanover County, VA, May 8, 1734. Thomas became the father of David Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1736. Thomas became the father of John Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1738. At 61 years of age Thomas became the father of Ann Hart Hanover Co., VA, 1740. (See Thomas Hart for the children resulting from this marriage.)
At 23 years of age Susanna became the mother of Thomas Hart in Hanover County, VA, December 11, 1730. At 25 years of age Susanna became the mother of Benjamin Hart in Hanover Co., NC, October 1732. At 26 years of age Susanna became the mother of Nathaniel Hart in Hanover County, VA, May 8, 1734. Susanna became the mother of David Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1736. Susanna became the mother of John Hart Hanover Co., VA, ca 1738. At 33 years of age Susanna became the mother of Ann Hart Hanover Co., VA, 1740.
Third Generation
16. Thomas3 Hart was born in England. Thomas died Hanover Co., VA.
He married Mary in England, ca 1675. Mary was born England. Mary became the mother of Thomas Hart in England, circa 1679.
Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart in England, circa 1679. Thomas Hart immigrated to Hanover Co., Virginia from England about 1690 bringing with him his 11 year old son, Thomas.
Thomas Hart and Mary had the following child:
+ 9 i. Thomas2 Hart was born circa 1679.
17. Mary3 was born England.
She married Thomas Hart in England, ca 1675. Thomas was born in England. Thomas died Hanover Co., VA. Thomas became the father of Thomas Hart in England, circa 1679. (See Thomas Hart for the children resulting from this marriage.)
Mary became the mother of Thomas Hart in England, circa 1679.
18. Thomas3 Rice (Edward4) was born in Shirementon, Bristol, England 1656. Thomas died ca 1711 in at sea.
He married Marcy in New Kent Co., VA, 1679. Marcy was born in New Kent Co., VA 1664. Marcy died after 1722 Hanover Co., VA. At 16 years of age Marcy became the mother of David Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1680. At 18 years of age Marcy became the mother of William Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1682. At 20 years of age Marcy became the mother of Michael Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1684. At 21 years of age Marcy became the mother of James Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 4, 1686. At 23 years of age Marcy became the mother of Thomas Rice in New Kent Co., VA, June 24, 1688. At 25 years of age Marcy became the mother of Edward Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 17, 1690. At 30 years of age Marcy became the mother of Mary Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1694. At 34 years of age Marcy became the mother of John Rice in New Kent Co., VA, September 18, 1698. At 35 years of age Marcy became the mother of Francis Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1699. At 38 years of age Marcy became the mother of Henry Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1702. At 43 years of age Marcy became the mother of Susanna Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1707. At 45 years of age Marcy became the mother of Elizabeth Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1709.
At 24 years of age Thomas became the father of David Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1680. At 26 years of age Thomas became the father of William Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1682. At 28 years of age Thomas became the father of Michael Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1684. At 29 years of age Thomas became the father of James Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 4, 1686. At 31 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Rice in New Kent Co., VA, June 24, 1688. At 33 years of age Thomas became the father of Edward Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 17, 1690. At 38 years of age Thomas became the father of Mary Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1694. At 42 years of age Thomas became the father of John Rice in New Kent Co., VA, September 18, 1698. At 43 years of age Thomas became the father of Francis Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1699. At 46 years of age Thomas became the father of Henry Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1702. At 51 years of age Thomas became the father of Susanna Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1707. At 53 years of age Thomas became the father of Elizabeth Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1709.
Thomas Rice and Marcy had the following children:
19 i. David2 Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1680.
20 ii. William Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1682. William died after December, 1734.
21 iii. Michael Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1684.
22 iv. James Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA April 4, 1686. He married Margaret House.
23 v. Thomas Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA June 24, 1688. Thomas died January 28, 1745 at 56 years of age.
24 vi. Edward Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA April 17, 1690. Edward died October 15, 1770 Goochland Co., VA, at 80 years of age. He married Mary Claiborne. Mary is the daughter of William Claiborne.
25 vii. Mary Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1694.
26 viii. John Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA September 18, 1698. John died after 1736.
27 ix. Francis Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1699. Francis died after 1736.
28 x. Henry Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1702.
+ 15 xi. Susanna Rice was born 1707.
29 xii. Elizabeth Rice was born in New Kent Co., VA 1709.
30. Marcy3 was born in New Kent Co., VA 1664. Marcy died after 1722 Hanover Co., VA.
She married Thomas Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1679. Thomas was born in Shirementon, Bristol, England 1656. Thomas was the son of Edward Rice and Mary Claiborne. Thomas died ca 1711 in at sea. At 24 years of age Thomas became the father of David Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1680. At 26 years of age Thomas became the father of William Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1682. At 28 years of age Thomas became the father of Michael Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1684. At 29 years of age Thomas became the father of James Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 4, 1686. At 31 years of age Thomas became the father of Thomas Rice in New Kent Co., VA, June 24, 1688. At 33 years of age Thomas became the father of Edward Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 17, 1690. At 38 years of age Thomas became the father of Mary Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1694. At 42 years of age Thomas became the father of John Rice in New Kent Co., VA, September 18, 1698. At 43 years of age Thomas became the father of Francis Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1699. At 46 years of age Thomas became the father of Henry Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1702. At 51 years of age Thomas became the father of Susanna Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1707. At 53 years of age Thomas became the father of Elizabeth Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1709. (See Thomas Rice for the children resulting from this marriage.)
At 16 years of age Marcy became the mother of David Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1680. At 18 years of age Marcy became the mother of William Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1682. At 20 years of age Marcy became the mother of Michael Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1684. At 21 years of age Marcy became the mother of James Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 4, 1686. At 23 years of age Marcy became the mother of Thomas Rice in New Kent Co., VA, June 24, 1688. At 25 years of age Marcy became the mother of Edward Rice in New Kent Co., VA, April 17, 1690. At 30 years of age Marcy became the mother of Mary Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1694. At 34 years of age Marcy became the mother of John Rice in New Kent Co., VA, September 18, 1698. At 35 years of age Marcy became the mother of Francis Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1699. At 38 years of age Marcy became the mother of Henry Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1702. At 43 years of age Marcy became the mother of Susanna Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1707. At 45 years of age Marcy became the mother of Elizabeth Rice in New Kent Co., VA, 1709.
Fourth Generation
31. Edward4 Rice birth date unknown.
He married Mary Claiborne. Mary became the mother of Thomas Rice in Shirementon, Bristol, England, 1656.
Edward became the father of Thomas Rice in Shirementon, Bristol, England, 1656.
Edward Rice and Mary Claiborne had the following child:
+ 18 i. Thomas3 Rice was born 1656.
32. Mary4 Claiborne birth date unknown.
She married Edward Rice. Edward became the father of Thomas Rice in Shirementon, Bristol, England, 1656. (See Edward Rice for the children resulting from this marriage.)
Mary became the mother of Thomas Rice in Shirementon, Bristol, England, 1656.

Index
Brown
Brown, James (marriage to Anne Hart) (i856), b.1766-d.1835
Claiborne
Claiborne, Mary (i4788)
Claiborne, Mary (marriage to Edward Rice) (i4796)
Claiborne, Mary (marriage to Edward Rice) (i4788)
Clay
Clay, Henry (marriage to Lucretia Hart) (i106), b.1777-d.1852
Gist
Gist, Anna Edward (marriage to Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart) (i1832)
Gooch
Gooch, James (marriage to Ann Hart) (i4781), b.1736-
Gray
Gray, Susanna (marriage to Thomas Hart) (i204), b.1749-d.1832
Grosch
Grosch, Eleanor (marriage to Thomas Hart) (i1831), b.1772-d.1856
Hart
Hart, Ann (i4780), b.1740-
Hart, Anne (i863), d.1830
Hart, Benjamin (i4774), b.1732-d.1802
Hart, David (i4778), b.1736-
Hart, Eliza (i1838), b.1768-d.1798
Hart, John (i1837), d.1820
Hart, John (i4773), b.1738-
Hart, Lucretia (i107), b.1781-d.1864
Hart, Nathaniel (i386), b.1734-d.1782
Hart, Nathaniel Gray Smith (i1829), b.1784-d.1813
Hart, Susanna (i1840), d.1865
Hart, Thomas (i203), b.1730-d.1808
Hart, Thomas (i214), b.1679-d.1755
Hart, Thomas (i216)
Hart, Thomas (i1830), b.1772-d.1809
Hart, Thomas (marriage to Mary) (i216)
Hart, Thomas (marriage to Susanna Rice) (i214), b.1679-d.1755
House
House, Margaret (marriage to James Rice) (i4793)
(—–)
Marcy (i4786), b.1664-d.1722
Marcy (marriage to Thomas Rice) (i4786), b.1664-d.1722
Mary (i4785)
Mary (marriage to Thomas Hart) (i4785)
Morgan
Morgan, Nancy Ann (marriage to Benjamin Hart) (i4775), b.1747-d.1835
Nunn
Nunn, Susanna (marriage to David Hart) (i4779), b.1742-

l

Breckinridge at her desk.
She was educated in Lexington, Kentucky and at Miss Porter’s School in Farmington, Connecticut, and at State College (now the University of Kentucky) intermittently between 1890-1894. In 1898 Madeline McDowell married Desha Breckinridge, the editor of the Lexington Herald and a brother of the pioneering social worker Sophonisba Breckinridge. The Breckinridges together used the newspaper’s editorial pages to promote political and social causes of the Progressive Era, especially programs for the poor, child welfare and for women’s rights.
The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed shortly before she died. She was able to vote only once in her life, in the November United States presidential election, 1920, before suffering a stroke and dying on Thanksgiving Day, at the age of 48.

Henry Clay McDowell (February 9, 1832 – November 18, 1899) was an American businessman and noted Standardbred horse breeder.
In 1857, he married Anne Smith Clay, daughter of Henry Clay, Jr. with whom he had seven children. They made their home in Louisville, Kentucky until 1883 when they purchased Ashland Farm in Lexington, Kentucky that had belonged to Anne Clay McDowell’s famous grandfather, Henry Clay.
During the American Civil War, Henry McDowell served with the Union Army. He rose to the rank of major as a member of the staff of General William Rosecrans. In business, McDowell was president of the Lexington and Eastern Railway.
In 1883, McDowell purchased Dictator, a top Standardbred sire who was one of the four influential sons of Hambletonian.
Henry Clay McDowell died at age sixty-seven in 1899. In his obituary, the San Francisco Call newspaper wrote that he was “probably the best known citizen of Kentucky in private life.”
Son Henry Jr. was a distinguished jurist and son Thomas was a successful horseman who won the 1902 Kentucky Derby. Daughter Madeline was a noted social reformer whose efforts were focused on child welfare, health issues, and women’s rights.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_System_(economic_plan)

The information found here comes from The Prestons of Smithfield and Greenfield in Virginia by John Frederick Dorman who is one of the preeminent authorities of Virginia genealogy.  The descendants of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton are remarkable for the number of outstanding individuals spread over several generations.  There are literally dozens of  politicians, military men (including generals on both sides of the Civil War), preachers, doctors and authors.  This is only a sampling of people who caught my attention.  I strongly recommend anyone interested in this family to find The Prestons of Smithfield and Greenfield in Virginia.
   
 
 The Descendants of John Preston (1687-1747) and Elizabeth Patton (1700-1776)
 
 
 
Generation One
 
1.  John PRESTON was born in 1687 in Newton, Timivady, Donegal, Ireland. He married Elizabeth Patton, daughter of Henry Patton and Sarah Lynn, in 1716 in Ireland. He died in 1747 in Tinkling Springs in Augusta  Co., VA and is buried in the Tinkling Spring Church cemetery.
     John immigrated on August 26, 1738 arriving in Virginia from Whitehaven on the ship Walpole commanded by John Preston’s brother-in-law, Col. James Patton.  Despite an eventual estrangement between the families, Patton and Preston worked together in land speculation. Col. Patton’s 1747 survey of 7500 acres at Draper was subdivided for settlers by William Preston in 1754.  This land eventually became the Radford and Christiansburg area.
     Elizabeth PATTON was born on December 25, 1700 in Burncrannack, Ireland. She died on December 25, 1776 in Greenfield, Botetourt Co., VA, at age 76. Elizabeth Patton was a sister of Col. James Patton of Donnegal and emigrated with him to  Virginia in 1740. 
     Children of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton were as follows:
+        2.        i.    Margaret PRESTON, born 1727 in Ireland; married Rev. John Brown.
+        3.       ii.    Letitia PRESTON, born 1729 in Ireland; married Col. Robert Breckinridge.
+        4.     iii.    William PRESTON, born December 25, 1729 in Newton-Limavady, Donegal, Ireland; married Susanna Smith.
+        5.      iv.    Ann PRESTON, born 1739 in Ireland; married Francis Smith.
+        6.       v.    Mary PRESTON, born 1740 in Augusta Co., VA; married John Howard.
          7.      vi.    James PRESTON was born in 1742 and baptized October 18, 1742. He died young.
 
Generation Two
 
2.  Margaret PRESTON (John1) was born in 1727 in Ireland. She married Rev. John Brown circa 1755. She died in 1802 in KY.
     Rev. John BROWN, son of James and Jennet (Stevenson) Brown, was born in 1728 in Ireland. He died in 1803 in Frankfort, KY.
     Children of Margaret Preston and Rev. John Brown were as follows:
+        8.        i.    Elizabeth BROWN, born December 4, 1755; married Rev. Thomas Brown Craighead.
+        9.       ii.    John BROWN, born September 12, 1757 in Staunton, VA; married Margaretta Mason.
         10.     iii.    James BROWN was born on September 12, 1757, a twin of John. He died in infancy.
         11.      iv.    William BROWN was born on November 22, 1759. He died in infancy.
         12.       v.    William BROWN was born on November 22, 1760. He died in 1783.
+      13.      vi.    Mary BROWN, born July 14, 1763; married Dr. Alexander Humphreys.
         14.    vii.    James BROWN was born on September 11, 1766 in Staunton, VA. He married Ann Hart, the daughter of Col. Thomas and Susanna (Gray) Hart, circa 1795. He died on April 7, 1835 in Philadelphia, PA, at age 68.
     James began military service in 1791 when he commanded a company of riflemen in Gen. James Wilkinson’s expedition against the northwest Indians. He was appointed the first Secretary of State of KY by Governor Isaac Shelby on June 5, 1792. James was appointed Secretary of the Territory of New Orleans and then became U. S. District Attorney.  He prepared the civil code of Louisiana with Moreau Lislet and was a member of the convention that adopted the first constitution of Louisiana in 1812. He was elected U. S. Senator between 1813 and 1823. James served as the U. S. Minister to France between 1823 and 1829.
+      15.    viii.    Samuel BROWN, born January 30, 1769 in Rockbridge Co., VA; married Catherine Percy.
         16.      ix.    David BROWN was born on July 8, 1772.
         17.       x.    Eben BROWN was born on April 27, 1773. He died young.
         18.      xi.    Preston W. BROWN, born January 15, 1775 in Rockbridge Co., VA; married Elizabeth Watts.
 
 
3.  Letitia PRESTON (John1) was born in 1729 in Ireland. She married Col. Robert Breckinridge on July 10, 1758 in Augusta Co., VA. She died in March, 1797.
     Letitia moved from Botetourt Co., VA to Fayette Co., KY in May 1793 with all the children except James.
     Col. Robert BRECKINRIDGE was born in 1720 in Ayshire, Scotland. He married Mary Poague circa 1740. He died in 1772 in Fincastle, Botetourt County, Va.
     Robert Breckinridge is named in a certificate of importation on May 22, 1740 that was granted to his father by the Orange County Court which also stated that the family came from Ireland to Philadelphia, PA and then to VA. He became Sheriff of Augusta Co., VA on November 21, 1753. Robert began military service in 1756 in Augusta Co., VA and was the captain of a company of Rangers which was incorporated with a detachment of the 1st VA Regiment for an expedition under Col. Andrew Lewis against the Shawnee Indians.
     Children of Letitia Preston and Col. Robert Breckinridge were as follows:
         19.        i.    William BRECKINRIDGE, born May 2, 1759; married Mary Gilham.
+      20.       ii.    John BRECKINRIDGE, born December 2, 1760 in Staunton, VA; married Mary Hopkins Cabell.
+      21.     iii.    James BRECKINRIDGE, born March 7, 1763 in Botetourt County, VA; married Ann Selden.
         22.      iv.    Jane BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1765. She died young.
         23.       v.    Elizabeth BRECKINRIDGE, born circa 1766; married Samuel Meredith.
         24.      vi.    Preston BRECKINRIDGE, born March 17, 1770; married Elizabeth Trigg.
 
 
4.  William PRESTON (John1) was born on December 25, 1729 in Newton-Limavady, Donegal, Ireland. He married Susanna Smith on January 17, 1761, service by the Rev. Patrick Henry. He died on June 28, 1783 in Smithfield, Botetourt Co., VA, at age 53.
     William became a justice of the Augusta County Court on March 21, 1755. He began military service in August 1755 and was commissioned a Captain of a company of rangers in Augusta Co., VA.  During the late winter of 1755-1756 he marched against the Shawnee Indians.  In Oct 1756 William accompanied George Washington during his survey of the frontier. William lived in February 1759 in Botetourt Co., VA where he purchased 191 acres on Buffalo Creek from Stephen Rentfro which was the basis for his plantation, “Greenfield.” By the time of William’s death, Greenfield was 2175 acres. He became sheriff, coroner and escheator on November 21, 1759 in Augusta Co., VA. He was commissioned sheriff on December 1, 1772 in Fincastle Co., VA. William purchased tracts of 315 & 220 acres at Draper’s Meadow from Edmund Winston on May 24, 1773.  These became the “Smithfield” plantation. He began military service on October 7, 1775 in Fincastle Co., VA when he was commissioned Lieutenant and Commander in Chief of the county militia and was actively engaged in planning the military affairs on the Virginia frontier throughout the Revolutionary War including the campaign in 1780 which led to the defeat of the Tories at King’s Mountain.
     Susanna SMITH, daughter of Francis and Elizabeth (Waddy) Smith of Hanover Co., VA, was born on January 23, 1740 in Hanover Co., VA. She died on June 19, 1823 in Blacksburg, Montgomery Co., VA, at age 83 and is buried at Smithfield.
     Children of William Preston and Susanna Smith were as follows:
         25.        i.    Elizabeth PRESTON, born May 31, 1762 in Augusta Co., VA; married William Strother Madison.
+      26.       ii.    John PRESTON, born May 24, 1764 in Greenfield Plantation, Botetourt Co., VA; married Mary Radford; married Eliza Ann Carrington.
+      27.     iii.    Francis PRESTON, born August 2, 1765 in Greenfield, Botetourt Co., VA; married Sarah Buchanan Campbell.
+      28.      iv.    Sarah PRESTON, born May 3, 1767 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA; married Col. James McDowell.
+      29.       v.    William PRESTON, born September 5, 1770 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA; married Caroline Hancock.
+      30.      vi.    Susanna PRESTON, born October 7, 1772 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA; married Nathaniel Hart Jr.
+      31.    vii.    James Patton PRESTON, born June 21, 1774 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married Ann Barraud Taylor.
+      32.    viii.    Mary PRESTON, born September 29, 1776 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married Maj. John Lewis.
+      33.      ix.    Letitia PRESTON, born September 29, 1779 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married John Floyd.
+      34.       x.    Thomas Lewis PRESTON, born August 19, 1781 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married Edmonia Madison Randolph.
+      35.      xi.    Margaret Brown PRESTON, born February 23, 1784 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married John Preston.
 
 
5.  Ann PRESTON (John1) was born in 1739 in Ireland. She married Francis Smith in August 1761 in Augusta Co., VA. She died in 1813 in KY.
     Francis SMITH, son of Stephen Smith and Phebe Hawkins, was born circa 1735. He died in 1817 in Woodford Co., KY.
     Children of Ann Preston and Francis Smith were as follows:
+      36.        i.    Elizabeth SMITH, born October 16, 1762; married James Blair.
         37.       ii.    John SMITH, born 1765; married Chinoe Hart.
         38.     iii.    Susanna SMITH was born in 1775 in Botetourt Co., VA. She married William Trigg in August, 1788 in Botetourt Co., VA. She died in 1842 in Sherwood, Woodford Co., KY.
+      39.      iv.    Jane SMITH, born 1777 in Botetourt Co., VA; married George Madison.
         40.       v.    William Preston SMITH was born circa 1780. He died on July 14, 1801.
+      41.      vi.    Agatha SMITH, born 1780 in Botetourt Co., VA; married Louis Marshall.
 
 
6.  Mary PRESTON (John1) was born in 1740 in Augusta Co., VA. She married John Howard in October, 1764 in Augusta Co., VA. She died in 1814 in Fayette Co., KY.
     John HOWARD, son of Allen and Elizabeth Howard, was born on February 22, 1733/34 in Carter’s Ferry, Goochland Co., VA. He died on November 7, 1834 in Lexington, KY, at age 100.
     Children of Mary Preston and John Howard were as follows:
         42.        i.    Elizabeth HOWARD, born January 5, 1766; married Edward Payne.
         43.       ii.    Sarah HOWARD was born circa 1770. She died on October 2, 1822 in Fayette Co., KY.
+      44.     iii.    Mary HOWARD, born circa 1770; married Alexander Parker.
         45.      iv.    Benjamin HOWARD was born circa 1775. He married Mary Thomson Mason on February 14, 1811 in Loudoun Co., VA. He died on September 18, 1814 in St. Louis, MO.
+      46.       v.    Margaret Preston HOWARD, born 1778; married Robert Wickliffe.
 
 
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Generation Three
 
8.  Elizabeth BROWN (Margaret2Preston, John1) was born on December 4, 1755. She married Rev. Thomas Brown Craighead circa 1780. She died in 1829.
     Rev. Thomas Brown CRAIGHEAD was born in 1753 in Augusta Co., VA. He died on September 11, 1824 in Davidson Co., TN.
     Children of Elizabeth Brown and Rev. Thomas Brown Craighead were as follows:
         47.        i.    John Brown CRAIGHEAD, born circa 1782 in VA; married Jane Ewin; married Lavinia Robertson.
         48.       ii.    William Brown CRAIGHEAD was born in 1783 in Haysboro, TN. He died in 1848 in Knoxville, TN.
         49.     iii.    Jane CRAIGHEAD was born in 1787 in Nashville, TN.
         50.      iv.    David CRAIGHEAD, born 1790 in Nashville, TN; married Mary Hunt Macon.
         51.       v.    Alexander CRAIGHEAD was born in 1792 in Nashville, TN. He died on January 14, 1827 in Sparta, TN.
         52.      vi.    James Brown CRAIGHEAD was born in 1795 in Haysboro, TN. He married Jane Preston, daughter of John Preston and Margaret Brown Preston, on December 27, 1846. He died in 1860.
         53.    vii.    Thomas Brown CRAIGHEAD was born in 1798 in Haysboro, TN. He died in 1862 after he was forced from his home during the bombardment of Fort Pillow and contracted pneumonia which led to his death.
     He was in the Arkansas Senate after 1854 from Crittendon and Mississippi Counties and fought the formation of a new county which was named Craighead Co. in 1859 to embarrass him.
 
 
9.  John BROWN (Margaret2Preston, John1) was born on September 12, 1757 in Staunton, VA. He married Margaretta Mason on February 21, 1799. He died on August 29, 1837 in Frankfort, KY, at age 79.
     John was in the Virginia Senate between 1784 and 1788 representing the western counties. He was a U. S. Senator from Kentucky between 1792 and 1805 and president pro tempore of the Senate in 1803-1804.
     Margaretta MASON; daughter of Rev. John and Catharine (Van Wyck) Mason was born on November 12, 1772 in New York, NY. She died on May 28, 1838 in Frankfort, KY, at age 65. She established the first Sunday School west of the Allegheny Mountains in 1810.
     Children of John Brown and Margaretta Mason were as follows:
+      54.        i.    Mason BROWN, born November 10, 1799 in Philadelphia, PA; married Judith Ann Bledsoe; married Mary Yoder.
         55.       ii.    Orlando BROWN was born on September 26, 1801 in Frankfort, KY. He married Mary Watts Brown, daughter of Preston W. Brown and Elizabeth Watts, on July 29, 1830 in Frankfort, KY. Orlando married Mary Cordelia Upshaw Price on October 12, 1852 in Frankfort, KY. He died on July 26, 1867 in Frankfort, KY, at age 65.
         56.     iii.    Alfred BROWN was born on February 23, 1803. He died on January 29, 1804.
         57.      iv.    Alfred BROWN was born on May 9, 1804. He died on July 30, 1804.
         58.       v.    Euphemia Helen BROWN was born on May 24, 1807. She died on October 1, 1814 at age 7.
 
 
13.  Mary BROWN (Margaret2Preston, John1) was born on July 14, 1763. She married Dr. Alexander Humphreys on April 8, 1788. She died on January 28, 1836 in South Frankfort, KY, at age 72.
     Dr. Alexander HUMPHREYS was born in 1757 in Armagh Co., Ireland. He died on May 23, 1802 in Staunton, VA. He lived in 1787 in Staunton, VA.
     Children of Mary Brown and Dr. Alexander Humphreys were as follows:
         59.        i.    Margaret HUMPHREYS, born 1790; married Charles Sproule.
         60.       ii.    James B. HUMPHREYS was born in 1794. He died on December 10, 1819.
         61.     iii.    John Brown HUMPHREYS was born circa 1795. He married Martha Kenner circa 1825. He died on July 30, 1835 in Lexington, KY.
         62.      iv.    David Carlyle HUMPHREYS, born October 15, 1796 in Staunton, VA; married Sarah Finley Scott.
         63.       v.    Samuel P. HUMPHREYS was born in 1798. He died in 1824.
+      64.      vi.    Elizabeth L. HUMPHREYS, born January, 1800 in Staunton, VA; married Robert Smith Todd.
         65.    vii.    Alexander HUMPHREYS, born 1801; married Emilie Perret.
 
 
15.  Samuel BROWN (Margaret2Preston, John1) was born on January 30, 1769 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He married Catherine Percy on September 27, 1808. He died on January 12, 1830 in Madison Co., AL, at age 60.
     Catherine PERCY, daughter of Charles and Susannah (Collins) Percy, was born circa 1770 in Wilkinson Co., MS. She died in 1813.
     Children of Samuel Brown and Catherine Percy were as follows:
+      66.        i.    James Percy BROWN, born circa 1810; married Lizinka Campbell.
         67.       ii.    Susan Catherine BROWN was born circa 1810. She married Charles Ingersoll on November 24, 1831 in Philadelphia, PA.
 
 
20.  John BRECKINRIDGE (Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on December 2, 1760 in Staunton, Va. He married Mary Hopkins Cabell on June 28, 1785 in Buckingham Co., VA. He died on December 14, 1806 in Cabell’s Dale, Fayette Co., KY, at age 46.
     John was in the Virginia House of Delegates between 1781 and 1784, first from Botetourt Co., VA and in 1794 from Montgomery Co., VA. He was appointed Attorney General of Kentucky in 1795. John was in the Kentucky House of Representatives from Fayette Co., KY between 1798 and 1800 and was Speaker of the House in 1799. He was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1801 which he resigned in 1805 to become Attorney General of the U. S. Breckinridge Co., KY was named for John Breckinridge.
     Mary Hopkins CABELL, daughter of Col. Joseph and Mary (Hopkins) Cabell, was born on February 22, 1769. She died on March 26, 1858 in Louisville, KY, at age 89.
     Children of John Breckinridge and Mary Hopkins Cabell were as follows:
+      79.        i.    Letitia Preston BRECKINRIDGE, born June 22, 1786 in “The Glebe”, Albemarle Co., VA; married Alfred William Grayson; married Peter Buel Porter.
+      80.       ii.    Joseph Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born July 24, 1788 in “The Glebe”, Albemarle Co., VA; married Mary Clay Smith.
         81.     iii.    Mary Hopkins BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1789 in “The Glebe”, Albemarle Co., VA. She died in infancy.
         82.      iv.    Robert H. BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1792 in “The Glebe”, Albermarle Co., VA. He died in infancy.
         83.       v.    Mary Anne BRECKINRIDGE, born 1795; married David Castleman.
+      84.      vi.    John BRECKINRIDGE, born July 4, 1797 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Margaret Miller; married Mary Ann Babcock.
+      85.    vii.    Robert Jefferson BRECKINRIDGE, born March 8, 1800 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Ann Sophonisba Preston; married Virginia H. Hart; married Margaret Faulkner.
+      86.    viii.    William Lewis BRECKINRIDGE, born July 22, 1803 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Frances Caroline Prevost; married Sarah Ann Tompkins.
         87.      ix.    James Monroe BRECKINRIDGE was born on July 11, 1806. He died on April 19, 1820 in Woodford Co., KY, at age 13.
 
 
21.  James BRECKINRIDGE (Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on March 7, 1763 in Botetourt County, Va. He married Ann Selden on January 1, 1791 in Richmond, VA. He died on May 13, 1833 in Grove Hill, Botetourt Co., VA, at age 70.
     James began military service in 1781 as a private in a corps of riflemen from Botetourt Co., VA, a unit commanded by his uncle Col. William Preston, and served in the campaign by Nathanael Greene in NC. He was in the Virginia House of Delegates between 1789 and 1790 from Botetourt Co., VA and also served in 1796 and from 1797-1802. James was a candidate for Governor of Virginia in 1799 but was not elected. He was a member of the U. S. Congress between 1809 and 1817. James was commissioned Brigadier General of the VA militia on February 1, 1809 and served during the War of 1812 from Aug 31, 1812 to Nov 30, 1814. He attended the meeting in 1818 to select a site for the University of Virginia and was a member of the Board of Visitors from 1819-1833.
     Ann SELDEN, daughter of Col. Cary and Elizabeth (Jennings) Selden, was born circa 1765 in Buckroe, Hampton, VA. She died on March 17, 1843 in Fincastle, VA.
     Children of James Breckinridge and Ann Selden were as follows:
         88.        i.    Letitia BRECKINRIDGE, born October 26, 1791 in Fincastle, VA; married Robert Gamble Jr.
+      89.       ii.    Elizabeth BRECKINRIDGE, born March 31, 1794 in Fincastle, VA; married Edward Watts.
         90.     iii.    Cary BRECKINRIDGE, born February 13, 1796 in “Grove Hill”, Botetourt Co., VA; married Emma Walker Gilmer.
         91.      iv.    Mary Ann BRECKINRIDGE was born on March 12, 1797. She died on August 13, 1830 at age 33.
         92.       v.    Matilda BRECKINRIDGE, born April 15, 1799; married Henry Winston Bowyer.
         93.      vi.    James BRECKINRIDGE was born on January 20, 1801. He died in July, 1824 at age 23.
         94.    vii.    Robert BRECKINRIDGE, born May 12, 1802; married Mary Cabell Meredith.
         95.    viii.    John BRECKINRIDGE was born on October 28, 1803. He died on August 28, 1805 at age 1.
         96.      ix.    Wilson Selden BRECKINRIDGE was born on February 14, 1805. He died on June 1, 1805.
         97.       x.    John Selden BRECKINRIDGE was born on August 28, 1809. He died on May 5, 1844 at age 34.
 
 
26.  John PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on May 24, 1764 in Greenfield Plantation, Botetourt Co., VA. He married Mary Radford on June 11, 1798. He married Eliza Ann Carrington on March 30, 1811. He died on March 27, 1827 in Greenfield, Fincastle, VA, at age 62.
     John was a member of the Virginia Senate between 1792 and 1799.
     Mary RADFORD, daughter of William and Rebecca (Winston) Radford, was born circa 1765. She died on March 26, 1810.
     Children of John Preston and Mary Radford were as follows:
       111.        i.    William Radford Washington PRESTON was born on June 8, 1799. He married Elizabeth A. Cabell on December 23, 1819 in Lynchburg, VA. He died in 1846 in St. Charles Co., MO.
     William lived on July 15, 1824 in Botetourt Co., VA when his father conveyed to him 760 acres of the “Greenfield” estate along with 8 slaves. He lived in 1837 in St. Charles Co., MO.
       112.       ii.    John Breckinridge PRESTON was born circa 1800. He married Susan F. Jordan in February 1825 in Barren Co., KY. He died in 1833 in Barren Co., KY.
+     113.     iii.    Elizabeth Madison PRESTON, born circa 1803; married Charles Clement Johnston.
       114.      iv.    Susanna Smith PRESTON, born circa 1805 in Montgomery Co., VA; married William Moseley Radford.
       115.       v.    Sarah Radford PRESTON was born on August 11, 1806. She married Henry Morton Bowyer in September, 1827 in Botetourt Co., VA. She died on May 17, 1848 at age 41.
     Eliza Ann CARRINGTON, daughter of George and Margaret (Bernard) Carrington, and the widow of George Mayo of Cumberland Co., VA, was born in 1768. She died in 1839.
     Children of John Preston and Eliza Ann Carrington were:
       116.        i.    Edward Carrington PRESTON was born in 1812. He died on October 15, 1836 in Opelousas, LA.
 
 
27.  Francis PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on August 2, 1765 in Greenfield, Botetourt Co., VA. He married Sarah Buchanan Campbell on January 10, 1793 in The Stone House, Botetourt Co., VA. He died on May 26, 1835 in Columbia, SC, at age 69.
     Francis was a member of the Virginia Senate, General of Militia and Member of Congress.
     Children of Francis Preston include:
       117.        i.    Isaac Trimble PRESTON was born in 1793 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He married Catherine Lawn Layton on November 20, 1828 in New Orleans, LA. Isaac married Margaret Newman Hewes on January 1, 1845. He died on July 6, 1852.
     Sarah Buchanan CAMPBELL, daughter of Gen. William and Elizabeth (Henry) Campbell, was born on April 22, 1778 in Aspenvale, Smyth Co., VA. She died on July 23, 1846 in Abingdon, VA, at age 68.
     Children of Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell were as follows:
       118.        i.    William Campbell PRESTON, born December 27, 1794 in Philadelphia, PA; married Maria Eliza Coalter; married Louisa Penelope Davis.
       119.       ii.    Eliza Henry PRESTON was born on August 11, 1796 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She married Edward C. Carrington on May 16, 1820 in Abingdon, VA.
       120.     iii.    Francis Smith PRESTON was born on June 21, 1798 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. He died on March 21, 1801 at age 2.
+     121.      iv.    Susan Smith PRESTON, born March 5, 1800 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA; married James McDowell.
       122.       v.    Sarah Buchanan PRESTON was born on February 14, 1802 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She married John Buchanan Floyd, son of John Floyd and Letitia Preston, on June 1, 1830 in Washington Co., VA. She died on May 7, 1879 in Abingdon, VA, at age 77.
       123.      vi.    Ann Sophonisba PRESTON, born April 9, 1803 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA; married Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (#85). See #85 for this family.
       124.    vii.    Jane Robertson PRESTON was born on June 30, 1804 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She died in August, 1804.
       125.    viii.    Maria Thornton Carter PRESTON was born on December 12, 1805 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She married John Montgomery Preston on September 20, 1837 in Washington Co., VA. She died on October 18, 1842 in Abingdon, VA, at age 36.
       126.      ix.    Charles Henry Campbell PRESTON was born on September 13, 1807 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. He married Mary S. Beale in January, 1829 in Botetourt Co., VA. He died on January 13, 1832 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA, at age 24.
       127.       x.    John Smith PRESTON was born on April 20, 1809 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. He married Caroline Martha Hampton on April 28, 1830 in Columbia, SC. He died on May 1, 1881 in Columbia, SC, at age 72.
     John lived in 1840 in Columbia, SC. He was commissioned assistant adjutant general with rank of lieutenant colonel on August 13, 1861.  In July 1863 he became superintendent of the Bureau of Conscription in Richmond and was first promoted to colonel on Apr 23, 1863 and then Brigadier General on June 10, 1864.
       128.      xi.    James Madison PRESTON was born on May 18, 1811 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. He died on January 22, 1812.
       129.    xii.    Thomas Lewis PRESTON was born on November 20, 1812 in Abingdon, VA. He married Elizabeth Breckinridge Watts, daughter of Edward Watts and Elizabeth Breckinridge, on September 18, 1842 in Roanoke Co., VA. He married Anna Maria Saunders on August 31, 1846 in Campbell Co., VA. He died on March 20, 1903 in “Wyndhurst”, Albemarle Co., VA, at age 90.
       130.    xiii.    Robert Gamble PRESTON was born on October 9, 1815 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. He died on December 18, 1815.
+     131.   xiv.    Margaret Buchanan Frances PRESTON, born January 13, 1818 in Abingdon, VA; married Wade Hampton III.
 
 
28.  Sarah PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on May 3, 1767 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA. She married Col. James McDowell in February, 1792 in Montgomery Co., VA. She died on July 3, 1841 at age 74.
     Col. James MCDOWELL, son of James and Elizabeth (Cloyd) McDowell, was born on August 1, 1770 in “Cherry Grove”, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on September 15, 1835 at age 65.
     Children of Sarah Preston and Col. James McDowell were as follows:
       132.        i.    Susan Preston MCDOWELL, born February, 1793; married William Taylor.
+     133.       ii.    Elizabeth Preston MCDOWELL, born July 8, 1794 in Rockbridge Co., VA; married Thomas Hart Benton.
       134.     iii.    James MCDOWELL, born October 13, 1795 in “Cherry Grove”, Rockbridge Co., VA; married Susan Smith Preston (#121).  See #121 for this family.
 
 
29.  William PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on September 5, 1770 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA. He married Caroline Hancock on March 28, 1802 in Botetourt Co., VA. He died on January 24, 1821 in Montgomery Co., VA, at age 50.
     Caroline HANCOCK, daughter of George and Margaret (Strother) Hancock, was born on March 26, 1785 in Fincastle, VA. She died on December 20, 1847 in Louisville, KY, at age 62.
     Children of William Preston and Caroline Hancock were as follows:
+     135.        i.    Henrietta PRESTON, born February 23, 1803 in “Santillane”, Fincastle, VA; married Gen. Albert S. Johnston.
       136.       ii.    Maria PRESTON was born on September 7, 1804 in Fincastle, VA. She married John Pope on June 3, 1824 in Louisville, KY. She died on April 15, 1895 in Louisville, KY, at age 90.
       137.     iii.    Caroline Letitia PRESTON was born on November 21, 1806 in “Santillane”, Fincastle, VA. She married Abram R. Woolley on September 13, 1827 in “Solitude”, Jefferson Co., KY. She died on March 18, 1840 in New Orleans, LA, at age 33.
       138.      iv.    Josephine PRESTON, born December 25, 1809 in “Robinson’s Tract”, Wythe Co., VA; married Jason Rogers.
       139.       v.    Julia Clark PRESTON was born on February 18, 1811 in “Robinson’s Tract”, Wythe Co., VA. She died in infancy.
       140.      vi.    Hancock PRESTON was born on May 29, 1813 in “Fotheringay”, Montgomery Co., VA. He died in 1827 in a “fall from a vicious horse.”
+     141.    vii.    Gen. William PRESTON, born October 15, 1816 in “Preston Lodge”, Jefferson Co., KY; married Margaret Preston Wickliffe.
       142.    viii.    Susan Marshall PRESTON was born on July 21, 1819 in “Middletown Farm”, Jefferson Co., KY. She married Howard Ferrar Christy on March 24, 1842 in Jefferson Co., KY. Susan married Hiatt Park Hepburn in 1860. She died on October 5, 1897 in Louisville, KY, at age 78.
     Susan was president of the Confederate Women’s Association of Louisville from its beginning until her death after 1865 in Louisville, KY. She helped establish the Masonic Widows and Orphans’ Home in 1869 in Louisville, KY.
 
 
30.  Susanna PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on October 7, 1772 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA. She married Nathaniel Hart Jr. on August 26, 1797 in Montgomery Co., VA. She died on June 21, 1833 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY, at age 60.
     Nathaniel HART Jr., son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Simpson) Hart, was born on September 30, 1770 in Caswell Co., NC. He died on February 7, 1844 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY, at age 73.
     Children of Susanna Preston and Nathaniel Hart Jr. were as follows:
       143.        i.    Sarah Simpson HART, born June 8, 1800; married George Claiborne Thompson.
       144.       ii.    Letitia Preston HART, born March 15, 1802; married Arthur Hooe Wallace.
+     145.     iii.    Louisiana Breckinridge HART, born December 4, 1803 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY; married Tobias Gibson.
       146.      iv.    Nathaniel HART was born on April 27, 1805. He died in 1854.
     Nathaniel was a farmer in Woodford Co., KY.
       147.       v.    William Preston HART was born on July 25, 1807. He died in 1868.
+     148.      vi.    Virginia H. HART, born June 14, 1809; married Alfred Shelby.
       149.    vii.    Mary Howard HART, born July 17, 1814; married William Voorhies.
 
 
31.  James Patton PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on June 21, 1774 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Ann Barraud Taylor on June 23, 1801 in Norfolk, VA. He died on May 4, 1843 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA, at age 68.
     James was elected to the State Senate of Virginia in 1802. He was elected on December 10, 1816 the 13th Governor of Virginia by the General Assembly and served until Jan. 25, 1819.
     Ann Barraud TAYLOR, daughter of Judge Robert and Sarah Curle (Barraud) Taylor, was born on March 29, 1778 in Smithfield, Isle of Wight Co., VA. She died on June 8, 1861 at age 83.
     Children of James Patton Preston and Ann Barraud Taylor were as follows:
       150.        i.    Sarah Barraud PRESTON was born on May 26, 1804 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on August 30, 1804.
       151.       ii.    William Ballard PRESTON was born on November 29, 1805 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Lucinda Staples Redd on November 21, 1839 in Patrick C. H., VA. He died on November 16, 1862 in Montgomery Co., VA, at age 56.
       152.     iii.    Robert Taylor PRESTON, born May 26, 1809 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married Mary Hart.
       153.      iv.    James Francis PRESTON was born on November 8, 1813 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Sarah Ann Caperton on January 18, 1855 in “Elmwood”, Union, WV. He died on January 20, 1862 in “White Thorn”, Montgomery Co., VA, at age 48 of a disease contracted in service.
     James assumed command of the 4th VA INF of the Stonewall Brigade on April 26, 1861 and was wounded on July 21, 1861 at First Manassas.
       154.       v.    Virginia Ann PRESTON was born on December 10, 1816 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on February 18, 1833 in Montgomery Co., VA, at age 16.
       155.      vi.    Susan Edmonia PRESTON was born on October 19, 1818. She died young.
       156.    vii.    Catherine Jane Grace PRESTON was born on February 1, 1821 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on January 31, 1852 at age 30.
       157.    viii.    Susan PRESTON was born in 1825. She died on April 2, 1835 in Lexington, KY.
 
 
32.  Mary PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on September 29, 1776 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She married Maj. John Lewis on November 8, 1793 in Montgomery Co., VA. She died on February 4, 1824 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 47.
     Maj. John LEWIS, son of William and Ann (Montgomery) Lewis and nephew of Gen. Andrew Lewis, was born on August 24, 1758 in Augusta Co., VA. He married Jane Sophonisba Thomson on July 24, 1788. He died on June 4, 1823 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 64.
     Children of Mary Preston and Maj. John Lewis were as follows:
       158.        i.    Susannah Preston LEWIS, born August 21, 1794 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married Henry Massie.
       159.       ii.    Mary Sophia LEWIS, born October 18, 1796 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA; married James Littlepage Woodville.
+     160.     iii.    William Lynn LEWIS, born March 24, 1799 in “The Cove”, Monroe Co., WV; married Ann E. Stuart; married Harriet D. Thomson; married Letitia Preston Floyd.
       161.      iv.    John LEWIS was born on January 23, 1801 in the Cove, Monroe Co., VA. He died on January 15, 1805 at age 3.
+     162.       v.    Ann Montgomery LEWIS, born March 3, 1803 in “The Cove”, Monroe Co., WV; married John Howson Peyton.
       163.      vi.    Sarah LEWIS was born on February 20, 1806 in the Cove, Monroe Co., VA. She married Col. John Lewis on January 3, 1841 in Charlottesville, VA. She died on June 26, 1869 in Charlottesville, VA, at age 63.
       164.    vii.    Margaret Lynn LEWIS was born on February 10, 1808 in “Mary Vile”, Sweet Springs, WV. She married John Cochran on September 28, 1826 in Augusta Co., VA. She died in 1875.
       165.    viii.    John Benjamin LEWIS was born on March 8, 1810 in “Mary Vile”, Sweet Springs, WV. He married Caroline Sophia Rebecca Thomson on May 26, 1831. He died in 1853.
       166.      ix.    Thomas Preston LEWIS was born on July 2, 1812 in Sweet Springs, WV. He died in 1877 in Augusta Co., VA.
       167.       x.    Pollydora Eugenia LEWIS was born on June 4, 1817 in “Mary Vile”, Sweet Springs, WV. She married John Walker Goss on January 14, 1839. She died on April 16, 1871 in Albemarle Co., VA, at age 53.
 
 
33.  Letitia PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on September 29, 1779 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She married John Floyd, son of Col. John Floyd and Jane Buchanan, on May 13, 1804 in Franklin Co., KY. She died on December 13, 1852 in Burkes Garden, VA, at age 73.
     John FLOYD, son of John and Jane (Buchanan) Floyd, was born on April 24, 1783 in Floyd Station, Jefferson Co., KY. He died on August 16, 1837 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 54. John served in the U. S. Congress between 1817 and 1829. He was Governor of Virginia between January 9, 1830 and 1834.
     Children of Letitia Preston and John Floyd were as follows:
       168.        i.    John Buchanan FLOYD was born on June 1, 1806 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Sarah Buchanan Preston, daughter of Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell, on June 1, 1830 in Washington Co., VA. He died on August 26, 1863 in Abingdon, VA, at age 57 from exposure during active duty in the military.
     John was elected on January 1, 1849 Governor of Virginia for a three year term. He was Secretary of War between 1857 and 1860 for president James Buchanan but resigned when Buchanan refused to order Maj. Robert Anderson to move his command back from Fort Sumter to Fort Moultrie. John was appointed Col. of Volunteers in the Provisional Army of Virginia on May 17, 1861 and then appointed Brigadier General on May 23, 1861 in Confederate Army.  He was in command in western Virginia before being sent to reinforce Albert Sidney Johnston who sent him to Fort Donelson.  John withdrew his forces from Donelson leaving Gen. Simon Buckner in charge and President Jefferson Davis removed him from his command.  Two months later he was appointed Major General by the Virginia Assembly.
       169.       ii.    George Rogers Clark FLOYD was born on November 20, 1807 in Montgomery Co., VA. He died on August 14, 1808 in Christiansburg, VA.
       170.     iii.    William Preston FLOYD, born January 15, 1809 in Christiansburg, VA; married Frances Gilman.
       171.      iv.    George Rogers Clark FLOYD was born on September 13, 1810 in Christiansburg, VA. He married Ellen Mead circa 1845. He died circa 1896.
       172.       v.    Benjamin Rush FLOYD was born on December 10, 1811 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Nancy S. Mathews on May 7, 1838 in Wythe Co., VA. He died on February 15, 1860 in Washington, D. C, at age 48.
       173.      vi.    Letitia Preston FLOYD was born on March 13, 1814 in Blacksburg, VA. She married William Lynn Lewis, son of Maj. John Lewis and Mary Preston, on March 13, 1837 in New Orleans, LA. She died on February 16, 1887 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 72.
       174.    vii.    Eliza Lavalette FLOYD was born on December 16, 1816 in “Thorn Spring”, Montgomery Co., VA. She married George Frederick Holmes on February 3, 1845 in Orangeburg, SC. She died on September 12, 1887 at age 70.
       175.    viii.    Nickette Buchanan FLOYD was born on June 6, 1819 in “Thorn Spring”, Montgomery Co., VA. She married John Warfield Johnston in October, 1841 in Tazewell Co., VA. She died on June 9, 1908 in Richmond, VA, at age 89.
       176.      ix.    Coraly Patton FLOYD was born on January 26, 1822 in Thorn Spring, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on July 14, 1833 at age 11.
       177.       x.    Thomas Lewis FLOYD was born on August 16, 1824 in Thorn Spring, Montgomery Co., VA. He died on September 4, 1824.
       178.      xi.    Mary Lewis Mourning FLOYD was born on March 10, 1827 in Thorn Spring, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on July 26, 1833 at age 6.
 
 
34.  Thomas Lewis PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on August 19, 1781 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. He married Edmonia Madison Randolph, daughter of Gov. Edmund Jennings Randolph and Elizabeth Carter Nicholas, on June 12, 1806 in Richmond, VA. He died on August 11, 1812 in Lexington, VA, at age 30.
     Thomas was in the Virginia House of Delegates from Rockbridge Co., VA between 1806 and 1811.
     Edmonia Madison RANDOLPH was born on April 17, 1787. She died on October 1, 1847 in Lexington, VA, at age 60.
     Children of Thomas Lewis Preston and Edmonia Madison Randolph were as follows:
+     179.        i.    Elizabeth Randolph PRESTON, born December 4, 1808 in Lexington, VA; married William Armistead Cocke.
+     180.       ii.    John Thomas Lewis PRESTON, born April 25, 1811 in Lexington, VA; married Sarah Lyle Caruthers; married Margaret Junkin.
 
 
35.  Margaret “Peggy” Brown PRESTON (William2, John1) was born on February 23, 1784 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She married John Preston on October 5, 1802 in “Smithfield”, Montgomery Co., VA. She died on May 4, 1843 at age 59.
     John PRESTON, son of Robert and Margaret (Rhea) Preston, was born on July 8, 1781. He died on October 10, 1864 at age 83.
     Children of Margaret Brown Preston and John Preston were as follows:
       181.        i.    Susanna Smith PRESTON was born on July 17, 1803. She married Joseph Campbell Rhea on January 21, 1824 in Washington Co., VA. She died in 1828.
       182.       ii.    Robert Fairman PRESTON was born on December 5, 1804. He married Sarah Marshall on December 5, 1827. He died on July 7, 1889 at age 84.
       183.     iii.    Thomas White PRESTON was born on August 13, 1806. He married Mary Jane Craighead, daughter of David Craighead and Mary Hunt Macon, on June 19, 1845 in Davidson Co., TN. Thomas married Susan Booker Maguire in September, 1852 in Maury Co., TN. He died on April 6, 1862 in Shiloh, TN, at age 55, killed in action at the battle of Shiloh serving on the staff of Gen. A. P. Stewart.
+     184.      iv.    Margaret Rhea PRESTON, born August 26, 1806 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA; married James Lowry White.
       185.       v.    William Alfred PRESTON was born on May 21, 1808. He married Martha E. Wylie on September 15, 1828. He married Elizabeth Radford, daughter of William Moseley Radford and Susanna Smith Preston, on March 30, 1857 in Botetourt Co., VA. He died on May 20, 1862 in Washington Co., VA, at age 53.
       186.      vi.    John PRESTON was born on February 10, 1811. He married Mary Howard Wickliffe, daughter of Robert Wickliffe and Margaret Preston Howard, on January 15, 1852 in Fayette Co., KY. He died in 1882.
       187.    vii.    Eleanor Fairman PRESTON was born on November 7, 1812 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married James White Sheffey on September 29, 1835 in Washington Co., VA. She died on January 10, 1887 in Marion, VA, at age 74.
       188.    viii.    Elizabeth Madison PRESTON was born on August 26, 1814.
     She never married and lived with her father at “Walnut Grove.”
       189.      ix.    Walter Eugene PRESTON was born on January 28, 1818. He married Frances Hayes circa 1840. He died on April 23, 1866 at age 48.
       190.       x.    Francis PRESTON was born on March 26, 1822. He married Martha Virginia Moffett on April 3, 1851 in Waverly, Loudoun Co., VA. Francis married Martha Powell Fulton on July 20, 1876 in Smyth Co., VA. He died on January 13, 1892 at age 69.
       191.      xi.    James Tecumseh PRESTON was born on April 1, 1824. He married Frances Rhea in August, 1850. He died on December 3, 1883 at age 59.
       192.    xii.    Joseph PRESTON was born on May 1, 1826. He died young.
+     193.    xiii.    Henry PRESTON, born November 20, 1828 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA; married Anne Cary Carter.
       194.   xiv.    Jane PRESTON was born on June 26, 1830. She married James Brown Craighead, son of Rev. Thomas Brown Craighead and Elizabeth Brown, on December 27, 1846.
 
 
36.  Elizabeth SMITH (Ann2Preston, John1) was born on October 16, 1762. She married James Blair on January 2, 1789. She died on September 18, 1818 at age 55.
     James BLAIR, son of the Rev. John and Elizabeth (Durbarrow) Blair, was born on December 22, 1762 in Fagg’s Manor, Chester Co., PA. He died on January 7, 1837 at age 74. He was Attorney General of KY between November 30, 1797 and 1820.
     Children of Elizabeth Smith and James Blair were as follows:
       195.        i.    John Smith BLAIR was born on November 12, 1789. He died in August 1790.
+     196.       ii.    Francis Preston BLAIR, born April 12, 1791 in Abingdon, VA; married Eliza Violet Gist.
       197.     iii.    Samuel Durbarrow BLAIR was born on January 6, 1794. He died in 1795.
       198.      iv.    William Preston Smith BLAIR, born February 18, 1796 in Frankfort, KY; married Hannah Craig.
       199.       v.    Susanna Trigg BLAIR, born June 9, 1798; married Abram Ward; married John Hunnicutt; married Job Stevenson.
       200.      vi.    Louis BLAIR was born on July 28, 1801. He died on September 5, 1805 at age 4.
       201.    vii.    Eliza Jane BLAIR was born on March 15, 1804. She married Nathan Speer circa 1835. She died on August 9, 1859 in Memphis, TN, at age 55.
 
 
39.  Jane SMITH (Ann2Preston, John1) was born in 1777 in Botetourt Co., VA. She married George Madison in February, 1796 in Franklin Co., KY. She died on April 4, 1811 in Frankfort, KY.
     George MADISON, son of John and Agatha (Strother) Madison, was born in 1763 in Augusta Co., VA. He died on October 14, 1816 in Paris, KY. In 1784, George inherited 2000 acres in KY and moved to Fayette Co., KY.
     Children of Jane Smith and George Madison were as follows:
       210.        i.    George MADISON was born after 1797. He died in October 1831 in Franklin Co., KY.
       211.       ii.    Agatha MADISON was born after 1797. She died on June 6, 1819 in Woodford Co., KY.
       212.     iii.    William MADISON was born after 1797. He died young.
+     213.      iv.    Myra L. MADISON, born circa 1803; married Andrew Jonathan Alexander.
 
 
41.  Agatha SMITH (Ann2Preston, John1) was born in 1780 in Botetourt Co., VA. She married Louis Marshall in May 1800 in Frankfort Co., KY. She died in May, 1844 in Woodford Co., KY.
     Louis MARSHALL, son of Col. Thomas and Mary Randolph (Keith) Marshall, was born on October 7, 1773 in “Oak Hill”, Fauquier Co., VA. He died in April, 1866 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY, at age 92.
     Children of Agatha Smith and Louis Marshall were as follows:
       214.        i.    Thomas Francis MARSHALL was born on June 7, 1801 in Frankfort, KY. He married Elizabeth Yost on April 1, 1852 in Versailles, KY. He died on September 22, 1864 in Woodford Co., KY, at age 63.
     Thomas was in the United States Congress between 1841 and 1843.
+     215.       ii.    Judge William Louis MARSHALL, born September 26, 1803 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY; married Ann Kinloch Lee.
       216.     iii.    Charles Fleming MARSHALL was born in 1806. He died in 1830.
       217.      iv.    Alexander Keith MARSHALL was born on February 11, 1808 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY. He married Eliza Gillespie in November, 1829. He married Lucy N. McDowell on February 5, 1832. He died on April 28, 1884 in Fayette Co., KY, at age 76.
     Alexander was in Congress, a member of the American Party, between 1855 and 1857.
       218.       v.    Edward MARSHALL was born circa 1809. He died in April 1820.
       219.      vi.    John Campbell MARSHALL was born on January 20, 1810 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY. He married Rebecca Wood circa 1845. He died on April 20, 1895 at age 85.
     He lived with his father until 1857 then moved to a farm near Independence, MO.
       220.    vii.    Agatha Madison MARSHALL was born on July 1, 1818 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY. She married Caleb Wallace Logan on October 24, 1843 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY. She died on July 18, 1858 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY, at age 40.
       221.    viii.    Edward Colston MARSHALL was born on June 15, 1821 in Woodford Co., KY. He married Josephine Chalfant in 1852. He died on July 9, 1893 in San Francisco, CA, at age 72.
 
 
44.  Mary HOWARD (Mary2Preston, John1) was born circa 1770. She married Alexander Parker circa 1790.
     Alexander PARKER was born circa 1770. He died in 1830 in Frankfort, KY.
     Children of Mary Howard and Alexander Parker were as follows:
+     230.        i.    Mary Wilson PARKER, born October 7, 1792 in Lexington, KY; married Thomas Turpin Crittenden.
       231.       ii.    Richard B. PARKER was born on July 27, 1794. He married Eliza Rice on December 20, 1833 in Fayette Co., KY. He died on June 20, 1876 at age 81.
 
 
46.  Margaret Preston HOWARD (Mary2Preston, John1) was born in 1778. She married Robert Wickliffe on May 1, 1804 in Fayette Co., KY. She died on February 23, 1825.
     Robert WICKLIFFE, son of Charles and Lydia (Hardin) Wickliffe, was born on January 16, 1775 in Redstone, PA. He died on September 1, 1859 in Lexington, KY, at age 84.
     Children of Margaret Preston Howard and Robert Wickliffe were as follows:
       232.        i.    Sarah Howard WICKLIFFE was born on December 28, 1806. She married Aaron Kitchell Woolley on October 9, 1827 in Lexington, KY. She died on July 29, 1873 in Lexington, KY, at age 66.
       233.       ii.    Charles WICKLIFFE was born in 1808. He died on October 9, 1829 in Lexington, KY when he was shot in a duel.
       234.     iii.    John H. WICKLIFFE was born in 1810. He died on April 30, 1838 and was a resident of Bourbon Co., KY at his death.
       235.      iv.    Benjamin Howard WICKLIFFE was born on June 20, 1814. He died on May 30, 1838 in New York, NY, at age 23.
       236.       v.    Robert WICKLIFFE was born in 1815. He married Johanna Josephine Van Houtum on April 7, 1846 in Turin, Sardinia. He died on August 29, 1850 in Lexington, KY.
+     237.      vi.    Margaret Preston WICKLIFFE, born March 25, 1819; married Gen. William Preston (#141).  See #141 for more on this family.
       238.    vii.    Mary Howard WICKLIFFE was born circa 1822. She married John Preston, son of John Preston and Margaret Brown Preston, on January 15, 1852 in Fayette Co., KY. She died on November 17, 1892 in Louisville, KY.
 
 
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Generation Four
 
54.  Mason BROWN (John3, Margaret2Preston, John1) was born on November 10, 1799 in Philadelphia, PA. He married Judith Ann Bledsoe on March 10, 1825 in Fayette Co., VA. He married Mary Yoder on December 8, 1835 in Spencer Co., KY. He died on January 27, 1867 in Frankfort, KY, at age 67.
     Judith Ann BLEDSOE, daughter of Jesse and Sarah Howard (Gist) Bledsoe, was born in 1803. She died on August 28, 1827 in Lexington, KY.
     Children of Mason Brown and Judith Ann Bledsoe were:
       246.        i.    Benjamin Gratz BROWN was born on March 28, 1826 in Lexington, KY. He died on December 13, 1885 in St. Louis, MO, at age 59.
     Benjamin a United States Senator from Missouri between 1863 and 1869. He was a candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Horace Greeley ticket in 1872.
     Mary YODER, daughter of Capt. Jacob and Mary (Mossman) Yoder, was born on January 26, 1810. She died on March 15, 1881 at age 71.
     Children of Mason Brown and Mary Yoder were as follows:
       247.        i.    John Mason BROWN was born on April 26, 1837 in “Liberty Hall”, Frankfort, KY. He married Mary Owen Preston, daughter of Gen. William Preston and Margaret Preston Wickliffe, on November 25, 1869 in Lexington, KY. He died on January 29, 1890 in Louisville, KY, at age 52.
       248.       ii.    Margaretta BROWN was born on February 17, 1839. She died on December 4, 1920 in Frankfort, KY, at age 81.
       249.     iii.    Mary Yoder BROWN was born on February 28, 1841. She died on January 20, 1916 at age 74.
       250.      iv.    Yoder BROWN was born on April 3, 1843. He died on July 19, 1882 at age 39.
       251.       v.    Knox BROWN was born on December 11, 1845.
       252.      vi.    Eliza Eloise BROWN was born on December 11, 1845. She died on October 25, 1923 at age 77.
 
 
64.  Elizabeth L. HUMPHREYS (Mary3Brown, Margaret2Preston, John1) was born in January, 1800 in Staunton, VA. She married Robert Smith Todd, the father of Mary Todd Lincoln by his first marriage, on November 1, 1826 in Frankfort, KY. She died on February 16, 1874 at age 74.
     Robert Smith TODD, son of Gen. Levi and Jane (Briggs) Todd, was born on February 25, 1791 in Lexington, KY. He married Eliza Ann Parker on November 13, 1812 in Lexington, Fayette Co., KY. He died on July 16, 1849 at age 58.
     Children of Elizabeth L. Humphreys and Robert Smith Todd were as follows:
       263.        i.    Margaret TODD was born on December 14, 1828 in Lexington, KY. She died on March 13, 1904 in Daytona, FL, at age 75.
       264.       ii.    Samuel Briggs TODD was born on March 20, 1830 in Lexington, KY. He died on April 8, 1862 in Corinth, MS, at age 32, from wounds at the battle of Shiloh.
       265.     iii.    David Humphreys TODD was born circa 1832.
       266.      iv.    Martha K. TODD was born on June 9, 1833. She died on July 9, 1868 in Anna, IL, at age 35.
       267.       v.    Emilie Paret TODD was born on November 11, 1836. She married Gen. Benjamin Hardin Helm on March 20, 1856 in Frankfort, KY. She died on February 20, 1930 in “Helm Place”, Fayette Co., KY, at age 93.  Gen. Benjamin Helm was appointed colonel of the 1st KY CAV then promoted to Brigadier General in March 1862.  He was killed in action at Chickamauga in the first assault by Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk’s wing
       268.      vi.    Alexander H. TODD was born on February 16, 1839. He died on August 5, 1862 in Baton Rouge, LA, at age 23, killed in action in the battle of Baton Rouge.
       269.    vii.    Elodie Breck TODD was born on April 1, 1840. She died in 1877.
       270.    viii.    Catharine Bodley TODD was born on October 7, 1841. She died on April 17, 1875 in St. Matthews, KY, at age 33.
 
 
66.  James Percy BROWN (Samuel3, Margaret2Preston, John1) was born circa 1810. He married Lizinka Campbell on April 25, 1839 in Nashville, TN. He died in 1844.
     Lizinka CAMPBELL, daughter of George Washington and Harriet (Stoddert) Campbell, was born in 1820 in Russia. She married Lt. Gen. Richard Stoddert Ewell on May 24, 1863. She died on January 22, 1872 in Maury Co., TN. Gen. Ewell was commissioned Brigadier General in the Provisional CSA Army and Major General in the Army of Northern Virginia on January 24, 1862.  He was named Lieutenant General succeeding Stonewall Jackson in command of the 2nd Corps on May 23, 1863.  Gen. Ewell fought at First Manassas, the 1862 Valley Campaign, the Seven Days and the Second Manassas campaign where he lost his leg during the battle of Groveton.  Ewell commanded the 2nd Corps from Gettysburg to Spottsylvania before his health forced his retirement from active duty.  He then took over the Richmond defenses and was captured on April 6, 1865 at Sayler’s Creek.   
     Children of James Percy Brown and Lizinka Campbell were as follows:
       277.        i.    George Campbell BROWN was born on November 27, 1840 in Davidson Co., TN. He married Susan Rebecca Polk on September 11, 1866 in Hamilton Place, Maury Co., TN. He died on August 30, 1893 at age 52.
     George was appointed 1st Lt. and aide de camp on July 1, 1861, serving in the Virginia campaign and being wounded in June 1862.  He was appointed captain on Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s staff on July 2, 1862.  George was promoted to major and continued with Gen. Ewell until captured at Sailor’s Creek, VA on April 6, 1865.
       278.       ii.    Harriet Stoddert BROWN was born on August 1, 1844. She married Thomas Theodore Turner in October, 1865. She died in 1932.
 
 
79.  Letitia Preston BRECKINRIDGE (John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on June 22, 1786 in “The Glebe”, Albemarle Co., VA. She married Alfred William Grayson on October 28, 1804 in Fayette Co., KY. Letitia married Peter Buel Porter on October 16, 1818 in Princeton, NJ. She died on July 27, 1831 in “Black Rock”, Niagara Co., NY, at age 45.
     Alfred William GRAYSON, son of William and Eleanor (Smallwood) Grayson, was born on April 16, 1780 in Prince William Co., VA. He died on October 10, 1810 at age 30.
     Children of Letitia Preston Breckinridge and Alfred William Grayson were as follows:
       308.        i.    Smallwood GRAYSON was born circa 1805. He died; died in infancy.
+     309.       ii.    John Breckinridge GRAYSON, born October 18, 1806 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Caroline Searle.
       310.     iii.    William Lewis GRAYSON was born circa 1810. He died young.
     Peter Buel PORTER, son of Col. Joshua and Abigail (Buell) Porter, was born on August 14, 1773 in Salisbury, CT. He died in March 1844 in Niagara Falls, NY, at age 70. He was a member of Congress between 1809 and 1816. Peter was Secretary of War under President Adams between 1828 and 1829.
     Children of Letitia Preston Breckinridge and Peter Buel Porter were as follows:
       311.        i.    Elizabeth Lewis PORTER was born on April 23, 1823. She died on January 28, 1876 at age 52.
     She lived in Niagara Falls, NY and never married.
+     312.       ii.    Peter Augustus PORTER, born July 14, 1827 in “Black Rock”, Niagara Co., NY; married Mary Cabell Breckinridge; married Josephine M. Morris.
 
 
80.  Joseph Cabell BRECKINRIDGE (John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on July 24, 1788 in “The Glebe”, Albemarle Co., VA. He married Mary Clay Smith on May 11, 1811. He died on September 1, 1823 in Frankfort, KY, at age 35.
     Mary Clay SMITH; daughter of Rev. Samuel Stanhope and Anne (Witherspoon) Smith was born on August 31, 1787 in Princeton, NJ. She died on October 9, 1864 in Baltimore, MD, at age 77.
     Children of Joseph Cabell Breckinridge and Mary Clay Smith were as follows:
       313.        i.    Frances Ann BRECKINRIDGE, born February 27, 1812 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Rev. John Clarke Young.
       314.       ii.    Caroline Laurens BRECKINRIDGE, born October 12, 1813 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married Rev. Joseph James Bullock.
       315.     iii.    Mary Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born January 7, 1815 in Lexington, KY; married Dr. Thomas Palmer Satterwhite.
+     316.      iv.    Gen. John Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born January 16, 1821 in Lexington, KY; married Mary Cyrene Burch.
       317.       v.    Letitia Porter BRECKINRIDGE was born on October 26, 1822 in Frankfort, KY. She married Charles Copeland Parkhill on September 6, 1847 in Frankfort, KY. She died in May, 1853 in “Walnut Hills”, Fayette Co., KY, at age 30.
       318.      vi.    Mary Ann Cabell BRECKINRIDGE was born on February 15, 1824 in Frankfort, KY. She died on July 25, 1826 in Fayette Co., KY, at age 2.
 
 
84.  John BRECKINRIDGE (John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on July 4, 1797 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY. He married Margaret Miller on January 28, 1823. John married Mary Ann Babcock on September 1, 1840. He died on August 4, 1841 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY, at age 44.
     John was the chaplain of Congress between 1822 and 1823. He was trustee of Princeton College between 1830 and 1841.
     Margaret MILLER, daughter of Rev. Samuel and Sarah (Sargent) Miller, was born on September 29, 1802 in New York, NY. She died on June 16, 1838 in Princeton, NJ, at age 35.
     Children of John Breckinridge and Margaret Miller were as follows:
       320.        i.    Elizabeth BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1824. She died young.
+     321.       ii.    Mary Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born circa 1825; married Peter Augustus Porter (#312). See #312 for more on this family.
       322.     iii.    Samuel Miller BRECKINRIDGE, born November 3, 1828 in Baltimore, MD; married Virginia Harrison Castleman.
       323.      iv.    Margaret Elizabeth BRECKINRIDGE was born on March 24, 1832 in Philadelphia, PA. She died on July 27, 1864 in Niagara Falls, NY, at age 32, of disease.  She was infected while she ministered to Union soldiers along the Mississippi River.
       324.       v.    John Joseph BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1834. He died in infancy.
       325.      vi.    Margaret BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1835. She died in infancy.
     Mary Ann BABCOCK; daughter of Maj. Paul and Lucy (Bell) Babcock was born on April 1, 1821. She died on April 12, 1891 in Saybrook, CT, at age 70.
     Children of John Breckinridge and Mary Ann Babcock were:
       326.        i.    Agatha Marshall BRECKINRIDGE was born on July 13, 1841. She died on October 30, 1882 in Saybrook, CT, at age 41.
 
 
85.  Robert Jefferson BRECKINRIDGE (John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on March 8, 1800 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY. He married Ann Sophonisba Preston, daughter of Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell, on March 11, 1823 in Abingdon, VA. Robert married Virginia H. Hart, daughter of Nathaniel Hart Jr. and Susanna Preston, on April 1, 1847 in Danville, KY. He married Margaret Faulkner on November 5, 1868 in Danville, KY. Robert died on December 27, 1881 in Danville, KY, at age 81.
     Ann Sophonisba PRESTON (#123) was born on April 9, 1803 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She died on December 20, 1844 in Baltimore, MD, at age 41.
     Children of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge and Ann Sophonisba Preston were as follows:
       327.        i.    Francis Preston BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1825. He died on July 14, 1825 in Abingdon, VA.
       328.       ii.    Louisiana Hart BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1826. She died in infancy.
       329.     iii.    Mary Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born April 6, 1828 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY; married William Warfield.
       330.      iv.    John BRECKINRIDGE was born circa 1830. He died in infancy.
       331.       v.    Sarah Campbell BRECKINRIDGE was born on September 18, 1832. She married Rev. George Morrison on August 7, 1856 in “Braedalbane”, Fayette Co., KY. She died on April 23, 1865 at age 32.
       332.      vi.    Robert Jefferson BRECKINRIDGE, born September 14, 1833 in Baltimore, MD; married Katherine Desmond Morrison; married Lilla Augusta Morrison.
       333.    vii.    Marie Lettice BRECKINRIDGE, born August 14, 1836 in Paris, France; married Rev. William Collins Handy.
+     334.    viii.    William Campbell Preston BRECKINRIDGE, born August 28, 1837 in Baltimore, MD; married Lucretia Hart Clay; married Issa Desha; married Louise Rucks Scott.
       335.      ix.    Sophonisba Preston BRECKINRIDGE, born August 22, 1839; married Dr. Theopholis Steele Jr.
       336.       x.    Joseph Cabell BRECKINRIDGE, born January 14, 1842 in Baltimore, MD; married Louisa Ludlow Dudley.
       337.      xi.    Charles Henry BRECKINRIDGE was born on September 9, 1844. He died on August 27, 1867 in Fort Morgan, AL, at age 22.
     Charles was a cadet at the U. S. Military Academy between 1861 and 1865. He was commissioned 1st Lt. of the 15th INF on June 23, 1865.  He was commanding the company and post at Fort Morgan when he died.
     Virginia H. HART was born on June 14, 1809. She married Alfred Shelby on June 14, 1827 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY.
     Children of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge and Virginia H. Hart were as follows:
       338.        i.    Virginia Hart BRECKINRIDGE was born on February 10, 1847 in Lexington, KY. She died young.
       339.       ii.    Nathaniel Hart BRECKINRIDGE was born on July 21, 1849 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. He died on February 29, 1852 in Lexington, KY, at age 2.
       340.     iii.    John Robert BRECKINRIDGE was born on September 23, 1850 in Lexington, KY. He died on April 9, 1874 at age 23. John was murdered in Lebanon, TN while attending Cumberland University as a law student.
     Margaret FAULKNER, daughter of Gen. John Faulkner and widow of William White, was born c. 1805.
     There were no children of Robert Jefferson Breckinridge and Margaret Faulkner.
 
 
89.  Elizabeth BRECKINRIDGE (James3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on March 31, 1794 in Fincastle, VA. She married Edward Watts on May 6, 1811 in Botetourt Co., VA. She died on July 8, 1862 at age 68.
     Edward WATTS, son of Col. William and Mary (Scott) Watts, was born on April 7, 1779 in Prince Edward Co., VA. He died on August 9, 1859 in “Oaklands”, Roanoke Co., VA, at age 80. Edward was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates between 1808 and 1809 representing Campbell Co. He was a member of the Virginia State Senate between 1809 and 1821. He moved to Big Lick which became Roanoke Co., VA in 1820. Edward was a candidate for Governor of Virginia in 1834 but was defeated by Littleton Tazewell. He became the first Commonwealth’s Attorney of the Circuit Court after the organization of Roanoke Co., VA in 1838.
     Children of Elizabeth Breckinridge and Edward Watts were as follows:
       362.        i.    James Breckinridge WATTS was born on May 26, 1812 in “Grove Hill”, Botetourt Co., VA. He died on August 20, 1846 in Red Sulphur Springs, WV, at age 34.
       363.       ii.    Mary Scott WATTS was born on September 26, 1814 in Botetourt Co., VA. She married James Breckinridge Gamble, son of Robert Gamble Jr. and Letitia Breckinridge, on April 30, 1834. She died on May 22, 1840 in Tallahassee, FL, at age 25.
       364.     iii.    William WATTS, born December 20, 1817 in Campbell Co., VA; married Mary Jane Allen.
+     365.      iv.    Ann Selden WATTS, born February 13, 1820; married James Philemon Holcombe.
       366.       v.    Elizabeth Breckinridge WATTS was born in 1822. She married Thomas Lewis Preston, son of Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell, on September 18, 1842 in Roanoke Co., VA. She died on February 21, 1843 in Abingdon, VA.
       367.      vi.    Edward WATTS was born in September, 1825. He died on November 10, 1827 at age 2.
       368.    vii.    Letitia Gamble WATTS was born on November 7, 1829. She married Landon Cabell Rives on January 22, 1850. She married Francis Sorrel Jr. on March 11, 1865 in Roanoke Co., VA. She died on December 8, 1900 at age 71.
       369.    viii.    Alice Matilda WATTS, born April 26, 1832; married George Washington Morris; married William Joseph Robertson.
       370.      ix.    Emma Gilmer WATTS, born October 13, 1835; married George Watson Carr.
       371.       x.    Henrietta Carter WATTS was born on May 20, 1837. She died on November 12, 1848 at age 11.
 
 
 
113.  Elizabeth Madison PRESTON (John3, William2, John1) was born circa 1803. She married Charles Clement Johnston on January 1, 1823 in “Greenfield”, Botetourt Co., VA. She died on November 27, 1828.
     Charles Clement JOHNSTON, son of Judge Peter and Lucy (Wood) Johnston, was born on April 30, 1795 in “Longwood”, Farmville, VA. He died on June 17, 1832 in Alexandria, VA, at age 37.  Charles drowned accidentally when he fell from one of the Alexandria docks. He was elected on March 4, 1831 to Congress as a States Rights Democrat.
     Children of Elizabeth Madison Preston and Charles Clement Johnston were as follows:
       425.        i.    John Preston JOHNSTON was born on February 1, 1824. He died on August 19, 1847 in Contreras, Mexico, at age 23; killed in action.
       426.       ii.    Eliza Mary JOHNSTON was born on July 3, 1825 in Abingdon, VA. She married Robert William Hughes on June 4, 1850. She died on January 31, 1908 in Ghent, VA, at age 82.
       427.     iii.    Susan Louisa Smith JOHNSTON was born on November 6, 1826. She died on September 23, 1827.
       428.      iv.    Sally Campbell JOHNSTON was born on May 10, 1828. She died on February 4, 1829.
 
 
121.  Susan Smith PRESTON (Francis3, William2, John1) was born on March 5, 1800 in “Salt Works”, Washington Co., VA. She married James McDowell, son of Col. James McDowell and Sarah Preston, on September 7, 1818 in Abingdon, VA. She died on October 13, 1847 at age 47.
     James MCDOWELL (#134) was born on October 13, 1795 in “Cherry Grove”, Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on August 24, 1851 in Lexington, VA, at age 55. James was a founder of the Virginia Historical Society and signed its Constitution at the first meeting on December 29, 1831. In 1842 he was elected Governor of Virginia for a three year term beginning January 1, 1843.
     Children of Susan Smith Preston and James McDowell were as follows:
       435.        i.    Dr. James MCDOWELL was born on March 21, 1820 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on November 18, 1879 in New York, NY, at age 59.
       436.       ii.    Sally Campbell Preston MCDOWELL was born circa 1822. She married Francis Thomas on June 8, 1841 in Lexington, VA. She and Francis Thomas were divorced on February 14, 1846. She died on April 21, 1895.
       437.     iii.    Mary Breckinridge MCDOWELL was born circa 1824.
       438.      iv.    Frances Elizabeth Henry MCDOWELL was born circa 1825. She died on June 15, 1851.
       439.       v.    Sophonisba Breckinridge MCDOWELL was born on July 14, 1827 in Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on March 18, 1870 in Rockbridge Co., VA, at age 42.
       440.      vi.    Louis Marshall MCDOWELL was born on February 15, 1830. He died on October 20, 1832 at age 2.
       441.    vii.    Susan Smith MCDOWELL was born on April 16, 1832 in “Col Alto”, Lexington, VA. She died on November 5, 1909 at age 77.
       442.    viii.    Thomas Preston MCDOWELL was born on July 5, 1834 in Abingdon, VA. He died on August 7, 1862 in Gordonsville, VA, at age 28.
       443.      ix.    Margaret Cantey MCDOWELL was born on March 26, 1836 in Lexington, VA. She married Charles Scott Venable on January 16, 1856 in Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on January 15, 1874 in University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, at age 37.  Charles Scott Venable was an aide de camp to General Robert E. Lee.  He was appointed 1st Lieutenant of artillery with provisional rank of major.  On April 21, 1862 he was appointed major of cavalry and aide de camp to General Lee, then in May 1862 he became an assistant adjutant general with General M. L. Smith in Mississippi but later returned to the staff of General Lee and was appointed Lt. Col. on March 16, 1864
       444.       x.    Elizabeth Preston Benton MCDOWELL was born circa 1840.
 
 
131.  Margaret Buchanan Frances PRESTON (Francis3, William2, John1) was born on January 13, 1818 in Abingdon, VA. She married Wade Hampton III on October 10, 1838 in Abingdon, VA. She died on June 27, 1852 in Columbia, SC, at age 34.
     Wade HAMPTON III, son of Wade and Ann (Fitzsimmons) Hampton, was born on March 28, 1818 in Charleston, SC. He married Mary Singleton McDuffie on January 27, 1858. He died on April 11, 1902 in Columbia, SC, at age 84. Wade was in the South Caroline legislature representing Richland County between 1852 and 1858. He was in the South Carolina State Senate between 1858 and 1861. Wade mustered in as colonel in the Confederate Army on June 12, 1861 after raising a legion. He was promoted to Brigadier General on May 23, 1862, Major General on September 3 1863 and Lt. General on Feb 14, 1865 when he commanded the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia. Wade was Governor of South Carolina between 1876 and 1879. He was a United States Senator between 1879 and 1891.
     Children of Margaret Buchanan Frances Preston and Wade Hampton III were as follows:
       456.        i.    Wade HAMPTON IV was born on March 2, 1840. He married Kate Phelan. He died on December 22, 1879 at age 39.
     Wade began military service on June 14, 1861 when he enlisted as a private in Co. A of the Hampton Legion of CAV. He was appointed 1st Lt. on November 16, 1861 and assigned as an aide de camp to General J. E. Johnston.  Wade was promoted to major on April 28, 1865.
       457.       ii.    John Preston HAMPTON was born on December 12, 1841. He died in October 1842.
       458.     iii.    Thomas Preston HAMPTON was born on November 26, 1843. He died on October 27, 1864 in Petersburg, VA, at age 20, mortally wounded at the battle of Burgess’ Mill, VA.
       459.      iv.    Sally Preston HAMPTON was born on July 29, 1844. She died on April 8, 1886 at age 41.
       460.       v.    Harriet Flud HAMPTON was born on June 13, 1848. She died on December 8, 1853 at age 5.
 
 
133.  Elizabeth Preston MCDOWELL (Sarah3Preston, William2, John1) was born on July 8, 1794 in Rockbridge Co., VA. She married Thomas Hart Benton on March 20, 1821 in Rockbridge Co., VA. She died on September 10, 1854 in Washington, D. C, at age 60.
     Thomas Hart BENTON, son of Jesse and Ann (Gooch) Benton, was born on March 14, 1782 in Hillsboro, NC. He died on April 10, 1858 in Washington, D. C, at age 76. He was in the U. S. Senate between 1820 and 1850 and “became one of the most influential men in the United States, promoting the opening of the west and championing hard money.”
     Children of Elizabeth Preston McDowell and Thomas Hart Benton were as follows:
       467.        i.    Susan BENTON.
       468.       ii.    Randolph BENTON.
       469.     iii.    Sarah BENTON.
       470.      iv.    Eliza Preston Carrington BENTON was born on February 12, 1822. She died on December 11, 1895 in Baltimore, MD, at age 73.
       471.       v.    Jessie Ann BENTON was born on May 31, 1824 in Lexington, VA. She married Gen. John Charles Fremont on October 19, 1841 in Washington, D. C. She died on December 27, 1902 in Los Angeles, CA, at age 78. John Fremont mapped much of the Iowa Territory in 1841 and explored the Wind River Chain of the Rocky Mountains in 1842. He explored Colorado, Great Salt Lake and Oregon to Fort Vancouver, CA and New Mexico in 1843-1844. In 1846 he became major of the battalion of California Volunteers in the conquest of California. John was ordered to act as Governor of California by Commodore Stockton but Gen. Kearney revoked this order and placed him under arrest for mutiny.  He was found guilty but President Polk revoked the penalty.  He resigned March 15, 1848. In 1856 John Fremont was the Republican nominee for President of the United States. He was in the U. S. Army from May 14, 1861-Jun 04, 1864 serving as Major General in charge of the Department of the West until December 2, 1861 and later was in charge of the Mountain Department. In 1856 he was again nominated for President by the Radical Republicans but withdrew.
 
 
135.  Henrietta PRESTON (William3, William2, John1) was born on February 23, 1803 in “Santillane”, Fincastle, VA. She married Gen. Albert S. Johnston on June 20, 1829 in Louisville, KY. She died on August 12, 1835 in “Hayfield”, Jefferson Co., KY, at age 32.
     Gen. Albert S. JOHNSTON, son of Dr. John and Abigail (Harris) Johnston, was born on February 2, 1803 in Washington, Mason Co., KY. He died on April 6, 1862 in Shiloh, TN, at age 59, killed in action in battle of Shiloh. Albert was appointed a full General in the Regular Army of the Confederacy and placed in command of troops west of the Alleghenies on May 3, 1861.
     Children of Henrietta Preston and Gen. Albert S. Johnston were as follows:
       482.        i.    William Preston JOHNSTON was born on January 5, 1831 in Louisville, KY. He married Rosa Elizabeth Duncan on July 7, 1853 in New Haven, CT. William married Margaret Henshaw Avery on April 25, 1888 in Avery Island, LA. He died on July 16, 1899 in “Col Alto”, Lexington, KY, at age 68.
     On May 10, 1865 William was captured in Irwinsville, GA with Jefferson Davis while serving him as aide de camp. He was invited by Gen. Robert E. Lee to take the history and English literature chair at Washington College which he held between 1867 and 1877 in Lexington, VA. William published “The Life of Albert Sidney Johnston” in 1878.
       483.       ii.    Henrietta Preston JOHNSTON was born on April 18, 1832 in Jefferson Barracks, MO. She died on July 29, 1906 in Louisville, KY, at age 74.
       484.     iii.    Maria Pope JOHNSTON was born on October 28, 1833 in Jefferson Barracks, MO. She died on August 10, 1834 in “Hayfield”, Jefferson Co., KY.
 
 
141.  Gen. William PRESTON (William3, William2, John1) was born on October 15, 1816 in “Preston Lodge”, Jefferson Co., KY. He married Margaret Preston Wickliffe (#237), daughter of Robert Wickliffe and Margaret Preston Howard, on December 9, 1840 in Lexington, KY. He died on September 21, 1887 in Lexington, KY, at age 70.
     William served in U. S. Congress between 1852 and 1856. He began military service in September 1861 when he joined Gen. Albert Johnston’s army.  He was commissioned colonel on Feb 15, 1862 and Brigadier General on April 18, 1862.  William served at Corinth, Vicksburg, Perryville and Chickamauga then was in command of the District of Abingdon, VA until Jan 7, 1864 when he was appointed Confederate Minister to Mexico.
     Margaret Preston WICKLIFFE (#237) was born on March 25, 1819. She died on February 2, 1898 in Lexington, KY, at age 78.
     Children of Gen. William Preston and Margaret Preston Wickliffe were as follows:
       492.        i.    Mary Owen PRESTON was born on October 9, 1841 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She married John Mason Brown, son of Mason Brown and Mary Yoder, on November 25, 1869 in Lexington, KY. She died on March 16, 1898 at age 56.
       493.       ii.    Caroline Hancock PRESTON was born on August 3, 1843 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She died on October 15, 1917 in Lexington, KY, at age 74.
       494.     iii.    Margaret Howard PRESTON was born in February, 1848 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She died on October 29, 1926 in New York, NY, at age 78.
       495.      iv.    Robert Wickliffe PRESTON was born on December 2, 1850 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. He died on June 13, 1914 in Lexington, KY, at age 63.
       496.       v.    Susan Christy PRESTON was born on October 6, 1853 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She married William Franklin Draper on May 22, 1890 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She died on June 22, 1919 in Rome, Italy, at age 65.
       497.      vi.    Jessie Fremont PRESTON was born in December, 1855 in “Wickliffe Place”, Lexington, KY. She died on February 11, 1917 in Boston, MA, at age 61.
 
 
145.  Louisiana Breckinridge HART (Susanna3Preston, William2, John1) was born on December 4, 1803 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. She married Tobias Gibson on June 14, 1827 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. She died on February 20, 1851 in Havana, Cuba, at age 47.
     Tobias GIBSON, son of the Rev. Randall and Harriet (McKinley) Gibson, was born on October 27, 1800 in Vicksburg, MS. He died on February 6, 1872 in “Oak Forest”, Terrebonne Parrish, LA, at age 71.
     Children of Louisiana Breckinridge Hart and Tobias Gibson were as follows:
       505.        i.    Susanna Hart GIBSON was born on May 30, 1828 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. She died on January 20, 1830 in Warren Co., MS, at age 1.
       506.       ii.    Sarah Thompson GIBSON was born on May 17, 1830 in Terrebonne Parrish, LA. She married Joseph Alexander Humphreys, son of David Carlyle Humphreys and Sarah Finley Scott, on June 21, 1853 in Lexington, KY. She died on May 31, 1907 in “Magnolia”, Terrebonne Parrish, LA, at age 77.
       507.     iii.    Gen. Randall Lee GIBSON was born on September 10, 1832 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. He married Mary Montgomery circa 1865. He died on December 15, 1892 in Hot Springs, AR, at age 60.
     Randall assumed command of Co. D of the 1st LA Heavy ART on May 8, 1861 then was elected Col. of the 13th LA INF on Sep 9, 1861. He served at Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga and was appointed Brigadier General in Taylor’s Corp on Feb 1, 1864. He was in the House of Representatives from Louisiana between 1875 and 1883 and was in the United States Senate from Louisiana between 1883 and 1892.
       508.      iv.    William Preston GIBSON was born on October 16, 1833 in Terrebonne Parrish, LA. He married Elodie Mary Humphreys, daughter of Alexander Humphreys and Emilie Perret, on July 19, 1855.
       509.       v.    Nathaniel Hart GIBSON was born on May 22, 1835 in Shawnee Springs, Mercer Co., KY. He died on January 3, 1904 in St. Paul, MN, at age 68.
       510.      vi.    Claudius GIBSON was born on February 5, 1837 in Terrebonne Parrish, LA. He died on March 22, 1863 at age 26.
       511.    vii.    Tobias GIBSON was born on August 6, 1838 in Terrebonne Parrish, LA. He died on December 4, 1904 in Lexington, KY, at age 66.
       512.    viii.    John McKinley GIBSON was born on October 3, 1840 in Lexington, KY. He died on April 5, 1880 at age 39.
       513.      ix.    Robert Breckinridge GIBSON was born on February 6, 1845 in Lexington, KY. He died on June 9, 1845 in Lexington, KY.
       514.       x.    Louisiana Breckinridge Hart GIBSON was born on January 28, 1848 in “Oak Forest.” She died on February 14, 1877 at age 29.
 
 
148.  Virginia H. HART (Susanna3Preston, William2, John1) was born on June 14, 1809. She married Alfred Shelby on June 14, 1827 in “Spring Hill”, Woodford Co., KY. She married Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (#85), son of John Breckinridge and Mary Hopkins Cabell, on April 1, 1847 in Danville, KY.
     Alfred SHELBY, son of Governor Isaac and Susannah (Hart) Shelby, was born on January 25, 1804 in “Traveler’s Rest”, Lincoln Co., KY. He died on December 1, 1832 at age 28.
     Children of Virginia H. Hart and Alfred Shelby were as follows:
       515.        i.    Isaac SHELBY was born on April 25, 1828. He died on December 2, 1848 at age 20.
       516.       ii.    Susanna Preston SHELBY was born on February 6, 1830 in “Traveler’s Rest”, Lincoln Co., KY. She died on November 6, 1891 in Washington, D. C, at age 61.
       517.     iii.    Alfred SHELBY was born on November 12, 1831. He died on December 24, 1848 at age 17.
       518.      iv.    Sarah Virginia SHELBY was born on April 12, 1833. She died; died in infancy.
     Robert Jefferson BRECKINRIDGE (#85) was born on March 8, 1800 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY. He married Ann Sophonisba Preston, daughter of Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell, on March 11, 1823 in Abingdon, VA. He married Margaret Faulkner on November 5, 1868 in Danville, KY. He died on December 27, 1881 in Danville, KY, at age 81. See #85 for the children of this couple.
 
 
160.  William Lynn LEWIS (Mary3Preston, William2, John1) was born on March 24, 1799 in “The Cove”, Monroe Co., WV. He married Ann E. Stuart on January 11, 1821 in St. Matthew Parish, Orangeburg District, SC. William married Harriet D. Thomson circa 1832. He married Letitia Preston Floyd, daughter of John Floyd and Letitia Preston, on March 13, 1837 in New Orleans, LA. William died on October 16, 1869 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 70.
     Ann E. STUART was born circa 1800. She died in 1830.
     There were no children of William Lynn Lewis and Ann E. Stuart.
     Harriet D. THOMSON, daughter of Col. William Russell and Elizabeth (Sabb) Thomson, was born in 1797. She died on September 21, 1835.
     Children of William Lynn Lewis and Harriet D. Thomson were:
       538.        i.    William Lynn LEWIS was born on June 14, 1844 in Orangeburg District, SC. He married Florence Catherine Dooley on March 18, 1868. He died on April 9, 1908 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 63.
     William was educated between 1863 and 1864 in Lexington, VA.  He was a student at Virginia Military Institute and a private in Co. A at the battle of New Market.
     Letitia Preston FLOYD was born on March 13, 1814 in Blacksburg, VA. She died on February 16, 1887 in Sweet Springs, WV, at age 72.
     There were no children of William Lynn Lewis and Letitia Preston Floyd.
 
 
162.  Ann Montgomery LEWIS (Mary3Preston, William2, John1) was born on March 3, 1803 in “The Cove”, Monroe Co., WV. She married John Howson Peyton on September 13, 1821 in Sweet Springs, WV. She died on July 15, 1850 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA, at age 47.
     John Howson PEYTON; son of John Rowzee and Anne (Hooe) Peyton was born on April 29, 1778 in “Stony Hill”, Stafford Co., VA. He married Susan Smith Madison, daughter of William Strother Madison and Elizabeth Preston, on July 11, 1802 in “Madisonville”, Montgomery Co., VA. He died on April 3, 1847 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA, at age 68.
     Children of Ann Montgomery Lewis and John Howson Peyton were as follows:
       539.        i.    Susan Madison PEYTON was born on July 4, 1822. She married John Brown Baldwin on September 20, 1842 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA. She died on October 1, 1899 at age 77.
       540.       ii.    John Lewis PEYTON was born on September 15, 1824 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA. He died on May 21, 1896 at age 71.
     He was the author of many books between 1867 and 1894, “Adventures of my Grandfather” in 1867; “Memoir of William Madison Peyton, of Roanoke” in 1873; “Biographical Sketch of Anne Montgomery Peyton” in 1876; “History of Augusta County, Virginia” in 1882 and  “Memoir of John Howe Peyton” in 1894.
       541.     iii.    Ann Montgomery PEYTON was born on October 1, 1827. She died on May 11, 1870 at age 42.
       542.      iv.    Mary Preston PEYTON was born on April 18, 1829 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA. She died on November 8, 1907 at age 78.
       543.       v.    Lucy Garnett PEYTON was born on October 12, 1830. She died on January 22, 1903 at age 72.
       544.      vi.    Elizabeth Trent PEYTON was born in 1832. She died in 1886.
       545.    vii.    Margaret Lynn PEYTON was born on September 5, 1835 in “Montgomery Hall”, Staunton, VA. She died on December 23, 1918 in Staunton, VA, at age 83.
       546.    viii.    Yelverton Howe PEYTON was born on January 8, 1838. He died on June 23, 1891 in Lancaster, TX, at age 53.
       547.      ix.    Frances Virginia PEYTON was born in 1841.
       548.       x.    Cornelia B. PEYTON was born in May, 1843 in Augusta Co., VA. She died in 1935.
 
 
179.  Elizabeth Randolph PRESTON (Thomas3, William2, John1) was born on December 4, 1808 in Lexington, VA. She married William Armistead Cocke on October 8, 1835 in Lexington, VA. She died on January 24, 1889 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA, at age 80.
     After the Civil War, General Robert E. Lee lived with his family at “Derwent”, Elizabeth Preston Cocke’s farm in Powhatan Co., VA.  He stayed there until he became president of Washington College in June 1865.
     William Armistead COCKE, son of William and Jane (Armistead) Cocke, was born on July 19, 1798 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA. He died on July 1, 1855 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA, at age 56.
     Children of Elizabeth Randolph Preston and William Armistead Cocke were as follows:
       550.        i.    John Preston COCKE was born on November 8, 1835 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA. He married Eliza Bernard Meredith on November 15, 1870 in Richmond, VA. He died on January 15, 1917 in Richmond, VA, at age 81.
     As a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute, John Cocke fought and was wounded at the battle of New Market, VA.
       551.       ii.    William Fauntleroy COCKE was born on August 28, 1836 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA. He died on July 3, 1863 in Gettysburg, PA, at age 26, killed in action during the battle of Gettysburg.
       552.     iii.    Thomas Lewis Preston COCKE was born on January 9, 1838 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA. He died on October 9, 1895 in “Arrow Wood”, Powhatan Co., VA, at age 57.
       553.      iv.    Edmund Randolph COCKE was born on March 25, 1841 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA. He married Phoebe Alexander Preston, daughter of John Thomas Lewis Preston and Sarah Lyle Caruthers, on October 17, 1871 in Lexington, VA. He died on February 19, 1922 in “Oakland”, Cumberland Co., VA, at age 80.
 
 
180.  John Thomas Lewis PRESTON (Thomas3, William2, John1) was born on April 25, 1811 in Lexington, VA. He married Sarah Lyle Caruthers on August 2, 1832 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He married Margaret Junkin on August 3, 1857 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on July 15, 1890 in Lexington, VA, at age 79.
     John was a prime mover in the foundation of the Virginia Military Institute through a series of newspaper articles advocating a school.  He was a member of the Board of Visitors in 1839 then resigned to join the faculty.  John was a professor of modern languages and until 1842 he and Gen. Francis H. Smith were the entire faculty.  He was a professor from 1841 until his resignation in 1876 and then returned on a temporary basis from 1879 until 1882.
     Sarah Lyle CARUTHERS, daughter of William and Phebe (Alexander) Caruthers, was born on February 26, 1811 in Lexington, VA. She died on January 4, 1856 in Lexington, VA, at age 44.
     Children of John Thomas Lewis Preston and Sarah Lyle Caruthers were as follows:
       554.        i.    Thomas Lewis PRESTON was born on June 2, 1835 in Lexington, VA. He died on May 28, 1895 in Lexington, VA, at age 59.
       555.       ii.    Edmonia Madison Randolph PRESTON was born on November 27, 1837. She died in August, 1842 at age 4.
       556.     iii.    Phoebe Alexander PRESTON was born on August 12, 1839 in Lexington, VA. She married Edmund Randolph Cocke, son of William Armistead Cocke and Elizabeth Randolph Preston, on October 17, 1871 in Lexington, VA. She died on August 5, 1873 at age 33.
       557.      iv.    Franklin PRESTON was born on September 1, 1841. He died on November 19, 1869 at age 28.
       558.       v.    William Caruthers PRESTON was born on October 26, 1844. He died on August 29, 1862 at age 17. He was wounded at Second Manassas and died the next day.
       559.      vi.    Edmund Randolph PRESTON was born on November 9, 1845. He died on December 19, 1862 at age 17.  He served with VMI Corps in the McDowell campaign and died while a cadet.
       560.    vii.    Elizabeth Randolph PRESTON was born on December 22, 1848 in Lexington, VA. She married Col. William Allan on May 12, 1874 in Lexington, VA.  William Allan was appointed Captain of artillery then on Apr 25, 1863 was promoted to Major and finally on Mar 28, 1864 to Lt. Col. He was Chief of ordnance for Gen. Thomas J. Jackson’s corps until spring of 1863 then was chief of ordnance for Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps.  Later he became chief ordnance officer for the District of Western Virginia and East Tennessee. William wrote “Life and Work of John McDonough” which was published in 1886, “History of the Campaign of Gen. T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia” and then “The Army of Northern Virginia in 1862” published in 1890.
       561.    viii.    John Alexander PRESTON was born on January 17, 1853 in Lexington, VA. He died on September 13, 1896 in Charlotte, NC, at age 43.
     Margaret JUNKIN; daughter of George and Julia Rush (Miller) Junkin was born on May 19, 1820 in Milton, PA. She died on March 29, 1897 in Baltimore, MD, at age 76.
     Children of John Thomas Lewis Preston and Margaret Junkin were as follows:
       562.        i.    George Junkin PRESTON was born on July 2, 1858 in Rockbridge Co., VA. He died on June 17, 1908 in Baltimore, MD, at age 49.
       563.       ii.    Herbert Rush PRESTON was born on January 24, 1861 in Lexington, VA. He died on October 15, 1937 in Baltimore, MD, at age 76.
 
 
184.  Margaret Rhea PRESTON (Margaret3, William2, John1) was born on August 26, 1806 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married James Lowry White on December 27, 1825 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She died on March 26, 1860 in “Fruit Hill”, Washington Co., VA, at age 53.
     James Lowry WHITE, son of Col. James and Eliza (Wilson) White, was born on December 21, 1804 in Abingdon, VA. He died on December 8, 1838 at age 33.
     Children of Margaret Rhea Preston and James Lowry White were as follows:
       564.        i.    Elizabeth Wilson WHITE was born on May 12, 1827 in Washington Co., VA. She died on July 9, 1905 at age 78.
       565.       ii.    Margaret Rhea WHITE was born in June, 1828 in Washington Co., VA. She married Gen. William Young Conn Humes on August 10, 1854.  William enlisted as 1st Lt. in Bankhead’s Co., TN LT ART on May 13, 1861.  He was transferred on Nov 23, 1861 to another company as Captain and then on May 15, 1863 he was promoted to Major and became chief of artillery for Gen. Wheeler’s staff. William was appointed Brigadier General on Nov 17, 1863 and was wounded at Greensboro, NC in 1865 in the Army of TN’s last battle
       566.     iii.    Jane Conn WHITE was born circa 1831.
       567.      iv.    John Preston WHITE was born on March 7, 1832 in “Fruit Hill”, Abingdon, VA. He died on January 16, 1905 in Austin, TX, at age 72.
       568.       v.    James Lowry WHITE was born on May 30, 1833 in “Fruit Hill”, Abingdon, VA. He died on June 26, 1909 in Farmville, VA, at age 76.
       569.      vi.    William Young Conn WHITE was born in 1835. He died on October 13, 1904 in Baltimore, MD.
       570.    vii.    Ellen Sheffey WHITE was born on May 26, 1836 in “Fruit Hill”, Abingdon, VA. She died on July 13, 1912 at age 76.
       571.    viii.    Susan Preston WHITE was born on August 29, 1838. She died on June 19, 1908 at age 69.
 
 
193.  Henry PRESTON (Margaret3, William2, John1) was born on November 20, 1828 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. He married Anne Cary Carter, daughter of John Coles Carter and Ellen Monroe Bankhead, on September 8, 1852 in “Redlands”, Albemarle Co., VA. He died on July 17, 1899 at age 70.
     Henry was a farmer in Washington Co., VA living with his father at Walnut Grove which he inherited when his father died in 1864.
     Anne Cary CARTER was born on April 19, 1833 in “Redlands”, Albemarle Co., VA. She died on January 12, 1895 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA, at age 61.
     Children of Henry Preston and Anne Cary Carter were as follows:
       572.        i.    Mary Coles PRESTON was born on February 9, 1854 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She died on March 27, 1914 at age 60.
       573.       ii.    Margaret Brown PRESTON was born on September 9, 1855 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She died on May 9, 1926 at age 70.
       574.     iii.    Ellen Bankhead PRESTON was born on March 3, 1857 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married Otway Giles Bailey on April 24, 1889 in Washington Co., VA. She died on March 3, 1923 at age 66.
       575.      iv.    Elizabeth Madison PRESTON was born on October 5, 1858 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married James White Cummings on July 18, 1900 in Washington Co., VA. She died on January 4, 1906 at age 47.
       576.       v.    Anne Carey PRESTON was born on February 18, 1860 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married Albert Pendleton Killinger on June 7, 1899 in Washington Co., VA.
       577.      vi.    Henry PRESTON was born on July 29, 1861 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. He married Mary Helen Carson on December 16, 1890. He died on December 14, 1921 in Abingdon, VA, at age 60.
       578.    vii.    Jane Craighead PRESTON was born on August 1, 1863 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She died on January 23, 1907 at age 43.
       579.    viii.    Isaette Randolph PRESTON was born on November 5, 1865 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She died on June 18, 1916 at age 50.
       580.      ix.    Eugenia PRESTON; “Fannie” was born on January 31, 1868 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. She married Charles Cummings Gibson on October 2, 1889. She died on January 4, 1913 at age 44.
       581.       x.    Percy Thomas PRESTON was born on October 11, 1875 in “Walnut Grove”, Washington Co., VA. He married Corinne Roane Wills on September 7, 1905. He died on April 2, 1941 at age 65.
 
 
196.  Francis Preston BLAIR (Elizabeth3Smith, Ann2Preston, John1) was born on April 12, 1791 in Abingdon, VA. He married Eliza Violet Gist on July 21, 1813 in Franklin Co., KY. He died on October 18, 1876 in Silver Spring, MD, at age 85.
     President Jackson asked Francis Blair to establish a newspaper in Washington in 1830 to explain the administration’s policies.  The “Globe” was the result and was a power in Jackson’s and Van Buren’s presidencies. Francis lived on December 6, 1836 in the “Blair House” in Washington, D. C. He purchased the house located on the President’s Square. Francis presided over the meeting in Pittsburgh which organized the Republican party in 1856. On January 12, 1865 he visited President Jefferson Davis which resulted in the Feb 1865 peace conference between Lincoln and Seward and Vice President Alexander Stephens, R. M. T. Hunter and J. A. Campbell.
     Eliza Violet GIST, daughter of Nathaniel and Judith (Bell) Gist, was born on November 10, 1794 in Buckingham Co., VA. She died on July 5, 1877 in Silver Spring, MD, at age 82.
     Children of Francis Preston Blair and Eliza Violet Gist were as follows:
       582.        i.    Francis BLAIR.
       583.       ii.    James BLAIR.
       584.     iii.    Montgomery BLAIR was born on May 10, 1813 in Franklin Co., KY. He married Caroline Rebecca Buckner in July, 1836 in “Auburn”, Loudoun Co., VA. He married Mary Elizabeth Woodbury on July 6, 1847 in Portsmouth, NH. He died on July 27, 1883 in “Falkland”, Silver Spring, MD, at age 70.
     Montgomery was United States District Attorney for Missouri between 1839 and 1843 until President Tyler removed him for political reasons. He was mayor of St. Louis between 1842 and 1843. Montgomery practiced law primarily before the Supreme Court after 1853 in MD. He was solicitor of the United States Court of Claims between 1855 and 1858 until dismissed by President Buchanan for his “pronounced” views on slavery. He was appointed Postmaster General in 1861 by President Lincoln and served until 1864 when Lincoln requested his resignation.
       585.      iv.    Juliet BLAIR was born on September 6, 1814. She died on July 13, 1816 at age 1.
       586.       v.    Laura BLAIR was born on February 22, 1816. She died on October 30, 1819 at age 3.
+     587.      vi.    Elizabeth BLAIR, born June 20, 1818 in Frankfort, KY; married Samuel Phillips Lee.
       588.    vii.    James Lawrence BLAIR was born on October 7, 1819. He died on December 15, 1852 in San Francisco, CA, at age 33.
       589.    viii.    Francis Preston BLAIR was born on February 19, 1821 in Lexington, KY. He married Appoline Alexander, daughter of Andrew Jonathan Alexander and Myra L. Madison, on September 8, 1847 in Woodford Co., KY. He died on July 9, 1875 in St. Louis, MO, at age 54.
     Francis was elected to Congress and served between 1856 and 1858. He was elected to Congress in 1860 and was the chairman of the Committee on Military Defense. He was appointed Brigadier General on August 7, 1862 after raising seven regiments and promoted on Nov 29, 1862 to Major General. Francis was nominated for Vice-President by the Democratic Party in July 1868.
 
 
213.  Myra L. MADISON (Jane3Smith, Ann2Preston, John1) was born circa 1803. She married Andrew Jonathan Alexander on April 28, 1822 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY.
     Andrew Jonathan ALEXANDER, son of William Alexander, was born on March 19, 1796. He died on December 18, 1833 at age 37.
     Children of Myra L. Madison and Andrew Jonathan Alexander were as follows:
       592.        i.    Agatha ALEXANDER was born circa 1823.
       593.       ii.    Appoline ALEXANDER was born circa 1825. She married Francis Preston Blair, son of Francis Preston Blair and Eliza Violet Gist, on September 8, 1847 in Woodford Co., KY. She died on September 5, 1908 in St. Louis, MO.
       594.     iii.    William M. ALEXANDER was born on January 12, 1827. He died on October 27, 1836 at age 9.
       595.      iv.    George M. ALEXANDER was born in 1829. He died on August 16, 1867 in Paducah, KY.
       596.       v.    Myra ALEXANDER was born circa 1832.
       597.      vi.    Gen. Andrew Jonathan ALEXANDER was born circa 1834. He died on May 4, 1887 in Utica, NY.
     Andrew was commissioned from MO as 1st Lt. of mounted rifles on July 26, 1861. On Aug 3, 1861 he was assigned to the 3rd CAV then was adjutant general of the Third Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac and the 17th Corps of the Department of Tennessee.  Andrew was breveted Brigadier General on April 16, 1865.
 
 
215.  Judge William Louis MARSHALL (Agatha3Smith, Ann2Preston, John1) was born on September 26, 1803 in “Buckpond”, Woodford Co., KY. He married Ann Kinloch Lee, daughter of Major General Henry Lee and Ann Hill Carter, on June 22, 1826 in Georgetown, D. C. He died on October 5, 1869 in CA at age 66.
     Ann Kinloch LEE, the sister of Robert E. Lee, was born on June 19, 1800 in “Stratford”, Westmoreland Co., VA. She died on February 20, 1864 in Baltimore, MD, at age 63.
     Children of Judge William Louis Marshall and Ann Kinloch Lee were as follows:
       598.        i.    Col. Louis Henry MARSHALL was born circa 1827 in Baltimore, MD. He died on October 7, 1891.
     Louis was aide-de-camp to Gen. John Pope between 1861 and 1865.
       599.       ii.    Ann C. MARSHALL was born circa 1830.
       600.     iii.    Henry Lee MARSHALL was born circa 1830.
 
 
230.  Mary Wilson PARKER (Mary3Howard, Mary2Preston, John1) was born on October 7, 1792 in Lexington, KY. She married Thomas Turpin Crittenden on September 16, 1813 in Lexington, KY. She died on February 15, 1869 in Madison, IN, at age 76.
     Thomas Turpin CRITTENDEN, son of Maj. John and Judith (Harris) Crittenden, was born on April 10, 1788 in Woodford Co., KY. He died in December, 1832 in Louisville, KY, at age 44.
     Children of Mary Wilson Parker and Thomas Turpin Crittenden were as follows:
       601.        i.    Mary Judith CRITTENDEN was born on July 23, 1814 in Lexington, KY. She died on April 21, 1883 in San Francisco, CA, at age 68.
       602.       ii.    Alexander Parker CRITTENDEN was born on January 14, 1816 in Lexington, KY. He died on November 5, 1870 in San Francisco, CA, at age 54.
       603.     iii.    John Henry CRITTENDEN was born in 1818 in Lexington, KY. He died circa 1820.
       604.      iv.    Laura C. CRITTENDEN was born in 1820 in Lexington, KY. She died in 1826.
       605.       v.    Gen. Thomas Turpin CRITTENDEN was born on October 16, 1825 in Huntsville, AL. He married Elizabeth Lorena Baldwin on June 17, 1852 in Clark Co., IN. He died on September 5, 1905 in Gloucester, MA, at age 79.
     Thomas began military service on April 19, 1861 as a Captain in the 6th IND INF.  On Sep 20, 1861 he reentered as Colonel of the 6th IND INF and was promoted to Brigadier General of Volunteers on Apr 28, 1862.  Thomas was taken prisoner at Murfreesboro, TN on Jul 12, 1862 and resigned May 5, 1863.
       606.      vi.    Benjamin Howard CRITTENDEN was born in 1828 in Lexington, KY. He died circa 1845.
       607.    vii.    Robert CRITTENDEN was born in 1830 in Lexington, KY. He died in 1855 in Nicaragua.
 
 
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309.  John Breckinridge GRAYSON (Letitia4Breckinridge, John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on October 18, 1806 in “Cabell’s Dale”, Fayette Co., KY. He married Caroline Searle on November 10, 1828 in Washington, D. C. He died on October 21, 1861 in Tallahassee, FL, at age 55, of a “disease of the lungs.”
     John was appointed quartermaster of the 8th VA INF on July 19, 1861 then on August 15, 1861 he was appointed Brigadier General commanding the Department of East and Middle Florida.
     Caroline SEARLE was born circa 1810.
     Children of John Breckinridge Grayson and Caroline Searle were:
       614.        i.    John B. GRAYSON was born circa 1830. He married C. Fournier between 1848 and 1895.
 
 
312.  Peter Augustus PORTER (Letitia4Breckinridge, John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on July 14, 1827 in “Black Rock”, Niagara Co., NY. He married Mary Cabell Breckinridge (#321), daughter of John Breckinridge and Margaret Miller, on March 30, 1852 in Connaconerara, NC. Peter married Josephine M. Morris on November 9, 1859 in New York, NY. He died on June 3, 1864 in Cold Harbor, VA, at age 36, killed in action at the Battle of Cold Harbor.
     Peter mustered in as Colonel of the 8th NY Heavy Artillery on August 23, 1862.
     Mary Cabell BRECKINRIDGE (#321) was born circa 1825. She died on August 4, 1854 in Niagara Falls, NY.
     Children of Peter Augustus Porter and Mary Cabell Breckinridge were:
       615.        i.    Peter A. PORTER was born circa 1853.
     Josephine M. MORRIS was born on July 31, 1832 in Charleston, SC. She died on May 10, 1891 in Buffalo, NY, at age 58.
     Children of Peter Augustus Porter and Josephine M. Morris were as follows:
       616.        i.    Elizabeth A. PORTER was born circa 1860.
       617.       ii.    George M. PORTER was born circa 1860.
 
 
316.  Gen. John Cabell BRECKINRIDGE (Joseph4, John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on January 16, 1821 in Lexington, KY. He married Mary Cyrene Burch on December 12, 1843 in Scott Co., KY. He died on May 17, 1875 in Lexington, KY, at age 54.
     John was elected to Kentucky legislature in 1849 in Fayette Co., KY. He was in Congress as a Democrat between 1851 and 1854 then was vice-president under President Buchanan between 1856 and 1861. John ran for president, receiving 72 electoral votes in 1860. He was appointed Brigadier General in the Confederate Army under General A. S. Johnston at Bowling Green, KY on November 2, 1861 and was promoted to Major General on May 14, 1862 after the battle of Shiloh. In May 1863 he was attached to General Joseph E. Johnston in MS and in 1864 received command of Southwest VA. On February 4, 1865 he became Secretary of War for President Jefferson Davis.
     Mary Cyrene BURCH was born on August 16, 1826 in Scott Co., KY. She died on October 8, 1907 in New York, NY, at age 81.
     Children of Gen. John Cabell Breckinridge and Mary Cyrene Burch were as follows:
       632.        i.    Cabell BRECKINRIDGE married U. Johnson.
       633.       ii.    Clifton BRECKINRIDGE.
       634.     iii.    Fanny BRECKINRIDGE.
       635.      iv.    John Witherspoon Owen BRECKINRIDGE.
       636.       v.    Owen BRECKINRIDGE.
       637.      vi.    Mary BRECKINRIDGE.
 
 
334.  William Campbell Preston BRECKINRIDGE (Robert4, John3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on August 28, 1837 in Baltimore, MD. He married Lucretia Hart Clay on March 17, 1859 in “Mansfield”, Lexington, KY. William married Issa Desha on September 19, 1861 in Lexington, KY. He married Louise Rucks Scott, daughter of Robert Wilmot Scott and Elizabeth Watts Brown, circa 1895. He died on November 19, 1904 in Lexington, KY, at age 67.
     William began military service in July 1862 when he enlisted in the 9th KY CAV. He was  promoted to Colonel on December 17, 1862.  He was captured and took the oath of allegiance at Pikesville, NC on May 8, 1865 but was taken prisoner again on May 8, 1865 at Augusta, GA. William  was in the U. S. Congress between 1885 and 1895.
     Lucretia Hart CLAY was born on April 20, 1839. She died in April, 1860.
     There were no children of William Campbell Preston Breckinridge and Lucretia Hart Clay.
     Issa DESHA was born on April 18, 1843 in Georgetown, KY. She died on July 14, 1892 in Washington, D. C, at age 49.
     Children of William Campbell Preston Breckinridge and Issa Desha were as follows:
       657.        i.    Ella D. BRECKINRIDGE.
       658.       ii.    Sophonisba P. BRECKINRIDGE.
       659.     iii.    Desha BRECKINRIDGE.
       660.      iv.    Campbell BRECKINRIDGE.
     Louise Rucks SCOTT was born on May 3, 1845 in “Scotland”, Franklin Co., KY. She married Edward Rumsey Wing on March 17, 1865 in Franklin Co., KY. She died on April 27, 1920 in Buffalo, NY, at age 74.
     There were no children of William Campbell Preston Breckinridge and Louise Rucks Scott.
 
 
365.  Ann Selden WATTS (Elizabeth4Breckinridge, James3, Letitia2Preston, John1) was born on February 13, 1820. She married James Philemon Holcombe on November 4, 1841. She died on May 23, 1888 in Mt. Jackson, WV, at age 68.
     James Philemon HOLCOMBE was born on September 20, 1820 in Powhatan Co., VA. He died on August 22, 1873 in Capon Springs, WV, at age 52. He was a member of the Virginia Convention in 1861. James was a member of the Confederate Congress between 1862 and 1864. He founded “Bellevue,” a school for boys after 1865 in Bedford Co., VA.
     Children of Ann Selden Watts and James Philemon Holcombe were as follows:
       709.        i.    Wlliam J. HOLCOMBE.
       710.       ii.    Elizabeth HOLCOMBE married Sam Bolling.
       711.     iii.    Letitia HOLCOMBE.
       712.      iv.    Edward W. HOLCOMBE.
       713.       v.    Alice W. HOLCOMBE.
       714.      vi.    Cary B. HOLCOMBE.
 
 
419.  William Madison PEYTON (Susan4Madison, Elizabeth3Preston, William2, John1) was born on September 4, 1805 in Montgomery Co., VA. He married Ann Eliza Taylor on March 5, 1827 in Staunton, VA. He died on February 16, 1868 in “Alta Vista”, Roanoke Co., VA, at age 62.
     William lived on January 24, 1846 in Roanoke Co., VA. In 1911 he purchased “Elmwood”, a 7 acre house tract which later became a park of the City of Roanoke, VA.
     Ann Eliza TAYLOR was born in 1807. She died in 1881.
     Children of William Madison Peyton and Ann Eliza Taylor were as follows:
       782.        i.    Elizabeth PEYTON.
       783.       ii.    Susan PEYTON.
       784.     iii.    Sally PEYTON.
       785.      iv.    Agatha PEYTON married Garnett Peyton.
       786.       v.    Garnett PEYTON.
       787.      vi.    William PEYTON.
 
 
587.  Elizabeth BLAIR (Francis4, Elizabeth3Smith, Ann2Preston, John1) was born on June 20, 1818 in Frankfort, KY. She married Samuel Phillips Lee, son of Francis Lightfoot Lee and Jane Fitzgerald, on April 27, 1843 in Washington, D. C. She died on September 13, 1906 in Silver Spring, MD, at age 88.
     Samuel Phillips LEE was born on February 13, 1812 in “Sully”, Fairfax Co., VA. He died on June 5, 1897 in Silver Spring, MD, at age 85. He began military service in 1861 in the Navy and was engaged in the blockade of Charleston, SC and the expedition against New Orleans. On Sep 2, 1862 Samuel was appointed to the command of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
     Children of Elizabeth Blair and Samuel Phillips Lee were:
       788.        i.    Francis Preston Blair LEE, born August 9, 1857 in Silver Spring, MD; married Anne Clymer Brooke.
 

The Scotch-Irish in America
The Prestons of America. By Hon. W. E. Robinson, Brooklyn, N. Y.

John Preston was born in Ireland, in the city of Derry, and emigrated to this country in the year 1740. About fifteen years before leaving Ireland, he married Miss Elizabeth Patton, of the county of Donegal, and had five children, all born in Ireland, with whom, and his excellent wife, and also his brother-in-law, Colonel James Patton, he came to America, and settled in Virginia. Colonel Patton was a man of wealth and worth, and had for some years commanded a merchant ship. He obtained an order of the council of Virginia, under which were appropriated to himself and associates one hundred and twenty thousand acres of the best land above the Blue Ridge in that state, several valuable tracts of which came to his descendants. He was killed by the Indians in 1753.
John Preston was also a wealthy man, but in a severe storm, on his passage to this country, lost much of his property. He obtained a valuable tract of land, called “Robinson’s,” which descended to his son, and, until recently, remained in the family. Others of his family, cousins or nephews, probably, came with him, or soon after his arrival, as we find that his grandchild, Margaret Brown Preston, married a distant relative, son of Robert Preston. His first residence was at Spring Hill, in Augusta county, but in about three years he purchased, and, with his family, settled upon a large tract of land adjoining Staunton, on the north side of the town. In seven years after his arrival in this country, he died, and was buried at Tinkling Spring Meeting-house, a celebrated pioneer place of Presbyterian worship. His wife and five children survived him. Mrs. Preston was a lady of great strength and energy of character, and she managed the plantation upon which she lived, until her distinguished children were all educated, grown up, and married. She then removed to Greenfield, the seat of her son, William Preston, where she died, in the year of the Declaration of Independence, at the age of seventy-six, having survived her husband twenty-nine years.
The children of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton were Letitia, who married Colonel Robert Breckinridge; Margaret, who married Rev. John Brown; William, who married Susanna Smith; Ann, who married Colonel Francis Smith; and Mary, who married John Howard, all of Virginia, from each of whom sprang a race of illustrious Americans, and illustrating the history of a great many of the states of the Union.
Over the grave, at Tinkling Spring Meeting-house, of this Irishman, the founder of so many American families, stands an obelisk with the following inscription:
[West Side.]
To commemorate the virtues of
JOHN PRESTON,
Who was buried here in the year
1747.
[South Side.]
To attest the filial piety of his
DESCENDANTS
In the third and fourth generations,
Of many names and scattered through many states.
[East Side.]
And, more than all, to record
The faithfulness and mercy of God
To the seed of the righteous.
[North side.]
This monument was erected by the
Members of the
PRESTON FAMILY,
In the year of our Lord
1855.
Letitia, his eldest child, married Colonel Robert Breckinridge, of Botetourt county, Virginia, who was also Irish. After the death of her husband, she removed to Kentucky, where she died, in 1798, aged seventy years. She had five children—four sons and one daughter. Her eldest son, William Breckinridge, resided in Fayette county, Kentucky. He married a young lady named Gilham, and had six children. The eldest of these, Robert H. Breckinridge, married Miss Elizabeth Pollard. The second child, John B. Breckinridge, was a merchant in Staunton, Virginia, and left several children. The third child, Elizabeth Breckinridge, married Andrew Calvin, and left several children. The fourth child, Samuel M. Breckinridge, was an officer in the United States navy.
The second child of Letitia Preston and Colonel Robert Breckinridge, John Breckinridge, was a lawyer and statesman of high standing. He was a senator in Congress, and attorney-general of the United States in the cabinet of President Jefferson. He married Miss Mary Hopkins Cabell, of a noted Virginia family, and died in 1806, leaving seven children, great-grandchildren of John Preston. The eldest of these, Letitia Breckinridge, was twice married. Her first husband was Alfred Grayson, who left one son, John B. Grayson, who was an officer in the United States army, and afterward a general officer in the Confederate service. He married Miss C. Searle, of New Orleans, and left a son, John B. Grayson, Jr., who was also an officer in the Confederate service, and was afterward a planter near Gainesville, Alabama. Her second husband was Major-General Peter B. Porter, of Niagara Falls, also Irish, who was offered by President Madison, and declined, the appointment of general-in-chief of the army of the United States, and was secretary of war in the cabinet of President John Quincy Adams. He distinguished himself in the second war, at Chippewa and Lundy’s Lane, for which he received a gold medal from Congress and a sword from the State of New York, and, better than all, a good wife from this old Irish family of Virginia, by whom he had several children, one of whom, Peter A. Porter, was a colonel of New York volunteers, and was killed at the battle of Cold Harbor. This Peter A. Porter married his cousin, Mary Cabell Breckinridge, daughter of Rev. John Breckinridge, the distinguished professor of Princeton College, and granddaughter of Rev. Doctor Miller, president of Princeton College. Another son of Peter B. Porter was Augustus S. Porter, United States senator from Michigan. It will be noticed that this Letitia Breckinridge gave a gallant officer to each side in the recent contest. The second child of this John Breckinridge was Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, speaker of the house of representatives of Kentucky, and secretary of the State of Kentucky. He married Miss Mary C. Smith, daughter of Dr. Smith, president of Princeton College, another Irish-American, and had four children—Frances A., who married Rev. John C. Young, president of Danville College, Kentucky; Caroline L., who married Rev. Joseph J. Bullock, a famous divine of Kentucky, and afterward of Baltimore; Mary Cabell, who married Dr. Thomas P. Satterwhite, of Lexington, Kentucky; and John Cabell Breckinridge, member of Congress and senator from Kentucky, Vice-President of the United States, a major-general and secretary of war of the Confederate states, and a candidate for President of the United States. He married Miss Burch, of Scott county, in Kentucky, and their son, Clifton R. Breckinridge, is the distinguished member of the present Congress from the second district of the State of Arkansas. Of the descendants of this Joseph Cabell Breckinridge are the Routs of Kentucky, the Douglasses of Kentucky, the Crafts of Mississippi, the Bullocks of Kentucky and Maryland, the Satterwhites of Kentucky—the children and children’s children of the great-great-grandchildren of the Irish John Preston. The sixth child of this John Breckinridge was Rev. John Breckinridge. He was twice married, first to the daughter of President Miller, of Princeton College, and second to Agatha M. Babcock, of Connecticut. He had four children—Samuel M. Breckinridge, a lawyer and judge of St. Louis, Missouri, who married Miss Virginia Castleman, of Fayette county, Kentucky, and had a large family; Mary C, who married her cousin, Peter A. Porter, above mentioned; Margaret M., who was distinguished for hospital and other charities during the recent war, who died unmarried; and Agatha M., daughter of his second wife, Miss Babcock. The seventh child of this John Breckinridge was Robert J. Breckinridge, the distinguished theologian of Baltimore. He was thrice married. His first wife was his relative, Miss Sophonisba Preston, daughter of General Francis Preston, sister of William C. Preston, of South Carolina, and grand-niece of Governor Patrick Henry. He had fourteen children, of whom the fifth, Sally C. Breckinridge, married Rev. George Morrison, of Maryland; the sixth, Robert J. Breckinridge, Jr., a lawyer, a colonel in the Confederate army, and member of the Confederate congress, married Miss Kate Morrison, of Lexington, Kentucky. The seventh, Marie L. P. Breckinridge, married Rev. W. C. Handy, of Maryland. The eighth, William C. P. Breckinridge, a lawyer of Lexington, Kentucky, and a colonel in the Confederate army. He is a member of the present Congress, of silver hair and silver tongue, and a notable member of this Scotch-Irish Congress. He was twice married, first to Miss Lucretia Clay, daughter of Thomas H. Clay, and granddaughter of Henry Clay; second, to Miss Issa Desha, daughter of Dr. J. R. Desha, of Lexington, by whom he has several children. The ninth, Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, married Dr. Theophilus Steele, formerly of Woodford county, Kentucky, and afterward of New York City, a major in the Confederate army. The tenth, Joseph C. Breckinridge, a major of artillery in the United States army, married Miss. Dudley, daughter of Dr. Ethelbert L. Dudley, of Lexington. The eleventh, Charles H. Breckinridge, a captain in the United States army. The eighth child of this John Breckinridge was Rev. William L. Breckinridge, for a time president of Danville College, afterward a resident of Missouri. He married Miss Frances C. Prevost, daughter of Judge Prevost, of Louisiana. He had twelve children, of whom Robert J. Breckinridge, a physician in Louisville, married Miss Kate Hunt, daughter of A. D. Hunt, of that city.
The third child of Letitia Preston and Colonel Robert Breckinridge was James Breckinridge, a lawyer in Virginia, a member of the legislature of Virginia, and a member of Congress from that state from 1809 to 1817. He married Miss Ann Seidell, and had ten children, of whom the eldest child, Letitia Breckinridge, married Colonel Robert Gamble, of Richmond, Virginia, afterward of Tallahassee, Florida, and had nine children: (1) Catharine Gamble, who married John S. Sheppard, of Florida, and left children and grandchildren, named Sheppard and Beard; (2) James B. Gamble, who was twice married, first to his cousin, Miss Mary S. Watts, and, second, to Miss ,T. Rosetta Morris, of New York; (3) Cary B. Gamble, who resided in Cambridge, Maryland, married Miss Shaw, of Florida, and was a surgeon in the Confederate service; (4) Letitia Gamble, who married, first, Louis P. Holliday, and, second, C. H. Latrobe, of Baltimore; (5) Edward W. Gamble, an artillery officer in the Confederate army; and, (6), Robert B. Gamble, of Tallahassee, Florida, a captain of artillery in the Confederate army, who married Miss Chavis, of Florida. The second child of James Breckinridge, Elizabeth, married General Edward Watts, a lawyer, and speaker of the Virginia legislature. She had ten children, the third one of whom, William Watts, was a member of the constitutional convention of Virginia, and a colonel of infantry in the Confederate army, who married a daughter of Judge J. J Allen, of Virginia; the fourth, Ann S. Watts, married Hon. J. P. Holcombe, of Bedford county, Virginia, who was a distinguished lawyer and one of the diplomatic agents of the Confederate states; the seventh, Letitia G. Watts, who married, first, Dr. Landon Rives, of Cincinnati, and, second, Dr. F. Sorrel, of Savannah, medical inspector of the Confederate army, resident of Roanoke county, Virginia ; the eighth, Alice M. Watts, who married, first, Dr. George W. Morris, and, second, Judge William J. Robertson, of Charlotte-ville, Virginia; and the ninth, Emma G. Watts, who married Colonel George W. Carr, of the United States and Confederate army.
The third child of James Breckinridge, Cary Breckinridge, married Miss Gilmer, and had nine children, of whom the second, Gilmer Breckinridge, married Miss Julia Anthony, of Botetourt county, Virginia, and was a captain in the Confederate army, and fell in battle ; the third, James Breckinridge, married Miss Burwell, of Bedford county, Virginia, was an officer in the Confederate army, and fell in battle; the fourth, Cary Breckinridge, was a colonel of cavalry in the Confederate army, and married Miss Virginia Caldwell, of Greenbrier county, Virginia; and the seventh, John, was an officer in the Confederate army, killed in battle, and unmarried.
The fifth child of James Breckinridge, Matilda, married H. M. Bowyer, of Botetourt county, Virginia, and had eight children, of whom the fourth, Mary Ann Bowyer, married William Penn; the sixth, Woodville Bowyer, was an officer in the Confederate service, and fell in battle; and the seventh, Edward Bowyer, died a surgeon in the Confederate service.
The fourth child of Letitia Preston and Colonel Robert Breckinridge, Elizabeth Breckinridge, married Colonel Samuel Meredith, of Amherst, Virginia, afterward of Fayette county, Kentucky, who was a nephew of Patrick Henry. She had five daughters, the second of whom, Letitia P. Meredith, married Colonel W. S. Dallam, of Baltimore, afterward of Kentucky; the fourth, Elizabeth Meredith, married James Coleman, of Fayette county, Kentucky, and had eight children.
Margaret, the second child of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton, married the Rev. John Brown, a graduate of Princeton, and a distinguished Presbyterian minister of Virginia and Kentucky. She and her husband removed from Virginia to Kentucky, where they died, she in 1802 and he in 1803. They had seven children who reached maturity, of whom the eldest, Elizabeth Brown, married Rev. Thomas B. Craighead, a well known Presbyterian minister of Tennessee, and had seven children. Their eldest child, John B. Craighead, was a planter in Iberville, Louisiana, and married, first, Mrs. Jane Dickerson, daughter of Colonel Joseph Erwin, of Louisiana, and, second, Mrs. Beck, daughter of General James Robertson.
The second child of Margaret Preston and Rev. John Brown, John, was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, was a lawyer and statesman, represented Kentucky as a district of Virginia in the Virginia legislature, and in Congress, in the old Congress, 1787-8. He was the first senator in Congress from Kentucky, and was twice elected United States senator. He was a warm personal friend of Thomas Jefferson. He married Miss Margaretta, daughter of the Rev. John Mason, and sister of Rev. John M. Mason, the illustrious Presbyterian minister of New York. They had two sons, Mason and Orlando. Mason Brown was a judge and secretary of state of Kentucky. He married, first, Miss Judith A., daughter of Hon. Jesse Bledsoe, and, second, Miss Mary, daughter of Captain Jacob Yoder, of Spencer county, Kentucky. His son, Benjamin Gratz Brown, of Missouri, great-great-grandson of John Preston, was senator from Missouri, and Democratic candidate for vice-president on the ticket with Horace Greeley, another Irish-American. John Mason Brown, son of Mason Brown, a prominent lawyer of Lexington, married Mary Owen, daughter of Major-General William Preston, of Louisville. Mary Y. Brown, daughter of Mason Brown, married W. T. Scott, of Lexington, a colonel of Kentucky volunteers in the United States army. The other son of John Brown and Margaretta Mason, Orlando Brown, lawyer and journalist, married, first, his cousin, Mary W. Brown, and, second, Mary C. Brodhead, formerly Miss Price. By his first wife he had three children, one of whom, Mason P., was for some time treasurer of Kentucky, and Orlando, Jr., a lieutenant-colonel of Kentucky volunteers in the United States army, and farmer near Frankfort.
The fourth child of Margaret Preston and Rev. John Brown was Mary, who married Dr. Alexander Humphreys, of Staunton, Virginia, and after her husband’s death removed to Kentucky with her family of seven children. Her son, John B. Humphreys, married Miss Kenner, of Louisiana, and left six children.
The fifth child of Margaret Preston and Rev. John Brown, James Brown, was a lawyer, and first secretary of state of Kentucky, went to Louisiana, and was for many years senator of the United States from that state, was United States minister to the court of France. He married Ann Hart, daughter of Colonel Thomas Hart and sister to Mrs. Henry Clay, of Kentucky. He died at Philadelphia, and, differing from most of his kindred, left no descendants.
The sixth child of Margaret Preston and Rev. John Brown, Samuel Brown, was a distinguished practitioner and professor of medicine, married Miss Percy, of Alabama. His son, James P. Brown, a lawyer and planter in Mississippi, married Miss Campbell, of Nashville, Tennessee. His son, George Campbell Brown, married Miss Susan, daughter of General Lucius Polk, of Tennessee. Susan P. Brown, the daughter of this Samuel Brown, married Charles Ingersoll, of Philadelphia, and his daughters, Adele, Ann W., Betty, and Kate M. P. Ingersoll, married respectively, John M. Thomas, a Philadelphia lawyer, Dr. James H. Hutchinson, of Philadelphia, Arthur Armory, of Boston and New York, and Dr. Francis Maury, formerly of Kentucky and afterward of Philadelphia.
William, the third child and only son of John Preston, of Ireland, was born in Ireland, and was eight years of age when his parents brought him to this country. He became a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, and was county lieutenant of Fincastle and Montgomery. He was a zealous rebel in the Revolution. He married Miss Susanna Smith, of Hanover county, Virginia, daughter of Francis Smith and Elizabeth Waddy. He left eleven children, each of whom became the ancestor of a noble race of men and women. I mention them in the order of their age:
First child, Elizabeth Preston, married William S. Madison, who died during the Revolutionary War, and left two daughters, Susanna Madison and Agatha Strother Madison. Susanna married John Howe Peyton, an eminent lawyer of Staunton, Virginia, and their son, William Madison Peyton, married Miss Sallie Taylor, and had eight children, of whom Susan M. Peyton married Joseph Howard White, and, afterward, Colonel Washington, of North Carolina, Sally T. Peyton married Thomas Read, and, afterward, Dr. James T. L. White, of Abingdon, Virginia; Agatha Garnett Peyton married Walter Preston, of Abingdon, who became a member of the Confederate Congress. Agatha Strother Madison, the second daughter of Elizabeth Preston and William S. Madison, married Garnett Peyton, brother to John Howe Peyton, her sister’s husband, who was an officer in Wayne’s Campaign, and, afterward, a farmer. Among her children were Benjamin Howard Peyton, who married Mrs. Ellis, daughter of Colonel William Mumford, of Richmond, Virginia, and William Preston Peyton, who married Miss Mumford, of Richmond, and afterward resided in Missouri.
Second child, John Preston, was a member of the Virginia legislature, and for many years treasurer of that state. He married, first, Miss Mary Radford, of Richmond, Virginia, and, second, Mrs. Mayo, formerly Miss Carrington. He had six children: William R. Preston, who married Miss Elizabeth Cabell, of Lynchburg, and removed to Missouri. His children, three sons and seven daughters, intermarried with the Tallys, Randolphs, Williamsons, and Des Meux. This John Preston’s third child, Eliza M., married Charles Johnston, a lawyer and member of Congress from Virginia, 1801-2. Their son, J. Preston Johnston, fell at Cherubusco, in the Mexican War. The fifth child of this John Preston, Sarah Preston, married Henry Bowyer, of Rockbridge, Virginia; one of their children, Thomas M. Bowyer, was a major in the Confederate service, and his sister, Sarah L. Bowyer, married Dr. Meredith, of Richmond, Virginia. This John Preston’s sixth child, Edward C. Preston, married Miss Hawkins, of Kentucky. His son, Edward C. Preston, Jr., was a planter, in St. Laundry county, Louisiana.
Third child, Francis Preston, was a lawyer, a member of the Virginia legislature, a congressman from that state (1793-7), a brigadier-general in the War of 1812. He married Miss Sarah B. Campbell, daughter of General William Campbell, another Irish-American, who commanded at King’s Mountain, and a niece of Patrick Henry. He had ten children, illustrious in themselves and their children: (1) William C. Preston, the great advocate and matchless orator of South Carolina, senator from South Carolina, and president of her University. He was twice married; first, to Miss Mary C. Coalter, and second, to Miss L. P. Davis. His children all died in infancy or unmarried. (2) Eliza Henry Preston, married General Edward C. Carrington, an officer of distinction in the War of 1812. Her three sons distinguished themselves in the last war; one on the Union side, and two in the Confederate service. Edward C. Carrington, who was captain in the Mexican War and brigadier-general in the Union army, was a lawyer, a member of the Virginia Legislature, and United States attorney for the District of Columbia. Her second son, William Campbell Preston Carrington, was a lawyer in St. Louis, a major in the Confederate service, several times brevetted for gallantry, and fell in battle at Baker’s Creek, near Vicksburg. Her third son, James McDowell Carrington, was a lawyer, resident in Charlottesville, and an officer of artillery in the Confederate service. (3) Susan L. Preston, married her cousin, James McDowell, also Irish; member of Congress and governor of Virginia, as we shall see immediately. (4) Sally Buchanan Preston, married her cousin, John B. Floyd, governor of Virginia. (5) Sophonisba, married her relative, Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, whose distinguished family is already mentioned. (6) Maria T. C. Preston, married John M. Preston, a merchant, of Smith county, Virginia, and left two sons, who married into the families of Cochran and Woodson, and had each several children. (7) Charles H. C. Preston, married Miss Beall. (8) John S. Preston, a member of the South Carolina Legislature, and a brigadier-general in the Confederate army, married Miss Caroline, daughter of General Wade Hampton, Sr., of South Carolina. (9) Thomas L. Preston, married, first, his relative, Miss Elizabeth Watts, and, second, Miss Ann Sanders. (10) Margaret B. Preston, married Wade Hampton, lieutenant-general in the Confederate service, and governor of South Carolina; and her (Mrs. Wade Hampton’s) daughter married Major James Haskell, of South Carolina; and her son, Thomas P. Hampton, an officer in the Confederate service, fell in battle.
Fourth child of William Preston, Sarah, married Colonel James McDowell, of Rockbridge county, Virginia, who was an officer in the War of 1812. She left two daughters and a son. The eldest daughter, Susan S. McDowell, married William Taylor, of Alexandria, Virginia, a lawyer and member of Congress from Virginia, and had six children and numerous grandchildren. One of these six children married John B. Weller, member of Congress from Ohio (1839-45), United States senator from California, governor of California, and United States minister to Mexico. The second daughter of Sarah Preston, Elizabeth McDowell, married Thomas Hart Benton, the illustrious senator from Missouri, who held a continuous term of thirty years in the United States Senate. She had six children, of whom the first, Eliza P., married William Cary Jones, a lawyer, of New Orleans; the second, Jessie, married Major-General John C. Fremont, the distinguished explorer, and the first Republican candidate for President of the United States; the third, Sarah, married Richard T. Jacob, a colonel of United States volunteers, a member of the legislature, and lieutenant-governor of Kentucky; and the sixth, Susan V., married Baron Gauldree Boilleau, French minister to Peru, etc.; and most of them leaving numerous children, some of whom are in the army and navy. The son of this Sarah Preston and Colonel James McDowell, was James McDowell; born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, 1796; graduated at Princeton, 1817; governor of Virginia, 1842-5; and member of Congress, 1845-51. He married his cousin, Susan, daughter of General Francis Preston, and left nine children, of whom the first, James McDowell, was a physician, resident in Paris, France, married to Miss Elizabeth Brant, of St. Louis; the second, Sally C. McDowell, married Governor Francis Thomas, of Maryland, and, afterward, Rev. John Miller, of Petersburg, Virginia; the third, Mary B. McDowell, married Rev. Mr. Ross, of Bladensburg; the fifth, Sophonisba McDowell, married Colonel J. W. Massie, of the Virginia Military Institute; the sixth, Susan P. McDowell, married Major Charles S. Carrington; the seventh, Margaret Canty McDowell, married Charles S. Venable, of the University of Virginia; and the eighth, Thomas L. McDowell, married Miss Constance Warwick, of Powhatan, Virginia, and died in the Confederate service.
The fifth child, William Preston, was a captain in General Wayne’s army. He married Miss Caroline Hancock, of Virginia, and resided in Louisville, Kentucky. He had six children: (1) Henrietta Preston, who married Albert Sidney Johnston, at that time an officer of the United States army, afterward a general in Texas, and perhaps the ablest general in the Confederate service. His eldest son, William Preston Johnston, great-great-grandson of John Preston, a colonel in the Confederate service, and confidential aide to President Jefferson Davis, and a professor in Washington College, Virginia, married to Miss Rosa Duncan, of Natchez, and father of numerous children, has recently published a very interesting biography of his illustrious father. (2) Maria Preston, who married John Pope, of Louisville. (3) Caroline Preston, who married Colonel Abram Woolley, of the United States army. (4) Josephine Preston, who married Captain Jason Rogers, of the United States army.’ Her son, William Preston Rogers, married Miss Sophia L. Ranney, of Louisville. Her daughter, Susan Rogers, married J. Watson Barr, a lawyer, of Louisville. Her second son, Sidney Johnston Rogers, married Miss Belle, daughter of T. Y. Brent, of Louisville; and her second daughter, Maria P. Rogers, married her relative, Dr. Thomas P. Satterwhite. (5) William Preston, an eminent lawyer and distinguished statesman and soldier, member of the constitutional convention of Kentucky, lieutenant-colonel in the Mexican war, member of Congress from Kentucky, United States minister to the court of Spain, and major-general in the Confederate army. He married his relative, Miss Margaret, daughter of Robert Wickliffe, of Kentucky. His eldest daughter, Mary Owens, married her relative, John Mason Brown, lawyer of Louisville. His second daughter married Robert A. Thornton, a lawyer of Lexington, Kentucky. And (6) Susan Preston, who married, first, Howard Christy, of St. Louis, and second, H. P. Hepburn, of San Francisco.
The sixth child of William Preston, son of John Preston, Susanna Preston, married Nathaniel Hart, of Woodford county, Kentucky, and left five daughters and two sous. Her eldest daughter, Sarah S. Hart, married Colonel George C. Thompson, of Mercer county, Kentucky, member of the legislature of Kentucky and its speaker, and Colonel Thompson’s children and grandchildren intermarried with the Vances, of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana, and Martins of Louisville. The second daughter, Letitia P. Hart, married Arthur H. Wallace, and her children intermarried with the Alexanders, Edwards, Taylors, and Dades, of Kentucky. The third daughter, Louisiana B. Hart, married Tobias Gibson, of Live Oak plantation, Terrebonne parish, Louisiana, and left eight children, of whom (1) Sarah H. Gibson married her relative, Joseph A. Humphreys, of Woodford county, Kentucky. (2) Randall Lee Gibson, born at his grandfather’s residence in Kentucky while his parents were on a visit from Louisiana, graduated at Yale College, entered the Confederate service as a private, and fought up to the command of a company, a regiment, a brigade, and a division. Has been a member of Congress and United States senator since 1875; and married Miss Mary Montgomery, of New York. (3) William Preston Gibson, a surgeon in the Confederate service, married his relative, Miss Elodie Humphreys. (4) Hart Gibson, a member of the Kentucky legislature, a captain in the Confederate service, married Miss Mary Duncan, of Lexington, Kentucky. (5) Claude Gibson died while a captain in the Confederate service. (6) Tobias Gibson, Jr., also a captain in the Confederate service. (7) McKinley Gibson, likewise a captain in the Confederate service. The fourth daughter of Susanna Preston and Nathaniel Hart, Mary Howard Hart, married William Voorhees, whose children intermarried with the families of Sanders, Brand, and Duncan, of Kentucky and California, and one of them, Gordon Voorhees, was in the Confederate service and fell in battle. The youngest daughter, Virginia Hart, married Alfred Shelby and afterward Dr. R. J. Breckinridge, leaving children by both husbands.
The seventh child of William Preston, James Patton Preston, was a member of the Virginia legislature, a colonel in the United States army, and governor of Virginia. He married Miss Ann Taylor, of Norfolk, Virginia, and left three sons and three daughters. The eldest son, William Ballard Preston, was secretary of the navy in President Taylor’s cabinet, member of Congress from Virginia, 1847-49, and was a senator in the Confederate Congress. He married Miss Lucy Redd, and had six children. The second son of James P. Preston, Robert Taylor Preston, married Miss Hart, of South Carolina, and had three children. He was a colonel in the Confederate army. The third son, James P. Preston, Jr., was a colonel in the Confederate army. And the youngest daughter, Jane Grace Preston, married Judge George Gilmer.
The eighth child of William Preston, Mary Preston, married John Lewis, of Sweet Springs, Virginia, and had six daughters and three sons. Her eldest daughter, Susan Lewis, married Henry Massie, of Virginia, and had five children, of whom Susan C. Massie married Rev. Frank Stanley, of North Carolina. Mary Massie married John Hampden Pleasants, the distinguished editor of the Richmond Whig. His son, James Pleasants, was a lawyer of Richmond, and his daughter, the wife of Douglas H. Gordon, of Baltimore. Eugenia Massie married Colonel Samuel Gatewood, of Bath county, Virginia. Her children intermarried with the Goodes and Taliaferros (pronounced Tolover) of Virginia and Texas. Henry Massie, of the University of Virginia, married Miss Susan Smith, of South Carolina, and had six children, one of whom married her cousin, James Pleasants, of Richmond. The second daughter of Mary Preston and John Lewis, Mary Lewis, married James Woodville, a lawyer of Botetourt, Virginia. Her son, James Woodville, a physician of Monroe county, West Virginia, married his relative, Mary Ann, daughter of Cary Breckinridge, and had six children. The third daughter, Ann M. Lewis, married John Howe Peyton, of Staunton, Virginia, and left ten children, who intermarried with the Washingtons, Baldwins, Telfairs, Grays, Cochrans, and Browns, of South Carolina, Virginia, and Ohio. The fourth daughter, Margaret L. Lewis, married John Cochran, of Charlotteville, and had eight children, of whom John L. Cochran was a lawyer and a captain in the Confederate army ; James C. Cochran married Miss Elizabeth Brooke; Henry K. Cochran became a physician ; Howe Peyton Cochran, a captain in the Confederate army, who married his cousin, Miss Nannie Carrington; William L. Cochran, an officer in the Confederate army; and Mary Preston Cochran, who married Captain John M. Preston, of Smith county, Virginia. The second son of Mary Preston and John Lewis, William L. Lewis, married first Miss Stuart, of South Carolina, and afterward his cousin, Letitia P. Floyd, and had eight children, of whom James S. Lewis was a physician in Florida, married Miss Owens of that state.
The ninth child of William Preston, Letitia Preston, married John Floyd, then of Kentucky, but returned to Virginia, and was congressman from Virginia from 1817 to 1829—twelve years—and governor of Virginia from 1829 to 1834. She had seven children ; the eldest was John B. Floyd, who married his cousin, Sally B., daughter of General Francis Preston; was governor of Virginia, secretary of war in President Buchanan’s cabinet, and a general in the Confederate army. The second, William Preston Floyd, was a physician; the fourth, Benjamin R. Floyd, a lawyer, married Miss Nancy Matthews, of Wytheville, Virginia. His daughter, Malvinia Floyd, married Peter Otey, a major in the Confederate service. The fifth, Letitia P. Floyd, married her cousin, William L. Lewis, of Sweet Springs. Her daughters, Susan M. and Letitia Lewis, married Alfred Frederick, of South Carolina, and Thomas L. P. Cocke, of Cumberland, Virginia. The sixth, Lavellette Floyd, married George F. Holmes, of Durham, England, and professor of belles-lettres in the University of Virginia, and had five children. The seventh, Nickettie Floyd, married John W. Johnston, a lawyer of Abingdon, Virginia, and United States senator of Virginia from 1870. She had nine children at the time of her husband’s first election to the senate.
The tenth child of William Preston, Thomas Lewis Preston, was a lawyer, a member of the Virginia legislature, and a major in the War of 1812. He married Miss Edmonia, daughter of Edmond Randolph, who was an uncompromising rebel in 1776, a delegate to the Continental Congress, 1779-83, a member of the convention that formed the United States constitution, 1787, governor of Virginia in 1788, and in 1789-94 was Attorney-General of the United States and Secretary of State in the cabinet of Washington. Thomas Lewis Preston had two children, Elizabeth K. and John Thomas L. The former married William A. Cocke, of Cumberland, Virginia, and had four sons, the eldest of whom, William A., fell at the battle of Gettysburg. The latter was a colonel in the Confederate army, and professor in the Virginia Military Institute. He married, first, Miss Sally Caruthers, of Lexington, Virginia, and, second, Miss Margaret Junkin, of the same place, and had nine children, one of whom, Rev. Thomas Lewis Preston, married Miss Lucy Waddell, a relative, I presume, of the celebrated blind preacher of Virginia, who was an Irishman, and of Alfred M. Waddell, member of congress from Alabama, and Chairman of the Committee on Post-Offices and Post Roads, and another, William C. Preston, was killed in the Confederate army.
The eleventh and youngest child of this William Preston, the Irish father of innumerable American celebrities, Margaret Brown Preston, married Colonel John Preston, of Walnut Grove, Virginia, who was the son of Robert Preston, a distant relative. She had fourteen children, nine sons and five daughters, leaving numerous and distinguished descendants. Their fourteenth child, Henry Preston, left ten children.
Ann, the third daughter and fourth child of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton, was born in Ireland and married in Virginia to Francis Smith, of that state. She afterward removed to Kentucky, and there died at an advanced age. She left two sons and four daughters. Her first child, Elizabeth Smith, married James Blair, a lawyer, and attorney-general of the State of Kentucky. His forefathers, I presume, were also Irish. They had four children, the eldest of whom was Francis P. Blair, Sr., the distinguished journalist, editor of the Washington Globe, the organ of General Jackson. He married Miss Eliza, daughter of General Nathaniel Gist, and had four children, of whom Montgomery Blair was Postmaster General in President Lincoln’s Cabinet. He married, first, Caroline Buckner, of Virginia, and, second, Elizabeth, daughter of Levi Woodbury, governor of New Hampshire, senator in Congress, 1825-31, 1841-5 Secretary of the Navy under President Jackson, and Secretary of the Treasury under President Van Buren, and Judge of Supreme Court of the United States. Of the five children of Montgomery Blair, the eldest, Elizabeth, married General Comstock, of the United States army. The second child of Francis P. Blair, Sr., James Blair, a lieutenant in the United States navy, married Miss Mary, daughter of General Thomas Jessup, of the United States army, and had three children. The third, Francis P. Blair, Jr., married his cousin, Appoline Alexander, was a lawyer, a member of Congress, and senator from Missouri, a major-general in the Union army, and Democratic candidate for vice-president on the ticket with Horatio Seymour, receiving over two million seven hundred thousand votes. He left six children, one of whom is an officer in the United States navy. The youngest child of Francis P. Blair, Sr., was Elizabeth Blair, who married S. P. Lee, admiral in the United States Navy. The second child of Elizabeth Smith and James Blair was William Blair, captain in the United States army. He married Miss Hannah Craig, and his son, Patrick M. Blair, a lawyer in Illinois, married Miss Harriet M. Hall, of Derbyshire, England. The third child of Elizabeth Smith and James Blair was Susannah Blair, who married, first, Abram Ward, and afterward Job Stevenson, and her fourth child married Nathan Speer, and their only child, Elizabeth Blair Speer, married, first, John Coleman, of Memphis, and, afterward, Prof. Fisher, of Fulton, Missouri. The second child of Ann Preston and Francis Smith, John Smith, married Miss Chenoe, daughter of Nathaniel Hart, a Kentucky pioneer. She was the first white child born in Kentucky, and her name, Chenoe, is Indian for Kentucky. They had seven children, the eldest of whom, William Preston Smith, took, by legislative enactment, the name of Preston, married Miss Hebe Grayson, and was a farmer in Henderson county, Kentucky. His daughter married H. Harrison, of Lexington, Kentucky, and Chicago, Illinois.
The fifth child of John Smith and Chenoe Hart, Sarah Smith, married Rev. A. W. Young, of Memphis, and her son, John Preston Young, was a lawyer in that city. The third child of Ann Preston and Francis Smith, Susannah Smith, married William Trigg, of Frankfort, Kentucky, son of Colonel Stephen Trigg, a noted pioneer of Kentucky, who was killed at the battle of Blue Licks. Their fourth child, Jane Smith, married George Madison, governor of Kentucky, and their child, Myra Madison, married Andrew Alexander, of Woodford county, the eldest of whose four children, Appoline Alexander, married Major-General Francis P. Blair. The fourth child, Andrew J. Alexander, was a brigadier-general of volunteers, and a major in the regular army. The fifth child of Ann Preston and Francis Smith, William P. Smith, was a captain in the United States army. The sixth child, Agatha Smith, married Dr. Lewis Marshall, of Woodford county, and had seven children: (1) Thomas F. Marshall, graduated at Yale College; was judge of a Louisville court, and was the celebrated orator and member of Congress from Kentucky, 1841-3.
He fought a duel with James Watson Webb, in which the latter was wounded. (2) William L. Marshall, a lawyer of Baltimore, married Miss Lee, of Virginia. (5) Alexander K. Marshall, was a member of Congress from Kentucky, 1855-7; married Miss McDowell, of Jessamine county, Kentucky. (6) Agatha Marshall, married Caleb Logan, chancellor of Kentucky, and had five daughters. (7) Edward C. Marshall, was member of Congress from California, 1851-3; married Miss Josephine Chalfant, of Cincinnati, and had three children.
Mary, the fourth daughter, and fifth and youngest child, of John Preston and Elizabeth Patton, married John Howard, of Virginia. She had five children.
The first child, Elizabeth Howard, married Edward Payne, of Fayette county, Ky. Among their children were Edward C. Payne, a lawyer and farmer, of Kentucky; Daniel McCarty Payne, a lawyer, of Lexington, Kentucky, who had eleven children, one of whom, John Breckinridge Payne, was also a lawyer in Lexington, and another of whom, Mary Payne, married J. H. Neville, professor of Greek in the University of Kentucky. Another son of Elizabeth Howard and Edward Payne, John Breckinridge Payne, a physician, in Fayette county, Kentucky, married Miss Elizabeth Montgomery, by whom he had four children, one of whom, Victoria A. Payne, married William Owsley Goodloe.
The second child of Mary Preston and John Howard, Mary Howard, married Alexander Parker, of Lexington, Kentucky; one of their children, Mary W. Parker, married Thomas T. Crittenden, circuit judge and secretary of state of Kentucky. They had six children. The eldest, Mary Crittenden, married Tod Robinson, a judge of the supreme court of California, and she had eight children, of whom the eldest, Mary Robinson, married Felix Mercado, of San Francisco. Cornelius Robinson was a lawyer in that city. The second child of Mary W. Parker and Thomas T. Crittenden, Alexander Parker Crittenden, was a lawyer of San Francisco, whose daughter, Laura Crittenden, married Mr. Sanchez, of San Francisco, and whose son, James L. Crittenden, was a lawyer in New York City. The third child of Mary W. Parker and T. T. Crittenden, called after his father, Thomas T. Crittenden, was a brigadier-general in the United States army ; was a lawyer at Washington, and member of Congress from Missouri.
The fourth child of Mary Preston and John Howard, Benjamin Howard, married in the family of Mason, of Virginia. He was a member of Congress from Kentucky, 1807-10; governor of the territory of Indiana, 1810; and brigadier-general in the United States army in the War of 1812. He was also governor of Missouri territory.
The fifth child of Mary Preston and John Howard, Margaret Howard, married Robert Wickliffe, the distinguished lawyer and statesman of Kentucky. They had seven children, of whom the eldest, Sally Howard Wickliffe, married Aaron K. Woolley, a circuit judge and member of the Kentucky legislature. They had eight children, of whom the eldest, Robert W. Woolley, a lawyer in Louisville, was secretary of the United States legation to Spain, and colonel in the Confederate army. The fifth child of Margaret Howard and Robert Wickliffe, Mary H. Wickliffe, married John Preston formerly of Arkansas, and afterward of Trimble county; and their youngest child, Margaret H. Wickliffe, married her cousin, William Preston, of Louisville, member of Congress and United States minister to Spain; and his daughter, Mary Owen Preston, married her relative, John Mason Brown, the eminent lawyer of Louisville.
This is a wonderful record of one Irish family, and there were other families from the same country of not much less importance, if their records were as carefully examined : and what has been done to describe and preserve these records? The arrival of John Preston in America was scarcely second in importance to the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Did the Plymouth colony give us as many senators, and governors, and generals, and cabinet officers, and distinguished divines, and eminent teachers as did this single emigrant from Derry? Yet, what do we know of his arrival? From what port in Ireland did he sail? What was the name of his ship? to what port in America did she come? What was the date of his departure from Ireland, and of his arrival in America ? What were the names of the passengers and of the officers of the ship? I doubt very much if his distinguished great-great-grandson, the eloquent congressman from Kentucky, could answer any of these questions. This should not be so, and this society should see to it that this ignorance shall not continue.
This Preston family was a southern family of old Virginia and Kentucky, and therefore it is not surprising that it furnished so many brave and impetuous officers to the Confederate army; but love of the Union was warm in the hearts of many of its members, conspicuous among whom were the Browns, and Blairs, and Carringtons, of southern states, as well as the Porters, of the northern section.
Its members were generally Democrats, and firm friends of Jefferson and Jackson, It formulated “The Resolutions of 98.” They were almost all Presbyterians, and some of them violent controversionalists, who had measured pens, if not swords, with two of the most illustrious prelates of their Catholic countrymen, Archbishop Hughes, of New York, and Bishop England, of South Carolina.
They were generally persons of great talent and thoroughly educated; of large brain and magnificent physique. The men were brave and gallant, and the women accomplished and fascinating and incomparably beautiful. There was no aristocracy in America that did not eagerly open its veins for the infusion of this Irish blood; and the families of Washington, and Randolph, and Patrick Henry, and Henry Clay, and the Hamptons, Wickliffes, Mashalls, Peytons, Cabells, Crit-tendens, and Ingersolls felt proud of their alliances with this noble Irish family.
They were governors, and senators, and members of Congress, and presidents of colleges, and eminent divines, and brave generals from Virginia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, California, Ohio, New York, Indiana, and South Carolina. There were four governors of old Virginia. They were members of the cabinets of Jefferson, and Taylor, and Buchanan, and Lincoln. They had major-generals and brigadier-generals by the dozen; members of the Senate and House of Representatives by the score ; and gallant officers in the army and navy by the hundred. They furnished three of the recent Democratic candidates for vice-president of the United States. They furnished to the Union army General B. Gratz Brown, General Francis P. Blair, General Andrew J. Alexander, General Edward C. Carrington, General Thomas T. Crittenden, Colonel Peter A. Porter, Colonel John M. Brown, and other gallant officers. To the southern army they gave Major-General John C. Breckinridge, Major-General William Preston, General Randall Lee Gibson, General John B. Floyd, General John B. Grayson, Colonel Robert J. Breckinridge, Colonel W. P. C. Breckinridge, Colonel William Watts, Colonel Cary Breckinridge, Colonel William Preston Johnston, aide to Jefferson Davis, with other colonels, majors, captains, and surgeons, fifty of them at least the bravest of the brave, sixteen of them dying on the field of battle, and all of them, and more than I can enumerate, children of this one Irish emigrant from the county of Derry, whose relatives are still prominent in that part of Ireland, one of whom was recently mayor of Belfast.
The sons of this family, in marriage alliances, seldom looked at a family in which there was not a governor or a cabinet officer; and the daughters seldom looked below a major-general or a United States senator; and, frequently, when they could find nothing to suit them in the proudest families of the land, they selected from their own stock, cousins and other relatives who were themselves, or their children, destined to be members of Congress, senators of the United States, ministers plenipotentiary, vice-presidents, cabinet officers, and professors and presidents of colleges, judges, pulpit orators, editors, chancellors, orators, and statesmen. And it is worthy of repetition, that a daughter of this family, Miss Taylor, married John B. Weller, member of Congress from Ohio, United States minister to Mexico, United States senator, and governor of California. Another daughter, Elizabeth McDowell, married Senator Benton, of Missouri. Another daughter, Jessie Benton, married General John C. Fremont. And another daughter, Miss Letitia Breckinridge, married Peter B. Porter, a distinguished member of Congress from New York, a commissioner under the “Treaty of Ghent,” major-general in chief of the troops of New York in the second war with England, and was appointed by President Madison, but declined, as commander-in-chief of the United States army. And this daughter of the Irish Preston family, to cap the climax of the victories of her sisters, took Niagara Falls as part of her marriage portion.

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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