Patriotic American School of Economics

“On December 6, 1797, the State Legislator of South Carolina passed an Act that called for the building of a Canal that would make the Saluda River navigable as far as the Old Indian Boundary Line. Samuel Rosamond was made a Commissioner for
this project. He and his family would come to own many acres of land in what was once Cherokee land.”

After defeating the army of The King of the Church of England, where Jesus is worshipped till this day (because Jesus loves his Brits) Samuel Rosamond was made Commissioner of the greatest Back to Work Program and Taxation of We The People a Free Nation had ever known. My ancsestors did not lounge around drinking mint julips (and polishing their pistols) as they watched their slaves work. Nor did my kinsfolk run around in a coon skin cap shooting squirrels while clutching their Bibles – verses getting a Real Job. Samuel built a Canal so farm goods could get to the market. He helped build and maintain roads to get to these canals. The State Legislator of South Carolina may have been the model for Hamilton’s American School of Economics, and Clays vision for a Better America – that in part was based upon FOREIGN IDEAS borrowed from Europe – and not the Holy Captitalist Domain of King Jesus at Fort Knox where his greedy sheep line up for the return of their Taxes!

It’s time to return to earth and throw these loons out of MY PARTY co-founded by my kinsfolks (and not King Jesus) John Fremont and Jessie Benton seen in the photo above. They are kin to Samuel Rosamond – True Patriot! These folks are not fanciful sky gods!

John The Highwayman

Ninety-Six District Regiment
1777
1782
A Captain under Col. Robert Anderson at Siege of Ninety-Six (1781) (Upper Ninety-Six District Regiment).  A Lieutenant under Capt. Adam Crain Jones during 1782.  Also at battle of Kettle Creek (GA). Aka Samuel Roseman.

The American School of economics represented the legacy of Alexander Hamilton, who in his Report on Manufactures, argued that the U.S. could not become fully independent until it was self-sufficient in all necessary economic products. Hamilton rooted this economic system, in part, in the successive regimes of Colbert’s France and Elizabeth I’s England, while rejecting the harsher aspects of mercantilism, such as seeking colonies for markets. As later defined by Senator Henry Clay who became known as the Father of the American System because of his impassioned support thereof, the American System was to unify the nation north to south, east to west, and city to farmer.[

William Hume12 Hart (Andrew Searle11, George Vaughan Ledwich10, John9, George8, Henry7, George6, Henry5, John4, John3, Thomas2, Unknown John1) was born 19 September 1852, and died 28 May 1884 in At sea of Teneriffe, Canary Island.  He married Margaret Adelaide Preston 1876, daughter of John Preston.  She was born 1852, and died 22 May 1877 in Dublin, Ireland.

No. 1690. ^^ ACT roil orFNiM; rnr. Navigation of Saltida Rivf.ii.

I. Be it enacted by the honorable the Senate and House of F{ep-
rcsentativeB, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the
authority of tho same. That Godfrey Drchr, Thomas Willoughby Waters,

OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 323

Oswell Eve, James Caldwell, William CakUvell ami William Anderson, A.D.I7′.>7.
be, and they are hereby appointed, commissioners for the pnrpose ot” ^ – ^^’^^^’^-^
clearina; out and making navigable Saluda river, as far up as the island ford :
That iienjamin Mitchell, Samuel Rosamond, James Cteswell, John Watts, named to clear
David Anderson, Reuben Nash anil Robert Pollard, be, and they are fialuda river,
hereby appointed, commissioners for clearing out and making navigable
the said river, as far as the Old Indian Boundary Line ; and that William
Holbert, William Nicholson, Robert Easeley, Benjamin Arnold, William
Tiiurston and Elias Earle, be, and they are hereby appointed, commission-
ers for clearing out and making navigable the said liver, as far up as M’-
Elhauy’s ford.

II. And he it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the said commis-
sioners shall have power to make navigable the said river, by means of ji„j. ^u^^,,
dams, locks, canals, or such other means as they may find necessarj’ ; and l-n-kt-, uml open
that they be empowered to open and keep open s’jch roads as they may ‘”■” ‘””‘ ^’
deem necessary to the said navigation.

III. And be it further enacted by the authority afoiesaid, That after the
opening of the said navigation, the said commissioners shall keep the same

in good and sufficient repair, order and condition ; and that if any person iNuvioaiiou not
shall wilfully and maliciously break down, damage or destroy any bank oi- “^ ‘”‘ “hstruct-
other work, erecting or to be erected for the pnrpose of the said naviga-
tion, or throw into the said river any dirt, trees, rubbish or other matter, to
obstruct or injure the said navigation, he shall forfeit to the said commis-
sioners ten times the amount of the injury done.

IV. And }>e it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That tlie said
commissioners shall have power to raise subscriptions or establish a h’tte- j j,”-*’,™’^’^. “”””
ry, the profits of which shall be appropriated for the purpose of more ef- sci’iptiou or
fectually carrying into effect this Act, the amount of which shall not exceed ‘””•^O-

ten thousand dollars.

V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That all male
inhabitants liable to work on public roads, living within eight miles on each Those residing
side of the said river, shall be bound and liable to work thereon whenever witliiu three
they shall be called out for that pur[)Ose, for any time not exceeding six “j^f ^U^’J^j^”^
days in each year ; and that the said commissioners shall have and exer- work.

cise all the powers, privileges and authorities for carrying into effect this
clause, as are vested in the commissioners of the roads ; and that the said
inhabitants shall be liable to the same pains and penalties upon failing or
neglecting to work upon the said river, as they would be ujion failing or
neglecting to work upon the public roads : and that the same pains and
penalties shall be recovered in the same manner as if they had been in-
curred for failing or neglecting to work on the public roads : Provided al-
ways, that the same commissioners shall give six days previous notice of
the time that such persons so liable shall attend.

VI. \nd. be it Jurther enacted hy the a.\ithority aforesaid, That the said Free naviga-
river shall be free to be navigated by all and every person or persons ”””•
whomsoever, who shall wish to navigate the same.

Jn the Senate House, the sixteenth day of December, in llie year of our Lord one thou-
sand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and in the twenty-second year ol’iho Indepen-
dence of the United States of America.

The American School of economics represented the legacy of Alexander Hamilton, who in his Report on Manufactures, argued that the U.S. could not become fully independent until it was self-sufficient in all necessary economic products. Hamilton rooted this economic system, in part, in the successive regimes of Colbert’s France and Elizabeth I’s England, while rejecting the harsher aspects of mercantilism, such as seeking colonies for markets. As later defined by Senator Henry Clay who became known as the Father of the American System because of his impassioned support thereof, the American System was to unify the nation north to south, east to west, and city to farmer.[15]
Frank Bourgin’s 1989 study of the Constitutional Convention shows that direct government involvement in the economy was intended by the Founders.[16] This had more to do with the perceived need to overcome the economic and financial chaos the nation suffered under the Articles of Confederation, and nothing to do with any desire to have a statist economy. The goal, most forcefully articulated by Hamilton, was to ensure that dearly won political independence was not lost by being economically and financially dependent on the powers and princes of Europe. The creation of a strong central government able to promote science, invention, industry and commerce, was seen as an essential means of promoting the general welfare and making the economy of the United States strong enough for them to determine their own destiny.
A number of programs by the federal government undertaken in the period prior to the Civil War gave shape and substance to the American School. These programs included the establishment of the Patent Office in 1802; the creation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1807 and other measures to improve river and harbor navigation created by the 1824 Rivers and Harbors Act; the various Army expeditions to the west, beginning with Lewis and Clark’s Corps of Discovery in 1804 and continuing into the 1870s (see for example, the careers of Major Stephen Harriman Long and Major General John C. Frémont), almost always under the direction of an officer from the Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, and which provided crucial information for the overland pioneers that followed (see, for example, the career of Brigadier General Randolph B. Marcy); the assignment of Army Engineer officers to assist or direct the surveying and construction of the early railroads and canals; the establishment of the First Bank of the United States and Second Bank of the United States as well as various protectionist measures (e.g., the tariff of 1828).
Leading proponents were economists Friedrich List (1789–1846) and Henry Carey (1793–1879). List was a leading 19th Century German and American economist who called it the “National System” and developed it further in his book The National System of Political Economy. Carey called this a Harmony of Interests in his book by the same name, a harmony between labor and management, and as well a harmony between agriculture, manufacturing, and merchants.
The name, “American System,” was coined by Clay to distinguish it, as a school of thought, from the competing theory of economics at the time, the “British System” represented by Adam Smith in his work Wealth of Nations.[17]
The American School included three cardinal policy points:
1. Support industry: The advocacy of protectionism, and opposition to free trade – particularly for the protection of “infant industries” and those facing import competition from abroad. Examples: Tariff of 1816 and Morrill Tariff
2. Create physical infrastructure: Government finance of internal improvements to speed commerce and develop industry. This involved the regulation of privately held infrastructure, to ensure that it meets the nation’s needs. Examples: Cumberland Road and Union Pacific Railroad
3. Create financial infrastructure: A government sponsored National Bank to issue currency and encourage commerce. This involved the use of sovereign powers for the regulation of credit to encourage the development of the economy, and to deter speculation. Examples: First Bank of the United States, Second Bank of the United States, and National Banking Act[12]
Henry C. Carey, a leading American economist and adviser to Abraham Lincoln, in his book Harmony of Interests, displays two additional points of this American School economic philosophy that distinguishes it from the systems of Adam Smith or Karl Marx:
1. Government support for the development of science and public education through a public ‘common’ school system and investments in creative research through grants and subsidies.
2. Rejection of class struggle, in favor of the “Harmony of Interests” between: owners and workers, farmer and manufacturers, the wealthy class and the working class.[18]
In a passage from his book, The Harmony of Interests, Carey wrote concerning the difference between the American System and British System of economics:
Two systems are before the world;… One looks to increasing the necessity of commerce; the other to increasing the power to maintain it. One looks to underworking the Hindoo, and sinking the rest of the world to his level; the other to raising the standard of man throughout the world to our level. One looks to pauperism, ignorance, depopulation, and barbarism; the other to increasing wealth, comfort, intelligence, combination of action, and civilization. One looks towards universal war; the other towards universal peace. One is the English system; the other we may be proud to call the American system, for it is the only one ever devised the tendency of which was that of elevating while equalizing the condition of man throughout the world.[18]
The Government issue of fiat paper money has also been associated with the American School from the 1830s onwards. The policy has roots going back to the days of the American Colonies, when such a type of currency called Colonial Scrip was the medium of exchange. As early as 1837, John C. Calhoun called for a debt-free currency issued and controlled by the Government. Such a policy would reduce the profits of the banks, and in response to this, the banking institutions threw their support behind the British school, espousing the gold standard throughout the 1800s. In the Civil War, a shortage of specie led to the issue of such a fiat currency, called United States Notes, or “Greenbacks”. Towards the end of the Civil War in March 1865, Henry C. Carey, Lincoln’s economic advisor, published a series of letters to the Speaker of the House entitled “The Way to Outdo England Without Fighting Her.” Carey called for the continuance of the Greenback policy even after the War, while also raising the reserve requirements of the banks to 50%.[19] This would have allowed the US to develop its economy independent of foreign capital (primarily British gold). Carey wrote:
The most serious move in the retrograde direction is that one we find in the determination to prohibit the further issue of [United States Notes]…To what have we been indebted for [the increased economic activity]? To protection and the ” greenbacks”! What is it that we are now laboring to destroy? Protection and the Greenback! Let us continue on in the direction in which we now are moving, and we shall see…not a re-establishment of the Union, but a complete and final disruption of it.
Carey’s plans did not come to fruition as Lincoln was assassinated the next month and new President Andrew Johnson supported the gold standard, and by 1879 the U.S. was fully on the gold standard.
[edit] Advocacy

Senator Henry Clay leader of the Whig Party and advocate for the American System.
The “American System” was the name given by Henry Clay in a speech before Congress advocating an economic program[20] based on the economic philosophy derived from Alexander Hamilton’s economic theories (see Report on Manufactures, Report on Public Credit I and II). Clay’s policies called for a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and to form a national currency as Hamilton had advocated as Secretary of the Treasury.
According to U-S-History.com
Clay first used the term “American System” in 1824, although he had been working for its specifics for many years previously. Portions of the American System were enacted by Congress. The Second Bank of the United States was rechartered in 1816 for 20 years. High tariffs were maintained from the days of Hamilton until 1832. However, the national system of internal improvements was never adequately funded; the failure to do so was due in part to sectional jealousies and constitutional scruples about such expenditures.[21]
Clay’s plan became the leading tenet of the National Republican Party of John Quincy Adams and the Whig Party of himself and Daniel Webster.
The “American System” was supported by New England and the Mid-Atlantic, which had a large manufacturing base. It protected their new factories from foreign competition.
The South opposed the “American System” because its plantation owners were heavily reliant on production of cotton for export, and the American System produced lower demand for their cotton and created higher costs for manufactured goods. After 1828 the United States kept tariffs low until the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1861.
The term became synomonous with other phrases such as “National System” and “Protective System” as it was used over the course of time.
[edit] Implementation
An extra session of congress was called in the summer of 1841 for a restoration of the American system. When the tariff question came up again in 1842, the compromise of 1833 was overthrown, and the protective system placed in the ascendent.
Due to the dominance of the then Democratic Party of Van Buren, Polk, and Buchanan the American School was not embraced as the economic philosophy of the United States until the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, who with a series of laws during the American Civil War was able to fully implement what Hamilton, Clay, List, and Carey theorized, wrote about, and advocated.

President Lincoln an “Old Henry Clay tariff Whig” by his own definition, enacted much of the American School’s core policies into law during his tenure as President 1861-1865.
According to an article at US-History.com
As soon as Lincoln took office, the old Whig coalition finally controlled the entire government. It immediately tripled the average tariff, began to subsidize the construction of a transcontinental railroad in California even though a desperate war was being waged, and on February 25, 1862, the Legal Tender Act empowered the secretary of the treasury to issue paper money (‘greenbacks’) that were not immediately redeemable in gold or silver.[2][10][11]
The United States continued these policies throughout the later half of the 19th century. President William McKinley (1897–1901) stated at the time:
[They say] if you had not had the Protective Tariff things would be a little cheaper. Well, whether a thing is cheap or dear depends upon what we can earn by our daily labor. Free trade cheapens the product by cheapening the producer. Protection cheapens the product by elevating the producer. Under free trade the trader is the master and the producer the slave. Protection is but the law of nature, the law of self-preservation, of self-development, of securing the highest and best destiny of the race of man.
[It is said] that protection is immoral…. Why, if protection builds up and elevates 63,000,000 [the U.S. population] of people, the influence of those 63,000,000 of people elevates the rest of the world. We cannot take a step in the pathway of progress without benefitting mankind everywhere. Well, they say, ‘Buy where you can buy the cheapest’…. Of course, that applies to labor as to everything else. Let me give you a maxim that is a thousand times better than that, and it is the protection maxim: ‘Buy where you can pay the easiest.’ And that spot of earth is where labor wins its highest rewards.[22]
The American System was important in the election politics for and against Grover Cleveland,[7] the first Democrat elected after the Civil War, who, by reducing tariffs protecting American industries in 1893, began rolling back federal involvement in economic affairs, a process that continued until Herbert Hoover’s “too little, too late” attempts to deal with the worsening Great Depression.
[edit] Evolution
As the United States entered the 20th century, the “American School” was the policy of the United States under such names as: “American Policy”, “Economic nationalism”, “National System”,[23] “Protective System”, “Protection Policy”,[24] and “Protectionism”, which alludes only to the ‘tariff policy’ of this system of economics.[25][26][27][15][28]
This continued until 1913 when the administration of Woodrow Wilson initiated his The New Freedom policy that replaced the National Bank System with the Federal Reserve System, and lowered tariffs to revenue-only levels with the Underwood Tariff.
The election of Warren G. Harding and the Republican Party in 1920 represented a partial return to the American School through restoration of high tariffs, although a shift away from productive investments into speculation by the Federal Reserve System continued. This speculation led to the Stock Market Crash on Black Friday in October 1929. President Herbert Hoover responded to this crash and the subsequent bank failures and unemployment by signing the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, which some economists considered to have deepened the Great Depression, while others disagree.[29]
The New Deal continued infrastructure improvements through the numerous public works projects of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) as well as the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); brought massive reform to the banking system of the Federal Reserve while investing in various ways in industry to stimulate production and control speculation; but abandoned protective tariffs while embracing moderate tariff protection (revenue based 20–30% the normal tariff under this) through reciprocity, choosing to subsidized industry as a replacement. At the close of World War II, the United States now dominant in manufacturing with little competition, the era of free trade had begun.[30]
In 1973 when the “Kennedy” Round concluded under President Richard Nixon, who cut U.S. tariffs to all time lows, the New Deal orientation towards reciprocity and subsidy ended, which moved the United States further in the free market direction, and away from its American School economic system.[31][32]
List’s influence among developing nations has been considerable. Japan has followed his model.[33] It has also been argued that Deng Xiaoping’s post-Mao policies were inspired by List.[34]

No. 1092. AN ACT TO RMSK. SUPIM.I1;S ANU to MAKK AIM-KOPHHTIONS l-‘OK Tin:
YEAR ONE TUOUSA.VD SEVEN HUNDRED AND NINETV-SEVKN.

I. Be it enacteiJ, by the honorable the Senate and tlie House of Repre-
sentative.s, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority
of the same, That a tax, for the sums and in the manner hereinafter men-
tioned, shall bo raised, and paid into the public tieasury of this State for
the use and service thereof

II. And be il further emirtcd by the authority aforesaid, That tlie half
Raieoftaxaiion “‘””‘^ dollar per centum ad valorem shall be paid in specie or paper medi-
on lands. um on all lands granted within the State, under the several regulations

heieinafter expressed, that is to say : Class No. I shall contain all tide
swamp of the first tiualily not generally affected by the salts or freshes,
which shall be rattnl at twenty-six dollars ])er acre; all tide swamp of the
second quality, not generally affected by the salts or freshes, which siiall be
rated at seventeen dollars per acre; all tide swamp of the third ijualily,
not generally affected by the salt.s or fieshes, which shall be rated at ciulii
dollars and one half |)er acre ; all pine barren land adjoining such swamps,
or contii;uoiis tlierilo with respect to the benefit of water carriage, which
shall be rated at two dollars per acre ; all prime inland swamj), cultivated
and uncultivated, which shiill be rated at an average of thirteen dollars per
acre ; all inland swamp of the second quality, which shall be rated at eight
dollars and one half per acre ; all inland swamj) of the third a-
blo of immediate cultivation, whicli shall be rated at one dollar per acre.
Class No. 2 shall comprehend all hitrh river swain|)S and low grounds,
cultivated and uncultivated, including such as are commonly calleil secoml
low grounds, lying above the flowing of the tides, and as high up tlie conn
try as Snow Hill on Savannah river, the fork of Broail and Saluda river>
on the Congaree, Graves’s Ford on the Wateree, and the boundary line on
the Pedec ; the first quality of which shall be rated at thirteen dollars jier
acre; the second (piality at eight dollars and an half ])er acre ; and thetliiid
quality at four dollars per acre ; excepting such as may be clearly proved
to the collectors to bo incapalile of immediate cultivation, which shall be
assessed at one dollar jier acre. Class No. 3 shall comprehend all high
river swamp and low grounds, lying above Snow Hill, the fork of Jlroad
and Saluda rivers, (iravcs’s Ford, and the oM Indian boundary line, winch
shall belated at three dollars p(;r acre. Class No. 1 shall conqiiehend
all high lands without the limits of St. Philij)’s and St. Michael’s parishes,
within twenty miles of Charleston, and on John’s Island and .laines’.s
Islan
shall coniiMchcnd all laii<l^' on tin; .S,-;i islands, (.Slann's islaiul iiK'luded,)
or lying on or coutiguous to the seashore, usually cultivated, or cajiabic of

OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 325

cultivation, in corn or indigo, not within the h mils prescribed in class No. A.l). 17y7.

4, which shall be rated at four dollars per acre. Class No. 6 shall com- ^-'*'"^''""*-^

prehend all oak and hickory high lands lying below Snow Hill, the fork of

Broad and Saluda rivers, Graves's Ford, or the novv boundary line on Pe-

dee, and not included in the limits or description of the two next preceding

classes, numbers four and five, which shall be rated at three dollars per acre.

Class No. 7 shall include all j)ine barren lands not included in classes

numbered 1, 4 and 5, which shall be rated at twenty cents per acre. Class

No. 8 shall comprehend all oak and hickory high lands lying above Snow

Hill, the fork of Broad and Saluda rivers, and Graves's Ford, the first

quahty of which shall be rated at one dollar and the half of a dollar per

acre ; the second quality, at one dollar per acre ; and the third quality at

forty cents per acre. Class No. 9 shall comprehend all oak and hickory

high lands above the old Indian boundary line, the first quality of which

shall be rated at one dollar and twenty cents per acre ; the second quality,

at sixty cents per acre ; and the third quality, at twenty cents per acre.

Class No. 10 shall include all lands within the parishes of St. Philip and

St. Michael, which shall be assessed in the same manner and upon the same

principles as houses and lots in Charleston, and in a relative proportion to

lands in the country.

III. And he it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That seventy-
five cents per head shall be levied on all slaves ; the sum of two dollars per Rate of taxing
head on all free negroes, miilattoes, and mestizoes, between the ages of slaves, &,c.
sixteen and fifty years ; and the half of a dollar per centum ad valorem on

all lands, lots and buildings within any city, village, or borough ; and on all
stock in trade, factorage, employments, faculties and professions, (clergy-
men, schoolmasters, schoolmistresses and merchants, excepted) — to be
ciscertained and rated by the assessors and collectors throughout the State,
according to the best of their knowledge and information ; to be paid in

http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/edited-by-thomas-cooper/the-statutes-at-large-of-south-carolina-volume-v5-tid/page-50-the-statutes-at-large-of-south-carolina-volume-v5-tid.shtml

IV. And, he it further enacted.hy the authority aforesaid. That all negroes

and other slaves who are employed on any lands leased by any person or yig,,^,^,,,^!^
persons of the Catawba Indians, shall be, and they are hereby made, lia- eil on Indian
ble to the payment of this tax. But nothing in this Act contained shall '""''^'
be construed to impose any tax upon the property or estate of any religious „
society, or of the South Carolina Society, or the Winyaw Indigo Society,
or the Fellowship Society, or of the estate of the late Doctor de la Howe,
devised for charitable purposes.

V. And he it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every per-
son entitled to any taxable property or estate in this State, who resides Absentees dou-
withont the limits of the United States, shall, for the use of this State, pay ^'e laxed.

a double tax on the same. But this clause shall not be construed to extend
to the property of any person sent, or hereafter to be sent, abroad in the
employment of this State or of the United States, until one year after the
expiration or determination of his commission ; or to the property of any
young man sent abroad for his education, until he attain the age of twen-
ty-three years ; or to the property of any person now absent from the
United States, unless such person has been absent for one year.

VI. And he it further enactedhy the authority aforesaid. That the enqui-
rers, assessors and collectors appointed by law shall do and perform ail and CompensHtion

sinsrular the duties of their offices, accordins; to the Act entitled " An Act ofenquirere,
,,"-,,., , 1 . P , ^ . 1 11 aeeeesors, &c.

tor declanng the powers and duties ot the enquirers, assessors and collec-
tors of the taxes, and other persons concerned therein ;" and that on closing
their accounts with the treasury, and not before, they shall receive five per
cent. OQ the amount collected, excepting the collectors of St. Philip and St.

3J6 STATUTES AT LAIUJE

A. I).17;»7. Michael's parishes, who shall receive in like nianncrtwo and a half per cent.
^■■^'^'™*^ VII. Aiul be itJ'urtJirr inuctcd by the authority aforesaid, That the asses-
„ , sors, eniiuirers, and collectors respectively, shall biM'intheir enqnirv on the

former tuxes "■"*' day ot V ebruary next ; and that where all the collectors who were ap-
to be nmdc. pointed for any parish or county are dead, and the lax returns not closed
with the commissioners of the treasury, the collector who shall thereafter be
appointed is hereby directed and ordered to demand receipts or to admin-
ister an oath, or to procure other satisiactory proof from the inhabitants of
the county or jiurish, in order to ascertain whose taxes misrht be still due,
and to enable the public to discern what sums of money miglil be due by
the deceased tax collectors ; and if the executoi-s or administrators of any
deceased ta.x collector nei.rloct or refusi- to produce the accounts of the de-
ceased, or give all the information i!i their power on the subject, the trea-
surers are hereby ordered to proceed acconling to law against the estates
of the deceased lax collectors.

VIII. And be it further cnncted by the autiiority aforesaid, That all jier-
sons in any wise liable to pay the taxes hereby imposed, shall, on the first

Time of pay- day of February ncct, give in a true and just return of all slaves and of
'the i|ualily anr, or otherwise
howsoever ; and shall, on or before the lirsl day of Ajiril ui’xt, pay in their
taxes to the collector of that parish, county or district where the party
making such return, either by himself or liis or her family, may reside the
greater part of the year. And that the said assessors aixl collectors shall
pay the same, ami settle their accounts with ihe treasury, <ui the first day
of Juno next.

IX. And be it Jurther enacted, by the authority aforesaid. That :ill ilin

. . . interest of the paper medium which shall be due on or before the tiisi

Appropnaliun. ^,r , , . J, ■ , i ,, i i • i i • i i

Wednesday ni March next, shall be, and is hereby, appropriated to make

up any deficiency of money that nuiy ha|)pen under this Act.

X. And he it fiirllier ('n«(V((/ by the authority aforesaid. That the lax
What Khali be collectors throughout the .Slate shall receive no payment of taxes but in gold
received for and silver coin made current in this Stale, the paper medium i-<siied iimler
•""'• the aulliority of the Legislatuie, bank paper redeemable in the first in-

stance with gold and silver at the bank of the United .Stales, the branch
thereof in f^'harleston, or the bank of .South Carolina, or certificates for the
pay of the menibers of the Legislature, or of the Solicitors, for their atten-
dance on the Legislature.

Xi And whereas, enormous tracts of land within this State have lately
l.anil (iwrieil (iv heen sold in the Norlherii .Slates and in foreign countries, and the owners
fhc'ti'iate'." " thereof are supposed at present to pay no tax whatever; l\e il therefore
enarled by the authority afoii'said. That it shall be the ilulv of, and it is here-
by enjoined on, all lax collectors lo emjuire for all such lainl, collect the tax
and arrears of lax ihereiui ; and if the taxes thereon, and the arrcais of
taxes thereon, shall not be fully paiil at or before the lime hereinbefore
appointed for the payment of the general lax, then the tax colleclius shall
foithwith proceed to sell the same, agreeably to lln' mode presciibed by law
for selling the properly of those who make default in paying their taxes.
XII. And he it further eiMCled by ihe authority aforesaid, Th;il the com-
Trpa«urcr« lo inissioners of the treasury shall be, and they are hereby, directed lo fiirnisli
'^'f"!,'"*' A "'*'''' copies of this Act to each of lhcii:iC3 occasioned iheieby shall be reimbursed.

OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 327

XIII. And he it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the A. 1). 171)7.

instalment of the paper medium which will be due on the fiist Wednesday ^-^’~^””^^^

in March ne.\t, shall not be required to be paid as directed bv the Act en-,„,
■ 1 1 ,, A A !■ • • 1- (• 1 I- T 1 1 J “”^ pnper mc-

titlen An Act tor raising supplies tor the year ot our Lord one thousand dium, when to

seven hundred and ninety-three,” but shall be paid on the first Wednesday be paid,
in March, which will be in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun-
dred and three: Provided always nevertheless, that no person shall be
entitled to the benefit of this clause who shall not give an additional secu-
rity, if required by the treasurer of Charleston, in all cases when he is
not fully satisfied of the sufficiency of the former security, and in all cases
where default has been made in paying what has heretofore been due, or
which shall be made in paying the interest to grow due in March next.

XIV. Whereas, it is expedient under the existing circumstances and
relative situation of the Lliiited States with foreign powers, that the milita-
ry establishment of this State should be placed upon the footing best adapted
to meet and repel any attack which may be made upon the country ; Be it

further enacted by the aulhority^aforesaid. That the Governor of the State Munitions of
for the time being shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and required to pur- chased,
chase or cause to be purchased for and on behalf of the State four thousand
musquets of the calibre fixed by the law of Congress, with bayonets and
proper accoutrements : for the payment of which the sum of forty thou-
sand dollars is hereby appropriated ; also twenty thousand pounds of gun-
powder, for which the sum of twelve thou.sand dollars is hereby appro-
priated ; also eighty thousand pounds of lead, for which the sum of four
thousand five hundred dollars is hereby appropriated ; which arms shall be
deposited at the arsenals of Charleston, Abbeville and Camden.

XV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the

sums to be raised and collected under and bv virtue of this Act shall be, , • ,.

I 1 1 • 1 1 ^ 11 • ■ ‘ Appropnotiop.

and are hereby, appropriated to tlie following purposes, to wit : a sum not

exceeding sixty-three thousand four hundred and fifty-seven dollars, to the
payment of the civil list as estimated in the statement No. 1 hereunto an-
nexed ; a sum not exceeding twenty-one thousand three hundred and forty
dollars twenty-one cents, to the payment of the contingent accounts and
extraordinaries as estimated in the statement No. 2. And the surplus
which shall or may remain in the treasury aftei satisfying the aforesaid ap-
propriations shall and may be applied by the treasureis as is or may be
directed by law.

ESTIMATE

Of supplies wanted for the support of Government, for the year one thou-
sand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and to discharge demands incurred
in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven.

SALARIES, AS SETTLED BY LAW.

For the Governor, …… $2,572 00

For the Secretary to the Governor, ….. 430 00

For four Judges of the Superior Courts of Law, §2,572 each, – – 10,288 00

For Judge of the Court of Equity, $2,144, …. 2,14400

For the Attorney General, for giving advice to tiie Governor and other pub-
lic officers, in matters of pubUc concern, in addition to his other duties, – 860 00
For the three Circuit Solicitors, $430 each, …. 1,290 00

For the Treasurer in Charleston, for salary as Treasurer, and for transacting

the business of the Loan Office, and Clerk, – – – 2,658 00

For the Treasurer in Columbia, for his salary, … – 1,290 00

About Royal Rosamond Press

I am an artist, a writer, and a theologian.
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